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-1

-1-1 :

) Br2(aq ) Cu(s
2

) Cu (s) Br2(aq) Cu (aq K 1, 25.1025


)2Br(aq
:
2

Cu (aq) 2Br(aq)
.
-2-1 :
)(
.
e I
:
I
A
)(1,5V
e

e
+

Zn

K Br +

2
Zn SO24

Br2

Zn

Br
Br

Zn 2

Zn
Zn 2


Br2

Zn 2
Zn 2

Br Br

SO 24

:
Cu
.
:
+K +Cu2 - ) (Cu2
)Cu (aq
+Cu2 2e Cu (s):
SO 24 Br +
)

)2Br(aq
Br Br2 2e:
(
2

Cu 2Br Cu Br2:
) -1
(-1 )(
: .

-2 .

t Q .

Q = I.t : Q n(e ).F : ) n(e mol


: F = 96500 C.mol-1 .

Q I.t n(e ).F :


2
)Cu (aq
: +Cu2 2e Cu (s):

) n(Cu ) n(e
.

n(e ) 1 I.t

n(Cu)
2 F
2
)m(Cu) n(Cu).M(Cu

)m(Cu
)I.t.M(Cu
)n(Cu

m(Cu)
:
)M(Cu
2.F
. t = 1min I = 0,9A M(Cu) = 63,5gmol-1 F = 96500 Cmol-1 :
m(Cu) = 1,77.10-2g = 17,7mg

)(Na. (aq
) Cl(aq
-3 )

-1-3 :
Cl2

+

(
Na
)+Cl
e

I
.

-2-3:

+
Cl
Cl2
2Cl Cl 2 2e :
Cl2 / Cl :

H2O
2H 2 O 2e H 2 :
2OH
H 2O / H 2 :

H2

e
I


)Na+
(-+Cl

2H 2 O 2Cl H 2 Cl 2 2OH :

-2 .
... Al Zn Cu : .
... Cl2 H2:
) ( .
) ( )
(. :

C6 H12 O6 6O 2 6CO 2 6H 2O
: 6CO 2 6H 2 O C6 H12O 6 6O 2 :
9 139