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Differential Equations - Solved Assignments - Semester Spring 2005

# Differential Equations - Solved Assignments - Semester Spring 2005

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Differential Equations - Solved Assignments - Semester Spring 2005
Differential Equations - Solved Assignments - Semester Spring 2005

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04/16/2013

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Assignment 1 (Spring 2005)
Maximum Marks 60Due Date 07, April 2005Assignment Weight age 2%
Question 1
(a)
Define initial value and boundary value problem elaborate with the help of examples (at least one).
05

SolutionINITIAL VALUE PROBLEM
Differential equation of first order or greater in which the dependent variable y or its derivative arespecified at one points such as
0 0
,
dy f x ydx y x y
If equation of the second order
22 1 02'0 0 0 1
, '
d y dya x a x a x y g xdx dx y x y y x y
Where
0
y
and
1
'
y
are arbitrary constantsIs called the initial value problem and the
0 0
y x y
'0 1
, '
y x y
is called the initial conditions
BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEM
Differential equation of order two or greater in which the dependent variable y or its derivative arespecified at different points such as
22 1 020 0 1 1
,
d y dya x a x a x y g xdx dx y x y y x y
Where
0
y
and
1
'
y
are arbitrary constantsIs called the boundary value problem and the
0 0 1 1
,
y x y y x y
is called the boundary conditions
NOT THE PART OF THE SOLUTION (MOTIVATION OF THE CONDITIONS)

Basically when we solve the differential equations then we find some constant in the solution so weneed to elaborate these constants to solve this problem we formulate two kinds of conditions(givenabove) which basically helps us to elaborate the constants finding in the solution of the differentialequation.Still the question is how many constants are present in the differential equation. Is there any hard andfast rule? yes! It depends that what is the order of the differential equation. If we have the first orderDE then its solution contains must one constant similarly if second order DE then its solution containsmust two constants
……and so
on and definitely to elaborate the constant we always need samenumber of condition.
Question 1
(b)
Solve the following differential equation.
2 2
0; (0) 1
xdy ydx xdx ydy y x y
 

10
Solution

2 22 2 2 22 22 22 2 2 23 2 2 32 2 2 22 2 3
( ) 0 , 0 10( , )( , )=,2 1 2
xdy ydx xdx ydy y x y y x x dx y dy x y x y f y M x y x x x y f x N x y y y x y y x M x N y x y x y x xy y x y y x M  x y x y xy x y y x M  y
222 23 3 2 2 3 3 222 23 3 2 2 3 3 222 22 222 22 2 2 322 23 3 2 2 3 3 222 23 3 2
2 2 2 2 22 2 2 2 22 1 22 2 2 2 22 2
xy y x y x y xy x y x y xy y M  y x y M x y xy x y x y xy y y x y M y xnow y x y xy x y x x y y x N  x x y x y xy x y x y xy x N  x x y N x y xy x x
    
2 3 3 222 22 222 2
2 2 2
y x y xy x x y N y x  x y x y

2 2
( , )
soour givenequationisexact nowasweknow f y M x y x x x y

Integrating both sides with respect to “x”