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MV Feeder Protection and Control

Terminal Unit
1st Edition

 High Set Overcurrent Protection with High-
Speed Tripping (50, 50N)
 Low Set Overcurrent Protection with Definite
59/59N or Inverse Time (51, 51N)
 Overcurrent Protection with extensive Setting
Range (2nd 51 and 2nd 51N)
 Optional Dynamic Reset
49  Directional Phase Fault Overcurrent (67)
79  Directional Earth Fault Overcurrent (67N)

 Resistive Earth Fault (51N)
 Undervoltage (27)
 Overvoltage (59)
 Zero Sequence Overvoltage (59N)
 Underfrequency and Overfrequency (81)
 Phase Balance (46)
 Overload (49)
 4 Groups of Settings


 Automatic Reclosing (79)
The TPU S420 has been designed as a protection and terminal unit for supervision and  Load Restoration after Voltage Trip
control of aerial and underground lines in radial electric networks with isolated,
 Load Restoration after Frequency Trip
compensated, solid or limiting impedance neutral connection.
 Logical Trip Lock (68)
The TPU S420 performs a wide range of protection and automation functions. It has an  Circuit Breaker Failure Protection (62BF)
extensive range of user programming options, offering high accuracy regulation in  Trip Circuit Supervision (62)
currents, voltages, temporisations and optional characteristics. All protection and
 Protection Trip Transfer (43)
automation functions settings are independent among themselves, having 4 groups of
settings for each function.  Circuit Breaker and Disconnector Supervision
 Distributed Automation
There are 3 different versions of the TPU S420 which offer the user the flexibility to  Programmable Logic
choose the suitable relay for each application. The possibility to program logical
 Configurable Analogue Comparators
interlockings complementary to the existent control functions provides additional
protection configuration that can be used to adapt the unit to the user’s needs.  High Precision Measurements
 Load Diagram
The local interface of the TPU S420 integrates a graphic display where is presented a  Event Chronological Logging
mimic with the state of all equipment of the bay, as well as its respective measurements.
 Disturbance Recorder
In the front panel there are also several functional keys that allow an easy operation of
the protection in the most frequent operation situations.  Fault Locator
 High Number of Digital Inputs and Outputs
As a terminal unit, the TPU S420 is capable of accurate measurements of all the values  Self-Tests and Watchdog
of a line and several fault monitoring functions, including Disturbance Recorder and
Event Chronological Logging. These functions allow its integration as a Remote Unit in INTERFACES
EFACEC’s Substation Automation Systems, offering at the same time a connection to a
PC.  Graphical Display with Mimic
 Functional Keys to Operate Equipments
Together with the TPU S420 is supplied an integrated software package for PC interface
 8 Programmable Alarms
with the protection – WinProt – either locally or through the local communication network.
This application allows, besides other functionalities, the access and modification of relay  3 Serial Ports for PC connection
settings and configurations and also the gathering and detailed analysis of the produced  100 Mbps Ethernet Redundant Interface
logs.  DNP 3.0 Serial Protocol
 IEC 60870-5-104 Protocol
 IEC 61850 Protocol

High Set Overcurrent with high- Optional Dynamic Reset  As a second high set protection stage,
speed tripping coordinated in time and current with
The TPU S420 allows the dynamic reset
other high set elements of protections
The high set overcurrent protection is option in the time-inverse operation of the
downstream in the network;
usually targeted for very fast protection low set overcurrent stage.
where selective coordination is obtained  As the main low set overcurrent
through the setting of the RMS current Even for the IEC inverse time functions, the protection with definite time, then the
(cut-off). In the TPU S420, high sets are TPU S420 offers the option of dynamic inverse time protection element
independent for protection of phase to reset, thus allowing the partial replication of becomes available to make a thermal
phase faults and of phase to earth faults. A the cooling down of conductors subjected replica of the conductors, particularly in
selective timing can also be set. to short circuits. the option extremely inverse with
dynamic reset.
Low Set Overcurrent with The reset time follows the following
definite/inverse time expression:

The low set overcurrent protection offers

sensitivity and step timings for selective t reset s A
coordination (time-lag overcurrent). The (I / I )2 1
TPU S420 provides both the independent
and the inverse time options. These The TPU S420 is original in the extension
options comply with International of the dynamic reset as defined by the
Standards, which is a guarantee for IEEE C37.112 to the time-current functions
compatibility with other devices. The defined by the IEC 60255-3. So, the user
functions of TPU S420 meet the IEC has the option to account for the usually
60255-3 and IEEE C37.112 standards. slow cooling down of the protected
conductors after fault elimination.
The settings of the low set overcurrent
function are also independent for phase to It is worth mentioning that the accuracy of
phase and for phase to earth faults. both the IEEE and IEC time-current
characteristics is guaranteed for the full
For the IEC complying option, the time- range of settings.
current functions follow the general Example of the Universal Protection limiting the
operating times
expression: The implementation of both standards also
follows the definition of the IEEE C37.112
top s aT
standard, providing a defined behaviour for
( Icc / I )b 1 time-evolving faults. This behaviour also
supports dynamic coordination between
NI a=0,14 b=0,02 A=16.86 relays and fuses or reclosers located
VI a=13,5 b=1 A=29.7 downstream the feeder.
EI a=80 b=1
b=2 A=80
LI a=120 b=1 A=264 Definite Time Universal Overcurrent
with wide setting range
For the IEEE complying option, the time-
In parallel and independently from the
current functions follow the general
previous functions, the TPU S420 performs
a second overcurrent protection function
with constant time.
top s c e TIEEE
( Icc / I )d 1 The wide setting range of this protection
function allows several applications:
NI c=0.103 d=0,02 e=0.228 A=9.7
VI c=39,22 d=2 e=0.982 A=43,2  To limit the operation time of the low set
EI c=56,4 d=2 e=0.243 A=58,2 overcurrent protection in situations of Example of the Universal Protection as a second
low short circuit power where the high set stage
LI c=56,143 d=1 e=21.8592 A=133,1
operating times of this function can have
important delays;

TPU S420 1 ST EDITION – REV. 1.11, APRIL 2013 2/24

Option between virtual image of the The maximum sensitivity angle of operation The locking by the directional function can
zero sequence current and direct is selectable between -90º and 90º, being be independently attributed to each one of
observation of the 4 current input advisable a value of 0º for resonant neutral the phase fault overcurrent stages.
systems and 90º for isolated neutral
The TPU S420 is prepared to observe the
systems. In systems with limiting
zero sequence current of the line in its 4th UR
impedance is advisable a 0º angle or 5º
current input, obtained either from the
superior, according to the resistive IR
connection of the neutral point of the phase
component of the impedance.
currents inputs, or from a toroidal current
transformer in the line. However, the UST
It is also possible to choose the direction in
TPU S420 also performs internally the
which the protection is intended to operate UT US
calculation of the zero sequence current in
and its operation in case of polarising
the line, directly from the virtual sum of the
voltage absence.
three phase currents.

The locking by the directional function can Relay non-operation zone

For each of the three earth fault protection
be independently attributed to each one of (direction: front)
elements, the TPU S420 allows the (direcção: frente)
the earth fault overcurrent stages.
selection of the source of the zero
sequence current. This fact allows Resistive Earth Fault
combining the observation of high phase to 7º

earth fault currents, using the wide This function is an earth fault overcurrent
operation range of phase CT, with the high protection for aerial lines that allows a
sensitivity to high resistive faults given by selective operation in the case of very
the toroidal transformer. The sensitivity can resistive faults undetected by traditional
even be increased by choosing a low overcurrent protections.
nominal value for the fourth current input
(0.2 or 0.04 A). The selective operation in case of fault is
assured by a current dependent delay,
Directional Earth Fault Overcurrent which considers that the zero sequence
Relay non-operation zone
Protection (direction: front)
current in the faulty line is greater than the
zero sequence current in each of the non-
In distribution networks with isolated or Directional Phase Fault Overcurrent
faulty lines. The main application of this
compensated neutral connection, the Protection
function is in networks with limiting
phase to earth fault currents can have very impedance in the neutral connection.
low values, similar to the unbalance The TPU S420 also features a directional
currents circulating in the neutral phase fault overcurrent protection, which
The correct use of resistive earth fault
connection. runs independently from the directional
protection is achieved in the TPU S420 by
earth fault overcurrent protection.
observing the zero sequence current
It is possible to distinguish fault currents through a toroidal transformer, with a
from unbalance currents by measuring the To determine the current direction in each
transformation ratio of 20, connected to the
zero sequence active power in resonant phase it is used the composed voltage of
4th current input, which should have a
systems and the reactive power in isolated the other two phases, which maximises the
nominal value of 0.2 A. With these
systems. The measure of these power protection’s sensitivity. The direction of the
particular choices a sensitivity of 0.5 A in
values is equivalent to the ratio between fault current is obtained even when the
the line is obtained, and the operational
the phase fault current and the zero voltage collapses (very close fault). To
times are given by:
sequence voltage. perform this function, the TPU S420 stores
the pre-fault voltage for 2.5 seconds. After 459.14T
top s , 0.5 Icc 5A
This is used in the directional function and that time it is possible to select the Icc 0.655
it is also applicable in neutral systems with directional function behaviour. 800.0T
top s , 5 Icc 200 A
limiting impedance, as long as that Icc
impedance has a minimum resistive The maximum power angles are selectable
in a range between 30º and 60º. It is also where Icc is the fault current in the line. With
possible to choose, as for directional earth a time multiplier equal to 0.2, this equation
protection, the direction in which the follows the ‘EPATR’ curve defined by EDF.
The directional protection works
independently from the overcurrent protection is intended to operate.
protection. Its role is to lock tripping when
the fault is not in the line.

TPU S420 1 ST EDITION – REV. 1.11, APRIL 2013 3/24

Optionally, the zero sequence current may If the VT is protected by a circuit breaker, Overfrequency
be observed in the fourth input if a the TPU S420 performs additional security
The TPU S420 also integrates the
Holmgreen connection of the phase supervision when voltage collapses: the
overfrequency protection function.
currents is used. In that case, the TPU absence of current. If there is current in the
S420 allows an automatic calibration that feeder, the TPU S420 considers invalid the
compensates the errors in the zero voltage collapse information from the VT. This function also has two time stages,
independently configured, one of them
sequence current measurements for the
different values of load current, so that the operating on positive frequency variation
The undervoltage protection has two
sensitivity of the function is assured in the rate.
independent time stages.
full range of operation.
The combination of under and
For line reclosing after fault elimination it is overfrequency protections provides
possible to define a current set greater The TPU S420 also integrates the efficient protection against situations of
overvoltage protection function. As the isolated network supplied by small power
than the protection starting current.
undervoltage protection, it uses the phase producers.
to phase voltages. The operation is always
independent for each of the phase to Phase Balance
phase voltages.
The phase balance protection aims at the
detection of high values of the negative
The overvoltage protection has also two
sequence current component of the three-
independent configurable time stages.
phase system. The main application of this
function is as unbalance protection that can
Zero Sequence Overvoltage
be used in several situations.
In networks where there is not a solid
neutral to earth connection, in particular in The detection of broken conductors with or
isolated or resonant neutral systems, a without earth contact, as well as the
fault involving the earth causes a large detection of phase absence are the goals
unbalance in the non-faulty phase voltages of this protection due to the resulting
which causes the appearance of a negative sequence significant component.
significant value of zero sequence
overvoltage. That value can reach the The phase balance protection can also be
phase to earth voltage value in case of used to eliminate two-phase faults, having
very close faults. in these cases a high sensitivity resulting
from the difference of the negative
Thus, as an additional protection against sequence component in normal load and
phase to earth faults in the mentioned unbalance situations.
neutral systems, the TPU S420 offers one
zero sequence overvoltage element. The TPU S420 has three independent
stages of phase balance protection. The
This protection is configurable in two first one is of definite time with fast
Resistive Earth Fault Protection Characteristic
independent time stages, coordinated with operation but less sensitive. The second
the zero sequence overcurrent protection. stage is targeted at a more sensitive time
The pick-up voltage is set to three times protection. The timer can be of definite or
The TPU S420 integrates the undervoltage the nominal value of the phase to earth inverse time, supporting the same
protection function, which allows the voltage. standards as the other overcurrent
implementation of a load shedding scheme protections.
of the substation feeders. This function Underfrequency
uses the phase to phase voltages, which The third stage operates according to the
The TPU S420 performs the
are not affected by the disturbances of the ratio between negative and positive
underfrequency protection. Having
existing neutral system. sequence magnitudes. If the negative
operation times in the order of 70 ms and
sequence value corresponding to this ratio
very accurate measurement, this function
This protection can operate with any phase is inferior to 10% of the nominal value, the
allows very fast frequency load sheddings.
to phase voltage, as it is usual, or as an protection works as a simple overcurrent
user’s option, considering the combination stage.
Two underfrequency stages are available
of the three phase voltages. This option
in the TPU S420, with independent
aims to make the protection immune to
settings. As an option, one of these two
false voltage faults resulting from the
stages implements a virtual relay of
operation of the voltage transformer (VT)
negative frequency variation rate, allowing
the anticipation of trips when this rate
indicates serious disturbances.

TPU S420 1 ST EDITION – REV. 1.11, APRIL 2013 4/24

Overload As an alternative, the maximum or average By setting opposite operation directions,
value of the calculated thermal image can the first set protects against the faults
The purpose of overload protection is to
be used for each one of the phases. occurring downstream while the second
protect the equipment against thermal
protects against upstream faults.
efforts of electric origin.

Fourth Voltage Input

This function is based on the calculation of
the thermal model through the observation The TPU S420 provides a fourth voltage
of the phase currents circulating in the input beyond the three phase voltages.
equipment. The operating characteristics This additional input can be used in several
take into account the equipment cooling cases, namely:
time constant and the losses produced by
Joule effect. The effect of the pre-overload  Logical interlockings derived from this
currents is also considered in the voltage value.
calculations. The implementation of the
function follows the IEC 60255-8 standard.  Check of voltage presence in an
The trip time associated with a current I auxiliary busbar.
and with a pre-overload current Ip is given  As input in analogue comparators to
by: perform undervoltage comparators.

 As input ratio in analogue

I2 I p2
top min ln comparators to perform overvoltage
I2 I tr2 comparators.

Fault locator
Complementing the protection functions,
the fault locator gives very accurate
information on the distance to the
eliminated short circuits. The start signals
of the functions of phase and of earth fault
directional overcurrent protection are only
used to define the fault loop or loops and
the fault locator function operates
Overload Protection Characteristic with variation
independently of those functions.
of pre-overload current

The algorithm used compensates the load

Second Low Set Overcurrent with
current in lines fed by two or more
definite/ inverse time
terminals. The fault loop and the distance –
The S version of the TPU S420 offers, in in , km (or miles) and percentage of the
addition to the three overcurrent stages line protected – are presented for the last
mentioned before, a fourth low set stage, ten detected faults.
which can operate with definite or inverse
time options. This stage complies with the
same standards as the first low set stage.
This function is offered both in the phase to
phase protection and in the earth fault

This fourth stage can be directional. The

directionality settings are, however,
dependent on the settings of the respective
Overload Protection Characteristic with variation universal stage, being identical to those.
of time constant
This way it is possible to have two
Additionally, an alarm level configured to a independent sets of overcurrent protection,
lower value of conductors’ temperature is each with a high set and a low set: the first
available in the TPU S420. This alarm can is composed by the high set and low set
be used to generate a signal before the protections, the second composed by the
function operation. The reset level is also universal stage, regulated as high set
configurable by the user. protection, and this additional fourth stage.

TPU S420 1 ST EDITION – REV. 1.11, APRIL 2013 5/24


Automatic Reclosing
The TPU S420 executes the automatic
reclosing automatism, allowing the
execution of up to five reclosing cycles,
completely configurable. The main purpose
of this function is the service restoration of
a line after the elimination of temporary or
intermittent faults, common in aerial

Reclosing sequence starts with the

disconnection of the faulty line, followed by
Distributed Restoration Centralised Restoration
the reclosing command, after the dead time
defined for the current cycle. According to
the type of cycle configured, the opening
Load Restoration after Frequency Centralised Load Restoration after
command has different sources. In the fast
Trip Frequency Trip
cycle, the opening is done directly by the In a similar way to the load restoration after As for the load restoration after voltage trip,
automatic reclosing automatism, while in voltage trip, the TPU S420 can execute the TPU S420 performs, optionally, a
the slow cycle the circuit breaker is opened simultaneously the load restoration after centralised load shedding and restoration
by the protection functions. frequency trip with a programmable time after frequency trip.
After the closing command, the automatism delay with stable frequency conditions.
waits a configurable time to confirm fault The operation of this function is similar to
absence. If the fault is still present after the This function allows the definition of a the centralised load restoring after voltage
reclosing attempts, a definitive trip signal is logical condition to start the restoration trip.
generated. cycle. This feature is fundamental when the
restoration is integrated in a global load Logical Trip Lock
Additionally, fast cycles allow a time delay restoration plan that depends usually from
in the tripping command in order to avoid information coming from the Supervision The TPU S420 executes the logical trip lock
reclosing caused by very fast disturbances Command and Control System. control function. Its main purpose is to
which do not cause the tripping but only the obtain a fast protection tripping, through the
start of the protection functions. Centralised Load Restoration after interaction with the downstream
Voltage Trip protections.
The logic conditions for automatic reclosing
operation are configurable through the Optionally, the TPU S420 can perform, This function is based on the lock of
programmable logic of the TPU S420. according to a centralised philosophy, the instantaneous trips of the high set
load shedding and restoration after voltage overcurrent protection after receiving a
Load Restoration after Voltage Trip trip. This automatism allows an integrated logical signal from the downstream
Associated to the undervoltage protection, solution to the load shedding and protections. This signal results from fault
the TPU S420 can execute the load restoration, when the feeder outputs don’t detection by those protections and is
restoration automatism after voltage trip. have voltage measurements accessible or transmitted through cabling or through the
when a more centralised management of local communication network.
This function is performed in each of the such function is preferred.
substation feeder protections and consists
Thus, it is possible to obtain a high speed
in the disconnection by the undervoltage Its operation is based on the execution of tripping if the downstream protections do
protection and posterior service restoration load shedding and restoration in a specific not detect any fault. A small time delay is
after a configurable time with stable voltage unit (TPU B420), located in the busbar, and enough to ensure selective operation.
conditions. in tight interaction with all feeder
protections. The busbar protection is Circuit Breaker Failure Protection
To execute a sequential load restoration it responsible for the complete control, giving
is necessary to configure the time delay load shedding and restoration commands to The main purpose of this function is to
with stable voltage conditions on each all feeder units. The TPU S420 simply verify the correct operation of a circuit
protection present in the restoration cycle. executes the load shedding and restoration breaker in case of fault. Its operation is
orders received from the management unit. based on the information produced by the
The interaction can be done completely overcurrent protection functions.
through the local area communication

TPU S420 1 ST EDITION – REV. 1.11, APRIL 2013 6/24

Thus, immediately after the execution of a Each command received, either locally or Operation Modes
circuit breaker trip command by any remotely, is monitored and the success of
The TPU S420 allows the specification of
protection function, the breaker failure the operation is signalled. The monitoring is
several operation modes, which affect the
function starts. If the protection function based on the state variation observation of
operation of the control and protection
does not reset after a configurable time (for the digital inputs associated to each device.
example, due to circuit breaker damage), a The operation supervision is available for
command is generated to other equipment circuit breakers and for disconnectors.
(for example the upstream circuit breaker). In the front panel there are two operation
modes, configurable by the user. They are
This information may be transmitted by Programmable Logic
usually associated with the bay operation
dedicated cabling or through the local
communication network. One of the main features of the TPU S420 mode, specifically with the control and
is a completely programmable logical supervision functions performed by the
scheme which allows the implementation of relay. Current status of each mode is
Trip Circuit Supervision
timers, programmable delays or other signalised by LEDs and may be directly
The TPU S420 can permanently monitor logical combinations beyond the traditional changed through the associated functional
the trip circuit of the circuit breaker through logical functions (OR and AND). The TPU keys.
digital inputs configured for that purpose. S420 has internally a set of modules
formed by a variable number of logical Besides theses modes, the TPU S420 also
If there is some discontinuity when the gates. The user may change all internal includes a menu to access other operation
circuit breaker is closed, the trip circuit connections within the module and/or modes that may be required.
supervision input resets and an alarm is interconnect the several modules. The user
generated after a configurable time. may also change the descriptions The Local/Remote operation mode defines
associated to each logical gate, the gate the relay behaviour concerning the received
type, the timers, the initial gate state, etc. information from the Supervision Command
and Control System. When in Local Mode
This flexibility may be used to configure all remote operations are inhibited.
additional interlocking to the control
functions or any other complex logical The Manual/Automatic mode concerns the
conditions. control functions executed by the TPU
S420. When in Manual Mode all control
Distributed Automation functions are locked. This mode is
fundamental to perform maintenance tasks,
The complete integration of the TPU S420
with the system in service.
in Substation Automation Systems allows
the definition of control functions that take
The Normal/Emergency mode refers to the
advantage of their connection to the local
area network (LAN). This means that, system’s special operation. When in
Supervision scheme of the circuit breaker trip Emergency mode all logical interlockings of
besides the vertical communication with the
circuit breaker commands are inhibited.
control centre, fast communication
Protection Trip Transfer
mechanisms among the several control and
The TPU S420 executes the protection protection units are available. The Special Operation A and B modes are
transfer function. Its operation consists in characterised by the instantaneous
operation of the phase overcurrent
the monitoring of the bypass disconnector This feature gives the possibility to
state, when existent, in order to operate the implement advanced automatisms, protection and by the lock of the resistive
bus-coupler circuit breaker. interlockings or other logical functions earth protection and the closing commands
generated by control functions.
based on the interaction through the local
When the panel is transferred, some communication network. This function is
automatisms, such as the automatic available in versions integrating the In A mode the phase to earth overcurrent
reclosing are locked, and tripping following communication protocols: protection functions has instantaneous
operation, while in B mode they are locked.
commands of the protection functions are
 IEC 60870-5-104 Protocol Associated to each mode there are two
executed on the bus-coupler circuit breaker.
 IEC 61850 Protocol logical inputs available for protection trip in
case of external phase to earth faults.
Circuit Breaker and Disconnector
The TPU S420 allows two distinct
mechanisms to execute commands.
Through the local interface, it is possible to
select any device and to command it.
Remotely, it is also possible to execute the
same operation. However, such actions are
conditioned to the interlockings related with
the communication.

TPU S420 1 ST EDITION – REV. 1.11, APRIL 2013 7/24


Measurements implementation of comparison mechanisms logs visualisation order. The TPU S420
which are useful for the operation of the stores several logs in flash memory. The
The TPU S420 accurately measures, in
energy system. storage of a new log is done periodically or
almost stationary state, the following
whenever there is a maximum number of
Load Diagram 256 new events. Like the other logs, the
event log data can be accessed in the
 RMS value of the three phase currents The TPU S420 permanently calculates and
protection’s interface or visualised in a PC,
and the zero sequence current (4th registers the daily load diagram. This using WinProt, with information gathered
current input and virtual sum of the three information is based on the calculation of locally or remotely.
phase currents); the 15 minute average of each of the
power measurements. All daily diagrams
 RMS value of the inverse current; Event time-tagging
can be stored for a full month.
 RMS value of phase to earth and phase The event time-tagging done by the TPU
to phase voltages and zero sequence Each diagram may be accessed locally or S420 is always made in the local time zone
voltage, obtained by virtual sum of the through the software interface – WinProt. of the country where it is installed. For this,
three phase voltages and the 4th voltage Data gathering is done through a serial port it is necessary to set the deviation of the
input; or through the LAN. time zone relative to the reference given by
the GMT time, as well as the day and hour
 Frequency; of start and end of the daylight saving
Disturbance Recorder
 Active and reactive power and power period, according to the legal regulations.
The TPU S420 registers and stores in flash
memory a large number of disturbance
The TPU S420 receives periodically a time
 Active and reactive energy counting recorders of currents and voltages (about synchronisation signal through the local
(values stored in flash memory) supplied 60 seconds). area network. In the absence of this signal,
and received;
an internal real time clock allows the
The length of each disturbance recorder, updating of the protection date and time
 Temperatures.
the pre-fault and post-fault times are when the protection is disconnected.
Based on the measurements made, the variable and configurable by the user. By Optionally, the TPU S420 can be
TPU S420 calculates and registers, with default, the logging starts 0.1 second synchronised through an IRIG-B signal,
date of occurrence, the following before the protection start and ends 0.1 having a specific interface for that purpose,
information: second after the reset of all virtual relays of or trough a SNTP server, according to the
the several functions. The maximum length RFC 2030 standard (in versions with
 Current peak (1 second average); is 1 second. The sampling frequency of the Ethernet communications board).
analogue values is 1000 Hz.
 Active power peak (15 minute average);
System Information
 Sum of the square current cut by the The close of the circuit breaker also
circuit breaker in each pole; triggers the recording of an disturbance The TPU S420 has available in real time a
recorder, and it is possible to define other large set of system information. This
 Number of circuit breaker manoeuvres. logical conditions to start this event. In information reflects the protection’s internal
particular, there are digital inputs which status, at both hardware and software
The high precision obtained in the may be used for this purpose. level.
measurements generally avoids the use of
additional transducers. All calculated Unlike the load diagrams, disturbance In terms of hardware it is possible to
measurements are available in the local recorders cannot be visualised through the access the status of several electronic
interface or remotely through the components, which are permanently
relay’s local interface. They must be
connection to the local area network and to visualised in a PC, using WinProt. monitored. The information associated to
the Supervision Command and Control the software contains all the data regarding
System. the relay identification, namely relay type,
Event Logging
relay version, serial number, relay name,
Analogue Comparators The TPU S420 monitors the relay’s inputs network address, etc.
and outputs, as well as all defined internal
Additionally to all protection and measure logical variables. Any state change or
functions, TPU S420 has a set of All this information can be accessed locally
event is registered, with precise time or visualised in a PC, through WinProt. It
configurable comparators for analogue tagging (1ms resolution). may also be reported in real time to the
values, acquired and calculated in the
protection. Supervision Command and Control System
Each event may be configured to be through the communication network.
presented, or not, in the event logging,
The configuration of high and low levels, as according to the desired level of detail, as
well as the associated alarms provides the well as the associated description and the

TPU S420 1 ST EDITION – REV. 1.11, APRIL 2013 8/24


Digital Inputs and Outputs For each back panel serial port are Functional Keys
available four different types of interface, at
The TPU S420’s main board has 9 digital Through functional keys it is possible to
the user’s choice, namely:
inputs isolated among themselves and change the operation mode of the
completely configurable. There is the  Isolated RS 232 Interface protection, to select a specific device and
option to use two expansion boards which command it, or to acknowledge an alarm.
 Isolated RS 485 Interface
can be of three types:
 Glass optical fibre Interface Alarms
Board Type Inputs Outputs
 Plastic optical fibre Interface Next to the graphic display the TPU S420
Main Board 9 5+1 has 8 configurable alarms. For each alarm
Type 1 Expansion 9 6 SCADA Integration it is possible to define an associated logical
Board2 Expansion
Type 16 - variable, choose the alarm type and the
The integration of the TPU S420 in SCADA text presented in the display.
Board3 Expansion
Type - 15
systems can be done through serial
communication protocols or through
On each digital input, digital filtering is Graphic Display
dedicated communication boards, namely:
applied to eliminate the bouncing effects of The TPU S420 has a graphic display
the power equipment. The logical variable  Serial Interface supporting the DNP 3.0
where a variety of information can be
and the configuration time are configured protocol, with communication speeds up
presented, namely: mimic,
for each input, without loosing the right to 19200 baud.
parameterization menus and records
time-tagging of the start of each state  Redundant 100 Mbps Ethernet Board, menus. The mimic presents logical
transition. supporting the IEC 60870-5-104 and information with the equipment state,
IEC 61850 protocols. This board also alarms description, analogue
The base version of the TPU S420 has 6 provides the TCP/IP communication measurements and static information.
digital outputs, 5 of which are configurable. protocol for direct connection with
The sixth one is a changeover output which WinProt. Security
is activated by the internal watchdog in
case of relay failure. The configuration is Any user can access all information in the
similar to the digital input configuration local interface. However, for security
previously described. reasons, without the correct password the
settings cannot be accessed.
In the type 1 expansion board there are
two changeover outputs and in the type 3
expansion board there are six changeover
outputs. These outputs aim to provide a
solution for logical interlockings that require
normally closed contacts, avoiding the use
of auxiliary relays.

Serial Communication
The TPU S420 has available 3 serial ports
for communication, two in the back panel
and one in the front panel.

The two back panel serial ports can be

used to communicate with WinProt. As an
option, the back panel port COM1 can be
used to support serial communication
protocols, such as DNP 3.0 protocol, not
requiring any extra communication board.

The front panel serial port is only used to

communicate with the WinProt application.

TPU S420 1 ST EDITION – REV. 1.11, APRIL 2013 9/24


WinProt is a high-level software application

designed to interface with EFACEC’s
Protection and Control Units. It may
communicate with different relays and with
different versions of the same relay. Its
architecture is based on the division of
functionalities on specialised modules,
whose access depends on the type of relay
and the type of user.

The structured storage of all the

information in a protected database is
another fundamental feature of WinProt.
Through the different modules it is possible
to execute several operations described

Remote Access
WinProt allows local access by serial port
through a modem and remote access
through the local communication network
(LAN) or even through an Ethernet network
directly connected to the units. It is Logic Configuration Module
possible to configure the settings
WinLogic is a friendly tool to configure the each logical variable, validate the changes
associated to each type of communication
relay’s programmable logic. This tool made in the logical network, monitor in real
and each specific unit.
allows the implementation of any type of time the full network status and make the
logical interlocking, including variable logical simulation before downloading
The use of a LAN has an advantage
timers. the configuration to the protection.
regarding the serial communication by
Logical configuration complies with the
allowing the access to any of the Besides the configuration of the
IEC 61131-3 standard.
protections in the network without having to connections between logical variables, the
change physical configurations. Thus, any user can also define the text associated to
operation of maintenance, configuration or
simply the system monitoring can be
remotely done from the Supervision
Command and Control System. It also can
be done through intranet, if available.

Parameterisation Module
The parameterisation of each protection is
done through a specific module –
WinSettings – where is possible to
configure function by function, to copy data
from one relay to another, to compare
settings from the database to those
existing in the relay or simply to compare
settings among different relays.

The user has a set of tools that help him do

the parameterisation task, such as
graphics with time-current characteristics,
default settings, print configurations,
comparisons list, etc.

TPU S420 1 ST EDITION – REV. 1.11, APRIL 2013 10/24

Logs Analysis Module
WinProt has a specific module for
visualisation, analysis and gathering of the
records produced by the protection:

The analysis of each record is simplified by

the use of specifically designed graphical
tools. For example, in the disturbance
recorder the user can zoom, see
instantaneous values, see the phasors
representation, displace the axis, etc. The
load diagram and the event logging can
also be analysed.

Mimic Configuration Module

WinProt has a module for the mimic
graphical parameterisation: WinMimic. This
tool can only be used with units with a
graphic display. It allows defining the
symbolic part, the textual part and even the
measurements and states to be presented
in the protection mimic.

Together with this module it is available a

library of graphical elements with which the
user can build the unit’s mimic.

Unit Test Module

The objective of the unit test module,
WinTest, is to execute automatic tests in
the unit, without the need for external
injection equipment such as test sets.

This module allows the simulation of

analogue values injection, the generation
of digital inputs state changes and the
monitoring of outputs operation. It is also
possible to monitor in real time every
measurement and event produced by the

Firmware Configuration Module

WinCode was designed as a WinProt
module dedicated to the relay firmware
download. This operation can be
performed at any time but only by
specialised technicians.

TPU S420 1 ST EDITION – REV. 1.11, APRIL 2013 11/24


All 420 family units offer an embedded web

server, targeted to provide, visualize and
change all the information stored in the unit.
This server was conceived according to the
most recent technologies, providing all data
in XML format and providing JAVA tools (it
implies the installation of a JAVA Virtual
Machine). WebProt access is performed
through an Ethernet local area network, by
means of a standard HTML browser.

General Information
The main page presents all units’ general
data, namely, the order code, the application,
the version and the serial number. From this
page, it is possible to reach pages with more
specialized data (parameters, registers,
measures, etc.). There is also available an
access counter, a map of the accessible
pages in the server and a page with useful
links (technical support, EFACEC Web site,
e-mail, etc.).

Through the WebProt, the user can visualize
and change several functional parameters
defined in the unit. Besides, this is subject to
a previous password insertion, for changing
purposes. It is also possible to print and
export the complete data.

WebProt allows the collection and analysis of
the different logs existing in the unit
(disturbance recorders, event logging, load
diagrams, etc.). Concerning more complex
records, such as disturbance recorders,
analysis tools are downloaded directly from
the server, avoiding the need for high level
specific applications.

Schematic Diagrams
Remote monitoring of the unit’s schematic
diagram and alarm data is another feature,
available in order to allow an easy and
efficient access to the equipment state, as
performed locally.

TPU S420 1 ST EDITION – REV. 1.11, APRIL 2013 12/24


TPU S420 1 ST EDITION – REV. 1.11, APRIL 2013 13/24


TPU S420 1 ST EDITION – REV. 1.11, APRIL 2013 14/24



TPU S420 1 ST EDITION – REV. 1.11, APRIL 2013 15/24


Analogue Current Inputs Frequency 50 Hz / 60 Hz optional

Rated Current 1A/5A
Thermal Withstand 5 A / 15 A Continuous
100 A / 500 A for 1 s
4th Input Rated Current 5 A / 1 A / 0.2 A / 0,04 A
Thermal Withstand 15 A / 5 A / 1.5 A / 0.5 A Continuous
500 A / 100 A / 20 A / 4 A for 1 s
Burden < 0.25 VA @ In

Analogue Voltage Inputs Frequency 50 Hz / 60 Hz optional

Rated Voltage (Phase-to-Phase) 100 / 110 / 115 / 120 V
Overvoltage 1.5 Un Continuous; 2,5 Un for 10 s
Burden < 0.25 VA @ Un

Power Supply Voltage Range 24 V d.c. (19 - 72 V d.c.)

48 V d.c. (19 - 72 V d.c.)
110 / 125 V a.c./ d.c. (88 - 300 V d.c./ 80 - 265 V a.c.)
220 / 240 V a.c./ d.c. (88 - 300 V d.c./ 80 - 265 V a.c.)
Power Consumption 12 to 30 W / 20 to 60 VA
Ripple at DC Auxiliary Power Supply < 12%

Environmental Conditions Operating Temperature Range - 10 ºC to + 60 ºC

Storage Temperature Range - 25 ºC to + 70 ºC
Relative humidity 10 to 90%

Digital Inputs Rated Voltage / Working Range 24 V (19 ... 138) V d.c.
48 V (30 ... 120) V d.c.
110/125 V (80 ... 220) V d.c.
220/250 V (150…300) V d.c.
Power Consumption 24 V < 0,05 W (1.5 mA @ 24 V d.c.)
48 V < 0.1 W (1.5 mA @ 48 V d.c.)
110/125 V < 0.2 W (1.5 mA @ 125 V d.c.)
220/250 V < 0.4 W (1.5 mA @ 250 V d.c.)
Debounce Time 1 .. 128 ms
Chatter Filter 1 .. 255
Validation Time of double inputs 1 .. 60 s

Digital Outputs Rated Voltage 250 V a.c. / d.c.

Rated Current 5A
Making Capacity 1 s @ 10 A; 0.2 s @ 30 A
Breaking Capacity d.c. : 1/0.4/0.2 A @ 48/110/220 V; L/R < 40 ms
a.c. : 1250 VA (250 V / 5 A); cos > 0.4
Voltage between open contacts 1 kV rms 1 min
Operating Mode Pulsed / Latched
Pulse Duration 0,02 .. 5 s

Communication Interfaces Ethernet Fibre Type Multimode glass optical fibre

50/125 µm or 62,5/125 µm
Wavelength 1300 nm
Connector ST (SC optional)
Max. Distance 2 km
Glass optical fibre Piggy-back Fibre Type Multimode glass optical fibre
50/125 µm or 62,5/125 µm
Wavelength 820 nm
Connector ST
Max. Distance 1.7 km
Plastic optical fibre Piggy-back Fibre Type Plastic optical fibre (POF)
1 mm
Wavelength 650 nm
Max. Distance 45 m

Insulation Tests High Voltage Test IEC 60255-5 2,5 kV a.c. 1 min 50 Hz
3 kV d.c. 1 min (power supply)
Impulse Voltage Test IEC 60255-5 5 kV 1.2/50 s, 0.5 J
Insulation Resistance IEC 60255-5 > 100 M @ 500 V d.c.
TPU S420 1 EDITION – REV. 1.11, APRIL 2013 16/24
EMC – Immunity Tests 1 MHz Burst Disturbance Test IEC 60255-22-1 Class III 2,5 kV common mode
EN 61000-4-12 1 kV differential mode
Electrostatic Discharge EN 61000-4-2 8 kV contact; 15 kV air
EN 60255-22-2 Class IV
Electromagnetic field EN 61000-4-3 80 MHz–3000 MHz; 10 V/m; 80% AM
900 5 MHz; 10V/m; 50%; 200Hz
Fast Transient Disturbance EN 61000-4-4 4 kV 5/50 ns
IEC 60255-22-4 Class IV
Surge Immunity Test EN 61000-4-5 4/2 kV (power supply)
2/1 kV (I/O)
Conducted RF Disturbance Test EN 61000-4-6 10 V rms, 150 kHz–80 MHz
@ 1 kHz 80% am
Power Frequency Magnetic Field EN 61000-4-8 30 A/m cont; 300 A/m 3 s
Immunity Test
Voltage Variations Immunity EN 61000-4-11 10 ms @ 70%; 100 ms @ 40%
Tests IEC 60255-11 1 s @ 40%; 5 s @ 0%
Interruptions in Auxiliary Supply EN 61000-4-11 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200 ms
IEC 60255-11

EMC – Emission Tests Radiated Emission EN 55011; EN 55022 30 – 1000 MHz class A
Conducted Emission EN 55011; EN55022 0.15 – 30 MHz class A

CE Marking Electromagnetic Compatibility Immunity EN 61000-6-2 : 2005

Directive EN 50263 : 1999
Emission EN 61000-6-4 : 2007
EN 50263 : 1999
Low Voltage Directive EN 60950-1: 2006 + A1: 2010 +
A11: 2009 + A12: 2011
EN 60255-5 : 2001

Mechanical Tests Vibration Tests (sinusoidal) IEC 60255-21-1 Class II

Shock and Bump Tests IEC 60255-21-2 Class II
Seismic Tests IEC 60255-21-3 Class II

Environmental Tests Cold Test, IEC 60068-2-1 - 10ºC, 72h

Dry Heat Test, IEC 60068-2-2 + 60ºC, 72h
Salt Mist Test, IEC 60068-2-11 96h
Damp Heat Test, IEC 60068-2-78 + 40ºC, 93% RH, 96h
Storage Temperature Test, - 25ºC
IEC 60068-2-48 + 70ºC
Degree of Protection according to EN 60529, IP30
frontal side, flush mounted
Degree of Protection according to EN 60529, rear IP20

Weight 8 Kg

Definite/Inverse Time Low Set Curves NI, VI, EI, LI of IEC standard
Overcurrent Protection for Phase to NI, VI, EI, LI of IEEE standard
Phase Faults Operational Current 0.2 .. 20 pu
Time Delay 0,04 .. 300 s
TM regulation 0,05 .. 1.5
Timer Accuracy 10 ms (definite time)
3% or 10 ms (inverse time)
Current Accuracy 3% (minimum 3% In)
Start Value of Inverse Time Protection 1.2 Iop
Reset Ratio 0.96
Max. Static Reset Time 30 ms

TPU S420 1 EDITION – REV. 1.11, APRIL 2013 17/24
High Set Overcurrent Protection for Operational Current 0.2 .. 40 pu
Phase to Phase Faults Time Delay 0 .. 60 s
Min. Operating Time 30 ms (with I 2 Iop)
Timer Accuracy 10 ms
Current Accuracy 5% (minimum 3% In)
Reset Ratio 0.95
Max. Reset time 30 ms

Definite Time Universal Overcurrent Operational Current 0.2 .. 40 pu

Protection for Phase to Phase Faults Time Delay 0,04 .. 300 s
Timer Accuracy 10 ms
Current Accuracy 3% (minimum 3% In)
Reset Ratio 0.96
Max. Reset Time 30 ms

High Set Overcurrent Protection for Operational Current 0.1 .. 40 pu

Phase to Earth Faults Time Delay 0 .. 60 s
Min. Operating Time 30 ms (with I 2 Iop)
Timer Accuracy 10 ms
Current Accuracy 5% (minimum 3% In)
Reset Ratio 0.95
Max. Reset Time 30 ms

Definite/Inverse Time Low Set Curves NI, VI, EI, LI of IEC standard
Overcurrent Protection for Phase to NI, VI, EI, LI of IEEE standard
Earth Faults Operational Current 0.1 .. 20 pu
Time Delay 0,04 .. 300 s
TM regulation 0.5 .. 15
Timer Accuracy 10 ms (definite time)
3% or 10 ms (inverse time)
Current Accuracy 3% (minimum 3% In)
Start Value of Inverse Time Protection 1.2 Iop
Reset Ratio 0.96
Max. Static Reset Time 30 ms

Definite Time Universal Overcurrent Operational Current 0.1 .. 40 pu

Protection for Phase to Earth Faults Time Delay 0,04 .. 300 s
Timer Accuracy 10 ms
Current Accuracy 3% (minimum 3% In)
Reset Ratio 0.96
Max. Reset Time 30 ms

Directional Phase Fault Protection Available Phase Relations 30º .. 60º (forward/reverse)
Memory duration after voltage drop 2,5 s

Directional Earth Fault Protection Available Phase Relations -90º .. 90º (forward/reverse)
Min. Zero sequence Voltage 0,005.. 0.8 pu

Resistive Earth Fault Protection Operational Current 0.125 .. 5 pu

TM Regulation 0,05 .. 1.5
Start set for recloser 0.125 .. 5 pu
Timer Accuracy 3% or 10 ms
Current Accuracy 3% (minimum 3% In)
Reset Ratio 0.96
Max. Reset Time 30 ms

High Set Phase Balance Protection Operational Current 0.1 .. 10 pu

Time Delay 0 .. 60 s
Min. Operating Time 30 ms (with I 2 Iop)
Timer Accuracy 10 ms
Current Accuracy 5% (minimum 3% In)
Reset Ratio 0.95
Max. Reset Time 30 ms

TPU S420 1 EDITION – REV. 1.11, APRIL 2013 18/24
Definite/Inverse Time Low Set Phase Curves NI, VI, EI, LI of IEC standard
Balance Protection NI, VI, EI, LI of IEEE standard
Operational Current 0.1 .. 5 pu
Time Delay 0,04 .. 300 s
TM Regulation 0.5 .. 15
Timer Accuracy 10 ms (definite time)
3% or 10 ms (inverse time)
Current Accuracy 3% (minimum 3% In)
Start Value of Inverse Time Protection 1.2 Iop
Reset Ratio 0.96
Max. Static Reset Time 30 ms

Negative Vs. Direct Sequence Negative sequence / direct sequence ratio 20 .. 100 %
Overcurrent Protection Ratio Time Delay 0,04 .. 300 s
Minimum value of the negative sequence 10 % In
Timer Accuracy 10 ms
Current Accuracy 5% (minimum 3% In)
Reset Ratio 0.92
Max. Reset Time 30 ms

Undervoltage Protection Operational Voltage 0,05 .. 1 pu (VREF = VPHASE-TO-PHASE)

Time Delay 0,04 .. 300 s
Timer Accuracy 10 ms
Voltage Accuracy 2%
Voltage Absence Validation Current < 3% In
Reset Ratio 0.96
Max. Reset Time 30 ms

Overvoltage Protection Operational Voltage 0.5 .. 1.5 pu (VREF = VPHASE-TO-PHASE)

Time Delay 0,04 .. 300 s
Timer Accuracy 10 ms
Voltage Accuracy 2%
Reset Ratio 0.96
Max. Reset Time 30 ms

Zero Sequence Overvoltage Operational Voltage 0,005 .. 0.8 pu (VREF = VZERO SEQUENCE)
Protection Time Delay 0,04 .. 300 s
Timer Accuracy 10 ms
Voltage Accuracy 2%
Reset Ratio 0.96
Max. Reset Time 30 ms

Underfrequency Protection Operational Frequency 0.8 .. 1 pu

Changing Rate - 0.1 .. -10 Hz/s
Time Delay 0,07 .. 120 s
Minimum Voltage of Operation 0,05 .. 1 pu (VREF = VPHASE-TO-PHASE)
Timer Accuracy 10 ms
Frequency Accuracy 0.1 % (0,05 Hz)
Max. Reset Time 30 ms

Overfrequency Protection Operational Frequency 1 .. 1.2 pu

Changing Rate + 0.1 .. 10 Hz/s
Time Delay 0,07 .. 120 s
Minimum Voltage of Operation 0,05 .. 1 pu (VREF = VPHASE-TO-PHASE)
Timer Accuracy 10 ms
Frequency Accuracy 0.1 % (0,05 Hz)
Max. Reset Time 30 ms

Overload Protection Curves IEC 60255-8

Base Current 0.2 .. 4 pu
Trip Threshold 50 .. 250 % (I base)
Alarm Level 50 .. 100 % (Trip Temperature)
Reset Level 10 .. 100 % (Trip Temperature)
Time Constant 1 .. 500 min
Timer Accuracy 5%

TPU S420 1 EDITION – REV. 1.11, APRIL 2013 19/24
2nd Definite/Inverse Time Low Set Curves NI, VI, EI, LI of IEC standard
Overcurrent Protection for Phase to NI, VI, EI, LI of IEEE standard
Phase Faults Operational Current 0.2 .. 20 pu
Time Delay 0,04 .. 300 s
TM Regulation 0,05 .. 1.5
Timer Accuracy 10 ms (definite time)
3% or 10 ms (inverse time)
Current Accuracy 3% (minimum 3% In)
Start value of inverse time protection 1.2 Iop
Reset Ratio 0.96
Max. Static Reset Time 30 ms

2nd Definite/Inverse Time Low Set Curves NI, VI, EI, LI of IEC standard
Overcurrent Protection for Phase to NI, VI, EI, LI of IEEE standard
Earth Faults Operational Current 0.1 .. 20 pu
Time Delay 0,04 .. 300 s
TM regulation 0,05 .. 1.5
Timer Accuracy 10 ms (definite time)
3% or 10 ms (inverse time)
Current Accuracy 3% (minimum 3% In)
Start value of inverse time protection 1.2 Iop
Reset Ratio 0.96
Max. Static Reset Time 30 ms

Automatic Reclosing Type of Cycle Fast/Slow

Operation Time for Fast Cycle Acceleration 0 .. 1 s
Dead Time 0.1 .. 60 s
Reclaim Time 1 .. 60 s
Circuit Breaker Manoeuvre Time 0,05 .. 60 s
Maximum Number of Cycles 5

Voltage Restoration Program Shedding/Shedding+Restoration

Confirmation Time of Stable Voltage 1 .. 300 s
Time Delay 1 .. 300 s

Frequency Restoration Program Shedding/Shedding+Restoration

Confirmation Time of Stable Frequency 1 .. 3600 s
Time Delay 1 .. 300 s

Circuit Breaker Failure Protection Time Delay 0,05 .. 10 s

Confirmation Time of Trip Circuit Failure 0,05 .. 10 s

Circuit Breaker and Disconnector Open Confirmation Time 0,05 .. 60 s

Supervision Close Confirmation Time 0,05 .. 60 s

Measurement Accuracy Currents 0.5 % In

Voltages 0.5 % Vn
Power 1 % Sn
Frequency 0,05 % fn

Fault Locator Accuracy 2 % (Line Length), minimum 0.1 (sec)

Max. Number of Fault Records 10 (in non-volatile memory)

Event Chronological Logging Resolution 1 ms

Maximum Number of Events per Register 256
Number of Logged Events > 28000

Disturbance Recorder Sampling Frequency 1000 Hz@ 50Hz

Total Time Logged 60 sec.

Analogue Comparators Configurable Settings High Level Value

Low Level Value
Timer Accuracy 1s

TPU S420 1 EDITION – REV. 1.11, APRIL 2013 20/24
Load Diagram Measurements P, Q
Total Time Logged 1 month

SNTP Synchronization SNTP servers number 2

Server requested time 1 .. 1440 min
Maximum variation 1 .. 1000 ms
Packages minimum number 1 .. 25
Server timeout 1 .. 3600 s
Functioning mode Multicast/Unicast

TPU S420 1 EDITION – REV. 1.11, APRIL 2013 21/24



Phase Overcurrent Protection (50/51)

Earth Fault Overcurrent Protection (50/51N)
Directional Phase Fault Overcurrent (67)
Directional Earth Fault Overcurrent (67N)
Resistive Earth Fault (51N)
Phase Overvoltage Protection (59)
Zero Sequence Overvoltage Protection (59N)
Undervoltage Protection (27)
Underfrequency and Overfrequency Protection (81)
Phase Balance Protection (46)
Overload Protection (49)
2nd Time Low Set Phase Faults Overcurrent Protection (51/51N)
Automatic Reclosing (79)
Load Shedding and Restoration after Voltage Trip
Load Shedding and Restoration after Frequency Trip
Load Shedding and Restoration after Voltage Trip (centralised version)
Load Shedding and Restoration after Frequency Trip (centralised version)
Circuit Breaker Failure (62BF)
Trip Circuit Supervision (62)
Logical Trip Lock (68)
Protection Trip Transfer (43)
Circuit Breaker and Disconnector Supervision
Programmable Logic
Distributed Automation
Disturbance Recorder
Event Chronological Logging
Fault Locator
Analogue Comparators
Load Diagram

In the centralised version, the undervoltage and underfrequency load shedding and restoration automatisms are based on the interaction
with a busbar unit (TPU B420), avoiding the need for voltage and frequency functions in the protection.

TPU S420 1 EDITION – REV. 1.11, APRIL 2013 22/24

TPU S420 – Ed1 - - - - - - - - - - - - -

TPU S420 – I I
TPU S420 – C C
TPU S420 – S S

Rated current on phase current transformers

1A 1A
5A 5A
Rated current on 4 input current
0,04 A 0,04A
0.2 A 0.2A
1A 1A
5A 5A

Rated voltage on input voltage (VPHASE-TO-PHASE)

100 V 100V
110 V 110V
115 V 115V
120 V 120V

Rated voltage on 4th input voltage (VPHASE-TO-PHASE)

100 V 100V
110 V 110V
115 V 115V
120 V 120V

50 Hz 50Hz
60 Hz 60Hz

Power Supply Nominal Value

24 V d.c. A
48 V d.c. B
110/125 V d.c./V a.c. C
220/240 V d.c./ V a.c. D

Expansion Board I/O 1

Absent 0
Type 1 - 9 Inputs + 6 Outputs 1
Type 2 - 16 Inputs 2
Type 3 - 15 Outputs 3

Expansion Board I/O 2

Absent 0
Type 1 - 9 Inputs + 6 Outputs 1
Type 2 - 16 Inputs 2
Type 3 - 15 Outputs 3

Communication Protocols
Absent 0
Serial DNP 3.0 DNP
IEC 60870-5-104 over Ethernet 100BaseTx redundant ETH1
IEC 60870-5-104 over Ethernet 100BaseFx redundant ETH2
IEC 61850 over Ethernet 100BaseTx redundant (non-preferential option) 850T
IEC 61850 over Ethernet 100BaseFx redundant 850F

Serial Interface Port 1

RS 232 (by default) 0
RS 485 1
Plastic Optical Fibre 2
Glass Optical Fibre 3

Serial Interface Port 2

RS 232 (by default) 0
RS 485 1
Plastic Optical Fibre 2
Glass Optical Fibre 3

Portuguese PT
English UK
French FR
Spanish ES

TPU S420 1 EDITION – REV. 1.11, APRIL 2013 23/24

Main Address
EFACEC Engenharia e Sistemas, S.A.
Rua Eng. Frederico Ulrich, 4471-907 Moreira Maia, Portugal Tel. +351 229 402 000 Fax +351 229 485 428
E-mail: Web:

Due to continuous development, data may be changed without notice.

Not valid as a contractual document.

TPU S420 1 EDITION – REV. 1.11, APRIL 2013 24/24