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SYSTEMS

ES 11 Statics of Rigid Bodies

Lecture 5

COUPLES

A pair of forces of:

Equal magnitudes

Opposite directions

Parallel LOAs

rotation of an object even

though the vector sum of the

forces is zero.

COUPLES

Why are these forces non-couples?

A couple can only

cause rotation of an

object.

The resultant force of

a couple is zero.

Its resultant moment

is not zero.

MOMENT OF A COUPLE

MOMENT OF A COUPLE

MOMENT OF A COUPLE

MOMENT OF A COUPLE

MOMENT OF A COUPLE

EXAMPLE:

The force F is 10i

4j (N). Determine

the moment of the

couple.

MOMENT OF A COUPLE

SOLUTION:

TRANSFORMATION OF A COUPLE

Transfer to parallel plane

Change direction of forces but still on the same plane

Change magnitude of F with corresponding change in

d maintain M = Fd

TRANSFORMATION OF A COUPLE

If you can't turn the nut of

a wheel, what do you do

to turn it?

You can call a stronger

person to turn it, thereby

increasing F, or

You can place your

hands farther apart on the

wrench, thereby

increasing d.

COUPLE VECTORS

Couple vectors obey the

law of vector addition.

The couple vector M may

be

resolved

into

component vectors Mx My

, and Mz directed along the

axes of coordinates and

representing

couples

acting, respectively in the

yz, xz, and xy planes.

EXAMPLE:

Replace the three

couples shown

with a single

equivalent couple

M, specifying its

magnitude and

direction.

SOLUTION:

SOLUTION:

PRINCIPLE OF SUPERPOSITION

Forces can be added/subtracted to a given force

system without changing the external effect of the

forces so long as the resultant of the forces added or

subtracted equals zero

FORCE-COUPLE SYSTEM

MO

F

O

O

A

arbitrary point O, provided that a couple is added, of

moment equal to the moment of F about O (Mo = r x F).

TRANSFERRING A FORCE-COUPLE

SYSTEM TO ANOTHER POINT

Mo

O

B

Mo

FB

F

O

FB

A

F

A

MB

system, a couple is added (r from point of transfer to

original location crossed with F) to the given couple.

TRANSFERRING A FORCE-COUPLE

SYSTEM TO ANOTHER POINT

EXAMPLE:

Replace the given force with a force-couple system

a. At point B

b. At the origin

TRANSFERRING A FORCE-COUPLE

SYSTEM TO ANOTHER POINT

TO A FORCE-COUPLE SYSTEM

TO A FORCE-COUPLE SYSTEM

EXAMPLE:

Replace the forces and couple with a force-couple system at

point P.

TO A FORCE-COUPLE SYSTEM

equivalent if they may be reduced

to the same force-couple system

at a given point O.

they have the same external

effect on the body (same

translation along any direction,

same rotation about any axis)

EXAMPLE: Are the two systems equivalent?

EXAMPLE: Are the two systems equivalent?

ADDITIONAL EXAMPLE

What should be the

components of Fc and the

values of x, y, and z so that

the two given systems are

equivalent?

SINGLE FORCE

It is possible to reduce a force-couple system into a single

force if R and MOR are perpendicular.

SINGLE FORCE

EXAMPLE:

a. Replace the force system with a force-couple system at

O.

b. If the force system were to be replace with a single force,

where is its point of application along the bar?

SINGLE FORCE

EXAMPLE:

Replace the given forces with a single force. Where will

this force line of action intersect the x-y plane?

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