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Grade 10 Taks Ss Review

Grade 10 Taks Ss Review

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Published by David Duez

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Published by: David Duez on Apr 26, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Early American History-1607-1750-TAKS Objective 1RegionColoniesOriginalReasonsFoundedBasis of economyContributionsNew England
Massachusetts, New Hampshire,Rhode Island,ConnecticutReligiousfreedom-Pilgrimsand Puritanswanting religiousfreedom fromChurch of EnglandShipbuilders,self-sufficientsmall farms,lumber Religious freedom-Roger Williamslater founded Rhode Island desiringseparation of church and stateTown Meetings where all malecitizens met to decide local issuesMayflower Compact- Pilgrimsagreed to form a representativegovernment and obey the laws made by that government
 New York, NewJersey,Pennsylvania,And DelawareEconomicopportunitiesLarge farms dueto rich soil, andtrade due tolocationDiversity in people who settled ledto more religious toleration
Virginia (oldest-1607),Maryland, North Carolina,South Carolina,GeorgiaEconomicopportunitiesPlantationfarming, growingrice, tobacco andlater cotton; useof slave labor First legislative assembly-House of Burgesses in Virginia
Key Dates in American History-1776
-Signing of the Declaration of Independence
-Passage of the Northwest Ordinance thatestablished a policy that was used to admitnew states as equal to the original 13 (onlypiece of legislation passed by the first governmentunder the Articles of Confederation)
-Constitutional Convention meets to draft the 
that is still used in the UnitedStates today. It is the oldest written constitutionin the world. 
Beginning of the
Civil War
between the Northand the South over multiple differences (onewas slavery). Abraham Lincoln’s election causedseven Southern states to secede (withdraw) fromthe United States. Fighting began shortly after. 
-The South (Confederacy) surrendered to the North(Union) at Appomattox
ending the Civil War
.President Lincoln was assassinated and the radicalReconstruction of the U.S. began.
Democratic Heritage of United States from the World-TAKS Objective 4
EventDateSignificanceGreek City States-Athens
Approximately 500 B.C.First known democracy where all male citizensmet to decide on matters of government-directdemocracy
Roman Republic
509 B.C.-27 B.C.Republican form of democracy-where the citizensof Rome elected officials to run the governmentfor them
Magna Carta in England
1215English King John agreed to follow the laws othe land, follow due process before imprisoning afree man or seizing his property, and agreed toseek the approval of nobles before taxing-Kingwas not above the law
Establishment of Parliament inEngland
1295House of Lords (hereditary) and Commons(elected representatives) formed to give adviceand approval to the king, especially over mattersof taxation
English Revolution
1640-1660 and 1688Two revolutions (Puritan and Glorious) whereParliament rebelled against kings of England over violations of principles of the Magna Carta andking who did not respond to the wishes of his people; resulted in a limited monarchy ruled bylaw in England instead of an absolute monarchy
Writ of Habeas Corpus
1679English king could not hold a person in jailwithout telling him of the charges
English Bill of Rights
1689List of basic rights of Englishmen: no standingarmy; no taxes without the permission of Parliament; basic freedoms and liberties for citizens such as freedom of speech and right totrial by jury
Writings of John Locke
1690Justified the English revolution when he assertedthat the people had the right to rebel against thegovernment if they did not guarantee their “inalienable rights” of life, liberty, and property;major influence on Thomas Jefferson in thewriting of the Declaration of Independence
The American Revolution-1775-1783-TAKS Objective 1Events
French and Indian War
1754-1763England and France fight over colonial possessionsin the New World. England wins and gainsCanada, but also incurs a large debt from fightingthe war 
British Taxation Policy
1760sA series of taxes on the colonies designed to help pay for the war and defense of the colonies
Colonial Resistance
1760-1770sColonists protest and refuse to pay taxes becausethey had no say in their passage-“No taxationwithout representation.” Radical groups such asSons of Liberty form and destroy tea in the BostonTea Party
Intolerable Acts
1774British attempt to punish Boston for tea party;colonies meet at Continental Congress to decidewhat to do; colonial militias form
“Shot Heard Round the World”
1775Battle at Lexington and later at Concord betweenthe British and the colonial minutemen-beginningof the American Revolution; George Washingtonled the American forces against the Britishthroughout the war.
Common Sense
1776Thomas Paine wrote arguing it made sense for thecolonies to be independent of England
Declaration of Independencewritten by Thomas Jefferson
July 4, 1776Continental Congress agreed to separate fromEngland; based on the ideas of John Locke
Battle of Yorktown
1781Aided by the French, George Washington defeatedthe British and in the Treaty of Paris, signed twoyears later, England agreed to recognize theindependence of the United States.
Principles of the Declaration of Independence-TAKS Objective 4
People are born with inalienable rights that cannot be taken away from them unless convicted of a crime by due process
The government is to protect these unalienable rights-Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness
If the government failed to protect these rights, they have broken the “social contract” and the people had theright to change the government, even by force if necessaryQuotes by the author,
Thomas Jefferson
with regards to unalienable rights:
1.“Noting is unchangeable but the inherent and unalienable rights of man.” 2.“It is to secure our rights that we resort to government at all.” 3. “Man is a rational animal, endowed by nature with rights.” 
Many of the ideas of the Declaration of Independence reflect the thinking of the English philosopher, John Locke aswell as other Age of Reason thinkers (Hobbes -social contract, Rousseau-will of the majority)
Major Grievances of the Declaration of Independence, 1776 /Corrections in U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights-TAKS Obj 4GrievanceCorrection-Constitution or Bill of RightsKing imposed taxes without consent of colonists
All taxes must be approved by Congress; Congress is made up of House of Representatives and Senators who are elected bycitizens
King made the military superior to the civilgovernment
The commander-in-chief of the military is a civilian-the President
King kept a standing army among the colonists
Congress is the only one that can raise and support the army;they fund the army
King housed troops in the homes of colonists
Amendment of the Bill of Rights-no quartering of soldierswithout consent of citizens
King refused petition of citizens
Amendment-citizens have the right to petition government
King controlled the judges
Federal judges are appointed for a life term; approved by theSenate
King denied colonists a trial by jury
Amendment guaranteed trial by jury-7
Amendmentguarantees a jury in civil cases
Articles of Confederation-1783-1787First Plan of Government-TAKS Objective 1Accomplishments
 Northwest Ordinance-plan to admit new states into the Union
 No power to tax or borrow
 No power to control trade (each state had its own money)
 No central court system
 No national army (each state had its own militia)

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