2010-09

Security Level: Internal Use

LTE system principle

www.huawei.com

Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.,Ltd. All rights reserved

Objectives

Upon completion of this course, you will be able to :

Know the backgrounds of evolution Know system architecture of LTE Know key features of LTE

Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.,Ltd. All rights reserved

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References
  

3GPP TS 《36.401》
3GPP TS 《36.101》 3GPP TS 《36.211》

Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.,Ltd. All rights reserved

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Contents
1. Overview 2. LTE system architecture 3. LTE key features

Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.,Ltd. All rights reserved

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Contents
1. Overview 2. LTE system architecture 3. LTE key features

Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.,Ltd. All rights reserved

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. All rights reserved .Mobile communications standards landscape Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved.. Ltd. Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.Ltd.

. 3GPP R8 is released as the first specs of LTE Release 99 UMTS 2Mbit/s Release 6 HS UP A 5.2kbit/s Release 9/10 LTE Advanced GS M 9.6kbit/s Phase 1 E DGE 473. All rights reserved.Ltd. Ltd.4Mbit/s Release 5 HS A+ P 28..3GPP Releases  3GPP is working on two approaches for 3G evolution: the LTE and the HSPA Evolution  HSPA Evolution is aimed to be backward compatible while LTE do not need to be backward compatible with WCDMA and HSPA  By the end of 2007. All rights reserved Page 7 .8Mbit/s 42Mbit/s Release 7/8 Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.6kbit/s Release 99 HS DP A 14.76Mbit/s Release 8 LTE +300Mbit/s Phase 2+ (Release 97) GP S R 171. Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.

All rights reserved Page 8 . All rights reserved. UMTS 150Mbps /20MHz FDD LTE /20MHz Relay CDMA 42Mbps /5MHz 84Mbps /10MHz 4x4 MIMO DC 2x2 MIMO 4x4 MIMO TD-SCDMA 21Mbps /5MHz 28Mbps /5MHz 2x2 MIMO 2x2 MIM O 64QAM OFDM OFD M 64QAM 64QAM OFDM TDD LTE WiMAX 2x2 64QAM MIMO 64QAM 64QAM LTE will be the natural migration choice for mobile operators.Ltd.2Gbps /80MHz Spectral Efficiency New Key Tech Title 300Mbps . Ltd.. Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co..LTE will be the Single Global Standard GSM 700M 800M 850M 900M 1500M 1700M 1800M 1900M 2100M 2300M 2600M …… >1. Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.

Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.6G Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.Ltd. All rights reserved .SDR Facilitating Smooth Evolution  Spectrum for LTE LTE 2600MHz  Smooth Transition to LTE GSM+UMTS SDR SDR LTE 2100MHz UMTS GSM 1800MHz GSM GSM UMTS LTE 2010 2011 2012 LTE LTE mRRU MRFU 900MHz 800MHz LTE SDR SDR GSM+LTE  Spectrum refarming starts from 900M/1800M.  SDR technology supports flexible and smooth transition from 2G/3G to LTE.. which can be utilized for LTE deployment. Technolog y GSM UMTS LTE 800M 900M 1800M 2100M 2. Ltd.. All rights reserved.

10. Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. when operating in 20MHz spectrum allocation)    Improved spectral efficiency Seamless mobility. 3. All rights reserved . 15 and 20 MHz) to meet the complicated spectrum situation requirement   Simplified network architecture Reasonable power consumption for the mobile terminal.4. in terms of both connection establishment (less then 100ms) and transmission latency (less then 10ms)  Increased user data rates: (Peak data-rate requirements are 100 Mbit/s and 50 Mbit/s for downlink and uplink respectively. All rights reserved.Ltd. Ltd. 5.. including between different radio-access technologies Supporting flexible spectrum allocation (1.. Page 10 Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.LTE requirements and targets  Reduced delays.

.LTE technical features  The LTE downlink transmission scheme is based on downlink OFDMA and uplink SC-FDMA  LTE adopts shared-channel transmission.. All rights reserved. 15 and 20 MHz  Support SON Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. 3. in which the timefrequency resource is dynamically shared between users. All rights reserved Page 11 . This is similar to the approach taken in HSDPA   Fast hybrid ARQ with soft combining is used in LTE MIMO is supported by LTE.Ltd.4. Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. 5. basically this is Spatial multiplexing which can increase data rate prominently  LTE supports flexible spectrum allocation in terms of duplex arrangement which support both FDD and TDD and bandwidth allocations which ranges 1. 10.

101 for details..9GHz.Ltd. 900 MHz.  Transmission bandwidth could be: Channel bandwidth BWChannel [MHz] Transmission bandwidth configuration NRB 1. 1. All rights reserved Channel edge Resource block Active Resource Blocks DC carrier (downlink only) Page 12 . Ltd. 1. 2. All rights reserved.6GHz.1GHz.4 6 3 15 5 25 10 50 15 75 20 100 Channel Bandwidth [MHz] Transmission Bandwidth Configuration [RB] Transmission Bandwidth [RB] Channel edge Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.. 800 MHz. refer to 36. 450 MHz. etc .LTE frequency bands  LTE is designed to operate in these frequency bands:  2. Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.7GHz.

All rights reserved Page 13 .9 2170 1500. All rights reserved.9 1770 1452. Ltd..9 746 756 768 0 600 1200 1950 2400 2650 2750 3450 3800 4150 4750 5000 5180 5280 0-599 600-1199 1200-1949 1950-2399 2400-2649 2650-2749 2750-3449 3450-3799 3800-4149 4150-4749 4750-4999 5000-5179 5180-5279 5280-5379 NOffs-DL NDL FUL_low (MHz) 1920 1850 1710 1710 824 830 2500 880 1749.LTE Release 8 Bands Band Duplex FDL_low (MHz) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 FDD FDD FDD FDD FDD FDD FDD FDD FDD FDD FDD FDD FDD FDD 2110 1930 1805 2110 869 875 2620 925 1844. Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.9 716 787 798 18000 18600 19200 19950 20400 20650 20750 21450 21800 22150 22750 23000 23180 23280 18000-18599 18600-19199 19200-19949 19950-20399 20400-20649 20650-20749 20750-21449 21450-21799 21800-22149 22150-22749 22750-22999 23000-23179 23180-23279 23280-23379 NOffs-UL NUL 17 FDD 734 746 5730 5730-5849 704 716 23730 23730-23849 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 TDD TDD TDD TDD TDD TDD TDD TDD 1900 2010 1850 1930 1910 2570 1880 2300 1920 2025 1910 1990 1930 2620 1920 2400 26000 26200 26350 26950 27550 27750 28250 28650 36000-36199 36200-36349 36350-36949 36950-37549 37550-37749 37750-38249 38250-38649 38650-39649 1900 2010 1850 1930 1910 2570 1880 2300 1920 2025 1910 1990 1930 2620 1920 2400 36000 36200 36350 36950 37550 37750 38250 38650 36000-36199 36200-36349 36350-36949 36950-37549 37550-37749 37750-38249 38250-38649 38650-39649 Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.9 1710 1427.9 728 746 758 FDL_high (MHz) 2170 1990 1880 2155 894 885 2690 960 1879..Ltd.9 2110 1475.9 698 777 788 FUL_high (MHz) 1980 1910 1785 1755 849 840 2570 915 1784.

1(NUL .Carrier Frequency EARFCN Calculation FDL = FDL_low + 0.1(NDL .NOffs-DL) eNB FUL = FUL_low + 0.. All rights reserved. Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved Page 14 . Ltd.NOffs-UL) UE Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co..Ltd.

4MHz 2127. Ltd.. Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.1(NDL ..4MHz FDL = FDL_low + 0. All rights reserved Page 15 .NOffs-DL) NDL = NDL = (FDL .Ltd. All rights reserved.Example 100kHz Raster Uplink Downlink 1937.1 Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.FDL_low ) 0.1 + NOffs-DL Frequency (2127.4 .2110) + 0 = 174 0.

org  The specification document for LTE is 36 series.3gpp.1xx series is about the physical layer general aspect 36.Ltd.huawei. X2 )    Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.. http://szxmir01-in. All rights reserved Page 16 . Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.3gpp. All rights reserved.2xx series is about radio interface physical layer 36.com/www.. inherits the structure of UTRAN 25 series:  36.org/www.3xx series is about the radio interface layer 2 and 3 36.4xx series is about the terrestrial interfaces (S1.LTE standardization and specifications  Huawei mirror site for 3GPP specifications.

Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved Page 17 . Overview 2.. LTE key features Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd..Contents 1. LTE system architecture 3. All rights reserved.Ltd.

Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd... All rights reserved X2 S1 S1 X2 S1 E-UTRAN .Ltd.LTE System architecture UMTS LTE MME / S-GW MME / S-GW X2 eNB eNB S1 eNB  LTE: simplified IP flat architecture  Less equipment node and easier deployment Less transmission delay and easier O&M S1 and X2 interfaces are based on a full IP transport stack Page 18   Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved.

Ltd.Ltd. All rights reserved . the Evolved Packet Core is at the same time developed. which generally is called System Architecture Evolution.. All rights reserved.. and migrate away from the circuit-switched domain HSS eNodeB MME S1-MME S6a Gxc S11 Rx Gx PCRF Control plane User plane LTE -Uu X2 S1-U S1-MME eNodeB S1-U S5 SGi P-GW Operator's IP Service S-GW UE LTE SAE Page 19 Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.LTE-SAE System architecture  An evolved core network.  The philosophy of the SAE is to focus on the packet-switched domain. Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.

Ltd. Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.E-UTRAN functions  Transfer of user data Radio channel ciphering and deciphering  Inter-cell interference coordination Connection setup and release Load Balancing Distribution function for NAS messages     Integrity protection Header compression Mobility control functions Handover     NAS node selection function Synchronization Radio access network sharing MBMS function     Paging Positioning   Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. All rights reserved Page 20 . All rights reserved...

Overview 2. All rights reserved Page 21 ... Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved.Contents 1. LTE key features Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.Ltd. Ltd. TE system architecture 3.

All rights reserved. multiple signals could be transmitted in parallel over the same radio link.Ltd. Ltd. the overall data rate can be increased up to M times. All rights reserved Page 22 .  Due to the fact that two modulated OFDM subcarriers are mutually orthogonal...Basic principles of OFDM  Transmission by means of OFDM can be seen as a kind of multi-carrier transmission. Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Guard Band Subcarrier Frequency Channel Bandwidth Frequency Channel Bandwidth Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.

All rights reserved Page 23 . In a multi-path environment. Ltd.Ltd. Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. a shorter symbol period leads to a greater chance for Inter-Symbol Interference (ISI).Why use OFDM?  Efficient use of radio spectrum includes placing modulated carriers as close as possible without causing Inter-Carrier Interference (ICI)  In order to transmit high data rates..  It also provides a high date rate with a long symbol duration.  Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) addresses both of these problems:  OFDM provides a technique allowing the bandwidths of modulated carriers to overlap without interference (no ICI). All rights reserved. short symbol periods must be used. Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. thus helping to eliminate ISI..

the sampling rate is fs =1/Ts =N ·f=30720000Hz S ubcarrier Modulation Inverse F ast F ourier Transform Coded Bits S erial to P arallel IF T F R F Complex Waveform S ubcarrier Demodulation F ast F ourier Transform P arallel to S erial C oded Bits R eceiver F T F Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.OFDM implementation by IFFT/FFT  OFDM modulation implementation in LTE  Normally . Ltd. Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved Page 24 .. and IFFT bin size N=2048.Ltd.assume LTE sub carrier frequency f =1/Tu=15khz. All rights reserved..

All rights reserved.92MHz 3.LTE Channel and FFT Sizes Channel FFT Size Bandwidth 1.Ltd.72MHz Subcarrier Sampling Rate Bandwidth 1.. All rights reserved Page 25 . Ltd.68MHz Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.4MHz 3MHz 5MHz 10MHz 15MHz 20MHz 128 256 512 15kHz 1024 1536 2048 15.36MHz 23.84MHz 7..04MHz 30.

Ltd.. Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.Cyclic-prefix insertion Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved. All rights reserved Page 26 .. Ltd.

Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. At the receiver side. as long as the span of the time dispersion is shorter than the cyclic-prefix length. Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.Ltd.. Ltd.. the corresponding samples are discarded before OFDM demodulation  Subcarrier orthogonality will then be preserved also in case of a time-dispersive channel. increasing the block length from N to N +NCP. All rights reserved Page 27 . cyclic-prefix insertion is typically used in case of OFDM transmission  The last NCP samples of the IFFT output block of length N is copied and inserted at the beginning of the block.Cyclic-prefix insertion   Time dispersion on the radio channel may cause ISI To deal with this problem. All rights reserved.

Ltd.67µs ~ 33. All rights reserved Page 28 . 1.406km ~ 5km ~ 10km Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.208µs ~ 4.562km ~ 1..Downlink CP Parameters Configuration Normal Cyclic Prefix Extended Cyclic Prefix ∆f = 15kHz CP Length (Ts) 160 for slot 0 144 for slot 1. Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.688µs ~16. 1. …5 1024 for 0.5kHz 512 for slot 0.. …6 ∆f = 15kHz ∆f = 7. All rights reserved. 2.33 µs Delay Spread ~ 1. 2 Time ~ 5.Ltd.

long symbol duration is used.. All rights reserved Page 29 . Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. inter-symbol interference could be minimized  OFDM is flexible in allocating power and rate optimally among narrowband sub-carriers (scheduling)  Frequency diversity could be enabled due to the wide spectrum Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co..Ltd.the bandwidth of each subcarrier would be adjacent to its neighbors.Advantage of OFDM  High spectrum efficiency . thus OFDMA is more tolerant to multi-path environment and better entitled to eliminate ISI (inter symbol interference)  Especially with a cyclic prefix. so there would be no wasted spectrum  With multiple subcarriers transmitting in parallel. Ltd. All rights reserved.

Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. due to the high importance of low mobile-terminal power consumption and cost.. Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. which greatly decrease the efficiency of the linear amplifiers  This is especially critical for the uplink.Peak to Average Power Ratio PAPR (Peak to Average Power Ratio) Issue Amplitude OFDM S ymbol Peak Average Time  The drawback of OFDM is the high peak-to-average ratio of the transmitted signal. All rights reserved. Ltd.Ltd. All rights reserved Page 30 ..

SC-FDMA is just the DFT-S-OFDM. All rights reserved Page 31 .Ltd. The localized RB distribution makes each user occupy consecutive part of the whole bandwidth. which can be seen as an OFDM system with a DFT pre-coding. which looks like a single carrier. Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd..SC-FDMA in uplink  SC-FDMA. All rights reserved.. such as multicarrier technology and guard interval protected symbol. Time Domain Frequency Domain Time Domain 0 0 0 0 IDFT  S ymbols DFT S ubcarrier Mapping CP Insertion 0 0 0 Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. which has much in common with OFDMA. but much higher power amplifier efficiency (lower PAPR) is adopt in uplink.

All rights reserved Page 32 .Ltd.. Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.OFDM used in LTE Radio Channel TDD FDD eNB Radio Channel UE UE OFDM (OFDMA) eNB OFDM UE (SC-FDMA) Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. All rights reserved..

All rights reserved. Frequency Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co... All rights reserved Page 33 .Ltd.Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access Power Time OFDM A Each user allocated a different resource which can vary in time and frequency. Ltd. Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.

which is similar to OFDM Higher spectral efficiency compare with traditional single carrier technology.OFDMA used in LTE.FDMA)   Save terminal’s cost & power consumption Lower PAPR modulation technology: DFT-S-OFDM..  DL: OFDMA (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access)     Anti multi-path interference Anti frequency selective fading Higher spectrum efficiency Easy to cooperate with MIMO for higher throughput  Flexible multi-users scheduling  UL: SC-FDMA (Single Carrier . LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 34 .  HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

TCP= 144 x Ts = 4.6875µs Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved Page 35 . All rights reserved. Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.Downlink PRB Parameters Configuration Normal Cyclic Prefix Extended Cyclic Prefix ∆f = 15kHz ∆f = 15kHz ∆f = 7.Ltd.g. NCP = 144..5kHz 12 6 24 3 NSCRB NSymbDL 7 • Normal CP Configuration Larger first CP when Normal CP is configured DL Nsymb OF DM S ymbols (= 7 for Normal CP ) 0 160 2048 144 1 2048 144 2 2048 144 3 2048 144 4 2048 144 5 2048 144 6 2048 E .. Ltd.

All rights reserved Page 36 . All rights reserved. Modulated OFDM Symbol Amplitude Time Cyclic Prefix Frequency OFDM Symbol Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.OFDM Symbol Mapping OFDM A E ach user allocated a different resource which can vary in time and frequency..Ltd. Ltd..

Ltd.. All rights reserved. scheduling decisions can be taken as often as once every 1 ms and the granularity in the frequency domain is 180 kHz Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. as HSPA. but also in the frequency domain  For LTE. Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.. All rights reserved Page 37 . the time-frequency resource is dynamically shared between users  LTE can take channel variations into account not only in the time domain.Channel-dependent scheduling  Basically LTE uses shared-channel transmission.Ltd. similar to HSDPA.

.  Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.Ltd. The data streams are simultaneously transmitted from multiple antennas through the spatial dimensions. Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. and received by multiple antennas. All rights reserved.. through different radio channels.Multi-Antenna Technique — MIMO Receive diversity: SIMO Transmit diversity: MISO Multi-antenna reception and transmission: MIMO Fundamentals of MIMO:   The data to be sent will be divided into multiple concurrent data streams. Ltd. All rights reserved Page 38 . And then can be restored to the original data according to the spatial signature of each data stream.

singleantenna port (port 5) Dual-antenna port: Dualstream BF 8 MIMO modes specified in 3GPP LTE standard Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.MIMO Modes Transmission Mode Mode 1 Mode 2 Mode 3 Mode 4 Transmission scheme single-antenna port (port 0) transmit diversity open-loop space division multiplexing Closed-loop spatial multiplexing Reference It is compatible with single-antenna transmission It weakens the interference caused by channel fading and is applicable within low SINR environment It increases the peak rate and is applicable within high rate and SINR environment It is weighted according to the channel characteristics. All rights reserved Page 39 . increases the peak rate... Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved. Ltd.Ltd. and is applicable within low rate but high SINR environment It improves cell throughput It increases cell coverage It weakens interference and increases cell coverage It increases cell throughput Mode 5 Mode 6 Mode 7 Mode 8 Multi-user MIMO Closed-loop precoding with rank of 1 Beamforming.

. Spatial multiplexing gain: It doubles the rate within the same bandwidth after spatial orthogonal channels are constructed.Advantages of MIMO  Array gain: It increases the transmit power and can be used for beamforming.Ltd. All rights reserved Page 40 .   Data Streaming MIMO Channel Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved. Diversity gain: It weakens the interference caused by channel fading. Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.. Ltd.

All rights reserved. Ltd.  Increase the UL spectrum efficiency.Ltd... Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved Page 41 . Features  The uplink channels of paired users must be with good orthogonality to each other to prevent interference. Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.  Multi-users use the same timefrequency resource.UL Virtual MIMO Benefits  Improve the overall uplink cell throughput.

Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.15 46.Ltd.87 23.88 9.40% 35.12% 14.xx%: Gain 46.09 15.03 17.4 13.34% 12. All rights reserved.36 2x2 MIMO eNodeB UE 1 ISD:500m Speed:3km/h ISD:500m Speed:30km/h ISD:1732m Speed:30km/h xx.23 12.15% 16. Ltd.MIMO--the Key to Improve Cell Throughput 1x2 SIMO Throughput (Mbps) xx.. All rights reserved Page 42 .94% 34.18 SIMO MIMO Throughput (Mbps) 56..xx%: Gain eNode B UE 1 Macr o L LL T TT EEE 18.42 SIMO MIMO 28.68% 26.24 24.15 Micro In typical urban area: 15%~28% gain over SIMO @ Macro ~50% gain over SIMO @ Micro Outdoor-to-Indoor Outdoor-to-Outdoor Speed: 3km/h Speed: 3km/h Outdoor-to-Outdoor Speed: 30km/h Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.

. Ltd.Ltd.s.s. All rights reserved Page 43 .. 1x2 SIMO: 23%~90% increasing in edge user ~50% gain in average cell throughput throughput Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved. Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. 2x2 MIMO: ~ 50% gain in average cell 23%~90% increasing in edge user throughput throughput  2x4 MU-MIMO v.More Gains through Higher-order MIMO DL 4×4 MIMO UL 2×4 MU-MIMO eNodeB UE 1 UE 1 eNodeB UE 2  4x4 MIMO v.

16QAM. Huawei Confidential Page44 . and 64QAM  Turbo code Features  Provide higher-data-rate services  Significantly improve the system throughput  Improve user’s experience  High-order modulation scheme used within excellent channel condition HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Adaptive Modulation and Coding  Radio-link data rate is controlled by adjusting the modulation scheme and/or the channel coding rate  Modulations: QPSK. LTD.AMC & 64QAM • AMC..

.Ltd.OFDM Signal Generation Antenna Ports Resource Element Mapper OFDM Signal Generation OFDM Signal Generation Codewords Layers Modulation Mapper Layer Mapper Scrambling Precoding Resource Element Mapper Scrambling Modulation Mapper Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.. All rights reserved. All rights reserved Page 45 .

.5.4. All rights reserved Page 46 .Inter-cell interference coordination  By restricting the transmission power of parts of the spectrum in one cell.7 Power Frequency 1 1 6 5 5 9 4 8 Cell 2. All rights reserved. the interference seen in the neighbouring cells in this part of the spectrum will be reduced. Ltd.Ltd.9 Frequency Different subband allocated for different cell edge users among cells   Reducing the DL inter-cell interference among neighbor cells 30~50% throughput increased for cell edge users (<50% load) Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.. This part of the spectrum can then be used to provide higher data rates for users in the neighbouring cell 4 2 2 7 6 3 3 Cell 1.8 Power Frequency Power Cell 7 3.6.

SON saves both CAPEX & OPEX. & Maintenance Network Upgrade and evolution Self-Organising Network (SON) •SON effectively reduces human intervention in deployment and operation stage.LTE Key Technologies -SON Deployment Stage Network Planning & Design Self-Planning Installation & Initial Tuning Self-Config.. Operation & Maintenance Stage Network Operation & Maintenance Self-Optiz. Huawei Confidential Page 47 . LTD. Thus. •SON with ICIC : SON helps inter-cell interference coordination to improve cell edge throughput and user experience eNB 1 eNB 2 eNB 3 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Network Performance Improvement Self-optimiz.

SON Improving Operation Efficiency Planning Phase Deploymen t Phase Optimization Phase Maintenance Phase Automatic Network Planning Automatic Config. Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.MRO. System Load Balance..Ltd.. trace Self.configuration (Plug & Play) Auto Software Management SON makes LTE network more efficient and solves new challenges when network architecture changes Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. Planning Automatic Parameter Planning Automatic PCI/TA Optimization Automatic Neighbor Relation Inter-RAT ANR. All rights reserved. All rights reserved Page 48 . RACH Optimization Inventory Management Sleeping Cell detection Antenna Fault Detection Cell/interface/sub.

• Reduce unnecessary redirection • More reliable • Improve network KPI by HO optimization Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.Typical SON Features at Initial Stage ANR: Automatic Neighbor Relation Self-Config.. Ltd.Ltd. All rights reserved.. All rights reserved Page 49 . Copyright @ 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. handover failure rate.: Quick Deployment S/W Config Config Config Config S/W File Server EMS + DHCP New eNodeB • Save cost & Improve exactness • Avoid first HO failure due to missing neighbor relation • Plug & Play Installation • Shorten deployment duration MLB: Mobility Load Balancing Cell A Cell B Cell B Cell C MRO: Mobility Robust Optimization Value unnecessary HO Rate Cell A Cell B Cell C HO successful rate • Optimizing cell reselection and handover parameters • Reduce call drop rate.

Thank you www.huawei.com .

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