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Plz give more details information regarding the KLM wi th the example to understand in big canvas. There is no abrvn for KLM.K varies from 1 to 3 L varies from 1 to 7 and M varies from 1 to 3.Total 63 E1s in one STM. One E1 contains 2.048 Mbps data rate. Total 2.048*63=129Mbps and rest 26 for ove rhead. I think its in SDH there are 9 segments each segment contains 270 bytes of data in which 261 bytes are for payload & 9 bytes for OverHead so, 9*270bytes = 2430b ytes & sampling rate is 64k so we have 2430*64=155.52Mbps For KLM formula.There are two types to represent E 1. first is sequential and othe r one is interleaved. Let us discuss first one. formula k+3(L-1)+21(M-1). for exampe you want to represent E#56 sequantially 3+3(5-1)+21(2-1)(====3+3*4+21*1======3+12+21=36 where K=3 represents tug 3,L rep resents tug2 and M represents Vc12.If you want to show it in KLM this would be 3 52 Now for interleaved number i-e which E1 number of STM1 this is we only change th e formula.21(k-1)+3(L-1)+M by putting values. 21(3-1)+3(5-1)+2= =21*2+3*5+2=42+12+2=56 which shows if you are given 352 and as ked to tell which E1# this is you can easily answer that it is 56th E1. Question 1. i want to know if a E1 number is given and asks to find the corresponding KLM, t hen what? Is there any formula to obtain the KLM value? If you are given an E1 number, N, and you want the corresponding KLM number.You proceed as follows: Step 1. N/21 = Q Remainder R (Q=Quotient, R=Remainder) Q and R are both integers . If R=0 then K = Q Else K = Q+1. Alternatively: For 1 <= N <= 21 K = 1 For 22<= N <= 42 K = 2 For 43<= N <= 63 K = 3 Step 2. For 1<=N<=21 N/3 = Q Remainder R. If R = 0 then L = Q, Else L = Q + 1. For 22<=N<=42 N-21=P, P/3 = Q Remainder R. If R = 0 then L = Q, Else L = Q + 1. For 43<=N<=63 N-42=P, P/3 = Q Remainder R .If R = 0 then L = Q ,Else L = Q + 1. Step 3. N/3 = Q Remainder R, If R = 0 then M = 3, Else M = R. Example: Given E1 = 56 Step 1. 56/21 = 2 3. Step 2. 42 < 56 < nd 2 is not equal Step 3. 56/3 = 18 Therefore the KLM

Remainder 14. Since R=14 is not equal to Zero, then K = 2+1 = 63 then 56-42 = P = 14. Now 14/3 = 4 remainder 2.Since R = 2 a to zero, then L = 4+1=5 Remainder 2.Since R=2 is not equal to zero, then M =R=2. number for E1#56 is 3.5.2

Yes Cabana. This is how you do it.Given E1 number N and you want the K.L.M then

N2. Step 3: 57/3 = 19 remainder 0.L.2.3. Example: What is K.g 3.Else L = Q2+1.g 3. If R3 = 0 then M = 3.4.5. 3.L.3 coresponds to 21*3 = E1#63.3 to ITU-T Mode yields 3. Generally Speaking N = 21(K-1) + 3(L-1) + M: for M not equal to 3 and L not equa l to 7. You proceed as follows: Given K. Step1: N/21 = Q1 remainder R1. Step 2: R1/3 = Q2 remainder R2.3 then N = 21 * K. then K = Q1.L.L.M = K. E. Step 2: 15/3 = 5 remainder 0. Thats you map E1#33 to 53 to match two interfaces using the two different modes. . If R1 = 0.N3 then ITU-T mode is N3.4.4.3 corresponds to E1#54.7. Now you are given KLM for an E1.M as N1.M = K. Therefore L = 5.L. E. If R2 = 0 then L = Q2.M for E1 57? Step 1: 57/21 = 2 remainder 15. Therefore K = 2+1 = 3.3 corresponds to 21(3-1) + 3*4 = 42 + 12 = 54.7.N2. So the K.3 then N = 21(K-1) + 3*L. Else M = R3.L.N1 Example: Converting KLM 2. Step 3: N/3 = Q3 remainder R3.Else K = Q1+1.proceed as follows. If K.How do you calculate the E1 number? Proceed as f ollows: If K. Therefore M = 3.3 Sometimes you want to convert from KLM to ITU-T mode.M for E1#57 is 3.

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