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Transit Oriented Development (Al Sadd)

Hamad Metro station (TOD) hospital

Alifa Muneerudeen, 201304589,Qatar University Masters student (Masters

in Urban Planning and Design)

What is a Transit Oriented Development?

A transit-oriented development (TOD) is a mixed-use residential and
commercial area designed to maximize access to public transport
A TOD neighborhood typically has a center with a transit station or stop
(train station, metro station, tram stop, or bus stop), surrounded by
relatively high-density development with progressively lower-density
development spreading outward from the center.
It includes a mixture of housing, office, retail and/or other amenities
integrated into a walk able neighborhood and located within a half-mile of
quality public transportation.
TODs generally are located within a radius of one-quarter to one-half mile (400
to 800 m) from a transit stop, as this is considered to be an appropriate scale for
A half mile (800 m) corresponds to the distance someone can walk in 10 minutes
at 3 mph (4.8 km/h) and is a common estimate for the distance people will walk to get
to a rail station. The half-mile ring is a little more than 500 acres (2.0 km 2) in

TOD provides pedestrian amenities, such as street trees, landscaping, lighting, pedestrian parks, and
attractive architectural features. These types of amenities result in improved aesthetics, which often leads
to a stronger sense of community and improves quality of life.
Accommodating transit, pedestrian, and bicycle access into the design of new development - reduces
dependence on the automobile and results in reduced traffic congestion, reduced fuel consumption,
improved air quality, and a decrease in demand for new roads.
Accessibility: The most direct benefit of TOD increased accessibility to transit services. When housing,
commercial and employment centers are focused around transit nodes and corridors, people can get
between destinations using transit much more efficiently.
Property values: higher when the land is within 300 feet of Metro stations.
Land use patterns: Transit oriented development promotes high-density, mixed-use and sustainable
land use patterns. That lowers overall land use, preserves green space and prevents automobile-oriented
Transit ridership: Transit oriented development is beneficial for both real estate and transit. When
people live and work within walking distance of a reliable transit stop, ridership greatly increases and
transit investment is financially supported.
Job and housing opportunity: TOD increases transportation options, which in turn, increases
accessibility to jobs and diverse housing choices.

The need for TOD in Doha:

Hamad hospital is located

strategically in Al Sadd (Al
Rayyan road) which allows
easy access to Salwa road,
Mansoura, Ramada signal, Al
Nasr, Msheireb, Corniche,
Souk Waqif , Gharaffa,Bin
Omran, Al Waab etc.
It is imperative to discourage
private vehicle usage
(particularly in this area
which houses the citys main
hospital which caters to all
sorts of emergencies)
Air pollution is a
considerable hazard as well
and so is congestion.

The chosen area is an ideal location for a TOD as it is important to discourage vehicular

CASE STUDY: Dubai Techno Park

Dubai Techno Park Located between Jebel Ali downtown and Free zone
districts and the Dubai World central airport and is only 10-15 minutes away
from cafes and restaurants of Dubai marina and the beaches

Accessed by Dubai Metro red line from Jebel Ali port station , near Sh. Zayed road. Techno park is
located right behind Sh. Zayed road. The metro feeder shuttle buses of Dubai metro also run along this

The project is distinctly divided into 4 zones the technology core, Technology corridor. A mixed Use strip and
The industrial zone on the outskirts.
The first zone houses the main towers , boulevard , A core campus and low rise development buildings.
The area right behind called the technology corridor is where the light manufacturing buildings , residential ,
retail , health care and community amenities are located.

The Mixed use strip highlighted in the image (C) acts

as a gateway from Sh.Zayed road and comprises malls
, retail outlets, showrooms and 8 storey commercial
buildings .
The outer most area is where the manufacturing
industries are located.
The project aims towards true sustainability as it uses
mass rapid transport systems of the metro and feeder
buses to get around.
The project also has a Solar panel and sea pollution
project which is of significance as it is the first in the
region to eliminate pollution and is part of Dubai
Green Initiative.
This project aims to become a TOD making full use of
the Jebel Ali Port station even though vehicular
access would not be restricted.
Cycling lanes and walking areas along with ample
green spaces are provided for recreation along with a
number of coffee shops and retail outlets.

Project Visualization

SITE ANALYSIS: Hamad Hospital Metro Station

The Green Line runs east from Al Riffa to

Al Mansoura in the west. Because it passes
through Education City, the line is also known
as the Education Line. There are eight stations
along this line:
Al Mansoura
The White Palace
Hamad Hospital
Al Messila
Al Rayyan
Al Shaqab
Qatar National Library
Al Riffa
The line is expected to
officially open in 2019.

This area has a mixed population of middle income groups and include the upper middle class tall apartments
as well as some lower scale apartments and commercial buildings. The buildings opposite to Hamad hospitals
are in good condition.

Location: Hamad hospital metro station


The proposed
location of the
station is at the
intersection of
Ahmed bin Ali
street and Al
Rayyan road.

Hamad hospital metro

station site(green)

Metro station on
golden line

Existing Bus


800 m radius:
The area around the 400m
radius has a commercial
hospital complexes, good
quality residential buildings,
The courts building ,
Wyndham Residency
hotel,etc towards sports
Commercial buildings and
restaurants abound the area
of Al Nasr Street towards
Ramada signal .
Hamad hospital still
occupies a major chunk of
the land use.

The area towards Msheireb has

potential for redevelopment.

Bus stations



Recommended design elements considered

Safe pedestrian crossings at intersections
sidewalks provided along 5 wide with a
minimum 3 planting strip
bicycle lanes adjacent to roadways
landscaping and street trees for aesthetic
pedestrian parks, benches, and other
amenities ,awnings and overhangs for weather
protection in open seating areas.
bicycle racks or lockers at major transit

District Circulator Tod :

District circulators facilitate movement within an activity node typically a downtown or a
commercial, medical or educational center.

Circulators promote biking, walking and park once strategies. Streetscape improvements such as wider
sidewalks, street trees, benches and other amenities will encourage pedestrian activity within a district.
District circulators can be a key component of a district-wide parking plan, making it possible to decrease
parking ratios and boost retail sales without providing more parking.
The frequency of service can determine whether a circulator corridor will enhance transit connectivity and
become an organizing principle for development.

Anticipated quality of the

Urban spaces:

Circulators extend the

walk ability of these
districts, making it easier
to access amenities
without a car. Circulators
also connect
neighboring activity
The Main streets house retail outlets and high
rise buildings while the inner streests have
pocket parks which the the buildings are
designed around.

The End