P. 1
Wine-Making

Wine-Making

|Views: 7|Likes:
Published by Mirosha Navaratna
Wine-Making
Wine-Making

More info:

Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Mirosha Navaratna on Feb 27, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

03/24/2014

pdf

text

original

Introduction

Winemaking can be divided into four basic phases. The first phase consists of finding a source of high quality fruit and making sure they are harvested in an optimum condition. Buying small quantities of high quality fruit is not easy, and this is the most difficult winemaking phase for home winemakers. The second phase consists of fermenting the fruits into wine. Winemakers manage the fermentation by controlling several different fermentation parameters such as temperature, skin contact time, pressing technique, etc. During the third phase, the new wine is clarified and stabilized. Winemakers clarify wine by fining, racking and filtration. Wine is stabilized by removing excessive protein and potassium hydrogen tartrate (potassium bi-tartrate). These materials must be removed to prevent them from precipitating out of the wine later. In the fourth phase of winemaking, the winemaker ages the wine. Most high quality wines are aged in bulk and then for an additional time in the bottle. Winemakers have an active role throughout the lengthy bulk aging process. Wines are smelled, tasted and measured every few weeks, and any needed adjustments are made promptly. Except for the first phase, the other three winemaking phases overlap each other. New wine starts to clarify toward the end of the fermentation period. Some tartrates precipitate out during primary fermentation, and the wine becomes more stable. Of course, wine is aging throughout the winemaking process. Each phase makes a specific contribution to wine characteristics, but the first phase has the greatest influence on wine quality. In this practical we are going to prepare tea wine, king coconut wine and pine apple wine. Materials for king coconut wine King coconut water, Sugar Yeast Spices Procedure for king Coconut wine
1. 1 liter of King Coconut water was obtained and brix value was measured and added sugar

and brought the mixture to 15 brix value.
2. Then to above mixture crushed spices were added and heated up to 5 mins at 80oC. This

was then kept for cooling and 0.1g of sodium meta bisulphate was added.
3. When mixture is at room temperature Yeast* was added and mixed thoroughly.

4. Then mixture was filled into sterilized bottles by keeping a sufficient headspace and covered the bottle with cotton wool bung and kept for 7 days for primary fermentation. 5. When fermentation was completed the mixture was siphoned off to remove the settled yeast cells and sediment. 6. Then the brix value and PH value was measured in siphoned off solution and bentonite and potassium meta bisulphate was added. (This part was not performed) 7. Then it was kept for 7 more days for clarification. 8. Remaining yest cells was removed by filtering and kept the content for aging after topping up and sealing the bottle.

Remaining yest cells was removed by filtering and kept the content for aging after topping up and sealing the bottle. .1g of sodium meta bisulphate was added. 4. 4. 5. Then the brix value and PH value was measured in siphoned off solution and bentonite and potassium meta bisulphate was added. Materials for Pineapple Wine Water 1 liter.2g/l 0. When mixture is at room temperature Yeast* was added and mixed thoroughly. This was then kept for cooling and 0. Tea leaves 8 g Sugar 150g Citric Acid 0. 2. 8. Then mixture was filled into sterilized bottles by keeping a sufficient headspace and covered the bottle with cotton wool bung and kept for 7 days for primary fermentation. 3. This was then kept for cooling and 0.1g of sodium meta bisulphate was added. (This part was not performed) 7. Tea leaves 8 g Sugar 150g Citric Acid 0. 3. Then to above mixture crushed spices were added and heated up to 5 mins at 80oC.1% Diammonium hydrogen phosphate 0. When fermentation was completed the mixture was siphoned off to remove the settled yeast cells and sediment.1% Diammonium hydrogen phosphate 0. 1 liter of brew of tea leaves was obtained and brix value was measured and added sugar and brought the mixture to 15 brix value.Materials for Tea Wine Water 1 liter. 2. Then to above mixture crushed spices were added and heated up to 5 mins at 80oC. Then it was kept for 7 more days for clarification. Then mixture was filled into sterilized bottles by keeping a sufficient headspace and covered the bottle with cotton wool bung and kept for 7 days for primary fermentation.2% Yeast Procedure for Tea wine 1.2g/l 0.2% Yeast Procedure for Tea wine 1. 1 liter of brew of tea leaves was obtained and brix value was measured and added sugar and brought the mixture to 15 brix value. When mixture is at room temperature Yeast* was added and mixed thoroughly. 6.

6. Remaining yest cells was removed by filtering and kept the content for aging after topping up and sealing the bottle. Then it was kept for 7 more days for clarification. (This part was not performed) 7. 8.5. Then the brix value and PH value was measured in siphoned off solution and bentonite and potassium meta bisulphate was added. When fermentation was completed the mixture was siphoned off to remove the settled yeast cells and sediment. .

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->