Water Resources Development in India

Water Resources
(In Billion Cubic Meter)

Total rainfall Total Water Availability Total Utilizable Water Surface water Ground water Total

4000 1869

690 432 1122

Irrigation Development (In million ha) Ultimate Irrigation Potential Potential created upto March.16 .00 44.95 37.Ground water Target X Plan 139.90 15.2002 Major & medium Projects Minor Irrigation .Surface water .05 12.89 93.

64 161.Storage Created (In Billion Cubic Meter) Live Storage created Pre-plan Created during plan periods (up to 8 th Plan Cumulative up to 8 th Plan Live storage in projects under construction Live storage contemplated through projects under consideration 15.32 .45 132.73 75.09 176.

Per Capita Storage (Cubic Meter) Russia Australia Brazil China India 6103 4333 3145 1111 262 .

Challenges in Water Resources .

Per Capita Water Availability (Cubic Meter Per Year) 1951 1991 2001 2025 2050 5177 2209 1820 1341 1140 .

Water Demand (In Billion Cubic Metre) Present Demand Total Anticipated Demand In 2010 In 2025 In 2050 605 813 1093 1447 .

Demands of various Sectors (In percentag Sector Irrigation Domestic Industries Power others Evaporation losses 1997 83 4 3 2 2 6 2010 78 6 5 3 2 6 2025 72 7 8 4 2 6 2050 68 9 7 6 3 7 .

erosion of fertile soil cover -.10 ha m/100 km2 /year •Sedimentation leading to: .65 to 21.Sedimentation problem • Sedimentation rate very due to young formation of Himalayan ranges •Sedimentation rate in India varies from 4.shorter life of reservoirs .

Issues Requiring Immediate Attention .

reduction in storage capacity > 50% .Reduction in Storage of Reservoirs Result of survey of 114 reservoirs indicates: • More than 25% reduction in useful capacity in 47 reservoirs • In some cases.

Ground Water Exploitation •158 Blocks dark • 305 over exploited • Concentration of dark & overexploited blocks in Rajasthan. Tamilnadu. Haryana & Gujarat . Punjab.

Water Quality Riverine Length (km) High Pollution Moderate Pollution Relatively clean 6086 8691 30242 .

Poor Efficiency •Efficiency of irrigation system relatively very low •Present level of efficiency -surface water: 35-40% -.ground water: 65-70% • Scope for further improvement -surface water: 60% -.Ground water: 75% .

What Next? .

Efficient Use of Water • Appropriate techniques for optimizing water use efficiency •Scientific water management and farm practices •Measures to minimize water loss .

Better Management Practices • Awareness and peoples participation •Rotational irrigation (warabandi) •River basin organizations .

Major schemes of MoWR • Accelerated Irrigation Benefit programme •Command area development & Water Management Programmes •Renovation & restoration of Water Bodies • Rain water harvesting and recharge of Ground water (In Pipeline) .

Thank You .

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