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ANOVA test for MSN

ANOVA test for MSN

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methods for re-motivating patients. Patient in each group were randomly assigned to the four

methods. At the end of experimental period, the patient were evaluated by a team composed of

psychiatric, psychologist, a Nurse and a social worker, none of whom were aware of method to

which patients has been assigned. The team assigned each patient a composite score as a measure

of his level of motivation. The result were as follows.

Assumptions of ANOVA

Checking Assumption #1

Level of measurement:

1. Our dependent variable Score is quantitative or continuous

2. Our independent variables (factor) have more than two level which can be

either continuous or categorical.

Checking Assumption #2

Independence of observation:

Scatter Plot:

Data points are scattered throughout the plot, it means that observation of 16 patients with

composite score as measure of his level of motivation Y are independent.

Checking Assumption #3 Apply Shapiro Wilk test on all continuous variables.

Normality: Response variable should be normally distributed

H0: Data is normally distributed

Tests of Normality

Method

Kolmogorov-Smirnova

Groups Statistic

Composite Score as measure

of his level of motivation

Shapiro-Wilk

df

Sig.

Statistic

df

Sig.

.198

.973

.857

.252

.903

.444

.198

.958

.764

.273

.947

.699

Result:

The p-value is greater than > 0.05, this insignificant result by Shapiro Wilk test shows that

dependent variable Y is normally distributed.

Checking Assumption # 4 Apply levene Test

Homogeneity: variances of population group should be equal

H0: Population variances are equal

H1: Population variances are not equal

Test of Homogeneity of Variances

Composite Score as measure of his level of motivation

Levene Statistic

df1

df2

Sig.

.467

12

.710

Here p-value is greater than 0.05, this insignificant result by Levenes test indicates that

population variances are equal.

1. Statement of hypothesis

H0: All means are equal.

H1: At least one mean is different.

2. Level of significance :

: 0.05

4. Critical region: Reject H0: if p-value is = 0.05

5. Computation: by SPSS ver 16.

ANOVA

Composite Score as measure of his level of motivation

Sum of Squares

df

Mean Square

Sig.

Between Groups

623.688

207.896

5.162

.016

Within Groups

483.250

12

40.271

Total

1106.938

15

6. Conclusion:

Since p-value is less than (0.05), therefore we reject the H0: and conclude that at

least one group mean is different.

Here we can only find out the at least one mean is different but we dont know which group is

different. But luckily we can find out the difference with multiple comparison (Post Hoc) test.

Checking Assumption # 5 Apply Shapiro Wilk test on residuals

Residuals should be normally distributed.

H0: Residuals are normally distributed

H1: Residuals are not normally distributed

Tests of Normality

Kolmogorov-Smirnova

Shapiro-Wilk

Statistic

df

Sig.

Statistic

df

Sig.

.231

16

.022

.938

16

.330

Result:

The p-value is greater than

Post Hoc

Which Post Hoc test to be used:

1. Assumption of homogeneity is true, then

For equal sample size

Tukey Honesty significant difference ( HSD) test.

For Unequal sample size

Fishers least significant difference (LSD) test

2. If assumption of homogeneity is not true, then

Games-Howell

Multiple Comparisons

Composite Score as measure of his level of motivation

Tukey HSD

(I)

(J)

Groups Groups

A

(I-J)

Std. Error

Sig.

Lower Bound

Upper Bound

-10.000

4.487

.171

-23.32

3.32

-1.500

4.487

.986

-14.82

11.82

-15.250*

4.487

.024

-28.57

-1.93

10.000

4.487

.171

-3.32

23.32

8.500

4.487

.281

-4.82

21.82

-5.250

4.487

.656

-18.57

8.07

1.500

4.487

.986

-11.82

14.82

-8.500

4.487

.281

-21.82

4.82

-13.750*

4.487

.042

-27.07

-.43

15.250*

4.487

.024

1.93

28.57

5.250

4.487

.656

-8.07

18.57

13.750*

4.487

.042

.43

27.07

H1: Two population group means are different.

Comparison

P-Value

Decision

Population A with B

Population A with C

Population A with D

Population B with C

Population B with D

Population C with D

0.171

Accept H0 :

Accept H0 :

Reject H0 :

Accept H0 :

Accept H0 :

Reject H0 :

Conclusion:

0.986

0.024

0.281

0.656

0.042

The above table is showing multiple comparison test result by Tukeys test. Here we can observe

that mean composite score as measure of his level of motivation are different in between Group

A & D and Group C & D.

There is no significant different in mean composite score of his motivational level in between

Group A & B, Group A & C , Group B & C and B & D.

Q2. The following data provides the measure mean upper central incisor width (mm) in

individuals

From our four different ethnic Groups.

Assumptions of ANOVA

Checking Assumption #1

Level of measurement:

3. Our dependent variable mean upper central incisor width (mm) is

quantitative or continuous variable

4. Our independent variables (factor) have more than two level which can be

either continuous or categorical.

Checking Assumption #2

Independence of observation:

Scatter Plot:

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