# PHYSICS HONORS

The Motion of a Toy Car
Finding Acceleration with a Ticker Timer
Joanne Choi 10/14/2010

Mrs. Aumack

65 sec Distance = 40cm 1. Using a stopwatch.84 sec Points graphed on handwritten distance vs. 80 cm.63 sec 1.84 sec 1. record the time in seconds for each distance. From each position.65 sec 1. 100cm) . Data: y Attached at the end of the report o Two hand graphs (d vs. Tear off the segment of ticker tape used. t. 40 cm.64s.83s.64s. 20cm) (1. t.64 sec Distance = 100cm 1. record on a table.43s.63 sec .09s.09 sec 1. attach a ticker tape to the toy car and reposition 100 cm from the origin. and release the car so it slides down the ramp until it hits the bottom. 60 cm. t): Part I o Two digital graphs (d vs. v vs.64 sec . 3.42 sec 1. 80cm) (1. Position the toy car on the ramp at a distance of 20 cm. or the section with dots. Record the time using the stopwatch. t): Part II Hand timed values: Distance = 20cm First Timing Second Timing Third Timing . and 100 cm from the bottom. Measure the distance between every six dots in centimeters. 5.44 sec 1. 4.The Motion of a Toy Car: Finding Acceleration with a Ticker Timer Purpose: To determine the acceleration of the toy car traveling down a ramp. Then.81 sec 1. Procedure: 1. release the car so it slides down the ramp until it hits the bottom. 40cm) (1.10 sec Distance = 60cm 1.08 sec 1. time graph: X=average time in seconds (hand timed) Y=distance in centimeters from origin (0. 2. v vs.40 sec Distance = 80cm 1. Turn on the ticker timer. 60cm) (1.

64s. Given: Vi = 0. 109. 40cm) = 50.64s. 83.3 cm/s2 Conclusion: .64 s.83s. 100cm) = 136. b.64s.64s 40cm = Vf (0.99 cm/s Finding Experimental Acceleration (0.1s) = 37. 0cm) (1.3 cm/s2 Error Analysis: 39. 60cm) = 72.64s-0. e.3cm/s 62.5 cm/s b.99cm/s 37 m/s) / (1.5 cm/s) / (1.29 cm/s ( 0.83s 0.9 cm/s d.1s.8s. 80cm) = 95.99 cm/s) = (136. d. D = 20 cm 20cm = ½ (Vf + 0cm/s) 0.4 cm/s c.3s. T = 0.1s. (0.83s.8% 39. 37 cm/s) (1. 109.6 cm/s e.83s. 20cm) = (20cm-0cm) / (0. 97.3 cm/s Finding Accepted Acceleration (0. 62. 0cm) (1.64s) = 84.Calculations: Part One Finding Instantaneous Velocity a.5cm/s) (1.6s.03 cm/s2 Part Two Finding Final Velocity using D = 1/2 (Vf + Vi) ( T) a.0 cm/s (0.63 cm/s (0. 0cm) (1. 0cm) (0. 0cm) (1.3cm/s) = (109.3 cm/s2 84. 136. 73.03 cm/s2 x 100 = 113.64s) = 39.24 cm/s (1.83s 0.43s. c.64s.64s) Vf = 62.09s.

was 84. The distance can then be determined by calculating the area underneath the velocity line. B. Explanation of Results In terms of physics. Thus. which will be discussed in the sources of error section. However. Results The average acceleration of the toy car. This would affect the data in that the ramp would not serve as a constant.A. c. Velocity is determined by the slope of a distance vs. time graph. The impact of the collision between the car and the bottom of the ramp may cause the ramp to move slightly with each trial. the ramp would be inaccurately displaced and the actual distance would be miscalculated. The tape may pull slightly inside of sliding smoothly through and the person s hand may cause the car to be bumped back slightly. or mistakenly change the collision object during trials. Thus. it will fall at a certain rate. Five Sources of Error a.8%.x2) C. Formulas a. The ramp may have been slightly deficient in that it had dents. by the end of the experiment. or too soon. Gravity is a value of acceleration. b. the item accelerates as it becomes closer and closer to the origin. velocity. the results were possible because the law of gravity determines that when an item is placed on a downward slope near the earth. m = (y1 . or curves due to lightweight material. d. The acceleration generated. these would result in an error in recorded time. Clearly. bumps. It is a vector quantity. . Background and Theory: Acceleration is the rate of change of velocity. there exists a definite relationship between distance. was produced by means of calculations and formulas regarding accelerated motion. As for the reason behind the disparity between the experimental and accepted acceleration. E. which means that it includes magnitude (whether it increases or decreases in speed) and direction.3 cm/s2. and speed/time would be inaccurately influenced. push the car rather than merely release it. If the acceleration of a moving item is given.03 cm/s2. The exact time that the car collided with the origin or when it was released at the starting point could be misjudged. there are a variety of ways the actual acceleration could have been miscalculated. A person may accidentally bump into the ramp and move it. The friction of the ticker tape through the buzzer or between the person s hand and the car may cause a delay in the actual speed of the acceleration. after using calculations both by hand and technology. D. e. The distance and time is determined through an experiment. The person recording time could accidentally cause delay in the actual time data by clicking the button too late. Acceleration is determined by the slope of a velocity vs. the accepted acceleration was 39.y2) / (x1 . d = ½(vf + vi)t b. the calculated percent error was 113. which one records according to given directions. its velocity can be determined by calculating the area underneath the acceleration line. and acceleration. which was 84. thus. time graph.03 cm/s2.