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Consolidated list of

goods subject to
security expo,rt
control
THE ATTENTION of manufacturers and exporters is drawn to the
following Schedule of goods which replaces the list appearing in the
Board of Trade Journal for October 8, 1969 (as amended). This
Schedule defines goods which may be subject to export restrictions
for reasons of national security. The licensing requirement applies to
most destinations but the security implications arise principally in
relation to exports to Albania, Bulgaria, China, Czechoslovakia,
the Eastern Zone of Germany, Hungary, Mongolia, North Korea,
North Vietnam, Poland, Romania and the USSR. For other
destinations licences will be more freely available, but restrictions
will apply in some cases, particularly for goods in the ML and AB
lists.
The restrictions do not represent a total ban on exports, even to the
areas named above, of all goods in the Schedule. Export licences will
be allowed for many types of goods, but each case is considered in-
dividually. Goods covered by the notes in italics will be allowed in
most normal circumstances and in other cases applications will be
considered provided they are accompanied by full supporting informa-
tion, including a precise description of the goods involved, the use to
which they are to be put and the ultimate user of the goods. It should be
noted that this type of information, where available, greatly assists
in the provision of any export licences.
The purpose of these restrictions may be defeated if the countries
mentioned above are supplied with technological information
relating to the goods appearing in the Schedule. Great care should,
therefore, be taken to prevent this happening-for example, when
technicians or students from these countries are visiting or being
trained at British factories. Where manufacturers or exporters wish
to conclude agreements involving the supply of technology to any
of these countries, they should consult the Department of Trade &
Industry(CRE4 or the sponsoring branch for the industryconcerned).
This particularly applies to any case where it seems that the tech-
nology involved might assist the manufacture of goods in the Sched-
ule.
The Schedule is prepared for general information and guidance. It
does not, in this form, have the force of law, nor does it deal with
all goods which are subject to export licensing control. For the
complete Schedule of goods which currently require licensing, ref-
erence should be made to the Export of Goods (Control) Order, 1970,
as amended. Amendments will shortly be made to this Statutory
Order to give effect to the changes shown in the Schedule. Addition-
ally, manufacturers and exporters are advised that this list is not
necessarily exhaustive and that further amendments may be issued
from time to time-indeed it is hoped that the first amendment sheet
will not be long delayed. Any amendments will also be reflected in
similar amendments to the Statutory Order.
General inquiries about the Schedule should be addressed to the
Commercial Relations and Exports Division (CRE4), Department
of Trade & Industry, Dean Bradley House, 52 Horseferry Road,
London SW1P 2AG (telephone number 01-799 5688, ext. 20 or 22)
or to the appropriate sponsoring branch for the industry. Applica-
tions for export or transhipment licences should be addressed to the
Export Licensing Branch, Department of Trade & Industry, Norman
Shaw Building (North), Victoria Embankment, London SWIA 2JB
(telephone number 01-930 4349) to whom inquiries should be made
in any case of doubt as to whether export licences are required.
Further copies of the Schedule may be obtained from either the
Export Licensing Branch or CRE4.
Munitions list
M.L.t. Small arms and machine guns, as follows:
(a) Rifles, carbines, revolvers, pistols, machine pistols and machine
guns;
(b) All specifically designed components and parts therefore
Pistols (non-automatic or semi-automatic) for short range (less than 25
metres) defence and having a calibre ofless than 9 mmparabellum,· Sportint
or hunting weapons having at least one rifled and one smooth-bore barrel,·
Rifled-bore sporting or hunting weapons with manually operated cart-
ridge ejection and reloading, and having a magazine capacity limited to
5 cartridges,· and
Rifles, carbines or pistols designed only for sporting purposes or capable 0/
being used only for ornamental purposes.
M.L.2. Large calibre armament or weapons and projectors, as follows:
(a) Guns, howitzers, cannon, mortars, tank destroyers, projectile and
rocket launchers, military flame throwers, recoilless rifles;
(b) Millitary smoke, gas and pyrotechnic projectors;
(c) All specifically designed components and parts for the foregoing.
M.L.3. Ammunition and all specifically designed components and parts
thereof, for the weapons enumerated under Items M.L.t and M.L.2.
Target ammunition,·
Cartridges with an expanding bullet of the type usedfor hunting or sport,·
providedthat such ammunition is for weapons described in the Note to M.L.t.
M.L.4. Bombs, torpedoes, rockets and missiles (guided or un-guided), as
follows:
(a) Bombs, torpedoes, grenades (including smoke grenades), smoke
canisters, rockets, mines, missiles (guided or unguided), depth charges,
fire bombs, incendiary bombs, and military demolition charges, de-
vices and kits, pyrotechnic flare signals for military use, cartridges and
simulators; and all specifically designed components and parts therefor;
(b) Apparatus and devices specifically designed for the handling, control;
activation, launching, laying, sweeping, discharging, detonation or
detection of items enumerated in sub-item (a); and all specifically
designed components and parts therefor;
(c) Military fuel thickeners specifically formulated for the purpose of
producing materials which, when added to petroleum products,
provide a gel-type incendiary material for use in bombs, projectiles,
flame throwers or other implements of war.
M.L.5. Fire control equipment and range finders, as follows:
(a) Fire control, gun laying, night sighting, missile tracking and guidance
equipment;
(b) Range, position and height finders, and spotting instruments specially
designed for military purposes;
(c) Aiming devices, electronic, gyroscopic, acoustic and optical, specially
designed for military purposes;
(d) Bomb sights, bombing computers, gun sights and periscopes, specially
designed for military purposes;
(e) Television sighting units specially designed for military use;
(f) Components, parts, accessories, and attachments specifically designed
for the articles enumerated in sub-items (a), (b), (c), (d) and (e) above.
M.L.6. Tanks, and vehicles specially designed for military purposes, as
follows:
(a) Tanks and self-propelled guns;
(b) Military type armed or armoured vehicles and vehicles fitted with
mountings for arms;
(c) Armoured railway trains;
(d) Military half tracks;
(e) Military type recovery vehicles;
(f) Gun carriers and tractors specially designed for towing artillery;
(g) Trailers, specifically designed to carry ammunition;
(h) Amphibious and deep water fording military vehicles;
(i) Military mobile repair shops specifically designed to service military
equipment;
(j) All other specially designed military vehicles;
(k) Pneumatic tyre casings (excluding tractor and farm implement types)
of a kind specially constructed to be bullet proof or to run when
deflated;
(1) All specifically designed components and parts for the foregoing.
M.L.7 Toxicological agents, and tear gas, as follows:
(a) Biological, chemical and radio-active materials adapted for use in war
to produce casualties in men or animals, or to damage crops;
(b) Equipment specifically designed and intended for the dissemination of
the materials described in sub-item (a);
(c) Equipment specifically designed and intended for defence against the
materials described in sub-item (a), and for their detection and identi-
fication.
(d) Components and parts specially designed for the items listed in (b) and
(c) above;
(e) Tear gas and equipment for the dissemination thereof.
M.L.8. Powders, explosives, propellants and stabilisers therefor, as
follows:
(a) Powders and liquid or solid propellants for the articles enumerated in
Items 3, 4 and 7, and stabilisers therefor;
(b) Military high explosives and stabilisers therefor;
(c) Chemical base high energy solid or liquid fuels specially formulated
for military purposes;
(d) Fuming nitric acid.
Propellants andexplosives norn'ally usedfor civilian or industrial purposes or
made into cartridges or charges of an exclusively civilian or industrial
nature.
M.L.9. Vessels of war, and: special naval equipment, as· follows:
TRA!)1i A ~ ' D INDUSTRY 12 OCTOBER 1972 IJI
<a) Combatant vessels or vessels designed for offensive or defensive action
(surface or under-water) whether or not converted to non-military
use and regardless of current state of repair or operating condition,
and hulls or parts of hulls for such vessels;
(b) (1) Diesel engines of 1,500 horse power and over with rotary speed of
700 revolutions per minute or over, specially designed for sub-
marines;
(2) Electric motors specially designed for submarines ie, over 1,000
horse power quick reversing type, liquid cooled and totally
enclosed;
(3) Non-magnetic diesel engines, 50 horse power and over, specially
designed for military purposes;
An engine shall be presumed to be specially designed for military
purposes if:
(i) it has non-magneticparts otherthan crankcase, block, head, pistons,
covers, end plates, valve facings, gaskets and fuel, lubrication and
other supply lines; or
(ii) its non-magnetic content exceeds 75 per cent of total weight;
(c) Magnetic, pressure, and acoustic underwater detection devices specially
designed for military purposes; controls and components thereof;
(d) Submarine and torpedo nets;
(e) Compasses and equipment therefor and ship's course indicators,
specially designed for submarines;
(f) Components, parts, accessories and attachments for the foregoing
such as turrets, naval gun mounts. submarine batteries and catapults.
M.L.IO. Aircraft and helicopters, of the piloted or pilotless types and
aero-engines and aircraft or helicopter equipment, associated equipment
and components, specially designed for military purposes as set out
below:
(a) Combat aircraft and helicopters and other aircraft and helicopters
specially designed for military purposes, including military recon-
naissance, assault, military training and logistic support, and all
aircraft and helicopters having special structural features such as
multiple hatches, special doors, ramps, reinforced floors and the
like, for transporting and airdropping troops, military equipment
and supplies; aero-engines specially designed or adapted for use
with such aircraft and helicopters, with the exception of aero-engines
excepted under the note to Item 1460 (c) (Group E); and component
parts thereof;
(b) Airborne equipment, including airborne refuelling equipment, spec-
ially designed for use with the aircraft and helicopters and the engines
of the types of aircraft and helicopters covered by sub-item (a) and
component parts thereof;
(c) Pressure refuellers, pressure refuelling equipment, equipment specially
designed to facilitate operations in confined areas and ground equip-
ment not elsewhere specified, developed specially for aircraft and
helicopters, aircraft and helicopter engines covered by sub-item (a);
(d) Pressurised breathing equipment and partial pressure suits for use in
aircraft and helicopters; anti-'G' suits; military crash helmets; para-
chutes used for combat personnel, cargo-dropping, and aircraft
deceleration; liquid oxygen converters used for aircraft, helicopters
and missiles; catapults, and cartridge actuated devices utilised in
emergency escape of personnel from aircraft and helicopters.
M.L.II. Electronic equipment specially designed for military use; and
components and parts therefore
M.L.12. Photographic equipment, as follows:
(a) (1) Air reconnaissance cameras and associated equipment designed
and used for military purposes;
(2) Film processing and printing machines designed and used for
military purposes;
(b) Other cameras and other devices recording on film specially designed
and used for military purposes, and specialised equipment designed
to make the recorded information militarity useful;
(c) All specially designed components and parts for the foregoing.
M.L.13. Special armoured equipment, as follows:
(a) Armour plate:
(b) Military helmets;
(c) Body armour and flak suits;
(d) Components and parts specially designed for equipment in (c) above.
M.L.14. Specialised military training equipment, as follows:
(a) Specialised military training equipment; >
(b) Components, parts. attachments and accessories specially designed
for such equipment. ,
M.L.15. Military infra-red equipment and image intensifier equipment
and specialised components therefore
(See also items I.L.1S02 1555 and I.L. 1556.)
M.L.16. Munitions components and materials, as follows:
(a) Brass and Bronze fabrications for primer anvils, fabrications for
bullet caps (gilding metal clad steel), cartridge link, primer cap, shell
rotating band; ·
(0) Copper rotating bands for shells, and other copper munitions com-
ponents;
(c) Gilding metal clad steel;
(d) Rough steel forainas, steel and alloy castings for guns and for arms.
. ~ TRADE AND INDUSTRY 12 OCTOBER 1972
M.L.17. Miscellaneous equipment and materials, as follows:
(a) Self-contained diving and underwater swimming apparatus as follows:
(1) Closed and semi-closed circuit (rebreathing) apparatus;
(2) Specially designed components for use in the conversion of open-
circuit apparatus to military use;
(3) Articles exclusively designed for military use with self-contained
diving and underwater swimming apparatus;
(b) Bayonets;
(c) Fire arms silencers (mufflers);
(d) Power controlled searchlights and control units therefor, designed for
military use;
(e) Construction equipment built to military specifications, specially
designed for airborne transport.
M.L.tS. (a) Specialised machinery, equipment, and gear specially de-
signed for the examination, manufacture, testing and checking of
the arms, ammunition, appliances and machines referred to in this
Group;
(b) Vibration testing equipment (except mechanical types), capable of
providing a thrust greater than 2,000 lb and specialised ancillary
equipment therefore
Equipment used to determine the safety data of explosives, as required by
the International Convention on the Transport of Dangerous Goods (CIM),
article 3 and 4 in Annex I RID, provided that such equipment will be used
only by the railway authorities of current CIM member countries for testing
explosives to transport safety standards, as follows:
(a) Equipment for determining the ignition and defiagration temperatures;
(b) Equipment for steel-shell tests:
(c) Drop hammers not exceeding 20 kg. in weight for determining the
sensitivity ofexplosives to shock,.
(d) Equipment for determining the friction sensitivity of explosives when
exposed to charges not exceeding 36 kg. in weight.
M.L.t9. Environmental chambers capable of pressures below lQ-4 Torr,
and specialised parts, components and ancillary equipment therefore
Explanatory Note: This item is not intended to cover equipment fitted
with such industrial machinery as is not described in this list such as
coating machinery not elsewhere specified, and equipment for the casting
of plastics.
M.L.20. Cryogenic equipment, as follows:
(a) equipment designed for maintaining an ambient temperature below
-170° centigrade ( - 274
0
Fahrenheit):
(1) Designed for use in marine, airborne or space applications; or
(2) Ruggedised for mobile ground use;
(b) Electrical, magnetic and electronic equipment or components, and
electrical conductors, specially designed for operation continuously or
discontinuously at ambient temperatures below -170° centigrade
(-274° Fahrenheit) as follows:
(1) Superconductive metals, alloys, compounds, composites and
intercalate materials, except wire (filaments) having a cross-
sectional area of 4.42 x 10-
3
sq. mm. (or 75 microns diameter) or
greater;
(2) Components, the following:
(i) Josephson effect devices
(ii) Dayem bridges
(iii) proximity effect bridges
(iv) super-normal-super (SNS) proximity devices
(v) memory and logic devices
(vi) phase slip devices;
(3) High field-high current density super-conductive magnets rated
for producing magnetic fields of 30 kilogauss or greater at current
densities of 10,000 amperes per square centimetre or greater and
specialised components therefor, except magnets with coil out-
side diameter greater than 5 cm. and less than 50 cm.
(4) Superconducting electrical equipment (rotating machines and
transformers) designed for use in marine or airborne applications,
and specialised components therefor;
(c) Specially designed accessories, sub-assemblies, parts or components
for sub-items (a) and (b).
Niobium-tantalum superconductive alloy wire or composite in quantities not
exceeding 10 kilograms.
M.L.22. Electrically triggered shutters of the carbon injection or photo-
chromic function type having a shutter speed of less than 100 micro-
seconds, except shutters which are an essential part of a high speed
camera.
Atomic energy list
A.E.I. Source (fertile) the fissionable materials, including, but not
limited to, the following eight items:
(a) Minerals, raw and treated (including residues and tailings), which
contain either uranium or t h ~ r i u m or any combination thereof, exceed-
ing 0.05 per cent by weight, as follows:
(i) Ores containing uranium including pitchblende;
(ii) Monazite and monazite sands;
(Hi) Ores containing thorium including urano-thorianite;
(b) Natural uranium, unwrought or wrought, including alloys and
compounds of natural uranium, having a uranium content exceeding
0.05 per cent, excepting medicinals;
(c) Uranium 233, alloys containing uranium 233 and compounds of
uranium 233;
(d) Uranium enriched in the isotope 235, alloys containing uranium
enriched in the isotope 235, and compounds of uranium enriched
in the isotope 235;
(e) Irradiated uranium containing plutonium; ,
(f) Plutonium, alloys containing plutonium and compounds containing
plutonium;
(g) Thorium, unwrought or wrought, and alloys and compounds con-
taining thorium excluding alloys containing less than 1.5 per cent of
thorium by weight and except medicinals;
(h) Irradiated thorium containing uranium 233.
(a) Individual shipments of up to 100 kg of contained thorium in com-
pounds and up to 1 kg of thorium metal,'
(b) Individual shipments of up to 1 kg of natural and/or depleted
uranium;
(c) Individual shipments of up to 1,000 kg of depleted uranium if con-
tained in shielding specially designed for teletherapy, radiography
or radioactive thermo-electric generators, and supplied together
with such apparatus;
(d) Subsequent shipments of fuel for civil research and power reactors
exported under the Note to Item A.E.36,o
(e) Individual shipments ofup to 1/100 micro-curie ofmaterials described
in (c), (d), (e), (f) and (h);
(f) Depleted uranium fabricated in the form of counterweights either
installed as integral parts of or supplied as replacements part for
aircraft not described in this list.
(g) Individual shipments of up to 100 mg of materials described in (d)
and (f) above in the form of targets for nuclear research purposes
provided that the material is subject to the Safeguards System of
the International Atomic Energy Agency.
(h) Individual shipments of up to 1,000 kg of thorium nitrate (mantle
grade) for use in the production of thoriated gas mantles.
A.E.S. DeuteriulTI and production equipment therefor, as follows:
(a) Deuterium and compounds, mixtures and solutions containing
deuterium, including heavy water and heavy paraffins, in which the
ratio of deuterium atoms to hydrogen atoms exceeds 1:5,000 by
number;
(b) Plant a n ~ equipment specially designed for the production and/or
concentration of deuterium oxide.
Individual shipments containing up to 10 kg of deuterium, except as
limited by sub-item A.E.35 (b);
Subsequent shipments of deuterium for use in reactors exported under
the Note to Item A.E.36.
A.E.8. Zirconium metal, alloys containing more than 50 per cent zir-
conium by weight and compounds in which the ratio of hafnium content
to zirconium content is less than one part to 500 parts by weight, and
manufactures wholly thereof.
(a) Individual shipments of up to 5 kg of hafnium-free zirconium;
(b) Individual shipments of up to 200 kg of hafnium-free zirconium in the
form of foil or strip having a thickness not exceeding 0.00095 in. and
specially fabricated and intended for use in photo flash bulbs,'
(c) Finished parts of zirconium metal or its alloys specially designed for
an identified civil research or power reactor provided that none of the
parts contain fissile materials and the importing country has agreed to
the application of the safeguards of the International Atomic Energy
Agency (IAEA) to the nuclear reactor facility;
(d) One-time shipments not exceeding 100 kg of contained zirconium
metal or parts made therefrom when intended for use in or in support
of, an identified civil research or power reactor facility over which it is
contemplated that lAEA safeguards would be applied.
A.E.II. Nickel as follows:
Powder, having a nickel content of not less than 99 per cent and a particle
size of less than 100 microns; and Porous metal having a mean pore size
not exceeding 25 microns and a nickel content of not less than 99 per
cent except single porous nickel metal sheets not exceeding 144 in
2
(930
cm
2
) for use in batteries with civil applications.
(See also Item I.L. 1661).
Explanatory Note: Porous nickel as defined above refers to porius metal
manufactured from nickel powder as defined above, which has been
compacted and sintered to form a metal materia! with fine pores inter-
connected throughout the structure.
Nickel powder in uncompacted powder form not made by the carbonyl
process.
Individual shipments of up to 50 kg of nickel powder in uncompacted
powder form made by the carbonyl process.
A.E.12. Beryllium metal and manufactures wholly thereof, except
beryllium windows for medical X-ray machines; alloys containing more
than 50 per cent of beryllium by weight; oxides and other compounds
Individual shipments of the above products containing up to:
500 g of beryllium of a purity of 99 per cent or less; or
100 g of beryllium (except single crystals), with a purity greater than
99 per cent; or
5 kg of beryllium contained in compounds with a purity of less than
99 per cent.
A.E.14. Fluorine.
Shipments containing up to 25 kg offluorine
A.E.IS. Chlorine trifluoride.
Shipments containing up to 5 kg of chlorine trifluoride
A.E.18. Equipment specifically designed for the separation of isotopes of
uranium and/or lithium.
A.E.19. Machines, materials or equipment specially designed for use
in the processing of irradiated nuclear materials in order to isolate or
recover fissionable materials, such as nuclear reactor fuel chopping
machines, countercurrent solvent extractors, and specially designed parts
and accessories therefore
A.E.23. Any plant specially designed for the production of uranium
hexafluoride (UF6)'
A.E.24. Valves, 3 cm or greater in diameter, with bellows, seal, wholly
made of or lined with aluminium, nickel, or alloy containing 60 per cent
or more nickel, either manually or automatically operated.
Metal to metal seat valves for non-atomic energy purposes.
A.E.29. Gas centrifuges capable of the enrichment or separation of
isotopes and specially designed parts and equipment for gas centrifuges and
gas centrifuges installations.
Gas centrifuges specially designed for industrial use and not suitable for
atomic energy production use.
A.E.30. Blowers and compressors (turbo, centrifugal and axial flow types),
wholly made of or lined with aluminium, nickel, or alloy containing 60
per cent or more nickel, and having a capacity of 60 cubic feet per minute
(1,700 litres per minute) or greater.
A.E.31. Electrolytic cells for the production of fluorine with a production
capacity greater than 250 g or fluorine per hour; majorcomponents thereof.
A.E.33. Heat exchangers suitable for use in gaseous diffusion plants, i.e.
heat exchangers made of aluminium, copper, nickel, or alloy containing
more than 60 per cent nickel, or combinations of these metals as clad
tubes, designed to operate at sub-atmospheric pressure, with a leak rate
of less than 1(T4 atmospheres per hour under a pressure differential of 1
atmosphere.
A.E.34. Artificial graphite having a boron content of less than or equal to
1 part per million, the total thermal absorption cross section being less
than or equal to 5 millibarns per atom.
(See also Item I.L. 1673).
Individual shipments of up to 100 kg. of artificial graphite as specified
above;
Subsequent shipments of artificial graphite as specified above in reactors
exported as exceptions to Item A.E.36 as defined in the note thereto.
A.E.3S. Lithium, as follows:
(a) Metal;
(b) Hydrides, in which lithium, whether normal, depleted or enriched in
the 6 isotope, is compounded with hydrogen or its isotopes or com-
plexed with other metals or aluminium hydride;
(c) Alloys, as follows:
(l) Magnesium-based alloys containing 10 per cent or more lithium
(2) Containing 50 per cent or more of lithium either normal or
depleted in the 6 isotope; or
(3) Containing any quantity of lithium enriched in the 6 isotope; or
(d) Any other material containing lithium enriched in the 6 isotope,
including compounds, mixtures and concentrates.
Shipments containing up to 1 kg. of lithium metal not enriched in the
6 isotope or up to 10 kg. of lithium hydride, either completed with other
metals or not, in which the lithium is not enriched in the 6 isotope and is not
compounded with the heavier isotopes ofhydrogen.
A.E.36. Nuclear reactor, i.e. reactors capable of operation so as to main-
tain a controlled, self-sustaining fission chain reaction; major components
designed or intended for use in a nuclear reactor such as reactor vessels,
core support structures, coolant pumps, fuel element handling equipment,
heat exchangers and control rod drive mechanisms; power generating andl
or propulsion equipment not elsewhere specified, specially designedfor use
with nuclear reactors.
Civil research andpower reactors provided that countries to which they are
destinedsupport theInternational AtomicEnergyAgencysystemofsafeguards.
A.E.31. Hafnium metal, and alloys and compounds of hafnium con·
taining more than 15 per cent hafnium by weight.
Shipments of up to 1 kg. of contained hafnium.
A.E.38. Calcium containing both less than one-hundredth (0.01) per cent
by weight of impurities other than magnesium and less than 10 parts per
million of boron.
Shipments containing up to 25 kg. calcium as defined above.
A.E.39. Tritium, its compounds, and their mixtures in which the ratio
of tritium to hydrogen by atorns exceeds one part in 1,000.
Explanatory Notes:
(1) The only compounds and mixtures excluded by this definition are
those where the separation of the tritium from it:> compounds cannot
'·RA[)'.; AND INDUSTRY 12 OCTOBER 1972 •
result in the evolution of an isotopic mixture of hydrogen in which the
ratio of tritium to hydrogen by atoms exceeds one part in 1,000.
(2) The quantities of tritium specified below contained in the following
sJ?C:cified classes of products are excluded from coverage by this defi-
nItIon:
(a) Labelled compounds not exceeding 100 curies per shipment;
(b) Self-luminous products, gas and aerosol detectors, electron tubes,
lightning or static electricity gradient meters, devices designed for
the ionisation of air, including static elimination devices, ion
generating tubes, detector cells of gas chromatography devices,
and calibration standards;
provided that each product or device contains not more than 40
curies of tritiumin any chemical or physical form.
Individual shipments containing up to 100 curies of tritium, except as
limited by sub-item (b) ofA.E.35;
Individual shipments containing up to 500 curies of tritium when con-
tained in luminous paint, or in a paint constituent.· in the form of tritium
activated zinc sulphide phosphor in which the tritiating agent is a com-
pound containing part of its chemically bound hydrogen in the form of a
tritium isotope.
A.E.40. Neutron generator tubes designed for operation without an
external vacuum system, and utilising electrostatic acceleration to induce
a tritium-deuterium nuclear reaction.
Types technically the same as those already exported.
A.E.41. PrOcess control instrumentation specially designed or modified
for monitoring or controlling the processing of irradiated fissionable or
fertile materials or irradiated lithium.
(See also Item A.E.19).
Industrial list
Group A. Metal-Working Machinery
1016. Grinding heads and spindle assemblies (consisting of spindles and
bearings as a minimal assembly) designed or rated for operation at speeds
inexcess of 120,000 revolutions per minute and machines specially designed
for the utilisation of such grinding heads.
Explanatory Note: This definition does not cover hand-held drills.
1072. Presses and specialised controls, accessories and parts therefor,
as follows:
(a) Presses (stabilised equipment using rams) for applying high impact
energy work forces through use of explosives or compressed gases
including air;
(b) Presses specially designed or redesigned for the working or forming
of metals, alloys or other materials with a melting point exceeding
1,900
0
centigrade;
(c) Hydraulic presses as follows:
(i) Vertical presses having a total rated force of over 10,000 tons:
(ii) Horizontal presses having a total rated force of over 5,000 tons.
(d)IIsostatic press systems as follows:
(i) capable of achieving a maximum w o r k i n ~ pressure of 20,000
tb/inS (l,406 kg/cmI) or greater and possessing a chamber cavity
with an inside diameter in excess of 16 in. (40.6 cm), or
(ii) capable of achieving a maximum working pressure of 5,000
Ib./in
'
. (351 kg./cm-,) or greater, and having a controlled thermal
environment within the closed cavity, except those possessing a
chamber cavity with an inside diameter of less than 5 in. (127 mm.)
and which are also capable of achieving and maintaining a con-
trolled thermal environment only between + 80
0
centigrade and
- 35° centigrade.
Explanatory Note: Isostatic presses are those capable of pressurising a
closed cavity through various media (gas, liquid, solid particles, etc.) to
create equal force in all directions within the cavity upon a work-piece or
material.
(e) Control equipment, accessories and parts which ar specially designed
for the above presses.
Hydraulic presses described in sub-item (c) not specially designed for
use in forming aircraft, missile or space vehicle parts, in powder metal-
lurgy or in ceramics production where the total rated force is less than
30,000 tons for vertical presses and 10,000 tons or less for horizontal presses.'
and
Parts included in sub-item (e) to service presses previously exported under
the first part of this note.
1075. Spin-forming and flow-forming machines, double support or three
roller types, as follows:
(a) Horizontal spindle type designed to have and having a drive motor of
80 h.p. (59 kW.) or more;
(b) Vertical spindle type designed to have and having a drive motor of
SO h.p. (37 kW.) or more.
1080. Machines and equipment specially designed for making or measur-
ing gas turbine blades.
70 TRADE AND INDUSTRY 12 OCTOBER 1972
1081. Machinery for use in the manufacture of aircraft, as follows:
(a) Machinery specially designed for the working or forming of air-
craft sheet, plate or extrusion;
(b) Machinery specially designed for the milling of aircraft skin.
1086. Machines specially designed for the manufacture of jet engines, the
following:
(a) Jet engine compressor case boring machines;
(b) Jet engine compressor or turbine disc turning machines;
(c) Jet engine rotor grinders.
1088. Gear making and/or finishing machinery, as follows:
(a) Gear grinding machines, generating type, capable of accepting gear
blanks of 36 in. (914 mm.) work diameter or more;
(b) Gear grinding machines, generating type, designed to grind gears to
a face-width of 7 in. (177 mm.) or more, for the production of helical
or herring-bone gears.
(c) Capable of the production of gears of a module finer than 0.5 mm.
(diametral pitch finer than 48) and meeting a quality standard better
than DIN 58405 Class 7.
Explanatory Note: If rated in AGMA or Admiralty standards and not
rated in DIN 58405, AGMA 10 or Admiralty Class 11 shall be considered
. to be the equivalent of DIN 58405 Class 7.
1091. Numerical control systems, as follows:
(a) Units for numerically controlling co-ordinated simultaneous (con-
touring and continuous path) movements of machine tools and dimen-
sional inspection machines in two or more axes, except units having
all of the following characteristics:
(i) Hardwired;
(ii) No more than 2 axes can be simultaneously co-ordinated;
(iii) Tape reader speed equal to or less than:
(1) 300 characters per second for non-buffered units, or
(2) 150 characters per second for buffered units;
(iv) Minimum programmable increment equal to or greater than
0.0001 in. (0.002 mm.);
(v) Without interface to allow direct computer input.
(b) Machine tools and dimensional inspection machines equipped or
capable, according to the manufacturer's technical specifications, of
being optionally equipped with controls covered by sub-item (a) above,
except:
(i) boring mills, milling machines, and machining centres, having all
of the following characteristics:
(1) Maximum slide travel in any axis equal to or less than 8 ft.
(2,400 mm.);
(2) Positioning accuracy of any axis equal to or greater than ±
0.0004 in. per foot and 0.0002 in. for each additional foot
(± 0.01 mm. per 330 mm. and 0.005 mm. for each additional
300 mm.);
(3) Maximum contouring feed rate for metal cutting equal to or
less than 100 in. per minute (2,500 mm. per minute);
(4) Spindle horsepower equal to or less than 25 (20 KiloWatts);
(5) Single spindle head;
(6) Not more than three numerically controlled axes of which no
more than two can be simultaneously co-ordinated.
(ii) machine tools (other than the machines described in (i) above) and
dimensional inspection machines having all of the following character-
istics;
(1) Positioning accuracy of any axis equal to or greater than ±
0.0004 in. per foot and 0.0002 in. for each additional foot (±
0.01 mm. per 300 mm. and 0.005 mm. for each additional 300
mm.);
(2) Not more than three numercially controlled axes of which no
more than two can be simultaneously co-ordinated.
(c) Specially designed sub-assemblies which can upgrade the capabilities
of numerical control units and machine tools either so that they would
be covered by sub-items s(a) or (b) above, or so that they would cease
to be covered by the Notes below.
(a) Boring mills, milling machines and machining centres having all of the
following characteristics:
(1) Maximum slide travel in any axis equal to or less than 6 ft. (1,800
mm.);
(2) Positioning accuracy of any axis equal to or greater than ± 0.0004
in. per foot and 0.0002 in. for each additional foot (± 0.01 mm. per
300 mm. and 0.005 mm. for each additional 300 mm.);
(3) Single spindle head,'
(4) Maximum contouring feed rate for metal cutting equal to or less
than 100 in. per minute (2,500 mm. per minute);
(5) Spindle horsepower equal to or less than 25 (20 KiloWatts);
(6) Not more than three numerically controlled co-ordinated simultan-
eous axes.
(b) Machine tools (other than the machines described in sub-paragraph (a)
above) and dimensional inspection machines having all of the following
characteristics. :
(1) Positioning accuracy ofany axis equal to or greater than ± 0.0004
in..per foot and 0.0002 in. for each additional foot (± 0.01 mm.
per 300 mm. and 0.005 mm. for each additional 300 mm.).·
(2) Not more than three numerically controlled co-ordinated simultane-
ous axes.
(c) Numercial ..:ontrol units:
(1) Exported with the machine tool or dimensional inspection machine
(ie the machine tool or dimensional inspection machine is equipped
with a numerical control unit) exportable under the terms 0/ sub-
paragraph (a) and(b) ofthis Note, and
(2) Having all ofthe following characteristics:
(i) Hardwired,'
(if) No more than 3 axes can be simultaneously co-ordinated'
(ifi) Tape reader speed equal to or less than 300 charaete;s per
second for buffered and non-buffered units;
(Iv) Minimum programmable increment equal to or greater than
0.0001 in. (0.002 mm.),'
(v) Without interface to allow direct computer input.
Group B. Chemical and Petroleum Equipment
1110. Gas liquefying equipment, as follows:
(a) Equip.ment for the production of liquid hydrogen, except plants with a
capacity of less than one-and-a-half tons per 24-hour day and not
designed for, or capable of, the production of hydrogen slush'
(b) Equipment for the production of liquid fluorine. '
(c) Equipment for helium as follows;
(1) Equipment for the separation of helium from natural gases' and
(2) Equipment specially designed for the production of lambda-phase
helium (helium II);
(3) Other equipment for the production of liquid helium, except:
(i) Equipment which has a capacity of no more than 20 litres per
hour;
(H) Equipment with piston-expansion machines having a capacity
of no more than 50 litres per hour.
Equipment described in (c) (I).
1118. Equipment for the production of Inilitary explosives and solid
propellants, as follows:
(a) Complete installations;
(b) Specialised components;
(c) continuous types.
1129. Vacuum pumps, as follows:
(a) pumps having a higher capacity than 2,000 litres
of nitrogen per second;
(b) Diffusion pumps rated for unbaffied pumping speeds of more than
50,000 litres of nitrogen per second at pressures of 10-' mm. of
mercury or less;
(c) Cryopump systems (ie systems in which the circulation of liquefied
gas is used to achieve a vacuum, either static or dynamic, by lowering
the temperature of the environment) designed to operate at tempera-
tures of less than - 200°C (- 328°F) measured at atmospheric pressure
(d) Specially designed parts, controls and accessories for the above pumps.
•. Pumps (except vacuum pumps) having any of the following charac-
tensbcs. :
(a) Designed to move molten metals by electromagnetic forces:
(b) Specially designed for operation at temperatures below - 200°C
(-328°F).
(c) Having all flow contact surfaces made of 90 per cent or more tantalum
titanium or zirconium, either separately or combined, except
such surfaces are made of materials containing more than 97 per cent
and less than 99.7 per cent titanium.
(See also Item I.L. 1133).
1133. Valves, cocks and pressure regulators, as follows;
(a) Specially designed for operation at temperatures below - 200°C
( - 328°F); or
(b) Having all flow contact surfaces made of 90 per cent or more tantalum
titanium or zirconium, either separately or combined, except
such surfaces are made of materials containing more than 97 per cent
and less than 99.7 per cent titanium.
(See also Item 27 on the Atomic Energy List and Item I.L. 1131).
1142. Pipe, tubing and fittings made of, lined with or covered with poly-
tetrafluoroethylene as defined in Item 1754 (a) (1), polyvinylidenefluoride,
or the copolymers of tetrafluoroethylene and· hexafluoropropylene
chlorotrifluoroethylene and vinylidene fluoride or
and vinylidene fluoride except:
(i) 'Un-reinforced, non heat shrinkable tubing having an inner dia-
meter of 0.125 in. (3.17 mm.) or more;
(ii) Un-reinforced, heat shrinkable tubing having an inner diameter of
1.125 in. (28.57 mm.) or more before shrinkage;
(Hi) Reinforced tubing designed for pressures of 1,500 p.s.i. (105.45
. kg/s9. cm.) .or less,. whether or not equipped with fittings; and
(IV) Tubing haVing an Inner diameter of greater than 1 in. (25.4 mm.)
which has not been specially processed to make flow surfaces
electrically conductive.
Containers, jacketed only, for the storage or transportation of
gases at temperatures below -170° C (-127°F), including mobile
units, as follows:
(a) Specially designed for liquefied gases boiling at temperatures below
- 200°C ( - 328°F), having a liquid capacity of more than 250 gallons
(946litres) and an evaporation loss rate of less than 3 per cent per dayas
determined at an ambient temperature of 24°C (7S°F) and without
exposure to direct sunlipt;
(b) Specially designed for hquld ft.uorine;
(c) Mobile equipment specially designed for liquid oxygen, nitrogen or
argon having a capacity exceeding 1,200 gallons (4,S42 litres) and an
evaporation loss rate of less than 1.5 per cent per day as determined at
an ambient temperature of 24°C (75°F) and without exposure to direct
sunlight, except equipment with multi-Iaminar type insulation under
vacuum.
Containers described in sub-item (c).
Group C. Electrical and Power-Generating Equipment
1203. Electric vacuum furnaces as follows:
(a) Consumable electrode vacuum arc furnaces with a capacity in excess
of 5 tons;
(b) Skull type vacuum arc furnaces;
(c) Induction vacuum furnaces, as follows;
(i) cold crucible vacuum induction furnaces designed to operate at
pressures lower than 0.1 mm. of mercury and at temperatures
higher than 1,100°C (l,203°F);
(H) other vacuum induction furnaces designed to operate at tem-
peratures higher than 1,650°C (3,OO2°F);
excludi1?-g furnaces with a workpiece space of not more than 13,OOOcm.
'
and deSigned to operate at temperatures not higher than 1,900°C(3 4S2°F)
and furnaces with a workpiece space of not more than 3,200 cm.
single dimension (length, width, height or diameter) of that space in
excess of lOin. and designed to operate at temperatures not higher than
2,300°C (4,172°F);
(d) Resistance vacuum furnaces designed to operate at temperatures
higher than 1,650°C (3,002°F), excluding:
(i) furnaces for heat treatment:
(1) up to 12 in. (304 mm.) x 12 in. x 12in. (28,320cm.
S
), designed
for temperatures not higher than 2,300°C (4, 172°F);
(2) up to 600 cm. S designed for temperatures not higher than
2,700°C (4,860°F);
(H) Melting furnaces up to 3,200 cm
s
designed for temperatures not
higher than 2,300°C (4,172°F);
(e) Specialised parts and controls for the above furnaces.
1204. Electron beam equipment for the deposition of thin film, the coating
of thin film, or the working thereof; and specialised parts for the above
equipment.
Explanatory Note: It is not intended that this item covers: (a) equip-
ment using the 'sparking technique' . (b) continuous vacuum roll coating
machines having a voltage in excess of 20 KiloWatts, having a fixed elec-
tron beam gun and no accurate control of the thickness of the deposited
layer.
1205. Electrochemical, semi-conductor and radio-active devices for the
direct conversion of chemical, solar or nuclear energy to electrical energy
as follows: '
(a) Electrochemical devices, as follows:
(1) Fuel cells operating at temperatures of 200°C (392°F) or less
including regenerative cells, ie cells for generating electric power
to which all the consumable components are supplied from out-
side the cell; .
Explanatory Note: The temperature of 200°C (392°F) or less is in-
tended to refer to the fuel cell and not to the fuel conditioning equipment
which may be either an ancillary or an integral part of the fuel cell batterY
and which may operate at over 200°C (392°F).
(2) cells and batteries having any of the following:characteris-
tiCS:
(i) possessing a means of activation and having an open circuit
storage life in the unactivated condition, at a temperature of
21°C (70°F) of 10 years or more;
(ii) capable of operating at temperatures from below - 2S°C
(-13°F) to above 55°C (131°F) including cells and cell
assemblies (other than dry cells) possessing self-contained
heaters;
(iii) Utilising a lithium anode with lithium salt solute in organic
solvent (non aqueous) electrolyte and having an energy
density at the 24-hour discharge rate of greater than 100
Watt-hours per pound at 24°C (73°F) and greater than 35
Watt-hours per pound at - 29°C ( - 20°F).
Explanatory Note: Energy density is obtained by multiplying the
average power in watts (average voltage times average current in amperes)
by the duration of the discharge in hours to 90 per cent of the initial load
voltage and dividing by the total weight of the cell (or battery) in pounds.
As regards secondary (rechargeable) batteries, energy density is measured
after 500 charge/discharge cycles.
(3) Mechanically rechargeable leak-proof batteries having cells with
removable zinc plates with porous air electrodes and immersed in
electrolyte of potassium hydroxide;
(4) Molten salt electrolyte cells and batteries which normally operate
at temperatures of 150°C (302°F) or below;
(b) Photo-voltaic cells:
(1) With a power output of 8 Mill!Watts or more per sq. CID. under
100 MilliWatts per sq. cm. tungsten (2,800
0
K) illumination; or
AND INDUSTRY 12 OCTOBER 1972 71
(2).1\.11 gallium arsenide phot<rvoltaic cells excluding those having a
. ,'wwer, output of less than 4 MilhWatts measured by the above
technique; or
(3) With a power output of 450 MilliWatts or more per sq. cm. under
10 watts per sq. cm. silicon carbide (17S0
0
K) illumination;
(c) Power sources other than nuclear reactors based on' radio-active
materials systems, excluding:
(i) those having an output power of less than 0.5 watt and a total
weight of more than'200 lb;
(ii) those specially designed and developed for medical use within
the human body.
(See also Items I.L. 1550 and I.L. 1570).
(d) Specialised parts, components and sub-assemblies of the above devices.
(See also sub-Items I.L. 1570 (c) and (d).)
Fuel cells described in sub-item (a) (1) above, as follows: With a maxmum
operating temperature 0/ 100°C (212°F) using gaseous pure hydrogen and
oxygen/air reactants, alkaline electrolyte, and a catalyst support by carbon
either pressed on a metal mesh, electrode, or attached to a conducting porous
plastic.
Equipment described in sub-item (c) having an overall efficiency of
6 per cent or less (obtained by dividing the electrical output, expressed in
watts, by the thermal input, expressed in watts, this efficiency to be measured
at the beginning oflife), and an output power of0.5 watts or more.
1206. Electricarcdevicesfor generating a flow of ionised gas inwhichthe arc
column is constricted (except devices· wherein the flow of gas is for isola-
tion purposes only and devices of less than 100 KiloWatts for cutting,
welding, melting, plating and/or spraying); equipment incorporating such
devices; s ~ i a l l y designed parts, accessories and control or test equipment
for such deVIces.
Group D. General Industrial Equipment.
1305. Metal rolling mills, as follows:
(a) Sheet and strip mills more than 3-high (including dual-purpose mills
which can operate as either 2- or 4-high) which achieve special lateral
and/or longitudinal contour control by one or more of the following
means:
(1) Work rolls having a ratio of roll face length to roll diameter
which exceeds either:
6:1 for rolls with roll face length up to and including 30 in.
(762 mm.) or
5:1 for rolls with roll face length exceeding 30 in. (762 mm.);
(2) Work roll contour control achieved by concurrent deforming of
back-up rolls, back-up shafts or work rolls;
(3) Any other feature achieving special lateral and/or longitudinal
contour controls comparable to those achieved by (1) and (2)
above;
(b) Mills, specially designed or redesigned for the rolling of metals and
alloys with a melting point exceeding 1,900°C. .
(c) Specialised controls, parts and accessories for the above mtlls.
Explanatory Note: Sub-item (a) above relates to technical developments
which materially increase the capability of mills to meet the exceptionally
close tolerances required for military needs.
Hot mills possessing any of the characteristics described in sub-item
(a), if these characteristics do not present an improvement in kind and/or
quality on similar devices incorporated into operating mills of the same type
and size prior to January 1 of the year three years preceding the year of the
prop()sed export.
Cold mills possessing any of the characteristics described in sub-item (a),
if these characteristics do not present an improvement in kind and/or quality
011 similar devices incorporated into any operating cold mill before January 1
ofthe year three years preceding the year ofproposed export.
All controls, parts and accessories for the above mills.
Explanatory Note: The term 'improvement in kind and/or quality'
applies only to technical developments resulting in a material increase in
efficiency or reliability to achieve exceptionally close tolerances in lateral
and/or longitudinal contour required for military purposes.
1352. Machinery specially designed for the extrusion of tetrafluorethy-
lene polYmer and copolYmer coagulated dispersions or powders or pastes
derived therefrom, and parts and components therefor, and other machi-
nery specially designed for the manufacture of wire and cable described in
sub-item 1754 (c).
1353. Equipment specially designed for the manufacture of communica-
tion cable described in Item 1526.
Equipment specially designed for the manufacture of cable described in
sub-items 1526 (b) abd 1526 (c).
1355. Machinery and equipment for the manufacture of electronic
equipment, components and materials and related test gear, parts and
specIalised controls and accessories, as follows:
(a) For tubes (valves) and parts and sub-assemblies thereof:
(1) Equipment specially designed for the manufacture of types des-
cribed in this list, and
(2) equipment for automatic or semi-automatic assembly, testing andl
or sorting, except standard equipment for the assembly of enter-
tainment-type receiver tubes or television picture tubes not des-
cribed in Item I.L. 1541.
1Jxplanatory Note: The term 'automatic' refers to machinery not re-
72, TRADE AND INDUSTRY 12 OCTOBER 1972
quiring the assistance of a human operator to complete its function or
functions during each complete cycle of operations.
The term 'semi-automatic' refers to machinery requiring the assistance
of a human operator to complete part but not all of its functions during
each complete cycle of operations.
The term 'functions' above does not include the initial loading or final
unloading of material from the machine.
(b) For semi-conductor devices, electronic equipment and components
described in Item I.L. 1564(a) and (c), and parts, materials and sub-
assemblies thereof;
(1) Equipment specially designed for the manufacture of such types
and of any silicon transistor;
(2) Equipment for slicing, dicing, scribing, slice breaking, polishing
probing, testing and/or sorting;
(3) Bonders and welders;
(4) Masks;
(5) Equipment for the manufacture of masks of the creation of a
photosensitive pattern on the surface of a semi-oonductor or
insulating substrate; and
(6) Equipment for purifying or processing semi-conductor materials,
except equipment specially designed for the zone purification of
germanium.
Explanatory Note: It is understood that equipment for purifying and
processing includes equipment which performs one or more of the follow-
ing operations on semi-conductor materials.
(a) purifying beyond 99.9 per cent;
(b) equalising distribution of residual impurities;
(c) achieving controlled introduction of impurities (in one or more
stages of operation);
(d) producing monocrystalline material or forms (eg by drawing,
pulling, deposition) including forming on substrates;
(c) For depositing or printing on insulating materials or otherwise forming,
in situ, component parts other than basic wiring.
Equipment described in sub-item (a) (2).
1356 Machinery for the working of synthetic film used as a dielectric
(condenser tissue) or as magnetic recording tape, as follows:
(a) Vacuum metallising machinery specially designed for the continuous
strip roll coating with metallised sheathing or synthetic film used as a
dielectric in capacitors embargoed by Item 1560, capable of being used
with any of the following devices, whether or not equipped with such
devices:
(1) Cutting devices for slitting the film into strips suitable for capaci-
tors;
(2) Shadow masks or similar devices to achieve uncoated strips;
(3) Controls for the automatic correction of the coating process;
(4) Special devices to bum out the metal deposit on pinholes to
prevent electrical faults in the capacitors;
(b) Specialised components and parts for the above machinery;
(c) Equipments, components and parts specially designed for the con-
tinuous coating of polyester base magnetic tape intended for the
equipments described in Item 1572.
1357. Machines of which the motions for positioning, wrapping and
winding of fibres are co-ordinated and programmed in three or more
axes, specially designed to fabricate composite structures or laminates
from fibrous and :filamentary materials and the mechanical parts of the
machines, co-ordinating and programming controls, and specialised parts,
components and accessories therefore
1358. Machinery and equipment specially designed for the manufacture
of devices and assemblies thereof covered by sub-items 1588(b), (c), (d)
and (e) and for magnetic recording media other than tape covered by sub-
item 1572 (d) (for magnetic tape equipment, see Item 1356), as follows:
(a) Equipment for the manufacture of single and multi-aperture forms
covered by sub-items 1588 (b), (c) and d), as follows:
(1) Automatic presses;
(2) Press dies;
(3) Automatic equipment for monitoring grading, sorting, exercising
and/or testing;
(b) Equipment fqr the manufacture of thin film memory storage or switch-
ing devices having square hysteresis loops and automatic equipment
for monitoring, grading, sorting, exercising and/or testing of devices
covered by sub-item 1588(e);
(c) Automatic equipment for monitoring, exercising and/or testing assem-
blies of devices covered by sub-items 1588(b), (c), (d) and (e);
(d) Equipment for the application of magnetic coating to recording
media covered by sub-item 1572(d);
(e) Automatic and semi-automatic equipment for monitoring, grading,
exercising and/or testing recording media covered by sub-item 1572
(d);
(f) Specialised test equipment, parts and controls for the above.
Explanatory Notes:
(1) The term 'automatic' refers to machinery not requiring the assis-
tance of a human operator to complete its function or functions
during each complete cycle of operations.
(2) The term 'semi-automatic' refers to machinery requiring the assis-
tance of a human operator to complete part but not all of its
function during each complete cycle of operations.
(3) The term 'functions' in Notes 1 and 2 does not include the initial
loading or final unloading of material from the machine.
1361. Wind tunnels, as follows:
(a) Supersonic (Mach 1.4 Mach 5.5) hypersonic (Mach 5.5 to Mach 15)
and hypervelocity (above Mach 15) wind tunnels, except wind tunnels
specially designed for educational purposes and having a test section
size (measured internally) of less than 10 in. (25 cm.);
(b) Devices for simulating environments at velocities of Mach 1.4 and
above, including hot shot tunnels, plasma arc tunnels, shock tunnels,
shock tubes, gas tunnels and light gas guns;
(c) Specially designed parts and accessories for the above equipment.
Explanatory Note: The term 'test section size' refers to the diameter of
the circle, the side dimension of the square, or the longer side dimension
of the rectangle constituting possible shapes of the test section.
Supersonic wind tunnels which are capable of Mach velocities of 1.4 or
more but less than 4, and are not specially designed for or fitted with means
ofpreheating the air.
1362. Vibration testing equipment (except mechanical types) capable of
providing a thrust greater than 2,000 lb. (900 kg.) and specialised ancillary
equipmeNt therefor.
Group E Transportation Equipment
1416. Vessels as follows:
(a) Hydrofoil vessels;
Hydrofoil vessels not possessing significant rough water capability or
amphibious qualities provided the vessels are for normal civilian use and
do not incorporate advanced techniques.
(b) Sea-going vessels, including sea-going fishing vessels and coasters, and
hulls therefor, designed for speeds of over 26 knots when in full load
(design) condition, taking into consideration hull form (configuration)
as well as power plant;
(c) Vessels with hulls and propulsion machinery made wholly of primarily
of non-magnetic materials;
(d) New ships with decks and platforms specially designed or strengthened
to receive weapons.
(e) The Department of Trade and Industry should be consulted about any
vessel incorporating any item in this Schedule, or having arrangements
for demagnetisation.
(See also item ML9)
1430. Buoyant electric conducting cable suitable for sweeping magnetic
mines.
1431. Gas turbine engines for marine propulsion of 3,500 rated shaft
horse-power or more, whether originally designed as such or adapted for
such use from aero-engines.
1460. Aircraft and helicopters, aero-engines and aircraft and helicopters
equipment, as follows:
(a) Helicopters over 10,000 lb. (4530 kg.) empty weight and power trans-
mission systems therefor;
Explanatory Note: Empty weight is understood to include normal instal-
lation and normal minimum crew, but does not include fuel or pay-load.
(b) Aircraft and helicopters (other than those covered by sub-item (a)
above), except those not containing any Munitions List items and
which are of types and series which are in bona fide normal civil use.
(c) Aero-engines, except:
(i) Piston engines:
(ii) Jet engines of less than 5,000 lbs. (2,265 kgs.) thrust;
(iii) Turbo-prop or turbo-shaft engines of less than 2,500 horsepower
and with a residual thrust of less than 1,000 lbs. (453 kgs.);
(iv) Those for use in bona fide civil air-craft and helicopters;
(d) Ground and airborne equipment developed solely or used mainly
for aircraft and helicopters except ground or airborne equipment of
types in normal civil use.
(But see also Items I.L. 1485, I.L. 1501 and M.L. 10).
1485. Compasses, gyroscopes, accelerometers and inertial equipment, as
follows:
(a) Gyro compasses possessing one or more of the following character-
istics:
(1) automatic correction for the effects on compass accuracy of
changes in ship's speed, acceleration, or latitude, other than
manually set mechanical 'corrective devices;
(2) provisions for accepting ship's data as an electrical input;
(3) provision for setting in corrections for current set and drift;
(4) utilisation of accelerometer, rate gyro, rate integrating gyros, or
electrolytic levels as sensing devices;
(5) provisions for determining and electrically transmitting ship's
level reference data (roll, pitch) in addition to own ship's course
data;
(b) Integrated flight instrument systems for aircraft which include gyro-
stabilisers and/or automatic pilots;
. Explanatory Note: An integrated flight instrument system is a primary
display system of attitude and azimuth with facilities for
glying manoeuvre guidance information to the pilot and often integrated
WIth an auto-pilot to the extent of embodying a common unit for setting
up the required demands.
(c) Gyro-astro compasses and other devices which derive position and/ol
orientation by means of automatically tracking celestial bodies;
(d) Gyro-stabilisers used for other purposes than aircraft control except
those for stabilising an entire surface vessel; ,
(e) Automatic pilots used for other purposes than aircraft 'control,
except marine types for surface vessels;
(f) Accelerometers with a threshold of 0.005 g or less and/or a linearity
of less than 0.25 per cent of output over the operating range, which are
designed for use in inertial navigation systems or in guidance systems of
all types;
(g) Gyros and gyro-compasses, as follows:
(1) gyros with a rated free drift rate (rated free preces-
sl019 of less than 0.5 degree (l Slgma or r.m.s) per hour in a 1 g
envIronment;
(2) gyro compasses which incorporate gyros described in sub-item
(g) (1) above or which, when operated in a gyro compass mode,
have a compass error, before compensation, due to gyro drift
of less than 1/30 of a radian (6/Tt degrees of 1.918 degrees approx-
imately) at 0 degrees latitude;
(h) Inertial equipment using accelerometers described in sub-item (f)
above and/or gyros described in sub-item (g) (1) above, and systems
incorporating such equipment. ;
(i) Specially designed parts, components and test calibration and align..
ment equipment for the above, except for the specific equipment
exported under the Note to (b) below.
Equipment described in sub-item (b) provided:
(1) They are of types and series which have been in normal civil use for
more than two years and are standard equipment of aircraft ex-
cluded from control under Item I.L. 1460.
(2) The equipment is to be installed in civil aircraft.
Group F. Electronic Equipment including Communications and Radar
See also Item M.L.1l.
1501. Communication, navigation, direction finding and radar equipment:
See also sub-items M.L.20(b) and M.L.20(c) and sub-items I.L. 1485(b)
and I.L. 1485(h).
(a) Airborne communication equipment and specialised parts and com-
ponents therefor.
Standard commercial airborne equipment needed to equip civil aircraft
or as normal standard equipment incorporated in civil aircraft being exported
for civil commercial use provided that it contains none of the following
characteristics:
(1) Designed to operate at frequencies greater than 156 MegaHertz;
(2) Designed for Single Side Band Operation;
(3) Incorporating facilities for:
(a) the rapid selection ofmore than 200· channels per equipment or
(b) providing a multiplicity of alternative output carrier frequencies
controlled by a lesser number of piezoelectric crystals and not
forming multiples of a common control frequency,·
(4) Pressurised throughout,·
(5) Rated for continuous operation over a range of ambient temperatures
extending from below -55°C to above +55°C,·
(6) Designed for modulating methods employing any firm ofdigital modula-
tion using time and frequency redundancy such as 'Quantised Frequency
Modulation' (QFM),·
• Applications for licences for equipment operating in the frequency range
108-136 MegaHertz incorporating facilities for the rapid selection of 560
channels or fewer at not less than 50 KiloHertz channel spacing will be
consideredifthe equipment has been in normal civil use for at least one year.
(b) Navigation and direction finding equipment (and specialised parts
and accessories, specialised testing or calibrating equipment and train-
ing or simulating equipment, not elsewhere specified therefor), as
follows;
(1) airborne navigation equipment and direction finding equipment as
follows:
(i) Designed to make use of 'Doppler' frequency phenomena;
(H) Utilising the constant velocity and/or the rectilinear pro-
pagation characteristics of electromagnetic waves having
frequency less than 4-10
14
cycles per second (0.75 microns)·
(Hi) Radio altimeters the following: '
(a) Pulse modulated;
(b) Frequency modulated having an electrical output accur-
acy better than ± 3 ft. over the whole range between 0 to
100ft. or + 3 per cent above 100ft.;
(c) Frequency modulated which have been in normal civil
use for less than two years.
(iv) Direction finding equipment operating at frequencies greater
than 5 MegaHertz other than equipment designed for search
and rescue purposes provided that the receiver operates on a
crystal controlled fixed frequency of 121.5 MegaHertz and
that the determination of the D.F. bearing is not independent
of the heading of the aircraft and provided that the D.F.
antennae array is designed for operation at a fixed frequency
of 121.5 MegaHertz.
(v) Pressurised throughout;
(vi) Rated for continuous operation over a range of ambient
temperature extending from below -55°C to above +5S
o
C.
Navigation equipment described in sub-item b (1)(i) provided that it is to
be installed in Civil aircraft or helicopters, and is normal standatd eqUipment
ofa type installed in civil aircraft or helicopters.
Standard commercial airborne equipment, of the kind desctibf!d in sub-
items (b) (l) (if) and (iii), needed to equip civil aircraft, or as normal' stan-
dard equipment in civil aircraft being exportedfor civil cohtrttlJrcial use,pro-
TRADE-ANt· fNOUSTRY 12 Oct.)8EA ,..
vided that such equipment is equivalent in all characteristics andperformance
to standardequipment ofaircraft not covered by this Schedule, and which:
(a) for equipment coveredby sub-item 1501(b)(l)(ii), is in conformity
with leAD standards and assures no function exceeding those
resulting from such standards, and is not designed to make use of
hyperbolic grids at frequencies greater than 3 MegaHertz,·
(b) flir equipment covered by sub-item 1501 (b)(l)(iii) are frequency
modulated radio altimeters which have been in normal civil use
for a period of more than one year.
• Applications to export standard commercial airborne equip-
ment designed to make use of hyperbolic grids at frequencies of
less than 3 MegaHertz will be considered if co-ordinate conver-
sion equipment, which has been in normal civil use for less than
one year, or which could not be shipped under the provisions of
item 1565 is not included and is not separately supplied.
(2) ground and marine equipment for use with airborne navigation
equipment utilising the constant velocity and/or the rectilinear
propagation characteristics of electromagnetic waves having
frequency less than 4 x 10
14
cycles per second (0.75 microns);
Ground equipment for use at civil airports or for civil use in association
with airborne equipment described in the Note to sub-item (b) (1) (ii) above,
provided that such equipment:
is in conformity with leAD standards and assures no function exceeding
those resulting from such standards,· and
is not designed to make use of hyperbolic grids at frequencies greater than 3
MegaHertz.
(3) ground and marine direction finding equipment operating at
frequencies greater than 12 MegaHertz.
Equipment described in (b) (3), when:
(a) the equipment is to be installed at civil airports or for use on
civil air routes,·
(b) the equipment is designed to operate at frequencies between 12
MegaHertz and 157 MegaHertz, excluding single side band
equipment,.
(c) the equipment employs a loop system or a system employing a
number of spaced vertical aerials un(formly disposed around
the circumference of a circle, excuding electronically com-
mutated types.
(c) Radar equipment, and specialised parts and accessories, specialised
testing or calibrating equipment and training or simulating equipment
therefor, as follows:
(1) airborne radar equipment.
Equipment covered by this sub-item when it is to be installed in civil
aircraft, and which:
(a) has been in normal commercial service for at least one year;
(b) is specially designed for use as a commercial weather radar,·
(c) is a normal and reasonable equipment for such civil aircraft,·
(2) Ground and marine radar equipment having one or more of the
following features:
(i) Operating at a frequency not in normal civil use or at a
frequency of more than 10.5 GigaHertz;
(H) operating at a frequency of less than 3.5 GigaHertz and having
a peak output power from the transmitter greater than 1
MegaWatt; or operating at a frequency over the range of
3.5-10.5 GigaHertz and having a peak output power from the
transmitter greater than 250 KiloWatts:
(iii) operating at a frequency of less than 3.5 GigaHertz and having
a 80 per cent or better cumulative probability of detection*
for a 10 square metre target at a free space range of 120 nauti-
cal miles; or operating at a frequency over the range of 3.5-
10.5 GigaHertz and having 80 per cent or better cumulative
probability of detection for a 20 square metre target at a
free space range of 60 nautical miles.
(iv) Utilising other than pulse modulation with a constant and/
or staggered pulse repetition frequency in which the carrier
frequency of the transmitted signal is not changed deliber-
ately between groups of pulses, from pulse to pulse, or
within a single pulse;
(v) Utilising a Doppler technique for any purpose other than
M.T.I systems using a conventional double or triple pulse
delay line cancellation technique;
(vi) Including signal processing techniques which have been in
normal civil use for a period of less than two years;
(vii) Having been in commecial use for a period of less than one
year.
Secondary radar equipment described in sub-item (c) above designed for
civil air traffic identification and control purposes.
Radar equipment described only in sub-items (c)(2)(i), (ii) and/or (iii)
above, provided that both ofthe following conditions are met;
(i) it is specially designed for the surveillance and co-ordination of
airfield surface traffic,· and
(ii) it is to be installed at airports operating scheduled commercial
/lights.
Radar equipment described only in sub-items (c)(2)(ii) and/or Oil) above,
provided that all of the following conditions are met:
(i) operatingfrequency is less than 3.5 GigaHertz.
(it) peak output power from the transmitter does not exceed 2.5 Mega-
Watts,·
(iii) the cumulative probability ofdetection· for a 10square metre target
is 80per cent at a free space range not exceeding 200 nautical miles,·
74 TRADE AND INDUSTRY 12 OCTOBER 1972
(iv) pulse repetition frequency exceeds 300 pulses per second;
(v) it iE to be installed for air traffic control of scheduled international
commercial/lights.
Explanatory Note:
·The cumulative probability of detection is determined according to the
following parameters:
(1) Radial closing velocity of the target: 2,000 ft. per second (610 metres
per second);
(2) Probability of false alarm: 10-
8
;
(3) Operator factor: 3 decibel;
(4) Fluctuation of the target in accordance with Rayleigh distribution.
1502. Communication, detection or tracking equipment of a kind using
ultra-violet radiation, infra-red radiation or ultrasonic waves; and special-
ised parts therefore
Infra-red geodetic equipment covered by this item, provided that the
equipment is rated for measuring distances not exceeding 2,187 yards
(2,000 metres) and that it uses a reflector ofthe cathadioptric type.
Explanatory Note: This itemis not intendedtocover industrial equipment
employing cells not described in Item LL. 1548 or LL. 1550, nor to cover
cells and ultrasonic devices which operate in contact with a controlled
material to be inspected or when the properties of materials are to be
analysed. The item does not cover uses for industrial cleaning, sorting or
materials handling, industrial and civilian intrusion alarms, traffic and
industrial movement control, counting systems, medical applications,
simple educational or entertainment devices, or flame detectors for in-
dustrial furnaces.
See also Items M.L.I5 and I.L. 1555.
1507. 'Jamming' apparatus (ie apparatus specially designed to jam or
otherwise interfere with radio reception); and specialised parts therefore
1510. Location apparatus, underwater: apparatus for detecting or locating
objects under water by magnetic or acoustic or ultrasonic methods, and
specialised components of such apparatus, except marine depth sounders
of a kind used solely for measuring the depth of water or the distance of
submerged objects or fish and/or whales vertically below the apparatus.
Horizontally operating apparatus for fish and/or whale finding.
1514. Pulse modulators capable of providing electric impulses of peak
power exceeding 2.4 MegaWatts or of a duration of less than 0.1 micro-
second, or with a duty cycle in excess of 0.002; and pulse transformer,
pulse-forming equipment or delay lines being specialised parts of such
modulators.
1516. Panoramic and/or digitally controlled radio receivers which search
or scan automatically a part of the electromagnetic spectrum and indicate
or identify the received signals; and specialised parts and accessories
therefor, as follows:
(a) Panoramic radio receivers except ancillary equipment for com-
mercial receivers with which the frequency spectrum searched does
not exceed either ± 20 per cent of the intermediate frequency of the
intermediate frequency of the receiver or ±2 MegaHertz.
(b) Digitally controlled radio receivers in which the switching operation
takes less than 50 milliseconds.
Explanatory Notes: This item is not intended to cover
(a) Radio frequency analysers (see Item IL 1533) or field strength meters
(see Item IL 1529).
(b) Non-ruggedised receivers capable of digital control of frequency
selection, in which the frequency spectrum coverage is confined to the
range from 325 KiloHertz to 32 MegaHertz and in which the switching
operation does not take less than 10 milliseconds.
(c) Non-ruggedised digitally controlled pre-set type radio receivers
designed for use in civil communications which have 200 selective
channels or fewer.
1517. Radio transmitters and components (except radio link and relay
equipment) as follows:
(a) Transmitters or transmitter amplifiers designed to operate at output
frequencies greater than 235 MegaHertz, other than
(i) television broadcasting transmitters and amplifiers therefor
operating between 470 and 960 MegaHertz;
(ii) frequency-modulated and amplitude-modulated ground com-
munications equipment for use in the land mobile service and
operating in the 420 and 470 MegaHertz band, with a power out-
put of not more than 25 watts for mobile units and 100 watts
for fixed units;
(iii) amplitude-modulated radiotelephone equipment used for search
and rescue work operating on a frequency of 243 MegaHertz
with a carrier power not exceeding 100 milliwatts.
(b) Transmitters or transmitter amplifiers designed to provide any of the
following features:
(1) any system of pulse modulation (this does not include amplitude,
frequency or phase modulated television or telegraphic trans-
mitter);
(2) rated for operation over a range of ambient temperatures extend-
ing from below -40°C to above +55°C;
(3) designed to provide a multiplicity of alternative output frequencies
controlled by a lesser number of piezo-electric crystals, except
equipments in which the output frequency is selected only by
manual operation either on the equipment or on a remote control
unit and:
(i) those forming multiples of a common control frequency, or
(H) those in which the output frequency is a multiple of a com-
mon frequency which is not less than 1/1,OOOth part of the
oscillator frequency and is in steps of 1 KiloHertz or greater;
Equipment for use in specific civil communications stations
known to the exporting country, in which either:
(a) the output frequency is a multiple of a common frequency
which is not less than 1/100,000th part of the oscillator fre-
quency, is in steps of 10 Hertz or greater, and is confined to
the range from 325 KiloHertz to 32 MegaHertz; or
(b) the output frequency is not greater than 156 MegaHertz, is
derived from one or more common frequencies, and can be
adjusted in steps of not less than 25 KiloHertz.
(c) Components and sub-assemblies, including but not limited to inter-
mediate-frequency and power amplifiers and their parts, modulator
and modulation amplifiers, aerials, their filters and their connecting
devices, control equipment placed in racks, and maintenance equip-
ment, specially designed for transmitters covered by sub-items Ca)
and (b) above, except quartz crystals which are covered by Item IL
1587.
Systems containing transmitters or transmitter anlplifiers embargoed by
this item but having an output power of not more than 10 watts, which are
specially designed for carrying the information of industrial and civilian
intrusion detection and alarm systems, traffic and industrial movement
control and counting systelns, or environnlental pollution of air or water
detection systems.
Radio microphones embargoedby this iteln specially designedfor theatricaI
use with a rated output power not exceeding 50 milliwatts.
1518. Telemetering and telecontrol equipment suitable for use with air-
craft (piloted or pilotless), space vehicles or weapons (guided or un-
guided), and test equipment specially designed for such equipment.
Explanatory Note: This item is not intended to cover equipment and
parts therefor specially designed to be used for remote control of toys such
as nlodel planes and boats and having electric field strength of no more
than 200 microvolts per metre at a distance of 500 metres.
1519. Data communication equipment employing digital transmission
with digital input and output, including telegraphic and data transmission,
having any of the following characteristics:
(a) Designed for operation at a data signalling rate in bits per second,
excluding servicing and administrative channels, numerically exceed-
ing either:
(i) 1,200; or
(H) 65 per cent of the channel (or sub-channel) bandwidth in Hertz;
(b) Employing automatic error detection and correction systems having
both of the following characteristics:
Ci) re-transmission is not required for correction;
Cii) transmission speed exceeding 300 bits per second;
(c) Components, accessories and sub-assemblies, specially designed for
the above equipment.
Explanatory Notes: 'Data signalling rate' is as defined in the ITU
Recommendation 53-56, taking into account that for non-binary modula-
tion systems 'bauds' and 'bits per second' are not equal. Bits for coding,
checking and synchronisation functions are to be included.
In the case of systems designed to operate in once voice channel, 'band-
width' will be as defined in CCITT. Recommendation G.131, namely
3,100 Hertz. In the case of CCITT or CCIR voice frequency telegraph
systems, 'bandwidth' may be considered as the number of channels
times the channel spacing.
Equipment described in sub-iteln (a) above and components, accessories
and sub-assemblies therefor, to member countries of CCITT provided that:
It is to be permanently installed in a circuit operated by the civilian
authorities of the importing cottntry, and is to be used for general civil
traffic; and
The data signalling rate in bits per second, excluding servicing and
administrative channels, does not numerically exceed either 2,400 or 80 per
cent of the channel (or sub-channel) bandwidth in Hertz.
1520. Radio relay communications equipment, as follows:
(a) Equipment employing tropospheric, inosopheric or meteoric scatter
phenomena, and specialised test equipment therefor;
(b) Other radio relay equipment designed for use at frequencies exceed-
ing 300 MegaHertz, except equipment having none of the following
characteristics:
(i) designed for use at frequencies exceeding 470 MegaHertz;
(H) power output exceeding 10 watts;
(Hi) signal bandwidth at the input to the modulator exceeding the
limit specified in sub-item 1523(a);
(iv) for other than fixed service;
(c) Components, accessories and sub-assemblies, specially designed for
the above equipment.
Equipment described in sub-item (b) above and components, accessories
and sub-assemblies therefor, provided that:
It is specially designed for the transmission of television signals between
camera and studio or between studio and broadcast transmitter and not
exceeding a line of sight distance with respect to anyone installation: or
It is designed for member countries of the CCIR and
(0 is to be permanently installed in a circuit operated by the civilian
authorities of the importing country and is to be usedfor civil television
transmission (including closed circuit television) or for general civil
traffic,· and
(ii) no equipment described in sub-item I.L. 1523 (b) and exceeding the
limits specified in the note to Item 1523, is included.
1521. Amplifiers, oscillators and related equipment, as follows:
(a) Amplifiers designed to operate at frequencies in excess of 500 Mega-
Hertz;
(b) Tuned amplifiers having a bandwidth which exceeds 10 MegaHertz or
10 per cent of the mean frequency, whichever is less, except those
specially designed for use in community television distribution systems,
or for use in radio communications equipment in the HF band below
30 MegaHertz;
(c) Untuned amplifiers having a bandwidth which exceeds 10 MegaHertz,
but excluding those having a bandwidth up to 30 MegaHertz pro-
vided the power output does not exceed 5 watts;
(d) Direct current amplifiers, amplifying by whatever means, having
a noise level (referred to the input circuit) of 10-
16
watts or less and!
or a zero drift in 1 hour corresponding to a change in input power of
10-
16
watts or less:
(e) Parametric amplifiers with a noice figure of merit of 5 decibels or
less measured at a temperature of 17°C(63OF) paramagnetic amplifiers;
other amplifier or oscillator devices such as J\.1asers (but excluding
Lasers), which amplify or oscillate by means of stimulated electro-
magnetic radiation; specially designed parts therefor; any equipment
containing such amplifiers, oscillators or devices.
(For lasers see Item 1522).
Explanatory Notes:
(a) The bandwidth is defined as the band of frequencies over which the
power amplification does not drop to less than one-half of its maxi-
mum value. The mean frequency is defined as the arithmetic mean
between the frequencies at which the power amplification is one-half
of its maximum value;
(b) It is not intended that sub-item (d) should cover electrometers in-
corporating vibrating reed type DC amplifiers.
Equipment containing amplifiers or oscillators described in sub-item (e)
above:
(a) specially designed for medical applications;
(b) having an output power of not more than 10 watts, which is specially
designed for industrial and civilian intrusion detection and alarm
systems, traffic and industrial movement control and counting systems,
environmental, pollution of air or water detection system, or for simple
educational devices.
1522. Lasers and specially designed components and parts therefor and
any equipment containing lasers.
Explanatory Note: The term 'specially designed components and
parts' in the above definition is intended to include the active component
in semi-fabricated form as well as fabricated forms.
(a) Continuous wave, heliwn-neon gas lasers operating in the visible spec-
trum and with a rated minimum output power of 25 milliwatts or less,·
(b) Continuous wave argon lasers with a minimum rated output power of
2 watts or less;
(c) Continuous wave CO
2
lasers with a rated minimum output power of
500 watts or less in which the beam, electrical excitation and gas
flow, if any, are in the same direction,'
(d) Equipment containing lasers as set forth in (a), (b) and (c) above, which
is specially designed for industrial and civilian intrusion detection and
alarm systems, medical applications and simple educational devices,
traffic and industrial movement control and counting systems, and for
detection ofenvironmentalpollution ofair or water,·
(e) Optical spectrometers containing or employing as their monochromatic
sources lasers whose rated minimum output power does not exceed
2 watts,'
(I) Specially designed components, parts and spares for the above.
1523. Single and multi-channel communications transmission equipment,
including line or radio terminal, modem, multiplex, and intermediate
amplifier or repeater equipment, as follows:
(a) Employing analogue techniques, including frequency division multi-
plex (FDM), designed to deliver, carry or receive frequencies higher
than 150 KiloHertz into, or in, a communications system, except
carrier communications terrninals specially designed for power lines
and operating at frequencies below 1,500 KiloHertz;
(b) Employing digital transmission with analogue input and output,
including pulse code modulation (PCM), designed for use on com-
munication circuits, and specialised test equipment therefor;
(c) Components, accessories and sub-assemblies, specially designed for
the above equipment.
TRAD,E AN':> INDUSTRY 12 OCTOBER 1972 75
EquIpment described in sub-item (a) above, and components, Qccessories
and sulHlssemblies therefor, os follows:
(a) equipment to beinstalled in circuits directly connecting denselyiJopulated
, areas in countries listed in the preamble with communications
systems elsewhere, provided that the terminal and intermediate amplifier
or repeater equipment is designed to deliver, carry or receive not more
than 60 voice channels of 4 KiloHertz each;
(b) Equipment specially designed for the transmission to television signals
by cable between camera and studio and studio and broadcast trans-
mitter not exceeding 50 miles for a link with respect to anyone installa-
tion; (For radio relay links see Item I.L. 1520.)
(c) Equipment for other than submarine use provided that it is destined for
a member of the CC/TT and is to be permanently installed in a circuit
operated by the civilian authorities of the importing country and is to
be used for civil television transmission (including closed circuit tele-
vision) or for general civil traffic, as follows:
(i) Using video techniques designed to deliver, carry or receive one
monochrome or colour television signal with a maximum nominal
video bandwidth of6 MegaHertz and associated sound signals,·
(if) Designed to deliver, carry or receive not more than 960 voice channels
of 4 KiloHertz each.
1516. Communications cable, as follows:
(a) Submarine cable;
(b) Coaxial cable using a dielectric aired by discs beads, screw, spiral,
or other· means, except those having four or fewer cores none of
which has an inner diameter of the outer conductor of more than
12 mm. (0.472 in.);
(c) Secure communications cable, being either coaxial or multi-conductor
communications cable protected by mechanical and/or electrical
means from physical damage and/or intrusion in such a manner that
communications security is maintained between terminals without
the necessity for encryption.
Explanatory Note: Cable that is 'armoured' by only a tough outer
sheath or that is electro-magnetically screened only is not intended to be
covered by this sub-item. Equipment associated with cable described in
(a) and (b) will be considered separately under item I.L. 1523.
Cable as described in (a) and (b) above provided that, (a) submarine cable
is used in links with Western Countries (b) quantities of cable needed are
normal for civilian applications for the techniques concerned.
1527. All cypher machines, cryptographic and/or coding devices and
equipment, and associated equipment, usable on any transmission system
(telegraphy, telephony, facsimile, video, data), that is designed to ensure
the secrecy of communications and thus prevent clear reception by other
than the intended receiver.
Technical Note: This item is intended to refer to all the related equip-
ment for cypher machines and cryptographic and/or coding devices,
specialised assemblies, sub-assemblies and components, and equipment
containing components embargoed by this item. It is not intended to
refer to simple coding devices or equipment only ensuring the privacy
of communications.
1528. Coaxial cable with the outer conductor electroplated directly on
spirally-grooved cable dielectric.
1529. Electronic measuring, calibrating, counting, testing and time interval
equipment, whether or not incorporating frequency standards, having any
of the following characteristics:
(a) consisting of, or containing, frequency measuring equipment or
frequency standards designed for:
(i) other than ground laboratory use, with an accuracy better than
1 part in 10; or
(ii) ground laboratory use, with a stability over 24 hours of 1 part
in 10
9
or better;
(b) Instruments, as follows (for radio spectrum analysers see Item 1533):
(1) Designed for use at frequencies exceeding 12.5 GigaHertz;
(2) Designed for use at frequencies exceeding 3 GigaHertz, excluding:
Adapters, airlines, attenuators, couplers, dummy loads, filters,
line stretchers, phase shifters, mechanically or electro-mechanically
tuned signal generators, slotted lines and sections, terminations,
thermistor mounts, bolometer mounts, tuners, tunable shorts,
resonant cavity frequency meters, noise sources, power meters
and accessories, non-programmable sweep generators, crystal
detectors and crystal detector mounts; if they are not designed for
use at frequencies exceeding 12.5 GigaHertz.
(3) Designed for use at frequencies exceeding 1 GigaHertz, as follows:
(i) Programmable signal and sweep generators (for synthesisers, see
sub-item (c»;
(ii) Phase meters;
(ill) Impedance meters;
(iv) Instruments for automatically measuring equivalent circuit para-
meters over a range of frequencies;
(4) Employing time compression of the input signal or fast Fourier trans-
form (FFT) techniques.
(c) Frequency synthesisers having any of the following characteristics:
(1) Maximum frequency in excess of 500 MegaHertz;
(2) Incremental frequency resolution better than 1 KiloHertz;
7. TRADE AND INDUSTRY 12 OCTOBER 1972
(3) Electrically progranunable;
(4) Having a level of spurious components in output better than
- 70 decibels non-harmonic and - 50 decibels harmonic com-
ponent measured relative to fundamental frequency;
Equipment with a resolution not closer than 10 Hertz for use in
specific civil communications stations known to the exporting
country.
(d) Counting equipment capable of resolving at normal input levels
successive input signals with less than 5 nanoseconds time difference;
Explanatory Note: The resolution of counting equipment is that of the
most rapid element of the chain (prescaler, frequency divider, etc.).
(e) Time interval measuring equipment containing counting equipment or
capable of measuring time intervals as specified in sub-item (d) above:
(f) Testing equipment rated to maintain specified operating data when
operating over a range of ambient temperatures from below - 25°C
to above +55°C.
(See also Items M.L. 18, I.L. 1355 and sub-item I.L. 1485 (i».
(g) Digital voltage measuring apparatus-with or without electrical
outputs-irrespective of the physical units in which calibrated, with
a reading speed (from zero to the measured value) faster than
10 accesses per second and having any of the following characteristics:
(l) Digital resolution at all points on the scale greater than one part
in 200,000;
(2) Accuracy better than 1 part in 50,000 (0.002 per cent) of reading
over an ambient temperature range of ± 5°C or more; or a stability
better than 10-
6
of reading over a period of 24 hours or more.
(3) Capable of more than 500 independent measurements per second.
Explanatory Notes:
1. Reading speed is assumed not to include changes in range or polarity.
2. Sub-item (g) above is not intended to cover
(i) Visual quantisation apparatus capable of providing an average
value, displayed or not, of the results of the measurement;
(ii) Multichannel analysers of all types used in nuclear experimen-
tation.
For transmittingandreceivingequipment see ItemI.L. 1517and1533,
and for analogue to digital converters, excluding digital voltage
measuring instrument, see Item I.L. 1568.
(See also Items M.L. 18, I.L. 1355 and sub-Item I.L. 1485 (i»
1533. Radio spectrum analysers (being apparatus capable of indicating
the single-frequency components of multi-frequency oscillation), as
follows:
(a) Designed to operate at frequencies over 1,000 MegaHertz;
(b) Having a display bandwidth in excess of 12 MegaHertz;
(c) Specialised components, accessories and parts therefor.
1537. Electromagnetic waveguides and components therefor, as follows:
(a) Rigid and flexible waveguides and components designed for use at
frequencies in excess of 12.5 GigaHertz;
(b) Waveguides having a bandwidth ratio greater than 1.5 : 1;
(c) Waveguides components, as follows:
(1) Directional couplers having a bandwidth ratio greater than 1.5 : 1
and directivity over the band of 15 decibels or more;
(2) Rotary joints capable of transmitting more than one isolated
channel or having a bandwidth greater than 5 per cent of the centre
mean frequency; ,
(3) Magnetic, including gyro-magnetic, waveguide components;
(d) Pressured waveguides and specialised components therefor;
(e) TEM mode devices, using magnetic, including gyro-magnetic pro-
perties;
(f) TR and anti-TR tubes and components therefor, except those designed
for use in waveguides operating at a peak power not exceeding
160 kilowatts and at a frequency of 10.5 GigaHertz or less which are
in normal civil use for ground or marine radar.
Equipment described in sub-item(f) which is in normal civil use for ground
or marine radar.
1541. Cathode ray tubes having any of the following characteristics:
(a) A resolving power of 800 lines or more per inch (32 lines per milli-
metre), using the shrinking raster method of measurement;
(b) Writing speeds of more than 15,000 kilometres per second;
(c) Alpha-numeric and similar display tubes in which a symbol-mask
within the tube can be scanned to display any of the symbols on any
part of the phosphor.
1542. Cold cathode tubes and switches, as follows:
(a) Triggered spark-gaps, having an anode delay times of 15 microseconds
or less and rated for a peak current of 3,000 amps or more; specially
designed parts therefor; equipment incorporating such devices;
(b) Cold cathode tubes, whether gas-filled or not, operating in a manner
similar to a spark-gap, containing three or more electrodes and having
all the following characteristics:
(1) Rated for an anode peak voltage of 2,500 volts or more;
(2) Rated for peak currents of 100 amps or more;
(3) An anode delay time of 10 microseconds or less;
(4) An envelope diameter of less than 25.4 mm. (1 in.).
Explanatory Notes: Triggered spark-gaps are tubes with a stlucture
consisting of two opposed anodes with shapes resembling flattened hemi-
spheres and with one or more triggering probes placed approximately in the
centre of one anode. The structure is sealed and contains a mixture of
gases, principally nitrogen under less than atmospheric pressure.
Sub-item (b) includes gas krytron tubes, vacuum krytron tubes and
tubes.
1544. Semi-conductor diodes and thyristo'rs, having a bulk material
other than selenium or copper oxide, as follows:
(a) Mixer and detector diodes designed or rated for use at input or output
frequencies above 1 GigaHertz, except point contact diodes, designed
or rated for use at input"frequencies not exceeding 12.5 GigaHertz;
(b) Oscillator diodes and bulk effect devices (used for the direct conversion
of DC to RF power) designed or rated for use at output frequencies
greater than 300 MegaHertz;
(c) Voltage variable capacitor diodes designed or rated for use at input or
output frequencies greater than 300 MegaHertz, except those having
all of the following characteristics:
(i) a rated power dissipation of less than 0.5 watts at 25°C (77°F);
(ii) A series inductance higher than 1 nanoHenry;
(iii) A typical figure'of merit Q of less than 800 measured at a reverse
voltage of 4 volts and a frequency of 50 MegaHertz;
(d) Fast recovery diodes, as follows:
(1) Having a rated maximum reverse recovery time of less than
2 nanoseconds;
(2) Having both a rated forward rectified current over 1 ampere and
a rated maximum reverse recovery time of less than 30 nano-
seconds;
Explanatory Notes: 1. When average reverse recovery time is quoted
instead of maximumreverse recovery time, the maximum may be regarded
as two times the average.
2. When reverse recovery time is not quoted, diodes rated for a stored
charge of less than 25 pico-coulombs shall be regarded as embargoed by
suh-item (d) above.
(e) Tunnel diodes;
(f) Thyristors, as follows:
(1) Designed for use in pulse modulators having a rated turn-on time
of less than, 1 microsecond where the rated peak current exceeds
100 amperes;
(2) Having a rated turn-off time of less than 3 microseconds;
(3) Having a rated turn-off time of from 3 microseconds to less than
6 microseconds and a figure of merit greater than 1;
(4) Having a rated turn-off time of from 6 to 10 microseconds and a
figure of merit greater than 10.
Explanatory Note: The figure of merit is here defined as the product
of the repetitive peak 'off' state voltage (V DRM) in kilovolts and the
repetitive peak 'on' state current (I TRM) in amperes as shown 011 the
thyristor data sheets.
This item does not cover non-coherent visible spectrum light emitting
dio6les used as indicator elements or in alphanumeric displays.
(For photodiodes, see Item IL 1548.)
1545. Transistors and specialised parts therefor, except photo-transistors
(see Item I.L. 1548), as follows:
(a) Of any type using a bulk semi-conductor material other than germ-
anium or silicon;
(b) Using germanium as the bulk semi-conductor material and having
any of the following characteristics:
(1) An average fT greater than 1,000 MegaHertz;
(2) A product of the average fT in MegaHertz and the maximum
collector dissipation in watts exceeding l,ooo.
(c) Using silicon as the bulk semi-conductor material and having any of
the following characteristics:
1.1) An average fT greater than 700 MegaHertz;
(2) A product of the average fT in MegaHertz and the maximum
collector dissipation in watts exceeding 350.
(3) Majority carrier devices, including but not limited to field effect
transistors and metal oxide semi-conductor transistors.
Explanatory Notes: This item includes all devices incorporating a semi-
c.onducting crystal of any material with three or more electrical connec-
!lons or with only two such connections where four or more active
Junctions exist within a single block .of semi-conductor material, which
are used as amplifiers, oscillators, trigger devices, etc., or combinations
thereof in electronic circuits.
The maximum collector dissipation is defined as the continuous
dissipation measured at an ambient temperature of 25°C under any
cooling conditions.
Where the average fT is not quoted or known, this value shall be taken
as 1.5 times the minimum fT•
. Where f alpha (the frequency at which the modules of the current gain
In the common base connection has decreased to 0.707 of its low frequency
value) is quoted instead of fT, fT may be regarded as 0.8 times f alpha.
Field effect transistors (C3) for use in civil TV Alvf/FM receivers or
audio equipments. .
1548. Photo cells, as follows:
(a) Photoelectric cells, photo-conductive cells (including phototransistors
and similar cells) with a peak sensitivity at a wavelength longer than
12,000 Angstrom units or shorter than 3,000 Angstrom units;
(b) Photo-transistors (photo-conductive cells including photo-diodes)
with a response time constant of 0.5 microsecond or less measUred at
the operating temperature of the cell for which the time· coristant
reaches a minimum.
Explanatory Notes: The time constant is defined as the time taken from
the application of a light stimulus for the current increment to reach a
value of I-lIe times the final value (ie 63 per cent of the final value).
This item is not intended to include germanium photo devices with a
peak sensitivity at a wavelength shorter than 17,500 Angstr6m
1549. Photomultiplier tubes as follows:
(a) For which the maximum sensitivity occurs at wavelengths longer than
7,500 Angstrom units or shorter than 3,000 Angstrom units; or
(b) having an anode pulse rise time of less than 1 nanosecond.
Non-ruggedised tubes described in sub-item (a) above required as replace-
ment parts for spec(fic civil equipment not exceeding the capability of that
which could be exported under this List, provided that these parts do not
upgrade the initial performance of such equipment.
1550. Thermal detecting cells, ie bolometers and thermocoupler detec-
tors, radiant energy types only, with a response time constant of less than
10 milliseconds measured at the operating temperature of the cell for
which the time constant reaches a minimum.
1553. Flash-discharge type X-ray systems, including tubes, except those
systems or tubes having all of the following specifications:
(a) peak power of 500 MegaWatts or less;
(b) output voltage of 500 Kilovolts or less;
(c) pulse width of 0.2 microsecond or more.
1555. Electron tubes and specialised components and parts therefor
(except commercial standard television camera tubes not having fibre
optic faceplates and commercial standard X-ray amplifier tubes), as follows:
(a) Image intensifiers, image converters and camera tubes incorporating
intensifiers and converters or coupled with such tubes;
(b) Electronic storage' tubes, including memory transformers of radar
pictures;
Non-ruggedised direct viewing storage tubes described in sub-item (b),
having a diameter or diagonal not exceeding 280 mm., for civil radar appli-
cations and/or civil uses in oscilloscopes.
(c) Camera tubes with return beam read-out (Le. camera tubes in which
the electron beam is returned to an internal dynode structure within
the tube), including return beam vidicons and image isocons, but
excluding conventional non-ruggedised image orthicons;
Conventional non-ruggedised isocons described in sub-item (c) above for
use in commercial entertainlnent-type television broadcasting and in com-
mercial standard medical X-ray applications.
(d) Camera tubes without return beam read-out (including but not
limited to SEC vidicons) for which, with a faceplate illuminance of
10-
4
lumens/ft
2
(foot-candles) or irradiance of 5 x lQ-5 Watts/m
2
, the
product of (i) the relative amplitude response (in percentage, ie if
40 per cent use 40.0) at 400 lines/picture height and (ii) the output
signal current (in nanoamperes) exceeds 200;
Explanatory Note: For this measurement the source of illumination
should be a CIE (International Commission on Illumination) reference
'A, 2,854°K. The test target should have a contrast of 80 per cent or more.
The picture aspect ratio should be 3:4.
(e) Camera tubes with fibre optic faceplates andlor electron image
amplification by internal microchannel plates described in Item 1556;
Camera tubes having fibre optic faceplates but not otherwise described
in this item, provided that the tubes will be usedfor civil television or medical
applications.
(f) Ruggedised vidicon-type tubes, including secondary electron conduc-
tion and silicon target vidicon-type tubes, except tubes not capable of
withstanding acceleration greater than 2i g at any frequency within
the vibration frequency range of 5 Hertz to 2,000 Hertz, and covered
by sub-item (d) above.
Explanatory Note: For the purposes of this item 'commercial standard
television camera tubes' are defined as non-ruggedised tubes having
performance characteristics consistent with normal commercial use and
which have been in regular commercial use in identified applications for
a minimum of one year.
Electron tubes or specialised components covered by this item that are
required as spares or for the servicing of identified equipment containing
such items that has previously been exported.
1556. Optical elements and elements for optical tubes, as follows:
(a) Non-flexible fused fibre optic plates or bundles, having all of the
following characteristics:
(1) A fibre pitch (centre-to-centre spacing) of less than 15 microns;
(2) A light-absorbing medium surrounding each fibre, or interstitially
placed between fibres;
(3) A diameter greater than 13 min. (I- in.);
(b) Microchannel plates for electron image amplification having both
of the following characteristics:
(1) 15,000 or more hollow tubes per plate; and
(2) Hole pitch (centre-to-centrf'; spacing) of than 50 microns.
TRADE ANDfNDUSTRY 12 OCTOBER 1972 77
1557. Gas discharge voltage regulator tubes designed to withstand an
aa:e1cration of short duration (shock) greater than 1,000 g or to operate
in ambient temperatures exceeding 200°C (392°F).
For grid control hot-eathode gas-filled tubes (thyratrons), see Item
I.L. 1559; for cold-eathode types, see ItemI.L. 1542 (b.)
1558. Electronic vacuum tubes (valves) and specialised parts, as follows:
(a) Tubes in which space charge control is utilised as a functional para-
meter, including but not limited to triodes and tetrodes, as follows:
(1) Tubes rated for continuous wave operation having either of the
following characteristics:
(i) about 4,000 MegaHertz at maximum rated anode dissipation;
or
(ii) over the frequency range 300 MegaHertz to 4,000 MegaHertz
and for which, under any condition of cooling, the product of
the maximum rated anode dissipation (expressed in watts)
and the square of the maximum frequency (expressed in
MegaHertz) at the maximum rated anode dissipation is greater
than 10
8
, or where applied to external anode tubes rated only
without a radiator and rated only for free air circulation, the
product is greater than 5 x 10
6
;
Tubes specially designed for television transmission operating
in the frequency range of 470 MegaHertz to 960 MegaHertz
and rated for operation without a grid current, the product of
the rated anode dissipation and the square of the maximum fre-
quency may reach 4 x 10
8
• For tubes intendedfor other applica-
tions and ratedfor operation without a grid current, the product
of the rated anode dissipation and the square of the maximum
frequency may reach 1.5 X 10
8

(2) Tubes rated only for pulse operation having either of the follow-
ing characteristics:
(i) above 1,000 MegaHertz at the peak pulse output power; or
(ii) between 300 MegaHertz and 1,000 MegaHertz and for which,
under any condition of cooling, the product of the peak pulse
output power (expressed in watts) and the square of the
maximum frequency (expressed in MegaHertz) is greater
than 4.5 x 1010;
(b) Tubes in which the velocity of the electrons is utilised as one of the
functional parameters, including but not limited to klystrons, travel-
ling wave tubes and magnetrons, except:
(i) Low power oscillator klystrons designed to operate at frequencies
below 11.5 GigaHertz with a maximum rated output power of less
than 1.4 watt;
(ii) Fixed frequency and tunable pulsed magnetrons which are in
normal civil use in equipment which may be exported under the
terms of this List as follows:
(1) designed to operate at frequencies below 3.5 GigaHertzwith a
maximum rated output power of 1.2 Megawatts or less;
(2) designed to oPerate at frequencies between 3.5 GigaHertz and
10.5 GigaHertz with a maximum rated output power of
300 Kilowatts or less;
(iii) Fixed frequency continuous wave magnetrons designed for
medical use or for industrial heating or cooking purposes opera-
ting at a frequency of 2.45 GigaHertz ±0.05 GigaHertz with a
maximum rated output power not exceeding 5 kilowatts or at a
frequency lower than 1 GigaHertz with a maximum rated output
power not exceeding 25 KiloWatts;
Pulse amplifier klystrons described in sub-item (b) above designed
to operate at frequencies below3.5 GigaHertz with a maximum rated
peak output power of 1.6 Megawatts or less.
(c) Indirectly heated valves of a kind that can be passed through a circular
hole of 7.2 mm. in diameter;
(d) valves designed to withstand acceleration of. short duration (shock)
greater than 1,000 g;
(e) Valves designed for oPeration in ambient temperatures exceeding
100°C;
(f) Vacuum tubes specially designed for use as pulse modulators for
radar or for similar applications, having a peak anode voltage rating
of 100 kilovolts or more; or rated for a peak pulse power of 2.4 Mega-
Watts or more.
Travelling wave tubes and mounts designed to operate at frequencies
below 12.5 GigaHertz for use as the output tube in civil communications,
subject to the tube having the following characteristics:
(i) a saturated output power not exceeding 40 watts at or below 8.5 Giga-
Hertz,'
(ii) a saturated output power not exceeding 20 watts between 8.5 GigaHertz
and 12.5 GigaHertz.
Tubes covered by sub-items (a) and (b) above, specially designed for tele-
vision purposes and which are to be usedin television transmitters, the precise
location of which is known, for civil telecasting according to CCIR or OIR
standards.
Tubes covered by sub-items (a) and (b) required as replacement parts for
specific civilian equipment (for example pulse amplifier klystrons and fixed
frequency and tuneable pulsed magnetrons covered by sub-item (b) and
needed for civil radar) not exceeding the capability of that which could be
exported in the context ofother List items, provided that these parts do not
upgrade the initial performance ofthat equipment.
1559. Hydrogen thyratrons rated for a peak pulse power output of 12.5
MegaWatts or more.
78 TRADE AND INDUSTRY 12 OCTOBER 1972
Explanatory Note: A thyratron is any hot cathode gas-filled tube con..
taining 3 or more electrodes in which anode current flow is initiated by
a control electrode.
Hydrogen thyratrons required as replacement parts in specific civil radar
equipment previously exported, provided that they do not upgrade the
initial performance ofthat equipment.
1560. Components and parts used as inductive and capacitive elements
in electronic circuits, designed for and/or capable of reliable performance
in relation to their electrical and mechanical characteristics and main..
taining their design service lifetime while operating:
(a) over the whole range of ambient temPeratures from below -45°C
to above +100°C; or
(b) at ambient temPeratures of 200°C or higher.
Explanatory Note: Included in this definition are such items as
capacitors, transformers, chokes, relays, etc.
1561. Materials specially designed and manufactured for use as absorbers
of electromagnetic waves having frequencies greater than 2 x 10
8
cycles
Per second, and less than 3 x 10
12
cycles per second.
1562. Tantalum and niobium electrolytic capacitors designed to operate
permanently at temperatures exceeding 85°C (185°F) without derating,
except sintered electrolytic types having a casing made of epoxy resin or
which are sealed or coated with epoxy resin.
Tantalum capacitors covered by this item that are rated for operation at
less than 125°C (257°F) when the licensing authority is satisfied that they
are to be used in civil mobile communications equipment or in other identified
civil equipment applications.
1564. Electronic components, as follows:
(a) Assemblies and sub-assemblies constituting one or more functional
circuits with a component density greater than 75 parts Per cubic inch
(4.575 parts per cubic centimetre);
(b) Modular insulator panels (including wafers) mounting single or
multiple electronic elements and specialised parts therefore
Explanatory Note: Circuit boards and panels which do not contain
components described in this list and which do not come within the scope
of sub-item (a) above are not covered by sub-item (b) unless they are
constructed of insulating materials other than paper base phenolics, glass
cloth melamine, glass cloth epoxy resin or of insulating materials with
an operating temperature range not exceeding that of the above-
mentioned materials.
(c) integrated circuits, i.e. assemblies and sub-assemblies containing one
or more functional circuits in which there are both components and
inter-connections formed by the diffusion or deposition of materials into
or on a common substrate.
Devices described in sub-items (a), (b), (c), provided that the devices have
been designed specifically for identifiable civil applications and, by nature 0/
design or performance, are substantially restricted to the particular appli-
cation for which they have been designed.
Group G. Scientific Instruments and Apparatus, Servomechanisms and
Photographic Equipment
1565. Electronic computers and related equipment as follows:
(a) Analogue computers with one or more of the following characteristics:
(1) Rated errors less than
(i) Summers, inverters and integrators:
(a) Static: 0.02 per cent
(b) Total at 1 KiloHertz 0.15 per cent
(H) Multipliers:
(a) Static: 0.1 per cent
(b) Total at 1 KiloHertz 0.25 per cent
(Hi) Fixed function generators: Log X and sine/cosine:
Static: 0.1 per cent.
Explanatory Note: The percentage for sub-item (a) (1) (i) (a) applies to
the actual output voltage; all other percentages apply to full scale, that
is from maximunl negative to maximum positive reference voltages.
Total errors at 1 KiloHertz are to be measured with those resistors
incorporated in the inverter, summer or integrator which rrovide the
least error.
Total error measurements include all errors of the unit resulting from,
for example, tolerances of resistors and capacitors, tolerances of input
and output impedances of amplifiers, the effect of loading, the effects of
phase shift, and the generating of functions.
(2) More than 75 operational amplifiers;
(3) More than four integrator time scales, switchable during one
programme;
(b) Analogue computers designed or modified for use in airborne vehicles,
missiles or space vehicles and rated for continuous operation at
temperatures from below -45°C to above +55°C; and equipment or
systems incorporating such computers;
(c) Other analogue computers capable of accepting, processing and
putting out data in the form of one or more continuous variables and
capable of incorporating a total of at least 20 summers, integrators,
multipliers or function generators with facilities for readily varying
the inter-connection of these components:
(d) Digital computers with one or more of the following characteristics:
(1) The CPU implements floating point operations by hardware;
(2) The sum of either the 'I/O bus rate' or the 'total effective bit
transfer rate', whichever is less, and the 'CPU bus rate' exceeds
10.8 million bits per second; ,
(3) The internal memory has a total connected capacity (excluding
parity, word marker and flag bits) of more than 0.8 million bits;
(4) The computer is equipped with peripheral memory devices as
follows:
(i) More than 12;
(H) The 'total effective bit transfer rate' (excluding data channels
not equipped with peripheral memory units) exceeds 0.7
million bits per second;
(Hi)' Any magnetic tape transport with:
(a) More than 800 bits per inch per track;
(b) More than 75 inches per second tape speed;
(c) More than nine tracks per 1 in. tape width; or
(d) More than 1 in. tape width.
(iv) For peripheral memory devices other than magnetic tape
transports:
(a) Total connected 'net capacity' exceeds 3 million bits;
(b) 'Total number of accesses' exceeds 120 per second.
(5) Computers with cathode ray tube displays as follows:
(i) Used to display alpha-numeric and similar data or informa-
tion, excluding those displays for which circuitry and char-
acter-generation devices external to the tube limit displays
to alpha-numeric characters in fixed formats or to graphs
composed only of the same basic elements as used for alpha-
numeric character composition (this exclusion is limited to
graphic displays for which the sequence of symbols and basic
elements of symbols are fixed by the format and character
generators in the unit and cannot be generated arbitrarily
by the computer).
(ii) With light gun or other graphic input devices, excluding
those which are parts of displays for which circuitry and
character-generation devices external to the tube limit dis-
plays to alpha-numeric characters in fixed format or to
graphs composed only of the same basic elements as used
for alpha-numeric character composition.
(6) The computer is equipped with 'terminal devices' located remote
from the 'computer operating area' as follows:
(i) the 'total effective bit transfer rate' (excluding parity, word
marker and flag bits) as limited by any communication channel
exceeds 1,400 bits per second;
(ii) the 'effective bit transfer rate' of any 'terminal device' exceeds
1,200 bits per second;
(7) The computer has interface equipment for which:
(i) the 'effective bit transfer rate' of any interfaced 'communi-
cation channel' exceeds 200 bits per second; or
(ii) any interfaced 'communication channel' is not dedicated full
time to the given application.
(e) Digital COIDputers and digital differential analysers (incremental
computers) designed or modified for use in airborne vehicles, missiles
or space vehicles and rated for continuous operation at temperatures
from below -45°C to above +55°C ; and equipment or systems
incorporating such computers or analysers;
to Other digital computers operated by one or more common control
units and capable of all of the following:
(1) Accepting storing, processing and producing an output in numeri-
calor alphabetical form;
(2) Storing more than 512 numerical and/or alphabetical characters
or having an internal memory of more than 2,048 bits;
(3) Performing a stored sequence of operations that are modifiable by
means other than a physical change in circuitry; and
(4) Selecting a sequence from a plurality of stored operations based
upon data or an internally computed result;
(g) Computers capable of operating in both analogue and digital modes
and related equipment as follows:
(1) Equipment whose analogue portion meets the conditions of sub-
item (c) and whose digital portion meets the conditions of sub-
item (f) and which also provides facilities for processing in the
digital section numeric data from the analogue section and/or vice
versa;
(2) Equipnlent for inter-connecting the analogue and digital portions
of computers as described in sub-item (g) (1);
(3) Digital or analogue computers containing inter-connecting
equipment as described in sub-item (g) (2);
(h) Specialised parts, components, peripherals, sub-assemblies, accessories
and spare parts for the above, including those which are also described
in Items I.L. 1572 and I.L. 1588.
Analogue computers covered by sub-items (a) (1) (i) (a), (a) (1) (ii) (a),
(a) (2) and (c), digital computers coveredby sub-items (d) (1)-(4) ant/if) and
equipment for computers covered by sub-item (h), subject to certain condi-
tions, including:
(a) that the equipment is primarilp usea UI non-strategic applications:
(b) that the equipment will be used primarily for the specific non-strategic
applications for which the export would be approved and that the number,
type and characteristics of such equipment are normal for the approved
use;
(c) that if they are analogue computers covered by sub-items (a) (1) (i)
(a), (a) (1) (ii) (a) or (a) (2), the static rated error for summers, in-
verters and integrators are not less than 0.01 per cent and for multi-
pliers are not less than 0.025 per cent and there are not more than 350
operational amplifiers,·
(d) that if they are digital computers covered by sub-item (d) (1)-(4), all
of the following additional conditions are met:
(1) The sumofeither the '1/0 bus rate' or the 'total effective bit transfer
rate', whichever is less, and the 'CPU bus rate' does not exceed 40
million bits per second;
(2) The 'processing data rate' for CPUs which implement floating point
operations by hardware does not exceed 8 million bits per second,·
(3) The internal memory total connected capacity (excluding parity,
word marker andflag bits) does not exceed 2.36 million bits,·
(4) For peripheral memory devices with which the computer is equipped:
(i) No more than 12 magnetic tape transports,'
(ii) The 'total effective bit transfer rate' excluding data channels
not equipped with peripheral memory units does not exceed
8 million bits per second,'
(iii) The 'efrective bit transfer rate' of any peripheral memory or
data channel does not exceed 1.5 million bits per second;
(iv) For peripheral memory devices other than magnetic tape
transports"
(a) Total connected 'net capacity' does not exceed 305 million
bits,'
(b) For each independent device, 'net capacity' (in millions of
bits) does not exceed 'average access time' (in seconds)
raised to the 3/2 power and then multiplied by 8,000,· and
(c) 'Total number ofaccesses' does not exceed 150 per second.
(v) For'terminal devices' locatedremotefrom the'computer operat-
ing area;
(a) the 'total effective bit transfer rate' (excluding parity,
word marker and flag bits) as limited by any communica-
tion channel does not exceed 4,800 bits per second;
(b) the 'effective bit transfer rate' ofany 'terminal device' does
not exceed 2,400 bits per second,'
(iv) For computers with interface equipment:
(a) the 'effective bit transfer rate' of any interfaced communi-
cation channel' does not exceed 1,200 bits per second; and
(b) all interfaced 'communication channels' are dedicated full
time to the given application.
Interpretative definitions of the terminology used such as 'CPU bus
rate', 'average seek time.' etc. will be provided, if required, on application
to the Export Licensing Branch.
1568. Equipment, as follows:
(a) All classes of devices, regardless of other characteristics, identified in
sub-items (b), (c), (d), (e), (f), (g), (j) and (h) below, which are designed
to operate below -55°C or above +125°C;
(b) Synchros and resolvers (and special instruments rated to have the
same characteristics as synchros and resolvers in (1) and (2) below, such
as Microsyns, Synchro-Tels and Inductosyns) possessing any of
the following characteristics;
(1) A rated electric error of 7 minutes of arc or less or of 0.2 per cent
or less of maximum output voltage;
(2) A rated dynamic accuracy for receiver types of 1 degree or less,
except that for units of size 30 (3 in. in diameter) or larger a rated
dynamic accuracy of less than 1 degree;
(3) Multi-speed from single shaft types;
(4) Employing solid state Hall effect;
(5) Designed for gimbal mounting
(c) Amplifiers, electronic or magnetic, specially designed for use with
resolvers, as follows:
(1) Isolation types having a variation of gain constant (linearity of
gain) of 0.2 per cent or better;
(2) Summing types having a variation of gain constant (linearity of
gain) or an accuracy of summation of 0.2 per cent or better;
(3) Employing solid state Hall effect;
(d) Induction potentiometers (including function generators and linear
synchros), linear and non-linear, possessing any of the following
characteristics:
(1) A rated conformity of 0.25 per cent or less, or of 13 minutes of arc
or less;
(2) Employing solid state Hall effect;
(3) Designed for gimbal mounting;
(e) Induction rate (tachometer) generators, synchronous and asynchron-
ous as follows:
(1) Employing solid state Hall effe<;t;
(2) With a housing diameter of 50 Jnm. (2 in.) and smaller and a length
(without shaft-ends) of 100 mm. (4 in.) and smaller or with a
diameter-ta-Iength ratio greater than 2:1. having one or more of
the following characteristics:
(i) With a rated linearity of 0.1 per cent or less;
(ll) All temperature-compensated or temperature-corrected types:
TRADE A.ND INOeSTRY 12 OCT09ER "972 70
(f) Servo motors (gear-head or plain) as follows:
(1) Designed'to operate from power sources of more than 300 Hertz
except those: designed to o ~ t e from power sources of over 300
Hertz up to and not exceeding 400 Hertz with a temperature range
offrom -55°C to +125°C;
(2) Designed to have a torque-to-inertia ratio of 50,000 radians per
second or greater;
(3) Incorporating special features to secure internal damping;
(4) Employing solid state Hall effect.
(&) PQtentiometers (and special instruments rated to have the same
characteristics as potentiometers in (i) and (ii) below, such as Verni-
stats)t as follows:
(1) Linear potentiometers having a constant resolution and a rated
linearity of 0.1 per cent or less;
(2) Non-linear potentiometers having a variable resolution and a
rated conformity of:
(i) 1 per cent or less when the resolution is inferior to that obtained
with a linear potentiometer of the same type and of the same
track length;
(ii) 0.5 per cent or less when the resolution is better than or equal
to that obtained with a linear potentiometer of the same type
and of the same track length;
(3) Designed for gimbal mounting;
Explanatory Note: This sub-item does not include potentiometers using
only switched elements.
(h) Direct current and alternating current torquers, ie torque motors
specially designed for gyros and stabilised platforms;
(I) Electro-optical devices designed to monitor relative rotation of re-
mote surfaces;
(j) Synchronous motors, as follows:
(1) Of size 20 (50.8 mm. (2 in.) in diameter) and smaller and having
synchronous speeds in excess of 3,600 revolutions per minute.
(2) Designed to operate from power sources of more than 400 cycles
per second;
(k) Analogue-to-digjtal and digital-to-analogue converters other than
digital voltmeters (see Item 1529), as follows:
(1) Electrical-input types possessing:
(i) A peak conversion rate capability in· excess of 50,000 com-
plete conversions per second;
(ii) An accuracy in excess of 1 part in more than 10,000 of full
scale; or
(Hi) A figure of merit of 10
7
or more (derived from the number of
complete conversions per second divided by accuracy);
(2) Solid state synchro-to-digital and digital-to-synchro resolvers;
(3) Mechanical input types (including but not limited to shaft posi-
tion encoders and linear displacement encoders but excluding
complex servo-follower systems) as follows:
(i) Rotary types having an accuracy or maximum incremental
accuracy better than ± 1 part in 10,000 of full scale;
(ii) Linear displacement types having an accuracy of better than
± 5 microns;
(4) Employingsolid state Hall effect;
(I) Semi-conductor Hall field probes, as follows;
(1) Made of indium-arsenide-phosphide (In As P);
(2) Coated with ceramic or ferritic materials (eg special field probes
such an tangential field probes, multipliers
t
modulators, recorder
probes, etc.);
(3) With an open circuit sensitivity greater than
0.12 Volt
Ampere x Kilogauss
Explanatory Note: The slope of a straight line that passes through the
point of origin and through the point U20: 1
1
at B=Bn, in the charac-
teristic is defined as the open circuit sensitivity (where u2o=Hall voltage,
open circuit; i, =Control current; Bn = Rated value of applied magnetic
control field).
(m) Specially designed parts, components, sub-assemblies and test equip-
ment (including adapters, couplers, etc.) for the above.
IS70. Thermoelectric materials and devices as follows:
(a) Thermoelectric materials with a maximum product of the figure of
merit (Z) and the temperature (T in OK) in excess of 0.75 ;
(b) Junctions and combinations of junctions using any of the materials
in (a) above;
(c) Heat absorbing and/or electrical power generating devices containing
any of the junctions in (b) above;
(d) Other power generating devices which generate in excess of 10 watts
per pound or of 500 watt per cubic foot of the devices' basic thermo-
electric components;
(e) Specialised parts, components and sub-assemblies, for the above de-
vices (See also sub-item I.L. 1205(c».
Explanatory Notes: The figure of merit (Z) equals Seebeck coefficient
squared divided by the product of electrical resistivity and thermal con-
ductivity.
The weight and cubic measurements in sub-item (d) above are not
intended to encompass the complete device but to include only the
thermo-electric elements and assembly and the components for pump-
ing calories. Other components, such as heating and/or cooling sources
80 TRADE AND INDUSTRY 12 OCTOBER 1972
or containers, device frames or stands and control equipment are not to
be included in the calculations.
1571. Magnetometers having or capable of having a sensitivity better
than ± 1.0 gamma (± 10..-
5
oersteds), and specially designed parts therefor.
Explanatory Notes:
(1) Sensitivity is defined as the visually recognised minimum sinusoidal
signal in the frequency range of 0.025 Hertz to 1.5 Hertz when signal-
to-noise ratio is higher than 1.
(2) 'Specially designed parts therefor' is intended to include active rota-
tional compensation, as opposed to static compensation methods, and
any form of dynamic signal processing or gradient compensation pro-
vided as part of, or designed for use with, magnetometers included in,
this item.
1572. Recording and/or reproducing equipment, as follows (for equip-.
ment which may be exported in conjunction with computer shipments.
see Item I.L. 1565).
(a) Using magnetic techniques, except those specifically designed for voice·
or music;
(b) Using electron beam(s) operating in a vacuum, and/or laser-produced
light beams (see also sub-item I.L. 1521 (e», that produce patterns or
images directly on the recording surface, and specialised equipment
for image development;
(c) Graphic instruments capable of continuous direct recording of sinu-
soidal waves at frequencies exceeding 20 KiloHertz.;
(d) Specialised parts, components and recording media for the above.
Explanatory Note: The term 'recording media' in sub-item (d) above is.
intended to include all types and forms of specialised recording media used
in such recording techniques, including but not limited to tapes, drums,
discs and matrices, except magnetic cards, checks and similar discrete'
non-rigid magnetic media other than tape.
Equipment described in sub-item (a) above, and specialised parts, com-
ponents andrecording media therefor, for use with the exportedequipment, as
follows;
(a) magnetic tape recorders specially designed for television recording
using a signal registered with the CCIR, and having all of the following
characteristics:
(i) 3 decibel recording bandwidth not exceeding 4 MegaHertz,·
(ii) time base error of not less than 4 microseconds over a 20 milli-
second interval;
(iii) peak-to-peak signal to r.m.s noise ratio not exceeding 45 decidels;
(iv) differential gain ofnot less than 5 per cent;
(v) maximum length of time of a single scan not exceeding 20 milli-
seconds;
(vi) not ruggedised;
(vii) containing no electronically controlled delay lines;
(b) analogue recorders having all of the following characteristics:
(i) bandwidth capability at maximum design speed not exceeding
100 KiloHertz per track,·
(ii) recording density not exceeding 5,000 magneticflux sine waves per
linear inch per track;
(iii) not ruggedised,'
(iv) not rated for continuous operation in ambient temperatures from
below - 20°C to above + 55°C;
(v) not specifically designed for underwater use;
(vi) not including recording and/or reproducing heads of the rotary or
floating types or designed for use in equipment with characteristics
superior to those defined in sub-paragraphs (b) (i) and(ii) above;
(vii) tape speed not exceeding 60 in. per second;
(viii) number of recording tracks (excluding audio voice track) not
exceeding 16;
(ix) start-stop time not less than 25 fflilliseconds.
(c) Systems for use in civil aircraft or helicopters to record flight data for
safety and/or maintenance purposes, and having all of the following
characteristics:
(i) in normal civil use for more than one year,·
(ii) not exceeding 100 input channels;
(iii) sum of the individual channel recording bandwidth not exceeding
500 Hertz.
(d) recording equipment having no apparent relations to embargoed equip-
ment or materials, provided that the capability of the recorder is limited
to both:
(i) the use of! in. wide tape,'
(ii) digital recording techniques in serial form with a packing density not
exceeding 800 bits per inch.
Explanatory Note: The recording density in Note 2 (b) (ii) above is, for
direct recorders, the recording bandwidth divided by the tape speed; for
FM recorders, the carrier frequency plus deviation divided by the tape
speed; and in Note 2 (d) (ii) above, for digital recorders, the bits per second
per track divided by the tape speed.
Magnetic tape on reels for use with computers, provided that they have all
of the following characteristics:
(a) a base of untensilisedpolyethylene polyterephthalate,·
(b) a base of nominal thickness not less than 22 microns (0.87 nlil),'
(c) a tape width not exceeding 19 mm (1 in.),·
(d) a magnetic'coating certifiedfor maximum packing density of 1,600 bits
per inch along the length of the tape and 14 recording tracks across the
tape;
(e) reels are specially designed for computer use and have a diameter not
exceeding 267 mm (10.5 in.) and a tape length not exceeding 1,097.3 m
(3,600 ft.).
Incremental recorders .and/or reproducers (ie equipment designed for the
discontinuous sampling and/or collection of data in an incremental manner)
with the characteristics described in (iii) to (vi) ofparagraph (b) of this Note
.and with a maximum tape speed, at the maximum stepping rate of 5.1 ems...
(2 in.) per secondor less.
Video tape in reasonable quantities for use in civil television recording
.and reproducing applications: '
(1) Chromium dioxide-coated tape with a width of 12.7 mm (1 in.) or
less;
(2) Undoped gamma-iron oxide-coated tape with a rated intrinsic
coercitivitynot exceeding 350 oersteds.
1576. Centrifugal testing apparatus or equipment possessing any of the
following characteristics:
(a) Driven by a motor or motors having a total rated horsepower greater
than 400 horsepower;
(b) Capable of carrying a payload of 113.4 Kgs. or more;
(c) Capable of exerting a centrifugal acceleration of 8 or more 'g' on a
payload of 90.72 Kgs. or more.
1584. Ion microscopes having a resolving power better than 10 Ang-
strom units.
1584. Oscilloscopes and specialised parts therefor, as follows:
(a) Cathode ray oscilloscopes, associated plug-in units and external
amplifiers and pre-amplifiers possessing any of the following charac-
teristics:
(1) An amplifier bandwidth greater than 75 MegaHertz(defined as the
band of frequencies over which the deflection on the cathode ray
tube does not fall below 70.7 per cent of that at maximum point
measured with a constant input voltage to the amplifier);
(2) Containing or designed for the use of cathode ray tubes with travel-
ling wave or distributed deflection structure or incorporating other
techniques to minimise mismatch of fast phenomena signals to the
deflection. structure;
(3) Ruggedised to meet a military specification;
(5) Rated for operation over an ambient temperature range of from
below - 25°C to above +55°C.
(b) Electronic devices for stroboscopic analysis of a signal (ie sampling
devices), whether sub-assemblies or separate units, designed to be used
in conjunction with an oscilloscope to permit the analysis of recurring
phenomena, and which increase the capabilities of an oscilloscope to
permit measurements within the limits of equipment described in sub-
item (a) (i) above.
1585. Photographic equipment, as follows:
(a) High speed cinema recording cameras, as follows:
(1) Cameras in which the film is continuously advanced throughout
the recording period, and which are capable of recording at rates
exceeding 3,000 frames per second for the full framing height of
standard 35 mm wide photographic film or proportionately
higher rates for lesser frame heights, or proportionately lower
rates for greater frame heights;
(2) Cameras in which the film moves intermittently during the re-
cording period, being automatically locked in place for each frame,
and which are capable of recording at the following rates:
(i) Exceeding 250 frames per second for 16 mm film;
(ii) Exceeding 130 frames per second for 35 mm film;
(Hi) Exceeding 50 frames per second for 70 mm film at full frame
heights;
(b) High speed cameras in which the film does not move, and which are
capable of recording at rates exceeding 250,000 frames per second for
the fuH framing height of standard 35 mm wide photographic film,
or proportionately higher rates for lesser frame heights, or proportion-
ately lower rates for greater frame heights; .
(c) Cameras incorporating image converters and specially designed
controls, parts and accessories therefor:
(d) Photographic systems specially designed for use in space vehicles;
(e) Streak cameras having writing speeds of 8 millimetres/microsecond and
above capable ofrecording events which are not initiated by the camera
mechanism.
. Explanatory Note: Streak cameras are cameras designed to record the
mtensity of a light source as a function of time by moving the image of the
Source along the film in a single direction.
(f) Cameras having shutter speeds of less than 1 microsecond per opera-
tion, and specialised parts and accessories therefor;
(g) High speed film,Rs follows:
(i) Having an intensity dynamic range of 1,000,000:1 or more; or
(ii) Having a speed of ASA 10,000 (or its equivalent) or better;
(h) High speed plates having an intensity dynamic range of 1,000,000:1 or
more.
Equipment described in sub-itenl (c) above except:
(0 multi-frante cameras with variable frame intervals and exposures
within a sequence;
(ii) accessories and attachments for covering cameras incorporating
image converters into multi-frame cameras capable ofbeing operated
in a si/ni/or mode to those defined in paragraph (0
Equipment described in sub-item(I).
1586. Praetersonic radio frequency signal processing devices, as follows:
(a) Surface acoustic wave devices (ie radio frequency signal processitt.l
devices employing elastic waves in a variety ofpiezo-electric substances
including but not limited to lithium niobate, lithium tantalate, bismuth
germanium oxide, yttrium garnet and quartz), which permit direct
processing of signals at carrier freqlfencies over 156 MegaHertz, in-
cluding amplifiers, fixed, tapped and dispersive delay lines, l'trlse eorD*
pression devices and non-linear devices; and specialised parts t h ~ ;
(b) Bulk (volume) acoustic wave devices (ie radio frequency signal pro-
cessing devices employing elastic waves in a variety of piezo-dectric
substances similar to those in (a) above) which permit direct processiag
of signals at carrier frequencies over 1 GigaHertz, including pulse com-
pression and convolution devices, non..linear devices and fixed delay
lines; and specialised parts thereof;
Explanatory Note: Praetersonic is defined as that range of frequeBcies
above 10,000 times the nominal high sonic frequencies; eg above 150
MegaHertz.
Devices covered by sub-item (0) above thflt are specially designed for
use in civil television equipment and which operate at frequencies below 1
GigaHertz.
1587. Quartz crystals and assemblies thereof in any stage of fabrication
(ie worked, semi-finished or mounted), as follows:
(a) Por use as filter elements, and having any of the following character-
istics:
(1) Designed for operation over a temperature range wider than
120°C (216°P);
(2) Crystals or assemblies of crystals which use the trapped energy
phenomenon (ie those which have more than one series or
parallel resonance on a single quartz element);
(b) Por use as oscillator elements and having any of the following charac-
teristics:
(1) Designed for operation over a temperature range wider than 169°C
(288°P);
(2) Having a frequency stability of plus or minus 0.005 per cent or
better over the rated operating temperature range (whether temper-
ature compensated or not).
(3) Capable, when mounted, of being passed through a chcular hole
with a dianleter of 9.9 tum (0.39 in.);
(4) Mounted in metal holders sealed with thermo-compression welding
Explanatory Note: This item only covers quartz crystals having piezo-
electric qualities. It is understood that this definition does not cover optical
grade quartz crystals.
Items covered by sub-item (a) which have either of the following character-
istics:
(a) Designed for operation as intermediate frequency filters, operuting at
10.7 or 21.4 MegaHertz with 3 decibel bandwidths not exceeding 30Kilo-
Hertz; or
(b) Designed lor operation as single side-band filters operating at from
1 to 10 MegaHertz with 3 decibel bandwidths not exceeding 4 KiloHertz.
1588. Materialscomposed ofcrystals havingspine), orthorhombic, hexagon-
al or garnet crystal structures; thin film devices; assemblies of the fore-
going; and devices containing them, as follows: .
(for equipment which may be exported in conjunction with computer
shipments, see Item I.L. 1565),
(a) Monocrystals of ferrites and garnets, synthetic only:
(b) Single aperture forms possessing any of the following characteristics:
(1) Switching speed of 0.3 microsecond or faster at the minimum field
strength required for switching at 40°C (l04°P);
(2) A maximunl dimension less than 30 mils (0.76 mm).
(c) Multi-aperture forms with fewer than 10 apertures possessing any of
the following characteristics;
(l) Switching speed of 1 microsecond or faster at the minimum field
strength required for switching at 40°C; (l04°F);
(2) A maximum dimension less than 100 mils (2.54 mm);
(d) Multi-aperture forms baving 10 or more apertures;
(e) Thin film (including plated wire and plated rods) memory storage or
switching devices;
(f) Materials suitable for application in electromagnetic devices making
use of the gyro-magnetic resonance phenomenon.
(g) Rod forms possessing any of the following characteristics:
(1) Switching speed of 0.3 microsecond or faster at the minimum field
strength required for switching at 40°C (104.oP);
(2) A minimum dimension less than 10 roils (0.254 mm).
Single aperture forms described in sub-item (b) above, provided that they
have a switching speed of slower than 0.3 microsecond and a maxilnllln
dimension of 18 mils (0.46 mm) or more.
1595. Gravity meters (gravimeters) and specialised parts therefor,
designed or modified for airborne or marine use.
Group H. Metals, Minerals and their Manufactures
In this Group:
Raw materials cover all materials from which the metal can be usefully
extracted, ie ores, concentrates, matte, reguJus, residues and dross (ashes);
and
TRADE AND INt>US:TRV 12 OCTOBER 1 ~ 7 2 11
Unless provision to the contrary is made in particular items of the
definition, the words metal and alloys cover all crude and semi-fabricated
forms as follows:
Crude forms:
Anodes, balls, bars (including notched bars and wire bars), billets,
blocks, blooms, brickets, cakes, cathodes, crystals, cubes, dice, grains,
granules, ingots, lumps, pellets, pigs, powder, rondles, shot, 'slabs, slugs,
sponge, sticks:
Semi-fabricated forms (whether or not coated, plated, drilled or
punched):
(i) Wrought or worked material fabricated by rolling, drawing, extruding,
forging, impact extruding, pressing, graining, atomising and grinding,
ie angles, channels, circles, discs, dust, flakes, foil and leaf forgings,
plates, powder, pressings and stampings, ribbons, rings, rods (in-
cluding bare welding rods, wire rods and rolled wire), sections, shapes,
sheets, strip, pipe and tube (including tube rounds, squares and hol-
lows), drawn or extruded wire;
(ll) Cast material produced by casting in sand, die, metal, plaster or other
types of moulds, including high pressure castings, sintered forms, and
forms made by powder metallurgy.
1601. Anti-friction bearings, as follows:
(a) All ball and cylindrical roller bearings having an inner bore diameter of
10 mm or less and tolerances of ABEC 5, RBEC 5 (or equivalents)
of better and either or both of the following characteristics:
(1) Made of special materials, ie with rings, balls or rollers made from
any steel alloy or other material except the following:
Low-carbon steel; SAE-521oo high carbon chromium steel; SAE-
461Snickel molybdenum steel; or equivalents
(partial illustrative examples of special materials for this purpose
are: high-speed tool steels; stainless steel; monels; beryllium);
(2) Manufacture for use at normal operating temperatures over 150°C
(302°F) either by use of special materials or by heat treatment;
(b) All ball and cylindrical roller bearings (exclusive of separable ball
bearings and thrust ball bearings) having an inner bore diameter
exceeding 10 mm and having tolerances of ABEC 7, RBEC 7
(or equivalents) or better (ABEC 5 in the case of hollow bearings)
and either or both of the characteristics in (a) (1) or (a) (2) above:
(c) Bearing parts as follows:
Outer rings, inner rings, retainers, balls, rollers and sub-assemblies
usable only for bearings covered by sub-items (a) and (b).
1631. Magnetic metals of all types and of whatever form possessing one or
more of the following characteristics:
(a) Grain oriented sheet or strip of a thickness of 0.1 mm (0.004 in.) or
less;
(b) Initial permeability 70,000 gauss-oersteds (0.0875 Henry/m) or over;
(c) Remanence 98.5 per cent or over of maximum flux for materials
having magnetic permeability;
(d) A composition capable of an energy product;
(i) exceeding 8 times 10
8
gauss-oersteds (63,700 joules/m
S
); or
(H) 4.85 times 10' gauss-oersteds (38,600 joules/m
3
) or greater and
having a coercive force of 1,800 oersteds (143,200 amperes/m) or
greater.
1635. Iron and steels, alloyed as follows:
(a) Containing 10 per cent or more molybdenum (but more than 5 per cent
molybdenum in any alloys containing more than 14 per cent chrom-
ium); except products obtained by casting and having a carbon con-
tent of more than 1.5 per cent;
(b) Nickel bearing stabilised steels, not elsewhere specified, having a total
of 38 per cent or more of alloying elements, except such steels con-
taining less than 0.4 per cent titanium or less than 0.8 per cent niobium-
tantalum.
Explanatory Note: For the purpose of calculating the 38 per cent cut-
off, the maximum of the range specified for each element is to be taken.
In the absence of a special maximum for titanium or niobium-tantalum,
the figure of 0.4 per cent shall be used to indicate the presence of titanium
or 0.8 per cent for niobium-tantalum. The 38 per cent cut-off must not be
exceeded to take account of manufacturing or other tolerances. Alloying
elements means all constituents other than iron.
(c) Precipitation hardening steels containing 4 per cent or more nickel.
Explanatory Note: Precipitation hardening steels, containing 4 per cent
or more nickel, are steel alloys designed for solid separation of critical
constituents at sub-critical temperatures. These steels are usually identified
by their content of one or more precipitation agents.
1648. Cobalt based alloys (ie containing a higher percentage by weight of
cobalt than of any other element), as follows:
(a) Containing 5 per cent or more of tantalum; or
(b) Dispersion strengthened containing more than 1 per cent of oxides of
thorium, aluminium, yttrium, zirconium or cerium; or
(c) Containing 0.05 per cent or more of scandium, yttrium, didYmium,
cerium, lanthanum, neodymium, or praseodYmium. .
1649. Niobium (columbium), as follows:
(a) Niobium-based alloys containing 60 per cent or more niobium or
niobium-tantalum in combination;
(b) Scrap forms of the alloys described in (a) above.
(See also Item I.L. 1760 and sub-item M.L. 20 (b».
aa TRADE AND INDUSTRY 12 OCTOBER 1972
1654. Magnesium base alloys containing 1 per cent or more of didYmiunl
cerium, lanthanum, neodymium, praseodymium, yttrium, or scandium:
and scrap forms thereof.
(See also sub-items AE 1 (g) and A.E. 35 (c) (1».
1658. Molybdenum metal with a purity of more than 99.9 per cent, and
alloys containing 97.5 per cent or more of molybdenum, except molYb-
denum metal wire or molybdenum alloy wire, and unalloyed sheets,
strips and tapes 50.8 cm (20 in.) or less in width.
1661. Nickel based alloys (ie containing a higher percentage by weight of
nickel than of any other element), as follows:
(a) With a combined content of aluminium and titanium greater than
11 per cent;
(b) Dispersion strengthened containing more than 1 per cent of oxides of
thorium, aluminium, yttrium, zirconium, cerium, or lanthanum; or
(c) Containing 0.05 per cent or more of scandium, yttrium, didymium,
cerium, lanthanum, neodymium, or praseodymium.
1668. Tungsten metal, of 99.9 per cent or more purity, as follows:
(a) Pressed-sintered crude and semi-fabricated forms weighing more than
9 kg (20 lb.), except wire and sheet;
(b) Pressed-sintered porous crude andsemi-fabricatedforms weighingmore
than 6.8 kg (15 lb.), before infiltration, or more than 9 kg (20 lb.)
after infiltration.
Explanatory Notes: Sub-item (b) includes porous forms partially or
wholly infiltrated with other metals such as copper, magnesium, silver,
tin and/or zinc. Forms shall be regarded as porous if their density prior
to infiltration is between 13.5 and 16.4 g/cm
3
• The term 'infiltrated tung-
sten' does not include alloys.
The pressed-sintered porous structure (known as the skeleton) will be
of 99.9 per cent or more purity of tungsten before or after the infiltration
process.
1670. Tantalum as follows:
(a) Metal and tantalum-based alloys containing 60 per cent or more of
tantalum;
(b) Scrap forms of the metal and alloys described in sub-item (a) above.
(See also Items I.L. 1649 and I.L. 1760).
Sheet and strip 010.127 mm (0.005 in.) or more in thickness and wire, not
exceeding 10 kg (22Ih.) in total weight for one unit or coil;
Gauze andpreformed shapes for surgical use.
1671. Titanium as follows:
(a) Crude forms of titanium metal having a Brinell Hardness Number
(BHN) of less than 90;
(b) Titanium based alloys containing more than 70 per cent titanium in
crude or semi-fabricated forms except alloys made of;
(i) 6 per cent aluminium, 4 per cent vanadium and the balance
titanium;
(ii) 5 per cent aluminium, 2.5 per cent tin, and the balance titanium;
(iii) up to 0.3 per cent palladium and the balance titanium;
(iv) 2.5 per cent copper and the balance titanium;
(v) 4 per cent aluminium, 4 per cent molybdenum, 2 per cent tin,
0.5 per cent silicon and the balance titanium;
(vi) 8 per cent aluminium, 1 per cent molybdenum, 1 per cent vana-
dium and the balance, titanium;
(vii) 4 per cent aluminium, 3 per cent molybdenum, 1 per cent vana-
dium and the balance titanium;
(viii) 2 per cent copper, 2 per cent iron, 2 per cent molybdenum and the
balance titanium;
(ix) 5 per cent chromium, 3 per cent aluminium and the balance
titanium;
(x) 5.4 per cent aluminium, 4 per cent copper, 1.3 per cent iron,
1.25 per cent molybdenum and the balance titanium.
(c) Ferro-titanium containing more than 80 per cent titanium and less than
10 per cent iron;
(d) Scrap forms of the metal and alloys covered by (a) (b) and (c) above.
1673. Artificial graphite having an apparent relative density of 1.90 or
greater when compared with water at 15.5°C (60°F).
Explanatory Note: Artificial graphite as defined above which has been
coated or composited with other elements or compounds to improve its
performance at high temperatures or to reduce its permeability to gases
is to be regarded as included in the definition. The definition does not
apply to artificial graphite which has been impregnated or composited
with inorganic materials for the purpose of improving only its electrical
conductivity, its mechanical resistance or its mechanical friction pro-
perties or to electrical resistors, artificial loads for microwave application,
cable waveguide terminations, brush stock special joints for electrodes,
boats and crucibles.
Individual shipments of 25 kg (55 lb.) or less of pyro!itic graphite (ie
graphite made by vapour deposition at temperatures exeeding 1,500°C
(2,732°F) in crude or semi-fabricated forms, the dimension of anyone of
which does not exceed 10 cm (4 in.) in any direction.
Non-pyrolitic graphite, having a relative density of less than 1.95 which
not been coated or composited with other elements or compounds to improve
its performance at elevated temperatures or to reduce its permeability to
gaaes.
GrOUP I. Chemicalst MetaDohls and Petroleum products
1701. Lead azide, sodium azide and primary explosives or priming
compositions (mixtures) contaning azides and/or azide compounds or
complexes.
1702. Hydraulic fluids which are or which contain as the principal in-
gredients petroleum (mineral) oils and which have all the following charac-
teristics:
(a) a pour point of -34°C(- 30°F) or lower;
(b) a viscosity index of 75 or and
(c) are thermally stable at +371°C(+700°F).
1115. Boron, the following:
(a) Boron element, boron compounds and mixtures in which the boron
-10isotope comprises more than 20 per cent of the total boron content;
(b) Boron element (metal) all forms;
(c) Boron compounds, mixtures, and composites containing 5 per cent or
more of boron (except pharmaceutical specialities packaged for retail
sale), as follows:
(1) Boron carbide having a boron content of 74 per cent or more by
weight and composites thereof in crude or semi-fabricated forms;
(2) Boron nitride (hexagonal close-packed structure, white form) and
composites thereof in crude or semi-fabricated forms; other boron-
nitrogen compounds (eg borazanes, borazines, and boropyra-
zoyls);
(3) Boron hydrides (eg boranes), except sodium boron hydride,
potassium boron hydride, monoborane, diborane and triborane;
(4) Organoboron compounds, including metallo-organoboron com-
pounds;
(5) Borides with purities above 98.5 per cent and having melting points
of 2,OOO°C (3,632°F) or higher and composites thereof in crude
or semi-fabricated forms.
1746. Polymeric substances and manufactures thereof, as follows:
(a) Polyimides;
(b) Polybenzimidazoles;
(c) Potyimidazopyrrolones;
(d) Aromatic polyamides;
(e) Polyparaxylylenes.
Explanatory Note: It is not intended that this item shall include manu-
factured articles where the value of the polymeric component together
with materials mentioned in other items appearing in this schedule is less
than 50 per cent of the total value of the article.
(See also Item I.L. 1564.)
1754. Fluoro-carbon compounds and manufactures as' follows:
(a) Monomeric and polymeric materials, as follows:
(l) Polytetrafluoroethylene, coagulated dispersion grades only;
(2) Polychlorotrifluoroethylene, oily and waxy modifications only;
(3) Polyvinylidene fluoride;
(4) Copolymers and terpolymers composed of any combination of the
following monomers: tetrafluoroethylene, chlorotrifluoroethylene,
vinylidene fluoride, hexafluoroproDvlene and bromotrifluoro-
ethylene;
(5) Polybromotrifluoroethylene;
(6) Dibromotetrafluoroethane;
(7) Perfiuoroalkylamines;
(b) Greases, lubricants and dielectric, damping and flotation fluids
made wholly of any of the materials in (a) above;
(c) Electric wire and cable coated with or insulated with any of the
materials in (a) above.
Polytetrafluoroethylene coagulate dispersion grades, with a steady state
extrusion pressure in excess of 703 kilogrammes per square centimetre
(10,000 pounds per square inch).
1755. Silicone fluids and greases, as follows:
(a) FluJrinated silicone fluids;
(b) Silicone lubricating greases capable of operating at temperatures of
180°C (356°F) or higher and having a drop point (method of test
being ASTM and ITP) of 220°C (428°F) or higher.
Silicone lubricating greases not capable of operating at temperatures of
205°C (400°F) or higher.
1757. Compounds and metallic materials, as follows:
(a) Monocrystalline silicon wafers, including epitaxially-Iayered types,
having the following characteristics: .
(1) Dislocation densities of 750 per sq. cm or less; and
(2) Resistivity of less than 70 ohm x cm for N-type; less than
100 ohm x cm for P-type.
(b) Monocrystalline gallium compounds in any form;
(c) Monocrystalline indium compounds in any form.
Explanatory Note: Sub-items (b) and (c) above do not include elec-
tronic grades of monocrystalline materials, containing less than 1 per cent
of either gallium or indium.
1
Material conveyed by sub-item (a) above having a dislocation density of
5per sq. cm or less and a resistivity of15 ohm x cm or less.
1760. Compounds of tantalum and niobium (columbium), as follows:
(a) Tantalates and niobates having a purity of 98 per cent or more;
(b) Other compounds containing 20 per cent or more of tantalum in
which the niobiumcontent withrespect to tantalumis less one·p4rt
per thousand.
(See also Items I.L. 1649 and I.L. 1670.)
1762. Aluminium hydride.
Individual shipments not exceeding 10 kg ofaluminium hydride.
. 1763. Fibrous and filamentary materials which may be used in composite
structures or laminates and manufactures thereof, as follows:
(a) Having both of the following characteristics:
(1) Specific modulus greater than 1.25 x 10
8
;
(2) Specific tensile strength greater than 3 x 10
8
;
(b) Having both of the following characteristics:
(1) Specific modulus greater than 1 x 10
8
;
(2) Melting or sublimation point higher than 1,649°C (3,OOO°F) in an
inert environment: except carbonfibres having a specific modulus
of less than 2 x 10
8
and specific tensile strength ofless than 1 x 10'.
(c) Composite structures and laminates, including metal matrix com-
posite materials, fabricated by using equipment covered by Item 13S7,
or by metal casting, or by strengthening eutectic alloys in situ by
directional solidification, from materials covered by sub-items (a) and
(b) above.
Explanatory Notes:
1. The term 'fibrous and filamentary materials' includes:
(a) continuous monofilament;
(b) continuous yams and rovings;
(c) tapes, woven fabrics and random mats;
(d) chopped fibres, staple fibres and coherent blankets;
(e) whiskers, either monocrystalline or polycrystalline, of any length.
2. 'Specific modulus' is Young's modulus in Ib./in.
1
(measured at a
temperature of 23°C ±2°C (73.4°F ±3.6°F) and a relative humidity of
SO per cent ±5 per cent) divided by density in lb./cu. in.
3. 'Specific tensile strength' is ultimate tensile strength in Ib./in.
1
measured
at a temperature of 23°C ± 2°C(73.4OF ± 3.6°F) and a relative humidity
of SO per cent ±5 per cent divided by density in lb./cu. in.
1770. Any liquid fuel, including petroleum products, having a gross
calorific value of not less than 23,400 BTUlIb. (13,000 cal./g) which con-
tains high energy components or compounds.
1781. Synthetic lubricating oils and greases, as follows:
(a) Oils and greases which are or which contain as their principal ingredi-
ent, the following:
(1) Monomeric and polymeric forms of perfluorotriazines, per-
fluoroaromatic ethers and esters, and perfluoroaliphatic ethers and
esters;
(2) Polyphenyl ethers containing more than three phenyl groups;
(b) Oils and greases which contain as their principal ingredient esters of
trimethylol propane or trimethylol ethane or pentaerythritol with
saturated monobasic acids containing more than six carbon atoms.
Explanatory Note: Sub-item (b) covers only formulated lubricants,
not the esters themselves.
Excluded from parts (a) (1) and (b) above are those oils and greases con-
taining by weight either
(a) not less than 50 per cent of neutral castor oil; or
(b) not less than S per cent of neutral castor oil and not less than SO per
cent of castor oil and petroleum oil together.
Reasonable quantities of appropriate types of lubricants described in
sub-item (b) above for use in civil aircraft being exported, or having been
exported.
Group J. Synthetic Rubber and Synthetic Film
1801. Synthetic rubber, the following:
(a) Alkyl polysulphide liquid polymers;
Explanatory Note: The definition is intended to cover polymers
which are themselves liquid. Water dispersions, otherwise called latices,
are not covered.
(b) Fluorinated silicone rubber and other fluorinated elastomeric material
and such organic intermediates for their production as contain 10 per
cent or more of combined fluorine;
(c) Polymeric products ofbutadiene, as follows:
(1) Carboxyl terminated polybutadiene; hydroxyl terminated poly-
butadiene; thiol terminated polybutadiene; and cyclised 1,2
7
polybutadiene;
(2) Mouldable copolymers of butadiene and acrylic acid;
(3) Mouldable terpolymers of butadiene, acrylonitrile and
acid or any of the homologues of acrylic acid;
(d) Carboxyl terminated polyisoprene and polyisobutylene.
1920. Synthetic film of a thickness not exceeding 0.0254 mm (0.001 in.)
capable of being used as a dielectric in the manufacture of capacitors
covered by Item 1560, made from the following:
(a) Polysulphone (not otherwise covered by Item 1746);
(b) Polycarbonate capable of being used nn the manufacture of capacitors
that can operate permanently without derating at temperatures
exceeding I1SoC (239°F);
(c) Fluoro-earbon compounds covered by Item 1754.
Explanatory Note: The production of a dielectric film requires not only
a low thickness tolerance but also the constant permittivity of the insulator
used.
TRADE AND INDUSTRY 12 OCTOBER 1972 a