Chapter 1- Introduction

Concrete is a mixture of Portland cement or other hydraulic cement, fine aggregate,
coarse aggregate, and water, with or without additional material that forms a solid time. Then
with the development of technology, concrete can now innovate, such as concrete masonry,
namely concrete is obtained by replacing the rough aggregates comes from material that has a
light weight. Concrete masonry has bright prospects as material structures in the future
considering the quality that can be achieved with normal weight concrete quality types of light
(Owens 1999). Lightweight concrete structures have the ability when you have a strong
minimum press 17.5 Mpa and weight less than 1850 kg/m³ (Neville, 1993).
We as students who are ready to involve to the world of construction are motivated to
make an innovation with use light-weight concrete. We create a brick contains foam is called
Cellular Lightweight Concrete (CLC) brick with interlocking system of shear resistant. The brick
form like bricks in general, but it has two holes and two pins on the width section. Pin and hole
are interlocked to each other, so those can withstand shear forces. Purposes of this research are to
find out the shear strength, compressive strength, and tensile strength from CLC brick, and to get
the right composition and design in creation of CLC brick.

Chapter 2 – Literature Review

Lightweight concrete is concrete that has density is lighter than concrete in general.
Unlike ordinary concrete, lightweight concrete is created to reduce the structural load of a
construction building and will have an impact on the foundation calculations. According to
Tjokrodimuljo (1996), there are several methods that can be used to reduce density of concrete or
making the lighter concrete by making bubbles of gas / air in the mortar so that there are many
pores of air in the concrete or in other words can be called Cellular Lightweight Concrete brick.
This lightweight brick has the composition include: sand, cement, water, and foaming
agent. In the process of lightweight CLC bricks use organic foam produced from the Foam Agent
additive. This foam serves as a medium of air wrapping, resulting in pores and make the brick
lighter. In addition to lighter, the compressive strength of Cellular Lightweight Concrete varies

The materials are sand (pumice is mashed until fine). The Interlocking system of the wall can also minimize the chances of failure of buildings because the collapse of the skeletal system due to material structure of the framework of the building is not good. Chapter 3 – methodology This testing is done at the Department of Civil Engineering Materials Laboratory. The two Interlocking systems this will create the rigid and solid wall.0 MPa depending on its density to the weight generated between 350-1800 kg / m³. The shape of this CLC bricks makes every segment of the walls going to lock so that when applied for the walls not to change and hold a slide that occurred in back and forth. The first steps of the research are preparation. Before you create test objects. water. CLC Brick Pictures The shape of this CLC brick aimed at creating an Interlocking system against the move if the bricks become a single unit. The rigid and solid wall combine with bone structure will result in the building with security burden due to the slide. The next step to make the brick mold CLC and prepare tools and materials. foaming agent. we have to set up a design that matches the condition of strong shear tools like laboratories that affect design and more. and analysis of the materials. cement. testing. but can also help hold a parallel to the wall or lateral. Jakarta State Polytechnic.5 to more than 3.and ranges from 1. and addition of . While Pin and Hole or holes would be to withstand a force perpendicular walls or vertical.

Next add water. Chapter IV – Analysis Table of the Testing of Strong Press Specimens Percentage of foam age Pmax Compressive content (days) (N) strength (N/mm²) 1 2% 28 55100 7.78 Analysis Result: . as well as the compressive strength test. After that put the mixture into mold and wait until dry. and foam in sequence into the mixer. after 28 days the brick can be merged with others and can do the last phases namely testing powerful press. so that the test object needs to be adjusted to fit the loading surface according to the drawing. strong shear. The loading for shear strength is from right and left side of the test object while the loading direction of the test equipment is from the top and down which is suppressing. cement. then select fine sand while coarse sand can mash again until fine. sand. After that. Finally CLC brick can be removed from the mold.26 3 8% 28 48600 6.16 2 5% 28 66300 9. next is making concrete mix design. After all materials is qualified. tensile strong and powerful side to get the numbers that determine the brick is against the terms of SNI. Testing the strong shear and strong brick press on this can be done with the same procedure because of strong shear and strong press differed on the direction of loading only. The test objects will be placed at strong test tool on press to test the strong shear and strong press the test objects. the creation of CLC brick is started from mold cleanup so as not mixing with other materials.super plasticizer. The process of treatment is only placed on dry enough for 28 days.

.67 2. the average of the strong press is 7266. Table of the Testing of a Strong Elastic Result specimens age (days) P Max (N) Flexural tensile strength (N/mm2) 1 28 6800 2.706 Rata .rata 7266.062 N/mm powerful than the other.726 Analysis Result: From the data tables are presented.062 3 8% 28 61800 0.726 N/mm2. Provided that the No. 67 N and the strong attraction is 2.584 2 28 7600 2. From the results of testing strong pressure all the characteristics of CLC Brick show that the briquettes contains 5 % foam and have 9.888 N/mm2. Table of the Testing of Strong Deep Cut Specimens Percentage of foam Age Pmax Compressive content (days) (N) strength (N/mm²) 1 2% 28 57500 0.813 2 5% 28 75000 1. 26 N/mm² powerful strong press against the other.921 Analysis Result: From the results of a strong attraction of the parties to the characteristics of the CLC Brick show that the briquettes contains 5 % foam and have 1. 2 with P Max is 7600 N and the strong attraction is 2.888 3 28 7400 2.

14. sample no. 28 days the better.67 Analysis Result: From the table presented above. 62 Kgf/cm2. then this concrete not yet eligible of lightweight concrete for concrete structure that is above 20 N/mm². In the test results of compressive strength has a value at age 7. At 28 days the compressive strength achieved was 9. 2. Table of the Testing of Strong Slide specimens age (days) P Max (N) Shear tensile strength (Kgf/cm2) 1 28 100 13.726 N / mm2.932 N / mm2 and the average bending strength of 28 days was 2. 2 have the largest strong slide worth 28. The average tensile strength of 28 days was 0. Of the result maximum compressive strength obtained.97 2 28 100 28. Chapter V – Conclusion From the results of testing and care of the research use of lightweight CLC brick Interlocking system it can be drawn conclusion as follows: 1.26 N/mm² with a foam content of 5%.62 3 28 100 9. .

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