...

© All Rights Reserved

8 views

...

© All Rights Reserved

- Grd10 Q2 K-12 [Electricity and Magnetism] NOTES AND QUESTIONS
- EE prelim
- Physics I - GS111.doc
- Pollock Sol 2
- 24057071 Alexander Bolonkin New Concepts Ideas Innovations in Aerospace Technology and the Human Sciences
- Magnetic abrasive finishing
- AVS Journal 5.1 Fall 2005
- Townsend, Quantum Physics, CHAP_6, QM in 3D
- Muse 117
- Ampere Law
- Magnetic Particle Presentation
- Definitions and Units
- H.K. Moffatt- Magnetic field generation in electrically conducting fluids: Index
- Farnham
- Syllabus Electromagnetism
- Ighina Elios Magnetic Atom
- 7 Induction
- Ee2202 Electromagnetic Theory
- 3 039 schedule
- Atomic Magnetic Leedskalnin Theory

You are on page 1of 23

Magnets

North and South poles of a magnet are the ends

where objects are most strongly attracted

Like poles repel each other and unlike poles

attract each other

Magnetic poles cannot be isolated

o If a permanent magnetic is cut in half repeatedly, you will still

have a north and a south pole

Electrons have spin

o The electrons spin like tops

opposite spins, so their fields

cancel each other

o Why most materials are not

naturally magnetic

do not naturally cancel

o Called ferromagnetic

Domains

are called domains

Random alignment (a) shows an unmagnetized material

An external field is applied, the amount of domains

aligned with B grow (b)

(a)

(b)

Magnetic Fields

A vector quantity (magnitude & direction)

Symbolized by B

A compass can be used to show the direction of the

magnetic field lines (a)

A sketch of the magnetic field lines (b)

Bar

Magnet

Unlike

Poles

Like

Poles

The Earths geographic

north pole corresponds to

a magnetic south pole

o Just north of Hudson Bay in

Canada

south pole corresponds

to a magnetic north pole

Magnetic Field/Force

When moving through a magnetic field, a

force

oThis force has a maximum value when the

charge moves perpendicularly to the magnetic

field lines

oF=qvBsin

The SI unit of magnetic field is the Tesla

(T)

T= Wb = N

= N

m2 C*(m/s) A*m

Wb is a Weber

o1 T = 104 G

Magnetic Fields

Long Straight Wire

A current-carrying wire produces a

magnetic field

The compass needle deflects in

directions tangent to the circle

o The compass needle points in the

direction of the magnetic field produced

by the current

B=o I

2R

o = 4 x 10-7 T.m / A

o o is called the permeability of free

Straight Wire

Right Hand Rule #1

o Grasp the wire in your

right hand

o Point your thumb in the

o Your fingers will curl in

Loop

The strength of a magnetic field

enhanced by forming the wire

into a loop

2nd Right Hand Rule

o Fingers wrap around the loop in

direction of the current

North Pole of the magnet

Loop Equation

The magnitude of the magnetic field at the

center of a circular loop with a radius R

and carrying current I is

B=o I

2R

With N loops in the coil, this becomes

B= N o I

2R

(Coil of Wire)

The field inside the solenoid is nearly

uniform and strong

o The exterior field is nonuniform, weaker,

and the opposite direction to the field

inside

resemble those of a bar magnet

Magnetic Field in a Solenoid

o B = o n I

n is the number of turns per unit length

n = N / (number of loops / meter)

Carrying Conductor

A force is exerted on a current-

field

3rd Right Hand Rule

o Place your fingers in the direction of B

o Your Thumb points in the direction that

the positive charge is moving, v

force, F , on a positive charge

Force on a Wire

3rd right hand rule

o B is into the page (fingers)

o The current is up the page (thumb)

o The force is to the left (palm)

F = B I sin

o is the angle between B and the

direction of I

rule, placing your fingers in the direction

of I instead of v

a Magnetic Field

A particle moving in a magnetic

field so that its velocity is

perpendicular to the field

The magnetic force causes a

centripetal acceleration, changing

the direction of the velocity of the

particle

F = qvB = mv2

r

Parallel Conductors

The force on wire 1 is due to

magnetic field produced by

wire 2

The force per unit length is:

B=o I2

2R

F = B I1 sin

Conductors, cont

Parallel conductors carrying currents in

Parallel conductors carrying currents in

Conventional laboratory magnets

o 25000 G or 2.5 T

Superconducting magnets

o 300000 G or 30 T

o 0.5 G or 5 x 10-5 T

Problems

30.14 An ion (q= +2e) enters a magnetic field of 1.2 Wb/m2 at a velocity of 2.5 x

105 m/s perpendicular to the field. Determine the force on the ion. Ans. 9.6 x 10 -14

N

30.15 Calculate the speed of ions that pass undeflected through crossed E and B

fields for which E = 7.7 kV/m and B = 0.14 T. Am. 55 km/s

30.18 An electron is accelerated from rest through a potential difference of 3750

V. It enters a region where B = 4.0 x 10-3 T perpendicular to its velocity. Calculate

the radius of the path it will follow. Ans. 5.2 cm

31.11 Compute the flux density in air at a point 6.0 cm froth a long straight wire

carrying a current of 9.0 A. Ans. 30T

Problems

31.12 A closely wound, fiat, circular coil of 25 turns of wire has a

diameter of 10 cm and carries a current of 4.0 A. Determine the value of

B at its center. Ans. 1.3 x 10-3 Wb/m2

Compute B in its interior when a current of 0.25 A exists in the winding.

Ans. 2.5 mT

31.15 Two long parallel wires are 4 cm apart and carry currents of 2 A

and 6 A in the same direction. Compute the force between the wires per

meter of wire length. Ans. 6 x l0-5 N/m, attraction

Problems

31.16 Two long fixed parallel wires, A and B, are 10 cm apart in air and carry 40 A and 20 A

respectively, in opposite directions. Determine the resultant field (a) on a line midway

between the wires and parallel to them and (b) on a line 8.0 cm from wire A and 18 cm from

wire B. (c) What is the force per meter on a third long wire, midway between A and B and in

their plane, when it carries a current of 5.0 A in the same direction as the current in A? Ans.

(a) 2.4 x10-4 T; (b) 7.8 x10-5 T; (c) 1.2 x10-3 N/m, toward A

31.18 A certain electromagnet consists of a solenoid (5.0 cm long with 200 loops) wound on

a soft-iron core that intensifies the field 130 times. (We say that the relative permeability of

the iron is 130.) Find B within the iron when the current in the solenoid is 0.30 A. Ans. 0.20 T

30.21 A straight wire 15 cm long, carrying a current of 6.0 A, is in a uniform field of 0.40 T.

What is the force on the wire when it is (a) at right angles to the field and (b) at 30 to the

field? Ans. (a) 0.36 N; (b) 0.18 N

- Grd10 Q2 K-12 [Electricity and Magnetism] NOTES AND QUESTIONSUploaded byIonacer Viper
- EE prelimUploaded byedwinjayar
- Physics I - GS111.docUploaded byAsghar Hussain Shah
- Pollock Sol 2Uploaded byudashaoa
- 24057071 Alexander Bolonkin New Concepts Ideas Innovations in Aerospace Technology and the Human SciencesUploaded byCody Harrison
- Magnetic abrasive finishingUploaded byMohamed Omar
- AVS Journal 5.1 Fall 2005Uploaded bymichael_landgraf
- Townsend, Quantum Physics, CHAP_6, QM in 3DUploaded byElcan Diogenes
- Muse 117Uploaded byEternal12
- Ampere LawUploaded bysreekarw
- Magnetic Particle PresentationUploaded byJayesh
- Definitions and UnitsUploaded byViviane Hijazi
- H.K. Moffatt- Magnetic field generation in electrically conducting fluids: IndexUploaded byOsdfm
- FarnhamUploaded byVikash Aggarwal
- Syllabus ElectromagnetismUploaded byFelix Ezegbe Osinachi
- Ighina Elios Magnetic AtomUploaded byCalzaPupazzo
- 7 InductionUploaded bygarbage94
- Ee2202 Electromagnetic TheoryUploaded byBenish Cm
- 3 039 scheduleUploaded byapi-248229555
- Atomic Magnetic Leedskalnin TheoryUploaded byoveryounity
- Magnetic Lifting Machine 9Uploaded byCNEMW
- Solucinario Serway 30Uploaded byLeonidas Miano
- 2015_SP_12_physics_14.pdfUploaded byShantanuSingh
- Electromagnetic TheoryUploaded bytarun_mishra876
- SEMESTER 3 fsdE(2)Uploaded byshaheerdurrani
- Phy 1 (7)Uploaded byGarlapati Srinivasa Rao
- 3 Ways to Determine the Strength of Magnets - WikiHowUploaded byAnonymous P5qwnfhl
- Full Text 01Uploaded byBalakrushna Sahu
- CLOTHES DRYER WITH ANTI-STATIC 2,568,068 9/1951 Harpman............................ 31712 R MAGNETUploaded byLaura Hernandez Bonilla
- JacksonUploaded byAnonymous uwL4JRIf

- Log.201901302312323 - Copy - Copy - Copy - Copy - CopyUploaded byIvan Gonzales
- Log.201901302312323 - Copy - Copy - Copy - Copy - Copy - CopyUploaded byIvan Gonzales
- log.201903243 - CopyUploaded byIvan Gonzales
- log.20323Uploaded byIvan Gonzales
- importlineweights-dwg-ISO13567Uploaded byToma Radu
- log.201901302312323 - Copy - Copy - Copy - CopyUploaded byIvan Gonzales
- log.201901302312323 - Copy - Copy - CopyUploaded byIvan Gonzales
- log.201901302312323 - Copy - CopyUploaded byIvan Gonzales
- log.201901302312323 - CopyUploaded byIvan Gonzales
- log.201901302312323Uploaded byIvan Gonzales
- log.201901302312323.txtUploaded byIvan Gonzales
- Site and Weather Station Name 2432423Uploaded byIvan Gonzales
- importlineweights-dwg-default.txtUploaded byIvan Gonzales
- TUTORIAL.txtUploaded byIvan Gonzales
- EulaUploaded byBluo's Clues
- 1 Handed Sword.txtUploaded byIvan Gonzales
- 1 Handed Sword.txtUploaded byIvan Gonzales
- Do Not TraceUploaded byConnie Rothschild
- wowUploaded byPrasdian Anugrah
- proiect psihoUploaded bySeby Ghost
- BenchmarkUploaded byIvan Gonzales
- 8IJN8I3A23413914Uploaded byIvan Gonzales
- 8IJN8I3A23413914.txtUploaded byIvan Gonzales
- log.201901302313Uploaded byIvan Gonzales
- Australia and the Pacific IslandsUploaded byIvan Gonzales
- Lot Plan Angeles City HallUploaded byIvan Gonzales

- Ford Spot Weld SpecUploaded byJonathan Davies
- Near Field RefUploaded byErnest Emery Richards
- Non Destructive InspectionUploaded bysusanweb
- Flow NetsUploaded byrocky21st
- Using Msc.nastran for Explicit Fem SimulationsUploaded byArief Budi Silogisme
- Optical Communications U2 [Www.jntumaterials.in]Uploaded bysandeepkiranv
- ITP Thrust Runner Forging Proof Machining SUploaded bykoradiakishan
- Mathematical Description of Deformational Behavio of High Strength Concrete Reinforced With Steel Fiber Under Triaxial CompressionUploaded byAlejandro Rodríguez
- Design Analyses for a Large-Span Tunnel in Weak RockUploaded bymoomeejee
- Catalogo Tuberias APIUploaded byexergic
- @Gergaji Listrik E-catalogue - Lkpp(2)Uploaded by111280
- Dual Driven BfpUploaded bytsrinivasan5083
- Electrochemistry EncyclopediaUploaded bydavid2404
- Levi TronUploaded byLalitaa Padmanabhan
- Fracture in Brittle and Ductile MaterialsUploaded byAmit Pawar
- Plug Flow ReactorUploaded byacad1993
- Simultaneous Determination of Paracetamol and 4 Aminophenol Ba 2016 ElectrocUploaded byNicolae Camelia
- chapter 18 lesson 1 notes+lesson review+worksheetUploaded byAlaa Taha
- CLSP Science Curriculum Framework_Year 9Uploaded bykotlicas
- cfx-chtUploaded bygmani
- 06514146-I2-C01AL-P2Uploaded byKhoai Sai Gon
- Chillers CatalogueUploaded byAlaa Faiq
- Internship Report of M AZHAR IQBALUploaded byAzhar Iqbal Jutt
- Official Syllabus on ThermodynamicsUploaded byTotTayaOi
- Satellite Anomalies 1 - NoaaUploaded bykirancalls
- Raj Cyclone SeperatorUploaded bymaddukuri jagadeesh babu
- !Thorough, 86 Pages! Recent Advances in Nonlinear Passive Vibration IsolatorsUploaded byCristina Cojocea
- Preliminary Trial to Investigate Temperature of the iPulse Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) Glass Transmission Block - C Ash, G Town, GR MartinUploaded byCaerwyn Ash
- 937042Uploaded byJAY B
- average voltage, energy density, and specific energy of lithium-ion batteries.pdfUploaded bytyanfeng