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The following worksheet is designed to help review and/or sharpen your ability to

differentiate and integrate functions encountered in a typical Calculus 1 course. Section

IV also addresses some good conceptual questions about the relationship between a

fiction and its antiderivatives.

I. Differentiation Practice

Differentiate the following functions.

x √ 2

a) y = (2x − 7)4 b) y = e 4 c) y = 7x4 − 3 5 x + 2

5x

tan (3x)

d) y = ln(2x + cos x) e) y = 2xe−x f) y = √

4−x

√

g) y = csc e4x h) y = [ln(4x3 − 2x)]3 4 x

i) y = e

1 2 2

j) y = 4ex sin x k) y = 6x9 − 4 + √ l) y =

8x 3

2x − 1 (3x − 1)2

2

Compute the following integrals. If an integral cannot be algebraically reduced to one of

the basic functions (powers of x, trig functions, exponentials, etc) that can be easily

integrated, state so!

Z √ 2

Z Z π/6

4 3 x2

a) 3x − x + √2 dx b) e dx c) 4 sin(2x) dx

7

x 0

4x3 − 3x

Z Z Z

x

d) e− 3 dx e) ln x dx f) dx

2x2

4 Z 1√

√

Z Z

x

g) sec(4x) tan(4x) + 3 sec2 dx h) ( x − 1)2 dx i) e3x dx

5

Z1 Z0

√

Z

2

j) cot2 (3x) sec2 (3x) dx k) cos x dx l) dx

(3x)2

III. Miscellaneous

The following questions help dispel common integration errors and allow for one to gain

some insight as to why these incorrect methods fail.

d 2x

1. Consider the function f (x) = e2x . We know that (e ) = 2e2x by the Chain

R 2x dx 1 2x

Rule, and this lets us easily conclude that e dx = 2 e + C. This could of

course be verified by u-substitution (if you know/remember this technique), but

can also be understood the following way:

1

R

The symbol e2x dx represents a function whose derivative is e2x . Since taking a

derivative of e2x results in multiplying e2x by 2, when we antidifferentiate e2x , we

must multiply by 12 .

You must be careful with this type of thought! Indeed, it works only when the

argument of the function (in this case, the expression in the exponent) is

LINEAR1 in x!

d x2

a) Calculate e .

dx

R 2

b) Suppose a student tries to apply the above logic to compute ex dx. The

d x2 2

student concludes that since e dx = 2xex , then:

dx

Z

2 1 x2

ex dx = e (1)

2x

R 2 2

Since you know that ex dx is a function whose derivative is ex , prove this

student wrong by differentiating his/her answer (i.e. the RHS of Eqn 1).

c) What insight does this reveal as to why this students’ answer is wrong? Why

2

can we think of antidifferentiating e2x differently than antidifferentiating ex ?

7x6 − 3x2

Z

dx

4x3

The student answers the question the following way:

R

7x6 − 3x2 (7x6 − 3x2 ) dx

Z

dx = R

4x3 4x3 dx

x7 − x3

= +C (2)

x4

a) By using Eqn. 2 exactly as it is written above (i.e. WITHOUT simplifying

it!), show that the derivative of the RHS of Eqn. 2 is NOT equal to the

expression in the original integrand.

b) What insight does this yield? Why can one not simply just integrate the

numerator and denominator of a fraction separately?

c) Compute the antiderivative of this function correctly.

Z

A. f (x) dx = 3x2 cos(x3 ) + C.

1

“linear in x” means the argument is of the form ax + b

2

Z

B. xf (x) dx = xe2x + C.

4. Determine if the following are true or false. If they are false, provide a clear

argument that justifies your claim!

Z

A. Consider the integral sin(x2 ) dx. Upon performing the substitution u = x2 ,

Z

the integral becomes sin u du.

Z

1

B. For −π/2 ≤ θ ≤ π/2, dθ = ln(sec θ) + C

sec θ

Z

1

C. x sin x dx = x2 cos x + C

2

Z

1

D. For −1 < x < 1, dx = ln(1 − x2 ) + C

1 − x2

Z 2x

e + 2x

5. Find dx.

2e2x

d (ax − 1)eax

Hint: For any real number a 6= 0, = xeax .

dx a2

6. The following question explores a common misconception that arose on Quiz 1

this semester.

Z

2x

On an exam, a student is asked to evaluate dx and provides the following:

e x2

Student’s Response:

du

Let u = x2 . Then du = 2x dx so dx = . Substituting this into the integral gives:

2x

Z Z

2x 2x

du 2

dx = = ln eu + C = ln ex + C

e x2 eu 2x

A. What error has the student made? Why can’t his/her antiderivative be

correct? Z

2x

B. Compute dx.

e x2

C. Find all positive, differentiable functions u(x) such that:

Z

1

dx = ln[u(x)] + C.

u(x)

Hint: The absolute value on the ln( ) term is dropped here because of the

assumption u(x) is positive. See the solutions for a generalization.

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