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ILUMA
Cone Beam CT Scanner

Installation and
Service Guide
ILUMA™ Cone Beam CT Scanner
Installation and Service Guide
A product of IMTEC, a 3M Company
ORIGINALLY ISSUED IN ENGLISH

Cone Beam Computed Tomography System

IMTEC, a 3M Company

The ILUMA™ Cone Beam CT Scanner complies with applicable radiation performance standards,
including 21 CFR, Chapter I, Subchapter J, Section 1020.33.

The ILUMA Cone Beam CT Scanner complies with the European Directive 93/42/EEC relating to medical
devices.

The ILUMA Cone Beam CT Scanner also complies with applicable safety and performance standards for
radiation emitting devices, including United States FDA standards (21 CFR 1020) and international
standards including IEC/EN 60601-1 (Ed. 2), IEC/EN 60601-1-1: 2000,
IEC/EN 60601-1-2:2007, IEC/EN 60601-1-3:1994, IEC/EN 60601-1-4:2000 (Ed. 1.1),
IEC/EN 60601-2-32:1994, IEC/EN 60601-2-44:2001.

ILUMA, ILUMA Scanner, ILUMA Cone Beam CT Scanner and the ILUMA logo are registered trademarks
of IMTEC, a 3M Company. All other names or products referred to in this document are used only for the
purpose of identification and may be the trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners.

This manual or any parts thereof may not be copied or reproduced in any other form without the
expressed written permission of IMTEC.

This document is the property of IMTEC.

The information provided in this manual is subject to change without notice.

© 2004–2010 by IMTEC, a 3M Company


All rights reserved

CAUTION: U.S. federal law restricts this device to sale by or on the order of
a licensed dentist or physician; sale by or on the order of any other person is prohibited.

Document IIM-009 Rev9

Last revised: 7/20/2010

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Table of Contents

Important Information 1
Safety ____________________________________________________________________ 1
Emergency Stop___________________________________________________________ 4
Safeguards_______________________________________________________________ 4
General Scanner Labels ______________________________________________________ 5
Avoiding Damage to the Scanner _______________________________________________ 8
Cleaning and Disinfecting the Scanner ___________________________________________ 9
Cleaning Agents to Avoid ____________________________________________________ 9
Cleaning and Disinfecting Scanner Components__________________________________ 9
Cleaning the Computer and Peripherals ________________________________________ 9

Packaging and Parts List 10


Scanner__________________________________________________________________ 10
Chair ____________________________________________________________________ 10
Computer and Various Components____________________________________________ 10
Computer Box ___________________________________________________________ 10
Monitor Boxes ___________________________________________________________ 10
Detector Plate Box ________________________________________________________ 10
Isolation Transformer Box __________________________________________________ 10
X-ray Tube Box __________________________________________________________ 10
Miscellaneous Box ________________________________________________________ 11
TeraStation Box (Optional)__________________________________________________ 11

Board and Component Functionality 12


Anode Control Board _______________________________________________________ 12
Anode Power Board ________________________________________________________ 12
Chair Distribution Board _____________________________________________________ 12
Chair Control Box __________________________________________________________ 12
Control Pad _______________________________________________________________ 12
Detector Plate _____________________________________________________________ 12
EAC (AMP) _______________________________________________________________ 12
E-Stop Box _______________________________________________________________ 12
Encoder__________________________________________________________________ 12
Filament Drive Board _______________________________________________________ 12
Galil 1415 ________________________________________________________________ 12
ILUMA System Board _______________________________________________________ 13
Inverter __________________________________________________________________ 13
Linak Box ________________________________________________________________ 13
Monoblock________________________________________________________________ 13

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ii ILUMA Cone Beam CT Scanner Installation and Service Guide

Operator Console __________________________________________________________ 13


Pendant _________________________________________________________________ 13
Power Distribution Board ____________________________________________________ 13
Secondary Transformer _____________________________________________________ 14
Shutter __________________________________________________________________ 14
Switch Panel ______________________________________________________________ 14
X-ray Control Board ________________________________________________________ 14
X-ray Tube _______________________________________________________________ 14

Schematics and Diagrams 15

Electrical Specifications 21

Pre-Installation Requirements 22
X-ray Facility Requirements __________________________________________________ 22
Recommended Room Size ___________________________________________________ 22
Floor and Space Requirements ______________________________________________ 22
Electrical Requirements _____________________________________________________ 22
Scanner ________________________________________________________________ 23
Control Workstation _______________________________________________________ 23
Connectivity Requirements___________________________________________________ 23
Electromagnetic Interference _________________________________________________ 23

Installation 24
Tools ____________________________________________________________________ 24
Step 1: Unpack the System __________________________________________________ 25
Step 2: Secure the Feet and Lift Up the Scanner __________________________________ 26
Step 3: Attach the Encoder___________________________________________________ 27
Step 4: Remove the Remaining Packaging Material _______________________________ 28
Step 5: Install the X-ray Tube _________________________________________________ 28
Step 6: Install the Shutter ____________________________________________________ 31
Step 7: Install the Switch Panel Components_____________________________________ 32
Step 8: Attach the Chair _____________________________________________________ 36
Connecting the Cables_____________________________________________________ 36
Testing the Chair _________________________________________________________ 39
Attaching the Chair _______________________________________________________ 39
Step 9: Level and Stabilize the Scanner_________________________________________ 40
Step 10: Connect the External Cables __________________________________________ 41
Step 11: Install the Detector Plate _____________________________________________ 44
Step 12: Set Up the Computer ________________________________________________ 47
Connecting the Scanner Cables to the Blackbird (ILUMA Elite) _____________________ 47
Connecting the Scanner Cables to the Dell (ILUMA Classic) _______________________ 49
Step 13: Check Connections _________________________________________________ 50

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ILUMA Cone Beam CT Scanner Installation and Service Guide iii

Testing and Alignment 51


Step 1: Perform the 0/70 Calibration Procedure ___________________________________ 51
Step 2: Reprogram the C-Arm Home Position ____________________________________ 51
Step 3: Condition the X-ray Tube ______________________________________________ 51
Step 4: Calibrate the Detector Plate ____________________________________________ 51
Step 5: Perform Work Instruction IIW-820.170.13 _________________________________ 51

Installation: Final Steps 52

Basic Troubleshooting 56

Common Procedures 61
0/70 Calibration Procedure ___________________________________________________ 61
Anode Rotation Calibration ___________________________________________________ 63
Filament Calibration ________________________________________________________ 63
Reprogram the C-Arm Home Position __________________________________________ 64
Reregister the Galil Controller_________________________________________________ 64
Changing the X-ray Tube ____________________________________________________ 65
Changing the Inverter and Board ______________________________________________ 66
Replacing Other Parts_______________________________________________________ 66

Notes 67

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ILUMA Cone Beam CT Scanner Installation and Service Guide 1

Important Information
Please read, understand and follow all safety information contained in these instructions prior to
and during the installation of this scanner.

This guide contains instructions for the installation and servicing of the ILUMA Cone Beam CT Scanner.

As a manufacturer of radiology units that conform to the most stringent radiological protection standards
in the world, IMTEC has the know-how to guarantee the maximum degree of protection against radiation
hazards.

Nevertheless, X-rays are not innocuous and can be dangerous if not used properly. Therefore, the
instructions contained in this manual must be carefully followed and the warnings herein must be heeded.

Furthermore, the room in which the radiology unit is to be installed must comply with all official regulations
applicable to protection against radiation.

In addition, do not use temporary replacement components when installing or servicing the scanner. The
use of temporary replacement components necessitates additional labeling and tracking.

To install or service the unit, follow the instructions contained in this manual.

Safety
The words "Warning", "Caution" and "Notice" are used throughout this document to alert you to potentially
hazardous situations.

WARNING Indicates a potentially hazardous situation, which, if not avoided, could result in
death or serious injury.

CAUTION Indicates a potentially hazardous situation, which, if not avoided, may result in
minor or moderate injury.

NOTICE Indicates a potentially hazardous situation, which, if not avoided, may result in
property damage.

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2 ILUMA Cone Beam CT Scanner Installation and Service Guide

These labels appear on the scanner. They contain safety information.

WARNING
Risk of Shock

WARNING
X-ray Hazard

CAUTION
Refer to Manual

WARNING
Label indicating X-ray hazard, located on vertical
part of pedestal

CAUTION
Avoid looking directly at the laser light

WARNING
Moving Parts, located on the side of the scanner

CAUTION
Label indicating scanner duty cycle, located on the
side of the scanner

CAUTION
Label indicating chair duty cycle, located on the
back of the chair

Type B (applied part)

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ILUMA Cone Beam CT Scanner Installation and Service Guide 3

PROTECTIVE GROUND
(Earth) Terminal

This product is subject to the WEEE European


Directive 2002/96/EC

WARNING
To reduce the risks associated with hazardous voltage:
• disconnect the power cord when the scanner is not in use and while cleaning. (For
cleaning instructions, see page 9.)
To reduce the risks associated with fire:
• do not use flammable disinfectants or flammable cleaning solutions to clean the
scanner.
• do not use the scanner, computer and peripherals in the presence of a flammable
anesthetic mixture with air, oxygen or nitrous oxide.
To reduce the risks associated with impact or crush injury:
• install in accordance with all applicable regulations in seismically active locales.
To reduce the risks associated with strong electromagnetic fields:
• replace damaged cables using only 3M replacement parts.
• install the scanner in a room that complies with applicable X-ray installation standards.
To reduce the risks associated with radiation:
• read, understand and follow radiation protection guidelines as defined by local
regulations and install accordingly.
• always consider that X-rays are emitted during X-ray tube conditioning, scout image
acquisition, detector plate calibration, filament calibration and quality assurance
testing.
• installation standards may require that visual or audio communication be maintained
with the patient, together with access to the control interface during exposure.
• install the computer workstation in an appropriate location. Some localities require the
workstation to be in a protected area.
• ensure the scanner room door cannot interfere with the movement of the scanner's
swing arm.

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CAUTION
To reduce the risks associated with impact:
• position the power cord, control pendant and operator control cables so that they
cannot be tripped over.
To reduce the risks associated with lifting:
• use two people to unpack the chair and scanner and maneuver them into place.
To reduce the risks associated with lasers:
• avoid looking directly at the laser light.
• do not view the laser light directly with optical instruments.
• install according to guidelines of IEC 60825 (Safety of Laser Products).
To reduce the risks associated with environmental contamination:
• follow applicable regulations when disposing of the X-ray source assembly, all
electronic circuits and related replacement parts.

Emergency Stop
The Emergency Stop (or E-Stop) switches disconnect operational power from the scanner, allowing instant
disruption of the scan and quickly stopping the movement of the C-arm and the production of X-rays. An E-
Stop switch is located on both the operator console (see page 13) and the switch panel (see page 14).

Press an E-Stop switch to activate it.

Note: To restart a scanner after performing an emergency stop, turn the rotary switch on the switch panel to
the Off position, then turn the rotary switch past the On position to the Reset position and then release it.

Safeguards
C-Arm Collision Mitigation
By design, the C-arm rotates about the patient and therefore has the potential to contact the patient, the
operator or objects in the room. Reasonable care must be taken by the operator to prevent this from
happening. The scanner is designed to use minimum possible rotation force and will automatically shut
down if its motion is impeded.

C-Arm Drive System


Here are specifications on the motor:
• Motor Type: Stepper
• Amplifier Type: Switching
• Operating Temperature – 0°C (32°F) to 50°C (122°F)
• Power Amplifier Switching Frequency – 20 kHz
• Limiting Power – 69.6 watts
• Limiting Torque – 51.33 ft-lbs

Note: The C-arm also is called the "swing arm".

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ILUMA Cone Beam CT Scanner Installation and Service Guide 5

General Scanner Labels


Label Name Location and Description Part
Number
Serial Plate Located near the main power IIL-0013
Label toggle switch. This label
supplies important information
about the ILUMA.

Component Located on the lower back side IIL-0023


Identification of the pedestal. This label
Label supplies required information
about the detector plate,
primary transformer, secondary
transformer, inverter, encoder
and shutter.

Shutter Located on the inside of the IIL-0019


Identification shutter base plate and on the
Label lower back side of the pedestal.
The label supplies required
information about the shutter.

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Grounding Located on the scanner's IIL-0021


Reliability power cord. The label supplies
Label information to achieve
grounding reliability.

Bar Code Located near the main power IIL-0025


Label switch. This label is a bar code
for units installed in Turkey.

Focal Point Located on the X-ray source IIL-0022


Label cover.

Israel Located on the lower back side IIL-0024


Exclusive of the pedestal.
Distributor
Label

Shutter Label Located on the shutter IIL-0007


enclosure if the field limiter is
included. This label supplies
instructions for using the
shutter to limit the scan field.

ILUMA Logo Located prominently at the top IIL-0011


Label of the pedestal.

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ILUMA Cone Beam CT Scanner Installation and Service Guide 7

X-ray Source Located on top of the X-ray IIL-0009


CE Label source enclosure. This label
supplies required information
about the X-ray tube.

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Avoiding Damage to the Scanner


To reduce the risk of damaging the scanner, please read, understand and follow these notices.

NOTICE
• Do not plug anything other than the computer and monitors and optional external
storage device into the isolation transformer.
• Do not use extension cords or multiple portable power socket outlets.
• Make sure no liquids come in contact with the detector plate and monoblock. These
are sensitive electrical instruments.
• The cables supplied with the computer workstation and scanner must be used only
for their respective functions. No other use is allowed.
• Never manually manipulate the C-arm. Manual manipulation of the C-arm can have
detrimental effects on the normal operation of the scanner.
• Do not hang objects from the detector plate or monoblock or use them as hand-holds
or for leverage. Catastrophic damage to the scanner could result from such misuse.
• Do not cover or otherwise block the monoblock vents.
• Test the clearance between the headrest and the detector plate by rotating the C-arm
with the control pendant before performing a scan. If the headrest collides with the
detector plate, damage may occur.
• Be sure the patient stabilizer support arm is fully open or closed. It the support arm is
partially open, it could collide with the monoblock during rotation, possibly damaging
one or both of these components.
• When you are not using the control pendant, it should be secured to the patient
stabilizer support arm. If you fail to do so – for instance, if you place the pendant or its
cable on the monoblock or detector plate – the pendant could fall and break.
• Turn off the scanner if you do not intend to use it for at least three hours. Always turn
off the scanner overnight.
• When installing the detector plate, be careful not to over-tighten the screws. They will
strip with little pressure.

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ILUMA Cone Beam CT Scanner Installation and Service Guide 9

Cleaning and Disinfecting the Scanner

WARNING

To reduce the risks associated with hazardous voltage:


• disconnect power cord when the scanner is not in use and while cleaning.
To reduce the risks associated with fire:
• do not use flammable disinfectants or flammable cleaning solutions to clean the scanner.

Cleaning Agents to Avoid


Avoid these agents:
• Sprays – Do not use sprays! Spray solutions may seep into components and damage electrical
parts, cause structural changes in various thermoplastic components or form flammable mixtures
of air and solution vapor.
• Certain abrasive fluids and organic solvents – Do not use abrasive fluids or organic solvents such
as aldehyde, acetone, gasoline, spot remover or alcohol. These substances may damage the
components of the system and possibly result in the device not functioning properly. (Exceptions:
alcohol may be used to clean only the monitor screen; aldehyde-based disinfectants may be used
to clean the C-arm and hard surfaces.)
• Agents releasing ammonia by dissipation or decomposition – Do not use such agents! Ammonia
can cause corrosive effects.
• Agents containing silicone – Do not use such agents! Silicone can accumulate, causing problems
with electrical contacts.

Notes
• Some cleaning solutions and disinfectants pose health hazards when used in a manner
inconsistent with labeling. Concentrations of such products in the air should not exceed limits
published in local regulations. Adhere to all manufacturers' recommendations on the use of these
products, and ensure that the room is well ventilated.
• Puncture- and chemical-resistant cleaning gloves should be used for all cleaning and disinfecting
procedures.

Cleaning and Disinfecting Scanner Components


Use a surface disinfectant such as isopropyl alcohol on the chair arms, the headrest (which is standard
equipment on older models) and the patient stabilizer (including the bite stabilizer, nasal stabilizer and
chin cup) after each use. Dampen a clean, lint-free cloth with the disinfectant, wipe down the surfaces
and then allow them to dry.

Use a mild cleaning solution on the chair upholstery. Clean this surface as needed.

Use a mild cleaning solution on the detector plate, monoblock cover and C-arm. These and other hard
surfaces should be cleaned as needed.

Cleaning the Computer and Peripherals


To clean the computer and peripherals, follow the manufacturer's instructions. If no instructions are
provided, apply the same guidelines described for the scanner components.

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Use pure alcohol as a cleaning solution. Alternatively, you may use a 2-parts alcohol to 1-part distilled
water mixture or a 1-part alcohol to 2-parts distilled water mixture. Dampen a clean, soft, lint-free cloth
with the cleaning solution, wipe down the screen and then allow it to dry.

Packaging and Parts List


The ILUMA Cone Beam CT Scanner is shipped in one crate. The crate contains:
• A scanner
• A chair
• A computer and various components

Note: You can use a box cutter with all of the boxes in the crate.

Scanner
The scanner is shipped with two dollies – one that is connected to the pedestal and one that is connected
to the chair.

Chair
The chair is shipped with a control pad (or "pendant"). The bolts that secure the chair to the scanner are
usually screwed in and taped in place.

Computer and Various Components


The computer, X-ray tube and other components are all shipped in boxes.

Computer Box
The computer box contains the system unit.

Monitor Boxes
The two monitors are packaged separately. Each monitor includes a DVI cable and a power cable.

Detector Plate Box


The detector plate is packaged in its own box.

Isolation Transformer Box


The isolation transformer is packaged in its own box, along with the isolation transformer power cord.

X-ray Tube Box


The X-ray tube is packaged in its own box. Included in the box are four (4) nuts and lock washers.

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ILUMA Cone Beam CT Scanner Installation and Service Guide 11

Miscellaneous Box
This box contains these components:
• Encoder
• X-ray tube cover (includes 13 M4 × 3/8" black self-tapping screws and a cover plate)
• E-Stop box with connected cable
• E-Stop switch
• 3-Position switch
• Patient stabilizer (including chin rest assembly [slider bar, cup, screw], bite stabilizer and nasal
stabilizer)
• Serial cable (50')
• Ethernet cable (50')
• Detector plate top cover
• Calibration tool
• Shutter
• Power cord
• Isolation transformer cords (four)
• Installation and calibration paperwork (includes ILUMA stickers)

TeraStation Box (Optional)


The Buffalo TeraStation is packaged in its own box.

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12 ILUMA Cone Beam CT Scanner Installation and Service Guide

Board and Component Functionality


Anode Control Board
The logical part of the starter system for anode rotation. This board works with the anode power board to
bring the anode of the X-ray tube to the maximum rotation of about 3000 revolutions per minute.

Anode Power Board


The power part of the starter system for anode rotation.

Chair Distribution Board


Passes signals from the pendant to the ILUMA system board. This board controls chair movement and
receives signals from the chair limit switches. It is mounted in the base of the chair.

Chair Control Box


See Linak Box.

Control Pad
See Pendant.

Detector Plate
A precision electronic device that collects data during the scan.

EAC (AMP)
Provides power to the C-arm drive motor.

E-Stop Box
A desktop interface with the scanner. This box has an emergency stop switch and lights indicating Power,
Ready, X-ray On and Fault. Also called the "operator console".

Encoder
Updates the system on the location of the arm.

Filament Drive Board


Supplies and regulates the current that passes to the filament of the X-ray tube.

Note: Regulation is made on the basis of the current in the X-ray tube and not on the current that actually
passes into the filament.

Galil 1415
Single-axis motion controller that, when programmed, sends control signals to move the C-arm. The Galil
1415 also is called the "Galil box" or simply "Galil".

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ILUMA Cone Beam CT Scanner Installation and Service Guide 13

ILUMA System Board


Main control board that provides the interface between user controls and the C-arm drive motor. This
board monitors all E-Stop and user inputs.

Inverter
The X-ray tube piloting and control device. The inverter is basically a power supply for the X-ray tube. The
LED indicators have these meanings:
• Ld1 – Signals the presence of +15VDC.
• Ld2 – Fault activated by unbalance of KV+ and KV- feedback signals, when they are too high.
• Ld3 – Signals intervention of the max KV safety device.
• Ld4 – Signals that the safety device intervened due to the return signal of the KV not bent
received within 4ms of giving the X-ray command.
• Ld5 – A STOP signal has been activated by an overcurrent condition in the primary high voltage
circuit.
• Ld8 – Signals the presence of the X-ray preparation command.

Linak Box
Supplies power to move the chair up, down, forward and backward. This box is located under the chair. It
receives a 120VAC input, and it outputs 24VDC. Also called the "chair control box".

Monoblock
See X-ray Tube.

Operator Console
See E-Stop Box.

Pendant
A hand-held device that controls the chair, lasers and C-arm. The buttons function as follows:
• Chair Up: Raise the height of the chair
• Chair Down: Lower the height of the chair
• Chair Back: Move the chair backward
• Chair Front: Move the chair forward
• Align: Turn on the laser alignment system. If you hold the Align button for at least three seconds
and then release it, the lasers will stay on; press the button again to turn them off.
• Home: Return the C-arm to the home position
• CW: Rotate the C-arm clockwise
• CCW: Rotate the C-arm counterclockwise

The pendant is also called the "control pad".

Power Distribution Board


Receives main input power from the transformer and distributes appropriate power to all components of
the ILUMA system. This board houses fuses F1 and F2.

Note: The ILUMA Scanner can run on various input voltages. Location-specific configurations are
established prior to shipping.

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Secondary Transformer
Powers the filament drive board.

Shutter
Allows X-rays to pass from the X-ray tube to the detector.

Switch Panel
Provides an interface with the scanner. Located on the scanner's control side. The switch panel has an
Emergency Stop switch and a 3-position switch featuring Off, On and Reset. The panel also has lights
indicating Power, Ready, X-ray On and Fault.

X-ray Control Board


Monitors and regulates signals to the X-ray tube. Provides signal conditioning and shutter control of the
X-ray. This board uses a CR1216 3V battery.

X-ray Tube
A precision electronic device that emits the X-ray beam during the scan. The X-ray tube is also called the
"monoblock".

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ILUMA Cone Beam CT Scanner Installation and Service Guide 15

Schematics and Diagrams


Note: Figure 5 applies to the ILUMA Elite. The ILUMA Classic wiring harness and block
diagram is quite similar. The main difference is the latter does not have a shutter control board.

The ILUMA Cone Beam CT Scanner

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Figure 1: Top view of scanner. Figure 2: Chair-side view of scanner.

Figure 4: Top view of scanner with


Figure 3: Control-side view of sides labeled. The control side
scanner. contains the switches. The panel side
provides access to the scanner's
circuitry.

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REVISIONS
REV DESCRIPTION DATE APPROVED
A ADDED SHUTTER CONTROL BOARD AND CONNECTING WIRE HARNESS 4/6/2007 A. DAVIS
B ADDED SOFT-START BOARD 8/13/2007 J. KOUNS
C UPDATED DRAWING TO SHOW NEW SHUTTER WIRING (EC #1233) 6/16/2008 J. KOUNS
ILUMA HEAD SCANNER
WIRING HARNESS
SIGNATURE DATE
BLOCK DIAGRAM
Designer AARON APPLEGATE 04JAN06
Drawn AARON APPLEGATE 11JAN06
Checked JOHN KOUNS 04DEC06
Engineer ANTHONY DAVIS 08DEC06
Approved ANTHONY DAVIS 08DEC06
ILUMA Cone Beam CT Scanner Installation and Service Guide 19

Figure 6A: ILUMA Elite System Schematic.

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20 ILUMA Cone Beam CT Scanner Installation and Service Guide

Figure 6B: ILUMA Classic System Schematic.

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ILUMA Cone Beam CT Scanner Installation and Service Guide 21

Electrical Specifications
Anode Power Board 70VAC
1. Set meter to AC volts.
2. Place meter across pins 2 and 3 of TB3.

Filament Drive Board 126–135VAC


1. Set meter to AC volts.
2. Place meter across pins 1 and 3 of CP1.

Inverter Board 0.000VDC (Max 0.010VDC)


1. Set meter to DC volts.
2. Place meter leads at TP11 (GND) and TP5.

Power Distribution Board


1. Set meter to AC volts.
2a. Place meter across pins 2 and 3 (blue/brown). 120VAC
2b. Place meter across pins 2 and 4 (blue/black). 240VAC

Sola 15V Power Supply 15VDC


1. Set meter to DC volts.
2. Place meter across output pins of power supply.

Sola 24V Power Supply 24VDC


1. Set meter to DC volts.
2. Place meter across output pins of power supply.

Laser
Laser Light
Do Not Stare Into Beam
Wavelength 400-690nm: Power Output: <1mW
Class II Laser Product
IEC 60825-1:1993+A1:1997+A2:2001

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22 ILUMA Cone Beam CT Scanner Installation and Service Guide

Pre-Installation Requirements

WARNING

To reduce the risks associated with radiation:


• installation standards require that visual or audio communication must be maintained with the
patient, together with access to the control interface during exposure.
• install the computer workstation in an appropriate location. Some localities require the
workstation to be in a protected area.
• ensure the scanner room door cannot interfere with the movement of the scanner's swing
arm.
To reduce the risks associated with impact or crush injury:
• install in accordance with all applicable regulations in seismically active locales.
To reduce the risks associated with strong electromagnetic fields:
• install the scanner in a room that complies with applicable X-ray installation standards.

X-ray Facility Requirements


Consult local regulations for specific requirements for X-ray facilities. A typical layout provides one area
for the ILUMA Cone Beam CT Scanner and another for the system's computer and operator.

Recommended Room Size


The recommended room size for an ILUMA Cone Beam CT Scanner is 8' × 11' × 8' / 2.4 m × 3.3 m ×
2.4 m.

NOTICE: Do not place any equipment within 6'7" / 2 m of the scanner. Keeping non-system equipment
away from the scanner prevents such equipment from being damaged by the scanner's moving parts.

Floor and Space Requirements


The floor will need to support approximately 3 pounds per square inch (20,684 N/m^2). The system's
footprint is 42'' (106.68 cm) by 54'' (137.16 cm). The weight of the scanner without a patient is 1000 lbs
(454 kg).

Electrical Requirements

WARNING

To reduce the risks associated with fire:


• do not use the scanner, computer or peripherals in the presence of a flammable anesthetic
mixture with air, oxygen or nitrous oxide.

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ILUMA Cone Beam CT Scanner Installation and Service Guide 23

Scanner
This scanner requires a dedicated electrical circuit. USA: 115 VAC, 14 A (20 A recommended), 60 Hz;
Europe: 240 VAC, 8A, 50 Hz.

Control Workstation
The computer workstation is connected to a 115 VAC, 14 A, 60 Hz (USA) / 240 VAC, 8 A, 50 Hz (Europe)
wall outlet through an isolation transformer. The minimum apparent resistance for supply mains is 45 mȍ.

Connectivity Requirements
The computer requires a high-speed Internet connection (e.g., cable, DSL or an Internet-connected LAN).
The optional external storage device requires a network connection.

Electromagnetic Interference
Avoid installing the scanner near strong radio frequency signals or portable and/or mobile radio frequency
devices, as these may affect the operation of the scanner.

Avoid installing the scanner or computer adjacent to or stacked with other equipment. If this cannot be
avoided, verify normal operation in that configuration.

The ILUMA 1313, 2520 and workstation are intended for use in the electromagnetic environment specified
below. The customer or the user of the ILUMA 1313, 2520 and workstation can help prevent
electromagnetic interference by maintaining a minimum distance between portable and mobile RF
communications equipment (transmitters) and the ILUMA 1313, 2520 and workstation as recommended
below, according to the maximum output power of the communications equipment.

Separation Distance According to Frequency of Transmitter (m)


Rated Maximum Output 150 kHz to 80 MHz 80 MHz to 800 MHz 800 MHz to 2.5 GHz
Power of Transmitter (W) d = 1.2¥P d = 1.2¥P d = 2.3¥P
0.01 0.12 0.12 0.23
0.1 0.38 0.38 0.73
1 1.2 1.2 2.3
10 3.8 3.8 7.3
100 12 12 23

For transmitters rated at a maximum output power not listed above, the recommended separation
distance d in meters (m) can be estimated using the equation applicable to the frequency of the
transmitter, where P is the maximum output power rating of the transmitter in watts (W) according to the
transmitter manufacturer.

Notes
• At 80 MHz and 800 MHz, the separation distance for the higher frequency applies.
• These guidelines may not apply in all situations. Electromagnetic propagation is affected by
absorption and reflection from structures, objects and people.

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24 ILUMA Cone Beam CT Scanner Installation and Service Guide

Installation

WARNING

To reduce the risks associated with radiation:


• read, understand and follow radiation protection guidelines as defined by local regulations
and install accordingly.

Tools
Allen Keys Miscellaneous Tools Alignment Tools

0.050" Phillips Screwdriver 2"-Diameter Aluminum


Cylinder

1/16" Flathead Screwdriver, Small Ball Bearing Phantom

5/64" 7/16 Ratchet Wrench Measuring Tape (preferably


metric)

3/32" 1/2 Ratchet Wrench Platform (attaches to slider


bar)

7/64" Crescent Wrench Plastic Cylinders

1/8" Wire Strippers Ink Pen

9/64" short Black Tape 3" Square Post-It® Notes

5/32" long, T-handle Rubber Bands Ruler

3/16" Antistatic or ESD Wrist Strap

7/32" Box Cutter

1/4"

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Step 1: Unpack the System


Open the crate and inventory its contents. See Packaging and Parts List (page 10) for the list of items
contained in the crate.

Note: You can use a box cutter with any of the boxes contained in the crate.

CAUTION

To reduce the risks associated with lifting:


• use two people to unpack the chair and scanner and maneuver them into place.

Remove the chair from the crate and check it for damage.

Remove the scanner from the crate and check it for damage.

Moving the scanner requires extreme care. In most installations, you will be able to move the scanner into
the room while it is still on the dolly. As an alternative, use sliders underneath the feet of the scanner. Two
persons are required to maneuver the scanner into place.

Move all of the system components, including the scanner and chair, into the room where the scanner will
reside. Put the computer and monitors in the controller area.

Note: Do not remove all of the packaging material at this time.

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Step 2: Secure the Feet and Lift Up the Scanner


Make sure the feet are secured. Screw each foot in all the way, and screw the top nut on each foot all the
way down (see Figure 7).

Figure 7: Scanner foot with top nut screwed down.

Using at least two persons, move the scanner to the location at which you will operate it and lift it into its
upright position.

Remove the dolly from the scanner.

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Step 3: Attach the Encoder


The top of the scanner has two openings. Remove the panel from the larger of the two openings using a
Phillips screwdriver. This compartment contains a grey cable. Attach this cable to the encoder. Be sure
the connection is secure. Place the encoder in the open compartment (see Figure 8).

Figure 8: The encoder.

Four bolts attach the encoder to the scanner. Mount and slowly tighten the screws. Make sure the cable
is not binding.

Replace the panel.

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Step 4: Remove the Remaining Packaging Material


During shipping, the ILUMA circuit boards are protected from vibration and movement with foam packing.
This and all other packaging material must be removed prior to use.

Remove the three panels on the access side of the scanner. Remove all foam packing from behind the
circuit boards. Remove the foam packing encased in anti-static packing material from between the
boards. Remove the foam packing from the sides of the inverter. Also remove any other shrink wrap from
the scanner's exterior.

Step 5: Install the X-ray Tube


Open the box that contains the X-ray tube. Remove the four nuts and lock washers from the X-ray tube
studs.

Note: The studs may contain additional washers. Do not remove these. They were placed during the
initial alignment to shim the X-ray tube into place.

Remove the X-ray tube from the box. The X-ray tube attaches to the outside of the C-arm, opposite the
detector plate. Position the X-ray tube so that its bolts go through the mounting holes on the C-arm (see
Figure 9).

Figure 9

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Once the X-ray tube is in place, secure it using the four lock washers and nuts, ensuring that the X-ray
tube is seated securely against the C-arm (see Figure 10).

Figure 10
On the bottom of the X-ray tube is a two-wire fan cable. (This is the only cable protruding from the bottom
of the block.) Attach this to the fan power cable on the wiring harness.

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Attach the two grounding wires from the wiring harness to the grounding post on top of the X-ray tube
(see Figure 11).

Figure 11

Slide the green connector located in the wiring harness into the green connector on top of the X-ray tube
(see Figure 11). Five wires remain unconnected. They are labeled X, Y, C, S and P. (If there is a sixth
wire labeled "Shutter", ignore it.) These wires attach to the labeled corresponding male connectors on top
of the X-ray tube (see Figure 11).

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Step 6: Install the Shutter


Remove the shutter from the box. The shutter attaches to the inside of the C-arm, opposite the detector
plate. Position the shutter so that its bolts go through the mounting holes on the C-arm (see Figure 10).
Tighten the bolts.

Connect the shutter wire (see Figure 10) to the only open two-pin connector on the shutter board. This
connector is below the connector for the green and white wires (see Figure 12).

Figure 12

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The attached shutter is shown from another angle in Figure 13.

Figure 13
The white and green wire connected to the green light will be used later in the installation.

Step 7: Install the Switch Panel Components


Locate the two switches (see Figure 14) that belong in the switch panel on the control side of the scanner.
The switches are shipped in a bag in the box containing miscellaneous items.

Figure 14

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To install these switches, you will access the inside of the pedestal through the round opening on the
back side of the scanner (see Figure 15). The cover (or "plate") for this opening attaches to the scanner
with button-head screws. Remove the screws and set them aside.

Figure 15

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Separate the two main components of the E-Stop switch by moving the metal tab that connects them.
Unscrew the round plastic "nut" from the back of the switch (see Figure 16). Place the switch into its
corresponding hole on the control side of the scanner. (Access the inside of the pedestal through the
opening shown in Figure 15.) The top of the switch is labeled "Top". Screw the nut back onto the switch.
Reconnect the back of the switch. Slide the metal tab to secure it.

Figure 16

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Repeat the process for the 3-position switch. The top of this switch also is labeled "Top". Pull the wires
from these two switches through the hole opposite the switches into the board area of the scanner and
attach them to the ILUMA system board. The E-Stop switch attaches to J3, and the 3-position switch
attaches to J9 (see Figure 17).

Figure 17
Replace the cover plate over the opening and secure it.

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Step 8: Attach the Chair


Remove the dolly from the chair. Position the chair close to the scanner in its correct orientation. (The
rails on the bottom of the chair will slide into the slots on the bottom of the pedestal [see Figure 18].)

Figure 18

Feed the chair's power cable (black), grounding cable (green) and pendant control cable (grey) through
the hole at the end of the scanner pedestal. Pull the cables up through the hole at the base of pedestal
until there is little to no slack in the cable between the chair and the pedestal.

Connecting the Cables


Attach the grounding cable (green) to the grounding stud in the bottom section of the scanner, near the
transformer (see Figure 19).

Figure 19

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Run the power cable (black) up the right side of the pedestal. Connect it to J6 on the power distribution
board. (Although Figure 20 implies otherwise, J6 is the only open green connector on the board.)

Figure 20

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Run the pendant control cable (grey) up the right side of the pedestal. Connect it to J6 on the ILUMA
system board (see Figure 21). (J6 is the only available connector that will fit the cable connector.)

Figure 21

CAUTION

To reduce the risks associated with impact:


• position the power cord, control pendant and operator control cables so that they cannot be
tripped over.

After you have connected all the cables, push the excess cables up under the base of the scanner to get
them out of the way.

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Attach the power cord to the back of the scanner, and plug the scanner into the wall.

Note: All of the cables and board connectors are labeled.

Testing the Chair


Connect the E-stop box cable to J4 on the ILUMA system board (see Figure 21).

Note: This connection is temporary.

Turn the main power switch to the On position. Turn the 3-position switch on the switch panel to the On
position, and then briefly hold in the Reset position and release it. The scanner should come on.

Plug in the chair and test it using the pendant.

Turn off the scanner and unplug the power cord from the wall.

Disconnect the E-stop box cable from the ILUMA system board.

Attaching the Chair


Two tabs protrude from the base of the chair. These tabs should align with the holes at the end of the
ILUMA scanner. Remove the bolts from the tabs. Push the chair into place, being sure to pull any leftover
slack from the chair wiring so that it does not get pinched between the scanner and the chair. Replace the
bolts (see Figure 22).

NOTICE: Do not fully tighten the bolts. Finger tighten them for now.

Figure 22

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Step 9: Level and Stabilize the Scanner


It is very important to level your scanner because any movement of the scanner can affect the quality of
scanned images. Leveling is easier to do on a hard surface such as tile; it is more difficult on carpeting.

Level the scanner by adjusting the feet (see Figure 23). Ensure that all of the feet are touching the
ground.

Figure 23

After the feet are in place, tighten the lock nut of each foot flush against the base of the scanner so the
feet will not loosen over time.

Level the chair by adjusting the feet. Fully tighten the chair bolts.

Note: These bolts should be very tight. A solid coupling of the chair and scanner is critical to the overall
stability of the system and to the quality of scanned images.

Repeat the leveling procedure to remove any instability caused by tightening the chair bolts.

Notes
• A leveled scanner and chair will not rock when pushed from any direction.
• The stability of the scanner is more important than how level the scanner is.

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Step 10: Connect the External Cables


Run the male end of the serial cable and either end of the Ethernet cable (yellow or green) from the back
side of the scanner up into the pedestal. (Use the same opening – the opening next to the primary
transformer – that you used for the chair cables.) Run the cables up the right side of the inside of the
pedestal.

The serial cable connects to J1 on the X-ray control board (see Figure 24).

Figure 24

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The Ethernet cable (yellow or green) connects to the RJ45 jack on the Galil box (see Figure 25). (The
Galil box is located at the top left of the scanner just above the ILUMA system board.)

Figure 25

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Run the E-Stop box cable (see Figure 26) through the wall or ceiling from the controller area into the
room housing the scanner.

Figure 26
Run the E-Stop box cable from the back side of the scanner up into the pedestal. Run it up the right side
of the inside of the pedestal. Connect it to J4 on the ILUMA system board (see Figure 21).

The detector plate cable – a purple Ethernet cable – is coiled in the bottom of the scanner. One end runs
up the inside of the pedestal. Feed the other end through the bottom of the scanner where the serial
cable, Ethernet cable (yellow or green) and E-Stop box cable are already run.

Run the serial and Ethernet cables through the wall or ceiling to the controller area.

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Step 11: Install the Detector Plate


Pull the detector plate from its box and remove the four Phillips-head screws on the right and left sides of
the front of the plate. (The detector plate will be connected to the C-arm opposite the X-ray tube [see
Figure 27].)

Figure 27

The detector plate will slide into the detector plate mounting bracket from the top. The side of the plate
that faces the X-ray tube is black. Before sliding the plate into place, connect the grey power cord to the
plate. This cord is located in the bracket housing. It plugs into the top connector of the detector plate. (It
will plug in only one way.) Use the slip ring to secure it.

Slide the detector plate into place. Attach it to the housing with the Phillips-head screws that you removed
previously (see Figure 28).

Figure 28

NOTICE: Be careful not to over-tighten these screws. They will strip with little pressure.

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Attach the purple Ethernet cable (the detector plate cable) to the RJ45 jack located on the side of the
detector plate (see Figure 29). This cable is located in the bracket housing.

Figure 29

NOTICE: If the scanner has a headrest, test the clearance between the headrest and the detector plate
by rotating the C-arm with the control pendant before performing a scan. If the headrest collides with the
detector plate, damage may occur.

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Attach the chin rest (see Figure 30).

Figure 30

Remove the thumb screw from the chin rest slider base. Insert the chin rest slider into the slider base.

Replace the thumb screw. Insert the chin cup into the slider.

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Step 12: Set Up the Computer


Unpack the computer, monitors, isolation transformer, TeraStation (optional) and computer peripherals.

Place the computer and monitors in their final location. Connect the monitors to the computer with the
white DVI cables. Attach the power cords to the monitors and plug them in. Change the monitor source
on each monitor to DVI. (Monitor source options appear when you press the right-arrow button on the
front of the monitor.)

Plug the mouse and keyboard into the back of the computer.

Connecting the Scanner Cables to the Blackbird (ILUMA Elite)


This step applies to the HP Blackbird, commonly in use with the ILUMA Elite, IMTEC's black scanner.

Connect the cables that run from the scanner to the controller area.

Figure 31A shows the back of the computer in the controller area. It is keyed as follows:

A: Mouse E: Galil
B: Keyboard F: Detector Plate
C: Network G: Serial
D: Monitors

Figure 31A (Elite)

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Plug the serial cable to the serial port on the back of the computer.

Plug the purple Ethernet cable (the detector plate cable) into the Ethernet card (typically the bottom
Ethernet card) labeled "Intel Pro1000".

Connect the other Ethernet cable (typically blue, this cable is attached to the Galil box) to the add-in
Ethernet card (typically containing the NetGear or Rosewill symbol).

Plug the computer into the isolation transformer using the supplied isolation transformer power cord.

Note: You will not use the power cord that comes with the computer.

If your system came with a TeraStation, plug it into any free network port.

Note: Be sure to complete Work Instruction IIW-820.170.02, which pertains to computer setup. Work
instructions are included among the paperwork shipped with every scanner.

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Connecting the Scanner Cables to the Dell (ILUMA Classic)


This step applies to the Dell computer, commonly in use with the ILUMA Classic, IMTEC's white scanner.

Connect the cables that run from the scanner to the controller area (see Figure 31B).

Figure 31B (Classic)

Plug the serial cable to the bottom serial port (COM1) on the back of the computer.

Plug the purple Ethernet cable (the detector plate cable) into the Ethernet card (typically the top Ethernet
card) labeled "Intel Pro1000".

Connect the other Ethernet cable (typically yellow or green, this cable is attached to the Galil box) to the
next Ethernet card (this card contains the NetGear symbol).

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Plug the two USB keys into any open USB ports on the back of the computer.

Plug the computer into the isolation transformer using the supplied isolation transformer power cord.

Note: You will not use the power cord that comes with the computer.

If your system came with a TeraStation, plug it into any free network port.

Note: Be sure to complete Work Instruction IIW-820.170.02, which pertains to computer setup. Work
instructions are included in the paperwork shipped with every scanner.

Step 13: Check Connections


Verify that all connections inside the scanner are securely attached and that all bolts are securely
fastened.

Note: Do not install the access-side panels or the detector plate top cover until the scanner is aligned.

You are now ready to begin the testing and alignment.

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Testing and Alignment

WARNING

To reduce the risks associated with radiation:


• read, understand and follow radiation protection guidelines as defined by local regulations
and install accordingly.
• always consider that X-rays are emitted during X-ray tube conditioning, scout image
acquisition and detector plate calibration.

Work instructions are included among the paperwork shipped with every scanner.

Step 1: Perform the 0/70 Calibration Procedure


See page 61.

Step 2: Reprogram the C-Arm Home Position


See page 64.

Step 3: Condition the X-ray Tube


Click the X-ray Conditioning icon on your desktop, and then follow the prompts on the conditioning
screen.

Step 4: Calibrate the Detector Plate


Click the Detector Calibration icon on your desktop, and then follow the prompts on the calibration
screen.

Step 5: Perform Work Instruction IIW-820.170.13


This determines the final and overall image quality of the scans. Spend as much time as necessary on
this procedure. If this step is not performed correctly, your scanned images may be unsatisfactory.

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Installation: Final Steps


Remove the two button-head cap screws from the top of the detector plate using an Allen wrench. Place
the detector plate top cover (see Figure 32) on the detector plate, and secure it using the button-head cap
screws.

Figure 32

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The fully installed detector plate is shown in Figure 33.

Figure 33

Remove the two screws that connect the front plate to the plastic X-ray tube cover. Remove the 13 self-
tapping black screws that connect the left and right sides of the X-ray tube cover. Set these screws aside.

Remove the four button-head cap screws from the fan plate on the base of the X-ray tube (see
Figure 34).

Figure 34

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54 ILUMA Cone Beam CT Scanner Installation and Service Guide

The X-ray tube cover (see Figure 35) is keyed to fit around the arm; it cannot be put on incorrectly. One
side of the cover is shown below. The other side is not shown. The other side does not have the screw
holes shown below. Place the side without the screw holes over the X-ray tube. Replace two of the four
button-head cap screws on that side.

Insert the green light in the other cover – the cover shown in Figure 35. (For more information on this
step, refer to Work Instruction IIW-820.170.18.)

Place this cover side over the X-ray tube. Replace the other two button-head cap screws on this side.

Replace the thirteen self-tapping black screws along the seam of the two cover sides.

Figure 35

Place the small rectangular cover on the front of the X-ray tube cover, and secure it with the screws.

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Install the access-side panels (see Figure 36).

Figure 36

Place the ILUMA stickers on the end of the upper pedestal on both the control side and the access side of
the scanner. Before peeling the backing paper off firmly press the lettering to the scanner. Carefully peel
away the paper from the stickers. Verify that all paperwork (e.g., Computer Setup – IIW-820.170.02, Final
Laser and Chin Cup Alignment – IIW-820-170.13) has been filled out and signed. Everything should now
be assembled.

Note: At this time you can back up the configuration files to the TeraStation or other media.

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Basic Troubleshooting
Note: Fuses F1 and F2 should be replaced on scanners manufactured before January 2008. Fuse F1
should be replaced with an 8A fuse (Littelfuse p/n 0218008.V), and fuse F2 should be replaced with a
3.15A fuse (Littelfuse p/n 02133.15.XP).

GENERAL ISSUES

Scanner will not turn on – no Power Check the power to and from the transformer.
light
Check fuse F2. If F2 is a 2A fuse, replace it with a 3.15A fuse.
Scanner will not turn on – Power Turn the 3-position switch to Reset and hold it there. If the
light, but no Ready light scanner stays on, check the E-Stop switches and pendant.
Check the small jumper on the chair distribution board (under
chair).
Note: After you reattach the chair make sure the scanner is
stable.
Fault light blinking on E-Stop box If the scanner has just been turned on, the lights may go off. Wait
and switch panel several moments.
If the fault occurs after initiating a motion command, reprogram
the C-arm home position (see page 64).
Open the top cover and verify that the C-arm drive motor and the
encoder are properly seated and connected.
Scanners with a 2006 manufacture date may have a C-arm drive
motor with a loose slip joint – check the set screw or install a new
C-arm drive motor.
Check the 12-pin encoder cable on the ILUMA system board.
The encoder may be faulty – replace it.
Adjustment lasers not working Check cables and connections at J13, J14 and J15 on the power
distribution board.
Reprogram the ILUMA system board.
Replace the ILUMA system board.
Gear assembly making noise Ensure that the C-arm is not touching the upper pedestal at any
(clicking) point during rotation. Verify that the C-arm drive motor and the
encoder are properly seated in the gear.
System requesting multiple X-ray Replace X-ray controller board battery (CR1216 3V).
conditionings
FAULTS

Inverter Fault A fault of this type indicates a general fault of the X-ray production
system (and not usually a faulty inverter).
Reset the scanner and retry X-ray production (multiple times if
needed). If the fault changes to anode fault, check fuse F1 on the
power distribution board. If F1 is a 5A fuse, replace it with an 8A
fuse.

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Fault occurs upon starting X-rays Check for loose wires on top of the X-ray tube.
Check J1 on the power distribution board for the correct voltage
for the location power source.
Perform the 0/70 calibration procedure (see page 61).
X-ray tube "pops" during fault Try reconditioning the X-ray tube (up to three or four times) to
burn off any excess gas in the tube.
NOTICE: Do not overheat the tube. Reconditioning the tube more
than three or four times consecutively can overheat the tube.
Verify wiring between J9 on the X-ray control board and CP1 on
the anode control board.
Verify correct anode control board for the location power source.
(For 60Hz, R14 will be a large brown resistor. For 50Hz, it will be
a small blue resistor.)
Replace the X-ray tube.
Inverter was installed on site Check for proper assembly of the red and grey wires on the
bottom of the inverter and the five wires behind the clear window.
Replace one or more of the potentially bad components: X-ray
tube, X-ray control board, anode power board, anode control
board and inverter.
Filament Fault A fault of this type might indicate a faulty or improperly calibrated
X-ray control board, a faulty filament drive board, or in some
cases a faulty X-ray tube.
Power coming in to the filament drive board at CP1 should be
125-136VAC.
Perform the 0/70 calibration procedure (see page 61).
Replace the filament drive board and rerun the 0/70 calibration
procedure (see page 61).
Replace the X-ray control board and rerun the 0/70 calibration
procedure (see page 61).
Replace the X-ray tube, rerun the 0/70 calibration procedure (see
page 61) and perform scanner alignment (see Work Instruction
IIW-820.170.12).
Anode Fault If the fault immediately follows an inverter fault, check fuse F1 on
the power distribution board. If F1 is a 5A fuse, replace it with an
8A fuse. If the fault happens immediately after X-rays are turned
on, make sure that the cable from the anode power board is
plugged into J4 on the power distribution board.
Check fuse F1 on the power distribution board. If F1 is a 5A fuse,
replace it with an 8A fuse.
Check the 70VAC output from the anode power board by
performing the 0/70 calibration procedure (see page 61).
Check the incoming voltage from the main transformer.
If the fault occurs immediately following the activation of X-rays,
check CP1 on top of X-ray tube or replace the X-ray control board.

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Replace the anode power board or the anode control board, or


both. Rerun the 0/70 calibration procedure (see page 61).
X-rays Inhibited A fault of this type usually indicates a problem with a motion
component (and not with the X-ray tube or detector plate).
Pendant buttons and alignment The ILUMA system board may be faulty.
lasers do not work
Reprogram the ILUMA system board. Replace it if the problem
persists.
Encoder and encoder cable Unplug ILUMA system board components (i.e., Galil box, encoder,
etc.) to see if the fault goes away. Replace component(s)
indicated as faulty.
Note: If you replace any component connected to the system
board you will need to reprogram the C-arm "home" position (see
page 64).
The encoder or the encoder cable (or both) may be faulty. Check
them, and replace them if necessary.
Shutdown requested A fault of this type can indicate that there is too much noise in the
system.
Check the ribbon cable between the ILUMA system board and the
Galil box.
Replace the Galil box.
Check grounding points on scanner for loose connection.
The encoder or the encoder cable (or both) may be faulty. Check
them, and replace them if necessary.
Overtemp Fault Either the temperature cable is unplugged or it is plugged into the
wrong socket. Should be on J6 on X-ray control board.
The X-ray tube has overheated due to too many consecutive
conditionings. Wait 1–2 hours for the X-ray tube to cool down.
COMMUNICATIONS This section covers problems with communication between the
operator (the computer) and the scanner. Communication occurs
as follows:
• The purple Ethernet cable connects the computer to the
detector plate.
• The serial cable connects the computer to the X-ray control
board.
• The yellow or green Ethernet cable connects the computer to
the Galil box.
Motion control error – On computer, When loading DAQ (i.e., when scanning a patient), there is an
"Motion Control Status" icon is red error loading a component. The Scan button is not functional and
the "Motion Control Status" icon in the upper right corner is red.
Indicates a communication problem between the computer and
the Galil box.
Check the status lights on the Galil box. Verify that the link light is
on.
Check the Ethernet cable at both ends. Use CAT5 cable tester to
verify continuity.

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Motion Control IP address should be 10.20.20.20, with subnet


255.255.255.0.
Ping the Galil box at 10.20.20.21 to verify connectivity.
Controller registration (DMC Smart Terminal) may be incorrect.
Reregister the Galil controller (see page 64).
Replace the Galil box.
Chair will not move Check to make sure the chair will move by computer control.
Check pendant buttons. These are membrane buttons, but you
can still feel the movement of the buttons when pushed. If you
push one and do not feel movement in both directions, or if the
buttons are sticky, replace the pendant.
Check for 120VAC at J6 on the power distribution board.
Check for 24VDC at J2 on the chair distribution board.
Replace the chair control box (located under the chair).
Chair moves forward when reverse Check the connector from the actuator to the motion control box.
key is pressed Make sure it is not backward.
Chair moves up and down, but not Connector from actuator to motion control box may be unplugged
forward or backward or incorrectly wired.
Chair moves two directions at once Check 8-pin connector for a shorted wire.
Chair does not move up (moves in Check 8-pin connector for improper connection of the ground wire
other directions) to the shield.
C-arm not moving Restart the computer and scanner.

Verify the network link between the computer and the Galil box;
replace the cable if necessary.
Verify proper IP address 10.20.20.20 and subnet 255.255.255.0.
Reprogram the ILUMA System Board.
Reprogram the Galil box.
Verify that the C-arm will move by hand.
Check all cables and connections.
Replace the encoder and cable.
Replace the EAC amplifier.
Replace the Galil box and all cables.
C-arm moves counter-clockwise Check ribbon cable on Galil box and EAC amplifier.
regardless of which button is
Make sure the ILUMA system board is programmed.
pressed
C-arm can be moved with the Restart the computer and scanner.
pendant, but not with computer
Verify the network link between the computer and the Galil box;
replace the network cable if necessary.
Verify proper IP address 10.20.20.20 and subnet 255.255.255.0.

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Reregister the Galil controller (see page 64).


Reprogram the Galil box.
Check all cables and connections.
C-arm can be moved with the Check all pendant buttons. If buttons are sticky, replace pendant.
computer, but not with the pendant
Check all cables and connections.
Check pendant connections under chair, and connections at
ILUMA system board.
Reprogram the C-arm "home" position (see page 64).
Reprogram the ILUMA system board.
Reprogram the Galil box.
C-arm does not return to "home" Reprogram the C-arm "home" position (see page 64), and then
position properly or loses "home" recheck the C-arm.
setting
Verify the encoder is properly seated in the gear and the cable is
securely connected at both ends.
Replace the encoder.
C-arm moves slowly during scan Check the yellow (or green) Ethernet cable (the "Galil" cable) for
damage. Replace RJ45 ends on cable if needed, or replace entire
cable.
C-arm moves 30 degrees and fault Check to ensure that the encoder cable is plugged in tightly.
light comes on
Serial communication lost (shows up Scanner may be powered off.
on screen in Controller)
Check serial cable between COM1 port on computer and X-ray
control board.
On rare occasions, the X-ray controller card may be faulty.
Detector Calibration Error Verify that the purple Ethernet cable is properly connected to the
detector plate and to the correct port on the computer.
Use the CAT5 cable tester to verify purple Ethernet cable
continuity.
Turn off the scanner power and restart the computer. After
Windows has loaded, turn on the scanner power. (This resets the
IP address to the scanner.)

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Common Procedures

WARNING

To reduce the risks associated with hazardous voltage:


• disconnect the power cord when the scanner is not in use.

Note: Do not use temporary replacement components when installing or servicing the scanner. The use
of temporary replacement components necessitates additional labeling and tracking.

0/70 Calibration Procedure


This procedure is intended to be used after the X-ray tube is replaced. It is assumed that the X-ray tube
has been mechanically replaced.

For the following procedure, communication with the X-ray controller must be established with
Hyperterminal.
1. Log on to the ILUMA workstation as Administrator.
2. Open the Control Panel, select Administrative Tools | Services.
3. Find the FlashCT X-ray Control Service, select it, and then click Stop.
4. From Program Files, select Accessories | Communication | Hyperterminal.
5. If requested, name the connection "X-ray control". (If the system prompts for area code
information, etc., provide this information to the best of your ability.)
6. When prompted, select COM1 for the COM port.

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7. The COM1 Properties dialog box should be configured as follows:


• Bits per second: 38400
• Data bits: 8
• Parity: None
• Stop bits: 1
• Flow control: None

Figure 37

8. To test communication, type ?V and press ENTER. You should get ?V040 in return (or some
other kV value if the system has been running).

Note: The prompt to the X-ray system is time sensitive, so you must enter the command fairly
quickly (within about 2 seconds); otherwise, the program will time out and you will have to retype
the command.

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Anode Rotation Calibration


Follow these steps to calibrate the anode rotation:
1. Turn off the system.
2. Verify that JP1 on the anode control board is set to position CB.
3. Attach a voltmeter to connector TB3 pins 2 and 3 on the anode power board. Set the voltmeter to
AC volts.
4. Apply power to the system.
5. At the Hyperterminal prompt, type !A and press ENTER. Ld3 on the anode control board should
light.
6. Adjust the small blue potentiometer next to the LEDs on the anode control board. The small blue
potentiometer should not have red paint on it. Adjust until the voltmeter reads 70VAC.

Note: Keep Hyperterminal open for filament calibration.

Filament Calibration

WARNING

To reduce the risks associated with radiation:


• read, understand and follow radiation protection guidelines as defined by local regulations
and install accordingly.
• always consider that X-rays are emitted during filament calibration.

Note: Although X-rays are produced during filament calibration, the shutter is designed to stay closed
during this procedure.

Follow these steps to calibrate the filament:


1. At the Hyperterminal prompt, type !Z and press ENTER. The X-ray system will automatically start
up and begin filament calibration.
2. The number on the right will increase until the number on the left just begins to rise above zero.
The X-ray source will shut down automatically when done. The new filament calibration value is
automatically stored in nonvolatile memory in the X-ray controller.
3. Close Hyperterminal.

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Reprogram the C-Arm Home Position


Turn the scanner on and follow these steps:
1. Make sure the X-ray source (big black box) is pointed directly at the chair, as if you were going to
point it at a patient's face. It should form a 90-degree angle with the scanner itself.
2. Open the DMC Smart Terminal program. (This is usually located in Start | Programs | Galil.)
3. In the left upper box of the DMC Smart Terminal program, there should be a cursor allowing you
to type some commands.
4. Type ST (put your caps lock on, as all these commands are upper case) and click ENTER.
5. Type XQ #SETVAR and click ENTER.
6. Type XQ #RSTOFST and click ENTER.
7. Type HOMEANG=-90 and click ENTER.
8. Type BV and click ENTER.
Once these steps are complete, reset the scanner by turning it off and then back on. Test the Home
button on the pendant. The C-arm should move to the home position, which is located with the X-ray tube
next to the pedestal. Test the CW and CCW functions on the pendant. If you have problems, see Basic
Troubleshooting (page 56).

Reregister the Galil Controller


The scanner should be on, with connectivity between the computer and the Galil box. Follow these steps:
1. Open the DMC Smart Terminal program, and click Tools in the toolbar.
2. Click Controller Registration. The Edit Registry dialog box appears. It contains a list of registered
controllers and their serial numbers. Verify that the serial number of the Galil controller registry
entry is the same as the serial number on the Galil box. (The Galil box serial number is printed on
a small white sticker.)
3. If the serial numbers do not match, delete this controller. Do so by clicking the controller, and then
clicking Delete.
4. Click the Find Ethernet Controller button to begin the search for an unregistered controller. A
dialog box should pop up and automatically scan for new controllers.
5. If an unregistered controller is found, it will be displayed in the dialog box (with a serial number
and IP address). Click this controller, and then click OK.
6. The Ethernet Parameters dialog box appears. If no IP address is present, click the Set IP
Address button and make sure the IP is set to the proper address (10.20.20.21). Click Finish.
7. Reset the home position of the C-arm and check all motion functions to verify that your system is
functioning properly.

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Changing the X-ray Tube


Note: You must fill out appropriate forms per local regulations (e.g., FDA Form 2579 [Report of Assembly
of a Diagnostic X-ray System] in the United States) whenever you change the X-ray tube.

Follow these steps to change the X-ray tube:


1. Turn the scanner off and remove the power cord.
2. Remove the X-ray tube's black cover.
3. Remove all wiring on the top of the X-ray tube, and remove the fan's power wire.
4. Remove three of the four nuts and lock washers from the front of the X-ray tube. While supporting
the X-ray tube, remove the remaining nut and lock washer and remove the X-ray tube.
5. Remove the flat washers from the old X-ray tube's mounting studs and put them onto the new
X-ray tube on the same studs.
6. You might have to remove the fan's mounting plate from the old X-ray tube and transfer it to the
new X-ray tube.
7. Bolt the new X-ray tube to the arm and rewire.
8. Remove the collimator and filters from the old X-ray tube and install them in the new X-ray tube.
9. Before you replace the cover, turn on the scanner and verify functionality of the new X-ray tube.
Verify that the filtering is correct for the new X-ray tube. The mean gain should be between
12,200 and 12,700 with all the filters and collimator and X-ray tube cover in place.
10. Perform an alignment of the system.

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Changing the Inverter and Board


Follow these steps to change the inverter and board:
1. Turn off the scanner and remove the power cord.
2. Remove the wires from the front of the inverter. These are located behind a clear plastic cover
that must be removed.
3. Remove the screws that hold the inverter in place.
4. Remove the inverter, unplugging any other connected wires as you do so.
5. Install the new inverter in the same location making sure to plug in all the connectors that you
removed from the old inverter.
6. Reconnect the wires on the front of the inverter and put the clear plastic cover back in place.
7. Secure the inverter in the scanner with the screws in the front.
8. Remove all the wires from the bottom left aluminum plate's boards. This is the aluminum plate
located just above the inverter on the left side. The X-ray control board is mounted to this plate.
Replace the board and reattach the wires.
9. After replacing the inverter and boards, perform the 0/70 calibration procedure (see page 61) and
make adjustments as needed.

Replacing Other Parts

WARNING

To reduce the risks associated with strong electromagnetic fields:


• replace damaged cables using only 3M replacement parts.

With other parts in the scanner, you will first turn off the scanner and remove the power cord, remove the
wires from the part, remove the part, install the new part in the same location and attach the wires.

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Notes

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