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A distillation column with a total condenser and partial reboiler is separating an ethanol-water mixture(ETOH + H2O). The feed is 20 mol% ethanol and a bottoms composition of 2 mol % ethanol are desired. The external reflux ratio is 5/3. The reflux is returned as a saturated liquid. Find the optimum feed plate location and the total number of equilibrium stages required. Pressure is 101.325 kPa. Solve this problem by graphical method : Ponchon-Savarit method

SOLUTION

DETERMINE???

Feed plate location No. of stages (n)

C

**The reflux is returned
**

as a saturated liquid D

**Setting up first the
**

1 atm

**xD The= 80% mol distillate
**

composition is: (ETOH)

**diagram for Distillation 5 Lo
**

F R=

D = 3

**G 20% mol (ETOH) xF=iven the following compositions xo = 1000 kmols and / hr T conditions of the = 26.7oC
**

feed R

B

XB The = 2% mol bottoms (ETOH) composition is:

**Equilibrium Data for ethanol-water system at 1 atm (mole fraction ethanol)
**

X

0 0.00792 0.02018 0.04167 0.08911 0.14362 0.2069 0.28125 0.36986 0.47727 0.61017 0.77885 0.85976 0.90377 0.95043 1

Y

0 0.08507 0.19146 0.30361 0.42733 0.49293 0.53472 0.56849 0.60131 0.64375 0.69935 0.80219 0.86404 0.9015 0.94564 1

**Using the given Data, we can now
**

illustrate the relationship of water and ethanol using Ponchon-Savarit and MacCabe-Thiele method. X

0 0.04167 0.14362 0.28125 0.47727 0.77885 1

Liquid Enthalpy

(Btu/mol mixture)

Vapor Enthalpy

(Btu/mol mixture)

3241.8 3062.83 2972.87 3180.04 3484.5 3845.42 4094

20700 20738.3 20766.1 20803.5 20825.5 20938.8 21045

**First, making use of Ponchon-Savarit Graphical
**

method in determining the feed plate location and the number of stages.

D

Lo

H

Using the reflux Ratio we can D-H Lo 5 R= = now determine = H - h D 3 D Lo D = 5 3 = D - 21,000 21,000- 2000

V

D

**D = 52,666.67 Btu/ lbmol
**

h Lo

Therefore from the graph we can now determine the feed plate location and the no of equilibrium stages: Feed plate location = 12.7 Total no of equilibrium stages = 14.1

D

**No. of Tie line:
**

V

Saturated Vapor Curve (H)

14.1 14 13 12 11 10 1 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2

L

0

Saturated Liquid Curve (h)

F

B

XB

XF

XD

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