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xid-5495716_2

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Published by Marrwa Hafez

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Published by: Marrwa Hafez on May 26, 2011
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08/13/2012

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Chapter 2 Pressure Vessels1
Learning Objectives and Expectations
To be familiar with pressure vessel components and features.To understand the difference between pressure and non-pressure, firedand un-fired vessels.To understand the importance of regulations and standards in safedesign.To be able to use AS1210 and related standards in pressure vesseldesign.To become familiar with rules of thumb regarding vessel design.Understand why there is a minimum safe thickness.To be able to determine the minimum design thickness.To be able to design and specify the details of safe pressure vessels.To be able to design pressure vessels in a economically efficient manner.To be able to produce pressure vessel specification sheets andequipment drawings.
CHAPTER 2. PRESSURE VESSEL DESIGN
Chapter 2 Pressure Vessels2
CHAPTER 2. PRESSURE VESSEL DESIGN
1. VESSEL
A vessel is a container which holds a solid, a liquid or a gas, or acombination of these.The vessel may be:-A fired vessel or a non-fired vessel,-A pressure vessel or a non-pressure vessel-A thin walled vessel or a thick walled vessel, depending on thevessel structure and normal conditions of operation, i.e. thetemperature and pressure.
 
Chapter 2 Pressure Vessels3
Pressure Vessels
 
Chapter 2 Pressure Vessels4
Pressure Vessels
 
Chapter 2 Pressure Vessels5
2. FIRED vsUNFIRED VESSEL
Sometimes the vessel is operated at (near) the ambient temperature,the vessel is obviously an unfired vessel.At other times, energy and heat have to be added to the content of thevessel. When heat transfer is involved, the vessel (pressure ornon-pressure) may be classified as:-A fired vessel (e.g. direct combustion or electrically powered)-An unfired vessel (e.g. heat exchangers)A fired vessel is one where heat is added to the content of the vesselby the application of fire, electrical power or similar high temperature means.An unfired vessel is one where heat is added to the content of the vesselby a stream of fluid at moderate temperatures.In this chapter, the discussion will be restricted to unfired vessels only.
Chapter 2 Pressure Vessels6
3. PRESSURE VESSEL vsNON-PRESSURE VESSEL
A non-pressure vessel is one where the design pressure is substantiallyatmospheric pressure.This may be a tank containing liquid with a certain vaporpressure. Theabsolute pressure of the vaporabove the liquid is ~ atmospheric.A vessel is considered a non-pressure vessel if it is subject only topressures caused by the static head of its contents such as liquid storagetanks.A
pressure vessel
is one where the design pressure is substantiallygreater or less than atmospheric pressure.The present chapter will deal with pressure vessel only. The design ofnon-pressure vessel will be discussed later.

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