carrying parts are within a metal enclosure and are held in a concentric configuration by cast epoxy spacer insulators. high-voltage.Gas Insulated Substations (G.S)  Definition :  A gas insulated substation (GIS) is a substation that uses a superior dielectric gas.  The basic principle of gas-insulated equipment :   Is that the high-voltage current. . sulfur hexafluoride (SF6). The space between the conductor and the enclosure is filled with sulfur hexafluoride gas under moderate pressure.I.

Gas Insulated Substations (G.  The equipment can be designed for any bus scheme. . of which outgoing bus-bar is shortened to reduce consumption of the outgoing bus-bar.S)  Usage :  Gas insulated substation mainly used for a power transmission system or a substation system.I.

8 → Outgoing bus-bar for electr-ically connecting the gas insul-ated substation with bus-bar. 3 → Ground switches.Gas Insulated Substations (G.  .I.S)  Components :       1 → Circuit breaker. 9 → Outgoing portion of the tra. 5 → Transformer.nsformer being arranged in accor-dance with extendingdirection of outgoing bus-bar. 4 → Bus-bar. 2 → Disconnector (Isolator).

Gas Insulated Substations (G. nonflammable.  Its dielectric strength is greatly superior to that of air. odorless.  Its excellent properties make it ideally suited both as an insulating and as an arc-quenching agent. chemically inert. and HVDC converter stations. and it is close to 100  times as effective as air in quenching an electric arc. power apparatus.  SF6 gas is colorless. . and non-corrosive.S)  (SF6) gas :  The dielectric medium is the sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) gas. nontoxic.I.  SF6 has been used as an insulating medium inelectronic devices.

 The GIS has gas-monitoring system. the gas is automatically tapped up with further gas leakage.Gas Insulated Substations (G. . the low-pressure alarm is sounded or automatic trippingor lock-out occurs. The gas density in eachcompartment is monitored. Some of the insulators are designed as barriers between neighboring modules such that the gas does not pass through them.I.  If pressure drops slightly.S) Safety :  The live parts and supported on at resin insulators.

Such substations are generally indoor. . Excessive damage in case of internal fault.  2.I.  3.S) GIS advantages and disadvantages :  GIS Disadvantages :  1. so they need a separate building. This is generally not required for conventional outdoor substations. Long outage periods as the repair of damaged part at site may be difficult. Dust or moisture can cause internal flashovers. Requirement of cleanliness is very stringent.Gas Insulated Substations (G.

Procurement of gas and supply of gas to site is problematic.I. adequate stock of gas must be maintained.  5. . Spares conventional substation is totally indigenous up to 400 kV.S) GIS advantages and disadvantages :  GIS Disadvantages :  4. Project needs almost total imports including SF6 Gas.Gas Insulated Substations (G.

I. A typical (420/525) kV SF6 GIS requires only 920m2 site area against 30000 m2 for a conventional air insulated substation.  2. Reliable: The complete enclosure of all live parts guards against any impairment of the insulation system.Gas Insulated Substations (G.S) GIS advantages and disadvantages :  GIS Advantages :  1. High cost is partly compensated by saving in cost of space. Reduced required space: The space occupied by SF6 installation is only about 8% to 10 % of that a conventional outdoor substation. .

The time-consuming is highly cost for galvanized steel structures and it is eliminated. Reduced erection and assembly times: The principle of building block construction reduces the installationtime to a few weeks.etc are alsoeliminated. equipment support structures . tested and dispatched with nominal SF6 gas. Heavy foundations for galvanized steel structures. The results are economy and reduced project execution time. The installations are dielectrically and totally tested in-site (unlike conventional substations). .S) GIS advantages and disadvantages :  GIS Advantages :  3. Modules are factory assembled. Site erection time is reduced to final assembly of modules. Each conventional substation requires several months for installation..  4.I. In SF6 substations..Gas Insulated Substations (G.

 7.S) GIS advantages and disadvantages :  GIS Advantages :  5. . and economic overall concepts. High flexibility and application versatility provide unique. From 30 kV to 500 kV they might result cheaper than conventional units.Gas Insulated Substations (G.  6. The safety is increased: As the enclosures are at earth potential there is no possibility of accidental contact by service personnel to live parts. lower costs. Reduced maintenance and consequently.I.

snow.I. Due to the troubles caused by pollution in insulators. However. dust … etc. each phase is separately insulated.Gas Insulated Substations (G. tripolar design is used (three phases in the same casing). have little influence on SF6 insulated substation.  9. For upper voltages. enclosed and compartmentalized. . The external moisture. Up to 170 kV. Atmospheric Pollution. Provide a protection against the pollution. the cost is increasing in construction. the tendency is to build indoors installations.S) GIS advantages and disadvantages :  GIS Advantages :  8.

S)  Hence.  4. They should not generate radio-electric disturbances.  3. They can be raised outdoors.  2. inside a building or underground.Gas Insulated Substations (G. They shall not imply danger for the nearby populated. to solve this problem. They shall be insensible to climatic influences. They require reduced maintenance. They are silent.I.  5. .  6. which should also comply the following requirements:  1. smaller installations are needed.

in SF6 requirements are met by cast resin insulators and SF6 gas insulation. Conductors which conduct the main circuit current and transfer power these are of copper or aluminum tubes.Gas Insulated Substations (G. enclosures are of aluminum alloy or stainless steel. the requirement of GIS can be summarized as :  1.  2. aadjacent modules are joined bymeans of multi-bolts tightened on flanges. conductors also need phase to phase insulation. Conductors need insulation above grounded enclosures. GIS these insulation  3.S) GIS Requirements :  The following requirement are important to satisfy. . Gas filled modules have nonmagnetic enclosures.I.

I. Various circuit components in main circuit are: CB. Gas filling. Auxiliary low voltage DC and low voltage AC supply system. Bushing-ends and Bus-Bars. VTs.S) GIS Requirements :  4. CTs. cable-ends. . monitoring system.  5. Earthingswitches for conductors. control. bus-bars are either with a three-phase enclosure or single phase enclosure.  7. Isolator.Gas Insulated Substations (G. protection and Monitoring systems. The bays are connected to bus-bars cross.  6. The bus-bars are conducting bars to which various incoming andoutgoing bays are connected. In SF6 GIS the bus-bars are laidlongitudinally in GIS hall.wise. each of these main components has its own gas -filled metal enclosed module.

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