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Engineering and
Information Systems
A conceptual blueprint
or plan that expresses the
desired future structure
for the information
systems in an
Architecture example

Business Integrated
Operations CIM
data warehouse

Data Access
Customers EDI validation analysis and
& Suppliers and presentation
retention tools

External External Information

Events database
access delivery system
Decision makers
Customers, Suppliers
A more sophisticated example...
Information Systems Architecture
 Keycomponents:
processes which manipulate data
network which transports data
people who perform processes and send and
receive data
events and points in time when processes are
reasons for events and rules which govern data
Information Engineering

An Information Systems
Architecture is developed
by IS planners following
a particular methodology
such as Information
Information Engineering
 Data-oriented methodology
 Uses top-down planning in which specific
information systems are deduced from a broad
understanding of organization’s information
needs, rather than relying on specific user
information requests
 Offersperspective on relationship of information
systems to business objectives
Top-Down vs. Bottom-Up

Top-Down Planning: Bottom-Up Planning:

A methodology that A methodology that
attempts to gain a identifies and defines IS
broad understanding development projects based
of the information upon solving operational
system needs of the business problems or taking
entire organization advantage of business
The big picture...
Information engineering
Information systems planning
Identify strategic planning factors (goals,
CSFs, problem areas)
IT vision
Identify corporate planning objectives
Information system architecture
Develop enterprise model
Systems analysis
Systems design