Rebar Grades [Top


Our products are made in accordance with Philippine National Standards for Steel Bars for
Concrete Reinforcement, under PNS-49:2002.

Specifications and Grading [Top]

The three grades under this specification – namely, Grades PNS 230, 275, and 415 –trace
their roots to ASTM specifications. And the terms ‘Structural’, ‘Intermediate’, and ‘High-
tensile’ originated from earlier versions of ASTM-A615 but remained unchanged in deference
to custom and familiarity among users. The table below provides a handy reference as to
the common understanding in the market regarding these grades.

ASTM vs PNS Codes Popular Nomenclature Typical Application
Grade 33 / PNS 230 Structural Grade Low-rise Buildings and Low Loading Conditions

Grade 40 / PNS 275 Intermediate Grade Medium-rise Structures / Infrastructure Work

Grade 60 / PNS 415 High-Tensile Grade Medium & High-rise Structures / Infrastructure

The three grades are distinguished by the different color markings painted at the ends of
each bar, as shown in the following table:

Weldability of a Rebar [Top]

It must be noted that, in the current PNS 49, rebars are further categorized into ‘weldable’
and ‘non-weldable’ grades. The difference between the two categories is primarily rooted in
their different chemical compositions and carbon equivalents (CEQ). Despite the different
nomenclatures and their connotations, both ‘Weldable’ and ‘Non-weldable’ grades can
actually be welded. However, the relatively lower carbon content and CEQ of the so-called
‘weldable’ grade does make it easier to weld without having to worry about pre-heating and

20mm. 28mm. The Proper Way of Measuring a Rebar [Top] A rebar however is not measured in the same way as a plain round bar. The Proper Way of Measuring a Plain Round Bar [Top] For a plain round bar. A plain round bar is considered to be dimensionally acceptable if its requirements and procedures. and 36mm. falls within the dimensional tolerances allowed by the Standard. a rebar must comply with the allowable ‘Variation in Mass’ (VIM) in lieu of measurement of its diameter. This ‘size’ also refers to the diameter of a circular plain round bar having a certain unit mass or weight per meter. as measured. that is a concern highlighted especially in temperate situations. 16mm. Weight Tolerance [Top] . For a rebar. For special orders. The Nominal Size of a Rebar [Top] For both the plain round bar and the rebar. A plain round bar and a rebar of the same ‘size’ will have the same unit mass or weight per meter of bar. Rebar Sizes [Top] The standard sizes that the Company manufactures and sells are as follows: 10mm. its ‘size’ specifically refers to the size of a plain round bar having the same weight per meter as the rebar. the word ‘size’ and nominal diameter are used interchangeably. 12mm. Checking for this VIM involves taking and weighing one meter of rebar and comparing the findings against the standard value. alternatively known as a ‘deformed steel bar’. A specific ‘size’ of plain round bar refers to its nominal diameter. determining its 'size' involves simply taking a direct physical measurement of its diameter since its circular cross section should remain quite uniform throughout its length. 32mm. Because of its non- uniform cross section. it can also make 40mm and 50mm bars. 25mm.

a corresponding variation in linear weight is to be expected.0.440 12.935 10.0 meters. PNS-49 provides for an allowable ‘variation in mass’ (VIM) of ±6%.940 Our rebar comes in these commercial lengths: 6.5 7. and 12. Specimen in 200mm. % min. and the minimum lengths of the finished rebar are shown below. diameter of specimen) D<25mm 18 3d 230 230 390 180 Hot-Rolled D≥25mm 16 4d Non- D<25mm 10 4d Weldable 275 275 480 180 D≥25mm 8 5d Deformed Steel Bar D<25mm 8 5d 415 415 620 180 D≥25mm 7 6d D<25mm 20 3d 230 230 390 180 D≥25mm 18 4d Hot-Rolled Weldable D<25mm 16 4d 275 275 480 180 Deformed D≥25mm 14 5d Bar D<25mm 14 5d 415 415* 550** 180 D≥25mm 12 6d . Special lengths of 13. For this reason.0 8.453 9. The standard however limits this shrinkage.Because variation in cross sectional area occurs during hot rolling. 7.0 11.0 5. MPa min.5. 10. Mechanical Property Specifications [Top] MECHANICAL PROPERTIES Diameter of Yield Tensile Elongation Pin (d = Bending Class Grade Strength.5. Length Tolerance [Top] The cut length of a rebar varies as well because of shrinkage as it cools down. 9. measured using one meter of rebar.0. Strength. Std.5 and 15. Acceptable Length (m) 6.960 7. Length (m) Min. nominal Angle MPa min.0 meters are subject to special orders and negotiations.5 10.

620 5.2 1.796 18.817 66.236 28 4.4 16 11.880 .468 11.5 Table of Standard Weights [Top] STANDARD WEIGHT OF DEFORMED ROUND STEEL BARS Bar Diameter Unit Weight Bar Commercial Length ∅mm Kg/m 6.898 34.878 47. Summation of Gaps Diameter of Lugs (mm) Minimum Maximum 10 7.495 22.910 83.992 9.616 3.202 16.895 95.990 47.677 40.4 0.925 71.5 1.893 29.506 50.660 7.2 25.466 14.6 3.2 2.6 27.2 0.0 m 7.592 25 3.835 14.888 5. * Maximum yield strength of Weldable steel bars shall not exceed 540 MPa ** Tensile strength shall not be less than 1.287 75.0 32 22.696 4.8 3.25 times the actual yield strength Surface Deformations Specifications [Top] DEFORMATION REQUIREMENTS Height Tolerance of Nominal Max.4 12.468 7.4 2.004 36.457 46.118 28.0 1.324 10.1 36 25.4 1.194 25.578 9.7 25 17.008 32 6.4 0. Average Spacing Lugs Max.569 18.6 20 14.757 58.936 20 2.8 7.255 43.8 22.313 37.348 56.392 12 0.5 1.853 23.0 m 10.4 19.0 15.940 59.5 m 12.0 9.6 28 19.0 m 10 0.328 6.656 16 1.0 2.8 12 8.544 6.6 1.756 36 7.5 m 9.7 1.0 0.834 29.