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60.

0M SPAN ARCH BRIDGE AT STAKNA, LEH

PISA INERNATIONAL PVT. LTD.

CLIENT : PWD CIRCLE , LEH. GOVT OF J&K


BASIC DESIGN DATA
1. Ref: IRC 5-1998, Cl 112.1
Carriage way width = 4250 mm
Wearing Coat : Average 62 mm of Concrete Asphalt.
Bridge Cross Section as shown below

2.Ref: IRC 5-1998, Cl 106.2.3


Height of Bearing Base Plate from H.F.L 2000 mm

3.Ref: IRC 6 -2010, Cl 206.6


unit wt. of Reinforced concrete= 2.50 t/m3
unit wt. of Asphalt concrete= 2.20 t/m3

4.Ref: IRC 6 -2010, Cl 204.1


Loading : Class A train of Vehicles
Minimum Clearance from Kerb face to outer edge of wheel = 150 mm

60.0M SPAN ARCH BRIDGE AT STAKNA, LEH

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CLIENT : PWD CIRCLE , LEH. GOVT OF J&K

Transferring the Wheel Loads to the Stringers


For the First Axle Load of 2.7Ton, i.e., 1.35Ton wheel load, we have,
Reaction at S2

= [(0.275 x 1.35) + (2.075 x 1.35)] / 2


= 1.58625 Ton

Reaction at S1

=1.11375 Ton

Similarly,

LOADS (Tn)
2.7
2.7
11.4
11.4
6.8
6.8
6.8
6.8

DIST (m)

1.1
3.2
1.2
4.3
3
3
3

LOAD on
each wheel

Transferred
Load on S1

Transferred
Load on S2

1.35
1.35
5.7
5.7
3.4
3.4
3.4
3.4

1.11375
1.11375
4.7025
4.7025
2.805
2.805
2.805
2.805

1.58625
1.58625
6.6975
6.6975
3.995
3.995
3.995
3.995

5.Ref: IRC 6 -2010, Cl 204.2


2.30 m of Carraige way to cover Class A loading, balance portion of width of carriage way to have 500kg/m2
of Live Load.

60.0M SPAN ARCH BRIDGE AT STAKNA, LEH

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CLIENT : PWD CIRCLE , LEH. GOVT OF J&K


6.Ref: IRC 6 -2010, Cl 208.4
Impact Factor: 15.4%

7.Ref: IRC 6 -2010, Cl 211.2


Braking Force = 20% of first train + 10% of second train actually on the span, acting at 1.20m above deck
level, without effect of Impact.
Total Braking Force = 55.40 x 0.2 + 55.40 x 0.1 = 16.62 Ton.
Net Upward/ Downward Reaction on Support due to braking = (16.62x1.3) x1.20/60.0 = (+/-) 0.40 Ton.
The Braking force has been applied to the TIE members and the Tie members has been designed with a
Force of (16.62 / 2) = 8.31 Tn in addition to the Actual Force obtained by Staad Analysis.
NOTE: The effect of this Horz force from tie to ther members like Arch, Hangers and Diagonals has been
ignored
The forces created by the lever arm of 1.2m above deck level is to be reflected in the support reactions.
8. Ref: IRC 6 -2010, Cl 209.2
For Basic Wind Speed = 33m/sec
Interpolation for 14m height above HFL using Table 4: IRC-2010)
Vz = 28.92 m/s
Pz = 502.75 N/m2
For Basic Wind Speed = 55m/sec
Vz = 28.92 x 55/33 = 48.2 m/s
Pz = 502.75 x 55/33 = 837.9 N/m2
G = Gust Factor = 2.0
CD= Drag coefficient
Solidity ratio

= =ratio of net area to overall area of truss

Overall area of Truss = r2 x (86.040/3600) = 1495.55m2


Length of Arch member = 2r x (86.040/3600) = 67.02 m
Length of Tie member = 60.90 m
Length of vertical member = 99.20 m
Length of Diagonal member = 101.59 m
Assuming 300 mm member depth, net area of truss = 98.61m2

60.0M SPAN ARCH BRIDGE AT STAKNA, LEH

PISA INERNATIONAL PVT. LTD.

CLIENT : PWD CIRCLE , LEH. GOVT OF J&K


So, = (98.61/1495.55) = 0.066
CD for windward side = 1.9
Truss spacing ratio = distance between center of truss by depth of windward truss
=

(..)/
./

= 0.68

For = 0.066, and truss spacing ration = 0.68, = 1.0


So CDfor leeward side = CD = 1.9
So Transverse wind force per m

= FT = Pz.G.CD.A1 = = 837.9 x2.0x1.9x0.3


= 955.2 N/m (used in staad model)

9. Ref: IRC 6 -2010, Cl 219.0


Seismic Zone = IV
Zone factor = Z = 0.24
Importance Factor = I = 1.0

10. Ref: IRC 6 -2010, Cl 221.0


Snow Load :

25 cm of snow with snow density of 900 kg/m3


= 0.25x0.9 = 0.225 T/m2 (Applied in staad model)

BEARING ARRANGEMENT

NODE

X
CO-ORD

Z
CO-ORD

003
005
3434
3436

0.00
0.00
60.90
60.90

0.00
5.40
0.00
5.40

TRANSLATION
X
X
X

Y
X
X
X
X

Z
X

Four different types of support conditions have been used in modelling the structure whose Restrains and translations
are summarized as above.
Node 003:

Is modelled as a pinned support Restrained for translation in all the three axis.

Node 005:

Is restrained for translation in X and Y Direction, but is released in Z Direction inorder to allow its
translation that might occur due to wind forces.

60.0M SPAN ARCH BRIDGE AT STAKNA, LEH

PISA INERNATIONAL PVT. LTD.

CLIENT : PWD CIRCLE , LEH. GOVT OF J&K


Node 3434:

Is restrained for translation in Z and Y Direction, but is released in X Direction inorder to allow its
translation that might occur due to Temperature forces or Live Load.

Node 3436:

Is restrained for translation in Y Direction only, but is released in X and Z Direction inorder to allow its
translation that might occur due to Wind forces as well as Temperature forces and Live Load.

60.0M SPAN ARCH BRIDGE AT STAKNA, LEH

PISA INERNATIONAL PVT. LTD.

CLIENT : PWD CIRCLE , LEH. GOVT OF J&K

60.0M SPAN ARCH BRIDGE AT STAKNA, LEH

PISA INERNATIONAL PVT. LTD.

CLIENT : PWD CIRCLE , LEH. GOVT OF J&K

2800
2870

10870

11720

12000

3080

4250 X 5000

4250 X 5000

4250 X 5000

5400

5400

5400

3430

3920

4560

4250 X 5000

4250 X 5000

4250 X 5000

5400

5400

5400

5000

4340

7270

9400

4250

60.0M SPAN ARCH BRIDGE AT STAKNA, LEH

PISA INERNATIONAL PVT. LTD.

CLIENT : PWD CIRCLE , LEH. GOVT OF J&K


STAAD INPUT
Refer to Annexure - I
STAAD OUTPUT
Refer to Annexure - II

DESIGN OF DECK SLAB


Dead Load Moment& Shear
Assuming MB-250 as long beam
Effective span = L = (2000-125) = 1875mm (IRC:21; Cl-305.4.3)
Considering Slab thickness = 175mm
Slab Weight = 2.5 x 0.175 = 0.44 t/m
Wearing Coat = 2.2 x 0.062
= 0.14 t/m
Total = 0.58 t/m
Moment = 0.58 x 1.8752/8 x 0.8 = 0.21 t.m/m
Shear = 0.58 x 1.875 x 0.6 = 0.65 t/m
Live Load Moment & Shear
For maximum effect, one wheel has been placed at the centre of span as shown below

Impact factor as per IRC 21 ; Cl:305-4.3 for span less than 3.0 m= 50%
Effective Width as per IRC 21 ; CL 305.16.2
beff = kx(1 X/L) + bw
bw = (205+ 2x62.5) = 375 mm
X = 1.875/2 = 0.9375
For B/L = 5000 /2000= 2.5 ; K = 2.60

60.0M SPAN ARCH BRIDGE AT STAKNA, LEH

PISA INERNATIONAL PVT. LTD.

CLIENT : PWD CIRCLE , LEH. GOVT OF J&K


beff = 2.60 x 0.9375 (1-0.5) + 0.375 = 1.59 m
Actual Effective with = (1.20 + 1.59) = 2.79 m
Width of Dispersion {500 +2 x (144+62.5)} (Considering 175 slab) = 913 mm

Intensity of Load = 11.40/0.913 = 12.49 t/m


M = 12.49x0.913x1.875/2 0.913/2x 12.49 x 0.913 /4 = 4.04 T-m
Considering Continuity & Impact factor : M= (4.04x0.8x1.50) = 4.85 T-m
Moment per m width = 4.85/2.79 = 1.74 T-m/m
For Maximum Shear Load is placed as shown below:

V = 0.913 x 12.49 x 1.42 / 1.875 = 8.64t


Considering Continuity & Impact = 8.64 x 0.8 x 1.50 = 10.37t
Shear per m width = 10.37/2.79 = 3.72 ton
Total Moment = (1.74 + 0.21) = 1.95 t.m/m
Total Shear = (3.72 + 0.65) = 4.37ton
Design of Section
Considering M25 grade of concrete & Fe 415 Reinforcement
cbc = 8.33 N/mm2, st = 200 N/mm2 , cmax= 1.9 N/mm2
k = 93.33/(st + 93.33) = 0.318 ; j = (1-k/3) = 0.894
R = cbc k j = x 8.33 x 0.318 x 0.894 = 1.18
d required = (1.95 x 107/ (1000 x 1.18))1/2= 128mm

60.0M SPAN ARCH BRIDGE AT STAKNA, LEH

PISA INERNATIONAL PVT. LTD.

CLIENT : PWD CIRCLE , LEH. GOVT OF J&K


d provided = (175 25 5 ) = 145 mm
Ast required = (1.95 x 107)/ ( 145x200x0.894) = 752mm2/m
Provide = 12 @ 150 c/c (754 mm2/m)
c= (4.37 x 104) / (1000x145) = 0.30 N/mm2<cmax= 1.90 N/mm2

ALTERNATIVE APPROACH OF DECK SLAB DESIGN


Carriage Way
C/C of Stringer
Effective width of dispersion

(lo)
beff
b/lo
k
Distance of Load from Nearest Support

= 4.7 m
= 2.0 m
= k*a*(1-a/lo)+b1
= 2.5
= 2.6
=a

Class A Loading
Impact Factor
Tyre Contact Dimension
Wearing Coarse thickness
Dispersion upto top of slab

= 54.5%
(IRC-6-2010 / Cl:208.4)
= 0.50m x 0.25m
= 0.065 m
= 0.25+(2x0.065) = 0.38m

b1

Effective dispersion along Span:


Dispersion upto Bottom of deck slab

= 0.5+2*(D17+0.175) = 0.98m

Max Wheel Load


Max Wheel Load with Impact

= 57 kN
= 88.065 kN

Case 1 : Minimum Clearance from kerb end


Effective width of L1
When,
a
b eff 1
L1/Contact area

( FIG: 1)

Effective width of L2
When,

a
b eff 2

L2/Contact area

= 0.275 m
= 2.6 x 0.275 x (1-0.275/2)+0.38 = 0.997 m
= 88.065 / (0.98 x 0.997) = 90.161 kN/m2

= 0.075 m
= 0.568 m
= 158.295 kN/m2

Case 2 : For Max Support Moment (FIG: 2)


Effective width of L1 = L2
When,
a
= 0.9 m
b eff 1 = b eff 2 = 1.667 m
(L1=L2)/Contact area
= 53.9 kN/m2
Case 3 : For Max Load at Mid-span FIG: 3
Effective width of L1

1
0

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PISA INERNATIONAL PVT. LTD.

CLIENT : PWD CIRCLE , LEH. GOVT OF J&K


When,

a
b eff 1

= 1.0 m
= 1.68 m
= 53.49 kN/m2

a
b eff 2

= 0.8 m
= 1.628 m
= 55.198 kN/m2

L1/Contact area
Effective width of L2
When,
L2/Contact area

STAAD INPUT FOR MOMENT ANALYSIS OF DECK SLAB

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60.0M SPAN ARCH BRIDGE AT STAKNA, LEH

PISA INERNATIONAL PVT. LTD.

CLIENT : PWD CIRCLE , LEH. GOVT OF J&K

STAAD PLANE TRANSVERSE ANALYSIS OF DECK


START JOB INFORMATION
ENGINEER DATE 01-Apr-14
END JOB INFORMATION
INPUT WIDTH 79
UNIT METER KN
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0 0 0; 2 0.352 0 0; 3 2.352 0 0; 4 4.352 0 0; 5 4.7045 0 0;
MEMBER INCIDENCES
1 2 3; 2 3 4; 3 4 5; 4 1 2;
DEFINE MATERIAL START
ISOTROPIC CONCRETE
E 2.17185e+007
POISSON 0.17
DENSITY 23.5616
ALPHA 1e-005
DAMP 0.05
TYPE CONCRETE
STRENGTH FCU 27579
END DEFINE MATERIAL
MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN
1 TO 4 PRIS YD 0.175 ZD 1
CONSTANTS
MATERIAL CONCRETE ALL
SUPPORTS
2 TO 4 PINNED
LOAD 1 LOADTYPE Dead TITLE DL
SELFWEIGHT Y -1
MEMBER LOAD
1 TO 4 UNI GY -1.43
4 UNI GY -5 0 0.225
3 UNI GY -5 0.1275
LOAD 2 LOADTYPE Dead TITLE CASE 1 - AT MIN DIST. FROM KERB
MEMBER LOAD
4 UNI GY -90.16 0.1265
1 UNI GY -90.61 0 0.7735
1 UNI GY -158.3 1.791
2 UNI GY -158.3 0 0.359
LOAD 3 LOADTYPE None TITLE CASE 2 - FOR MAX SUPPORT MOMENTS
MEMBER LOAD
1 UNI GY -53.9 0.22625 1.93375
2 UNI GY -53.9 0.06625 1.73375
LOAD 4 LOADTYPE None TITLE CASE 3 - FOR MAX LOAD AT MID-SPAN
MEMBER LOAD
1 UNI GY -53.49 0.1605 1.8405
1 UNI GY -55.2 1.9865
2 UNI GY -55.2 0 1.6145
LOAD COMB 5 COMBINATION LOAD CASE 5
1 1.0 2 1.0
LOAD COMB 6 COMBINATION LOAD CASE 6
1 1.0 3 1.0
LOAD COMB 7 COMBINATION LOAD CASE 7
1 1.0 4 1.0
PERFORM ANALYSIS
PRINT FORCE ENVELOPE
PRINT MAXFORCE ENVELOPE
PRINT FORCE ENVELOPE LIST ALL
FINISH

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60.0M SPAN ARCH BRIDGE AT STAKNA, LEH

PISA INERNATIONAL PVT. LTD.

CLIENT : PWD CIRCLE , LEH. GOVT OF J&K

Design of Deck Slab Section


Concrete
Steel
cbc
st
cmax

= M30
= Fe 415
= 10 N/mm2
= 200 N/mm2
= 1.9 N/mm2

(IRC-21-2000 / Table 9)
(IRC-21-2000 / Table 10)

(a) For BM at Intermediate Support


K
= 93.33/(200+93.33) = 0.32
J
= 1- 0.32/3 = 0.89
R
= 0.5 x 10 x 0.89 x 0.32 = 1.42
Max BM
Depth reqd
Depth Provided

d
D

= 28.39 kNm
= (28.39x106/(1.42x1000)) = 141.29 mm
= 175 5 25 = 145 mm (Hence SAFE)

Max BM
Depth reqd
Depth Provided

d
D

= 15.99 kNm
= 106.04 mm
= 145 mm (Hence SAFE)

Check for Shear


Max Shear at Mid Support

= 69.12 kN

= 69.12/145 = 0.477 N/mm2 <1.9 (Hence Safe)

(b) For BM at Midspan

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60.0M SPAN ARCH BRIDGE AT STAKNA, LEH

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CLIENT : PWD CIRCLE , LEH. GOVT OF J&K


DESIGN OF DIFFERENT MEMBERS
Refer Annex -1 for the same.
The structure has been checked for the following load combination (Refer : IRC 24-2010)
Case 1.

(G + Q) or (Gs + Qim + Fb)

Increase of Stress = Nil

Case 2.

Case 1 + Fte

Increase of Stress = 15%

Case 3.

Case 2 + W

Increase of Stress = 25%

Case 4.

Case 2 + Feq

Increase of Stress = 40%

Where

G = Dead Load
Q = Live Load
Gs = Snow Load
Qim = Impact Facor
W = Wind Load
Fb = Braking Force
Fte = Temperature Effect
Feq = Seismic Force

from the STADD Output file, maximum force on each type of memeber has been calculated and combined. This has
been tabled in Annex-2
Design of Steel Sections
For I.S. 2062 Grade E250, Rolled Section
Basic Permissible stress in Axial Tension = at = 0.6 fy = 150.0 N/mm2
Basic Permissible stress in Axial Compression = ac = 0.6 fy = 150.0 N/mm2
Basic Permissible stress in Bending for flats, tubes = bt = 0.66 fy = 165.0 N/mm2
Basic Permissible stress in Bending for Rolled Sections = bt = 0.62 fy = 155.0 N/mm2
Basic Permissible stress in Shear = vf = 0.38 fy = 95.0 N/mm2

For I.S. 4923 Grade E310, RHS Section:


Basic Permissible stress in Axial Tension = at = 0.6 fy = 186.0 N/mm2
Basic Permissible stress in Axial Compression = ac = 0.6 fy = 186.0 N/mm2
Basic Permissible stress in Bending for flats, tubes = bt = 0.66 fy = 204.0 N/mm2
Basic Permissible stress in Shear = vf = 0.38 fy = 117.80 N/mm2

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60.0M SPAN ARCH BRIDGE AT STAKNA, LEH

PISA INERNATIONAL PVT. LTD.

CLIENT : PWD CIRCLE , LEH. GOVT OF J&K


DESIGN OF STRINGER
1. DL on Intermediate Stringer
Dead Load of Slab = 0.175 x 2 x 2.5 tn/m
Wearing Course = 0.065 x 2 x 2.2 tn/m
SW of UB 305 (Stringer)

= 0.875
= 0.286
= 0.054
= 1.215

tn/m
tn/m
tn/m
tn/m

For Dead Load only


Max BM = 1.215 x 52/8 = 3.796 Tnm
Max SF = 1.215 x 5/2 = 3.0375 Tn
For Live Load
a. Max Reaction of the Stringer

= 5.7 + [ 5.7 x (2-1.8)/2]

= 6.27 Tn

5.7Tn

5.7Tn
1.8m

2.0m

2.0m

Cross Section view


Applying Impact Factor of 15.4%
Max Reaction with Impact = 6.58 Tn
Total Reaction = 6.58 x (1+0.2/2) = 7.235
Reaction Factor = 7.235/5.7 = 1.27
b. Position of Vehicle for Max BM on stringers
7.235

7.235
0.3

0.3

2.2
A

Reaction at A :
RA

RB

0.6

1.2
CL

1.6
B

= [(2.8 x 7.235) + (1.6 x 7.235)] / 5


= 6.3668 Tn
= 8.1032 Tn

Live Load Bending Moment = 6.3668 x 2.2 = 14.007 tn


c. Position of Vehicle for Max SF in Stringer

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CLIENT : PWD CIRCLE , LEH. GOVT OF J&K

(1.35 x 1.27)
0.475

7.235
3.2

7.235
1.2
0.125

5.0m
A

CL

The maximum wheel Load of the vehicle is placed at distance 0.125m (width of the flance of the Cross beam
from CL of the Cross Beam.
The Max Reaction on the Stringer at Point A,
= [(1.7145 x 4.525) + (7.235 x 1.325) + (7.235 x 0.125)] / 5
= 18.248/5 = 3.649 Tn
Reaction at B
= 1.7145 + (2 x 7.235) 3.649 = 12.5355Tn
Live Load S.F = 12.5355 Tn
Total BM = 3.796 + 14.007 = 17.803 Tnm
Total SF = 3.0375 + 12.5355 = 15.573 Tnm

Properties of Composite Section


Clause 305.15 of IRC 21:2000
UB 305x165x54
Thikness of web for beams
Distance b/w C/C of Cross beams
Effective width for Compression Flange

bw =
lo =
b eff
=
=

0.79 cm
500 cm
bw+lo/10
50.79 cm

Modulus of Elastricity of Concrete


Modulus of Elastricity of Steel (Fe 415)

Ec =
Es =

30.5 Table 9 Page 18 of IRC:21:2000


200 Table 3 Page 8 of IRC:21:2000

Modular ratio

m=

6.56

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CLIENT : PWD CIRCLE , LEH. GOVT OF J&K

Sl
No

Element

Modular
ratio (m)

Width

Thk

cm

cm

50.79

17.5

1 Slab
2 UB 305x165x54

6.56

30.5
Total

Sl
No

2 UB 305x165x54

cm2

cm

Ay

C.G of
section
from top
of slab

C.G of
section
from top
of Girder

C.G of
section
from
bottom
of Girder

cm3

cm

cm

cm

15.328

2.172

32.672

135.55

8.75

1186.026

68.77

32.75

2252.218

204.316

3438.243

Ixx

Distance of CG
of element from
NA (Y)

AY2

Ixx + AY2

Zxx from
top of slab

Zxx from
top of
Girder

Zxx from
bottom of
girder

cm4

cm4

cm3

cm4

cm3

cm3

cm3

3459.24

6.578

5865.226

9324.468

11700.00

17.422

Element

1 Slab

Area (A)

Dist of CG
of element
from Top
Slab (y)

17923.925 19290.677

Total

41897.759

Total BM

17.803 Tn.m

Total SF

15.573 Tn

Stress at top of
Slab

99.325

102 kg/cm2

SAFE

Stress at top of Girder

92.288

1580 kg/cm2

SAFE

1388.280

1580 kg/cm2

SAFE

226.450

969 kg/cm2

SAFE

Stress at Bottom of Girder


Shear Stress

1282.378

20873.291 32573.291

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