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Published by: irish x on Feb 04, 2010
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Civic Welfare Training Service Program 2Introduction
The Civic Welfare Training Service Program (CWTSP) is a program component of the National Service Training Program (NSTP) under the Republic Act 9163 known as the NationalService Training Program Act of 2001 which refers to "programs of activities contributory to thegeneral welfare and betterment of life for the members of the community or the enhancement of its facilities, especially those devoted to improving health, education, environment,entrepreneurship, safety, recreation and moral of the citizenry (Section 3, d)."The Civic Welfare Training Service Program II (CWTSP II) is a second semester coursewhich consists of projects and activities designed to encourage the students to contribute in theimprovement of the general welfare and the quality of life for the local community and itsvarious institutional components, more particularly in terms of "improving health, education,environment, entrepreneurship, safety, recreation and moral of the citizenry (Section 3, d.)." Itincludes lectures, community immersions/exposures and civic community project/simplementation. The students are given the opportunity to do actual civic/community serviceunder the supervision of the teacher- facilitator. Through the different projects planned,implemented and evaluated by the students themselves, they are expected to becomecivic/community minded and socially responsible.Colegio de San Juan de Letran recognizes a fertile ground and a greater manpower for civic/community service involvement in the CWTSP. It is therefore the goal of Letran throughthe CWTSP to form the students to become civic/community conscious, responsive and beinvolved in civic welfare activities in the light of the Dominican spirituality towards theconcretization and actualization of Letran's thrust of forming the students to become "buildersand leaders of communities."
MODULE 1The Ministry of ServiceIntroduction
Letran’s CWS Program is viewed as a continuation of Christ’s ministry to the poor. Itfinds its model in the ministry of Christ of bringing the Good News to the people. It isembracing discipleship with Christ whose teachings are founded on the love of God and the loveof neighbor.At the end of the lesson, the students are expected to:1. Understand the concept of community organizing, service and volunteerism.2. Identify values needed to confront situations that appear hopeless.
Part I. Understanding Community Organizing
Topic Discussion
Defining Community Organizing
Community Organizing (CO), as commonly used has already joined the “wagon of over-used” words both in the academic and non-academic circles. Every agency or organization hasits own interpretation of things around its own interpretation of things around it and therefore itmust be no surprise that CO, like other terms, has different definitions depending on who, whereand for what. It is popularly used among development practitioners, social workers, healthworkers, agriculturists, forest workers, teacher and even students.There are those who use CO to promote en environmental protection while there arethose who use environmental protection promotes community organizing. Some say that CO is building organizations, other say it is just one of the aims of CO. some practitioners say that
to doing
community development 
Community organizing 
is not just physically gathering and organizing people so that theycan collectively participate in solving problems. CO is more a process of community-baseddecision-making involving the intervention of a change agent particularly regarding theexploitation of community-based resources. As Paulo Freire noted in his participatory approachresearch, “Man is being who exist in and with the world. To exist is thus a mode of life which is proper to the being who is capable of producing, of deciding, of creating and communicatinghimself.”Let us now look at several definitions of community organizing:It is the process of bringing about and maintaining adjustment between the social welfareneeds and resources in a geographical area or special field of service.This means that a community needs to be aware that their needs can be responded by whatthe community’s physical boundaries. Adjustment of these needs with the available resourceswill require:a)Identifying what resources are exploitable; b)Planning on how to tap, use and re-use them;
c)Employing environmentally safe appropriate technology; andd)Promoting collective human action in the resource management/maintenance.That is, in the essence, organizing the people for a common purpose/goal.According to the Philippines Business for Social Progress (PBSP), “CO is a systematic,Planned and liberating change process of transforming a complacent, deprived malfunctioningcommunity into conscious, empowered, self-reliant and just humane entity and institution”. Thismeans, the community as a social unit, needs to learn so that they become empowered to address problems confronting them.CO is a process forged along
 people’s empowerment 
and the eventual formation of a
 self-reliant organization
that will facilitate
in a sustainable manner. Apart from the abovedefinitions, I would like to re-visit the concern that has been expressed for sometime now on themisuse and abuse of the concept of CO.
Topic Discussion
The Concept of Community Organizing
1. Of Means and Ends (Process and Result)
 As a process
, CO is a series of interrelated activities with the aim of unifying the people into anorganization process, characterized by people’s participation in all aspect or stages of theorganizing process. CO is a complex process that goes beyond the mere setting up of a formalorganization. It is a process which ultimately influences the patterns of relationships in thecommunity through the development and maintenance of a normative system. Such norms areexpected to affect the values, belief, attitudes and aspiration of the people in the community.As a radical approach in bringing development to the community. Being radical, CO employscoercion, advocacy and even threat to uproot the causes of social injustice in the development of the people. Although CO starts by addressing small and simple issues which the people canimmediately act on or solve, its main focus is to dig into the root cause of the problems.As a result of the organizing process, CO refers to the resulting entity, which is the legitimateand real organization of the people. It becomes the real manifestations of the people’s collectivewills to be able to participate, voice out and be heard and also to act and decide as unified body(group). The resulting organization mirrors the people’s interests, sentiments and aspiration.Does the end always justify the means?There is, without a flaw, the perennial question about the ethical considerations of the irreverentattitude and the unconventional methods that effective COs have employed in their practice. ButAlinsky resorted thus:

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