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Sling Safety

Presented by
Bill Taylor

Objectives
• Be familiar with OSHA’s regulations regarding slings.
• Understand safe sling use. • Be able to identify and describe conditions necessitating sling’s replacement.

184 Defines a sling as : • An assembly which connects the load to the material handling (lifting) equipment .Slings • OSHA Part 29 CFR 1910.

. master links.e. hooks. This includes chain. i. clips. alligators. quick-alloys etc. A thorough plant-wide inspection is required to be performed at least once every 12 months.Frequency of Inspections All slings are to be inspected prior to their use. wire rope and synthetic slings and their attachments..

Hitches .

Never Overload a Sling. the wider the sling legs are spread apart. Remember. the less the sling can lift! 1000 lbs Capacity 707 lbs Capacity 500 lbs Capacity .Load Capacity and Sling Angles The load capacity of the sling is determined by its weakest component.

= 4.000 lbs.000 lbs. of lifting capacity per sling .667 Reduced sling rating in this configuration = .000 lbs. Measured Height (H) = 4 ft. Reduction Factor (RF) = 4 (H) ÷ 6 (L) = .Load Capacity and Sling Angles Example: Choker rating of each sling = 6. Measured Length (L) = 6 ft.667(RF) x 6.

Three Types of Slings Chain Slings Synthetic Web Slings Wire Rope Slings .

Chain Slings .

Chain Slings Only chain slings purchased from the manufacturer are allowed. No homemade slings allowed!! .

 Hooks have been opened more than 25% of the normal throat opening measured at the narrowest point or twisted more than 10 degrees from the plane of the unbent hook. gouges. nicks. stretches. .  Chain size at any point of any link is less than stated in the chart on the next slide.Chain Sling Inspection Items  Cracks. the sling shall be removed. welding splattered or deformed master links  One leg of a double or triple chain sling is longer than the others.

Special Precautions • Chain slings should never be modified or repaired by operators! Only qualified maintenance personnel may do so. • It is important to realize that the capacity of a sling decreases as the angle at which it is used to lift increases. .

Wire Rope Slings .

 Kinking.Wire Rope Sling Inspection Items  Three randomly distributed broken wires in one strand.  End attachments that are cracked. . crushing or any damage resulting in distortion of the wire rope. in one rope lay.  Corrosion of the rope or end attachments. worn or deformed.  Wear or scraping of 1/3 the original diameter of outside individual wires.

Polyester Round Slings Codes and Capacities .

When this red wear cord can be readily seen upon inspecting the sling. To assist operators in determining if a sling is stretched. the sling has been stretched and is to be removed.  The sling is stretched.  Melting or charring of any part of the sling’s surface. or cuts. manufacturers incorporate a red wear cord inside of the sling. punctures.  Snags. tears.  Stitching is broken or worn. .Synthetic Web Sling Inspection  Acid or caustic burns on the sling.

Safe Usage Practices Never drag slings across the floor. Always hook with a closed hook arrangement hooks facing out. Slings should be stored off the floor and in a clean. . dry place.

 Always lift loads straight up.  Keep loads balanced to prevent overloading slings.  A sling should not be pulled from under a load when the load is resting on the sling. .  Make sure the hook is always over the center of gravity of the load before lifting it.  Do not force or hammer hooks or chains into position.Safe Usage Practices  Never shock load slings. knotted or kinked chain.  Do not apply a load to a twisted. or pinch a sling between the load and the floor.  Never rest a load on a sling.

• Never shorten a sling with knots. • Protect the chain’s surface from contact with sharp corners.Safe Usage Practices • Hands and Fingers shall not be placed between the sling and the load while the sling is being tightened around the load. • Clean chains regularly as dirt and grit can cause excessive wear at the link bearing points. . bolts or other makeshift devices. which can cause permanent damage through gouging or abnormal stress and wear.

 Remember the effect of sling angles on load capacities.  Properly store slings when finished to avoid damage. removing from service any in question.In Conclusion  Select the right sling for the job.  Inspect slings prior to use. .