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Q3.

How has Singapore harnessed renewable energy to meet the


needs of the nation?
Renewable Energy: energy that comes from resources which are naturally
replenished on a human timescale
Needs of the nation:
1. Energy security

2. Environmental sustainability

3. Adequate and affordable energy


supply

4. Energy Efficiency

Main Point
1. Solar Power

Singapore heavily reliant on imported


fuels for energy production
(80% natural gas, 18% fuel oil)
To enhance our resilience against this
price volatility of such resources
To meet Singapores energy challenges
Facilitate the growth of the potential
clean energy sector
Today, the city-state is aiming to develop
the sector so that it contributes S$3.4
billion to Singapores gross domestic
product (GDP) and provides 18,000 jobs
by 2015. Source: edb.gov.sg
Singapore's population will also
increase, which would mean the demand
for energy increases as well.
Renewable energy are not yet costcompetitive with conventional fossil fuels
Increasing it to reduce Carbon footprints
and help to ensure sustainability
(Same amount of energy produced used
more efficiently)

Explanation/Link
-Main Renewable energy source in
Singapore
-Reason: Singapore geographic
location on the sunbelt
-This means a sustainable energy
that we can tap on.
-Singapore: no energy resources
and dependant on imported
resources
-Result: It can increase our
energy security and help us in
meeting the increasing energy

Examples
-Has major solar companies
such as Phoenix Solar,
Renewable Energy
Corporation (REC), Trina
Solar and Yingli
-Increase in solar panels in
many area of Singapore
e.g. HDB has test-bedded
solar PV systems at 2 public
housing districts, generating
220kWh of electricity for the
district.

demand.
-It also means lower carbon
emissions which means
environmental sustainability, if we
can replace our energy sources.
2. Biofuels

3. Hydrogen
and Fuel cell
Technology

4. Green
buildings

-Promote solar power


e.g. Solar Capability Scheme
for private sector to offset
capital cost to install solar
technologies in new energy
efficient buildings.
-Biofuels: energy sources made from -Various research
living things, or the waste that living
organisations: Temasek Life
things produce.
Sciences Laboratory (TLL)
-Singapore: Strong R&D base and
-Local biofuel companies :
comprehensive petrochemical
Alpha Biofuels, Biofuel
industry: development of new
Research
biofuels
-New biofuels produced
- Aim to produce environmentale.g. Waste cooking oil to
friendly and sustainable high quality biodiesel (Biofuel Research)
fuels (food and non-food)
e.g. Hybrid plant: X fruit
-Result: Environmental
Clean source of energy with
sustainability is assured as non0 emissions, produce up to
recyclable waste can be put to
33,000liters of oil. (30x palm
use. Singapore may also
oil)
collaborate with organisations to
create new energy which means
development of the clean energy
sector and a form of revenue
when they supply of such biofuel
-Government plan to have a fuel cell -Horizon Fuel Cell
industry hub , with SFCC
Technologies (Singapore) is
-By providing technical consultancy, the world's largest volume
business start-up aid and test &
producer of fuel cells below
measurement services, FCC work
1000W , with business in
with Asian industry players.
over 65 countries
-Test bed for hydrogen and fuel cell
-e.g. SINERGY
technologies
-Such methods produce no
pollutants or greenhouse gases
Result: Ensure smaller carbon
footprints and environmental
sustainability
-Government put in place incentives -e.g. $20 million Green Mark
to attract investors and companies to Incentive Scheme
build such infrastructure that reduce in 2006.
energy consumption
-e.g. Marina Barrage
-Reason: The buildings sector
-Solar Park: 405 panels
contributes about 16% of
supplements daytime

Singapore's greenhouse gas


emissions.
-Result: By increasing energy
efficiency and incorporating
renewable energy, it can increase
energy efficiency, environmental
sustainability and a greener
Singapore

electricity needed for lightings


in the gallery and offices in
the barrage
(generate 76,000kWh/year)
-Double glass panels & glass
and louvers which reduce
heat penetration and allow
natural lighting.
-e.g.Pulau Ubin