Parts of Speech Table

The parts of speech explain how a word is used in a sentence. Understanding the different
parts of speech is important in understanding how words can and should be joined together
to make sentences that are both grammatically correct and readable.

part of
speech

function or "job"

example words

Verb

action or state

(to) be, have, do, like, work, EnglishClub is a web site. I likeEnglishClub.
sing, can, must

Noun

thing or person

pen, dog, work, music, town, This is my dog. He lives in my house. We live
London, teacher, John
in London.

Adjective

describes a noun

good, big, red, well,
interesting

My dogs are big. I like big dogs.

Determiner

limits or "determines" a noun

a/an, the, 2, some, many

I have two dogs and some rabbits.

Adverb

describes a verb, adjective or
adverb

quickly, silently, well, badly, My dog eats quickly. When he is veryhungry, he
very, really
eats really quickly.

Pronoun

replaces a noun

I, you, he, she, some

Tara is Indian. She is beautiful.

Preposition

links a noun to another word

to, at, after, on, but

We went to school on Monday.

Conjunction joins clauses or sentences or
words

and, but, when

I like dogs and I like cats. I like cats anddogs. I
like dogs but I don't like cats.

Interjection short exclamation, sometimes
inserted into a sentence

oh!, ouch!, hi!, well

Ouch! That hurts! Hi! How are you?Well, I don't
know.

example sentences

Here are some sentences made with different English parts of speech:

verb

noun

verb

Stop!

John

works.

she and my young John walk to school slowly. noun adverb Well. det. She likes big snakes but I hate them. verb adj. pronoun verb preposition determiner noun adverb She ran to the station quickly. adj. noun conjunction pron. verb pron. Tara speaks good English. conj. Animals like kind people. pron. Here is a sentence that contains every part of speech: interjection pron. noun verb noun adverb noun verb adjective noun Tara speaks English well.pronoun verb noun noun verb adjective noun She loves animals. Definition Part of speech is a term intraditional grammar for one of the eight* main categories into which words are classified according to their functions insentences: Grammar in Rhyme: The Nine Parts of Speech Three little words you often see . noun verb prep.

or well. laugh. hoop or swing. ill. Conjunctions join the words together-As men and women. your arm. The interjection shows surprise. wind or weather. by Burton Stevenson. How things are done the adverbs tell. an. quickly. as in or through a door. As slowly.Are articles a. count. my hand. Adjectives tell the kind of noun. (The Home Book Of Verse. speaking teach. small. the pronouns stand. his face. sing. or brown. As school or garden. 1915) . white. jump. As great. Which reading. Verbs tell of something being done-To read. and the. The preposition stands before A noun. ed. writing. Instead of nouns. As Oh! how pretty! Ah! How wise! The whole are called nine parts of speech. Henry Holt. A noun is the name of anything. Her head. pretty. or run.