ELGHZIZAL’s Scribd Documents

@ @òîÛaìnß@RLC@ñŠa†@À@òí‹ÔÛa@pbi‰i‰nÛa@À@åíŠb¸ 
/  
R = 100Ω      U      N  

u(t)     
  
  &'(  ' ' $ L "# $  % C = 20µF ! 
. / u(t)      -! .!  / - L1    , % ' L *#  $  + (1
( (1) $%  )   -!  &'( $#,  0 $  . / uR(t)   

u(t)    $  1&#  / / H1.1
uR(t) u(t) /  .  2 ϕ '.     N  

# H1.2
4 
,       4
% i(t) u(t)     uR(t) / @3   $ 
( (13
. L1    6! 4
' Z    
5 (14
&'( $# L2    
( . L *#  $  (2
( (2) $%  )   -! 
. '( $#    -!' ' .( (12
. L2 !# (22
.4
' 4
5  $  !# (32
. 8  ,. / UC $       6! (42
i’(t) :# uc(t) ub(t) i’(t) : / $ 
5 (52
%  ,. /    ub(t) 4 
,     4
%
8  ,. /    uc(t)
(13 :$;!  6 (< / =>) 

/ 

@ @

:     &'(     .  + &'(  4
$ %
U = 15 V      5   4 

? 

. ."' $ N  


C = 5µF ! 8 
. R     $ 
.'    L "# $  % 
(5 $% ). '       
u (t ) = U 2 cos(ωt + ϕ )   4 

? (1 
Z   / $ (
5  $, @%A B  ! (11
4  
$      RLC . 
. R, L,C , N  < 

8. / '!  P .!   4  
/( ( (21
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ELGHZIZAL’s Scribd Documents

:# I R  < 
- R C U N : < 
RLC .  
. '    4
%  I$ 
C. L  < 
N0 6! . P0       P .!   4  
=> . N=N0 $ !  (31
P = P0 / 2 :.!   4  
 , /=> /'  /  

N2 N1  ! (14
. N0 C L  < 
N0 6! ( N2 > N1 ) C .∆N = N2 – N1
5 
N  < 
φ N  < 
P &#  .= - N 

$ !  I      4
% D (2
. i(t) u(t) / /  .  2, φ $  :# (  E)

@

@
@
. !  
?  4FE  ? /!  /# '  > .( (12
.4
5  $  Q L R - /G 6! (22 
 .!   4  
/   
( UL/U : ! 
5  . %  /  '     ' UL  ?  (32
. Q UL / U : / / 
P = P0/2 .!   4  
/   
( 4  
$        !#  - 
5  (42   
  4
% I0 P = P0/2 /   
( '    4
%  $  I :# I0 I / .    
H /  
( 

/   

( . ?5  F $% .     &'(  RL .  % /   ?5 
. I = 2A:    
% N=50Hz  

5     
(
π 
 4 
,  , u (t ) = 110 2 cos(100π t + ) (V) : 5   ?5  . / 2. (1
3

(A) : E#'  
%
RL .   Z  
5  (11
. L *#  $  R    !# (21
: -'!  $ ! 4 
 $, @%G ?5 (31
i (t ) = 2 2 cos100π t

1cm ↔ 5V 

5   C 5  ,. / 2. ."' ' !  8 C 2!  ?5      &'( (2
. U =100V      N = 50Hz 

. C2 C1 !# ?5'  
( % / " 8  ! C2 C1 /  BF / / (12
1cm ↔ 20V :    -'!   
( /!  / #' $, @%G ?5 (22
@%G ?5 U =55V  '       C = 68µF 8  ! :#  
( % ?5  $% (32
1cm ↔ 20V : -'!  $ !  #  F , $,
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ELGHZIZAL’s Scribd Documents

@ @òîÛaìnß@RLC@ñŠa†@À@òí‹ÔÛa@pbi‰i‰nÛaZ@åíŠb¸@ÞìÜy 
/ 
: ‫" !  ا  او‬#‫ أآ‬RLC 

‫(   ا‬11

:+"‫ و! ا‬u(t) ") 9‫" ) ا(' ا‬#‫* اآ‬+ ‫ ذو ا‬-.‫ن ا‬0( 1+‫ ا"أ‬1+2.‫ ا‬34 !15675 ‫ وﺏ أن‬Z =

1 

R +  Lω −
〉R
C
ω 

2

2

. u(t) ‫( ه ا? ل‬1) -.‫; أن ا‬992 ‫<ﺏ<ﺏ‬9‫ا‬

N = 50Hz

ϕ =

π
4

N=

: B‫ و‬T = 8(2,5.10-3) s : -.‫و! ا‬

: 7F θ E‫ ی‬9‫ ﺏ‬θ =

1
T : ‫ی‬7 (21

T

θ : ‫ أن‬:5
‫ن‬1#‫ و! ا‬C‫" ا‬6D9‫ ا‬θ * ϕ =
4
T
u(t) : "1#) (31

ϕR=0 B‫ و‬cos ϕ R =1 ‫ أي‬H‫ اری‬9‫ أ ا‬7J ‫ ی‬KL uR(t) ‫ا‬7‫ ا‬ 
‫ا‬7‫" ا‬1#) ;992 B‫( و‬#‫  ﺝ‬ϕ ‫)إذن‬

U max

ϕ =

π

4 ‫ ب‬i(t) !J ‫ ( ا ر‬79 u(t) ‫ أن‬M‫ﺡ‬O PQ‫ ! ا‬
= 12V (4V .div −1 × 3div ) = U 2 * u (t ) = U max cos(100π t + ϕ )
π
u (t ) = 12 cos(100π t + ) (V) : ‫دي‬7‫' ا‬1#9‫ا‬
4

uR (t ) U max( R )
=
cos100π t
R
R
: ‫ی‬7 
i (t ) = 8.10−2 cos100π t
i (t ) =

(41
Z=
‫ أن‬7F L1ω 〉

U max
12
=
= 150Ω : ‫ی‬7 Z ‫ارة‬7‫ ا‬
I max 8.10−2

2
1
1 

2
‫ ( أي‬i(t) !J ‫ ( ا ر‬79 u(t) ) 1W‫"ی‬.) ‫ارة‬7‫ وﺏ أن ا‬Z = R +  L1ω −
*

Cω 

L1 =

1

2

+

Z 2 − .R 2

ω

≈ 0,85H

(2
( 5Y 1‫! ن و ا ﺵ‬1‫ﺏ‬9 )‫ ) ا(' ( ا ر‬-5J i(t) ‫ و‬u(t) ‫ إذا‬، 1‫"ﺏ‬YP‫ارة ا‬7‫! ( ا‬1"‫ه"ة ا‬Z ‫<ﺏ<ﺏ‬9‫ ا‬:+"‫ ا‬:‫"ﺝ‬9‫( ی‬12
Z = R ‫ و‬U =UR B‫و‬
L2ω 2 C = 1 ⇔ L2 =

1
Cω 2

= 0,5 H !1"‫ ا‬7J (22

L2ω
= 1, 57 : ‫ دة‬F‫(  ا‬32
R
: 19‫ ا‬LO‫ ﺏ‬Q !J "# ‫! أن‬P‫( ی‬42
Q=

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ELGHZIZAL’s Scribd Documents
U
L2 ω
U
1
=
= L = C
R
RCω U
U
⇒ U C = Q.U = 13, 3V
Q= 

9‫ ی‬u(t) * ‫ ) ا(' ( ا ر‬-5J ‫ ن‬P‫ ی‬P) ‫" ا ر‬1])‫ و‬Imax ‫ ی‬K‫ة ا‬7Q‫"ت ا‬1]) : ‫"ت‬1]) ‫ر‬19‫ة ا‬7‫ أن ﺵ‬M‫ﺡ‬O !11.‫( ﺏر ا‬52
:

B‫ و‬I’max= 0,12 A -.‫! ا‬. ") 9‫ ^ ر ا‬ϕR=π/4

-‫ إ‬ϕR=0

! i(t) ‫^ ر‬

i '( t ) = 0 , 1 2 c o s ( 1 0 0 π t +

π
4

)

di '

≈ 19, 2 cos(100π t +
)
dt
4
1
π
=
∫ i ' d t ≈ 1 9, 2 co s (1 0 0 π t − )

u b ( t ) = L2
uC

4

C 

/ 
(1

i(t) u(t) /  .  2, ϕ :# i (t ) = I 2 cos ω t :  u (t ) = U 2 cos(ωt + ϕ ) ‫ی‬7 (11
: ‫ج‬99+‫ا‬
uR (t ) = RI 2 cos ω t 
I
π

2 cos  ω t − 

2
 

π

uL (t ) = Lω I 2 cos  ω t + 
2
 

uC (t ) =
I

U L = Lω I
UC =

1 

U = I . R 2 +  Lω −
Cω 

2

Z=

U
1 

= R 2 +  Lω −
I
Cω 

2 

U R = RI

cos ϕ =

UR
=
U

R
1 

R +  2π LN −
2π NC 

2

: ‫رة‬7‫ ا‬

2

: ‫ ه‬P ‫رة‬7‫رة ا‬#J(21
P = U .I . cos ϕ

P = R.I 2 : ‫ﺏ أن‬2‫ ا‬LO‫ ! ا‬M‫ﺡ‬O

I=

U
Z

⇒P=
P=

U 2 cos ϕ
Z
U 2 .R

R 2 + (2π LN −

N0 =

1
2π LC

: B‫" و‬4K‫ ا‬-‫( إ‬2π LN −

1
)2
2π NC

1
) ‫ ی`ول‬7J ‫ ی‬KL P ‫ أن‬M‫ﺡ‬O (".‫ ا‬P "1#) ! (31
2π NC

: -5J K. P0 =

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U2
R

‫( ﺏ أن‬41

ELGHZIZAL’s Scribd Documents
U 2 .R

: ‫دوج‬C ‫ ﺡ‬Y ( N :"1]9‫ ) ا‬1?‫رﺝ ا‬7‫ﺡ اد ! ا‬

L
2
R+ R +4
1 
C
N1 =
2π 
2L

∆N =

1
)2
2π NC

U2
2R

2

1 

2
⇒  2π LN +
 =R
2
NC
π


1
2π NL −
= ±R
2π NC
1
⇒ 2π N 2 L ± R −
=0
2π C
.


L 
2
 −R + R + 4 
1 
C 
N2 =

2π 
2L








R 2 + (2π LN −

=

1 R
: ;992 B‫و‬
2π L

Q=

N0
L
= 2π N 0
: ‫ دة إذا‬F‫ ا‬
∆N
R

(12
‫ ن‬P‫ إذ ی‬، N * 7‫ای‬C91( ‫ أ ("ق ا ر‬. aL9) : ، P0 ‫ ی‬K‫ ا‬Y91L -‫ إ‬K) ‫ أن‬-‫ إ‬، N ‫"دد‬9‫ ا‬7‫ای‬C) * P + 9‫رة ا‬7‫ ا‬7‫ای‬C9)
!11.‫ل ا‬O6 ! (P =P0 ; ϕ = 0) !1"‫ه"ة ا‬Z ‫! إﺏ"از‬P‫ ی‬. #‫  ﺝ‬c#K‫ ی‬: #+
32Hz ≈ ∆N 

Ν0= 225Ηz

: -.‫و! ا‬

P0 =

U2
U2
152
⇒R=
=
≈ 20Ω ‫( ﺏ أن‬22
R
P0 11, 25

: ‫ج‬99+‫ا‬

1
L=
≈ 0,1H
4π N 0 2 C
Q=

N 0 225
=
≈7
∆N
32

U L Lω 2π LN 0
=
=
U
R
R
U L 6, 28.0,1.225

≈7
U
20

: -5J K. P = P0 ⇔ N = N 0 ⇔ I =

Q=

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U
7J (32
R

UL
‫ أن‬7F ‫ﺏر‬
U

ELGHZIZAL’s Scribd Documents

cos ϕ =

R

R 2
ϕ = ±45°

=

1
2

= 0, 71

: ;992

I=

I0

ϕ ± 45° 

11# (42

‫ي ا ا"رة‬7‫ ﺡ‬7J cos ϕ =

R
: 1‫ﺏ‬2‫ﺡ‬
Z

2
U = ZI = RI 0
Z = 2R 

‫ﺏ‬2‫ ا‬LO‫  ض ( ا‬، cos ϕ =

1
2

‫ن‬0( P = P0/2 ‫ ن‬P) 7J P = UI 0 .cos ϕ "1#) 1‫ ﺏ‬P0 = U .I 0 : !1"‫ ا‬7J ‫رة‬7‫" ا‬1#)
I=

Z=

I0
2

7F

U 110
=
= 55Ω : ‫(   ا‬1.1
I
2

RL ‫ ? ا‬1‫ء ("ی‬Q‫( إ‬21
: 9‫ ا‬PQ‫ ا‬-5J 9P) RL ‫  ا‬
Z = R 2 + L2ω 2
L=

Z 2 − R2
= 0,15 H
4π N 2

Lω I = 94, 2V : RI = 55V

: ‫ی‬7 (31

(2
‫ارة‬7‫(  ا‬12
Z=

U
1 

= R 2 +  Lω −
I
Cω 

2

Z = 50Ω ‫ أو‬U/Z = 2A : B‫ و‬I = 2A <6D) ‫ أن‬F‫دي ی‬J ‫]ل‬9‫ن اﺵ‬W
: ;992

1
− Lω = ± Z 2 − R 2
C ω1
1
C=
ω Lω ± Z 2 − R 2

)

(

−5

C1 = 3, 6.10 F
C2 = 5, 9.10 −4 F

: B#‫ ﺝ‬PQ‫" ا‬g‫( ا‬22

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: 1‫ء ("ی‬Q‫ إ‬B‫و‬

I
≈ 94Ω

RI ≈ 55V
Lω I ≈ 94Ω

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:.‫ ا‬h<‫ ( ه‬2. (32