Name_____________________________

ALGEBRA: UNIT 5 LINEAR FUNCTIONS NOTES
WARM UP: Jessica needs to get to school in 10 minutes of else she will be late for her first 1 class. Her school is 5 meters away from home and she walks meters per second. Write an 2 equation that relates the time and the distance Jessica walks, then create a graph and a table of values to determine if she made it to school on time. Equation: _________________________ Table of values:

Did Jessica make it to school on time? _____________

FINDING THE SLOPE OF A LINE: GRAPHICALLY: Slope = ratio = -------------------------------

Directions to find slope given a graph: 1. 2. 3.

 TRY ON YOUR OWN: Given the graph, find the slope of the line.

Slope = ratio =

# units up / down = ------# units left / right

WITH A TABLE OF VALUES: Slope = rate = -------------------------------------

What do you notice about the slope from the graph and the table of values?__________________ Directions to find slope with a table of values: 1. 2. 3. SOMETIMES YOU WILL NOT HAVE A TABLE THAT GIVES YOU THE SEQUENTIAL VALUES FOR X: To determine if this is linear, follow the same directions: Slope = rate = change of y = ----change of x

 TRY ON YOUR OWN: Given the table of values, find the slope of the line.

Slope = -----

SLOPE-INTERCEPT FORM: y = mx + b m = ___________________ b= ____________________ GRAPHICALLY: 1 meters per second. 2

Remember when Jessica walked Slope = rate = -------

Where does the line of the graph go through the y-axis? _______________ Equation in slope-intercept form:__________________

 TRY ON YOUR OWN: Given the graph, write the equation of the line in slope-intercept form. rise = --------run

Slope (m) =

Where does the line intercept the y-axis? b = ___________ Equation of the line in slope-intercept form:____________

WITH A TABLE OF VALUES: Given a table of values for the scenario: Jessica walks second, write an equation in slope-intercept form. Slope = ratio = ------------------------ = -----Find the y-intercept: when x = 0, y = ______ Equation of the line in slope-intercept form:_____________________ 1 meters per 2

 TRY ON YOUR OWN: Given the table of values, write the equation of the line in slopeintercept form. constant change in y = -------constant change in x

Slope =

What is y when x = 0? ___________________ Equation of the line in slope-intercept form:____________________

SOMETIMES YOU WILL NOT HAVE A TABLE THAT GIVES YOU X=0: Example: Given the table of values, write the equation of the line in slope-intercept form.

GRAPHING IN SLOPE-INTRECEPT FORM: y = mx + b

Remember: m = ____________ b = ____________ Example: Given the equation y = 4 x + 1 , draw a graph. Directions to graph a line given an equation: 1. 2. 3.

 TRY ON YOUR OWN: Given the equation y = −

2 x−3 3

 TRY ON YOUR OWN: Given the equation y = −2 x + 4

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