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qkdwm olyJjzpf&r,f/
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ESvkH;om;u 'dwfueJ jzpfoGm;rdovm; rod/

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udk,fY&ifbwfudk udk,fYem;eJY jyefuyfNyD; em;axmifMunfhvkdY r&awmY


vnf; cufom;uvm;/ aeygOD;av/ t&if;ESD;qkH; rdwfaqGESpfa,mufjzpfwJY
OD;aESmufeJY ESvkH;om;wdkY wkdifwdkifyifyif vkyfMuOD;aygY/
ck avmavmq,frSmawmY pm;aomufqkdif0ifNyD; EGm;EkdYylylav;wpfcGuf
avmuf aomufvkdufygOD;vm; cspfxGwfwif&,f/

This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost.


Commercial use of this book will be at your OWN RISK!

jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif
13
olwdkYaysmfMuavNyD rif;vl

This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost.


Commercial use of this book will be at your OWN RISK!

atmifpdk;onf bwf(pf)um; usyfaeonfudkyif aus;Zl;wif&rvdk


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awG;rdonf/

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ao;/

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olwdkYaysmfMuavNyD rif;vl

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awG/ 'gaMumifY avmifcsmtkyfpkvdkY ac:wm/ ausmif;xJrSmrkdYvdkYom

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olwdkYaysmfMuavNyD rif;vl

ausmif;om;vdkY od&wm/ bwf(pf)um;awG bmawGay:rSmqkd&if cg;ykdufEdIuf


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olwkdYbmom ajym&if; [m;wdkuf&,faeMuw,f/

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olwdkYaysmfMuavNyD rif;vl

vdIifxdyfxm;OD;u 'DaumifawGudk b,fvdkjyefcRwf&rvJ pOf;pm;ae


wkef;rSm jrifuGif;xJudk ola&mufvmw,f/
qkdifu,fudk armif;0ifvmwm/ acgif;pGyfu avumrSefudk wifxm;vdkY
rsufESmudk jrif&w,f/
ajymufusm; zD;(vf)*sufuufBuD; 0wfrxm;ayr,fY yk*Hvrf;ay:rSm
awGUwJYaumif jzpfrSmyJvdkY wGufvdkufw,f/
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ajymw,f/
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]]raomufawmYbl;uGm/ ta&;BuD;wJYudpö½SdvdkY/ yk*Hvrf;ay:rSm ydkufqH
q,fjym; usaysmufoGm;wm oGm;½Sm&OD;r,f/ rawGU&ifawmY b0ysufygNyD
uGm}} vkdY ajymNyD; qkdifu,fudk armif;xGufoGm;w,f/
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]]cspfxGwfwifqkdwm tJ'gaygY}} vdkY 0if;pE´Du ajymw,f/

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jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif
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olwdkYaysmfMuavNyD rif;vl

olwdkYrSm om;tzESpfa,mufwnf;om ½Sdonf/ tazwpfck om;wpfck


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onf/ tazonf bkef;awmfBuD;ausmif; ynmavmufom wwfaomfvnf;
arQmfvifYcsuf BuD;rm;onf/ ½GmrSmaevQif v,fvkyfig;zrf;b0u ½kef;xGuf
Ekdifrnfr[kwf[k wGufNyD; NrKdUudk wufvmcJYonf/ NrdKUum; tazxif
oavmuf wkd;wufrIudkray;/ odkY&mwGif tazu tm;ravQmYacs/ &&m
tvkyf? BuHK&mtvkyfudk 0ifvkyfonf/ a&vnf; xrf;zl;onf/ qkdufum;
vnf; eif;zl;onf/ ukefwifukefcs tvkyform;vnf; jzpfcJYzl;onf/
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vnf; usef;rma&;u raumif;? csLcsmonf/ NyD;awmY taru rD;zGm;&
cufcJwwfonf/
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t&yfvufonfESifY arG;&jcif;jzpfí ydkqdk;onf/ vufonfu uRrf;usifrI

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olwdkYaysmfMuavNyD rif;vl

r½Sd/ xkdYaMumifY 0rf;wGif;u uRwfaomtcg uav;rSm toufygrvm


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onf/ tdrfeD;csif;rsm;u aq;½kHydkY&ef ajymonf/ tazu ½dk;½dk;ttrdkY
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aq;½kHykdYonf/
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qkH;jzwfvkdufMuonf/
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taz ysufpD;roGm;wm rif;aMumifYyJ/ 'gaMumifY rif;udkawmif tazu
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pufbD;jyifqkdifuav; wpfqkdifudk zGifYEdkifvmonf/

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olwdkYaysmfMuavNyD rif;vl

tazonf atmifpdk;udk awmfawmfcspfonf/ ynma&;ESifY ywfoufvm


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ovdkvdkjzpfaeaom rdef;uav;jzpfaeojzifY &ifzdkaerdonfrSm xl;qef;onf


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jzpfrSmyg/ 'gu udkcspfxGwfwif? tkdifpD zdkife,f,m;/ olu vSKdifxdyfxm;OD;

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olwdkYaysmfMuavNyD rif;vl

av? zpfqpfzdkife,fu/ olu 0if;pE´D? olu jrqnf;qm? olu ½dkpD/


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ausmufwkdifwpfwkdifudk yxrqkH;wpfcsuf pçESJYvkdufwJY oabm/
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awG? rmwDeD pyfckdif;vdkYvnf; &w,f/

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olwdkYaysmfMuavNyD rif;vl

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jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif
53
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odvkdufMuw,f/

jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif
54
olwdkYaysmfMuavNyD rif;vl

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od&w,f/
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olwdkYaysmfMuavNyD rif;vl

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qkd;rvmbl;qkdwm rif; b,fvdkvkyfodvJ}}
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a0gueJ/ AdkufzkH;tusÐ/ jrqnf;qmu odyf½Sufraeygbl;/ tm;vkH;eJYa&mNyD;
vkduf&,fw,f/

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olwdkYaysmfMuavNyD rif;vl

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rJaygufw,f/
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awG vufrSmywfwJY om;a&vufywfwpfck aygufw,f/
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olwdkYaysmfMuavNyD rif;vl

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cspfxGwfwifu *pfwmBuKd;n§d&if; . . .

jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif
58
olwdkYaysmfMuavNyD rif;vl

]]bmqkdrvJ}} vdkY ar;w,f/


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trsKd;orD;0wfpkHeJY/ odkYayr,fY ESpfa,mufpvkH; Munfhaumif;aewm trSef/
cspfxGwfwifu aeqkd&if vdIifxdyfxm;OD;u v/
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a,mufsm;av;awG tm;vkH;[mvnf; cspfxGwfwifudk tm;usaeMurSmyJ/
um,uH½SifESpfOD;&JU pdwfxJrSmawmY . . .

jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif
59
olwdkYaysmfMuavNyD rif;vl

This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost.


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vlBuD;wpfa,mufu ajymonf/ rdef;rBuD;wa,mufuvnf; . . .

jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif
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olwdkYaysmfMuavNyD rif;vl

]][kwfygw,fawmf? "mwfqDyJ vHkavmufatmif xnfhrvmbl;?


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jzpf\/
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64
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rnf/

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olwdkYaysmfMuavNyD rif;vl

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olwdkYaysmfMuavNyD rif;vl

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olwdkYaysmfMuavNyD rif;vl

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olwdkYaysmfMuavNyD rif;vl

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olwdkYaysmfMuavNyD rif;vl

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ausmufuke;f aps;wef;uav;xJrSm txnfa[mif;qdkifawG &Sdonf/
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olwdkYaysmfMuavNyD rif;vl

vSnf;usif;? rD;aoG;a&mif;ESifh rtm;&/ nDrav;u tazmf&aeNyD jzpfaom


aMumifhom enf;enf;awmfao;onf/
rnfodkYyifjzpfap? wuúodkvfausmif; wufae&jcif;onf tdrfrSm tcGifh
xl; cHpm;ae&jcif;yif jzpfonf[k oloabmxm;onf/ ckcsdefrSm tvkyfom
xGufvkyf&vQif tdrftwGufydkNyD; 0ifaiG&vmEdkifonf [lívnf; rMumcP
awG;rdonf/
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bmudkrQ pdwfr0ifpm;cJh/ &nf;pm;xm;zdkY qdkonfudk pdwfawmif rul;cJhacs/
'DvdktcsdefrsKd;rSm atmifpdk;qdkaom ausmif;om;wpfa,mufESifh cifrif
oduRrf;cJh&onf/ ckawmh atmifpdk;onf olYudk pdwf0ifpm;aeaMumif;
odvm&NyD/ xdkrQru atmifpdk;u olYarwÅmudk zGifhajymvkqJqJodkYyif a&muf
oGm;cJhNyD/ zGifhrajymonfhwdkif zGifhajymonfh t"dyÜm,frsKd; oufa&mufaponfh
pum;udk ajymcJhavNyD/
atmifpdk;onf ½dk;om;wnfMunfoljzpfí oHa,mZOf jzpfcJhonfudk
0efcHonf/ okdY&mwGif ESvHk;om;a&;&mudk em;rvnfcJhonfh at;at;0if;tzdkY
atmifpdk;udk rnfodkYrnfyHk wkHYjyef&rnf[k rpOf;pm;wwfacs/

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This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost.


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99
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onfESifh tdrfudkwef;jyefonf/ 'grS tazhukd ulzdkY tcsdef&rnf r[kwv f m;/
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jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif
100
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wlMuaomaMumifhvnf; ydkNyD; aygif;jzpfonf/
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jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif
101
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jzpfonf/ atmifpdk;u um;aemufbufjcrf;u vdkufvmonf/ at;at;0if;
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wpfa,muf rawGUrdMu/ ck um;ay:u qif;rS qHkrdMujcif;jzpfonf/
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awmh aumif;oGm;onf/ at;at;0if;ESifh rsufESmcsif;qdkifzdkY txl;wvnf
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jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif
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om; trSeftwdkif; ajymcif;omjzpfonf/ atmifpdk;u xkdtcGifhta&;udk ,lrd
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rSmvdkufonf/

jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif
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aum 'DvdkyJ rodvdkufrodbmom qufaevdkuf&rvm;/ rjzpfao;/ xdkudpö
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jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif
106
olwdkYaysmfMuavNyD rif;vl

at;at;0if;u bmrQjyefrajym/ eH&HrSm csdwfxm;aom ½kyf&SifaMumfjim?


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at;at;0if;onf olYudk,fol bmjzpfoGm;onf[k rodawmhbJ olY
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onf/

jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif
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olwdkYaysmfMuavNyD rif;vl

wu,fawmh xdkpum;rsm;onf atmifpdk;\ tcspfudk vufcHaMumif;


0efcHajymMum;aeaom pum;rsm;jzpfaMumif; aphaphawG;MunfhvQif odomEdkif
ygonf/

xdkaeYrSpí olwdkYESpfa,mufonf raMunmaom cspfolrsm; tjzpfodkY


a&mufcJhMuonf/
olwdkYonf [dk,cif tcgqDuvdkyif um;rSwfwdkifrSm qHkMuonf/
bwfpfum; twlwlpD;NyD; ausmif;vmMuonf/ ausmif;qif;vQif twlwl
jyefMuonf/
t&ifuESifh wpfckyJumG onf/ t&ifu rawmfwq qHkawGUojzifh twl
oGm;MuyHkrsKd;udk aqmifonf/ ckusawmh wpfa,mufudk wpfa,muf wrif
wum apmifhNyD;rS twloGm; twlvmMujcif;yif jzpfavonf/

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jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif
108
olwdkYaysmfMuavNyD rif;vl

qdkifu,fNydKifyGJrSm cspfxGwfwif tEdkif&&Sdw,f qdkwJh owif;udk vdIif


xdyfxm;OD; Mum;NyD;avmufygNyD/ olwdkY todkuft0ef;rSm 'Dvdk owif;rsKd;
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bmhaMumifhrSef;rod/ vdIifxdyfxm;OD;&JU ygpyfu xkwfazmfcsD;usL;wJh
toHudk Mum;csifaew,f/ csD;usL;cH&wm[m cspfxGwfwiftzdkY rqef;awmh
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w,f/
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&if; Munfhw,f/ r&Sd/ tif; t,fvfpDtmqdkwmuvnf; ckacwfrSm odyf

jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif
109
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111
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jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif
112
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jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif
113
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jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif
114
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jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif
115
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jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif
117
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jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif
118
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jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif
119
olwdkYaysmfMuavNyD rif;vl

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EdIufw,f/ cspfxGwfwifu abmif;bDtdwfudk zdxm;w,f/ wjcm;aumifawG
u cspfxGwfwif&JU vufudk 0dkif;z,fMuw,f/ tdwfxJu EdIufxkwfvdkuf
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]]odwmayghuGm? &efukefNrdKUrSm rif;vufrSwfxdk;NyD; pm;vdkY&wJhqdkif wpf
'gZifxufrenf; &SdwmyJ[m? uJyguGm? armif;prf;yg}}
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]]ta&SU½Gmawmh roGm;csifbl;uGm}}
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]]wjcm; b,fqdkifrSmaum &SdvdkYvJ? pm;yGJxdk; rdef;uav;awG rxm;&
vdkY trdefYxkwfxm;wmyJ[m}}
]][m; . . . [m; . . . wHk;csifa,mif aqmifraeprf;ygeJYuGm? ewforD;
ig;&mqdkifudk armif;}}
ewforD;ig;&mqdkwJh qdkifu &efukefqifajczHk; wpfae&mrSm &Sdw,f/
pm;yGJxdk; trsKd;orD;awG r&Sdygbl;/ odkYayr,fh olwdkYqdkifu rdom;pk 0dkif;vkyf
MuwJh vkyfief;vdkYqdkw,f/ qdkif&Sif vifr,m;&,f? wlrawG? nDrawG&,f
0dkifvkyfMuwmygwJh/
wpfckyJ/ wlrawG? nDrawGqdkwmu q,f0rf;uGJavmuf jzpfcsifjzpfrSm
ayghav/

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tcef;xJrSm xdkifMujcif;onf at;at;0if;u atmifpdk;udk olYcspfoltjzpf
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udk ywfcsnfxm;aom vufokwfyk0gudk vufxdyfwpfckudk jzKwfzdkY BudK;pm;
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tyltat;uvnf; taeawmfjzpfonf/
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uvJ ig;ajcmufoHk;aumifudk atmifpdk;xrif;Al;xJ jyefxnfhay;onf/
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jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif
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jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif
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jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif
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jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif
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jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif
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jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif
159
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This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost.


Commercial use of this book will be at your OWN RISK!

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olwdkYonf cifrifaygif;oif;vmcJhonfrSm MumNyDjzpfí wpfa,muf


taMumif; wpfa,mufodaeMuNyD/ at;at;0if;twGuf xdkuJhodkY ypönf;wdkY
t0wftxnfwdkY wpfqifh,la&mif;ay;NyD; oHk;pGJzdkY aiG&Sm&onfh udpörSm
tqef;r[kwfawmhacs/ xdktaMumif;ajym&ef oli,fcsif;awGuvnf; [dk;
t&ifuvdk tm;emaep&m rvdkawmhacs/

This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost.


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jyefajym&rSef;rodatmif jzpfaew,f/ wpfcgrS rcHpm;&zl;wJh cHpm;rIrsKd;udk
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cspfxGwfwif&UJ vufwpfzufu vdIifxdyfxm;OD;&JU vufcHkuav;udk
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tdk . . . olY&JU vufawGuvnf; at;pufaewmygyJvm;/
EIwfcrf;awGuawmh aEG;axG;aerSmyJ xif&JU/

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tazu . . .

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tazu pykwfwkid fudk oHuGif;0dkif;jzifh &pfí csdefae&mrS . . .


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This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost.


Commercial use of this book will be at your OWN RISK!

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This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost.


Commercial use of this book will be at your OWN RISK!

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