Reaction between calcium carbonate andhydrochloric acid.CaCO
OThe rate of the reaction can be determined bya.
Measuring the reduces of the mass of thecalcium carbonate (reactants) over time
Mass of CaCO reactedRate of Reaction =Time taken b.
Measuring the increases of the volume of thecarbon dioxide gas produced over time.
Vlolume of CO producedRate of Reaction =Time taken
In a reaction, 5 g of calcium carbonate takes 250seconds to completely react with solution of hydrochloric acid. Calculate the average rate forthis reaction in units(a) g s
and(b) mol s
[ Relative atomic mass: C 12; 0, 16; Ca, 40][a. 0.02g/s; b. 0.0002mol/s]
Immeasurable quantity and average rate
In some reaction, some changes are observablebut difficult to be measured. For examplea.
Change in colourb.
The time taken for the colour of a reactant tochange or certain amount of precipitate toform can be used to measure the rate of reaction.
In a reaction between dilute hydrochloric acid andsodium thiosulphate, sulphur precipitate wasproduced after 2 minute . What is the rate of thereaction?AnswerRate of reaction =[0.00833s
When the aqueous of ethanadioic is mixed withacided potassium manganate(VII) , the reactionhappen slowly at room temperature. The purplecolour of the solution is bleached after 40 seconds.Calculate the average rate of reaction.AnswerRate of reaction =[0.025s
(aq) + 14H
(g) + 7H
O(l) + 2Cr
(aq)The chemical equation above represents a reactionbetween acidic potassium dichromate(VI) andethanedioic. Which of the following can be usedto determine the rate of reaction?I.
Volume of carbon dioxide collected over time.II.
Time for chromium ion to form.III.
Time for the colour of the solution to changefrom orange to green.IV.
Time for the pH change.A.
I and IIB.
I and IIIC.
I II and IIID.
II, III and IVIf the quantity change is immeasurable
1Rates of reaction =Total time for the reaction