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The Economics, Performance, and Sustainability of Internally Cured Concrete, Part 2

ACI Fall 2012 Convention October 21 24, Toronto, ON


ACI WEB SESSIONS

Wilasa Vichit-Vadakan is a Senior Researcher at Siam Research and Innovation Co. Ltd., a research company owned by SCG Cement, Thailands oldest and largest cement manufacturer. Her research interest lies in two major areas: optimization of specialized Portland cement and the use of superabsorbent polymers in Portland cement-based systems. Both of these areas overlap in that their mechanisms can be used to explain and improve the durability of concrete and mortar. Prior to coming to SCG, she was a Clare Boothe Luce Assistant Professor at the University of Notre Dame. She holds a Ph.D. from Princeton University, M.S. from Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and B.S. from Cornell University, all in civil engineering.

ACI WEB SESSIONS

Outline
Background LaboratoryExperiments Commercialization FieldResults Conclusions

MassProductionandUtilizationof SelfCuringCementinThailand
Wilasa VichitVadakan Jirawan Siramanont Nottapon Watcharabusarakham SiamResearchandInnovationCo.Ltd. Saraburi,Thailand

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Background

Background

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ACI Fall 2012 Convention

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Ourinterests

SuperabsorbentPolymers
Huh?

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BackgroundonPolymerization
ASTMC150 TypeIOPC

Outline
Background LaboratoryExperiments Commercialization FieldResults Conclusions

Superabsorbent polymers

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Lab:MixDesign
Selfcuringcement:TypeIOPCentrainedwith superabsorbentpolymers Component Water Cement Fine aggregate Coarseaggregate Quantity 190kg 300kg 730kg 1160kg

Lab:ConcreteStrength

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ACI Fall 2012 Convention

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Lab:SlumpLoss
2 0 0 -2 OPC
Slump loss (cm)

Lab:SettingTime
60 80 100 120 140 160

20

40

Self-curing cement

-4

-6

-8

-10

-12

-14

Time (min) wilasav@scg.co.th 17 wilasav@scg.co.th 18

Outline
Background LaboratoryExperiments Commercialization FieldResults Conclusions

RiceDryingPavement

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ConstructionPractice

ConstructionPractice

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Outline
Background LaboratoryExperiments Commercialization FieldResults Conclusions

TypicalSiteLayout

Slab on grade: 5.0 x 10.8 m

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SlumpTest

ResistancetoSegregation
OPC Type I Self-curing cement

TYPE I (18 cm)

SELF-CURING (18cm)

Segregation

No segregation

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FieldTest:Workability
OPC Type I Self-curing cement

FieldTest:Followup

Cement Type I

Type I
Self curing cement

Segregation

No segregation
Self -curing
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ACI Fall 2012 Convention

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SurfaceFollowup

FieldTest:SiteFollowup
OPC Type I Self-curing cement

1 Day

1 Day

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FieldTest:CompressiveStrength

IonicPolymer
At

high pH
NH2 group in acrylamide is deprotonated to electrostatic repulsion

leading

Basiccondition
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SwellinginDifferentEnvironments
30 25 20 15 10 5 0 H2O 0.1MNaOH Cementfiltrate

SwellingBehavior

W.Siriwatwechakul,J.Siramanont,W.VichitVadakan (2010).SuperabsorbentPolymerStructures,in:O.M.Jensen,M.T. Hasholt,S.Laustsen,Eds,Pro74 ProceedingsfromtheInternationalRILEMConferenceUseofSuperabsorbentPolymers 33 andOtherNewAdditivesinConcrete,pp.253262. wilasav@scg.co.th

Swellingratio

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SwellingBehavior

IonFiltrationBehavior

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Conclusions
Internalcuringcanbeintegratedintoacement
Favorablestrengthgain Nonegativeimpactonfreshproperties:slumplossor settingtime Positiveimpactonfreshproperties:tendenciesto segregate

MechanismsfortheuseofSAPsincementis startingtobequiteclear
Observedbenefitsevenathighw/c Observedearlystrengthgain
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