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LARSEN & TOUBRO LIMITED MSQ(EPCC 1) UP GRADATION
PROCEDURE FOR RADIOGRAPHY TESTING
DATE:-03.11.2007 REV.NO.- 0 PROCEDURE NO.LT/MSQ/P/ RT /009
CONTENTS 1. SCOPE 2. REFERENCE 3. PERSONNEL 4. IDENTIFICATION OF FILM 5. EQUIPMENT/MATERIAL 6. TECHNIQUE 7. IQI 8. LOCATION MARKER 9. GEOMETRIC UNSHARPNESS 10. BACK SCATTER RADIATION 11. EXPOSURE 12. DENSITY 13. DARK ROOM 14. FILM PROCESSING 15. QUALITY OF RADIOGRAPHS 16. EVALUATION 17. ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA 18. DOCUMENTS 19. SAFETY
2 4. Welder no. ASNT Recommended practice: SNT-TC-1A-Personnel qualification and certification in Non destructive testing. 4.0 2. ANSI B 31.5 4..4 4.3 (For acceptance Standard). 2.-00000-SW-231 PERSONNEL: All radiography activities shall be carried out by BARC certified personnel only. Radiographers shall be submitted.4 3.Code for Processing Piping. Thickness Date L&T JACOBS .11. X-ray unique no.NO.. V Article – 2 .6 4.Non destructive Testing – Radiographic Examination. Radiography shall be evaluated by certified ASNT/ISNT level II personnel.0 SCOPE: This procedure describes are method & techniques of radiographic examination of butt welds of piping construction work of MSQ Up gradation Project. ABB Specification No.2 2.0 PROCEDURE NO.2007 REV. Certificate of RSO / site-in-charge.3 2.3 4. Line no.7 Project Identification no.PAGE NO.LT/MSQ/P/ RT /009 1.0 IDENTIFICATION OF FILM : Each radiograph shall have permanent identification to establish its precise location to job at least 5mm away from the weld edge.2OF 9 LARSEN & TOUBRO LIMITED MSQ(EPCC 1) UP GRADATION PROCEDURE FOR RADIOGRAPHY TESTING DATE:-03.0 REFERENCE: ASME SEC. Identification shall have minimum following requirement. IOCL Panipat. Joint no.1 4. 4.1 2..
All films to be used for radiography shall be in good condition and within the period of expiry date.PAGE NO.1 SOURCE Iridium-192/Gamma ray source as per requirement will be used.0 EQUIPMENT/MATERIAL: 5..LT/MSQ/P/ RT /009 Any additional information shall be added as required. 5.. Type of Source and Film to be used for Radiography: Table-I Wall Thickness (T) in mm Source 19 ≥ T All materials Gamma-ray Film Source Film AGFA D7 or Equivalent Material Shop Welded Joints Field Welds AGFA D7 or Gamma-ray (Iriduim 192) (Iridium 192) Equivalent X-ray 8 ≥ T < 19 Carbon Steel /Gamm-ray (Iridium 192) AGFA D7/D5 X-ray /Gamm. FILM Refer Table-1 ASTM CL-I or CL-II film may be used depending upon sensitivity requirement as per table below.0 PROCEDURE NO. marked on each individual carton by manufacturer.2 5.2007 REV.11.AGFA D5 or or Equivalent ray 192) (Iridium Equivalent L&T JACOBS .1 5.3OF 9 LARSEN & TOUBRO LIMITED MSQ(EPCC 1) UP GRADATION PROCEDURE FOR RADIOGRAPHY TESTING DATE:-03.2.NO.
NO. attempt shall be made to do single wall technique.2007 REV. Screen showing evidence of physical damage shall be discarded..3 A film overlap of 20mm on either side of the film shall be provided to demonstrate the continuity of the welds. 6. fine grain films (high contrast).125mm front screen and 0.4OF 9 LARSEN & TOUBRO LIMITED MSQ(EPCC 1) UP GRADATION PROCEDURE FOR RADIOGRAPHY TESTING DATE:-03.2 Single wall panoramic. 5. 6. however for elliptical (DWDI) image 5”x4” film shall be used. In general. 6.LT/MSQ/P/ RT /009 CS materials Gamma-ray <8 other 100% RT 5. shall be used.1. A minimum of three IQIs shall be placed 120 deg apart. The minimum width of the film shall be 3”. where the source can be safely placed inside.1 SINGLE WALL Single wall image.. Single exposure. where the source can be safely placed inside.2 AGFA D4 or Gamma-ray (Iridium 192) AGFA D4/D2 Equivalent or than (Iridium 192) Equivalent It shall be ensured that the required sensitivity is achieved using the above films. geometry & accessibility.PAGE NO.3 LEAD INTENSIFYING SCREEN Lead intensifying screen of thickness 0. L&T JACOBS . covering the whole circumference of the object.0 PROCEDURE NO. (Slow speed films) 5.11.1. This technique is mainly used for higher diameter pipes.25mm back screen are recommended for use.2.0 TECHNIQUE Any one of the following technique shall be used depend upon size. This technique is mainly used for pipes.2. If the required sensitivity is not achieved consistently.1 6. Screen shall be free from scratch marks and wrinkles.
1 Wire type ASTM/DIN pentameter of Hole type pentameter shall be used.2 6.1 DOUBLE WALL DOUBLE IMAGE (Elliptical/superimposed) Elliptical This technique is used where the diameter is 3. PLACEMENT OF IQI L&T JACOBS .LT/MSQ/P/ RT /009 6.NO. close to the weld. to each other shall be taken for the full coverage of the weld circumference.3 6. wherever possible. a minimum of three exposures at 120 deg. SFD is approximately equal to the diameter of the pipe. as applicable as shall be radiographycally similar to the material being radiographed. 6. 7. on both ends of the film...0 PROCEDURE NO. Alternatively IQI design as per T-233. The designated hole IQI or essential wire shall be as specified in table T-276. A minimum three exposures by placing source at 120 deg.2007 REV. 6. Two IQIs shall be placed on the film side. When complete coverage is required.2 Superimposed As an alternative.PAGE NO. Interval at outer surface. Minimum two exposures at 90 deg. The thickness on which the IQI is based shall be the nominal single wall thickness plus the maximum permitted reinforcement thickness as per referencing code section.2 may be permitted. the weld may be radiographed with radiation beam positioned so that the images of both walls are superimposed.11.1 DOUBLE WALL Double wall single image This technique is used where single wall technique is not practical.3.0 IQI 7.5” and below.2.5OF 9 LARSEN & TOUBRO LIMITED MSQ(EPCC 1) UP GRADATION PROCEDURE FOR RADIOGRAPHY TESTING DATE:-03. The IQI material selection shall be according to Standard practice SE 1025 or SE747. apart shall be made for each joint.3.
source side pentameters to be used.PAGE NO. IQI identification shall not mask the area of interest including HAZ.0 9.11.0 LOCATION MARKER: Lead letters shall be used as location marker.1 GEOMETRIC UNSHARPNESS(Ug): The source to film distance shall be maintained in such a manner that the geometric un sharpness does not exceed the specified limits.6OF 9 LARSEN & TOUBRO LIMITED MSQ(EPCC 1) UP GRADATION PROCEDURE FOR RADIOGRAPHY TESTING DATE:-03.LT/MSQ/P/ RT /009 IQI shall be placed on source side.2007 REV. Location marker shall be kept on the job itself. Placement of location marker (film/source side) shall be as per Article II of ASME Sec. 8. When a joint is radiographed by panoramic view in one exposure. 9. the entire circumference can be radiographed by placing at least three IQIs kept at 120° apart. Geometric Unsharpness (Ug) is determined by the formula Ug=Fd/D where. F: Source size in mm (Maximum projected dimension of radiation source or Diagonal distance for rectangular shape) D: Distance in mm from source to weld or object to be radiographed (source side surface) d: Distance in mm from source side of the weld or object being radiographed to L&T JACOBS . Location marker shall appear as radiography image and shall not be at the area interest.1 NUMBER OF IQI Each radiograph have at least one IQIs.NO.4. 7. However.0 PROCEDURE NO.2 source at the centre.4 7. During establishing radiographic procedure.V. it shall be placed on film side with lead letter “F” on the IQI or adjacent to it. by placing 7. 7..3 PROCEDURE DEMONSTRATION: Demonstration of the density and IQI image requirement shall be considered satisfactory evidence of compliance with this procedure. Where accessibility prevents hand placing IQI on source side..4.
0 DENSITY: For X-ray. The film shall be developed at 20° C and in accordance with the Manufacture’s recommendation. The solutions shall be prepared as per Manufacture’s recommendation. Film processing chemicals shall be procured from reputed manufacturer and shall not be used after expiry date. dust. If the shim is used under the IQI density variation may exceed more than 30% 13.0 to 4. excessive heat and radiation.7OF 9 LARSEN & TOUBRO LIMITED MSQ(EPCC 1) UP GRADATION PROCEDURE FOR RADIOGRAPHY TESTING DATE:-03. Exposure calculations may also be used if charts and rules are not available 12. FILM PROCESSING : Film processing shall be done in air conditioned dark room.0 QUALITY OF RADIOGRAPHS: L&T JACOBS . Radiography density permissible range would be 1. Manual film processing shall be carried out as per the guide lines of SE-94.0 DARK ROOM shall be located at an environment free from.0 PROCEDURE NO.. For Gamma ray.LT/MSQ/P/ RT /009 the film (Material thickness). Safe lights be checked to prevent fogging of films.0 BACK SCATTER RADIATION: A lead letter ‘B’ of ½” size (min) & 1/16” thick (min) should be attached at the back of film holder to check back scatter radiation.0 13.11.NO.0 H & D.8 to 4. 11.2007 REV. fume.PAGE NO.. 10. Radiography density permissible range would be 2.0 H&D The density variation over the area of interest shall be with minus 15% or plus 30% of the density measured near the required wire or over the STEP HOLE type IQI. Unexposed films would be kept in vertical position to prevent pressure mark. 15.2 14.0 EXPOSURE: The required exposure time shall be calculated from exposure chart or slide rules.1 13.
2 SAFETY: Precautions shall be taken as per HSE requirement of the Project as well BARC requirements Radiography source shall be stored in a pit in an exclusive storage room with lock and key arrangement.2007 REV.31. ii. iii.0 DOCUMENTS: Reports shall be maintained in Formats No.2 and applicable specifications.1 During radiography the following precaution shall be taken. iv. radiographs shall be offered to EIL for their review and acceptance.NO..0 ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA: Acceptance criteria shall be s per ASME B.3.0 19. Scratches. watermarks. crimps. Such blemishes include. All documents required by statutory bodies are to be maintained and kept at site.11.PAGE NO. This pit shall be approved by BARC. static marks. 19. Cordoning of area L&T JACOBS . 19. After review by Toyo.3 Table 341. Pit room approval certificate form BARC shall be furnished to PMC.1 19. 18. Source transfer certificate.3 19. but are not limited to: i. Fogging Processing defects such as streaks.0 17. chemical stains. smudges False indications due to defective screens EVALUATION: Qualified RT Level II personnel meeting the requirements of SNT-TC-IA of ASNT and authorized Toyo Inspector shall evaluate the radiographs.0 PROCEDURE NO. finger marks.. 16. dirtiness. LT/MSQ/PIPE/RGM/013 & LT/MSQ/PIPE/RGI/014 and copy shall be forwarded to PMC on daily basis.LT/MSQ/P/ RT /009 The films submitted for evaluation shall be free from blemishes to the extent that they do not mask with image of any discontinuity in the area of interest of the subject being radiographed.8OF 9 LARSEN & TOUBRO LIMITED MSQ(EPCC 1) UP GRADATION PROCEDURE FOR RADIOGRAPHY TESTING DATE:-03.3.
Permit for carrying out radiography.3. as applicable shall be obtained. L&T JACOBS . Radiographers shall wear film badges approved by BARC.3.9OF 9 LARSEN & TOUBRO LIMITED MSQ(EPCC 1) UP GRADATION PROCEDURE FOR RADIOGRAPHY TESTING DATE:-03.3 19.LT/MSQ/P/ RT /009 19.0 PROCEDURE NO.PAGE NO..NO. Display of red lights.3.2 19.4 19.2007 REV.11. Radiations level check by Dosimeter / Radiation survey meter..4 19.5 Display of radiation symbols.