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PERCEPTION

PRESENTED TO DR. RUPALI ARORA

PRESENTED BY: ABHISHEK Girdher AMANDEEP KAUR ARUNJEET SINGH MANPREET SINGH

PERCEPTION:
PERCEPTION IS A PROCESS BY WHICH
INDIVIDUALS ORGANIZE AND INTERPRET THEIR SENSORY IMPRESSIONS IN ORDER

TO GIVE MEANING TO THEIR ENVIRONMENT.

NATURE OF PERCEPTION

It refers to interpretation of sensory data. It involves understanding what stimulus means. It is a subjective process, therefore, different people may perceive things differently.

IMPORTANCE OF PERCEPTION
Understanding Human Behaviour: As each person perceives the world differently, we can find out why one individual finds a job satisfying while another one may not be satisfied. Change in behavior: If people behave on the basis of their perception, we can predict their behaviour in changed circumstances. Determining the Need : With the help of perception, needs of various people can be determined, because peoples perception is influenced by their needs.

Factors effecting Perceptions THE OBJECT OF PERCEPTION:


SOME THINGS IN OUR ENVIRONMENT TEND TO ATTRACT ATTENTION. BACKGROUNDS AND SURROUNDINGS OUR SURROUNDINGS AT THE MOMENT OF PERCEPTION WILL AFFECT OUR PERCEPTIONS. THE PERCEIVER WE EACH BRING UNIQUE EXPERIENCES AND PERSONAL POINTS OF VIEW TO EACH SITUATION

PERCEPTUAL PROCESS
PERCEPTUAL INPUT (OBJECT, PERSON OR EVENT) PERCEPTUAL THOUGHTPROCESS (RECEIVING, SELECTING,ORGANIZING & INTERPRETING) PERCEPTUAL OUTPUT (ACTION OR REACTION)

DIFFERENT PEOPLE DIFFERENT


PERCEPTIONS

Some of you will think that the persons are on upward position & Some of you will think that the persons are on downward position

What is in the picture?

From the above picture some of you will perceive there is one old man put hand on his heart & some of you will perceive that there are one old man with middle age lady & dog on the road.

Lets think about the picture

After a Necker cube is perceived from one perspective, it naturally tends to change to the other in about 10 seconds.

What is in the picture?

When you look at the figure you will see either a vase or two faces. If you continue to look, the figure will appear to shift to the alternative organization

What you perceive from this picture?

Some of you will perceive its a man with his saxophone & some of u will perceive its a face of lady

ATTRIBUTION THEORY TWO TYPES OF CAUSES:


1) EXTERNAL

2) INTERNAL

EXTERNAL
SIZE

INTERNAL
LEARNING

INTENSITY

MOTIVATION

REPETITION

PERSONALITY

CONTRAST

MOVEMENT

STEREOTYPING

It means judging someone on the basis of ones perception of the group to which person belongs. Generally a person is likely to categorize others According to some common group characteristics such as sex, race, religion, nationality, occupation or organizational affiliation.

HALO EFFECT

It is judging a person on the basis of single trait which may be good or bad, favorable or unfavorable.
Sometimes we judge a person by its one impression of him or her.