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metres) defence and having a calibre ofless than 9 mm parabellum,· Sportint

Consolidated list of or hunting weapons having at least one rifled and one smooth-bore barrel,·
Rifled-bore sporting or hunting weapons with manually operated cart-
ridge ejection and reloading, and having a magazine capacity limited to
goods subject to 5 cartridges,· and
Rifles, carbines or pistols designed only for sporting purposes or capable 0/
being used only for ornamental purposes.
security expo,rt M.L.2. Large calibre armament or weapons and projectors, as follows:

control (a) Guns, howitzers, cannon, mortars, tank destroyers, projectile and
rocket launchers, military flame throwers, recoilless rifles;
(b) Millitary smoke, gas and pyrotechnic projectors;
(c) All specifically designed components and parts for the foregoing.
THE ATTENTION of manufacturers and exporters is drawn to the
following Schedule of goods which replaces the list appearing in the M.L.3. Ammunition and all specifically designed components and parts
thereof, for the weapons enumerated under Items M.L.t and M.L.2.
Board of Trade Journal for October 8, 1969 (as amended). This
Target ammunition,·
Schedule defines goods which may be subject to export restrictions Cartridges with an expanding bullet of the type used for hunting or sport,·
for reasons of national security. The licensing requirement applies to provided that such ammunition is for weapons described in the Note to M.L.t.
most destinations but the security implications arise principally in
relation to exports to Albania, Bulgaria, China, Czechoslovakia, M.L.4. Bombs, torpedoes, rockets and missiles (guided or un-guided), as
follows:
the Eastern Zone of Germany, Hungary, Mongolia, North Korea,
(a) Bombs, torpedoes, grenades (including smoke grenades), smoke
North Vietnam, Poland, Romania and the USSR. For other canisters, rockets, mines, missiles (guided or unguided), depth charges,
destinations licences will be more freely available, but restrictions fire bombs, incendiary bombs, and military demolition charges, de-
will apply in some cases, particularly for goods in the ML and AB vices and kits, pyrotechnic flare signals for military use, cartridges and
lists. simulators; and all specifically designed components and parts therefor;
(b) Apparatus and devices specifically designed for the handling, control;
The restrictions do not represent a total ban on exports, even to the activation, launching, laying, sweeping, discharging, detonation or
areas named above, of all goods in the Schedule. Export licences will detection of items enumerated in sub-item (a); and all specifically
be allowed for many types of goods, but each case is considered in- designed components and parts therefor;
dividually. Goods covered by the notes in italics will be allowed in (c) Military fuel thickeners specifically formulated for the purpose of
producing materials which, when added to petroleum products,
most normal circumstances and in other cases applications will be provide a gel-type incendiary material for use in bombs, projectiles,
considered provided they are accompanied by full supporting informa- flame throwers or other implements of war.
tion, including a precise description of the goods involved, the use to
which they are to be put and the ultimate user of the goods. It should be M.L.5. Fire control equipment and range finders, as follows:
noted that this type of information, where available, greatly assists (a) Fire control, gun laying, night sighting, missile tracking and guidance
in the provision of any export licences. equipment;
(b) Range, position and height finders, and spotting instruments specially
The purpose of these restrictions may be defeated if the countries designed for military purposes;
mentioned above are supplied with technological information (c) Aiming devices, electronic, gyroscopic, acoustic and optical, specially
relating to the goods appearing in the Schedule. Great care should, designed for military purposes;
therefore, be taken to prevent this happening-for example, when (d) Bomb sights, bombing computers, gun sights and periscopes, specially
designed for military purposes;
technicians or students from these countries are visiting or being (e) Television sighting units specially designed for military use;
trained at British factories. Where manufacturers or exporters wish (f) Components, parts, accessories, and attachments specifically designed
to conclude agreements involving the supply of technology to any for the articles enumerated in sub-items (a), (b), (c), (d) and (e) above.
of these countries, they should consult the Department of Trade &
M.L.6. Tanks, and vehicles specially designed for military purposes, as
Industry (CRE4 or the sponsoring branch for the industry concerned). follows:
This particularly applies to any case where it seems that the tech- (a) Tanks and self-propelled guns;
nology involved might assist the manufacture of goods in the Sched- (b) Military type armed or armoured vehicles and vehicles fitted with
ule. mountings for arms;
The Schedule is prepared for general information and guidance. It (c) Armoured railway trains;
(d) Military half tracks;
does not, in this form, have the force of law, nor does it deal with (e) Military type recovery vehicles;
all goods which are subject to export licensing control. For the (f) Gun carriers and tractors specially designed for towing artillery;
complete Schedule of goods which currently require licensing, ref- (g) Trailers, specifically designed to carry ammunition;
erence should be made to the Export of Goods (Control) Order, 1970, (h) Amphibious and deep water fording military vehicles;
(i) Military mobile repair shops specifically designed to service military
as amended. Amendments will shortly be made to this Statutory equipment;
Order to give effect to the changes shown in the Schedule. Addition- (j) All other specially designed military vehicles;
ally, manufacturers and exporters are advised that this list is not (k) Pneumatic tyre casings (excluding tractor and farm implement types)
necessarily exhaustive and that further amendments may be issued of a kind specially constructed to be bullet proof or to run when
deflated;
from time to time-indeed it is hoped that the first amendment sheet (1) All specifically designed components and parts for the foregoing.
will not be long delayed. Any amendments will also be reflected in
similar amendments to the Statutory Order. M.L.7 Toxicological agents, and tear gas, as follows:
General inquiries about the Schedule should be addressed to the (a) Biological, chemical and radio-active materials adapted for use in war
Commercial Relations and Exports Division (CRE4), Department to produce casualties in men or animals, or to damage crops;
(b) Equipment specifically designed and intended for the dissemination of
of Trade & Industry, Dean Bradley House, 52 Horseferry Road, the materials described in sub-item (a);
London SW1P 2AG (telephone number 01-799 5688, ext. 20 or 22) (c) Equipment specifically designed and intended for defence against the
or to the appropriate sponsoring branch for the industry. Applica- materials described in sub-item (a), and for their detection and identi-
tions for export or transhipment licences should be addressed to the fication.
(d) Components and parts specially designed for the items listed in (b) and
Export Licensing Branch, Department of Trade & Industry, Norman (c) above;
Shaw Building (North), Victoria Embankment, London SWIA 2JB (e) Tear gas and equipment for the dissemination thereof.
(telephone number 01-930 4349) to whom inquiries should be made
M.L.8. Powders, explosives, propellants and stabilisers therefor, as
in any case of doubt as to whether export licences are required. follows:
Further copies of the Schedule may be obtained from either the (a) Powders and liquid or solid propellants for the articles enumerated in
Export Licensing Branch or CRE4. Items 3, 4 and 7, and stabilisers therefor;
(b) Military high explosives and stabilisers therefor;
(c) Chemical base high energy solid or liquid fuels specially formulated
Munitions list for military purposes;
(d) Fuming nitric acid.
M.L.t. Small arms and machine guns, as follows:
Propellants and explosives norn'ally usedfor civilian or industrialpurposes or
(a) Rifles, carbines, revolvers, pistols, machine pistols and machine made into cartridges or charges of an exclusively civilian or industrial
guns; nature.
(b) All specifically designed components and parts therefore
Pistols (non-automatic or semi-automatic) for short range (less than 25 M.L.9. Vessels of war, and: special naval equipment, as· follows:
TRA!)1i A~'D INDUSTRY 12 OCTOBER 1972 IJI
<a) Combatant vessels or vessels designed for offensive or defensive action M.L.17. Miscellaneous equipment and materials, as follows:
(surface or under-water) whether or not converted to non-military (a) Self-contained diving and underwater swimming apparatus as follows:
use and regardless of current state of repair or operating condition, (1) Closed and semi-closed circuit (rebreathing) apparatus;
and hulls or parts of hulls for such vessels; (2) Specially designed components for use in the conversion of open-
(b) (1) Diesel engines of 1,500 horse power and over with rotary speed of circuit apparatus to military use;
700 revolutions per minute or over, specially designed for sub- (3) Articles exclusively designed for military use with self-contained
marines; diving and underwater swimming apparatus;
(2) Electric motors specially designed for submarines ie, over 1,000 (b) Bayonets;
horse power quick reversing type, liquid cooled and totally (c) Fire arms silencers (mufflers);
enclosed; (d) Power controlled searchlights and control units therefor, designed for
(3) Non-magnetic diesel engines, 50 horse power and over, specially military use;
designed for military purposes; (e) Construction equipment built to military specifications, specially
An engine shall be presumed to be specially designed for military designed for airborne transport.
purposes if:
(i) it has non-magnetic parts otherthan crankcase, block, head, pistons, M.L.tS. (a) Specialised machinery, equipment, and gear specially de-
covers, end plates, valve facings, gaskets and fuel, lubrication and signed for the examination, manufacture, testing and checking of
other supply lines; or the arms, ammunition, appliances and machines referred to in this
(ii) its non-magnetic content exceeds 75 per cent of total weight; Group;
(c) Magnetic, pressure, and acoustic underwater detection devices specially (b) Vibration testing equipment (except mechanical types), capable of
designed for military purposes; controls and components thereof; providing a thrust greater than 2,000 lb and specialised ancillary
(d) Submarine and torpedo nets; equipment therefore
(e) Compasses and equipment therefor and ship's course indicators, Equipment used to determine the safety data of explosives, as required by
specially designed for submarines; the International Convention on the Transport of Dangerous Goods (CIM),
(f) Components, parts, accessories and attachments for the foregoing article 3 and 4 in Annex I RID, provided that such equipment will be used
such as turrets, naval gun mounts. submarine batteries and catapults. only by the railway authorities of current CIM member countries for testing
explosives to transport safety standards, as follows:
M.L.IO. Aircraft and helicopters, of the piloted or pilotless types and (a) Equipment for determining the ignition and defiagration temperatures;
aero-engines and aircraft or helicopter equipment, associated equipment (b) Equipment for steel-shell tests:
and components, specially designed for military purposes as set out (c) Drop hammers not exceeding 20 kg. in weight for determining the
below: sensitivity ofexplosives to shock,.
(a) Combat aircraft and helicopters and other aircraft and helicopters (d) Equipment for determining the friction sensitivity of explosives when
specially designed for military purposes, including military recon- exposed to charges not exceeding 36 kg. in weight.
naissance, assault, military training and logistic support, and all
aircraft and helicopters having special structural features such as M.L.t9. Environmental chambers capable of pressures below lQ-4 Torr,
multiple hatches, special doors, ramps, reinforced floors and the and specialised parts, components and ancillary equipment therefore
like, for transporting and airdropping troops, military equipment Explanatory Note: This item is not intended to cover equipment fitted
and supplies; aero-engines specially designed or adapted for use with such industrial machinery as is not described in this list such as
with such aircraft and helicopters, with the exception of aero-engines coating machinery not elsewhere specified, and equipment for the casting
excepted under the note to Item 1460 (c) (Group E); and component of plastics.
parts thereof;
(b) Airborne equipment, including airborne refuelling equipment, spec- M.L.20. Cryogenic equipment, as follows:
ially designed for use with the aircraft and helicopters and the engines (a) equipment designed for maintaining an ambient temperature below
of the types of aircraft and helicopters covered by sub-item (a) and -170° centigrade ( - 274 0 Fahrenheit):
component parts thereof;
(c) Pressure refuellers, pressure refuelling equipment, equipment specially (1) Designed for use in marine, airborne or space applications; or
designed to facilitate operations in confined areas and ground equip- (2) Ruggedised for mobile ground use;
ment not elsewhere specified, developed specially for aircraft and (b) Electrical, magnetic and electronic equipment or components, and
helicopters, aircraft and helicopter engines covered by sub-item (a); electrical conductors, specially designed for operation continuously or
(d) Pressurised breathing equipment and partial pressure suits for use in discontinuously at ambient temperatures below -170° centigrade
aircraft and helicopters; anti-'G' suits; military crash helmets; para- (-274° Fahrenheit) as follows:
chutes used for combat personnel, cargo-dropping, and aircraft (1) Superconductive metals, alloys, compounds, composites and
deceleration; liquid oxygen converters used for aircraft, helicopters intercalate materials, except wire (filaments) having a cross-
and missiles; catapults, and cartridge actuated devices utilised in sectional area of 4.42 x 10-3 sq. mm. (or 75 microns diameter) or
emergency escape of personnel from aircraft and helicopters. greater;
(2) Components, the following:
M.L.II. Electronic equipment specially designed for military use; and (i) Josephson effect devices
components and parts therefore (ii) Dayem bridges
(iii) proximity effect bridges
M.L.12. Photographic equipment, as follows: (iv) super-normal-super (SNS) proximity devices
(a) (1) Air reconnaissance cameras and associated equipment designed (v) memory and logic devices
and used for military purposes; (vi) phase slip devices;
(2) Film processing and printing machines designed and used for (3) High field-high current density super-conductive magnets rated
military purposes; for producing magnetic fields of 30 kilogauss or greater at current
(b) Other cameras and other devices recording on film specially designed densities of 10,000 amperes per square centimetre or greater and
and used for military purposes, and specialised equipment designed specialised components therefor, except magnets with coil out-
to make the recorded information militarity useful; side diameter greater than 5 cm. and less than 50 cm.
(c) All specially designed components and parts for the foregoing. (4) Superconducting electrical equipment (rotating machines and
transformers) designed for use in marine or airborne applications,
M.L.13. Special armoured equipment, as follows: and specialised components therefor;
(a) Armour plate: (c) Specially designed accessories, sub-assemblies, parts or components
(b) Military helmets; for sub-items (a) and (b).
(c) Body armour and flak suits; Niobium-tantalum superconductive alloy wire or composite in quantities not
(d) Components and parts specially designed for equipment in (c) above. exceeding 10 kilograms.
M.L.22. Electrically triggered shutters of the carbon injection or photo-
M.L.14. Specialised military training equipment, as follows: chromic function type having a shutter speed of less than 100 micro-
(a) Specialised military training equipment; >
seconds, except shutters which are an essential part of a high speed
(b) Components, parts. attachments and accessories specially designed camera.
for such equipment. ,

M.L.15. Military infra-red equipment and image intensifier equipment Atomic energy list
and specialised components therefore
(See also items I.L.1S02 1555 and I.L. 1556.) A.E.I. Source (fertile) the fissionable materials, including, but not
limited to, the following eight items:
M.L.16. Munitions components and materials, as follows: (a) Minerals, raw and treated (including residues and tailings), which
(a) Brass and Bronze fabrications for primer anvils, fabrications for contain either uranium or th~rium or any combination thereof, exceed-
bullet caps (gilding metal clad steel), cartridge link, primer cap, shell ing 0.05 per cent by weight, as follows:
rotating band; · (i) Ores containing uranium including pitchblende;
(0) Copper rotating bands for shells, and other copper munitions com- (ii) Monazite and monazite sands;
ponents; (Hi) Ores containing thorium including urano-thorianite;
(c) Gilding metal clad steel; (b) Natural uranium, unwrought or wrought, including alloys and
(d) Rough steel forainas, steel and alloy castings for guns and for arms. compounds of natural uranium, having a uranium content exceeding
.~ TRADE AND INDUSTRY 12 OCTOBER 1972
0.05 per cent, excepting medicinals; A.E.IS. Chlorine trifluoride.
(c) Uranium 233, alloys containing uranium 233 and compounds of Shipments containing up to 5 kg of chlorine trifluoride
uranium 233;
(d) Uranium enriched in the isotope 235, alloys containing uranium A.E.18. Equipment specifically designed for the separation of isotopes of
enriched in the isotope 235, and compounds of uranium enriched uranium and/or lithium.
in the isotope 235;
(e) Irradiated uranium containing plutonium; , A.E.19. Machines, materials or equipment specially designed for use
(f) Plutonium, alloys containing plutonium and compounds containing in the processing of irradiated nuclear materials in order to isolate or
plutonium; recover fissionable materials, such as nuclear reactor fuel chopping
(g) Thorium, unwrought or wrought, and alloys and compounds con- machines, countercurrent solvent extractors, and specially designed parts
taining thorium excluding alloys containing less than 1.5 per cent of and accessories therefore
thorium by weight and except medicinals;
(h) Irradiated thorium containing uranium 233. A.E.23. Any plant specially designed for the production of uranium
(a) Individual shipments of up to 100 kg of contained thorium in com- hexafluoride (UF6)'
pounds and up to 1 kg of thorium metal,'
(b) Individual shipments of up to 1 kg of natural and/or depleted A.E.24. Valves, 3 cm or greater in diameter, with bellows, seal, wholly
uranium; made of or lined with aluminium, nickel, or alloy containing 60 per cent
(c) Individual shipments of up to 1,000 kg of depleted uranium if con- or more nickel, either manually or automatically operated.
tained in shielding specially designed for teletherapy, radiography Metal to metal seat valves for non-atomic energy purposes.
or radioactive thermo-electric generators, and supplied together
with such apparatus; A.E.29. Gas centrifuges capable of the enrichment or separation of
(d) Subsequent shipments of fuel for civil research and power reactors isotopes and specially designed parts and equipment for gas centrifuges and
exported under the Note to Item A.E.36,o gas centrifuges installations.
(e) Individual shipments ofup to 1/100 micro-curie ofmaterials described
in (c), (d), (e), (f) and (h); Gas centrifuges specially designed for industrial use and not suitable for
(f) Depleted uranium fabricated in the form of counterweights either atomic energy production use.
installed as integral parts of or supplied as replacements part for
aircraft not described in this list. A.E.30. Blowers and compressors (turbo, centrifugal and axial flow types),
(g) Individual shipments of up to 100 mg of materials described in (d) wholly made of or lined with aluminium, nickel, or alloy containing 60
and (f) above in the form of targets for nuclear research purposes per cent or more nickel, and having a capacity of 60 cubic feet per minute
provided that the material is subject to the Safeguards System of (1,700 litres per minute) or greater.
the International Atomic Energy Agency.
(h) Individual shipments of up to 1,000 kg of thorium nitrate (mantle A.E.31. Electrolytic cells for the production of fluorine with a production
grade) for use in the production of thoriated gas mantles. capacity greater than 250 g or fluorine per hour; majorcomponents thereof.

A.E.S. DeuteriulTI and production equipment therefor, as follows: A.E.33. Heat exchangers suitable for use in gaseous diffusion plants, i.e.
(a) Deuterium and compounds, mixtures and solutions containing heat exchangers made of aluminium, copper, nickel, or alloy containing
deuterium, including heavy water and heavy paraffins, in which the more than 60 per cent nickel, or combinations of these metals as clad
ratio of deuterium atoms to hydrogen atoms exceeds 1:5,000 by tubes, designed to operate at sub-atmospheric pressure, with a leak rate
number; of less than 1(T4 atmospheres per hour under a pressure differential of 1
(b) Plant an~ equipment specially designed for the production and/or atmosphere.
concentration of deuterium oxide.
A.E.34. Artificial graphite having a boron content of less than or equal to
Individual shipments containing up to 10 kg of deuterium, except as 1 part per million, the total thermal absorption cross section being less
limited by sub-item A.E.35 (b); than or equal to 5 millibarns per atom.
Subsequent shipments of deuterium for use in reactors exported under
the Note to Item A.E.36. (See also Item I.L. 1673).
Individual shipments of up to 100 kg. of artificial graphite as specified
A.E.8. Zirconium metal, alloys containing more than 50 per cent zir- above;
conium by weight and compounds in which the ratio of hafnium content Subsequent shipments of artificial graphite as specified above in reactors
to zirconium content is less than one part to 500 parts by weight, and exported as exceptions to Item A.E.36 as defined in the note thereto.
manufactures wholly thereof.
(a) Individual shipments of up to 5 kg of hafnium-free zirconium; A.E.3S. Lithium, as follows:
(b) Individual shipments of up to 200 kg of hafnium-free zirconium in the (a) Metal;
form of foil or strip having a thickness not exceeding 0.00095 in. and (b) Hydrides, in which lithium, whether normal, depleted or enriched in
specially fabricated and intended for use in photo flash bulbs,' the 6 isotope, is compounded with hydrogen or its isotopes or com-
(c) Finished parts of zirconium metal or its alloys specially designed for plexed with other metals or aluminium hydride;
an identified civil research or power reactor provided that none of the (c) Alloys, as follows:
parts contain fissile materials and the importing country has agreed to (l) Magnesium-based alloys containing 10 per cent or more lithium
the application of the safeguards of the International Atomic Energy (2) Containing 50 per cent or more of lithium either normal or
Agency (IAEA) to the nuclear reactor facility; depleted in the 6 isotope; or
(d) One-time shipments not exceeding 100 kg of contained zirconium (3) Containing any quantity of lithium enriched in the 6 isotope; or
metal or parts made therefrom when intended for use in or in support
of, an identified civil research or power reactor facility over which it is (d) Any other material containing lithium enriched in the 6 isotope,
contemplated that lAEA safeguards would be applied. including compounds, mixtures and concentrates.
Shipments containing up to 1 kg. of lithium metal not enriched in the
A.E.II. Nickel as follows: 6 isotope or up to 10 kg. of lithium hydride, either completed with other
Powder, having a nickel content of not less than 99 per cent and a particle metals or not, in which the lithium is not enriched in the 6 isotope and is not
size of less than 100 microns; and Porous metal having a mean pore size compounded with the heavier isotopes of hydrogen.
not exceeding 25 microns and a nickel content of not less than 99 per
cent except single porous nickel metal sheets not exceeding 144 in 2 (930 A.E.36. Nuclear reactor, i.e. reactors capable of operation so as to main-
cm2) for use in batteries with civil applications. tain a controlled, self-sustaining fission chain reaction; major components
designed or intended for use in a nuclear reactor such as reactor vessels,
(See also Item I.L. 1661). core support structures, coolant pumps, fuel element handling equipment,
Explanatory Note: Porous nickel as defined above refers to porius metal heat exchangers and control rod drive mechanisms; power generating andl
manufactured from nickel powder as defined above, which has been or propulsion equipment not elsewhere specified, specially designedfor use
compacted and sintered to form a metal materia! with fine pores inter- with nuclear reactors.
connected throughout the structure. Civil research andpower reactors provided that countries to which they are
Nickel powder in uncompacted powder form not made by the carbonyl destinedsupport the InternationalAtomicEnergy Agencysystem ofsafeguards.
process.
Individual shipments of up to 50 kg of nickel powder in uncompacted A.E.31. Hafnium metal, and alloys and compounds of hafnium con·
powder form made by the carbonyl process. taining more than 15 per cent hafnium by weight.
A.E.12. Beryllium metal and manufactures wholly thereof, except Shipments of up to 1 kg. of contained hafnium.
beryllium windows for medical X-ray machines; alloys containing more
than 50 per cent of beryllium by weight; oxides and other compounds A.E.38. Calcium containing both less than one-hundredth (0.01) per cent
by weight of impurities other than magnesium and less than 10 parts per
Individual shipments of the above products containing up to: million of boron.
500 g of beryllium of a purity of 99 per cent or less; or Shipments containing up to 25 kg. calcium as defined above.
100 g of beryllium (except single crystals), with a purity greater than
99 per cent; or
5 kg of beryllium contained in compounds with a purity of less than A.E.39. Tritium, its compounds, and their mixtures in which the ratio
99 per cent. of tritium to hydrogen by atorns exceeds one part in 1,000.
Explanatory Notes:
A.E.14. Fluorine. (1) The only compounds and mixtures excluded by this definition are
Shipments containing up to 25 kg offluorine those where the separation of the tritium from it:> compounds cannot
'·RA[)'.; AND INDUSTRY 12 OCTOBER 1972 •
result in the evolution of an isotopic mixture of hydrogen in which the 1081. Machinery for use in the manufacture of aircraft, as follows:
ratio of tritium to hydrogen by atoms exceeds one part in 1,000. (a) Machinery specially designed for the working or forming of air-
(2) The quantities of tritium specified below contained in the following craft sheet, plate or extrusion;
sJ?C:cified classes of products are excluded from coverage by this defi- (b) Machinery specially designed for the milling of aircraft skin.
nItIon:
(a) Labelled compounds not exceeding 100 curies per shipment;
(b) Self-luminous products, gas and aerosol detectors, electron tubes, 1086. Machines specially designed for the manufacture of jet engines, the
lightning or static electricity gradient meters, devices designed for following:
the ionisation of air, including static elimination devices, ion (a) Jet engine compressor case boring machines;
generating tubes, detector cells of gas chromatography devices, (b) Jet engine compressor or turbine disc turning machines;
and calibration standards; (c) Jet engine rotor grinders.
provided that each product or device contains not more than 40
curies of tritium in any chemical or physical form. 1088. Gear making and/or finishing machinery, as follows:
Individual shipments containing up to 100 curies of tritium, except as (a) Gear grinding machines, generating type, capable of accepting gear
limited by sub-item (b) ofA.E.35; blanks of 36 in. (914 mm.) work diameter or more;
Individual shipments containing up to 500 curies of tritium when con- (b) Gear grinding machines, generating type, designed to grind gears to
tained in luminous paint, or in a paint constituent.· in the form of tritium a face-width of 7 in. (177 mm.) or more, for the production of helical
activated zinc sulphide phosphor in which the tritiating agent is a com- or herring-bone gears.
pound containing part of its chemically bound hydrogen in the form of a (c) Capable of the production of gears of a module finer than 0.5 mm.
tritium isotope. (diametral pitch finer than 48) and meeting a quality standard better
A.E.40. Neutron generator tubes designed for operation without an than DIN 58405 Class 7.
external vacuum system, and utilising electrostatic acceleration to induce Explanatory Note: If rated in AGMA or Admiralty standards and not
a tritium-deuterium nuclear reaction. rated in DIN 58405, AGMA 10 or Admiralty Class 11 shall be considered
Types technically the same as those already exported. . to be the equivalent of DIN 58405 Class 7.

A.E.41. PrOcess control instrumentation specially designed or modified 1091. Numerical control systems, as follows:
for monitoring or controlling the processing of irradiated fissionable or
fertile materials or irradiated lithium. (a) Units for numerically controlling co-ordinated simultaneous (con-
(See also Item A.E.19). touring and continuous path) movements of machine tools and dimen-
sional inspection machines in two or more axes, except units having
all of the following characteristics:
(i) Hardwired;
(ii) No more than 2 axes can be simultaneously co-ordinated;
(iii) Tape reader speed equal to or less than:
(1) 300 characters per second for non-buffered units, or
(2) 150 characters per second for buffered units;
(iv) Minimum programmable increment equal to or greater than
0.0001 in. (0.002 mm.);
Industrial list (v) Without interface to allow direct computer input.
Group A. Metal-Working Machinery (b) Machine tools and dimensional inspection machines equipped or
1016. Grinding heads and spindle assemblies (consisting of spindles and capable, according to the manufacturer's technical specifications, of
bearings as a minimal assembly) designed or rated for operation at speeds being optionally equipped with controls covered by sub-item (a) above,
in excess of 120,000 revolutions per minute and machines specially designed except:
for the utilisation of such grinding heads. (i) boring mills, milling machines, and machining centres, having all
Explanatory Note: This definition does not cover hand-held drills. of the following characteristics:
(1) Maximum slide travel in any axis equal to or less than 8 ft.
1072. Presses and specialised controls, accessories and parts therefor, (2,400 mm.);
as follows: (2) Positioning accuracy of any axis equal to or greater than ±
(a) Presses (stabilised equipment using rams) for applying high impact 0.0004 in. per foot and 0.0002 in. for each additional foot
energy work forces through use of explosives or compressed gases (± 0.01 mm. per 330 mm. and 0.005 mm. for each additional
including air; 300 mm.);
(b) Presses specially designed or redesigned for the working or forming (3) Maximum contouring feed rate for metal cutting equal to or
of metals, alloys or other materials with a melting point exceeding less than 100 in. per minute (2,500 mm. per minute);
1,9000 centigrade; (4) Spindle horsepower equal to or less than 25 (20 KiloWatts);
(c) Hydraulic presses as follows: (5) Single spindle head;
(6) Not more than three numerically controlled axes of which no
(i) Vertical presses having a total rated force of over 10,000 tons: more than two can be simultaneously co-ordinated.
(ii) Horizontal presses having a total rated force of over 5,000 tons.
(ii) machine tools (other than the machines described in (i) above) and
(d)IIsostatic press systems as follows: dimensional inspection machines having all of the following character-
(i) capable of achieving a maximum workin~ pressure of 20,000 istics;
tb/inS (l,406 kg/cm I) or greater and possessing a chamber cavity (1) Positioning accuracy of any axis equal to or greater than ±
with an inside diameter in excess of 16 in. (40.6 cm), or 0.0004 in. per foot and 0.0002 in. for each additional foot (±
(ii) capable of achieving a maximum working pressure of 5,000 0.01 mm. per 300 mm. and 0.005 mm. for each additional 300
Ib./in . (351 kg./cm-,) or greater, and having a controlled thermal mm.);
'
environment within the closed cavity, except those possessing a (2) Not more than three numercially controlled axes of which no
chamber cavity with an inside diameter of less than 5 in. (127 mm.) more than two can be simultaneously co-ordinated.
and which are also capable of achieving and maintaining a con-
trolled thermal environment only between + 800 centigrade and (c) Specially designed sub-assemblies which can upgrade the capabilities
- 35° centigrade. of numerical control units and machine tools either so that they would
Explanatory Note: Isostatic presses are those capable of pressurising a be covered by sub-items s(a) or (b) above, or so that they would cease
closed cavity through various media (gas, liquid, solid particles, etc.) to to be covered by the Notes below.
create equal force in all directions within the cavity upon a work-piece or (a) Boring mills, milling machines and machining centres having all of the
material. following characteristics:
(e) Control equipment, accessories and parts which ar specially designed (1) Maximum slide travel in any axis equal to or less than 6 ft. (1,800
for the above presses. mm.);
Hydraulic presses described in sub-item (c) not specially designed for (2) Positioning accuracy of any axis equal to or greater than ± 0.0004
use in forming aircraft, missile or space vehicle parts, in powder metal- in. per foot and 0.0002 in. for each additional foot (± 0.01 mm. per
lurgy or in ceramics production where the total rated force is less than 300 mm. and 0.005 mm. for each additional 300 mm.);
30,000 tons for vertical presses and 10,000 tons or less for horizontalpresses.' (3) Single spindle head,'
and (4) Maximum contouring feed rate for metal cutting equal to or less
Parts included in sub-item (e) to service presses previously exported under than 100 in. per minute (2,500 mm. per minute);
the first part of this note. (5) Spindle horsepower equal to or less than 25 (20 KiloWatts);
(6) Not more than three numerically controlled co-ordinated simultan-
1075. Spin-forming and flow-forming machines, double support or three eous axes.
roller types, as follows: (b) Machine tools (other than the machines described in sub-paragraph (a)
(a) Horizontal spindle type designed to have and having a drive motor of above) and dimensional inspection machines having all of the following
80 h.p. (59 kW.) or more; characteristics. :
(b) Vertical spindle type designed to have and having a drive motor of (1) Positioning accuracy of any axis equal to or greater than ± 0.0004
SO h.p. (37 kW.) or more. in..per foot and 0.0002 in. for each additional foot (± 0.01 mm.
per 300 mm. and 0.005 mm. for each additional 300 mm.).·
1080. Machines and equipment specially designed for making or measur- (2) Not more than three numerically controlled co-ordinated simultane-
ing gas turbine blades. ous axes.
70 TRADE AND INDUSTRY 12 OCTOBER 1972
(c) Numercial ..:ontrol units: (946 litres) and an evaporation loss rate of less than 3 per cent per day as
(1) Exported with the machine tool or dimensional inspection machine determined at an ambient temperature of 24°C (7S°F) and without
(ie the machine tool or dimensional inspection machine is equipped exposure to direct sunlipt;
with a numerical control unit) exportable under the terms 0/ sub- (b) Specially designed for hquld ft.uorine;
paragraph (a) and (b) ofthis Note, and (c) Mobile equipment specially designed for liquid oxygen, nitrogen or
(2) Having all ofthe following characteristics: argon having a capacity exceeding 1,200 gallons (4,S42 litres) and an
evaporation loss rate of less than 1.5 per cent per day as determined at
(i) Hardwired,' an ambient temperature of 24°C (75°F) and without exposure to direct
(if) No more than 3 axes can be simultaneously co-ordinated' sunlight, except equipment with multi-Iaminar type insulation under
(ifi) Tape reader speed equal to or less than 300 charaete;s per vacuum.
second for buffered and non-buffered units; Containers described in sub-item (c).
(Iv) Minimum programmable increment equal to or greater than
0.0001 in. (0.002 mm.),'
(v) Without interface to allow direct computer input.
Group C. Electrical and Power-Generating Equipment
1203. Electric vacuum furnaces as follows:
(a) Consumable electrode vacuum arc furnaces with a capacity in excess
Group B. Chemical and Petroleum Equipment of 5 tons;
1110. Gas liquefying equipment, as follows: (b) Skull type vacuum arc furnaces;
(c) Induction vacuum furnaces, as follows;
(a) Equip.ment for the production of liquid hydrogen, except plants with a
capacity of less than one-and-a-half tons per 24-hour day and not (i) cold crucible vacuum induction furnaces designed to operate at
designed for, or capable of, the production of hydrogen slush' pressures lower than 0.1 mm. of mercury and at temperatures
(b) Equipment for the production of liquid fluorine. ' higher than 1,100°C (l,203°F);
(c) Equipment for helium as follows; (H) other vacuum induction furnaces designed to operate at tem-
peratures higher than 1,650°C (3,OO2°F);
(1) Equipment for the separation of helium from natural gases' and
(2) Equipment specially designed for the production of lambda-phase excludi1?-g furnaces with a workpiece space of not more than 13,OOOcm.'
helium (helium II); and deSigned to operate at temperatures not higher than 1,900°C (3 4S2°F)
(3) Other equipment for the production of liquid helium, except: and furnaces with a workpiece space of not more than 3,200 cm. ~th n~
single dimension (length, width, height or diameter) of that space in
(i) Equipment which has a capacity of no more than 20 litres per excess of lOin. and designed to operate at temperatures not higher than
hour; 2,300°C (4,172°F);
(H) Equipment with piston-expansion machines having a capacity
of no more than 50 litres per hour. (d) Resistance vacuum furnaces designed to operate at temperatures
higher than 1,650°C (3,002°F), excluding:
Equipment described in (c) (I).
(i) furnaces for heat treatment:
1118. Equipment for the production of Inilitary explosives and solid (1) up to 12 in. (304 mm.) x 12 in. x 12in. (28,320cm. S), designed
propellants, as follows: for temperatures not higher than 2,300°C (4, 172°F);
(a) Complete installations; (2) up to 600 cm. S designed for temperatures not higher than
(b) Specialised components; 2,700°C (4,860°F);
(c) Nitrato~s: continuous types. (H) Melting furnaces up to 3,200 cms designed for temperatures not
higher than 2,300°C (4,172°F);
1129. Vacuum pumps, as follows: (e) Specialised parts and controls for the above furnaces.
(a) Tur~o-molecular pumps having a higher capacity than 2,000 litres
of nitrogen per second; 1204. Electron beam equipment for the deposition of thin film, the coating
(b) Diffusion pumps rated for unbaffied pumping speeds of more than of thin film, or the working thereof; and specialised parts for the above
50,000 litres of nitrogen per second at pressures of 10-' mm. of equipment.
mercury or less; Explanatory Note: It is not intended that this item covers: (a) equip-
(c) Cryopump systems (ie systems in which the circulation of liquefied ment using the 'sparking technique'. (b) continuous vacuum roll coating
gas is used to achieve a vacuum, either static or dynamic, by lowering machines having a voltage in excess of 20 KiloWatts, having a fixed elec-
the temperature of the environment) designed to operate at tempera- tron beam gun and no accurate control of the thickness of the deposited
tures of less than - 200°C (- 328°F) measured at atmospheric pressure layer.
(d) Specially designed parts, controls and accessories for the above pumps.
1205. Electrochemical, semi-conductor and radio-active devices for the
11~1 •. Pumps (except vacuum pumps) having any of the following charac- direct conversion of chemical, solar or nuclear energy to electrical energy
tensbcs. : as follows: '
(a) Designed to move molten metals by electromagnetic forces: (a) Electrochemical devices, as follows:
(b) Specially designed for operation at temperatures below - 200°C (1) Fuel cells operating at temperatures of 200°C (392°F) or less
(-328°F). including regenerative cells, ie cells for generating electric power
(c) Having all flow contact surfaces made of 90 per cent or more tantalum to which all the consumable components are supplied from out-
titanium or zirconium, either separately or combined, except whe~ side the cell; .
such surfaces are made of materials containing more than 97 per cent
and less than 99.7 per cent titanium. Explanatory Note: The temperature of 200°C (392°F) or less is in-
tended to refer to the fuel cell and not to the fuel conditioning equipment
(See also Item I.L. 1133). which may be either an ancillary or an integral part of the fuel cell batterY
and which may operate at over 200°C (392°F).
1133. Valves, cocks and pressure regulators, as follows;
(2) ~rimary cells and batteries having any of the following:characteris-
(a) Specially designed for operation at temperatures below - 200°C tiCS:
( - 328°F); or
(b) Having all flow contact surfaces made of 90 per cent or more tantalum (i) possessing a means of activation and having an open circuit
titanium or zirconium, either separately or combined, except whe~ storage life in the unactivated condition, at a temperature of
such surfaces are made of materials containing more than 97 per cent 21°C (70°F) of 10 years or more;
and less than 99.7 per cent titanium. (ii) capable of operating at temperatures from below - 2S°C
(-13°F) to above 55°C (131°F) including cells and cell
(See also Item 27 on the Atomic Energy List and Item I.L. 1131). assemblies (other than dry cells) possessing self-contained
heaters;
1142. Pipe, tubing and fittings made of, lined with or covered with poly- (iii) Utilising a lithium anode with lithium salt solute in organic
tetrafluoroethylene as defined in Item 1754 (a) (1), polyvinylidenefluoride, solvent (non aqueous) electrolyte and having an energy
or the copolymers of tetrafluoroethylene and· hexafluoropropylene density at the 24-hour discharge rate of greater than 100
chlorotrifluoroethylene and vinylidene fluoride or hexafluoroporpylen~ Watt-hours per pound at 24°C (73°F) and greater than 35
and vinylidene fluoride except: Watt-hours per pound at - 29°C ( - 20°F).
(i) 'Un-reinforced, non heat shrinkable tubing having an inner dia- Explanatory Note: Energy density is obtained by multiplying the
meter of 0.125 in. (3.17 mm.) or more; average power in watts (average voltage times average current in amperes)
(ii) Un-reinforced, heat shrinkable tubing having an inner diameter of by the duration of the discharge in hours to 90 per cent of the initial load
1.125 in. (28.57 mm.) or more before shrinkage; voltage and dividing by the total weight of the cell (or battery) in pounds.
(Hi) Reinforced tubing designed for pressures of 1,500 p.s.i. (105.45 As regards secondary (rechargeable) batteries, energy density is measured
. kg/s9. cm.) .or less,. whether or not equipped with fittings; and after 500 charge/discharge cycles.
(IV) Tubing haVing an Inner diameter of greater than 1 in. (25.4 mm.)
which has not been specially processed to make flow surfaces (3) Mechanically rechargeable leak-proof batteries having cells with
electrically conductive. removable zinc plates with porous air electrodes and immersed in
electrolyte of potassium hydroxide;
~145. Containers, jacketed only, for the storage or transportation of (4) Molten salt electrolyte cells and batteries which normally operate
hq~efied gases at temperatures below -170° C (-127°F), including mobile at temperatures of 150°C (302°F) or below;
units, as follows: (b) Photo-voltaic cells:
(a) Specially designed for liquefied gases boiling at temperatures below (1) With a power output of 8 Mill!Watts or more per sq. CID. under
- 200°C ( - 328°F), having a liquid capacity of more than 250 gallons 100 MilliWatts per sq. cm. tungsten (2,8000 K) illumination; or
T~ADE AND INDUSTRY 12 OCTOBER 1972 71
(2).1\.11 gallium arsenide phot<rvoltaic cells excluding those having a quiring the assistance of a human operator to complete its function or
. ,'wwer, output of less than 4 MilhWatts measured by the above functions during each complete cycle of operations.
technique; or The term 'semi-automatic' refers to machinery requiring the assistance
(3) With a power output of 450 MilliWatts or more per sq. cm. under of a human operator to complete part but not all of its functions during
10 watts per sq. cm. silicon carbide (17S0 0 K) illumination; each complete cycle of operations.
(c) Power sources other than nuclear reactors based on' radio-active The term 'functions' above does not include the initial loading or final
materials systems, excluding: unloading of material from the machine.
(i) those having an output power of less than 0.5 watt and a total (b) For semi-conductor devices, electronic equipment and components
weight of more than'200 lb; described in Item I.L. 1564(a) and (c), and parts, materials and sub-
(ii) those specially designed and developed for medical use within assemblies thereof;
the human body. (1) Equipment specially designed for the manufacture of such types
(See also Items I.L. 1550 and I.L. 1570). and of any silicon transistor;
(d) Specialised parts, components and sub-assemblies of the above devices. (2) Equipment for slicing, dicing, scribing, slice breaking, polishing
probing, testing and/or sorting;
(See also sub-Items I.L. 1570 (c) and (d).) (3) Bonders and welders;
Fuel cells described in sub-item (a) (1) above, as follows: With a maxmum (4) Masks;
operating temperature 0/ 100°C (212°F) using gaseous pure hydrogen and (5) Equipment for the manufacture of masks of the creation of a
oxygen/air reactants, alkaline electrolyte, and a catalyst support by carbon photosensitive pattern on the surface of a semi-oonductor or
either pressed on a metal mesh, electrode, or attached to a conducting porous insulating substrate; and
plastic. (6) Equipment for purifying or processing semi-conductor materials,
Equipment described in sub-item (c) having an overall efficiency of except equipment specially designed for the zone purification of
6 per cent or less (obtained by dividing the electrical output, expressed in germanium.
watts, by the thermal input, expressed in watts, this efficiency to be measured Explanatory Note: It is understood that equipment for purifying and
at the beginning oflife), and an output power of 0.5 watts or more. processing includes equipment which performs one or more of the follow-
ing operations on semi-conductor materials.
1206. Electricarc devices for generating a flow of ionised gas in which the arc (a) purifying beyond 99.9 per cent;
column is constricted (except devices· wherein the flow of gas is for isola- (b) equalising distribution of residual impurities;
tion purposes only and devices of less than 100 KiloWatts for cutting, (c) achieving controlled introduction of impurities (in one or more
welding, melting, plating and/or spraying); equipment incorporating such stages of operation);
devices; s~ially designed parts, accessories and control or test equipment (d) producing monocrystalline material or forms (eg by drawing,
for such deVIces. pulling, deposition) including forming on substrates;
(c) For depositing or printing on insulating materials or otherwise forming,
Group D. General Industrial Equipment. in situ, component parts other than basic wiring.
1305. Metal rolling mills, as follows: Equipment described in sub-item (a) (2).
(a) Sheet and strip mills more than 3-high (including dual-purpose mills
which can operate as either 2- or 4-high) which achieve special lateral 1356 Machinery for the working of synthetic film used as a dielectric
and/or longitudinal contour control by one or more of the following (condenser tissue) or as magnetic recording tape, as follows:
means: (a) Vacuum metallising machinery specially designed for the continuous
(1) Work rolls having a ratio of roll face length to roll diameter strip roll coating with metallised sheathing or synthetic film used as a
which exceeds either: dielectric in capacitors embargoed by Item 1560, capable of being used
6:1 for rolls with roll face length up to and including 30 in. with any of the following devices, whether or not equipped with such
(762 mm.) or devices:
5:1 for rolls with roll face length exceeding 30 in. (762 mm.); (1) Cutting devices for slitting the film into strips suitable for capaci-
(2) Work roll contour control achieved by concurrent deforming of tors;
back-up rolls, back-up shafts or work rolls; (2) Shadow masks or similar devices to achieve uncoated strips;
(3) Any other feature achieving special lateral and/or longitudinal (3) Controls for the automatic correction of the coating process;
contour controls comparable to those achieved by (1) and (2) (4) Special devices to bum out the metal deposit on pinholes to
above; prevent electrical faults in the capacitors;
(b) Mills, specially designed or redesigned for the rolling of metals and (b) Specialised components and parts for the above machinery;
alloys with a melting point exceeding 1,900°C. . (c) Equipments, components and parts specially designed for the con-
(c) Specialised controls, parts and accessories for the above mtlls. tinuous coating of polyester base magnetic tape intended for the
Explanatory Note: Sub-item (a) above relates to technical developments equipments described in Item 1572.
which materially increase the capability of mills to meet the exceptionally
close tolerances required for military needs. 1357. Machines of which the motions for positioning, wrapping and
Hot mills possessing any of the characteristics described in sub-item winding of fibres are co-ordinated and programmed in three or more
(a), if these characteristics do not present an improvement in kind and/or axes, specially designed to fabricate composite structures or laminates
quality on similar devices incorporated into operating mills of the same type from fibrous and :filamentary materials and the mechanical parts of the
and size prior to January 1 of the year three years preceding the year of the machines, co-ordinating and programming controls, and specialised parts,
prop()sed export. components and accessories therefore
Cold mills possessing any of the characteristics described in sub-item (a),
if these characteristics do not present an improvement in kind and/or quality 1358. Machinery and equipment specially designed for the manufacture
011 similar devices incorporated into any operating cold mill before January 1
ofthe year three years preceding the year ofproposed export. of devices and assemblies thereof covered by sub-items 1588(b), (c), (d)
All controls, parts and accessories for the above mills. and (e) and for magnetic recording media other than tape covered by sub-
item 1572 (d) (for magnetic tape equipment, see Item 1356), as follows:
Explanatory Note: The term 'improvement in kind and/or quality'
applies only to technical developments resulting in a material increase in (a) Equipment for the manufacture of single and multi-aperture forms
efficiency or reliability to achieve exceptionally close tolerances in lateral covered by sub-items 1588 (b), (c) and d), as follows:
and/or longitudinal contour required for military purposes. (1) Automatic presses;
(2) Press dies;
(3) Automatic equipment for monitoring grading, sorting, exercising
1352. Machinery specially designed for the extrusion of tetrafluorethy- and/or testing;
lene polYmer and copolYmer coagulated dispersions or powders or pastes
derived therefrom, and parts and components therefor, and other machi- (b) Equipment fqr the manufacture of thin film memory storage or switch-
nery specially designed for the manufacture of wire and cable described in ing devices having square hysteresis loops and automatic equipment
sub-item 1754 (c). for monitoring, grading, sorting, exercising and/or testing of devices
covered by sub-item 1588(e);
1353. Equipment specially designed for the manufacture of communica- (c) Automatic equipment for monitoring, exercising and/or testing assem-
tion cable described in Item 1526. blies of devices covered by sub-items 1588(b), (c), (d) and (e);
(d) Equipment for the application of magnetic coating to recording
Equipment specially designed for the manufacture of cable described in media covered by sub-item 1572(d);
sub-items 1526 (b) abd 1526 (c). (e) Automatic and semi-automatic equipment for monitoring, grading,
exercising and/or testing recording media covered by sub-item 1572
1355. Machinery and equipment for the manufacture of electronic (d);
equipment, components and materials and related test gear, parts and (f) Specialised test equipment, parts and controls for the above.
specIalised controls and accessories, as follows: Explanatory Notes:
(a) For tubes (valves) and parts and sub-assemblies thereof: (1) The term 'automatic' refers to machinery not requiring the assis-
(1) Equipment specially designed for the manufacture of types des- tance of a human operator to complete its function or functions
cribed in this list, and during each complete cycle of operations.
(2) equipment for automatic or semi-automatic assembly, testing andl (2) The term 'semi-automatic' refers to machinery requiring the assis-
or sorting, except standard equipment for the assembly of enter- tance of a human operator to complete part but not all of its
tainment-type receiver tubes or television picture tubes not des- function during each complete cycle of operations.
cribed in Item I.L. 1541. (3) The term 'functions' in Notes 1 and 2 does not include the initial
1Jxplanatory Note: The term 'automatic' refers to machinery not re- loading or final unloading of material from the machine.
72, TRADE AND INDUSTRY 12 OCTOBER 1972
1361. Wind tunnels, as follows: (d) Gyro-stabilisers used for other purposes than aircraft control except
(a) Supersonic (Mach 1.4 Mach 5.5) hypersonic (Mach 5.5 to Mach 15) those for stabilising an entire surface vessel; ,
and hypervelocity (above Mach 15) wind tunnels, except wind tunnels (e) Automatic pilots used for other purposes than aircraft 'control,
specially designed for educational purposes and having a test section except marine types for surface vessels;
size (measured internally) of less than 10 in. (25 cm.); (f) Accelerometers with a threshold of 0.005 g or less and/or a linearity
(b) Devices for simulating environments at velocities of Mach 1.4 and of less than 0.25 per cent of output over the operating range, which are
above, including hot shot tunnels, plasma arc tunnels, shock tunnels, designed for use in inertial navigation systems or in guidance systems of
shock tubes, gas tunnels and light gas guns; all types;
(c) Specially designed parts and accessories for the above equipment. (g) Gyros and gyro-compasses, as follows:
Explanatory Note: The term 'test section size' refers to the diameter of (1) gyros with a rated free directio~al drift rate (rated free preces-
the circle, the side dimension of the square, or the longer side dimension sl019 of less than 0.5 degree (l Slgma or r.m.s) per hour in a 1 g
of the rectangle constituting possible shapes of the test section. envIronment;
Supersonic wind tunnels which are capable of Mach velocities of 1.4 or (2) gyro compasses which incorporate gyros described in sub-item
more but less than 4, and are not specially designed for or fitted with means (g) (1) above or which, when operated in a gyro compass mode,
ofpreheating the air. have a compass error, before compensation, due to gyro drift
of less than 1/30 of a radian (6/Tt degrees of 1.918 degrees approx-
1362. Vibration testing equipment (except mechanical types) capable of
imately) at 0 degrees latitude;
providing a thrust greater than 2,000 lb. (900 kg.) and specialised ancillary (h) Inertial equipment using accelerometers described in sub-item (f)
equipmeNt therefor. above and/or gyros described in sub-item (g) (1) above, and systems
incorporating such equipment. ;
(i) Specially designed parts, components and test calibration and align..
ment equipment for the above, except for the specific equipment
Group E Transportation Equipment exported under the Note to (b) below.
1416. Vessels as follows: Equipment described in sub-item (b) provided:
(a) Hydrofoil vessels; (1) They are of types and series which have been in normal civil use for
Hydrofoil vessels not possessing significant rough water capability or more than two years and are standard equipment of aircraft ex-
amphibious qualities provided the vessels are for normal civilian use and cluded from control under Item I.L. 1460.
do not incorporate advanced techniques. (2) The equipment is to be installed in civil aircraft.
(b) Sea-going vessels, including sea-going fishing vessels and coasters, and
hulls therefor, designed for speeds of over 26 knots when in full load Group F. Electronic Equipment including Communications and Radar
(design) condition, taking into consideration hull form (configuration) See also Item M.L.1l.
as well as power plant; 1501. Communication, navigation, direction finding and radar equipment:
(c) Vessels with hulls and propulsion machinery made wholly of primarily
of non-magnetic materials; See also sub-items M.L.20(b) and M.L.20(c) and sub-items I.L. 1485(b)
(d) New ships with decks and platforms specially designed or strengthened
and I.L. 1485(h).
to receive weapons. (a) Airborne communication equipment and specialised parts and com-
(e) The Department of Trade and Industry should be consulted about any ponents therefor.
vessel incorporating any item in this Schedule, or having arrangements Standard commercial airborne equipment needed to equip civil aircraft
for demagnetisation. or as normal standard equipment incorporated in civil aircraft being exported
(See also item ML9) for civil commercial use provided that it contains none of the following
characteristics:
1430. Buoyant electric conducting cable suitable for sweeping magnetic (1) Designed to operate at frequencies greater than 156 MegaHertz;
mines. (2) Designed for Single Side Band Operation;
(3) Incorporating facilities for:
1431. Gas turbine engines for marine propulsion of 3,500 rated shaft (a) the rapid selection ofmore than 200· channels per equipment or
horse-power or more, whether originally designed as such or adapted for (b) providing a multiplicity of alternative output carrier frequencies
such use from aero-engines. controlled by a lesser number of piezoelectric crystals and not
forming multiples of a common control frequency,·
1460. Aircraft and helicopters, aero-engines and aircraft and helicopters (4) Pressurised throughout,·
equipment, as follows: (5) Rated for continuous operation over a range of ambient temperatures
(a) Helicopters over 10,000 lb. (4530 kg.) empty weight and power trans- extending from below -55°C to above +55°C,·
mission systems therefor; (6) Designed for modulating methods employing any firm ofdigital modula-
Explanatory Note: Empty weight is understood to include normal instal- tion using time and frequency redundancy such as 'Quantised Frequency
Modulation' (QFM),·
lation and normal minimum crew, but does not include fuel or pay-load.
(b) Aircraft and helicopters (other than those covered by sub-item (a)
• Applications for licences for equipment operating in the frequency range
above), except those not containing any Munitions List items and 108-136 MegaHertz incorporating facilities for the rapid selection of 560
which are of types and series which are in bona fide normal civil use. channels or fewer at not less than 50 KiloHertz channel spacing will be
(c) Aero-engines, except: considered ifthe equipment has been in normal civil use for at least one year.
(i) Piston engines:
(b) Navigation and direction finding equipment (and specialised parts
(ii) Jet engines of less than 5,000 lbs. (2,265 kgs.) thrust; and accessories, specialised testing or calibrating equipment and train-
(iii) Turbo-prop or turbo-shaft engines of less than 2,500 horsepower ing or simulating equipment, not elsewhere specified therefor), as
and with a residual thrust of less than 1,000 lbs. (453 kgs.); follows;
(iv) Those for use in bona fide civil air-craft and helicopters; (1) airborne navigation equipment and direction finding equipment as
(d) Ground and airborne equipment developed solely or used mainly follows:
for aircraft and helicopters except ground or airborne equipment of (i) Designed to make use of 'Doppler' frequency phenomena;
types in normal civil use. (H) Utilising the constant velocity and/or the rectilinear pro-
(But see also Items I.L. 1485, I.L. 1501 and M.L. 10). pagation characteristics of electromagnetic waves having
frequency less than 4-1014 cycles per second (0.75 microns)·
(Hi) Radio altimeters the following: '
1485. Compasses, gyroscopes, accelerometers and inertial equipment, as
follows: (a) Pulse modulated;
(a) Gyro compasses possessing one or more of the following character- (b) Frequency modulated having an electrical output accur-
istics: acy better than ± 3 ft. over the whole range between 0 to
100ft. or + 3 per cent above 100ft.;
(1) automatic correction for the effects on compass accuracy of (c) Frequency modulated which have been in normal civil
changes in ship's speed, acceleration, or latitude, other than use for less than two years.
manually set mechanical 'corrective devices; (iv) Direction finding equipment operating at frequencies greater
(2) provisions for accepting ship's data as an electrical input; than 5 MegaHertz other than equipment designed for search
(3) provision for setting in corrections for current set and drift; and rescue purposes provided that the receiver operates on a
(4) utilisation of accelerometer, rate gyro, rate integrating gyros, or crystal controlled fixed frequency of 121.5 MegaHertz and
electrolytic levels as sensing devices; that the determination of the D.F. bearing is not independent
(5) provisions for determining and electrically transmitting ship's of the heading of the aircraft and provided that the D.F.
level reference data (roll, pitch) in addition to own ship's course antennae array is designed for operation at a fixed frequency
data; of 121.5 MegaHertz.
(b) Integrated flight instrument systems for aircraft which include gyro- (v) Pressurised throughout;
stabilisers and/or automatic pilots; (vi) Rated for continuous operation over a range of ambient
. Explanatory Note: An integrated flight instrument system is a primary temperature extending from below -55°C to above +5SoC.
ll~strument display system of attitude and azimuth with facilities for Navigation equipment described in sub-item b (1)(i) provided that it is to
glying manoeuvre guidance information to the pilot and often integrated be installed in Civil aircraft or helicopters, and is normal standatd eqUipment
WIth an auto-pilot to the extent of embodying a common unit for setting ofa type installed in civil aircraft or helicopters.
up the required demands. Standard commercial airborne equipment, of the kind desctibf!d in sub-
(c) Gyro-astro compasses and other devices which derive position and/ol items (b) (l) (if) and (iii), needed to equip civil aircraft, or as normal' stan-
orientation by means of automatically tracking celestial bodies; dard equipment in civil aircraft being exported for civil cohtrttlJrcial use,pro-
TRADE-ANt· fNOUSTRY 12 Oct.)8EA 191~ ,..
vided that such equipment is equivalent in all characteristics andperformance (iv) pulse repetition frequency exceeds 300 pulses per second;
to standard equipment ofaircraft not covered by this Schedule, and which: (v) it iE to be installed for air traffic control of scheduled international
(a) for equipment covered by sub-item 1501(b)(l)(ii), is in conformity commercial/lights.
with leAD standards and assures no function exceeding those Explanatory Note:
resulting from such standards, and is not designed to make use of ·The cumulative probability of detection is determined according to the
hyperbolic grids at frequencies greater than 3 MegaHertz,· following parameters:
(b) flir equipment covered by sub-item 1501 (b)(l)(iii) are frequency
modulated radio altimeters which have been in normal civil use (1) Radial closing velocity of the target: 2,000 ft. per second (610 metres
for a period of more than one year. per second);
• Applications to export standard commercial airborne equip- (2) Probability of false alarm: 10-8 ;
ment designed to make use of hyperbolic grids at frequencies of (3) Operator factor: 3 decibel;
less than 3 MegaHertz will be considered if co-ordinate conver- (4) Fluctuation of the target in accordance with Rayleigh distribution.
sion equipment, which has been in normal civil use for less than
one year, or which could not be shipped under the provisions of
item 1565 is not included and is not separately supplied. 1502. Communication, detection or tracking equipment of a kind using
(2) ground and marine equipment for use with airborne navigation ultra-violet radiation, infra-red radiation or ultrasonic waves; and special-
equipment utilising the constant velocity and/or the rectilinear ised parts therefore
propagation characteristics of electromagnetic waves having Infra-red geodetic equipment covered by this item, provided that the
frequency less than 4 x 1014 cycles per second (0.75 microns); equipment is rated for measuring distances not exceeding 2,187 yards
Ground equipment for use at civil airports or for civil use in association (2,000 metres) and that it uses a reflector ofthe cathadioptric type.
with airborne equipment described in the Note to sub-item (b) (1) (ii) above, Explanatory Note: This item is not intended to cover industrial equipment
provided that such equipment: employing cells not described in Item LL. 1548 or LL. 1550, nor to cover
is in conformity with leAD standards and assures no function exceeding cells and ultrasonic devices which operate in contact with a controlled
those resulting from such standards,· and material to be inspected or when the properties of materials are to be
analysed. The item does not cover uses for industrial cleaning, sorting or
is not designed to make use of hyperbolic grids at frequencies greater than 3 materials handling, industrial and civilian intrusion alarms, traffic and
MegaHertz. industrial movement control, counting systems, medical applications,
(3) ground and marine direction finding equipment operating at simple educational or entertainment devices, or flame detectors for in-
frequencies greater than 12 MegaHertz. dustrial furnaces.
Equipment described in (b) (3), when: See also Items M.L.I5 and I.L. 1555.
(a) the equipment is to be installed at civil airports or for use on
civil air routes,·
(b) the equipment is designed to operate at frequencies between 12 1507. 'Jamming' apparatus (ie apparatus specially designed to jam or
MegaHertz and 157 MegaHertz, excluding single side band otherwise interfere with radio reception); and specialised parts therefore
equipment,.
(c) the equipment employs a loop system or a system employing a
number of spaced vertical aerials un(formly disposed around 1510. Location apparatus, underwater: apparatus for detecting or locating
the circumference of a circle, excuding electronically com- objects under water by magnetic or acoustic or ultrasonic methods, and
mutated types. specialised components of such apparatus, except marine depth sounders
of a kind used solely for measuring the depth of water or the distance of
(c) Radar equipment, and specialised parts and accessories, specialised submerged objects or fish and/or whales vertically below the apparatus.
testing or calibrating equipment and training or simulating equipment Horizontally operating apparatus for fish and/or whale finding.
therefor, as follows:
(1) airborne radar equipment.
Equipment covered by this sub-item when it is to be installed in civil 1514. Pulse modulators capable of providing electric impulses of peak
aircraft, and which: power exceeding 2.4 MegaWatts or of a duration of less than 0.1 micro-
second, or with a duty cycle in excess of 0.002; and pulse transformer,
(a) has been in normal commercial service for at least one year; pulse-forming equipment or delay lines being specialised parts of such
(b) is specially designed for use as a commercial weather radar,· modulators.
(c) is a normal and reasonable equipment for such civil aircraft,·
(2) Ground and marine radar equipment having one or more of the
following features: 1516. Panoramic and/or digitally controlled radio receivers which search
(i) Operating at a frequency not in normal civil use or at a or scan automatically a part of the electromagnetic spectrum and indicate
frequency of more than 10.5 GigaHertz; or identify the received signals; and specialised parts and accessories
(H) operating at a frequency of less than 3.5 GigaHertz and having therefor, as follows:
a peak output power from the transmitter greater than 1 (a) Panoramic radio receivers except ancillary equipment for com-
MegaWatt; or operating at a frequency over the range of mercial receivers with which the frequency spectrum searched does
3.5-10.5 GigaHertz and having a peak output power from the not exceed either ± 20 per cent of the intermediate frequency of the
transmitter greater than 250 KiloWatts: intermediate frequency of the receiver or ± 2 MegaHertz.
(iii) operating at a frequency of less than 3.5 GigaHertz and having (b) Digitally controlled radio receivers in which the switching operation
a 80 per cent or better cumulative probability of detection* takes less than 50 milliseconds.
for a 10 square metre target at a free space range of 120 nauti-
cal miles; or operating at a frequency over the range of 3.5- Explanatory Notes: This item is not intended to cover
10.5 GigaHertz and having 80 per cent or better cumulative (a) Radio frequency analysers (see Item IL 1533) or field strength meters
probability of detection for a 20 square metre target at a (see Item IL 1529).
free space range of 60 nautical miles. (b) Non-ruggedised receivers capable of digital control of frequency
(iv) Utilising other than pulse modulation with a constant and/ selection, in which the frequency spectrum coverage is confined to the
or staggered pulse repetition frequency in which the carrier range from 325 KiloHertz to 32 MegaHertz and in which the switching
frequency of the transmitted signal is not changed deliber- operation does not take less than 10 milliseconds.
ately between groups of pulses, from pulse to pulse, or (c) Non-ruggedised digitally controlled pre-set type radio receivers
within a single pulse; designed for use in civil communications which have 200 selective
(v) Utilising a Doppler technique for any purpose other than channels or fewer.
M.T.I systems using a conventional double or triple pulse
delay line cancellation technique;
(vi) Including signal processing techniques which have been in 1517. Radio transmitters and components (except radio link and relay
normal civil use for a period of less than two years; equipment) as follows:
(vii) Having been in commecial use for a period of less than one (a) Transmitters or transmitter amplifiers designed to operate at output
year. frequencies greater than 235 MegaHertz, other than
Secondary radar equipment described in sub-item (c) above designed for (i) television broadcasting transmitters and amplifiers therefor
civil air traffic identification and control purposes. operating between 470 and 960 MegaHertz;
Radar equipment described only in sub-items (c)(2)(i), (ii) and/or (iii) (ii) frequency-modulated and amplitude-modulated ground com-
above, provided that both ofthe following conditions are met; munications equipment for use in the land mobile service and
(i) it is specially designed for the surveillance and co-ordination of operating in the 420 and 470 MegaHertz band, with a power out-
airfield surface traffic,· and put of not more than 25 watts for mobile units and 100 watts
(ii) it is to be installed at airports operating scheduled commercial for fixed units;
/lights. (iii) amplitude-modulated radiotelephone equipment used for search
Radar equipment described only in sub-items (c)(2)(ii) and/or Oil) above, and rescue work operating on a frequency of 243 MegaHertz
provided that all of the following conditions are met: with a carrier power not exceeding 100 milliwatts.
(i) operating frequency is less than 3.5 GigaHertz. (b) Transmitters or transmitter amplifiers designed to provide any of the
(it) peak output power from the transmitter does not exceed 2.5 Mega- following features:
Watts,· (1) any system of pulse modulation (this does not include amplitude,
(iii) the cumulative probability ofdetection· for a 10 square metre target frequency or phase modulated television or telegraphic trans-
is 80 per cent at a free space range not exceeding 200 nautical miles,· mitter);
74 TRADE AND INDUSTRY 12 OCTOBER 1972
(2) rated for operation over a range of ambient temperatures extend- (iv) for other than fixed service;
ing from below -40°C to above +55°C; (c) Components, accessories and sub-assemblies, specially designed for
(3) designed to provide a multiplicity of alternative output frequencies the above equipment.
controlled by a lesser number of piezo-electric crystals, except Equipment described in sub-item (b) above and components, accessories
equipments in which the output frequency is selected only by and sub-assemblies therefor, provided that:
manual operation either on the equipment or on a remote control It is specially designed for the transmission of television signals between
unit and: camera and studio or between studio and broadcast transmitter and not
(i) those forming multiples of a common control frequency, or exceeding a line of sight distance with respect to anyone installation: or
(H) those in which the output frequency is a multiple of a com- It is designed for member countries of the CCIR and
mon frequency which is not less than 1/1,OOOth part of the (0 is to be permanently installed in a circuit operated by the civilian
oscillator frequency and is in steps of 1 KiloHertz or greater; authorities of the importing country and is to be used for civil television
Equipment for use in specific civil communications stations transmission (including closed circuit television) or for general civil
known to the exporting country, in which either: traffic,· and
(a) the output frequency is a multiple of a common frequency (ii) no equipment described in sub-item I.L. 1523 (b) and exceeding the
which is not less than 1/100,000th part of the oscillator fre- limits specified in the note to Item 1523, is included.
quency, is in steps of 10 Hertz or greater, and is confined to
the range from 325 KiloHertz to 32 MegaHertz; or
(b) the output frequency is not greater than 156 MegaHertz, is 1521. Amplifiers, oscillators and related equipment, as follows:
derived from one or more common frequencies, and can be (a) Amplifiers designed to operate at frequencies in excess of 500 Mega-
adjusted in steps of not less than 25 KiloHertz. Hertz;
(c) Components and sub-assemblies, including but not limited to inter- (b) Tuned amplifiers having a bandwidth which exceeds 10 MegaHertz or
mediate-frequency and power amplifiers and their parts, modulator 10 per cent of the mean frequency, whichever is less, except those
and modulation amplifiers, aerials, their filters and their connecting specially designed for use in community television distribution systems,
devices, control equipment placed in racks, and maintenance equip- or for use in radio communications equipment in the HF band below
ment, specially designed for transmitters covered by sub-items Ca) 30 MegaHertz;
and (b) above, except quartz crystals which are covered by Item IL (c) Untuned amplifiers having a bandwidth which exceeds 10 MegaHertz,
1587. but excluding those having a bandwidth up to 30 MegaHertz pro-
Systems containing transmitters or transmitter anlplifiers embargoed by vided the power output does not exceed 5 watts;
this item but having an output power of not more than 10 watts, which are (d) Direct current amplifiers, amplifying by whatever means, having
specially designed for carrying the information of industrial and civilian a noise level (referred to the input circuit) of 10-16 watts or less and!
intrusion detection and alarm systems, traffic and industrial movement or a zero drift in 1 hour corresponding to a change in input power of
control and counting systelns, or environnlental pollution of air or water 10-16 watts or less:
detection systems. (e) Parametric amplifiers with a noice figure of merit of 5 decibels or
Radio microphones embargoed by this iteln specially designedfor theatrica I less measured at a temperature of 17°C (63 OF) paramagnetic amplifiers;
use with a rated output power not exceeding 50 milliwatts. other amplifier or oscillator devices such as J\.1asers (but excluding
Lasers), which amplify or oscillate by means of stimulated electro-
magnetic radiation; specially designed parts therefor; any equipment
containing such amplifiers, oscillators or devices.
1518. Telemetering and telecontrol equipment suitable for use with air- (For lasers see Item 1522).
craft (piloted or pilotless), space vehicles or weapons (guided or un- Explanatory Notes:
guided), and test equipment specially designed for such equipment.
(a) The bandwidth is defined as the band of frequencies over which the
Explanatory Note: This item is not intended to cover equipment and power amplification does not drop to less than one-half of its maxi-
parts therefor specially designed to be used for remote control of toys such mum value. The mean frequency is defined as the arithmetic mean
as nlodel planes and boats and having electric field strength of no more between the frequencies at which the power amplification is one-half
than 200 microvolts per metre at a distance of 500 metres. of its maximum value;
(b) It is not intended that sub-item (d) should cover electrometers in-
corporating vibrating reed type DC amplifiers.
1519. Data communication equipment employing digital transmission Equipment containing amplifiers or oscillators described in sub-item (e)
with digital input and output, including telegraphic and data transmission, above:
having any of the following characteristics: (a) specially designed for medical applications;
(a) Designed for operation at a data signalling rate in bits per second, (b) having an output power of not more than 10 watts, which is specially
excluding servicing and administrative channels, numerically exceed- designed for industrial and civilian intrusion detection and alarm
ing either: systems, traffic and industrial movement control and counting systems,
(i) 1,200; or environmental, pollution of air or water detection system, or for simple
(H) 65 per cent of the channel (or sub-channel) bandwidth in Hertz; educational devices.
(b) Employing automatic error detection and correction systems having
both of the following characteristics: 1522. Lasers and specially designed components and parts therefor and
Ci) re-transmission is not required for correction; any equipment containing lasers.
Cii) transmission speed exceeding 300 bits per second; Explanatory Note: The term 'specially designed components and
(c) Components, accessories and sub-assemblies, specially designed for parts' in the above definition is intended to include the active component
the above equipment. in semi-fabricated form as well as fabricated forms.
Explanatory Notes: 'Data signalling rate' is as defined in the ITU (a) Continuous wave, heliwn-neon gas lasers operating in the visible spec-
Recommendation 53-56, taking into account that for non-binary modula- trum and with a rated minimum output power of 25 milliwatts or less,·
tion systems 'bauds' and 'bits per second' are not equal. Bits for coding, (b) Continuous wave argon lasers with a minimum rated output power of
checking and synchronisation functions are to be included. 2 watts or less;
In the case of systems designed to operate in once voice channel, 'band- (c) Continuous wave CO 2 lasers with a rated minimum output power of
width' will be as defined in CCITT. Recommendation G.131, namely 500 watts or less in which the beam, electrical excitation and gas
3,100 Hertz. In the case of CCITT or CCIR voice frequency telegraph flow, if any, are in the same direction,'
systems, 'bandwidth' may be considered as the number of channels (d) Equipment containing lasers as set forth in (a), (b) and (c) above, which
times the channel spacing. is specially designed for industrial and civilian intrusion detection and
Equipment described in sub-iteln (a) above and components, accessories alarm systems, medical applications and simple educational devices,
and sub-assemblies therefor, to member countries of CCITT provided that: traffic and industrial movement control and counting systems, and for
It is to be permanently installed in a circuit operated by the civilian detection ofenvironmentalpollution ofair or water,·
authorities of the importing cottntry, and is to be used for general civil (e) Optical spectrometers containing or employing as their monochromatic
traffic; and sources lasers whose rated minimum output power does not exceed
The data signalling rate in bits per second, excluding servicing and 2 watts,'
administrative channels, does not numerically exceed either 2,400 or 80 per (I) Specially designed components, parts and spares for the above.
cent of the channel (or sub-channel) bandwidth in Hertz.
1523. Single and multi-channel communications transmission equipment,
including line or radio terminal, modem, multiplex, and intermediate
amplifier or repeater equipment, as follows:
1520. Radio relay communications equipment, as follows: (a) Employing analogue techniques, including frequency division multi-
(a) Equipment employing tropospheric, inosopheric or meteoric scatter plex (FDM), designed to deliver, carry or receive frequencies higher
phenomena, and specialised test equipment therefor; than 150 KiloHertz into, or in, a communications system, except
(b) Other radio relay equipment designed for use at frequencies exceed- carrier communications terrninals specially designed for power lines
ing 300 MegaHertz, except equipment having none of the following and operating at frequencies below 1,500 KiloHertz;
characteristics: (b) Employing digital transmission with analogue input and output,
(i) designed for use at frequencies exceeding 470 MegaHertz; including pulse code modulation (PCM), designed for use on com-
(H) power output exceeding 10 watts; munication circuits, and specialised test equipment therefor;
(Hi) signal bandwidth at the input to the modulator exceeding the (c) Components, accessories and sub-assemblies, specially designed for
limit specified in sub-item 1523(a); the above equipment.
TRAD,E AN':> INDUSTRY 12 OCTOBER 1972 75
EquIpment described in sub-item (a) above, and components, Qccessories (3) Electrically progranunable;
and sulHlssemblies therefor, os follows: (4) Having a level of spurious components in output better than
(a) equipment to be installed in circuits directly connecting denselyiJopulated - 70 decibels non-harmonic and - 50 decibels harmonic com-
, .indu~trial areas in countries listed in the preamble with communications ponent measured relative to fundamental frequency;
systems elsewhere, provided that the terminal and intermediate amplifier Equipment with a resolution not closer than 10 Hertz for use in
or repeater equipment is designed to deliver, carry or receive not more specific civil communications stations known to the exporting
than 60 voice channels of 4 KiloHertz each; country.
(b) Equipment specially designed for the transmission to television signals (d) Counting equipment capable of resolving at normal input levels
by cable between camera and studio and studio and broadcast trans- successive input signals with less than 5 nanoseconds time difference;
mitter not exceeding 50 miles for a link with respect to anyone installa-
tion; (For radio relay links see Item I.L. 1520.) Explanatory Note: The resolution of counting equipment is that of the
(c) Equipment for other than submarine use provided that it is destined for most rapid element of the chain (prescaler, frequency divider, etc.).
a member of the CC/TT and is to be permanently installed in a circuit (e) Time interval measuring equipment containing counting equipment or
operated by the civilian authorities of the importing country and is to capable of measuring time intervals as specified in sub-item (d) above:
be used for civil television transmission (including closed circuit tele- (f) Testing equipment rated to maintain specified operating data when
vision) or for general civil traffic, as follows: operating over a range of ambient temperatures from below - 25°C
(i) Using video techniques designed to deliver, carry or receive one to above + 55°C.
monochrome or colour television signal with a maximum nominal (See also Items M.L. 18, I.L. 1355 and sub-item I.L. 1485 (i».
video bandwidth of6 MegaHertz and associated sound signals,· (g) Digital voltage measuring apparatus-with or without electrical
(if) Designed to deliver, carry or receive not more than 960 voice channels outputs-irrespective of the physical units in which calibrated, with
of 4 KiloHertz each. a reading speed (from zero to the measured value) faster than
10 accesses per second and having any of the following characteristics:
(l) Digital resolution at all points on the scale greater than one part
1516. Communications cable, as follows: in 200,000;
(a) Submarine cable; (2) Accuracy better than 1 part in 50,000 (0.002 per cent) of reading
(b) Coaxial cable using a dielectric aired by discs beads, screw, spiral, over an ambient temperature range of ± 5°C or more; or a stability
or other· means, except those having four or fewer cores none of better than 10-6 of reading over a period of 24 hours or more.
which has an inner diameter of the outer conductor of more than (3) Capable of more than 500 independent measurements per second.
12 mm. (0.472 in.); Explanatory Notes:
(c) Secure communications cable, being either coaxial or multi-conductor
communications cable protected by mechanical and/or electrical 1. Reading speed is assumed not to include changes in range or polarity.
means from physical damage and/or intrusion in such a manner that 2. Sub-item (g) above is not intended to cover
communications security is maintained between terminals without (i) Visual quantisation apparatus capable of providing an average
the necessity for encryption. value, displayed or not, of the results of the measurement;
Explanatory Note: Cable that is 'armoured' by only a tough outer (ii) Multichannel analysers of all types used in nuclear experimen-
sheath or that is electro-magnetically screened only is not intended to be tation.
covered by this sub-item. Equipment associated with cable described in For transmitting and receiving equipment see ItemI.L. 1517and1533,
(a) and (b) will be considered separately under item I.L. 1523. and for analogue to digital converters, excluding digital voltage
measuring instrument, see Item I.L. 1568.
Cable as described in (a) and (b) above provided that, (a) submarine cable
is used in links with Western Countries (b) quantities of cable needed are (See also Items M.L. 18, I.L. 1355 and sub-Item I.L. 1485 (i»
normal for civilian applications for the techniques concerned.
1533. Radio spectrum analysers (being apparatus capable of indicating
1527. All cypher machines, cryptographic and/or coding devices and the single-frequency components of multi-frequency oscillation), as
equipment, and associated equipment, usable on any transmission system follows:
(telegraphy, telephony, facsimile, video, data), that is designed to ensure (a) Designed to operate at frequencies over 1,000 MegaHertz;
the secrecy of communications and thus prevent clear reception by other (b) Having a display bandwidth in excess of 12 MegaHertz;
than the intended receiver. (c) Specialised components, accessories and parts therefor.
Technical Note: This item is intended to refer to all the related equip-
ment for cypher machines and cryptographic and/or coding devices,
specialised assemblies, sub-assemblies and components, and equipment 1537. Electromagnetic waveguides and components therefor, as follows:
containing components embargoed by this item. It is not intended to (a) Rigid and flexible waveguides and components designed for use at
refer to simple coding devices or equipment only ensuring the privacy frequencies in excess of 12.5 GigaHertz;
of communications. (b) Waveguides having a bandwidth ratio greater than 1.5 : 1;
(c) Waveguides components, as follows:
1528. Coaxial cable with the outer conductor electroplated directly on (1) Directional couplers having a bandwidth ratio greater than 1.5 : 1
spirally-grooved cable dielectric. and directivity over the band of 15 decibels or more;
(2) Rotary joints capable of transmitting more than one isolated
channel or having a bandwidth greater than 5 per cent of the centre
mean frequency; ,
1529. Electronic measuring, calibrating, counting, testing and time interval (3) Magnetic, including gyro-magnetic, waveguide components;
equipment, whether or not incorporating frequency standards, having any
of the following characteristics: (d) Pressured waveguides and specialised components therefor;
(e) TEM mode devices, using magnetic, including gyro-magnetic pro-
(a) consisting of, or containing, frequency measuring equipment or perties;
frequency standards designed for: (f) TR and anti-TR tubes and components therefor, except those designed
(i) other than ground laboratory use, with an accuracy better than for use in waveguides operating at a peak power not exceeding
1 part in 10; or 160 kilowatts and at a frequency of 10.5 GigaHertz or less which are
(ii) ground laboratory use, with a stability over 24 hours of 1 part in normal civil use for ground or marine radar.
in 109 or better; Equipment described in sub-item (f) which is in normal civil use for ground
(b) Instruments, as follows (for radio spectrum analysers see Item 1533): or marine radar.
(1) Designed for use at frequencies exceeding 12.5 GigaHertz;
(2) Designed for use at frequencies exceeding 3 GigaHertz, excluding:
Adapters, airlines, attenuators, couplers, dummy loads, filters, 1541. Cathode ray tubes having any of the following characteristics:
line stretchers, phase shifters, mechanically or electro-mechanically (a) A resolving power of 800 lines or more per inch (32 lines per milli-
tuned signal generators, slotted lines and sections, terminations, metre), using the shrinking raster method of measurement;
thermistor mounts, bolometer mounts, tuners, tunable shorts, (b) Writing speeds of more than 15,000 kilometres per second;
resonant cavity frequency meters, noise sources, power meters (c) Alpha-numeric and similar display tubes in which a symbol-mask
and accessories, non-programmable sweep generators, crystal within the tube can be scanned to display any of the symbols on any
detectors and crystal detector mounts; if they are not designed for part of the phosphor.
use at frequencies exceeding 12.5 GigaHertz.
(3) Designed for use at frequencies exceeding 1 GigaHertz, as follows:
(i) Programmable signal and sweep generators (for synthesisers, see 1542. Cold cathode tubes and switches, as follows:
sub-item (c»; (a) Triggered spark-gaps, having an anode delay times of 15 microseconds
(ii) Phase meters; or less and rated for a peak current of 3,000 amps or more; specially
(ill) Impedance meters; designed parts therefor; equipment incorporating such devices;
(iv) Instruments for automatically measuring equivalent circuit para- (b) Cold cathode tubes, whether gas-filled or not, operating in a manner
meters over a range of frequencies; similar to a spark-gap, containing three or more electrodes and having
(4) Employing time compression of the input signal or fast Fourier trans- all the following characteristics:
form (FFT) techniques. (1) Rated for an anode peak voltage of 2,500 volts or more;
(c) Frequency synthesisers having any of the following characteristics: (2) Rated for peak currents of 100 amps or more;
(1) Maximum frequency in excess of 500 MegaHertz; (3) An anode delay time of 10 microseconds or less;
(2) Incremental frequency resolution better than 1 KiloHertz; (4) An envelope diameter of less than 25.4 mm. (1 in.).
7. TRADE AND INDUSTRY 12 OCTOBER 1972
Explanatory Notes: Triggered spark-gaps are tubes with a stlucture (b) Photo-transistors (photo-conductive cells including photo-diodes)
consisting of two opposed anodes with shapes resembling flattened hemi- with a response time constant of 0.5 microsecond or less measUred at
spheres and with one or more triggering probes placed approximately in the the operating temperature of the cell for which the time· coristant
centre of one anode. The structure is sealed and contains a mixture of reaches a minimum.
gases, principally nitrogen under less than atmospheric pressure. Explanatory Notes: The time constant is defined as the time taken from
Sub-item (b) includes gas krytron tubes, vacuum krytron tubes and the application of a light stimulus for the current increment to reach a
simil~r tubes. value of I-lIe times the final value (ie 63 per cent of the final value).
This item is not intended to include germanium photo devices with a
1544. Semi-conductor diodes and thyristo'rs, having a bulk material peak sensitivity at a wavelength shorter than 17,500 Angstr6m units~
other than selenium or copper oxide, as follows:
(a) Mixer and detector diodes designed or rated for use at input or output 1549. Photomultiplier tubes as follows:
frequencies above 1 GigaHertz, except point contact diodes, designed
or rated for use at input"frequencies not exceeding 12.5 GigaHertz; (a) For which the maximum sensitivity occurs at wavelengths longer than
(b) Oscillator diodes and bulk effect devices (used for the direct conversion 7,500 Angstrom units or shorter than 3,000 Angstrom units; or
of DC to RF power) designed or rated for use at output frequencies (b) having an anode pulse rise time of less than 1 nanosecond.
greater than 300 MegaHertz; Non-ruggedised tubes described in sub-item (a) above required as replace-
(c) Voltage variable capacitor diodes designed or rated for use at input or ment parts for spec(fic civil equipment not exceeding the capability of that
output frequencies greater than 300 MegaHertz, except those having which could be exported under this List, provided that these parts do not
all of the following characteristics: upgrade the initial performance of such equipment.
(i) a rated power dissipation of less than 0.5 watts at 25°C (77°F);
(ii) A series inductance higher than 1 nanoHenry; 1550. Thermal detecting cells, ie bolometers and thermocoupler detec-
(iii) A typical figure'of merit Q of less than 800 measured at a reverse tors, radiant energy types only, with a response time constant of less than
voltage of 4 volts and a frequency of 50 MegaHertz; 10 milliseconds measured at the operating temperature of the cell for
(d) Fast recovery diodes, as follows: which the time constant reaches a minimum.
(1) Having a rated maximum reverse recovery time of less than
2 nanoseconds;
(2) Having both a rated forward rectified current over 1 ampere and 1553. Flash-discharge type X-ray systems, including tubes, except those
a rated maximum reverse recovery time of less than 30 nano- systems or tubes having all of the following specifications:
seconds; (a) peak power of 500 MegaWatts or less;
(b) output voltage of 500 Kilovolts or less;
Explanatory Notes: 1. When average reverse recovery time is quoted (c) pulse width of 0.2 microsecond or more.
instead of maximum reverse recovery time, the maximum may be regarded
as two times the average.
2. When reverse recovery time is not quoted, diodes rated for a stored 1555. Electron tubes and specialised components and parts therefor
charge of less than 25 pico-coulombs shall be regarded as embargoed by (except commercial standard television camera tubes not having fibre
suh-item (d) above. optic faceplates and commercial standard X-ray amplifier tubes), as follows:
(e) Tunnel diodes; (a) Image intensifiers, image converters and camera tubes incorporating
(f) Thyristors, as follows: intensifiers and converters or coupled with such tubes;
(1) Designed for use in pulse modulators having a rated turn-on time (b) Electronic storage' tubes, including memory transformers of radar
of less than, 1 microsecond where the rated peak current exceeds pictures;
100 amperes; Non-ruggedised direct viewing storage tubes described in sub-item (b),
(2) Having a rated turn-off time of less than 3 microseconds; having a diameter or diagonal not exceeding 280 mm., for civil radar appli-
(3) Having a rated turn-off time of from 3 microseconds to less than cations and/or civil uses in oscilloscopes.
6 microseconds and a figure of merit greater than 1; (c) Camera tubes with return beam read-out (Le. camera tubes in which
(4) Having a rated turn-off time of from 6 to 10 microseconds and a the electron beam is returned to an internal dynode structure within
figure of merit greater than 10. the tube), including return beam vidicons and image isocons, but
Explanatory Note: The figure of merit is here defined as the product excluding conventional non-ruggedised image orthicons;
of the repetitive peak 'off' state voltage (V DRM) in kilovolts and the Conventional non-ruggedised isocons described in sub-item (c) above for
repetitive peak 'on' state current (I TRM) in amperes as shown 011 the use in commercial entertainlnent-type television broadcasting and in com-
thyristor data sheets. mercial standard medical X-ray applications.
This item does not cover non-coherent visible spectrum light emitting (d) Camera tubes without return beam read-out (including but not
dio6les used as indicator elements or in alphanumeric displays. limited to SEC vidicons) for which, with a faceplate illuminance of
(For photodiodes, see Item IL 1548.) 10-4 lumens/ft 2 (foot-candles) or irradiance of 5 x lQ-5 Watts/m 2, the
product of (i) the relative amplitude response (in percentage, ie if
1545. Transistors and specialised parts therefor, except photo-transistors 40 per cent use 40.0) at 400 lines/picture height and (ii) the output
(see Item I.L. 1548), as follows: signal current (in nanoamperes) exceeds 200;
(a) Of any type using a bulk semi-conductor material other than germ- Explanatory Note: For this measurement the source of illumination
anium or silicon; should be a CIE (International Commission on Illumination) reference
(b) Using germanium as the bulk semi-conductor material and having 'A, 2,854°K. The test target should have a contrast of 80 per cent or more.
any of the following characteristics: The picture aspect ratio should be 3 :4.
(1) An average fT greater than 1,000 MegaHertz; (e) Camera tubes with fibre optic faceplates andlor electron image
(2) A product of the average fT in MegaHertz and the maximum amplification by internal microchannel plates described in Item 1556;
collector dissipation in watts exceeding l,ooo. Camera tubes having fibre optic faceplates but not otherwise described
(c) Using silicon as the bulk semi-conductor material and having any of in this item, provided that the tubes will be usedfor civil television or medical
the following characteristics: applications.
1.1) An average fT greater than 700 MegaHertz; (f) Ruggedised vidicon-type tubes, including secondary electron conduc-
(2) A product of the average fT in MegaHertz and the maximum tion and silicon target vidicon-type tubes, except tubes not capable of
collector dissipation in watts exceeding 350. withstanding acceleration greater than 2i g at any frequency within
(3) Majority carrier devices, including but not limited to field effect the vibration frequency range of 5 Hertz to 2,000 Hertz, and covered
transistors and metal oxide semi-conductor transistors. by sub-item (d) above.
Explanatory Notes: This item includes all devices incorporating a semi- Explanatory Note: For the purposes of this item 'commercial standard
c.onducting crystal of any material with three or more electrical connec- television camera tubes' are defined as non-ruggedised tubes having
!lons or with only two such connections where four or more active performance characteristics consistent with normal commercial use and
Junctions exist within a single block .of semi-conductor material, which which have been in regular commercial use in identified applications for
are used as amplifiers, oscillators, trigger devices, etc., or combinations a minimum of one year.
thereof in electronic circuits. Electron tubes or specialised components covered by this item that are
The maximum collector dissipation is defined as the continuous required as spares or for the servicing of identified equipment containing
dissipation measured at an ambient temperature of 25°C under any such items that has previously been exported.
cooling conditions.
Where the average fT is not quoted or known, this value shall be taken
as 1.5 times the minimum fT • 1556. Optical elements and elements for optical tubes, as follows:
. Where f alpha (the frequency at which the modules of the current gain (a) Non-flexible fused fibre optic plates or bundles, having all of the
In the common base connection has decreased to 0.707 of its low frequency following characteristics:
value) is quoted instead of fT, fT may be regarded as 0.8 times f alpha. (1) A fibre pitch (centre-to-centre spacing) of less than 15 microns;
Field effect transistors (C3) for use in civil TV Alvf/ FM receivers or (2) A light-absorbing medium surrounding each fibre, or interstitially
audio equipments. . placed between fibres;
(3) A diameter greater than 13 min. (I- in.);
1548. Photo cells, as follows: (b) Microchannel plates for electron image amplification having both
(a) Photoelectric cells, photo-conductive cells (including phototransistors of the following characteristics:
and similar cells) with a peak sensitivity at a wavelength longer than (1) 15,000 or more hollow tubes per plate; and
12,000 Angstrom units or shorter than 3,000 Angstrom units; (2) Hole pitch (centre-to-centrf'; spacing) of les~ than 50 microns.
TRADE ANDfNDUSTRY 12 OCTOBER 1972 77
1557. Gas discharge voltage regulator tubes designed to withstand an Explanatory Note: A thyratron is any hot cathode gas-filled tube con..
aa:e1cration of short duration (shock) greater than 1,000 g or to operate taining 3 or more electrodes in which anode current flow is initiated by
in ambient temperatures exceeding 200°C (392°F). a control electrode.
For grid control hot-eathode gas-filled tubes (thyratrons), see Item Hydrogen thyratrons required as replacement parts in specific civil radar
I.L. 1559; for cold-eathode types, see ItemI.L. 1542 (b.) equipment previously exported, provided that they do not upgrade the
initial performance ofthat equipment.
1558. Electronic vacuum tubes (valves) and specialised parts, as follows:
(a) Tubes in which space charge control is utilised as a functional para- 1560. Components and parts used as inductive and capacitive elements
meter, including but not limited to triodes and tetrodes, as follows: in electronic circuits, designed for and/or capable of reliable performance
in relation to their electrical and mechanical characteristics and main..
(1) Tubes rated for continuous wave operation having either of the taining their design service lifetime while operating:
following characteristics:
(a) over the whole range of ambient temPeratures from below -45°C
(i) about 4,000 MegaHertz at maximum rated anode dissipation; to above + 100°C; or
or (b) at ambient temPeratures of 200°C or higher.
(ii) over the frequency range 300 MegaHertz to 4,000 MegaHertz
and for which, under any condition of cooling, the product of Explanatory Note: Included in this definition are such items as
the maximum rated anode dissipation (expressed in watts) capacitors, transformers, chokes, relays, etc.
and the square of the maximum frequency (expressed in
MegaHertz) at the maximum rated anode dissipation is greater 1561. Materials specially designed and manufactured for use as absorbers
than 108, or where applied to external anode tubes rated only of electromagnetic waves having frequencies greater than 2 x 108 cycles
without a radiator and rated only for free air circulation, the Per second, and less than 3 x 1012 cycles per second.
product is greater than 5 x 106 ;
Tubes specially designed for television transmission operating
in the frequency range of 470 MegaHertz to 960 MegaHertz 1562. Tantalum and niobium electrolytic capacitors designed to operate
and rated for operation without a grid current, the product of permanently at temperatures exceeding 85°C (185°F) without derating,
the rated anode dissipation and the square of the maximum fre- except sintered electrolytic types having a casing made of epoxy resin or
quency may reach 4 x 108 • For tubes intendedfor other applica- which are sealed or coated with epoxy resin.
tions and rated for operation without a grid current, the product Tantalum capacitors covered by this item that are rated for operation at
of the rated anode dissipation and the square of the maximum less than 125°C (257°F) when the licensing authority is satisfied that they
frequency may reach 1.5 X 108• are to be used in civil mobile communications equipment or in other identified
(2) Tubes rated only for pulse operation having either of the follow- civil equipment applications.
ing characteristics:
(i) above 1,000 MegaHertz at the peak pulse output power; or
(ii) between 300 MegaHertz and 1,000 MegaHertz and for which, 1564. Electronic components, as follows:
under any condition of cooling, the product of the peak pulse (a) Assemblies and sub-assemblies constituting one or more functional
output power (expressed in watts) and the square of the circuits with a component density greater than 75 parts Per cubic inch
maximum frequency (expressed in MegaHertz) is greater (4.575 parts per cubic centimetre);
than 4.5 x 1010; (b) Modular insulator panels (including wafers) mounting single or
(b) Tubes in which the velocity of the electrons is utilised as one of the multiple electronic elements and specialised parts therefore
functional parameters, including but not limited to klystrons, travel- Explanatory Note: Circuit boards and panels which do not contain
ling wave tubes and magnetrons, except: components described in this list and which do not come within the scope
(i) Low power oscillator klystrons designed to operate at frequencies of sub-item (a) above are not covered by sub-item (b) unless they are
below 11.5 GigaHertz with a maximum rated output power of less constructed of insulating materials other than paper base phenolics, glass
than 1.4 watt; cloth melamine, glass cloth epoxy resin or of insulating materials with
(ii) Fixed frequency and tunable pulsed magnetrons which are in an operating temperature range not exceeding that of the above-
normal civil use in equipment which may be exported under the mentioned materials.
terms of this List as follows: (c) integrated circuits, i.e. assemblies and sub-assemblies containing one
(1) designed to operate at frequencies below 3.5 GigaHertzwith a or more functional circuits in which there are both components and
maximum rated output power of 1.2 Megawatts or less; inter-connections formed by the diffusion or deposition of materials into
(2) designed to oPerate at frequencies between 3.5 GigaHertz and or on a common substrate.
10.5 GigaHertz with a maximum rated output power of Devices described in sub-items (a), (b), (c), provided that the devices have
300 Kilowatts or less; been designed specifically for identifiable civil applications and, by nature 0/
(iii) Fixed frequency continuous wave magnetrons designed for design or performance, are substantially restricted to the particular appli-
medical use or for industrial heating or cooking purposes opera- cation for which they have been designed.
ting at a frequency of 2.45 GigaHertz ± 0.05 GigaHertz with a
maximum rated output power not exceeding 5 kilowatts or at a
frequency lower than 1 GigaHertz with a maximum rated output
power not exceeding 25 KiloWatts;
Pulse amplifier klystrons described in sub-item (b) above designed
to operate at frequencies below 3.5 GigaHertz with a maximum rated Group G. Scientific Instruments and Apparatus, Servomechanisms and
peak output power of 1.6 Megawatts or less. Photographic Equipment
(c) Indirectly heated valves of a kind that can be passed through a circular
hole of 7.2 mm. in diameter; 1565. Electronic computers and related equipment as follows:
(d) valves designed to withstand acceleration of. short duration (shock) (a) Analogue computers with one or more of the following characteristics:
greater than 1,000 g;
(e) Valves designed for oPeration in ambient temperatures exceeding (1) Rated errors less than
100°C; (i) Summers, inverters and integrators:
(f) Vacuum tubes specially designed for use as pulse modulators for (a) Static: 0.02 per cent
radar or for similar applications, having a peak anode voltage rating (b) Total at 1 KiloHertz 0.15 per cent
of 100 kilovolts or more; or rated for a peak pulse power of 2.4 Mega- (H) Multipliers:
Watts or more.
(a) Static: 0.1 per cent
Travelling wave tubes and mounts designed to operate at frequencies (b) Total at 1 KiloHertz 0.25 per cent
below 12.5 GigaHertz for use as the output tube in civil communications,
subject to the tube having the following characteristics: (Hi) Fixed function generators: Log X and sine/cosine:
Static: 0.1 per cent.
(i) a saturated output power not exceeding 40 watts at or below 8.5 Giga-
Hertz,' Explanatory Note: The percentage for sub-item (a) (1) (i) (a) applies to
(ii) a saturated output power not exceeding 20 watts between 8.5 GigaHertz the actual output voltage; all other percentages apply to full scale, that
and 12.5 GigaHertz. is from maximunl negative to maximum positive reference voltages.
Tubes covered by sub-items (a) and (b) above, specially designed for tele- Total errors at 1 KiloHertz are to be measured with those resistors
vision purposes and which are to be used in television transmitters, the precise incorporated in the inverter, summer or integrator which rrovide the
location of which is known, for civil telecasting according to CCIR or OIR least error.
standards. Total error measurements include all errors of the unit resulting from,
Tubes covered by sub-items (a) and (b) required as replacement parts for for example, tolerances of resistors and capacitors, tolerances of input
specific civilian equipment (for example pulse amplifier klystrons and fixed and output impedances of amplifiers, the effect of loading, the effects of
frequency and tuneable pulsed magnetrons covered by sub-item (b) and phase shift, and the generating of functions.
needed for civil radar) not exceeding the capability of that which could be (2) More than 75 operational amplifiers;
exported in the context ofother List items, provided that these parts do not (3) More than four integrator time scales, switchable during one
upgrade the initial performance ofthat equipment. programme;
(b) Analogue computers designed or modified for use in airborne vehicles,
missiles or space vehicles and rated for continuous operation at
1559. Hydrogen thyratrons rated for a peak pulse power output of 12.5 temperatures from below -45°C to above + 55°C; and equipment or
MegaWatts or more. systems incorporating such computers;
78 TRADE AND INDUSTRY 12 OCTOBER 1972
(c) Other analogue computers capable of accepting, processing and (a) that the equipment is primarilp usea UI non-strategic applications:
putting out data in the form of one or more continuous variables and (b) that the equipment will be used primarily for the specific non-strategic
capable of incorporating a total of at least 20 summers, integrators, applications for which the export would be approved and that the number,
multipliers or function generators with facilities for readily varying type and characteristics of such equipment are normal for the approved
the inter-connection of these components: use;
(c) that if they are analogue computers covered by sub-items (a) (1) (i)
(d) Digital computers with one or more of the following characteristics: (a), (a) (1) (ii) (a) or (a) (2), the static rated error for summers, in-
(1) The CPU implements floating point operations by hardware; verters and integrators are not less than 0.01 per cent and for multi-
(2) The sum of either the 'I/O bus rate' or the 'total effective bit pliers are not less than 0.025 per cent and there are not more than 350
transfer rate', whichever is less, and the 'CPU bus rate' exceeds operational amplifiers,·
10.8 million bits per second; , (d) that if they are digital computers covered by sub-item (d) (1)-(4), all
(3) The internal memory has a total connected capacity (excluding of the following additional conditions are met:
parity, word marker and flag bits) of more than 0.8 million bits; (1) The sum ofeither the '1/0 bus rate' or the 'total effective bit transfer
(4) The computer is equipped with peripheral memory devices as rate', whichever is less, and the 'CPU bus rate' does not exceed 40
follows: million bits per second;
(i) More than 12; (2) The 'processing data rate' for CPUs which implement floating point
(H) The 'total effective bit transfer rate' (excluding data channels operations by hardware does not exceed 8 million bits per second,·
not equipped with peripheral memory units) exceeds 0.7 (3) The internal memory total connected capacity (excluding parity,
million bits per second; word marker and flag bits) does not exceed 2.36 million bits,·
(Hi)' Any magnetic tape transport with: (4) For peripheral memory devices with which the computer is equipped:
(a) More than 800 bits per inch per track; (i) No more than 12 magnetic tape transports,'
(b) More than 75 inches per second tape speed; (ii) The 'total effective bit transfer rate' excluding data channels
(c) More than nine tracks per 1 in. tape width; or not equipped with peripheral memory units does not exceed
(d) More than 1 in. tape width. 8 million bits per second,'
(iv) For peripheral memory devices other than magnetic tape (iii) The 'efrective bit transfer rate' of any peripheral memory or
transports: data channel does not exceed 1.5 million bits per second;
(a) Total connected 'net capacity' exceeds 3 million bits; (iv) For peripheral memory devices other than magnetic tape
(b) 'Total number of accesses' exceeds 120 per second. transports"
(5) Computers with cathode ray tube displays as follows: (a) Total connected 'net capacity' does not exceed 305 million
bits,'
(i) Used to display alpha-numeric and similar data or informa- (b) For each independent device, 'net capacity' (in millions of
tion, excluding those displays for which circuitry and char- bits) does not exceed 'average access time' (in seconds)
acter-generation devices external to the tube limit displays raised to the 3/2 power and then multiplied by 8,000,· and
to alpha-numeric characters in fixed formats or to graphs (c) 'Total number ofaccesses' does not exceed 150 per second.
composed only of the same basic elements as used for alpha-
numeric character composition (this exclusion is limited to (v) For'terminal devices' located remote from the'computer operat-
graphic displays for which the sequence of symbols and basic ing area;
elements of symbols are fixed by the format and character (a) the 'total effective bit transfer rate' (excluding parity,
generators in the unit and cannot be generated arbitrarily word marker and flag bits) as limited by any communica-
by the computer). tion channel does not exceed 4,800 bits per second;
(ii) With light gun or other graphic input devices, excluding (b) the 'effective bit transfer rate' ofany 'terminal device' does
those which are parts of displays for which circuitry and not exceed 2,400 bits per second,'
character-generation devices external to the tube limit dis- (iv) For computers with interface equipment:
plays to alpha-numeric characters in fixed format or to (a) the 'effective bit transfer rate' of any interfaced communi-
graphs composed only of the same basic elements as used cation channel' does not exceed 1,200 bits per second; and
for alpha-numeric character composition. (b) all interfaced 'communication channels' are dedicated full
(6) The computer is equipped with 'terminal devices' located remote time to the given application.
from the 'computer operating area' as follows: Interpretative definitions of the terminology used such as 'CPU bus
(i) the 'total effective bit transfer rate' (excluding parity, word rate', 'average seek time.' etc. will be provided, if required, on application
marker and flag bits) as limited by any communication channel to the Export Licensing Branch.
exceeds 1,400 bits per second;
(ii) the 'effective bit transfer rate' of any 'terminal device' exceeds
1,200 bits per second;
(7) The computer has interface equipment for which: 1568. Equipment, as follows:
(i) the 'effective bit transfer rate' of any interfaced 'communi- (a) All classes of devices, regardless of other characteristics, identified in
cation channel' exceeds 200 bits per second; or sub-items (b), (c), (d), (e), (f), (g), (j) and (h) below, which are designed
(ii) any interfaced 'communication channel' is not dedicated full to operate below -55°C or above +125°C;
time to the given application. (b) Synchros and resolvers (and special instruments rated to have the
(e) Digital COIDputers and digital differential analysers (incremental same characteristics as synchros and resolvers in (1) and (2) below, such
computers) designed or modified for use in airborne vehicles, missiles as Microsyns, Synchro-Tels and Inductosyns) possessing any of
or space vehicles and rated for continuous operation at temperatures the following characteristics;
from below -45°C to above +55°C ; and equipment or systems (1) A rated electric error of 7 minutes of arc or less or of 0.2 per cent
incorporating such computers or analysers; or less of maximum output voltage;
(2) A rated dynamic accuracy for receiver types of 1 degree or less,
to Other digital computers operated by one or more common control except that for units of size 30 (3 in. in diameter) or larger a rated
units and capable of all of the following: dynamic accuracy of less than 1 degree;
(1) Accepting storing, processing and producing an output in numeri- (3) Multi-speed from single shaft types;
calor alphabetical form; (4) Employing solid state Hall effect;
(2) Storing more than 512 numerical and/or alphabetical characters (5) Designed for gimbal mounting
or having an internal memory of more than 2,048 bits; (c) Amplifiers, electronic or magnetic, specially designed for use with
(3) Performing a stored sequence of operations that are modifiable by resolvers, as follows:
means other than a physical change in circuitry; and (1) Isolation types having a variation of gain constant (linearity of
(4) Selecting a sequence from a plurality of stored operations based gain) of 0.2 per cent or better;
upon data or an internally computed result; (2) Summing types having a variation of gain constant (linearity of
(g) Computers capable of operating in both analogue and digital modes gain) or an accuracy of summation of 0.2 per cent or better;
and related equipment as follows: (3) Employing solid state Hall effect;
(1) Equipment whose analogue portion meets the conditions of sub- (d) Induction potentiometers (including function generators and linear
item (c) and whose digital portion meets the conditions of sub- synchros), linear and non-linear, possessing any of the following
item (f) and which also provides facilities for processing in the characteristics:
digital section numeric data from the analogue section and/or vice (1) A rated conformity of 0.25 per cent or less, or of 13 minutes of arc
versa; or less;
(2) Equipnlent for inter-connecting the analogue and digital portions (2) Employing solid state Hall effect;
of computers as described in sub-item (g) (1); (3) Designed for gimbal mounting;
(3) Digital or analogue computers containing inter-connecting (e) Induction rate (tachometer) generators, synchronous and asynchron-
equipment as described in sub-item (g) (2); ous as follows:
(h) Specialised parts, components, peripherals, sub-assemblies, accessories (1) Employing solid state Hall effe<;t;
and spare parts for the above, including those which are also described (2) With a housing diameter of 50 Jnm. (2 in.) and smaller and a length
in Items I.L. 1572 and I.L. 1588. (without shaft-ends) of 100 mm. (4 in.) and smaller or with a
Analogue computers covered by sub-items (a) (1) (i) (a), (a) (1) (ii) (a), diameter-ta-Iength ratio greater than 2:1. having one or more of
(a) (2) and (c), digital computers covered by sub-items (d) (1)-(4) ant/if) and the following characteristics:
equipment for computers covered by sub-item (h), subject to certain condi- (i) With a rated linearity of 0.1 per cent or less;
tions, including: (ll) All temperature-compensated or temperature-corrected types:
TRADE A.ND INOeSTRY 12 OCT09ER "972 70
(f) Servo motors (gear-head or plain) as follows: or containers, device frames or stands and control equipment are not to
(1) Designed'to operate from power sources of more than 300 Hertz be included in the calculations.
except those: designed to o~te from power sources of over 300
Hertz up to and not exceeding 400 Hertz with a temperature range
offrom -55°C to + 125°C; 1571. Magnetometers having or capable of having a sensitivity better
(2) Designed to have a torque-to-inertia ratio of 50,000 radians per than ± 1.0 gamma (± 10..-5 oersteds), and specially designed parts therefor.
second or greater; Explanatory Notes:
(3) Incorporating special features to secure internal damping;
(4) Employing solid state Hall effect. (1) Sensitivity is defined as the visually recognised minimum sinusoidal
signal in the frequency range of 0.025 Hertz to 1.5 Hertz when signal-
(&) PQtentiometers (and special instruments rated to have the same to-noise ratio is higher than 1.
characteristics as potentiometers in (i) and (ii) below, such as Verni- (2) 'Specially designed parts therefor' is intended to include active rota-
stats)t as follows: tional compensation, as opposed to static compensation methods, and
(1) Linear potentiometers having a constant resolution and a rated any form of dynamic signal processing or gradient compensation pro-
linearity of 0.1 per cent or less; vided as part of, or designed for use with, magnetometers included in,
(2) Non-linear potentiometers having a variable resolution and a this item.
rated conformity of:
(i) 1 per cent or less when the resolution is inferior to that obtained
with a linear potentiometer of the same type and of the same 1572. Recording and/or reproducing equipment, as follows (for equip-.
track length; ment which may be exported in conjunction with computer shipments.
(ii) 0.5 per cent or less when the resolution is better than or equal see Item I.L. 1565).
to that obtained with a linear potentiometer of the same type (a) Using magnetic techniques, except those specifically designed for voice·
and of the same track length; or music;
(3) Designed for gimbal mounting; (b) Using electron beam(s) operating in a vacuum, and/or laser-produced
Explanatory Note: This sub-item does not include potentiometers using light beams (see also sub-item I.L. 1521 (e», that produce patterns or
only switched elements. images directly on the recording surface, and specialised equipment
for image development;
(h) Direct current and alternating current torquers, ie torque motors (c) Graphic instruments capable of continuous direct recording of sinu-
specially designed for gyros and stabilised platforms; soidal waves at frequencies exceeding 20 KiloHertz.;
(I) Electro-optical devices designed to monitor relative rotation of re- (d) Specialised parts, components and recording media for the above.
mote surfaces; Explanatory Note: The term 'recording media' in sub-item (d) above is.
(j) Synchronous motors, as follows: intended to include all types and forms of specialised recording media used
(1) Of size 20 (50.8 mm. (2 in.) in diameter) and smaller and having in such recording techniques, including but not limited to tapes, drums,
synchronous speeds in excess of 3,600 revolutions per minute. discs and matrices, except magnetic cards, checks and similar discrete'
(2) Designed to operate from power sources of more than 400 cycles non-rigid magnetic media other than tape.
per second; Equipment described in sub-item (a) above, and specialised parts, com-
ponents and recording media therefor, for use with the exported equipment, as
(k) Analogue-to-digjtal and digital-to-analogue converters other than follows;
digital voltmeters (see Item 1529), as follows: (a) magnetic tape recorders specially designed for television recording
(1) Electrical-input types possessing: using a signal registered with the CCIR, and having all of the following
(i) A peak conversion rate capability in· excess of 50,000 com- characteristics:
plete conversions per second; (i) 3 decibel recording bandwidth not exceeding 4 MegaHertz,·
(ii) An accuracy in excess of 1 part in more than 10,000 of full (ii) time base error of not less than 4 microseconds over a 20 milli-
scale; or second interval;
(Hi) A figure of merit of 107 or more (derived from the number of (iii) peak-to-peak signal to r.m.s noise ratio not exceeding 45 decidels;
complete conversions per second divided by accuracy); (iv) differential gain ofnot less than 5 per cent;
(2) Solid state synchro-to-digital and digital-to-synchro resolvers; (v) maximum length of time of a single scan not exceeding 20 milli-
(3) Mechanical input types (including but not limited to shaft posi- seconds;
tion encoders and linear displacement encoders but excluding (vi) not ruggedised;
complex servo-follower systems) as follows: (vii) containing no electronically controlled delay lines;
(i) Rotary types having an accuracy or maximum incremental (b) analogue recorders having all of the following characteristics:
accuracy better than ± 1 part in 10,000 of full scale; (i) bandwidth capability at maximum design speed not exceeding
(ii) Linear displacement types having an accuracy of better than 100 KiloHertz per track,·
± 5 microns; (ii) recording density not exceeding 5,000 magneticflux sine waves per
(4) Employing solid state Hall effect; linear inch per track;
(I) Semi-conductor Hall field probes, as follows;
(iii) not ruggedised,'
(iv) not rated for continuous operation in ambient temperatures from
(1) Made of indium-arsenide-phosphide (In As P); below - 20°C to above + 55°C;
(2) Coated with ceramic or ferritic materials (eg special field probes (v) not specifically designed for underwater use;
such an tangential field probes, multipliers t modulators, recorder (vi) not including recording and/or reproducing heads of the rotary or
probes, etc.); floating types or designed for use in equipment with characteristics
(3) With an open circuit sensitivity greater than superior to those defined in sub-paragraphs (b) (i) and (ii) above;
0.12 Volt (vii) tape speed not exceeding 60 in. per second;
(viii) number of recording tracks (excluding audio voice track) not
Ampere x Kilogauss exceeding 16;
Explanatory Note: The slope of a straight line that passes through the (ix) start-stop time not less than 25 fflilliseconds.
point of origin and through the point U20: 11 at B=Bn, in the charac- (c) Systems for use in civil aircraft or helicopters to record flight data for
teristic is defined as the open circuit sensitivity (where u2o=Hall voltage, safety and/or maintenance purposes, and having all of the following
open circuit; i, = Control current; Bn = Rated value of applied magnetic characteristics:
control field). (i) in normal civil use for more than one year,·
(m) Specially designed parts, components, sub-assemblies and test equip- (ii) not exceeding 100 input channels;
ment (including adapters, couplers, etc.) for the above. (iii) sum of the individual channel recording bandwidth not exceeding
500 Hertz.
(d) recording equipment having no apparent relations to embargoed equip-
IS70. Thermoelectric materials and devices as follows: ment or materials, provided that the capability of the recorder is limited
(a) Thermoelectric materials with a maximum product of the figure of to both:
merit (Z) and the temperature (T in OK) in excess of 0.75 ; (i) the use of! in. wide tape,'
(b) Junctions and combinations of junctions using any of the materials (ii) digital recording techniques in serial form with a packing density not
in (a) above; exceeding 800 bits per inch.
(c) Heat absorbing and/or electrical power generating devices containing
any of the junctions in (b) above; Explanatory Note: The recording density in Note 2 (b) (ii) above is, for
(d) Other power generating devices which generate in excess of 10 watts direct recorders, the recording bandwidth divided by the tape speed; for
per pound or of 500 watt per cubic foot of the devices' basic thermo- FM recorders, the carrier frequency plus deviation divided by the tape
electric components; speed; and in Note 2 (d) (ii) above, for digital recorders, the bits per second
(e) Specialised parts, components and sub-assemblies, for the above de- per track divided by the tape speed.
vices (See also sub-item I.L. 1205(c». Magnetic tape on reels for use with computers, provided that they have all
Explanatory Notes: The figure of merit (Z) equals Seebeck coefficient of the following characteristics:
squared divided by the product of electrical resistivity and thermal con- (a) a base of untensilised polyethylene polyterephthalate,·
ductivity. (b) a base of nominal thickness not less than 22 microns (0.87 nlil),'
The weight and cubic measurements in sub-item (d) above are not (c) a tape width not exceeding 19 mm (1 in.),·
intended to encompass the complete device but to include only the (d) a magnetic'coating certified for maximum packing density of 1,600 bits
thermo-electric elements and assembly and the components for pump- per inch along the length of the tape and 14 recording tracks across the
ing calories. Other components, such as heating and/or cooling sources tape;
80 TRADE AND INDUSTRY 12 OCTOBER 1972
(e) reels are specially designed for computer use and have a diameter not 1586. Praetersonic radio frequency signal processing devices, as follows:
exceeding 267 mm (10.5 in.) and a tape length not exceeding 1,097.3 m (a) Surface acoustic wave devices (ie radio frequency signal processitt.l
(3,600 ft.). devices employing elastic waves in a variety ofpiezo-electric substances
Incremental recorders .and/or reproducers (ie equipment designed for the including but not limited to lithium niobate, lithium tantalate, bismuth
discontinuous sampling and/or collection of data in an incremental manner) germanium oxide, yttrium garnet and quartz), which permit direct
with the characteristics described in (iii) to (vi) ofparagraph (b) of this Note processing of signals at carrier freqlfencies over 156 MegaHertz, in-
.and with a maximum tape speed, at the maximum stepping rate of 5.1 ems... cluding amplifiers, fixed, tapped and dispersive delay lines, l'trlse eorD*
(2 in.) per second or less. pression devices and non-linear devices; and specialised parts th~;
Video tape in reasonable quantities for use in civil television recording (b) Bulk (volume) acoustic wave devices (ie radio frequency signal pro-
.and reproducing applications: ' cessing devices employing elastic waves in a variety of piezo-dectric
(1) Chromium dioxide-coated tape with a width of 12.7 mm (1 in.) or substances similar to those in (a) above) which permit direct processiag
less; of signals at carrier frequencies over 1 GigaHertz, including pulse com-
(2) Undoped gamma-iron oxide-coated tape with a rated intrinsic pression and convolution devices, non..linear devices and fixed delay
coercitivitynot exceeding 350 oersteds. lines; and specialised parts thereof;
Explanatory Note: Praetersonic is defined as that range of frequeBcies
1576. Centrifugal testing apparatus or equipment possessing any of the above 10,000 times the nominal high sonic frequencies; eg above 150
following characteristics: MegaHertz.
(a) Driven by a motor or motors having a total rated horsepower greater Devices covered by sub-item (0) above thflt are specially designed for
than 400 horsepower; use in civil television equipment and which operate at frequencies below 1
(b) Capable of carrying a payload of 113.4 Kgs. or more; GigaHertz.
(c) Capable of exerting a centrifugal acceleration of 8 or more 'g' on a
payload of 90.72 Kgs. or more.
1587. Quartz crystals and assemblies thereof in any stage of fabrication
(ie worked, semi-finished or mounted), as follows:
1584. Ion microscopes having a resolving power better than 10 Ang-
strom units. (a) Por use as filter elements, and having any of the following character-
istics:
1584. Oscilloscopes and specialised parts therefor, as follows: (1) Designed for operation over a temperature range wider than
(a) Cathode ray oscilloscopes, associated plug-in units and external 120°C (216°P);
amplifiers and pre-amplifiers possessing any of the following charac- (2) Crystals or assemblies of crystals which use the trapped energy
teristics: phenomenon (ie those which have more than one series or
parallel resonance on a single quartz element);
(1) An amplifier bandwidth greater than 75 MegaHertz(defined as the
band of frequencies over which the deflection on the cathode ray (b) Por use as oscillator elements and having any of the following charac-
tube does not fall below 70.7 per cent of that at maximum point teristics:
measured with a constant input voltage to the amplifier); (1) Designed for operation over a temperature range wider than 169°C
(2) Containing or designed for the use of cathode ray tubes with travel- (288°P);
ling wave or distributed deflection structure or incorporating other (2) Having a frequency stability of plus or minus 0.005 per cent or
techniques to minimise mismatch of fast phenomena signals to the better over the rated operating temperature range (whether temper-
deflection. structure; ature compensated or not).
(3) Ruggedised to meet a military specification; (3) Capable, when mounted, of being passed through a ch cular hole
(5) Rated for operation over an ambient temperature range of from with a dianleter of 9.9 tum (0.39 in.);
below - 25°C to above + 55°C. (4) Mounted in metal holders sealed with thermo-compression welding
(b) Electronic devices for stroboscopic analysis of a signal (ie sampling Explanatory Note: This item only covers quartz crystals having piezo-
devices), whether sub-assemblies or separate units, designed to be used electric qualities. It is understood that this definition does not cover optical
in conjunction with an oscilloscope to permit the analysis of recurring grade quartz crystals.
phenomena, and which increase the capabilities of an oscilloscope to Items covered by sub-item (a) which have either of the following character-
permit measurements within the limits of equipment described in sub- istics:
item (a) (i) above. (a) Designed for operation as intermediate frequency filters, operuting at
10.7 or 21.4 MegaHertz with 3 decibel bandwidths not exceeding 30Kilo-
1585. Photographic equipment, as follows: Hertz; or
(a) High speed cinema recording cameras, as follows: (b) Designed lor operation as single side-band filters operating at from
(1) Cameras in which the film is continuously advanced throughout 1 to 10 MegaHertz with 3 decibel bandwidths not exceeding 4 KiloHertz.
the recording period, and which are capable of recording at rates
exceeding 3,000 frames per second for the full framing height of 1588. Materials composed ofcrystals having spine), orthorhombic, hexagon-
standard 35 mm wide photographic film or proportionately al or garnet crystal structures; thin film devices; assemblies of the fore-
higher rates for lesser frame heights, or proportionately lower going; and devices containing them, as follows: .
rates for greater frame heights;
(2) Cameras in which the film moves intermittently during the re- (for equipment which may be exported in conjunction with computer
cording period, being automatically locked in place for each frame, shipments, see Item I.L. 1565),
and which are capable of recording at the following rates: (a) Monocrystals of ferrites and garnets, synthetic only:
(i) Exceeding 250 frames per second for 16 mm film; (b) Single aperture forms possessing any of the following characteristics:
(ii) Exceeding 130 frames per second for 35 mm film; (1) Switching speed of 0.3 microsecond or faster at the minimum field
(Hi) Exceeding 50 frames per second for 70 mm film at full frame strength required for switching at 40°C (l 04 °P);
heights; (2) A maximunl dimension less than 30 mils (0.76 mm).
(b) High speed cameras in which the film does not move, and which are (c) Multi-aperture forms with fewer than 10 apertures possessing any of
capable of recording at rates exceeding 250,000 frames per second for the following characteristics;
the fuH framing height of standard 35 mm wide photographic film, (l) Switching speed of 1 microsecond or faster at the minimum field
or proportionately higher rates for lesser frame heights, or proportion- strength required for switching at 40°C; (l04°F);
ately lower rates for greater frame heights; . (2) A maximum dimension less than 100 mils (2.54 mm);
(c) Cameras incorporating image converters and specially designed
controls, parts and accessories therefor: (d) Multi-aperture forms baving 10 or more apertures;
(d) Photographic systems specially designed for use in space vehicles; (e) Thin film (including plated wire and plated rods) memory storage or
(e) Streak cameras having writing speeds of 8 millimetres/microsecond and switching devices;
above capable of recording events which are not initiated by the camera (f) Materials suitable for application in electromagnetic devices making
mechanism. use of the gyro-magnetic resonance phenomenon.
(g) Rod forms possessing any of the following characteristics:
. Explanatory Note: Streak cameras are cameras designed to record the
mtensity of a light source as a function of time by moving the image of the (1) Switching speed of 0.3 microsecond or faster at the minimum field
Source along the film in a single direction. strength required for switching at 40°C (104.oP);
(2) A minimum dimension less than 10 roils (0.254 mm).
(f) Cameras having shutter speeds of less than 1 microsecond per opera-
tion, and specialised parts and accessories therefor; Single aperture forms described in sub-item (b) above, provided that they
(g) High speed film,Rs follows: have a switching speed of slower than 0.3 microsecond and a maxilnllln
dimension of 18 mils (0.46 mm) or more.
(i) Having an intensity dynamic range of 1,000,000:1 or more; or
(ii) Having a speed of ASA 10,000 (or its equivalent) or better;
(h) High speed plates having an intensity dynamic range of 1,000,000:1 or 1595. Gravity meters (gravimeters) and specialised parts therefor,
more. designed or modified for airborne or marine use.
Equipment described in sub-itenl (c) above except:
(0 multi-frante cameras with variable frame intervals and exposures
within a sequence; Group H. Metals, Minerals and their Manufactures
(ii) accessories and attachments for covering cameras incorporating In this Group:
image converters into multi-frame cameras capable ofbeing operated Raw materials cover all materials from which the metal can be usefully
in a si/ni/or mode to those defined in paragraph (0 extracted, ie ores, concentrates, matte, reguJus, residues and dross (ashes);
Equipment described in sub-item (I). and
TRADE AND INt>US:TRV 12 OCTOBER 1~72 11
Unless provision to the contrary is made in particular items of the 1654. Magnesium base alloys containing 1 per cent or more of didYmiunl
definition, the words metal and alloys cover all crude and semi-fabricated cerium, lanthanum, neodymium, praseodymium, yttrium, or scandium:
forms as follows: and scrap forms thereof.
Crude forms: (See also sub-items AE 1 (g) and A.E. 35 (c) (1».
Anodes, balls, bars (including notched bars and wire bars), billets,
blocks, blooms, brickets, cakes, cathodes, crystals, cubes, dice, grains, 1658. Molybdenum metal with a purity of more than 99.9 per cent, and
granules, ingots, lumps, pellets, pigs, powder, rondles, shot, 'slabs, slugs, alloys containing 97.5 per cent or more of molybdenum, except molYb-
sponge, sticks: denum metal wire or molybdenum alloy wire, and unalloyed sheets,
Semi-fabricated forms (whether or not coated, plated, drilled or strips and tapes 50.8 cm (20 in.) or less in width.
punched):
(i) Wrought or worked material fabricated by rolling, drawing, extruding, 1661. Nickel based alloys (ie containing a higher percentage by weight of
forging, impact extruding, pressing, graining, atomising and grinding, nickel than of any other element), as follows:
ie angles, channels, circles, discs, dust, flakes, foil and leaf forgings, (a) With a combined content of aluminium and titanium greater than
plates, powder, pressings and stampings, ribbons, rings, rods (in- 11 per cent;
cluding bare welding rods, wire rods and rolled wire), sections, shapes, (b) Dispersion strengthened containing more than 1 per cent of oxides of
sheets, strip, pipe and tube (including tube rounds, squares and hol- thorium, aluminium, yttrium, zirconium, cerium, or lanthanum; or
lows), drawn or extruded wire; (c) Containing 0.05 per cent or more of scandium, yttrium, didymium,
(ll) Cast material produced by casting in sand, die, metal, plaster or other cerium, lanthanum, neodymium, or praseodymium.
types of moulds, including high pressure castings, sintered forms, and
forms made by powder metallurgy.
1668. Tungsten metal, of 99.9 per cent or more purity, as follows:
1601. Anti-friction bearings, as follows: (a) Pressed-sintered crude and semi-fabricated forms weighing more than
(a) All ball and cylindrical roller bearings having an inner bore diameter of 9 kg (20 lb.), except wire and sheet;
10 mm or less and tolerances of ABEC 5, RBEC 5 (or equivalents) (b) Pressed-sintered porous crude and semi-fabricated forms weighing more
of better and either or both of the following characteristics: than 6.8 kg (15 lb.), before infiltration, or more than 9 kg (20 lb.)
after infiltration.
(1) Made of special materials, ie with rings, balls or rollers made from
any steel alloy or other material except the following: Explanatory Notes: Sub-item (b) includes porous forms partially or
Low-carbon steel; SAE-521oo high carbon chromium steel; SAE- wholly infiltrated with other metals such as copper, magnesium, silver,
461 S nickel molybdenum steel; or equivalents tin and/or zinc. Forms shall be regarded as porous if their density prior
to infiltration is between 13.5 and 16.4 g/cm 3 • The term 'infiltrated tung-
(partial illustrative examples of special materials for this purpose sten' does not include alloys.
are: high-speed tool steels; stainless steel; monels; beryllium); The pressed-sintered porous structure (known as the skeleton) will be
(2) Manufacture for use at normal operating temperatures over 150°C of 99.9 per cent or more purity of tungsten before or after the infiltration
(302°F) either by use of special materials or by heat treatment; process.
(b) All ball and cylindrical roller bearings (exclusive of separable ball
bearings and thrust ball bearings) having an inner bore diameter
exceeding 10 mm and having tolerances of ABEC 7, RBEC 7 1670. Tantalum as follows:
(or equivalents) or better (ABEC 5 in the case of hollow bearings) (a) Metal and tantalum-based alloys containing 60 per cent or more of
and either or both of the characteristics in (a) (1) or (a) (2) above: tantalum;
(c) Bearing parts as follows: (b) Scrap forms of the metal and alloys described in sub-item (a) above.
Outer rings, inner rings, retainers, balls, rollers and sub-assemblies (See also Items I.L. 1649 and I.L. 1760).
usable only for bearings covered by sub-items (a) and (b). Sheet and strip 010.127 mm (0.005 in.) or more in thickness and wire, not
exceeding 10 kg (22Ih.) in total weight for one unit or coil;
1631. Magnetic metals of all types and of whatever form possessing one or Gauze and preformed shapes for surgical use.
more of the following characteristics:
(a) Grain oriented sheet or strip of a thickness of 0.1 mm (0.004 in.) or
less; 1671. Titanium as follows:
(b) Initial permeability 70,000 gauss-oersteds (0.0875 Henry/m) or over; (a) Crude forms of titanium metal having a Brinell Hardness Number
(c) Remanence 98.5 per cent or over of maximum flux for materials (BHN) of less than 90;
having magnetic permeability; (b) Titanium based alloys containing more than 70 per cent titanium in
(d) A composition capable of an energy product; crude or semi-fabricated forms except alloys made of;
(i) exceeding 8 times 108 gauss-oersteds (63,700 joules/mS); or (i) 6 per cent aluminium, 4 per cent vanadium and the balance
(H) 4.85 times 10' gauss-oersteds (38,600 joules/m3 ) or greater and titanium;
having a coercive force of 1,800 oersteds (143,200 amperes/m) or (ii) 5 per cent aluminium, 2.5 per cent tin, and the balance titanium;
greater. (iii) up to 0.3 per cent palladium and the balance titanium;
(iv) 2.5 per cent copper and the balance titanium;
1635. Iron and steels, alloyed as follows: (v) 4 per cent aluminium, 4 per cent molybdenum, 2 per cent tin,
0.5 per cent silicon and the balance titanium;
(a) Containing 10 per cent or more molybdenum (but more than 5 per cent (vi) 8 per cent aluminium, 1 per cent molybdenum, 1 per cent vana-
molybdenum in any alloys containing more than 14 per cent chrom- dium and the balance, titanium;
ium); except products obtained by casting and having a carbon con- (vii) 4 per cent aluminium, 3 per cent molybdenum, 1 per cent vana-
tent of more than 1.5 per cent; dium and the balance titanium;
(b) Nickel bearing stabilised steels, not elsewhere specified, having a total (viii) 2 per cent copper, 2 per cent iron, 2 per cent molybdenum and the
of 38 per cent or more of alloying elements, except such steels con- balance titanium;
taining less than 0.4 per cent titanium or less than 0.8 per cent niobium- (ix) 5 per cent chromium, 3 per cent aluminium and the balance
tantalum. titanium;
Explanatory Note: For the purpose of calculating the 38 per cent cut- (x) 5.4 per cent aluminium, 4 per cent copper, 1.3 per cent iron,
off, the maximum of the range specified for each element is to be taken. 1.25 per cent molybdenum and the balance titanium.
In the absence of a special maximum for titanium or niobium-tantalum, (c) Ferro-titanium containing more than 80 per cent titanium and less than
the figure of 0.4 per cent shall be used to indicate the presence of titanium 10 per cent iron;
or 0.8 per cent for niobium-tantalum. The 38 per cent cut-off must not be (d) Scrap forms of the metal and alloys covered by (a) (b) and (c) above.
exceeded to take account of manufacturing or other tolerances. Alloying
elements means all constituents other than iron.
(c) Precipitation hardening steels containing 4 per cent or more nickel. 1673. Artificial graphite having an apparent relative density of 1.90 or
Explanatory Note: Precipitation hardening steels, containing 4 per cent greater when compared with water at 15.5°C (60°F).
or more nickel, are steel alloys designed for solid separation of critical Explanatory Note: Artificial graphite as defined above which has been
constituents at sub-critical temperatures. These steels are usually identified coated or composited with other elements or compounds to improve its
by their content of one or more precipitation agents. performance at high temperatures or to reduce its permeability to gases
is to be regarded as included in the definition. The definition does not
1648. Cobalt based alloys (ie containing a higher percentage by weight of apply to artificial graphite which has been impregnated or composited
cobalt than of any other element), as follows: with inorganic materials for the purpose of improving only its electrical
conductivity, its mechanical resistance or its mechanical friction pro-
(a) Containing 5 per cent or more of tantalum; or perties or to electrical resistors, artificial loads for microwave application,
(b) Dispersion strengthened containing more than 1 per cent of oxides of cable waveguide terminations, brush stock special joints for electrodes,
thorium, aluminium, yttrium, zirconium or cerium; or boats and crucibles.
(c) Containing 0.05 per cent or more of scandium, yttrium, didYmium,
cerium, lanthanum, neodymium, or praseodYmium. . Individual shipments of 25 kg (55 lb.) or less of pyro!itic graphite (ie
graphite made by vapour deposition at temperatures exeeding 1,500°C
(2,732°F) in crude or semi-fabricated forms, the dimension of anyone of
1649. Niobium (columbium), as follows: which does not exceed 10 cm (4 in.) in any direction.
(a) Niobium-based alloys containing 60 per cent or more niobium or Non-pyrolitic graphite, having a relative density of less than 1.95 which
niobium-tantalum in combination; not been coated or composited with other elements or compounds to improve
(b) Scrap forms of the alloys described in (a) above. its performance at elevated temperatures or to reduce its permeability to
(See also Item I.L. 1760 and sub-item M.L. 20 (b». gaaes.
aa TRADE AND INDUSTRY 12 OCTOBER 1972
GrOUP I. Chemicalst MetaDohls and Petroleum products which the niobium content with respect to tantalum is less ~ one·p4rt
per thousand.
1701. Lead azide, sodium azide and primary explosives or priming (See also Items I.L. 1649 and I.L. 1670.)
compositions (mixtures) contaning azides and/or azide compounds or
complexes. 1762. Aluminium hydride.
Individual shipments not exceeding 10 kg ofaluminium hydride.
1702. Hydraulic fluids which are or which contain as the principal in-
gredients petroleum (mineral) oils and which have all the following charac- .1763. Fibrous and filamentary materials which may be used in composite
teristics: structures or laminates and manufactures thereof, as follows:
(a) a pour point of -34°C (- 30°F) or lower; (a) Having both of the following characteristics:
(b) a viscosity index of 75 or great~r; and (1) Specific modulus greater than 1.25 x 108 ;
(c) are thermally stable at + 371°C ( + 700°F). (2) Specific tensile strength greater than 3 x 108 ;
(b) Having both of the following characteristics:
1115. Boron, the following:
(1) Specific modulus greater than 1 x 108 ;
(a) Boron element, boron compounds and mixtures in which the boron (2) Melting or sublimation point higher than 1,649°C (3,OOO°F) in an
-10 isotope comprises more than 20 per cent of the total boron content; inert environment: except carbonfibres having a specific modulus
(b) Boron element (metal) all forms; of less than 2 x 108 and specific tensile strength ofless than 1 x 10'.
(c) Boron compounds, mixtures, and composites containing 5 per cent or
more of boron (except pharmaceutical specialities packaged for retail (c) Composite structures and laminates, including metal matrix com-
sale), as follows: posite materials, fabricated by using equipment covered by Item 13S7,
or by metal casting, or by strengthening eutectic alloys in situ by
(1) Boron carbide having a boron content of 74 per cent or more by directional solidification, from materials covered by sub-items (a) and
weight and composites thereof in crude or semi-fabricated forms; (b) above.
(2) Boron nitride (hexagonal close-packed structure, white form) and
composites thereof in crude or semi-fabricated forms; other boron- Explanatory Notes:
nitrogen compounds (eg borazanes, borazines, and boropyra- 1. The term 'fibrous and filamentary materials' includes:
zoyls); (a) continuous monofilament;
(3) Boron hydrides (eg boranes), except sodium boron hydride, (b) continuous yams and rovings;
potassium boron hydride, monoborane, diborane and triborane; (c) tapes, woven fabrics and random mats;
(4) Organoboron compounds, including metallo-organoboron com- (d) chopped fibres, staple fibres and coherent fib~e blankets;
pounds; (e) whiskers, either monocrystalline or polycrystalline, of any length.
(5) Borides with purities above 98.5 per cent and having melting points 2. 'Specific modulus' is Young's modulus in Ib./in. 1 (measured at a
of 2,OOO°C (3,632°F) or higher and composites thereof in crude temperature of 23°C ±2°C (73.4°F ±3.6°F) and a relative humidity of
or semi-fabricated forms. SO per cent ±5 per cent) divided by density in lb./cu. in.
3. 'Specific tensile strength' is ultimate tensile strength in Ib./in. 1 measured
1746. Polymeric substances and manufactures thereof, as follows: at a temperature of 23°C ± 2°C (73.4OF ± 3.6°F) and a relative humidity
(a) Polyimides; of SO per cent ±5 per cent divided by density in lb./cu. in.
(b) Polybenzimidazoles;
(c) Potyimidazopyrrolones; 1770. Any liquid fuel, including petroleum products, having a gross
(d) Aromatic polyamides; calorific value of not less than 23,400 BTUlIb. (13,000 cal./g) which con-
(e) Polyparaxylylenes. tains high energy components or compounds.
Explanatory Note: It is not intended that this item shall include manu-
factured articles where the value of the polymeric component together 1781. Synthetic lubricating oils and greases, as follows:
with materials mentioned in other items appearing in this schedule is less (a) Oils and greases which are or which contain as their principal ingredi-
than 50 per cent of the total value of the article. ent, the following:
(See also Item I.L. 1564.) (1) Monomeric and polymeric forms of perfluorotriazines, per-
fluoroaromatic ethers and esters, and perfluoroaliphatic ethers and
1754. Fluoro-carbon compounds and manufactures as' follows: esters;
(a) Monomeric and polymeric materials, as follows: (2) Polyphenyl ethers containing more than three phenyl groups;
(l) Polytetrafluoroethylene, coagulated dispersion grades only; (b) Oils and greases which contain as their principal ingredient esters of
(2) Polychlorotrifluoroethylene, oily and waxy modifications only;
trimethylol propane or trimethylol ethane or pentaerythritol with
(3) Polyvinylidene fluoride;
saturated monobasic acids containing more than six carbon atoms.
(4) Copolymers and terpolymers composed of any combination of the Explanatory Note: Sub-item (b) covers only formulated lubricants,
following monomers: tetrafluoroethylene, chlorotrifluoroethylene, not the esters themselves.
vinylidene fluoride, hexafluoroproDvlene and bromotrifluoro- Excluded from parts (a) (1) and (b) above are those oils and greases con-
ethylene; taining by weight either
(5) Polybromotrifluoroethylene; (a) not less than 50 per cent of neutral castor oil; or
(6) Dibromotetrafluoroethane; (b) not less than S per cent of neutral castor oil and not less than SO per
(7) Perfiuoroalkylamines; cent of castor oil and petroleum oil together.
(b) Greases, lubricants and dielectric, damping and flotation fluids Reasonable quantities of appropriate types of lubricants described in
made wholly of any of the materials in (a) above; sub-item (b) above for use in civil aircraft being exported, or having been
(c) Electric wire and cable coated with or insulated with any of the exported.
materials in (a) above.
Polytetrafluoroethylene coagulate dispersion grades, with a steady state Group J. Synthetic Rubber and Synthetic Film
extrusion pressure in excess of 703 kilogrammes per square centimetre 1801. Synthetic rubber, the following:
(10,000 pounds per square inch). (a) Alkyl polysulphide liquid polymers;
1755. Silicone fluids and greases, as follows: Explanatory Note: The definition is intended to cover polymers
which are themselves liquid. Water dispersions, otherwise called latices,
(a) FluJrinated silicone fluids; are not covered.
(b) Silicone lubricating greases capable of operating at temperatures of
180°C (356°F) or higher and having a drop point (method of test (b) and Fluorinated silicone rubber and other fluorinated elastomeric material
being ASTM and ITP) of 220°C (428°F) or higher. such organic intermediates for their production as contain 10 per
cent or more of combined fluorine;
Silicone lubricating greases not capable of operating at temperatures of
205°C (400°F) or higher. (c) Polymeric products ofbutadiene, as follows:
(1) Carboxyl terminated polybutadiene; hydroxyl terminated poly-
1757. Compounds and metallic materials, as follows: butadiene; thiol terminated polybutadiene; and cyclised 1,27
(a) Monocrystalline silicon wafers, including epitaxially-Iayered types, polybutadiene;
having the following characteristics: . (2) Mouldable copolymers of butadiene and acrylic acid;
(3) Mouldable terpolymers of butadiene, acrylonitrile and acryli~
(1) Dislocation densities of 750 per sq. cm or less; and acid or any of the homologues of acrylic acid;
(2) Resistivity of less than 70 ohm x cm for N-type; less than
100 ohm x cm for P-type. (d) Carboxyl terminated polyisoprene and polyisobutylene.
(b) Monocrystalline gallium compounds in any form; 1920. Synthetic film of a thickness not exceeding 0.0254 mm (0.001 in.)
(c) Monocrystalline indium compounds in any form. capable of being used as a dielectric in the manufacture of capacitors
Explanatory Note: Sub-items (b) and (c) above do not include elec- covered by Item 1560, made from the following:
tronic grades of monocrystalline materials, containing less than 1 per cent (a) Polysulphone (not otherwise covered by Item 1746);
of either gallium or indium. (b) Polycarbonate capable of being used nn the manufacture of capacitors
Material conveyed by sub-item (a) above having a dislocation density of that can operate permanently without derating at temperatures
15per sq. cm or less and a resistivity of15 ohm x cm or less. exceeding I1SoC (239°F);
(c) Fluoro-earbon compounds covered by Item 1754.
1760. Compounds of tantalum and niobium (columbium), as follows: Explanatory Note: The production of a dielectric film requires not only
(a) Tantalates and niobates having a purity of 98 per cent or more; a low thickness tolerance but also the constant permittivity of the insulator
(b) Other compounds containing 20 per cent or more of tantalum in used.
TRADE AND INDUSTRY 12 OCTOBER 1972 a