Typical Strutting Calculation

Straight Strut

AECOM SINGAPORE PTE LTD
DESIGN OF SINGLE AND COMPOUND STRUTS WITH ROLLED STEEL SECTION IN ACCORDANCE TO BS5950 : PART 1 : 2000

Version 6.0 updated on 24-05-2011

TITLE OF PROJECT : KLANG VALLEY MRT PROJECT (SBK LINE) - MERDEKA STATION
DESIGN SECTION : STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF TWIN LACED STRUT OF STEEL S355 (Grade 50B)
SECTION REF. : STRUT CAPACITY

Soil Load
Direction

Assumptions made :
1) The benevolent effects of splay (knee strut) is not taken into account.
2) Recommended as per CIRIA Special Publication 95 and CIRIA C517,
a) Allow for eccentricity of axial load due to connection is taken to be approximately
10% of overall dimension of strut in the vertical plane.
b) Accidental loading is considered in the design of proposed temporary strutting system.
=> The accidental loading is assumed as per DC/16/12 Section 16.10 = 50 kN in any direction.
c) Thermal load due to the temperature effects is considered in the design of proposed temporary strutting system.
=> The temperature difference is assumed as per DC/16/12 Section 16.10 = +/- 10 Degrees Celsius.
Proposed laced strut section

=

SUMMARY OF DESIGN INFORMATION
Design (SLS) load (Normal)
Design (SLS) load (Redundancy)
Proposed strutting interval, Ls
The incidence angle of strut,
Number of struts per laced section

=
=
=
=
=

Steel S275
Steel S355

DESIGNED BY : CWT
CHECKED BY :
DATE : 30-07-2012

Strut Force
Direction

, incidence angle
Lacing Pitch,
of strut
L1

406x260x148.8kg/m

Proposed effective length, Lxx
Proposed effective length, Lyy
Distance between laced section
Lacing Pitch, L1

=
=
=
=

11.50
10.00
1000
2340

Proposed Strut Stiffness, EA

=

7.79E+06

mm per strut
mm per strut
mm per strut
mm per strut

Section root radius, r
Depth between the fillets, d
Proposed sectional area, Ag
Proposed section mass, Ms

=
=
=
=

10.2
360.6
19000.0
148.8

mm per strut
mm per strut

mm4 per strut
3
mm per strut
3
mm per strut
mm per strut

Section moment of inertia, Iyy
Section plastic modulus, Syy
Section elastic modulus, Zyy
Section radius of gyration, ryy

=
=
=
=

7.75E+07
8.99E+05
5.86E+05
63.90

mm4 per strut
3
mm per strut
3
mm per strut
mm per strut

B) PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED DOUBLE LACED STRUT SECTION
Section moment of inertia, Ixx
=
1.24E+09 mm4 per lace section
Section plastic modulus, Sxx
=
6.49E+06 mm3 per lace section
Section elastic modulus, Zxx
=
5.74E+06 mm3 per lace section
Section radius of gyration, rxx
=
1.80E+02 mm per lace section
Proposed sectional area, Ag
=
38000
mm2 per lace section

Section moment of inertia, Iyy
Section plastic modulus, Syy
Section elastic modulus, Zyy
Section radius of gyration, ryy

=
=
=
=

9.66E+09
1.89E+07
1.53E+07
504.1

mm4 per lace section
3
mm per lace section
3
mm per lace section
mm per lace section

2. MATERIAL PROPERTIES AND SECTION CLASSIFICATION
Section design strength, y
=
345.0
N/mm2
0.5
=
0.893
Value of epsilon, = [ 275/py ]

Elastic modulus of Steel, Esteel

=

205.0

SUMMARY OF DESIGN
Interactive Relationship :

720
1020
6.000
0.000
2

kN/m
kN/m
metres
Degrees
per compound lace section

Local Interactive Relationship
0.53 + 0.183 + 0 = 0.712
Overall Interactive Relationship
0.823 + 0.17 + 0 = 0.993
0.69 + 0.197 + 0 = 0.886

1. PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED STRUT SECTION
Proposed section depth, D
=
Proposed section width, B
=
Section flange thickness, T
=
Section web thickness, t
=

431.0
264.8
25.0
14.9

A) PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED SINGLE STRUT SECTION
Section moment of inertia, Ixx
=
6.18E+08
Section plastic modulus, Sxx
=
3.25E+06
Section elastic modulus, Zxx
=
2.87E+06
Section radius of gyration, rxx
=
180.0

Outstand element of compression flange, b/T
Plastic =
Compact =
Semi-compact =

OK!

metres
metres
mm
mm

kN

OK!
OK!

mm2 per strut
kg/m per strut

kN/mm2

r1 = Fc/d x t x yw
=
1.000
r2 = Fc/Ag x yw
=
0.550
Web subject to Axial Compression and Bending (Generally)
Plastic =
35.71
Compact =
35.71
Semi-compact =
51.01

8.035
8.928
13.39

Flange is Plastic.
Proposed section actual b/T =
5.296
Hence, the proposed section is Non-slender, hence no reduction for design strength.
Section is classified as Class 1 &2

Proposed section actual d/t =
Section web reduced strength,

y' =

24.20

Web is Plastic.

345.0

N/mm2

(Clause 3.6.5)

3. LOADING INFORMATIONS AND CALCULATIONS
3.1 AXIAL LOAD
3.1.1 Excavation Load
Axial Strut Force, Fc (Normal)
=
4320.0
Axial Strut Force, Fc (Redundancy)
=
6120.0

3.2 BENDING ABOUT MAJOR AXIS, Mx
3.2.1 Bending due to self-weight, Mx1
Self weight of proposed strut

Mx1

=
=

3.0
49.2

kN
kN

3.1.2 Temperature Load
Thermal coeff. of expansion,
Degree of restraint against wall
Variation in strut temperature, T
Temperature Load, FT

=
=
=
=

1.20E-05
0.800
10.00
747.8

per Degree Celsius
Degree Celsius
kN

kN/m
kNm

3.2.2 Bending due to imposed load, M x2
Imposed load onto section, w

1.5
=
kN/m
49.6
=
kNm
3.2.3 Bending due to eccentricity waler to strut connection, M x3
The minimum strut eccentricity, 1
=
43.10
mm
Mx3a (Normal)
=
186
kNm

Mx2

Mx3a (Redundancy)

=

264

kNm

3.2.4 Bending due to deflection induced by selfweight (P-delta effect)+ imposed load, M x4
Self weight + imposed load onto section, Pv,s
=
5.976
kN/m per lace section
=
5.37
mm
Strut deflection, 2=5wL4/384EI
strut capacity 2X406X260X148.8

Allowable deflection based on L/1000

Mx4 (Normal)
3.2.5 Bending due to accidental load, M x5
Accidental load in major directions, Facc,x

Mx5
3.3 BENDING ABOUT MINOR AXIS, M y
3.3.1 Bending due to accidental load, M x6
Accidental load in minor directions, Facc,y

Mx6

=
=

12
0

mm
kNm

=
=

50.00
143.8

kN
kNm

50.00
125.0

kN
kNm

=
=

2< L/1000, No need to consider P-delta effect

Mx4 (Redundancy)

=

0 kNm

4 SUMMARY OF LOADING INFORMATIONS
4.1 Load factors (ULS)
Load Combs (ULS)
LC1 : Normal Working Conditions
LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction)
LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction)
LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure)

Excavation Temperature
1.40
1.20
1.05
1.05
1.05
1.05
1.05
1.05

Mx1
1.40
1.05
1.05
1.05

Mx2
1.60
0.50
0.50
0.50

Mx3
1.40
1.05
1.05
1.05

Mx4
1.40
1.05
1.05
1.05

Mx5
0.00
1.05
0.00
0.00

My1
0.00
0.00
1.05
0.00

4.2 Factored Loadings (ULS)
Load Combs (ULS)
LC1 : Normal Working Conditions
LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction)
LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction)
LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure)

Excavation Temperature
6048
897
4536
785
4536
785
6426
785

Mx1
69
52
52
52

Mx2
79
25
25
25

Mx3
261
196
196
277

Mx4
0
0
0
0

Mx5
0
151
0
0

My1
0
0
131
0

Single:

Axial

Mx

My

3473
2661
2661
3606

204
211
136
177

0
0
66
0

OK!
OK!
OK!
OK!

0.712
LC1 governs!

4.3 SUMMARY OF FORCES
Compound:
LC1 : Normal Working Conditions
LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction)
LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction)
LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure)

Axial

Mx

My

6945
5321
5321
7211

409
423
272
353

0
0
131
0

5. LACED STRUT SECTION CAPACITY CHECK
Compression resistance, Pc
Section moment capacity, Mcx
Section moment capacity, Mcy

=
=
=

LACED
13110
2240
5267

SINGLE
6555
1120
5267

kN
kNm
kNm

I) LOCAL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.8.3.3.1
The Interaction expression : Fc/Pc + Mx / Mcx + My / Mcy < 1.0
Fc/Pc
LC1 : Normal Working Conditions
=
0.530
LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction)
=
0.406
LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction)
=
0.406
LC3 : 1-strut Failure
=
0.550

Mx/Mcx
0.183
0.189
0.121
0.158

My/Mcy
0.000
0.000
0.025
0.000

kN
kNm
kNm

0.712
0.595
0.552
0.708

II) THE OVERALL BUCKLING CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.8.3.3.1
A) SECTION COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4.7.4)

The strut slenderness, xx
The Robertson constant,
The limiting slenderness, LO
The section Perry factor,
Section Euler strength, pE
The value of strength
Compressive strength, pcx
Compression resistance, Pcx (Laced)
Compression resistance, Pcx (Single)

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

63.75
5.500
15.32
0.266
497.9
487.7
230.6
8762
4381

B) SECTION BENDING STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4.3.6.7)
The equivalent slenderness, LT
= u
(

The value of parameter w
Section torsional index, x
Section buckling parameter, u
The value of slenderness, /x
Section slenderness factor,
Equivalent slenderness, LT,y
The limiting slenderness, LO
The Robertson constant, LT
Section Perry coefficient, LT
Section Euler strength, pE
The value of strength LT
Section bending strength, pb
Buckling resistance moment,Mb

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

w)

0.884
17.24
0.887
2.974
0.913
39.01
30.63
7.00
0.059
1329
876
320.2
2079

Based on BS5950-1:2000, Section 4.7.8 (g) Laced Strut Requirement
The strut slenderness, yy
=
19.84
Lacing slenderness, c
=
36.62
CHECK: c <50
36.62
*(max( yy, 1.4 c)
Design Strut Slenderness, yy
=
51.27
5.500
The Robertson constant,
=
Curve (c)
The limiting slenderness, LO
=
15.32
The section Perry factor,
=
0.198
2
Section Euler strength, pE
=
770
N/mm
2
The value of strength
=
633.5
N/mm
Compressive strength, pcy
=
265.1
N/mm2
Compression resistance, Pcy (Laced)
=
10072
kN
Compression resistance, Pcy (Single)
=
5036
kN

Curve (c)

2

N/mm
2
N/mm
N/mm2
kN
kN

0.5

where
For Class 1 Plastic or Class 2 Compact cross sections, w = 1.00
For Class 3 Semi-compact cross section, If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4.3.6.4, where
If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4.3.6.4, where
For Class 4 Slender cross section, w = Zx,eff / Sx

N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
kNm

The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pc + mxMx / Mcx + myMy / PyZy < 1.0 -------------------- Equation (1)
Fc/Pc
mxMx/PyZx myMy/PyZy
For Major axis In-plane Buckling
=
0.989
LC1 : Normal Working Conditions
=
0.793
0.196
0.000

w
w

= Zx/Sx
= Zx/Sx

The moment coefficient, mLT
The moment coefficient, mx
The moment coefficient, my

=
=
=

1.000
0.950
0.900

OK!
strut capacity 2X406X260X148.8

LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction)
LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction)
LC3 : 1-strut Failure

0.810
0.740
0.993

OK!
OK!
OK!

0.993
LC4 governs!

III) THE LATERAL TORSIONAL BUCKLING CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.8.3.3.1
The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pcy + mLTMx / Mb + myMy / PyZy < 1.0 -------------------- Equation (2)
Fc/Pcy
mLTMx/Mb myMy/PyZy
For Lateral-Torsional Buckling
=
LC1 : Normal Working Conditions
0.886
=
0.690
0.197
0.000
LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction)
=
0.528
0.203
0.000
0.732
LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction)
0.682
=
0.528
0.131
0.022
LC3 : 1-strut Failure
0.886
=
0.716
0.170
0.000

OK!
OK!
OK!
OK!

0.886
LC1 governs!

=
=
=

0.607
0.607
0.823

0.203
0.131
0.170

0.000
0.002
0.000

strut capacity 2X406X260X148.8

718 Overall Interactive Relationship 0.035 8.0 mm4 per lace section 3 mm per lace section 3 mm per lace section mm per lace section 2.00 1121. 1 = 43. Zxx = 8. w 1. Proposed laced strut section = SUMMARY OF DESIGN INFORMATION Design (SLS) load (Normal) Design (SLS) load (Redundancy) Proposed strutting interval.00 1000 2340 Proposed Strut Stiffness.695 + 0. hence no reduction for design strength.1 AXIAL LOAD 3.8kg/m Proposed effective length.2 Temperature Load Thermal coeff.000 3 kN/m kN/m metres Degrees per compound lace section Local Interactive Relationship 0.89E+07 3.8 .9 A) PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED SINGLE STRUT SECTION Section moment of inertia. the proposed section is Non-slender. FT = = = = 1. Zyy Section radius of gyration.5 = kN/m 74.18E+08 Section plastic modulus.80E+02 mm per lace section Proposed sectional area.38E+07 819. M x2 Imposed load onto section. Sxx = 9.71 Semi-compact = 40. b/T Plastic = Compact = Semi-compact = OK! metres metres mm mm kN OK! OK! mm2 per strut kg/m per strut kN/mm2 r1 = Fc/d x t x yw = 1.0 Axial Strut Force.0 14.17 + 0 = 0. Proposed section actual b/T = 5. ryy = = = = 3.1 Excavation Load Axial Strut Force. T = Section web thickness.6.0 3.AECOM SINGAPORE PTE LTD DESIGN OF SINGLE AND COMPOUND STRUTS WITH ROLLED STEEL SECTION IN ACCORDANCE TO BS5950 : PART 1 : 2000 Version 6. 2=5wL4/384EI strut capacity 3X406X260X148. Ls The incidence angle of strut.20E-05 0.1. Sxx = 3.964 kN/m per lace section = 5.2 Bending due to imposed load.75E+07 8. Iyy Section plastic modulus.8 kN kN 3.87E+06 Section radius of gyration. Esteel = 205.5) 3. d Proposed sectional area.71 Compact = 35.90 mm4 per strut 3 mm per strut 3 mm per strut mm per strut B) PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED TRIPLE LACED STRUT SECTION Section moment of inertia.828 + 0.10 = 50 kN in any direction.928 13. Ixx = 1.10 Degrees Celsius.17E+07 mm per strut mm per strut mm per strut mm per strut Section root radius. Mx 3. b) Accidental loading is considered in the design of proposed temporary strutting system. a) Allow for eccentricity of axial load due to connection is taken to be approximately 10% of overall dimension of strut in the vertical plane. y = 345. => The accidental loading is assumed as per DC/16/12 Section 16. Ms = = = = 10.85E+09 mm4 per lace section Section plastic modulus.998 0.8 per Degree Celsius Degree Celsius kN kN/m kNm 3. 2) Recommended as per CIRIA Special Publication 95 and CIRIA C517. t = 431. Fc (Normal) = 6540. of strut L1 406x260x148.198 + 0 = 0.2 360.74E+06 mm3 per lace section Section elastic modulus. of expansion.8 mm per strut mm per strut mm4 per strut 3 mm per strut 3 mm per strut mm per strut Section moment of inertia.8 25.893 Value of epsilon.0 N/mm2 0.296 Hence.MERDEKA STATION DESIGN SECTION : STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF TWIN LACED STRUT OF STEEL S355 (Grade 50B) SECTION REF.184 + 0 = 0. Pv. B = Section flange thickness. Syy Section elastic modulus. M x4 Self weight + imposed load onto section. = [ 275/py ] Elastic modulus of Steel.0 Outstand element of compression flange. Syy Section elastic modulus.2 BENDING ABOUT MAJOR AXIS.4 = kNm 3. T Temperature Load.0 updated on 24-05-2011 TITLE OF PROJECT : KLANG VALLEY MRT PROJECT (SBK LINE) .830 Web subject to Axial Compression and Bending (Generally) Plastic = 35.2. incidence angle Lacing Pitch.0 148.893 1. c) Thermal load due to the temperature effects is considered in the design of proposed temporary strutting system.0 264. ryy = = = = 7.20 Web is Plastic. => The temperature difference is assumed as per DC/16/12 Section 16. rxx = 1. 345.534 + 0. Number of struts per laced section = = = = = Steel S275 Steel S355 DESIGNED BY : CWT CHECKED BY : DATE : 30-07-2012 Strut Force Direction . EA = 1. LOADING INFORMATIONS AND CALCULATIONS 3. rxx = 180. L1 = = = = 11.50 10.4 Bending due to deflection induced by selfweight (P-delta effect)+ imposed load.86E+05 63. Fc (Redundancy) = 9240.37 mm Strut deflection.5 73.000 r2 = Fc/Ag x yw = 0. Section is classified as Class 1 &2 Proposed section actual d/t = Section web reduced strength.2.000 0. Zyy Section radius of gyration. Zxx = 2.2. Ag = 57000 mm2 per lace section Section moment of inertia.10 = +/.25E+06 Section elastic modulus. Lyy Distance between laced section Lacing Pitch. Mx1 Self weight of proposed strut Mx1 = = 4.39 Flange is Plastic. M x3 The minimum strut eccentricity. y' = 24.800 10.6 19000.61E+06 mm3 per lace section Section radius of gyration.3 Bending due to eccentricity waler to strut connection.5 = 0.2.0 SUMMARY OF DESIGN Interactive Relationship : 1090 1540 6.1. r Depth between the fillets. Iyy Section plastic modulus.0 N/mm2 (Clause 3.10 mm Mx3a (Normal) = 282 kNm Mx2 Mx3a (Redundancy) = 398 kNm 3.99E+05 5.1 Bending due to self-weight.s = 8. Degree of restraint against wall Variation in strut temperature.28 8. MATERIAL PROPERTIES AND SECTION CLASSIFICATION Section design strength. Ag Proposed section mass. Lxx Proposed effective length. D = Proposed section width.82E+10 3. PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED STRUT SECTION Proposed section depth. Ixx = 6. : STRUT CAPACITY Soil Load Direction Assumptions made : 1) The benevolent effects of splay (knee strut) is not taken into account.

y The limiting slenderness. pE = 770 N/mm 2 The value of strength = 633.1 Load factors (ULS) Load Combs (ULS) LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Excavation Temperature 1.24 0.40 1. LO The Robertson constant.4. = Curve (c) The limiting slenderness.5 Bending due to accidental load.y Mx6 = = 12 0 mm kNm = = 50.62 *(max( yy.05 1.184 0.3. where If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4.197 0.3.5 N/mm Compressive strength.Equation (1) Fc/Pc mxMx/PyZx myMy/PyZy For Major axis In-plane Buckling = 0. where For Class 4 Slender cross section. w = Zx.63 7.1 N/mm2 Compression resistance.Mb = = = = = = = = = = = = = w) 0.6.40 1.122 0. LT Section Perry coefficient. Pc Section moment capacity. x Section buckling parameter.75 5.799 0. u The value of slenderness. 1. M x6 Accidental load in minor directions. w = 1.8. c = 36.32 The section Perry factor.718 LC1 governs! 4.712 II) THE OVERALL BUCKLING CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.60 0.500 The Robertson constant.2 3119 0. M x5 Accidental load in major directions.553 Mx/Mcx 0. = 0.3.167 0.00 0.1 The Interaction expression : Fc/Pc + Mx / Mcx + My / Mcy < 1.3.3.00 1. No need to consider P-delta effect Mx4 (Redundancy) = 0 kNm 4 SUMMARY OF LOADING INFORMATIONS 4.059 1329 876 320.900 OK! strut capacity 3X406X260X148.05 0. LT Section Euler strength. M y 3. Pcy (Laced) = 15109 kN Compression resistance.9 487.Allowable deflection based on L/1000 Mx4 (Normal) 3. Pcy (Single) = 5036 kN Curve (c) 2 N/mm 2 N/mm N/mm2 kN kN where For Class 1 Plastic or Class 2 Compact cross sections. xx The Robertson constant. Section 4.0 -------------------. my = = = 1.05 1.198 2 Section Euler strength.50 0.159 My/Mcy 0.40 1.4 c) Design Strut Slenderness.05 Mx1 1.05 1.974 0.718 0. LO = 15. pcy = 265. Mcx Section moment capacity.27 5.2.05 Mx5 0. If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4.7 230. /x Section slenderness factor.7.x Mx5 3. mLT The moment coefficient.000 0.00 For Class 3 Semi-compact cross section.00 0.05 0.05 Mx2 1. Pcx (Laced) Compression resistance.00 4. Pcx (Single) = = = = = = = = 63.05 1.1 Bending due to accidental load.1 A) SECTION COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4.00 0. LO The section Perry factor. pb Buckling resistance moment.409 LC3 : 1-strut Failure = 0.3.00 My1 0.4) The strut slenderness.40 1.05 1.8 (g) Laced Strut Requirement The strut slenderness.884 17.3 SUMMARY OF FORCES Compound: LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Axial Mx My 10502 8045 8045 10880 617 562 411 533 0 0 131 0 5. yy = 51.913 39.01 30.6.00 143.05 Mx4 1.266 497.000 0.00 125.5 Based on BS5950-1:2000.8 . mx The moment coefficient.409 LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) = 0.543 0.7. pcx Compression resistance.20 1.00 1.0 kN kNm = = 2< L/1000.3 BENDING ABOUT MINOR AXIS.000 0. Section Euler strength.0 Fc/Pc LC1 : Normal Working Conditions = 0. Facc.576 0. The limiting slenderness.05 1. pE The value of strength Compressive strength.2 Factored Loadings (ULS) Load Combs (ULS) LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Excavation Temperature 9156 1346 6867 1178 6867 1178 9702 1178 Mx1 103 77 77 77 Mx2 119 37 37 37 Mx3 395 296 296 418 Mx4 0 0 0 0 Mx5 0 151 0 0 My1 0 0 131 0 Single: Axial Mx My 3501 2682 2682 3627 206 187 137 178 0 0 44 0 OK! OK! OK! OK! 0.50 0.3. LT.8 kN kNm 50.05 1. Mcy = = = LACED 19665 3360 11648 SINGLE 6555 1120 11648 kN kNm kNm I) LOCAL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4. Equivalent slenderness.50 Mx3 1.05 1.eff / Sx N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 kNm The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pc + mxMx / Mcx + myMy / PyZy < 1. Facc.000 kN kNm kNm 0.950 0.8.7) The equivalent slenderness.4.500 15. pE The value of strength LT Section bending strength.996 LC1 : Normal Working Conditions = 0.05 1.21 Lacing slenderness.534 LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) = 0. yy = 12.887 2.6 13143 4381 B) SECTION BENDING STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4. LT = u ( The value of parameter w Section torsional index.05 1.05 1.011 0. LACED STRUT SECTION CAPACITY CHECK Compression resistance.62 CHECK: c <50 36.3.6.000 w w = Zx/Sx = Zx/Sx The moment coefficient.32 0.

Equation (2) Fc/Pcy mLTMx/Mb myMy/PyZy For Lateral-Torsional Buckling = LC1 : Normal Working Conditions 0.010 LC3 : 1-strut Failure 0.198 0.893 = 0.998 OK! OK! OK! 0.891 = 0.000 strut capacity 3X406X260X148.001 0.3.171 0.000 0.132 0.170 0.713 LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) 0.612 0.998 LC4 governs! III) THE LATERAL TORSIONAL BUCKLING CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.695 0.674 = 0.8 .000 0.131 0.1 The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pcy + mLTMx / Mb + myMy / PyZy < 1.000 OK! OK! OK! OK! 0.720 0.744 0.828 0.8.180 0.180 0.792 0.LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : 1-strut Failure 0.532 0.532 0.0 -------------------.3.893 LC1 governs! = = = 0.612 0.000 LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) = 0.

Section is classified as Class 3 Proposed section actual d/t = Section web reduced strength.53E+09 Section plastic modulus.506 Hence. Lyy Distance between laced section Lacing Pitch.0 mm per strut mm per strut mm4 per strut 3 mm per strut 3 mm per strut mm per strut Section moment of inertia.20E-05 0. 2) Recommended as per CIRIA Special Publication 95 and CIRIA C517.0 Outstand element of compression flange. Fc (Normal) = 6240.6 14.00 897. 345.30 Web is Semi-compact. 1 = 62. Ls The incidence angle of strut.1 23. M x2 Imposed load onto section.39 Flange is Plastic.182 + 0 = 0. => The accidental loading is assumed as per DC/16/12 Section 16. y' = 38.1.s = 6. b/T Plastic = Compact = Semi-compact = OK! metres metres mm mm kN OK! OK! mm2 per strut kg/m per strut kN/mm2 r1 = Fc/d x t x yw = 1. b) Accidental loading is considered in the design of proposed temporary strutting system.50 10.796 + 0.1. d Proposed sectional area. y = 345. Lxx Proposed effective length. ryy = = = = 1.6 = kNm 3. MATERIAL PROPERTIES AND SECTION CLASSIFICATION Section design strength.16E+10 2. = [ 275/py ] Elastic modulus of Steel.2. Ag Proposed section mass.2 Temperature Load Thermal coeff.0 Axial Strut Force. of expansion.35E+06 mm per strut mm per strut mm per strut mm per strut Section root radius.5 = kN/m 49.893 Value of epsilon.2.06E+09 mm4 per lace section Section plastic modulus. Proposed section actual b/T = 6. c) Thermal load due to the temperature effects is considered in the design of proposed temporary strutting system.14E+08 1.5 540. PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED STRUT SECTION Proposed section depth. Fc (Redundancy) = 8700.999 1. T = Section web thickness.0 updated on 24-05-2011 TITLE OF PROJECT : KLANG VALLEY MRT PROJECT (SBK LINE) .2 Bending due to imposed load. t = 620.192 + 0 = 0.928 13. Degree of restraint against wall Variation in strut temperature.59E+02 mm per lace section Proposed sectional area. Zyy Section radius of gyration. D = Proposed section width. the proposed section is Non-slender.71 Semi-compact = 46.6.4 Bending due to deflection induced by selfweight (P-delta effect)+ imposed load. Mx1 Self weight of proposed strut Mx1 = = 3.97 8. of strut L1 610x305x179. rxx = 259.0 22800. : STRUT CAPACITY Soil Load Direction Assumptions made : 1) The benevolent effects of splay (knee strut) is not taken into account.10 Degrees Celsius.580 kN/m per lace section = 2.204 + 0 = 0.39 mm Strut deflection.0kg/m Proposed effective length.00 1000 2340 Proposed Strut Stiffness. a) Allow for eccentricity of axial load due to connection is taken to be approximately 10% of overall dimension of strut in the vertical plane.70 mm4 per strut 3 mm per strut 3 mm per strut mm per strut B) PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED DOUBLE LACED STRUT SECTION Section moment of inertia.2.0 N/mm2 0. L1 = = = = 11. Ag = 45600 mm2 per lace section Section moment of inertia. Number of struts per laced section = = = = = Steel S275 Steel S355 DESIGNED BY : CWT CHECKED BY : DATE : 30-07-2012 Strut Force Direction . LOADING INFORMATIONS AND CALCULATIONS 3.000 0.MERDEKA STATION DESIGN SECTION : STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF TWIN LACED STRUT OF STEEL S355 (Grade 50B) SECTION REF.71 Compact = 35. Mx 3. w 1.1 Bending due to self-weight.2 307.02 mm Mx3a (Normal) = 387 kNm Mx2 Mx3a (Redundancy) = 540 kNm 3. rxx = 2. Esteel = 205. B = Section flange thickness. T Temperature Load. Syy Section elastic modulus.641 + 0.035 8. Pv. M x3 The minimum strut eccentricity. Ixx = 1.4 per Degree Celsius Degree Celsius kN kN/m kNm 3. Proposed laced strut section = SUMMARY OF DESIGN INFORMATION Design (SLS) load (Normal) Design (SLS) load (Redundancy) Proposed strutting interval. 2=5wL4/384EI strut capacity 2X610X305X179 .0 mm4 per lace section 3 mm per lace section 3 mm per lace section mm per lace section 2. ryy = = = = 1.2.796 + 0. Sxx = 5.43E+05 70.1 Excavation Load Axial Strut Force.94E+06 Section radius of gyration. EA = 9. M x4 Self weight + imposed load onto section. Ms = = = = 16.10 = +/.0 SUMMARY OF DESIGN Interactive Relationship : 1040 1450 6.000 r2 = Fc/Ag x yw = 0.55E+06 Section elastic modulus.800 10.978 0. Iyy Section plastic modulus.1 A) PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED SINGLE STRUT SECTION Section moment of inertia. Zxx = 9.000 2 kN/m kN/m metres Degrees per compound lace section Local Interactive Relationship 0.78E+07 505. hence no reduction for design strength.833 Overall Interactive Relationship 0.2 BENDING ABOUT MAJOR AXIS.26E+07 1. => The temperature difference is assumed as per DC/16/12 Section 16.3 Bending due to eccentricity waler to strut connection.0 3. incidence angle Lacing Pitch.87E+06 mm3 per lace section Section radius of gyration. Zyy Section radius of gyration.AECOM SINGAPORE PTE LTD DESIGN OF SINGLE AND COMPOUND STRUTS WITH ROLLED STEEL SECTION IN ACCORDANCE TO BS5950 : PART 1 : 2000 Version 6. FT = = = = 1.2 kN kN 3.0 179.5 = 0. r Depth between the fillets. Ixx = 3.641 Web subject to Axial Compression and Bending (Generally) Plastic = 35.6 59.14E+06 7. Sxx = 1.5) 3. Syy Section elastic modulus.11E+07 mm3 per lace section Section elastic modulus.1 AXIAL LOAD 3.10 = 50 kN in any direction.0 N/mm2 (Clause 3. Iyy Section plastic modulus. Zxx = 4.

= 0.10 *(max( yy. If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4.965 37.05 1. yy = 46. LT Section Euler strength.0 -------------------.833 II) THE OVERALL BUCKLING CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.8.4.05 1. x Section buckling parameter.3.4 c) Design Strut Slenderness.833 LC4 governs! 4.40 1.1 Load factors (ULS) Load Combs (ULS) LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Excavation Temperature 1.00 1. LT.476 LC3 : 1-strut Failure = 0. w = Zx. mLT The moment coefficient.5 Bending due to accidental load.3.1 Bending due to accidental load. Pcy (Single) = 6334 kN Curve (c) 2 N/mm 2 N/mm N/mm2 kN kN where For Class 1 Plastic or Class 2 Compact cross sections.10 CHECK: c <50 33.05 1.000 w w = Zx/Sx = Zx/Sx The moment coefficient.00 4.7.1 The Interaction expression : Fc/Pc + Mx / Mcx + My / Mcy < 1.eff / Sx N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 kNm The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pc + mxMx / Mcx + myMy / PyZy < 1.6. Facc.00 125.4.05 1.05 Mx4 1. c = 33.05 1.28 0.3. pcy = 277. w = 1.32 The section Perry factor.05 Mx1 1. Facc.63 7. where If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4. M x5 Accidental load in major directions.3 SUMMARY OF FORCES Compound: LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Axial Mx My 9813 7494 7494 10077 704 644 493 653 0 0 131 0 5.3. M x6 Accidental load in minor directions. LO The section Perry factor. Pc Section moment capacity.9 282.50 0. LACED STRUT SECTION CAPACITY CHECK Compression resistance.145 0.6.50 0. LT = u ( The value of parameter w Section torsional index.05 1.3.971 LC1 : Normal Working Conditions = 0.476 LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) = 0.643 0.500 15. where For Class 4 Slender cross section.80 Lacing slenderness.624 LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) = 0. xx The Robertson constant.2 Factored Loadings (ULS) Load Combs (ULS) LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Excavation Temperature 8736 1077 6552 942 6552 942 9135 942 Mx1 83 62 62 62 Mx2 79 25 25 25 Mx3 542 406 406 567 Mx4 0 0 0 0 Mx5 0 151 0 0 My1 0 0 131 0 Single: Axial Mx My 4906 3747 3747 5039 352 322 247 327 0 0 66 0 OK! OK! OK! OK! 0.0 Fc/Pc LC1 : Normal Working Conditions = 0.60 0.889 26.50 Mx3 1.Equation (1) Fc/Pc mxMx/PyZx myMy/PyZy For Major axis In-plane Buckling = 0.171 2 Section Euler strength.05 1.40 1.8 kN kNm 50.05 1.05 Mx5 0.05 0. Section Euler strength.831 0.6 12888 6444 B) SECTION BENDING STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4.00 0.196 0. M y 3.7) The equivalent slenderness. Pcx (Single) = = = = = = = = 44.34 5.3 BENDING ABOUT MINOR AXIS. pE The value of strength Compressive strength.6.05 Mx2 1. pE = 942 N/mm 2 The value of strength = 724. 1.32 0. Pcx (Laced) Compression resistance. LO = 15. The limiting slenderness. pE The value of strength LT Section bending strength.8. Pcy (Laced) = 12667 kN Compression resistance.05 1.39 5.2.000 0.000 0.05 1.05 1.775 0. Mcy = = = LACED 15732 3404 6138 SINGLE 7866 1703 6138 kN kNm kNm I) LOCAL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.1 N/mm Compressive strength.00 My1 0.00 143.40 1.192 My/Mcy 0.3 3210 0. yy = 19. Equivalent slenderness. LO The Robertson constant. LT Section Perry coefficient.7.3.000 0.00 0.Mb = = = = = = = = = = = = = w) 0. /x Section slenderness factor. pcx Compression resistance.00 1.047 1451 932 325.3.8 N/mm2 Compression resistance.500 The Robertson constant. Section 4.y The limiting slenderness.4) The strut slenderness.y Mx6 = = 12 0 mm kNm = = 50.05 0.0 kN kNm = = 2< L/1000.900 OK! strut capacity 2X610X305X179 .5 Based on BS5950-1:2000. my = = = 1. u The value of slenderness.6 767.666 0. mx The moment coefficient.20 1.8 (g) Laced Strut Requirement The strut slenderness.000 kN kNm kNm 0.1 A) SECTION COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4.Allowable deflection based on L/1000 Mx4 (Normal) 3.00 For Class 3 Semi-compact cross section.40 1.160 1026. No need to consider P-delta effect Mx4 (Redundancy) = 0 kNm 4 SUMMARY OF LOADING INFORMATIONS 4.950 0.35 30.189 0.021 0.886 1.3.207 0.00 0.x Mx5 3. pb Buckling resistance moment.763 0.641 Mx/Mcx 0. Mcx Section moment capacity. = Curve (c) The limiting slenderness.

731 0.000 0.000 0.LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : 1-strut Failure 0.204 0.771 0.002 0.0 -------------------.000 strut capacity 2X610X305X179 .592 0.592 0.796 0.219 0.154 0.180 0.3.978 LC4 governs! III) THE LATERAL TORSIONAL BUCKLING CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.994 = 0.978 OK! OK! OK! 0.138 0.592 0.1 The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pcy + mLTMx / Mb + myMy / PyZy < 1.3.Equation (2) Fc/Pcy mLTMx/Mb myMy/PyZy For Lateral-Torsional Buckling = LC1 : Normal Working Conditions 0.999 = 0.792 LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) 0.201 0.775 0.999 LC4 governs! = = = 0.019 LC3 : 1-strut Failure 0.765 = 0.000 OK! OK! OK! OK! 0.592 0.182 0.000 LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) = 0.8.796 0.

94E+06 Section radius of gyration.5 = 0. Iyy Section plastic modulus. EA = 1.0 Axial Strut Force.2. Proposed laced strut section = SUMMARY OF DESIGN INFORMATION Design (SLS) load (Normal) Design (SLS) load (Redundancy) Proposed strutting interval.1.000 r2 = Fc/Ag x yw = 0. Fc (Normal) = 9420. Lyy Distance between laced section Lacing Pitch.5) 3.2 + 0 = 0. y' = 38. Syy Section elastic modulus. ryy = = = = 4. T Temperature Load. Ag = 68400 mm2 per lace section Section moment of inertia.02 mm Mx3a (Normal) = 584 kNm Mx2 Mx3a (Redundancy) = 767 kNm 3. Zxx = 1. B = Section flange thickness.0 Outstand element of compression flange.3 Bending due to eccentricity waler to strut connection.71 Semi-compact = 37.2 BENDING ABOUT MAJOR AXIS.795 + 0.189 + 0 = 0.0 SUMMARY OF DESIGN Interactive Relationship : 1570 2060 6. ryy = = = = 1. Ixx = 4.1 Excavation Load Axial Strut Force.14E+06 7.0 mm per strut mm per strut mm4 per strut 3 mm per strut 3 mm per strut mm per strut Section moment of inertia.1.59E+02 mm per lace section Proposed sectional area.506 Hence. Pv. 2) Recommended as per CIRIA Special Publication 95 and CIRIA C517.800 10. Iyy Section plastic modulus.6.893 Value of epsilon. = [ 275/py ] Elastic modulus of Steel.1 23.AECOM SINGAPORE PTE LTD DESIGN OF SINGLE AND COMPOUND STRUTS WITH ROLLED STEEL SECTION IN ACCORDANCE TO BS5950 : PART 1 : 2000 Version 6. => The temperature difference is assumed as per DC/16/12 Section 16. M x3 The minimum strut eccentricity. Zxx = 4. of expansion. Section is classified as Class 4 OK! metres metres mm mm Flange is Plastic.39 mm Strut deflection. Zyy Section radius of gyration. incidence angle Lacing Pitch.43E+05 70. PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED STRUT SECTION Proposed section depth.00 1346.39 Proposed section actual b/T = 6. Degree of restraint against wall Variation in strut temperature. b) Accidental loading is considered in the design of proposed temporary strutting system. Fc (Redundancy) = 12360.86 8. => The accidental loading is assumed as per DC/16/12 Section 16. a) Allow for eccentricity of axial load due to connection is taken to be approximately 10% of overall dimension of strut in the vertical plane. 1 = 62.795 + 0.14E+08 1.50 10. 337.10 Degrees Celsius. T = Section web thickness.4 = kNm 3.98E+07 819. Esteel = 205. Ms = = = = 16.67E+07 3. MATERIAL PROPERTIES AND SECTION CLASSIFICATION Section design strength.5 540.70 mm4 per strut 3 mm per strut 3 mm per strut mm per strut B) PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED TRIPLE LACED STRUT SECTION Section moment of inertia.00 1000 2340 Proposed Strut Stiffness. r Depth between the fillets. FT = = = = 1.2 N/mm2 (Clause 3.10 = +/. Sxx = 5. y = 345.2 Temperature Load Thermal coeff.59E+09 mm4 per lace section Section plastic modulus. Ls The incidence angle of strut. 2=5wL4/384EI strut capacity 3X610X305X179 . L1 = = = = 11.0 3. Ixx = 1. M x2 Imposed load onto section.8 kN kN 3.2. the proposed section is Slender. of strut L1 610x305x179.s = 9.10 = 50 kN in any direction. : STRUT CAPACITY Soil Load Direction Assumptions made : 1) The benevolent effects of splay (knee strut) is not taken into account.870 kN/m per lace section = 2. d Proposed sectional area.4 88.642 + 0.831 Overall Interactive Relationship 0.40E+07 mm per strut mm per strut mm per strut mm per strut Section root radius.928 13.48E+07 mm3 per lace section Section radius of gyration. rxx = 259.2. Mx 3.0kg/m Proposed effective length.0 N/mm2 0.71 Compact = 35. Ag Proposed section mass.55E+06 Section elastic modulus.000 3 kN/m kN/m metres Degrees per compound lace section Local Interactive Relationship 0.2.0 updated on 24-05-2011 TITLE OF PROJECT : KLANG VALLEY MRT PROJECT (SBK LINE) . D = Proposed section width.035 8.2 Bending due to imposed load.53E+09 Section plastic modulus. c) Thermal load due to the temperature effects is considered in the design of proposed temporary strutting system.000 0. LOADING INFORMATIONS AND CALCULATIONS 3.1 AXIAL LOAD 3.1 Bending due to self-weight.915 Web subject to Axial Compression and Bending (Generally) Plastic = 35.1 per Degree Celsius Degree Celsius kN kN/m kNm 3. b/T Plastic = Compact = Semi-compact = kN OK! OK! mm2 per strut kg/m per strut kN/mm2 r1 = Fc/d x t x yw = 1. Syy Section elastic modulus.997 0. t = 620. Zyy Section radius of gyration. Proposed section actual d/t = Section web reduced strength.1 A) PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED SINGLE STRUT SECTION Section moment of inertia.202 + 0 = 0.5 = kN/m 74. rxx = 2. M x4 Self weight + imposed load onto section. Sxx = 1.MERDEKA STATION DESIGN SECTION : STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF TWIN LACED STRUT OF STEEL S355 (Grade 50B) SECTION REF. Number of struts per laced section = = = = = Steel S275 Steel S355 DESIGNED BY : CWT CHECKED BY : DATE : 30-07-2012 Strut Force Direction .59E+10 4.6 14.995 1.4 Bending due to deflection induced by selfweight (P-delta effect)+ imposed load.66E+07 mm3 per lace section Section elastic modulus.0 22800.30 Web is Slender. Mx1 Self weight of proposed strut Mx1 = = 5. Lxx Proposed effective length.6 mm4 per lace section 3 mm per lace section 3 mm per lace section mm per lace section 2. w 1.0 179.2 307.20E-05 0.

my = = = 1.00 0.000 0.6 763.50 0.x Mx5 3.00 0. mLT The moment coefficient.5 Based on BS5950-1:2000.8.40 1. No need to consider P-delta effect Mx4 (Redundancy) = 0 kNm 4 SUMMARY OF LOADING INFORMATIONS 4.05 1.159 0.831 0. Equivalent slenderness.0 -------------------.05 1.4) The strut slenderness. where For Class 4 Slender cross section. Facc.1 Bending due to accidental load.05 1.00 0.40 1.Equation (1) Fc/Pc mxMx/PyZx myMy/PyZy For Major axis In-plane Buckling = 0.y The limiting slenderness.6.159 1026. Mcy = = = LACED 23065 5612 13430 SINGLE 7688 1871 13430 kN kNm kNm I) LOCAL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.5 276.00 1.40 1. pb Buckling resistance moment. xx The Robertson constant.000 kN kNm kNm 0. pcx Compression resistance.5 Bending due to accidental load.3.eff / Sx N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 kNm The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pc + mxMx / Mcx + myMy / PyZy < 1.0 5309 0.00 125.4 c) Design Strut Slenderness.40 1.60 0.490 LC3 : 1-strut Failure = 0. yy = 12.3.831 LC1 governs! 4.9 18942 6314 B) SECTION BENDING STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4.632 0.05 1.642 LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) = 0. mx The moment coefficient.000 0.3.39 5.10 CHECK: c <50 33. Mcx Section moment capacity.4.05 Mx5 0.8. Facc.795 0. M x6 Accidental load in minor directions.Allowable deflection based on L/1000 Mx4 (Normal) 3.98 7.045 1451 926 319. pE The value of strength LT Section bending strength. Pcx (Single) = = = = = = = = 44.010 0. /x Section slenderness factor.00 1.00 For Class 3 Semi-compact cross section.34 5.791 II) THE OVERALL BUCKLING CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.50 0.1 The Interaction expression : Fc/Pc + Mx / Mcx + My / Mcy < 1. = Curve (c) The limiting slenderness.28 0.997 LC1 : Normal Working Conditions = 0.00 4.202 0.3 BENDING ABOUT MINOR AXIS. LT.50 Mx3 1.05 1. LT Section Perry coefficient.05 0.1 Load factors (ULS) Load Combs (ULS) LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Excavation Temperature 1. c = 33.1 A) SECTION COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4.2 Factored Loadings (ULS) Load Combs (ULS) LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Excavation Temperature 13188 1615 9891 1413 9891 1413 12978 1413 Mx1 124 93 93 93 Mx2 119 37 37 37 Mx3 818 613 613 805 Mx4 0 0 0 0 Mx5 0 151 0 0 My1 0 0 131 0 Single: Axial Mx My 4934 3768 3768 4797 354 298 248 312 0 0 44 0 OK! OK! OK! OK! 0. pE The value of strength Compressive strength.7.6.900 OK! strut capacity 3X610X305X179 .49 0. Pcy (Laced) = 18623 kN Compression resistance. M y 3.35 30. Pcx (Laced) Compression resistance.0 Fc/Pc LC1 : Normal Working Conditions = 0.20 1.000 w w = Zx/Sx = Zx/Sx The moment coefficient. 1.3.10 *(max( yy.20 Lacing slenderness.0 kN kNm = = 2< L/1000.500 The Robertson constant.05 Mx2 1. where If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4. Pcy (Single) = 6208 kN Curve (c) 2 N/mm 2 N/mm N/mm2 kN kN where For Class 1 Plastic or Class 2 Compact cross sections.490 LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) = 0.00 143. Section 4.3.3.889 26.950 0.000 0.05 1.3 N/mm2 Compression resistance.05 0.05 1. x Section buckling parameter. LT Section Euler strength.624 Mx/Mcx 0.00 My1 0.8 (g) Laced Strut Requirement The strut slenderness.650 0.05 1. w = Zx. The limiting slenderness.133 0.05 1. LT = u ( The value of parameter w Section torsional index. LO The Robertson constant.500 15.886 1.965 37.2.6. w = 1.49 The section Perry factor. LO The section Perry factor.763 0. pcy = 272.167 My/Mcy 0.7) The equivalent slenderness. pE = 942 N/mm 2 The value of strength = 719.4. u The value of slenderness.3. = 0.3 SUMMARY OF FORCES Compound: LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Axial Mx My 14803 11304 11304 14391 1061 895 744 935 0 0 131 0 5.05 1. Section Euler strength.189 0.170 2 Section Euler strength. If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4.05 1. yy = 46.7.y Mx6 = = 12 0 mm kNm = = 50.7 N/mm Compressive strength.05 Mx1 1. LACED STRUT SECTION CAPACITY CHECK Compression resistance. LO = 15.8 kN kNm 50. M x5 Accidental load in major directions. Pc Section moment capacity.3.Mb = = = = = = = = = = = = = w) 0.05 Mx4 1.

773 0.LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : 1-strut Failure 0.607 0.176 0.995 = 0.607 0.000 LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) = 0.776 LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) 0.000 0.000 strut capacity 3X610X305X179 .949 = 0.000 0.1 The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pcy + mLTMx / Mb + myMy / PyZy < 1.200 0.009 LC3 : 1-strut Failure 0.169 0.142 0.8.749 0.178 0.Equation (2) Fc/Pcy mLTMx/Mb myMy/PyZy For Lateral-Torsional Buckling = LC1 : Normal Working Conditions 0.0 -------------------.000 OK! OK! OK! OK! 0.795 0.3.773 0.951 OK! OK! OK! 0.607 0.997 LC1 governs! III) THE LATERAL TORSIONAL BUCKLING CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.777 0.756 = 0.140 0.995 LC1 governs! = = = 0.001 0.170 0.607 0.3.

308 Hence. B = Section flange thickness. T = Section web thickness.7 547.53E+07 mm3 per lace section Section elastic modulus.844 Overall Interactive Relationship 0.2 BENDING ABOUT MAJOR AXIS.3 Bending due to eccentricity waler to strut connection.997 0.9 A) PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED SINGLE STRUT SECTION Section moment of inertia. : STRUT CAPACITY Soil Load Direction Assumptions made : 1) The benevolent effects of splay (knee strut) is not taken into account.15E+09 Section plastic modulus.809 + 0. T Temperature Load.39 Flange is Plastic.50 10. Sxx = 7. Number of struts per laced section = = = = = Steel S275 Steel S355 DESIGNED BY : CWT CHECKED BY : DATE : 30-07-2012 Strut Force Direction .00 1212. Fc (Redundancy) = 12300. Iyy Section plastic modulus. FT = = = = 1. Ms = = = = 12.78E+06 Section radius of gyration.0 17. b) Accidental loading is considered in the design of proposed temporary strutting system. r Depth between the fillets.s = 7. Lyy Distance between laced section Lacing Pitch. Fc (Normal) = 8940. d Proposed sectional area.0 mm4 per lace section 3 mm per lace section 3 mm per lace section mm per lace section 2.40 mm4 per strut 3 mm per strut 3 mm per strut mm per strut B) PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED DOUBLE LACED STRUT SECTION Section moment of inertia. PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED STRUT SECTION Proposed section depth. b/T Plastic = Compact = Semi-compact = OK! metres metres mm mm kN OK! OK! mm2 per strut kg/m per strut kN/mm2 r1 = Fc/d x t x yw = 1. Sxx = 1.2.1kg/m Proposed effective length.50 mm Mx3a (Normal) = 568 kNm Mx2 Mx3a (Redundancy) = 781 kNm 3. Ag Proposed section mass. Syy Section elastic modulus.26E+07 mm per strut mm per strut mm per strut mm per strut Section root radius.035 8.5 = kN/m 49. Esteel = 205. 2) Recommended as per CIRIA Special Publication 95 and CIRIA C517.000 r2 = Fc/Ag x yw = 0. Degree of restraint against wall Variation in strut temperature. hence no reduction for design strength. incidence angle Lacing Pitch. Zxx = 6.657 + 0.1 mm per strut mm per strut mm4 per strut 3 mm per strut 3 mm per strut mm per strut Section moment of inertia. Ixx = 4.02 mm Strut deflection.2 Temperature Load Thermal coeff. w 1.000 0. = [ 275/py ] Elastic modulus of Steel. c) Thermal load due to the temperature effects is considered in the design of proposed temporary strutting system.800 10. Lxx Proposed effective length.6 30800. of strut L1 610x324x241.73E+06 1.6 = kNm 3.893 Value of epsilon. Proposed laced strut section = SUMMARY OF DESIGN INFORMATION Design (SLS) load (Normal) Design (SLS) load (Redundancy) Proposed strutting interval.186 + 0 = 0. Syy Section elastic modulus.1 31.0 SUMMARY OF DESIGN Interactive Relationship : 1490 2050 6.0 updated on 24-05-2011 TITLE OF PROJECT : KLANG VALLEY MRT PROJECT (SBK LINE) .1 Bending due to self-weight. Mx 3. Mx1 Self weight of proposed strut Mx1 = = 4.0 N/mm2 0. LOADING INFORMATIONS AND CALCULATIONS 3.12E+06 77.10 Degrees Celsius.0 241.71 Compact = 35.10 = +/. of expansion. Proposed section actual b/T = 5.822 kN/m per lace section = 2. the proposed section is Non-slender.188 + 0 = 0. Section is classified as Class 1 &2 Proposed section actual d/t = Section web reduced strength.5 = 0. D = Proposed section width. y = 345.2 Bending due to imposed load.88 8.801 + 0.07E+07 2. ryy = = = = 1. => The temperature difference is assumed as per DC/16/12 Section 16. M x3 The minimum strut eccentricity.4 Bending due to deflection induced by selfweight (P-delta effect)+ imposed load.AECOM SINGAPORE PTE LTD DESIGN OF SINGLE AND COMPOUND STRUTS WITH ROLLED STEEL SECTION IN ACCORDANCE TO BS5950 : PART 1 : 2000 Version 6.0 329. t = 635. EA = 1.7 kN kN 3.MERDEKA STATION DESIGN SECTION : STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF TWIN LACED STRUT OF STEEL S355 (Grade 50B) SECTION REF. 2=5wL4/384EI strut capacity 2X610X324X241. 345.0 Outstand element of compression flange. => The accidental loading is assumed as per DC/16/12 Section 16.2. Ls The incidence angle of strut. a) Allow for eccentricity of axial load due to connection is taken to be approximately 10% of overall dimension of strut in the vertical plane.6. M x4 Self weight + imposed load onto section.36E+07 mm3 per lace section Section radius of gyration.67E+06 Section elastic modulus. Pv.2. Zyy Section radius of gyration. M x2 Imposed load onto section. MATERIAL PROPERTIES AND SECTION CLASSIFICATION Section design strength. Ixx = 2.58E+10 3.1 Excavation Load Axial Strut Force. ryy = = = = 1.1. L1 = = = = 11.3 per Degree Celsius Degree Celsius kN kN/m kNm 3.0 Axial Strut Force.5) 3.84E+08 1. Iyy Section plastic modulus. rxx = 2.18 + 0 = 0. rxx = 264.928 13.10 = 50 kN in any direction.1 .668 Web subject to Axial Compression and Bending (Generally) Plastic = 35. 1 = 63.20E-05 0.2.00 1000 2340 Proposed Strut Stiffness.1 AXIAL LOAD 3.59 Web is Plastic.0 N/mm2 (Clause 3. Zxx = 1.981 1.000 2 kN/m kN/m metres Degrees per compound lace section Local Interactive Relationship 0. y' = 30.71 Semi-compact = 45.31E+09 mm4 per lace section Section plastic modulus.64E+02 mm per lace section Proposed sectional area.0 3.37E+07 506.8 79.1. Ag = 61600 mm2 per lace section Section moment of inertia. Zyy Section radius of gyration.

155 1069. c = 30.3.6.68 30. pb Buckling resistance moment. LT = u ( The value of parameter w Section torsional index.950 0.7.149 2 Section Euler strength.888 2.1 The Interaction expression : Fc/Pc + Mx / Mcx + My / Mcy < 1.900 OK! strut capacity 2X610X324X241. No need to consider P-delta effect Mx4 (Redundancy) = 0 kNm 4 SUMMARY OF LOADING INFORMATIONS 4.Mb = = = = = = = = = = = = = w) 0.00 For Class 3 Semi-compact cross section.3.162 0.05 1.4) The strut slenderness. Pcy (Laced) = 17720 kN Compression resistance.00 125.796 0.05 1.1 . LT Section Euler strength.63 7.00 0.000 w w = Zx/Sx = Zx/Sx The moment coefficient.021 1784 1083 336.2.40 1.953 33.7.133 0.3.5 Bending due to accidental load. LT.05 1.3.0 kN kNm = = 2< L/1000.9 17547 8773 B) SECTION BENDING STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4.3 284. my = = = 1.Allowable deflection based on L/1000 Mx4 (Normal) 3.8.00 0. pE The value of strength Compressive strength. w = 1. M y 3.843 II) THE OVERALL BUCKLING CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.6. where If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4.500 The Robertson constant.4 c) Design Strut Slenderness. LO The section Perry factor.05 0. M x5 Accidental load in major directions.40 1.y The limiting slenderness.40 1.40 1.000 0.33 5.05 Mx5 0.502 LC3 : 1-strut Failure = 0.500 15. where For Class 4 Slender cross section. mx The moment coefficient.000 0.066 0.844 LC1 governs! 4.7 N/mm2 Compression resistance.32 0.3 SUMMARY OF FORCES Compound: LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Axial Mx My 13971 10660 10660 14188 986 856 705 929 0 0 131 0 5.3.996 LC1 : Normal Working Conditions = 0. LO The Robertson constant.0 Fc/Pc LC1 : Normal Working Conditions = 0.05 0. yy = 19.663 0.50 0. xx The Robertson constant.05 Mx1 1.175 My/Mcy 0. w = Zx. 1.eff / Sx N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 kNm The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pc + mxMx / Mcx + myMy / PyZy < 1. Pcx (Single) = = = = = = = = 43.76 Lacing slenderness.05 1.8 (g) Laced Strut Requirement The strut slenderness. LO = 15.00 1.502 LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) = 0.2 5157 0.48 0. Mcy = = = LACED 21252 5292 8186 SINGLE 10626 2646 8186 kN kNm kNm I) LOCAL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.1 N/mm Compressive strength.200 0.20 1.05 1.05 1.3 BENDING ABOUT MINOR AXIS. Section 4. Pcy (Single) = 8860 kN Curve (c) 2 N/mm 2 N/mm N/mm2 kN kN where For Class 1 Plastic or Class 2 Compact cross sections. If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4.49 5.05 1. yy = 42. Pc Section moment capacity. pcy = 287.05 Mx2 1.3.05 1.05 Mx4 1.00 143.844 0.1 Bending due to accidental load. x Section buckling parameter. pE = 1129 N/mm 2 The value of strength = 821.000 kN kNm kNm 0.651 0.657 LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) = 0.00 1. The limiting slenderness.5 Based on BS5950-1:2000.8.3.668 Mx/Mcx 0.00 0. Pcx (Laced) Compression resistance.00 4.50 Mx3 1.00 My1 0.885 20.0 -------------------. Facc. = 0.9 790.Equation (1) Fc/Pc mxMx/PyZx myMy/PyZy For Major axis In-plane Buckling = 0.05 1. M x6 Accidental load in minor directions.2 Factored Loadings (ULS) Load Combs (ULS) LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Excavation Temperature 12516 1455 9387 1273 9387 1273 12915 1273 Mx1 112 84 84 84 Mx2 79 25 25 25 Mx3 795 596 596 820 Mx4 0 0 0 0 Mx5 0 151 0 0 My1 0 0 131 0 Single: Axial Mx My 6985 5330 5330 7094 493 428 352 464 0 0 66 0 OK! OK! OK! OK! 0. Mcx Section moment capacity.23 CHECK: c <50 30. pcx Compression resistance. pE The value of strength LT Section bending strength.7) The equivalent slenderness.016 0.1 Load factors (ULS) Load Combs (ULS) LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Excavation Temperature 1.4. LACED STRUT SECTION CAPACITY CHECK Compression resistance. /x Section slenderness factor.05 1.50 0.000 0. = Curve (c) The limiting slenderness. Section Euler strength.x Mx5 3.8 kN kNm 50.y Mx6 = = 12 0 mm kNm = = 50.1 A) SECTION COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4.3.05 1. LT Section Perry coefficient.6. u The value of slenderness. Equivalent slenderness.32 The section Perry factor.4.23 *(max( yy. mLT The moment coefficient. Facc.60 0.186 0.

788 0.000 0.0 -------------------.001 0.3.137 0.166 0.8.981 = 0.1 The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pcy + mLTMx / Mb + myMy / PyZy < 1.3.602 0.000 0.180 0.753 = 0.174 0.997 LC4 governs! III) THE LATERAL TORSIONAL BUCKLING CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.000 LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) = 0.608 0.LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : 1-strut Failure 0.Equation (2) Fc/Pcy mLTMx/Mb myMy/PyZy For Lateral-Torsional Buckling = LC1 : Normal Working Conditions 0.1 .767 LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) 0.602 0.980 = 0.809 0.191 0.014 LC3 : 1-strut Failure 0.801 0.752 0.000 strut capacity 2X610X324X241.143 0.781 0.981 LC4 governs! = = = 0.000 OK! OK! OK! OK! 0.997 OK! OK! OK! 0.188 0.608 0.

02 mm Strut deflection. 2=5wL4/384EI strut capacity 3X610X324X241. Zyy Section radius of gyration.10 Degrees Celsius. Ixx = 6.10 = 50 kN in any direction.003 Web subject to Axial Compression and Bending (Generally) Plastic = 35. y = 345.0 241.0 updated on 24-05-2011 TITLE OF PROJECT : KLANG VALLEY MRT PROJECT (SBK LINE) . Ls The incidence angle of strut. LOADING INFORMATIONS AND CALCULATIONS 3. Proposed laced strut section = SUMMARY OF DESIGN INFORMATION Design (SLS) load (Normal) Design (SLS) load (Redundancy) Proposed strutting interval. Ag = 92400 mm2 per lace section Section moment of inertia.1.73E+06 1. Syy Section elastic modulus.0 3.71 Compact = 35. 2) Recommended as per CIRIA Special Publication 95 and CIRIA C517.46E+09 mm4 per lace section Section plastic modulus.20E-05 0.1 mm per strut mm per strut mm4 per strut 3 mm per strut 3 mm per strut mm per strut Section moment of inertia. => The accidental loading is assumed as per DC/16/12 Section 16.6.1 Excavation Load Axial Strut Force.89E+07 mm per strut mm per strut mm per strut mm per strut Section root radius.189 + 0 = 0.0 329.67E+06 Section elastic modulus.800 10.34E+07 820. Zxx = 2.982 1. M x2 Imposed load onto section. rxx = 2.1.78E+06 Section radius of gyration. Fc (Redundancy) = 18480.0 N/mm2 (Clause 3.12E+06 77.s = 11.18 + 0 = 0.64E+02 mm per lace section Proposed sectional area. incidence angle Lacing Pitch. rxx = 264. Syy Section elastic modulus.2. PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED STRUT SECTION Proposed section depth. Mx 3.1 . Pv.6 kN kN 3.000 3 kN/m kN/m metres Degrees per compound lace section Local Interactive Relationship 0. Ag Proposed section mass.2 119. t = 635. b/T Plastic = Compact = Semi-compact = OK! metres metres mm mm kN OK! OK! mm2 per strut kg/m per strut kN/mm2 r1 = Fc/d x t x yw = 1. Proposed section actual b/T = 5. T Temperature Load.15E+09 Section plastic modulus.MERDEKA STATION DESIGN SECTION : STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF TWIN LACED STRUT OF STEEL S355 (Grade 50B) SECTION REF.035 8.187 + 0 = 0.AECOM SINGAPORE PTE LTD DESIGN OF SINGLE AND COMPOUND STRUTS WITH ROLLED STEEL SECTION IN ACCORDANCE TO BS5950 : PART 1 : 2000 Version 6.2 Temperature Load Thermal coeff. L1 = = = = 11.2 Bending due to imposed load.000 r2 = Fc/Ag x yw = 1.2.50 mm Mx3a (Normal) = 853 kNm Mx2 Mx3a (Redundancy) = 1173 kNm 3. Zyy Section radius of gyration.2.30E+07 mm3 per lace section Section elastic modulus. ryy = = = = 1.0 SUMMARY OF DESIGN Interactive Relationship : 2240 3080 6.998 0.5 = 0. Lxx Proposed effective length. T = Section web thickness.1kg/m Proposed effective length. Esteel = 205. Iyy Section plastic modulus.000 0. Degree of restraint against wall Variation in strut temperature.845 Overall Interactive Relationship 0. B = Section flange thickness. y' = 30. = [ 275/py ] Elastic modulus of Steel.59 Web is Plastic.4 per Degree Celsius Degree Celsius kN kN/m kNm 3. M x4 Self weight + imposed load onto section. Sxx = 2. a) Allow for eccentricity of axial load due to connection is taken to be approximately 10% of overall dimension of strut in the vertical plane. EA = 1. => The temperature difference is assumed as per DC/16/12 Section 16. Section is classified as Class 1 &2 Proposed section actual d/t = Section web reduced strength.33E+07 5. r Depth between the fillets. : STRUT CAPACITY Soil Load Direction Assumptions made : 1) The benevolent effects of splay (knee strut) is not taken into account.0 Outstand element of compression flange.1 Bending due to self-weight. D = Proposed section width.39 Flange is Plastic.2. w 1. 345. of expansion. Ms = = = = 12. of strut L1 610x324x241.3 Bending due to eccentricity waler to strut connection. FT = = = = 1.10 = +/. ryy = = = = 6.84E+08 1.5 = kN/m 74.1 AXIAL LOAD 3.04E+07 mm3 per lace section Section radius of gyration. Mx1 Self weight of proposed strut Mx1 = = 7.2 BENDING ABOUT MAJOR AXIS. d Proposed sectional area.7 547. Lyy Distance between laced section Lacing Pitch. Number of struts per laced section = = = = = Steel S275 Steel S355 DESIGNED BY : CWT CHECKED BY : DATE : 30-07-2012 Strut Force Direction . MATERIAL PROPERTIES AND SECTION CLASSIFICATION Section design strength. 1 = 63.928 13.5) 3. the proposed section is Non-slender.0 17.2 mm4 per lace section 3 mm per lace section 3 mm per lace section mm per lace section 2.733 kN/m per lace section = 2. Sxx = 7.6 30800.00 1818. Ixx = 2. M x3 The minimum strut eccentricity.22E+10 6.893 Value of epsilon.4 = kNm 3. b) Accidental loading is considered in the design of proposed temporary strutting system.0 N/mm2 0.71 8.0 Axial Strut Force. c) Thermal load due to the temperature effects is considered in the design of proposed temporary strutting system. Fc (Normal) = 13440.9 A) PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED SINGLE STRUT SECTION Section moment of inertia.1 31.802 + 0.40 mm4 per strut 3 mm per strut 3 mm per strut mm per strut B) PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED TRIPLE LACED STRUT SECTION Section moment of inertia.81 + 0. Iyy Section plastic modulus.50 10. Zxx = 6.659 + 0.71 Semi-compact = 35.308 Hence.00 1000 2340 Proposed Strut Stiffness.4 Bending due to deflection induced by selfweight (P-delta effect)+ imposed load. hence no reduction for design strength.

888 2.3. Pcx (Single) = = = = = = = = 43. Facc.00 4. Equivalent slenderness.50 0.021 1784 1083 336.00 For Class 3 Semi-compact cross section.066 0. x Section buckling parameter.3.152 0.Equation (1) Fc/Pc mxMx/PyZx myMy/PyZy For Major axis In-plane Buckling = 0.4.00 0.007 0.2 Factored Loadings (ULS) Load Combs (ULS) LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Excavation Temperature 18816 2182 14112 1909 14112 1909 19404 1909 Mx1 167 126 126 126 Mx2 119 37 37 37 Mx3 1195 896 896 1232 Mx4 0 0 0 0 Mx5 0 151 0 0 My1 0 0 131 0 Single: Axial Mx My 6999 5340 5340 7104 494 403 353 465 0 0 44 0 OK! OK! OK! OK! 0.05 Mx4 1.503 LC3 : 1-strut Failure = 0.133 0.48 0. Facc. u The value of slenderness.2 7735 0. w = Zx.000 0. M x5 Accidental load in major directions.05 1.885 20.6.900 OK! strut capacity 3X610X324X241.8. Pcy (Laced) = 26580 kN Compression resistance.49 5. /x Section slenderness factor. M x6 Accidental load in minor directions.5 Based on BS5950-1:2000.05 Mx5 0.19 Lacing slenderness. Pc Section moment capacity.2.05 0. pE The value of strength Compressive strength. pb Buckling resistance moment.00 1.05 1.05 1.05 0.000 w w = Zx/Sx = Zx/Sx The moment coefficient.3.844 II) THE OVERALL BUCKLING CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.9 790.05 1. LO = 15.4) The strut slenderness.0 kN kNm = = 2< L/1000.3. yy = 42.05 1.503 LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) = 0. my = = = 1.659 LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) = 0. where If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4.05 1. mLT The moment coefficient.176 My/Mcy 0.23 *(max( yy. = Curve (c) The limiting slenderness. pcy = 287.9 26320 8773 B) SECTION BENDING STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4. Section Euler strength. If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4.1 Load factors (ULS) Load Combs (ULS) LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Excavation Temperature 1.7.000 0.8 (g) Laced Strut Requirement The strut slenderness. yy = 12.05 1.187 0.68 30. No need to consider P-delta effect Mx4 (Redundancy) = 0 kNm 4 SUMMARY OF LOADING INFORMATIONS 4.05 1.953 33.0 Fc/Pc LC1 : Normal Working Conditions = 0.155 1069.05 1.1 .8 kN kNm 50.05 1. M y 3.23 CHECK: c <50 30.3 SUMMARY OF FORCES Compound: LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Axial Mx My 20998 16021 16021 21313 1481 1210 1059 1395 0 0 131 0 5. LT = u ( The value of parameter w Section torsional index.y The limiting slenderness.eff / Sx N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 kNm The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pc + mxMx / Mcx + myMy / PyZy < 1. LT.950 0. c = 30.845 LC1 governs! 4.50 0.00 0.200 0. w = 1.00 1.5 Bending due to accidental load.3 BENDING ABOUT MINOR AXIS. pE The value of strength LT Section bending strength.669 Mx/Mcx 0.4 c) Design Strut Slenderness.6. mx The moment coefficient.3.x Mx5 3.3 284.33 5.40 1.000 0.60 0.6.643 0.500 15.4.8.05 1.1 A) SECTION COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4. where For Class 4 Slender cross section. 1.50 Mx3 1.655 0. LT Section Euler strength.05 Mx1 1.32 0.1 N/mm Compressive strength.Allowable deflection based on L/1000 Mx4 (Normal) 3. Section 4.20 1.7.00 0.500 The Robertson constant. LT Section Perry coefficient.149 2 Section Euler strength.40 1. xx The Robertson constant.05 Mx2 1.845 0.00 125.1 Bending due to accidental load. = 0.y Mx6 = = 12 0 mm kNm = = 50.3.40 1. LO The Robertson constant. pE = 1129 N/mm 2 The value of strength = 821. Mcx Section moment capacity.3.Mb = = = = = = = = = = = = = w) 0.1 The Interaction expression : Fc/Pc + Mx / Mcx + My / Mcy < 1. pcx Compression resistance.40 1.32 The section Perry factor.7 N/mm2 Compression resistance.00 143. LACED STRUT SECTION CAPACITY CHECK Compression resistance. Mcy = = = LACED 31878 7938 18413 SINGLE 10626 2646 18413 kN kNm kNm I) LOCAL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4. The limiting slenderness.63 7. LO The section Perry factor.3.0 -------------------.000 kN kNm kNm 0.798 0.00 My1 0.998 LC1 : Normal Working Conditions = 0.7) The equivalent slenderness. Pcy (Single) = 8860 kN Curve (c) 2 N/mm 2 N/mm N/mm2 kN kN where For Class 1 Plastic or Class 2 Compact cross sections. Pcx (Laced) Compression resistance.

998 LC4 governs! III) THE LATERAL TORSIONAL BUCKLING CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.790 0.802 0.810 0.191 0.982 LC4 governs! = = = 0.982 = 0.3.000 0.603 0.603 0.759 LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) 0.1 .000 0.3.189 0.006 LC3 : 1-strut Failure 0.8.000 LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) = 0.746 = 0.001 0.000 strut capacity 3X610X324X241.609 0.Equation (2) Fc/Pcy mLTMx/Mb myMy/PyZy For Lateral-Torsional Buckling = LC1 : Normal Working Conditions 0.137 0.LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : 1-strut Failure 0.000 OK! OK! OK! OK! 0.772 0.998 OK! OK! OK! 0.753 0.143 0.1 The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pcy + mLTMx / Mb + myMy / PyZy < 1.180 0.981 = 0.0 -------------------.156 0.609 0.164 0.

0 Axial Strut Force.65E+06 Section radius of gyration.0 updated on 24-05-2011 TITLE OF PROJECT : KLANG VALLEY MRT PROJECT (SBK LINE) . Sxx = 2.671 Web subject to Axial Compression and Bending (Generally) Plastic = 36.6 = kNm 3. Mx 3.71E+02 mm per lace section Proposed sectional area. EA = 1.78E+07 mm per strut mm per strut mm per strut mm per strut Section root radius.5 = kN/m 49. T = Section web thickness.4 Bending due to deflection induced by selfweight (P-delta effect)+ imposed load. T Temperature Load.23E+10 4.24 Semi-compact = 46. Zxx = 9.1.6.1 Excavation Load Axial Strut Force.793 Hence. B = Section flange thickness.50 10.000 0.5 = 0.10 = +/. Lyy Distance between laced section Lacing Pitch. Zyy Section radius of gyration. M x3 The minimum strut eccentricity.14 Web is Plastic. ryy = = = = 2.63E+06 79.71E+08 2.5 540. Ls The incidence angle of strut. a) Allow for eccentricity of axial load due to connection is taken to be approximately 10% of overall dimension of strut in the vertical plane. Iyy Section plastic modulus. b) Accidental loading is considered in the design of proposed temporary strutting system.906 Value of epsilon.976 1. 1 = 66. Esteel = 205.52E+06 1. Ixx = 6. Number of struts per laced section = = = = = Steel S275 Steel S355 DESIGNED BY : CWT CHECKED BY : DATE : 30-07-2012 Strut Force Direction .186 + 0 = 0. Iyy Section plastic modulus. 2=5wL4/384EI strut capacity 2X610X324X341 .20E-05 0.0 mm per strut mm per strut mm4 per strut 3 mm per strut 3 mm per strut mm per strut Section moment of inertia. ryy = = = = 2.7 kN kN 3. => The accidental loading is assumed as per DC/16/12 Section 16. 335.24 Compact = 36.0 N/mm2 0. D = Proposed section width.11E+07 Section elastic modulus.060 13. Ixx = 3. MATERIAL PROPERTIES AND SECTION CLASSIFICATION Section design strength.0 43. w 1.789 + 0. Zxx = 1. d Proposed sectional area.1 Bending due to self-weight. Ag Proposed section mass. c) Thermal load due to the temperature effects is considered in the design of proposed temporary strutting system. Proposed section actual b/T = 3.10 mm Mx3a (Normal) = 817 kNm Mx2 Mx3a (Redundancy) = 1118 kNm 3.9 24.2 mm4 per lace section 3 mm per lace section 3 mm per lace section mm per lace section 2. b/T Plastic = Compact = Semi-compact = OK! metres metres mm mm kN OK! OK! mm2 per strut kg/m per strut kN/mm2 r1 = Fc/d x t x yw = 1.2 per Degree Celsius Degree Celsius kN kN/m kNm 3. y = 335. Sxx = 1.795 + 0.2 BENDING ABOUT MAJOR AXIS. Fc (Normal) = 12360.0kg/m Proposed effective length.000 r2 = Fc/Ag x yw = 0.93E+07 mm3 per lace section Section radius of gyration.85 Overall Interactive Relationship 0. of strut L1 610x324x341.10 = 50 kN in any direction.0 N/mm2 (Clause 3. M x4 Self weight + imposed load onto section. LOADING INFORMATIONS AND CALCULATIONS 3. L1 = = = = 11.000 2 kN/m kN/m metres Degrees per compound lace section Local Interactive Relationship 0. Syy Section elastic modulus.59 Flange is Plastic.00 mm4 per strut 3 mm per strut 3 mm per strut mm per strut B) PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED DOUBLE LACED STRUT SECTION Section moment of inertia.2.0 SUMMARY OF DESIGN Interactive Relationship : 2060 2820 6.664 + 0.s = 9.0 3. = [ 275/py ] Elastic modulus of Steel. hence no reduction for design strength.34E+07 506. incidence angle Lacing Pitch.32E+07 3.00 1000 2340 Proposed Strut Stiffness. Pv.2 Bending due to imposed load.2 Temperature Load Thermal coeff.00 1712.4 A) PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED SINGLE STRUT SECTION Section moment of inertia.820 kN/m per lace section = 1. : STRUT CAPACITY Soil Load Direction Assumptions made : 1) The benevolent effects of splay (knee strut) is not taken into account. Ag = 87000 mm2 per lace section Section moment of inertia.71 mm Strut deflection. of expansion.2. Syy Section elastic modulus. Ms = = = = 16.0 Outstand element of compression flange. => The temperature difference is assumed as per DC/16/12 Section 16. r Depth between the fillets.19E+09 Section plastic modulus.187 + 0 = 0. Fc (Redundancy) = 16920.154 9.3 Bending due to eccentricity waler to strut connection.AECOM SINGAPORE PTE LTD DESIGN OF SINGLE AND COMPOUND STRUTS WITH ROLLED STEEL SECTION IN ACCORDANCE TO BS5950 : PART 1 : 2000 Version 6.1.2. 2) Recommended as per CIRIA Special Publication 95 and CIRIA C517. t = 661.203 + 0 = 0.800 10.8 112.1 AXIAL LOAD 3. Degree of restraint against wall Variation in strut temperature.38E+09 mm4 per lace section Section plastic modulus. PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED STRUT SECTION Proposed section depth. the proposed section is Non-slender. Section is classified as Class 1 &2 Proposed section actual d/t = Section web reduced strength. FT = = = = 1.10 Degrees Celsius. Lxx Proposed effective length. y' = 22.0 341.2.0 333.22E+07 mm3 per lace section Section elastic modulus. Zyy Section radius of gyration.2 43500. M x2 Imposed load onto section.998 0. Proposed laced strut section = SUMMARY OF DESIGN INFORMATION Design (SLS) load (Normal) Design (SLS) load (Redundancy) Proposed strutting interval.41 8. rxx = 271.5) 3. rxx = 2.MERDEKA STATION DESIGN SECTION : STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF TWIN LACED STRUT OF STEEL S355 (Grade 50B) SECTION REF. Mx1 Self weight of proposed strut Mx1 = = 6.

Pc Section moment capacity.00 0. Facc.135 0. LT = u ( The value of parameter w Section torsional index.x Mx5 3.850 0.4 c) Design Strut Slenderness. pb Buckling resistance moment.05 1.05 0.0 kN kNm = = 2< L/1000. LO The section Perry factor.0 Fc/Pc LC1 : Normal Working Conditions = 0. /x Section slenderness factor.3.00 0.Allowable deflection based on L/1000 Mx4 (Normal) 3. LACED STRUT SECTION CAPACITY CHECK Compression resistance.8 24343 12171 B) SECTION BENDING STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4.6. Mcy = = = LACED 29145 7430 11204 SINGLE 14573 3715 11204 kN kNm kNm I) LOCAL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4. LT Section Euler strength.8.671 Mx/Mcx 0.Equation (1) Fc/Pc mxMx/PyZx myMy/PyZy For Major axis In-plane Buckling = 0.000 0.05 Mx1 1.05 1.06 0.507 LC3 : 1-strut Failure = 0. M x5 Accidental load in major directions. Equivalent slenderness.00 125. pcy = 282.148 1121. LO = 15.00 For Class 3 Semi-compact cross section.950 0. where If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4. No need to consider P-delta effect Mx4 (Redundancy) = 0 kNm 4 SUMMARY OF LOADING INFORMATIONS 4.50 0.09 7. pE = 1177 N/mm 2 The value of strength = 839.000 kN kNm kNm 0.653 0. x Section buckling parameter.54 0.186 0.2 Factored Loadings (ULS) Load Combs (ULS) LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Excavation Temperature 17304 2055 12978 1798 12978 1798 17766 1798 Mx1 158 118 118 118 Mx2 79 25 25 25 Mx3 1144 858 858 1174 Mx4 0 0 0 0 Mx5 0 151 0 0 My1 0 0 131 0 Single: Axial Mx My 9679 7388 7388 9782 690 576 501 659 0 0 66 0 OK! OK! OK! OK! 0.5 279.000 0. where For Class 4 Slender cross section. LO The Robertson constant.00 4.012 0.00 1.77 31.900 OK! strut capacity 2X610X324X341 .47 5.662 0.4.05 Mx5 0.005 2004 1174 333.00 1.7.754 0.1 7388 0. u The value of slenderness.1 Bending due to accidental load.143 2 Section Euler strength. Section 4.890 2.60 0.8 (g) Laced Strut Requirement The strut slenderness. Facc.40 1.3. Mcx Section moment capacity.3 SUMMARY OF FORCES Compound: LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Axial Mx My 19359 14776 14776 19564 1381 1152 1001 1318 0 0 131 0 5.50 0.5 Based on BS5950-1:2000.4.40 1.3.3.3.5 Bending due to accidental load.05 1. M x6 Accidental load in minor directions.05 1.3 BENDING ABOUT MINOR AXIS.0 -------------------.00 143.664 LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) = 0.00 0. If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4.2.849 II) THE OVERALL BUCKLING CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.203 0.7) The equivalent slenderness.3.47 5.05 Mx4 1.998 LC1 : Normal Working Conditions = 0.40 1. = 0. Pcx (Single) = = = = = = = = 42.8.507 LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) = 0.1 N/mm2 Compression resistance.05 Mx2 1. yy = 19. my = = = 1.923 31.eff / Sx N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 kNm The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pc + mxMx / Mcx + myMy / PyZy < 1.000 w w = Zx/Sx = Zx/Sx The moment coefficient. pE The value of strength Compressive strength.05 1.62 CHECK: c <50 29.1 The Interaction expression : Fc/Pc + Mx / Mcx + My / Mcy < 1.05 1.y The limiting slenderness.00 My1 0. Section Euler strength. Pcy (Laced) = 24542 kN Compression resistance.4) The strut slenderness.54 The section Perry factor. = Curve (c) The limiting slenderness.7.177 My/Mcy 0.500 The Robertson constant.3.Mb = = = = = = = = = = = = = w) 0.20 1. mx The moment coefficient. Pcy (Single) = 12271 kN Curve (c) 2 N/mm 2 N/mm N/mm2 kN kN where For Class 1 Plastic or Class 2 Compact cross sections.05 1.870 15. 1.795 0. w = 1.62 *(max( yy.6.7 N/mm Compressive strength. w = Zx.3. The limiting slenderness.000 0.05 1. M y 3. LT Section Perry coefficient.76 Lacing slenderness.05 1.1 A) SECTION COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4. LT.155 0.8 kN kNm 50.05 1. pcx Compression resistance. yy = 41.50 Mx3 1.500 15.850 LC1 governs! 4. c = 29. xx The Robertson constant.9 811.6.y Mx6 = = 12 0 mm kNm = = 50. Pcx (Laced) Compression resistance. pE The value of strength LT Section bending strength.40 1.1 Load factors (ULS) Load Combs (ULS) LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Excavation Temperature 1. mLT The moment coefficient.05 1.05 0.

0 -------------------.169 0.976 LC1 governs! = = = 0.187 0.000 LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) = 0.3.8.797 0.1 The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pcy + mLTMx / Mb + myMy / PyZy < 1.000 strut capacity 2X610X324X341 .011 LC3 : 1-strut Failure 0.776 0.000 0.Equation (2) Fc/Pcy mLTMx/Mb myMy/PyZy For Lateral-Torsional Buckling = LC1 : Normal Working Conditions 0.602 0.998 LC1 governs! III) THE LATERAL TORSIONAL BUCKLING CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.000 0.602 0.3.LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : 1-strut Failure 0.607 0.755 0.178 0.997 OK! OK! OK! 0.194 0.975 = 0.748 = 0.000 OK! OK! OK! OK! 0.758 LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) 0.147 0.607 0.156 0.001 0.789 0.976 = 0.804 0.135 0.

B = Section flange thickness.194 + 0 = 0. w 1.2. 2=5wL4/384EI strut capacity 3X610X324X341 .0 SUMMARY OF DESIGN Interactive Relationship : 3090 4240 6. Iyy Section plastic modulus. = [ 275/py ] Elastic modulus of Steel.6. hence no reduction for design strength.4 = kNm 3.11E+07 Section elastic modulus.0 341. Ms = = = = 16. Degree of restraint against wall Variation in strut temperature.178 + 0 = 0. b/T Plastic = Compact = Semi-compact = OK! metres metres mm mm kN OK! OK! mm2 per strut kg/m per strut kN/mm2 r1 = Fc/d x t x yw = 1. Syy Section elastic modulus.5) 3.0 N/mm2 (Clause 3.2 43500.1. 335.0 Outstand element of compression flange. Mx 3.730 kN/m per lace section = 1.0 333. Proposed laced strut section = SUMMARY OF DESIGN INFORMATION Design (SLS) load (Normal) Design (SLS) load (Redundancy) Proposed strutting interval. Sxx = 1.2. D = Proposed section width. Esteel = 205. Ls The incidence angle of strut.3 mm4 per lace section 3 mm per lace section 3 mm per lace section mm per lace section 2.2 Temperature Load Thermal coeff. rxx = 271. M x2 Imposed load onto section.24 8.673 + 0.000 r2 = Fc/Ag x yw = 1. MATERIAL PROPERTIES AND SECTION CLASSIFICATION Section design strength. Fc (Normal) = 18540.AECOM SINGAPORE PTE LTD DESIGN OF SINGLE AND COMPOUND STRUTS WITH ROLLED STEEL SECTION IN ACCORDANCE TO BS5950 : PART 1 : 2000 Version 6.179 + 0 = 0. y' = 22. Ixx = 9. : STRUT CAPACITY Soil Load Direction Assumptions made : 1) The benevolent effects of splay (knee strut) is not taken into account. ryy = = = = 8. Proposed section actual b/T = 3.00 1000 2340 Proposed Strut Stiffness. T Temperature Load.060 13. rxx = 2.59 Flange is Plastic.4 Bending due to deflection induced by selfweight (P-delta effect)+ imposed load. Lxx Proposed effective length.0 3. of strut L1 610x324x341.799 + 0. => The accidental loading is assumed as per DC/16/12 Section 16. y = 335.MERDEKA STATION DESIGN SECTION : STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF TWIN LACED STRUT OF STEEL S355 (Grade 50B) SECTION REF.906 Value of epsilon.1 kN kN 3. Fc (Redundancy) = 25440.009 Web subject to Axial Compression and Bending (Generally) Plastic = 36. ryy = = = = 2.000 0. Number of struts per laced section = = = = = Steel S275 Steel S355 DESIGNED BY : CWT CHECKED BY : DATE : 30-07-2012 Strut Force Direction . EA = 2. a) Allow for eccentricity of axial load due to connection is taken to be approximately 10% of overall dimension of strut in the vertical plane. 1 = 66.2 Bending due to imposed load.999 0. Iyy Section plastic modulus. incidence angle Lacing Pitch.20E-05 0.0 Axial Strut Force.33E+07 mm3 per lace section Section elastic modulus.71 mm Strut deflection. Zyy Section radius of gyration. r Depth between the fillets.19E+09 Section plastic modulus. d Proposed sectional area. of expansion. Ag = 130500 mm2 per lace section Section moment of inertia.2.4 A) PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED SINGLE STRUT SECTION Section moment of inertia.00 mm4 per strut 3 mm per strut 3 mm per strut mm per strut B) PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED TRIPLE LACED STRUT SECTION Section moment of inertia.0 43.10 mm Mx3a (Normal) = 1225 kNm Mx2 Mx3a (Redundancy) = 1682 kNm 3.57E+09 mm4 per lace section Section plastic modulus. Lyy Distance between laced section Lacing Pitch.63E+06 79.978 1.65E+06 Section radius of gyration. FT = = = = 1.95E+07 7.53E+07 820.793 Hence. the proposed section is Non-slender.2 BENDING ABOUT MAJOR AXIS. PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED STRUT SECTION Proposed section depth.800 10.3 Bending due to eccentricity waler to strut connection. Sxx = 3.5 540.10 = 50 kN in any direction. L1 = = = = 11. c) Thermal load due to the temperature effects is considered in the design of proposed temporary strutting system. M x3 The minimum strut eccentricity.10 = +/.000 3 kN/m kN/m metres Degrees per compound lace section Local Interactive Relationship 0.1 Bending due to self-weight.s = 14. LOADING INFORMATIONS AND CALCULATIONS 3.71E+02 mm per lace section Proposed sectional area. Pv.2.90E+07 mm3 per lace section Section radius of gyration.0 mm per strut mm per strut mm4 per strut 3 mm per strut 3 mm per strut mm per strut Section moment of inertia.0kg/m Proposed effective length.00 2568. Zxx = 2.85 Overall Interactive Relationship 0.805 + 0.14 Web is Plastic. Zxx = 9. Ixx = 3.2 169.9 24.10 Degrees Celsius.50 10.71E+08 2.52E+06 1. Mx1 Self weight of proposed strut Mx1 = = 10. b) Accidental loading is considered in the design of proposed temporary strutting system. Section is classified as Class 1 &2 Proposed section actual d/t = Section web reduced strength.24 Compact = 36. Zyy Section radius of gyration. t = 661. Ag Proposed section mass.1.78E+10 8.5 = kN/m 74. T = Section web thickness. 2) Recommended as per CIRIA Special Publication 95 and CIRIA C517.1 Excavation Load Axial Strut Force.0 N/mm2 0.5 = 0.1 AXIAL LOAD 3. => The temperature difference is assumed as per DC/16/12 Section 16. M x4 Self weight + imposed load onto section. Syy Section elastic modulus.154 9.0 updated on 24-05-2011 TITLE OF PROJECT : KLANG VALLEY MRT PROJECT (SBK LINE) .2 per Degree Celsius Degree Celsius kN kN/m kNm 3.24 Semi-compact = 36.68E+07 mm per strut mm per strut mm per strut mm per strut Section root radius.

50 Mx3 1.850 LC4 governs! 4. xx The Robertson constant.2 Factored Loadings (ULS) Load Combs (ULS) LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Excavation Temperature 25956 3082 19467 2697 19467 2697 26712 2697 Mx1 237 178 178 178 Mx2 119 37 37 37 Mx3 1716 1287 1287 1766 Mx4 0 0 0 0 Mx5 0 151 0 0 My1 0 0 131 0 Single: Axial Mx My 9679 7388 7388 9803 690 551 501 660 0 0 44 0 OK! OK! OK! OK! 0.00 4.62 CHECK: c <50 29.05 1.47 5.05 Mx1 1.135 0. LT Section Perry coefficient.05 1.1 The Interaction expression : Fc/Pc + Mx / Mcx + My / Mcy < 1.05 1.eff / Sx N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 kNm The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pc + mxMx / Mcx + myMy / PyZy < 1. pb Buckling resistance moment.000 w w = Zx/Sx = Zx/Sx The moment coefficient.00 125. LO The Robertson constant.05 Mx2 1. Equivalent slenderness. pE The value of strength LT Section bending strength.8 kN kNm 50.00 0. Pcx (Laced) Compression resistance.000 0. 1.186 0. M y 3.1 11082 Based on BS5950-1:2000.4 c) Design Strut Slenderness.09 7.850 0.1 Bending due to accidental load.06 0.05 1.00 143. Pcy (Single) = 12271 kN Curve (c) 2 N/mm 2 N/mm N/mm2 kN kN where For Class 1 Plastic or Class 2 Compact cross sections. u The value of slenderness.40 1.148 0.870 15.00 0.3.8 36514 12171 B) SECTION BENDING STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4.54 The section Perry factor. Section Euler strength.3.0 -------------------.647 0.Allowable deflection based on L/1000 Mx4 (Normal) 3.40 1.50 0.40 1.000 0.6.178 My/Mcy 0.3 SUMMARY OF FORCES Compound: LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Axial Mx My 29038 22164 22164 29409 2071 1652 1502 1980 0 0 131 0 5. pE = 1177 N/mm 2 The value of strength = 839.8.05 1.20 1.1 A) SECTION COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4.05 1.40 1.47 5.05 0. Mcy = = = LACED 43718 11145 25218 SINGLE 14573 3715 25218 kN kNm kNm I) LOCAL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.00 0. No need to consider P-delta effect Mx4 (Redundancy) = 0 kNm 4 SUMMARY OF LOADING INFORMATIONS 4.5 279.8. c = 29. pE The value of strength Compressive strength. yy = 12.19 Lacing slenderness. M x6 Accidental load in minor directions. my = = = 1. Pcy (Laced) = 36813 kN Compression resistance.000 0.143 2 Section Euler strength.1 Load factors (ULS) Load Combs (ULS) LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Excavation Temperature 1.890 2.8 (g) Laced Strut Requirement The strut slenderness.05 1.664 LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) = 0.9 811.05 Mx4 1.507 LC3 : 1-strut Failure = 0.7 N/mm Compressive strength.05 Mx5 0.3 BENDING ABOUT MINOR AXIS.795 0. yy = 41.00 My1 0.y The limiting slenderness. w = 1.77 31.500 The Robertson constant. w = Zx.05 1.4) The strut slenderness. LACED STRUT SECTION CAPACITY CHECK Compression resistance.754 0. pcx Compression resistance. where For Class 4 Slender cross section.2. LT.Equation (1) Fc/Pc mxMx/PyZx myMy/PyZy For Major axis In-plane Buckling = 0.00 For Class 3 Semi-compact cross section. LT Section Euler strength.900 OK! strut capacity 3X610X324X341 .500 15.54 0.62 *(max( yy. If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4. Section 4.6.923 31.655 0.203 0.0 kN kNm = = 2< L/1000.5 Bending due to accidental load.y Mx6 = = 12 0 mm kNm = = 50.05 0. Facc. Pc Section moment capacity. LO = 15.0 Fc/Pc LC1 : Normal Working Conditions = 0.3.7) The equivalent slenderness. LT = u ( The value of parameter w Section torsional index.000 kN kNm kNm 0. mLT The moment coefficient.950 0.7.05 1. The limiting slenderness.60 0.998 LC1 : Normal Working Conditions = 0. Mcx Section moment capacity.1 N/mm2 Compression resistance. = Curve (c) The limiting slenderness.850 II) THE OVERALL BUCKLING CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.3. mx The moment coefficient. Pcx (Single) = = = = = = = = 42.50 0.4. = 0.x Mx5 3.3.3.05 1.05 1.507 LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) = 0.005 2004 1174 333. M x5 Accidental load in major directions.673 Mx/Mcx 0.7.3.148 1121.3.00 1.00 1. LO The section Perry factor.6. pcy = 282. /x Section slenderness factor. Facc. where If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4.005 0.5 0.4.Mb = = = = = = = = = = = = = w) 0. x Section buckling parameter.

000 strut capacity 3X610X324X341 .005 LC3 : 1-strut Failure 0.Equation (2) Fc/Pcy mLTMx/Mb myMy/PyZy For Lateral-Torsional Buckling = LC1 : Normal Working Conditions 0.805 0.789 0.769 0.799 0.147 0.187 0.602 0.999 LC4 governs! III) THE LATERAL TORSIONAL BUCKLING CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.162 0.000 LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) = 0.999 OK! OK! OK! 0.3.976 = 0.978 LC4 governs! = = = 0.179 0.755 0.978 = 0.8.602 0.3.000 OK! OK! OK! OK! 0.135 0.000 0.149 0.607 0.000 0.000 0.751 LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) 0.0 -------------------.607 0.194 0.742 = 0.LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : 1-strut Failure 0.1 The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pcy + mLTMx / Mb + myMy / PyZy < 1.

0 N/mm2 (Clause 3.2. M x2 Imposed load onto section.0 Outstand element of compression flange. d Proposed sectional area.10 Degrees Celsius.18E+07 Section radius of gyration. Section is classified as Class 1 &2 Proposed section actual d/t = Section web reduced strength.75E+02 mm per lace section Proposed sectional area.1 Bending due to self-weight. T = Section web thickness. ryy = = = = 2.0 mm per strut mm per strut mm4 per strut 3 mm per strut 3 mm per strut mm per strut Section moment of inertia. = [ 275/py ] Elastic modulus of Steel.2.00 1000 2340 Proposed Strut Stiffness. t = 679. M x3 The minimum strut eccentricity. rxx = 2. w 1. c) Thermal load due to the temperature effects is considered in the design of proposed temporary strutting system.01E+09 Section plastic modulus.20E-05 0.28E+07 4. D = Proposed section width.5 539. M x4 Self weight + imposed load onto section.s = 11. MATERIAL PROPERTIES AND SECTION CLASSIFICATION Section design strength.1 AXIAL LOAD 3.50 10.2 kN kN 3. T Temperature Load. Sxx = 1. Syy Section elastic modulus. Ag Proposed section mass. : STRUT CAPACITY Soil Load Direction Assumptions made : 1) The benevolent effects of splay (knee strut) is not taken into account.2 Bending due to imposed load.36E+07 mm3 per lace section Section radius of gyration.154 9.794 + 0.0 updated on 24-05-2011 TITLE OF PROJECT : KLANG VALLEY MRT PROJECT (SBK LINE) .17E+07 mm per strut mm per strut mm per strut mm per strut Section root radius. Proposed section actual b/T = 3.00 2086.667 + 0.1 29.672 Web subject to Axial Compression and Bending (Generally) Plastic = 36.2 Temperature Load Thermal coeff. b/T Plastic = Compact = Semi-compact = OK! metres metres mm mm kN OK! OK! mm2 per strut kg/m per strut kN/mm2 r1 = Fc/d x t x yw = 1.2. Ls The incidence angle of strut. Mx1 Self weight of proposed strut Mx1 = = 8.59 Flange is Plastic.0 3.30 Web is Plastic.43E+08 3. y = 335.0kg/m Proposed effective length. 2) Recommended as per CIRIA Special Publication 95 and CIRIA C517. Ixx = 4.0 N/mm2 0.38 8.24 Compact = 36. of strut L1 610x324x415.5 = 0. Lxx Proposed effective length. Fc (Redundancy) = 20640. Mx 3.6.2 BENDING ABOUT MAJOR AXIS. Zxx = 1. L1 = = = = 11. a) Allow for eccentricity of axial load due to connection is taken to be approximately 10% of overall dimension of strut in the vertical plane. y' = 18.1 per Degree Celsius Degree Celsius kN kN/m kNm 3.37E+07 Section elastic modulus.40 mm4 per strut 3 mm per strut 3 mm per strut mm per strut B) PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED DOUBLE LACED STRUT SECTION Section moment of inertia.01E+09 mm4 per lace section Section plastic modulus. Ixx = 8.03E+06 80.0 415. Zyy Section radius of gyration.5) 3.72E+10 5.4 Bending due to deflection induced by selfweight (P-delta effect)+ imposed load.1 Excavation Load Axial Strut Force. Esteel = 205. hence no reduction for design strength.06E+07 506. Sxx = 2.10 = +/. Syy Section elastic modulus.183 Hence. Lyy Distance between laced section Lacing Pitch.1.0 338. => The accidental loading is assumed as per DC/16/12 Section 16.0 SUMMARY OF DESIGN Interactive Relationship : 2520 3440 6. EA = 2.2. of expansion.999 0.973 1.74E+07 mm3 per lace section Section elastic modulus.6 = kNm 3.4 mm4 per lace section 3 mm per lace section 3 mm per lace section mm per lace section 2.000 r2 = Fc/Ag x yw = 0.3 Bending due to eccentricity waler to strut connection. 335.10 = 50 kN in any direction.5 A) PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED SINGLE STRUT SECTION Section moment of inertia. Degree of restraint against wall Variation in strut temperature. => The temperature difference is assumed as per DC/16/12 Section 16.787 + 0.16E+06 2. Proposed laced strut section = SUMMARY OF DESIGN INFORMATION Design (SLS) load (Normal) Design (SLS) load (Redundancy) Proposed strutting interval.3 137. Fc (Normal) = 15120. Iyy Section plastic modulus.186 + 0 = 0. 1 = 67. PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED STRUT SECTION Proposed section depth.000 2 kN/m kN/m metres Degrees per compound lace section Local Interactive Relationship 0. b) Accidental loading is considered in the design of proposed temporary strutting system.AECOM SINGAPORE PTE LTD DESIGN OF SINGLE AND COMPOUND STRUTS WITH ROLLED STEEL SECTION IN ACCORDANCE TO BS5950 : PART 1 : 2000 Version 6.8 53000.800 10.205 + 0 = 0. ryy = = = = 3.852 Overall Interactive Relationship 0. LOADING INFORMATIONS AND CALCULATIONS 3.1.24 Semi-compact = 46. B = Section flange thickness.906 Value of epsilon. rxx = 275. Number of struts per laced section = = = = = Steel S275 Steel S355 DESIGNED BY : CWT CHECKED BY : DATE : 30-07-2012 Strut Force Direction .0 Axial Strut Force. Ag = 106000 mm2 per lace section Section moment of inertia. Zxx = 2.0 53.57 mm Strut deflection. FT = = = = 1.5 = kN/m 49. the proposed section is Non-slender.90 mm Mx3a (Normal) = 1027 kNm Mx2 Mx3a (Redundancy) = 1401 kNm 3. incidence angle Lacing Pitch. 2=5wL4/384EI strut capacity 2X610X324X415 .300 kN/m per lace section = 1. Pv. r Depth between the fillets.MERDEKA STATION DESIGN SECTION : STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF TWIN LACED STRUT OF STEEL S355 (Grade 50B) SECTION REF. Iyy Section plastic modulus.000 0.186 + 0 = 0. Ms = = = = 16. Zyy Section radius of gyration.060 13.

3.2 Factored Loadings (ULS) Load Combs (ULS) LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Excavation Temperature 21168 2503 15876 2190 15876 2190 21672 2190 Mx1 192 144 144 144 Mx2 79 25 25 25 Mx3 1437 1078 1078 1472 Mx4 0 0 0 0 Mx5 0 151 0 0 My1 0 0 131 0 4.1 The Interaction expression : Fc/Pc + Mx / Mcx + My / Mcy < 1.40 1.00 143.10 *(max( yy.8 kN kNm 50. Mcy = = = LACED 35510 9192 13613 SINGLE 17755 4596 13613 kN kNm kNm I) LOCAL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.3. Pcy (Single) = 15038 kN Curve (c) 2 N/mm 2 N/mm N/mm2 kN kN where For Class 1 Plastic or Class 2 Compact cross sections.3 N/mm Compressive strength.05 Mx1 1. x Section buckling parameter. pE The value of strength LT Section bending strength.60 0.05 0.50 Mx3 1.000 0. Pcx (Laced) Compression resistance.05 1.8 (g) Laced Strut Requirement The strut slenderness. LT Section Perry coefficient.05 1.139 2 Section Euler strength.152 0. mLT The moment coefficient.40 1. pE The value of strength Compressive strength.902 30.000 w w = Zx/Sx = Zx/Sx The moment coefficient. LACED STRUT SECTION CAPACITY CHECK Compression resistance.05 1.4.950 0. Facc.09 7.7 N/mm2 Compression resistance. mx The moment coefficient.x Mx5 3.000 0.2. my = = = 1. Section 4.852 LC1 governs! 5.0 -------------------.4.54 The section Perry factor.83 5. pcy = 283.0 Fc/Pc LC1 : Normal Working Conditions = 0.654 0.3.Equation (1) Fc/Pc mxMx/PyZx myMy/PyZy For Major axis In-plane Buckling = 0. xx The Robertson constant.5 Bending due to accidental load.3.000 2202 1269 335.00 0.4 c) Design Strut Slenderness.500 15.8. = Curve (c) The limiting slenderness.y Mx6 = = 12 0 mm kNm = = 50.20 1.75 Lacing slenderness.05 1. LT.40 1. Pc Section moment capacity.6.8.850 II) THE OVERALL BUCKLING CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4. pE = 1219 N/mm 2 The value of strength = 861. If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4. w = 1.6.3.860 12.1 Bending due to accidental load.40 1. LT = u ( The value of parameter w Section torsional index. 1.1 Load factors (ULS) Load Combs (ULS) LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Excavation Temperature 1. Equivalent slenderness.75 5.05 Mx5 0. c = 29. /x Section slenderness factor.0 9192 0.145 1156.7.05 1.05 1.Mb = = = = = = = = = = = = = w) 0. Pcx (Single) = = = = = = = = 41.136 0.672 Mx/Mcx 0. Facc. where For Class 4 Slender cross section.05 1.661 0.00 125.010 0.0 kN kNm = = 2< L/1000.Allowable deflection based on L/1000 Mx4 (Normal) 3.05 1. Pcy (Laced) = 30076 kN Compression resistance. pb Buckling resistance moment. LO = 15.y The limiting slenderness.00 My1 0.05 1.999 LC1 : Normal Working Conditions = 0.05 1. = 0.000 0.00 1.794 0.31 31. where If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4.00 0. LO The section Perry factor.5 Based on BS5950-1:2000.eff / Sx N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 kNm The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pc + mxMx / Mcx + myMy / PyZy < 1. M x6 Accidental load in minor directions.7) The equivalent slenderness. u The value of slenderness. M x5 Accidental load in major directions.10 CHECK: c <50 29. Section Euler strength.186 0.3 29813 14906 B) SECTION BENDING STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4.50 0. No need to consider P-delta effect Mx4 (Redundancy) = 0 kNm 4 SUMMARY OF LOADING INFORMATIONS 4.05 0.05 Mx4 1.000 kN kNm kNm 0. LO The Robertson constant.1 281.900 OK! strut capacity 2X610X324X415 . The limiting slenderness. yy = 19.509 LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) = 0.178 My/Mcy 0.00 For Class 3 Semi-compact cross section.3.05 Mx2 1.667 LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) = 0.05 1.205 0.1 829.00 4.186 0. LT Section Euler strength.6. M y 3.3 SUMMARY OF FORCES Compound: LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Axial Mx My 23671 18066 18066 23862 1709 1398 1247 1640 0 0 131 0 Single: Axial Mx My 11836 9033 9033 11931 854 699 623 820 0 0 66 0 OK! OK! OK! OK! 0.1 A) SECTION COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4.50 0.79 0. Mcx Section moment capacity.00 0. w = Zx.4) The strut slenderness.3.00 1.852 0.7.3 BENDING ABOUT MINOR AXIS.509 LC3 : 1-strut Failure = 0.54 0.500 The Robertson constant.3. yy = 40.889 3. pcx Compression resistance.

000 0.0 -------------------.000 OK! OK! OK! OK! 0.150 0.009 LC3 : 1-strut Failure 0.186 0.601 0.168 0.136 0.3.3.745 = 0.197 0.606 0.1 The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pcy + mLTMx / Mb + myMy / PyZy < 1.757 0.8.000 0.Equation (2) Fc/Pcy mLTMx/Mb myMy/PyZy For Lateral-Torsional Buckling = LC1 : Normal Working Conditions 0.001 0.774 0.800 0.999 LC1 governs! III) THE LATERAL TORSIONAL BUCKLING CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.152 0.753 LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) 0.601 0.787 0.998 OK! OK! OK! 0.LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : 1-strut Failure 0.972 = 0.178 0.606 0.000 LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) = 0.793 0.973 = 0.000 strut capacity 2X610X324X415 .973 LC1 governs! = = = 0.

0 338. Zyy Section radius of gyration.5 A) PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED SINGLE STRUT SECTION Section moment of inertia.060 13. the proposed section is Non-slender.16E+06 2. 2) Recommended as per CIRIA Special Publication 95 and CIRIA C517.0kg/m Proposed effective length.2 Temperature Load Thermal coeff. b/T Plastic = Compact = Semi-compact = OK! metres metres mm mm kN OK! OK! mm2 per strut kg/m per strut kN/mm2 r1 = Fc/d x t x yw = 1. y = 335.12E+07 mm3 per lace section Section elastic modulus. Proposed laced strut section = SUMMARY OF DESIGN INFORMATION Design (SLS) load (Normal) Design (SLS) load (Redundancy) Proposed strutting interval. Sxx = 1.10 = 50 kN in any direction.852 Overall Interactive Relationship 0.2.1 per Degree Celsius Degree Celsius kN kN/m kNm 3. => The accidental loading is assumed as per DC/16/12 Section 16. Zxx = 1.90 mm Mx3a (Normal) = 1540 kNm Mx2 Mx3a (Redundancy) = 2106 kNm 3. 2=5wL4/384EI strut capacity 3X610X324X415 .0 53.18E+07 Section radius of gyration.8 53000.s = 16.20E-05 0.000 0. a) Allow for eccentricity of axial load due to connection is taken to be approximately 10% of overall dimension of strut in the vertical plane.5) 3. Mx 3. D = Proposed section width. ryy = = = = 1. rxx = 275.1 Excavation Load Axial Strut Force. M x4 Self weight + imposed load onto section.40 mm4 per strut 3 mm per strut 3 mm per strut mm per strut B) PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED TRIPLE LACED STRUT SECTION Section moment of inertia. Zxx = 3.07E+11 1.2 Bending due to imposed load. Proposed section actual b/T = 3. Zyy Section radius of gyration.0 N/mm2 0.20E+10 mm4 per lace section Section plastic modulus.10 Degrees Celsius.00 1000 2340 Proposed Strut Stiffness.0 Outstand element of compression flange.6. = [ 275/py ] Elastic modulus of Steel. 335.010 Web subject to Axial Compression and Bending (Generally) Plastic = 36.183 Hence. Syy Section elastic modulus.999 0. Ag = 159000 mm2 per lace section Section moment of inertia.50 10. Ixx = 1. T Temperature Load. EA = 3.00 3129.26E+07 mm per strut mm per strut mm per strut mm per strut Section root radius.03E+06 80.AECOM SINGAPORE PTE LTD DESIGN OF SINGLE AND COMPOUND STRUTS WITH ROLLED STEEL SECTION IN ACCORDANCE TO BS5950 : PART 1 : 2000 Version 6.5 539. w 1.2. L1 = = = = 11. Fc (Redundancy) = 31020.5 205.8 kN kN 3.000 r2 = Fc/Ag x yw = 1. Mx1 Self weight of proposed strut Mx1 = = 12.24 Compact = 36. b) Accidental loading is considered in the design of proposed temporary strutting system.2.0 3. Ms = = = = 16.5 mm4 per lace section 3 mm per lace section 3 mm per lace section mm per lace section 2.0 SUMMARY OF DESIGN Interactive Relationship : 3780 5170 6.4 = kNm 3.186 + 0 = 0. d Proposed sectional area. y' = 18. Lyy Distance between laced section Lacing Pitch. of expansion.1 Bending due to self-weight.974 1.2.000 3 kN/m kN/m metres Degrees per compound lace section Local Interactive Relationship 0.179 + 0 = 0. FT = = = = 1. Sxx = 4.795 + 0.30 Web is Plastic.1 29. MATERIAL PROPERTIES AND SECTION CLASSIFICATION Section design strength. PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED STRUT SECTION Proposed section depth. hence no reduction for design strength.MERDEKA STATION DESIGN SECTION : STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF TWIN LACED STRUT OF STEEL S355 (Grade 50B) SECTION REF.57 mm Strut deflection. c) Thermal load due to the temperature effects is considered in the design of proposed temporary strutting system.43E+08 3.800 10. Degree of restraint against wall Variation in strut temperature.0 415.4 Bending due to deflection induced by selfweight (P-delta effect)+ imposed load.09E+08 9. Ls The incidence angle of strut.2 BENDING ABOUT MAJOR AXIS. LOADING INFORMATIONS AND CALCULATIONS 3.1.205 + 0 = 0. : STRUT CAPACITY Soil Load Direction Assumptions made : 1) The benevolent effects of splay (knee strut) is not taken into account.59 Flange is Plastic.3 Bending due to eccentricity waler to strut connection.5 = kN/m 74.906 Value of epsilon. M x3 The minimum strut eccentricity.37E+07 Section elastic modulus. Iyy Section plastic modulus. B = Section flange thickness.1 AXIAL LOAD 3. rxx = 2. Fc (Normal) = 22680.0 updated on 24-05-2011 TITLE OF PROJECT : KLANG VALLEY MRT PROJECT (SBK LINE) . Syy Section elastic modulus. M x2 Imposed load onto section.0 N/mm2 (Clause 3.24 8. of strut L1 610x324x415. Ixx = 4.5 = 0.794 + 0.667 + 0.154 9. 1 = 67.1. Esteel = 205.54E+07 mm3 per lace section Section radius of gyration.0 mm per strut mm per strut mm4 per strut 3 mm per strut 3 mm per strut mm per strut Section moment of inertia. => The temperature difference is assumed as per DC/16/12 Section 16.24 Semi-compact = 36.01E+09 Section plastic modulus.10 = +/. Ag Proposed section mass. Iyy Section plastic modulus. t = 679. ryy = = = = 3.75E+02 mm per lace section Proposed sectional area. Pv. T = Section web thickness. incidence angle Lacing Pitch.950 kN/m per lace section = 1. Number of struts per laced section = = = = = Steel S275 Steel S355 DESIGNED BY : CWT CHECKED BY : DATE : 30-07-2012 Strut Force Direction .0 Axial Strut Force. Lxx Proposed effective length. r Depth between the fillets.16E+07 820. Section is classified as Class 1 &2 Proposed section actual d/t = Section web reduced strength.

3. LT = u ( The value of parameter w Section torsional index. pcy = 283. Pc Section moment capacity.19 Lacing slenderness.667 LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) = 0.00 1.000 w w = Zx/Sx = Zx/Sx The moment coefficient.1 Bending due to accidental load.54 0.05 Mx4 1.3.79 0. xx The Robertson constant.20 1.75 5. LT Section Perry coefficient.4 c) Design Strut Slenderness. LT Section Euler strength.0 kN kNm = = 2< L/1000.186 0.5 Bending due to accidental load. M x6 Accidental load in minor directions.05 1. pE The value of strength Compressive strength.2.3 SUMMARY OF FORCES Compound: LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Axial Mx My 35507 27100 27100 35857 2563 2021 1870 2465 0 0 131 0 Single: Axial Mx My 11836 9033 9033 11952 854 674 623 822 0 0 44 0 OK! OK! OK! OK! 0.y Mx6 = = 12 0 mm kNm = = 50.649 0.3. No need to consider P-delta effect Mx4 (Redundancy) = 0 kNm 4 SUMMARY OF LOADING INFORMATIONS 4.00 0.Mb = = = = = = = = = = = = = w) 0. Facc.902 30.09 7.0 13789 Based on BS5950-1:2000.500 15. c = 29.509 LC3 : 1-strut Failure = 0.889 3. = Curve (c) The limiting slenderness.655 0.6.205 0. mx The moment coefficient.eff / Sx N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 kNm The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pc + mxMx / Mcx + myMy / PyZy < 1. M y 3.00 1.00 0. Facc.000 2202 1269 335. pcx Compression resistance. Mcy = = = LACED 53265 13789 30671 SINGLE 17755 4596 30671 kN kNm kNm I) LOCAL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.1 The Interaction expression : Fc/Pc + Mx / Mcx + My / Mcy < 1.05 Mx2 1.40 1.60 0. Pcx (Laced) Compression resistance.8. Pcy (Laced) = 45114 kN Compression resistance.7 N/mm2 Compression resistance.860 12.852 II) THE OVERALL BUCKLING CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.83 5. LO The section Perry factor.05 1. u The value of slenderness.000 kN kNm kNm 0.000 0. LACED STRUT SECTION CAPACITY CHECK Compression resistance.900 OK! strut capacity 3X610X324X415 .00 143.40 1.00 0. mLT The moment coefficient.3. Pcx (Single) = = = = = = = = 41. where For Class 4 Slender cross section. If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4.05 1.500 The Robertson constant.3 BENDING ABOUT MINOR AXIS. /x Section slenderness factor.00 4.509 LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) = 0.05 0. pb Buckling resistance moment.0 -------------------.4. x Section buckling parameter.8.31 31.179 My/Mcy 0.794 0.05 Mx1 1.5 0.0 Fc/Pc LC1 : Normal Working Conditions = 0.4.1 829. pE The value of strength LT Section bending strength. = 0. Equivalent slenderness.3.05 1.145 1156.852 LC1 governs! 5.05 1.05 0.05 1. LO = 15.00 For Class 3 Semi-compact cross section.50 Mx3 1. yy = 12.7.Allowable deflection based on L/1000 Mx4 (Normal) 3.05 1.x Mx5 3.1 281. pE = 1219 N/mm 2 The value of strength = 861.7) The equivalent slenderness.6.50 0.05 1.54 The section Perry factor.Equation (1) Fc/Pc mxMx/PyZx myMy/PyZy For Major axis In-plane Buckling = 0. w = Zx.8 kN kNm 50.8 (g) Laced Strut Requirement The strut slenderness. LO The Robertson constant.852 0.50 0.000 0. Mcx Section moment capacity.950 0. Section 4. 1.004 0.40 1.05 Mx5 0.3.7.999 LC1 : Normal Working Conditions = 0.4) The strut slenderness.05 1.139 2 Section Euler strength.186 0.1 A) SECTION COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4.05 1.3 N/mm Compressive strength.10 *(max( yy.136 0. M x5 Accidental load in major directions. w = 1.673 Mx/Mcx 0. where If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4.00 My1 0.6.40 1.3.1 Load factors (ULS) Load Combs (ULS) LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Excavation Temperature 1. LT.y The limiting slenderness.10 CHECK: c <50 29.147 0.2 Factored Loadings (ULS) Load Combs (ULS) LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Excavation Temperature 31752 3755 23814 3286 23814 3286 32571 3286 Mx1 288 216 216 216 Mx2 119 37 37 37 Mx3 2156 1617 1617 2212 Mx4 0 0 0 0 Mx5 0 151 0 0 My1 0 0 131 0 4. Section Euler strength. yy = 40. my = = = 1.3 44719 14906 B) SECTION BENDING STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4.000 0. The limiting slenderness.3.00 125.05 1. Pcy (Single) = 15038 kN Curve (c) 2 N/mm 2 N/mm N/mm2 kN kN where For Class 1 Plastic or Class 2 Compact cross sections.

973 = 0.000 0.186 0.999 OK! OK! OK! 0.3.768 0.Equation (2) Fc/Pcy mLTMx/Mb myMy/PyZy For Lateral-Torsional Buckling = LC1 : Normal Working Conditions 0.000 0.8.0 -------------------.000 strut capacity 3X610X324X415 .974 LC4 governs! = = = 0.198 0.795 0.747 LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) 0.136 0.3.999 LC1 governs! III) THE LATERAL TORSIONAL BUCKLING CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.000 OK! OK! OK! OK! 0.756 0.1 The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pcy + mLTMx / Mb + myMy / PyZy < 1.601 0.147 0.740 = 0.162 0.179 0.787 0.000 LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) = 0.606 0.601 0.004 LC3 : 1-strut Failure 0.LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : 1-strut Failure 0.606 0.974 = 0.150 0.000 0.802 0.

10 mm4 per strut 3 mm per strut 3 mm per strut mm per strut B) PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED TRIPLE LACED STRUT SECTION Section moment of inertia. Section is classified as Class 1 &2 Proposed section actual d/t = Section web reduced strength.56E+07 mm per strut mm per strut mm per strut mm per strut Section root radius. Ms = = = = 16.972 1. of strut L1 610x324x455. M x2 Imposed load onto section.0 Outstand element of compression flange.906 Value of epsilon.1 Excavation Load Axial Strut Force.179 + 0 = 0. Ls The incidence angle of strut.000 r2 = Fc/Ag x yw = 1. of expansion.10 = 50 kN in any direction. Degree of restraint against wall Variation in strut temperature.7 kN kN 3.0 A) PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED SINGLE STRUT SECTION Section moment of inertia. M x3 The minimum strut eccentricity.54E+07 mm3 per lace section Section elastic modulus. : STRUT CAPACITY Soil Load Direction Assumptions made : 1) The benevolent effects of splay (knee strut) is not taken into account.5 = 0.4 = kNm 3.24E+06 81.17E+11 1. b/T Plastic = Compact = Semi-compact = OK! metres metres mm mm kN OK! OK! mm2 per strut kg/m per strut kN/mm2 r1 = Fc/d x t x yw = 1. 2=5wL4/384EI strut capacity 3X610X324X455 . Number of struts per laced section = = = = = Steel S275 Steel S355 DESIGNED BY : CWT CHECKED BY : DATE : 30-07-2012 Strut Force Direction . LOADING INFORMATIONS AND CALCULATIONS 3.59 Flange is Plastic. Ixx = 4.20E-05 0. Syy Section elastic modulus.51 mm Strut deflection. y' = 16. Zxx = 1.0 3. Zxx = 3.10 Degrees Celsius.1.19E+08 1. the proposed section is Non-slender. Esteel = 205.1. ryy = = = = 3.24 8. 2) Recommended as per CIRIA Special Publication 95 and CIRIA C517.00 3418. Ag Proposed section mass. Iyy Section plastic modulus.51E+07 Section elastic modulus. t = 689.0 mm per strut mm per strut mm4 per strut 3 mm per strut 3 mm per strut mm per strut Section moment of inertia. T Temperature Load.3 Bending due to eccentricity waler to strut connection.199 + 0 = 0. B = Section flange thickness. r Depth between the fillets.2. Proposed section actual b/T = 2. Pv.800 10. L1 = = = = 11.000 0.00 1000 2340 Proposed Strut Stiffness. Zyy Section radius of gyration.154 9.5) 3.6. Sxx = 1. Syy Section elastic modulus. w 1.0 updated on 24-05-2011 TITLE OF PROJECT : KLANG VALLEY MRT PROJECT (SBK LINE) . M x4 Self weight + imposed load onto section. ryy = = = = 1.0 N/mm2 0.5 540.2.77E+02 mm per lace section Proposed sectional area. Ag = 173700 mm2 per lace section Section moment of inertia.4 per Degree Celsius Degree Celsius kN kN/m kNm 3. c) Thermal load due to the temperature effects is considered in the design of proposed temporary strutting system.853 Overall Interactive Relationship 0.5 = kN/m 74. rxx = 2.673 + 0. EA = 3. D = Proposed section width.10 = +/. PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED STRUT SECTION Proposed section depth.5 mm4 per lace section 3 mm per lace section 3 mm per lace section mm per lace section 2.2 57900.88E+07 mm3 per lace section Section radius of gyration.50E+06 2.2 Bending due to imposed load.1 AXIAL LOAD 3.000 3 kN/m kN/m metres Degrees per compound lace section Local Interactive Relationship 0.0 Axial Strut Force.9 32. MATERIAL PROPERTIES AND SECTION CLASSIFICATION Section design strength.0 340. Ixx = 1.24 Semi-compact = 36.4 Bending due to deflection induced by selfweight (P-delta effect)+ imposed load.0 57.060 13. = [ 275/py ] Elastic modulus of Steel. Mx1 Self weight of proposed strut Mx1 = = 13.179 + 0 = 0.2.010 Web subject to Axial Compression and Bending (Generally) Plastic = 36. incidence angle Lacing Pitch. Sxx = 4.50 10.s = 18. FT = = = = 1.34E+10 mm4 per lace section Section plastic modulus.2 BENDING ABOUT MAJOR AXIS.8 + 0.45E+09 Section plastic modulus.90 mm Mx3a (Normal) = 1707 kNm Mx2 Mx3a (Redundancy) = 2336 kNm 3. hence no reduction for design strength. => The temperature difference is assumed as per DC/16/12 Section 16.1 Bending due to self-weight.7 225.29E+07 Section radius of gyration.MERDEKA STATION DESIGN SECTION : STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF TWIN LACED STRUT OF STEEL S355 (Grade 50B) SECTION REF. 335. Iyy Section plastic modulus.81E+08 3.2 Temperature Load Thermal coeff. rxx = 277.0kg/m Proposed effective length.AECOM SINGAPORE PTE LTD DESIGN OF SINGLE AND COMPOUND STRUTS WITH ROLLED STEEL SECTION IN ACCORDANCE TO BS5950 : PART 1 : 2000 Version 6. d Proposed sectional area. Fc (Normal) = 24780. 1 = 68.00E+08 820.936 Hence. Fc (Redundancy) = 33900.24 Compact = 36.793 + 0. y = 335. Proposed laced strut section = SUMMARY OF DESIGN INFORMATION Design (SLS) load (Normal) Design (SLS) load (Redundancy) Proposed strutting interval. Mx 3. T = Section web thickness.0 N/mm2 (Clause 3.0 455.2. => The accidental loading is assumed as per DC/16/12 Section 16. Lxx Proposed effective length.88 Web is Plastic.0 SUMMARY OF DESIGN Interactive Relationship : 4130 5650 6. a) Allow for eccentricity of axial load due to connection is taken to be approximately 10% of overall dimension of strut in the vertical plane.150 kN/m per lace section = 1.999 0. b) Accidental loading is considered in the design of proposed temporary strutting system. Zyy Section radius of gyration. Lyy Distance between laced section Lacing Pitch.

00 0.7) The equivalent slenderness.x Mx5 3.05 0.85 *(max( yy.6.889 3.3 SUMMARY OF FORCES Compound: LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Axial Mx My 38794 29608 29608 39184 2825 2218 2067 2727 0 0 131 0 Single: Axial Mx My 12931 9869 9869 13061 942 739 689 909 0 0 44 0 OK! OK! OK! OK! 0.40 1. xx The Robertson constant.1 A) SECTION COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4. u The value of slenderness.Equation (1) Fc/Pc mxMx/PyZx myMy/PyZy For Major axis In-plane Buckling = 0.655 0.40 1. w = Zx.4. M x6 Accidental load in minor directions. LT.792 0.137 2 Section Euler strength.509 LC3 : 1-strut Failure = 0.40 1.000 2305 1320 335.85 CHECK: c <50 28.395 0.3.1 Bending due to accidental load.900 OK! strut capacity 3X610X324X455 . LT = u ( The value of parameter w Section torsional index. Section 4.7.09 7.00 125.3.05 1. 1.05 1.892 29.00 0.00 143.47 5.000 kN kNm kNm 0. Facc.8 (g) Laced Strut Requirement The strut slenderness. M y 3.50 0. yy = 12.50 Mx3 1.0 15196 Based on BS5950-1:2000.eff / Sx N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 kNm The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pc + mxMx / Mcx + myMy / PyZy < 1. Facc.6 282.05 1.1 48998 16333 B) SECTION BENDING STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4.4) The strut slenderness.05 1.05 1. mLT The moment coefficient. my = = = 1.998 LC1 : Normal Working Conditions = 0.500 The Robertson constant. pcx Compression resistance. Mcx Section moment capacity.950 0.8 kN kNm 50.00 1. yy = 40. /x Section slenderness factor.39 5. Pcy (Single) = 16474 kN Curve (c) 2 N/mm 2 N/mm N/mm2 kN kN where For Class 1 Plastic or Class 2 Compact cross sections. where For Class 4 Slender cross section. Pcy (Laced) = 49423 kN Compression resistance. x Section buckling parameter.3.54 The section Perry factor.y Mx6 = = 12 0 mm kNm = = 50. pb Buckling resistance moment.20 1.0 -------------------.00 1.54 0.3.853 II) THE OVERALL BUCKLING CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.3. Equivalent slenderness.649 0.0 Fc/Pc LC1 : Normal Working Conditions = 0. LO The Robertson constant.5 N/mm2 Compression resistance.3.207 0. The limiting slenderness.8.2.5 Bending due to accidental load.186 0.4. LT Section Euler strength.7.40 1.00 4. No need to consider P-delta effect Mx4 (Redundancy) = 0 kNm 4 SUMMARY OF LOADING INFORMATIONS 4.5 0. LO = 15.63 31.00 For Class 3 Semi-compact cross section.2 N/mm Compressive strength.000 0. LT Section Perry coefficient.3.Allowable deflection based on L/1000 Mx4 (Normal) 3.509 LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) = 0. pE The value of strength Compressive strength.136 0.3.1 Load factors (ULS) Load Combs (ULS) LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Excavation Temperature 1.500 15. = 0.1 The Interaction expression : Fc/Pc + Mx / Mcx + My / Mcy < 1. mx The moment coefficient.05 1. LO The section Perry factor.05 1.05 Mx2 1.00 0. Pc Section moment capacity.179 My/Mcy 0.004 0.146 0.05 1.853 LC4 governs! 5. Pcx (Single) = = = = = = = = 41.19 Lacing slenderness.3 839.673 Mx/Mcx 0.05 1.143 1176. pcy = 284. pE = 1240 N/mm 2 The value of strength = 872.05 1. LACED STRUT SECTION CAPACITY CHECK Compression resistance.00 My1 0.y The limiting slenderness. Pcx (Laced) Compression resistance.50 0.8.05 Mx4 1.000 w w = Zx/Sx = Zx/Sx The moment coefficient. Section Euler strength. c = 28.60 0.2 Factored Loadings (ULS) Load Combs (ULS) LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Excavation Temperature 34692 4102 26019 3589 26019 3589 35595 3589 Mx1 316 237 237 237 Mx2 119 37 37 37 Mx3 2390 1793 1793 2452 Mx4 0 0 0 0 Mx5 0 151 0 0 My1 0 0 131 0 4.3 BENDING ABOUT MINOR AXIS. If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4.6.000 0. Mcy = = = LACED 58190 15196 33484 SINGLE 19397 5065 33484 kN kNm kNm I) LOCAL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.05 Mx1 1.853 0.05 0.90 0.667 LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) = 0.0 kN kNm = = 2< L/1000. where If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4. pE The value of strength LT Section bending strength. M x5 Accidental load in major directions.Mb = = = = = = = = = = = = = w) 0.6.855 11. w = 1.4 c) Design Strut Slenderness.05 Mx5 0.000 0. = Curve (c) The limiting slenderness.05 1.

199 0.Equation (2) Fc/Pcy mLTMx/Mb myMy/PyZy For Lateral-Torsional Buckling = LC1 : Normal Working Conditions 0.604 0.000 0.599 0.972 LC4 governs! = = = 0.3.136 0.756 0.000 LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) = 0.179 0.785 0.151 0.800 0.146 0.793 0.LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : 1-strut Failure 0.000 0.1 The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pcy + mLTMx / Mb + myMy / PyZy < 1.604 0.000 OK! OK! OK! OK! 0.767 0.599 0.745 LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) 0.972 = 0.739 = 0.004 LC3 : 1-strut Failure 0.162 0.999 OK! OK! OK! 0.000 strut capacity 3X610X324X455 .999 LC4 governs! III) THE LATERAL TORSIONAL BUCKLING CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.186 0.971 = 0.3.8.0 -------------------.000 0.

Typical Strutting Calculation Diagonal Strut .

incidence angle Lacing Pitch. Syy Section elastic modulus. FT = = = = 1.211 + 0 = 0. r Depth between the fillets. Lxx Proposed effective length.997 0.0kg/m Proposed effective length.7 kN kN 3. Ls The incidence angle of strut.792 Overall Interactive Relationship 0. Degree of restraint against wall Variation in strut temperature. Proposed laced strut section = SUMMARY OF DESIGN INFORMATION Design (SLS) load (Normal) Design (SLS) load (Redundancy) Proposed strutting interval.0 N/mm2 0.AECOM SINGAPORE PTE LTD DESIGN OF SINGLE AND COMPOUND STRUTS WITH ROLLED STEEL SECTION IN ACCORDANCE TO BS5950 : PART 1 : 2000 Version 6.2.944 1. M x4 Self weight + imposed load onto section.035 8.0 updated on 24-05-2011 TITLE OF PROJECT : KLANG VALLEY MRT PROJECT (SBK LINE) .30 Web is Semi-compact.2.1 Excavation Load Axial Strut Force.0 mm4 per lace section 3 mm per lace section 3 mm per lace section mm per lace section 2. the proposed section is Non-slender.571 + 0.10 = +/. Ag Proposed section mass.1. b) Accidental loading is considered in the design of proposed temporary strutting system.70 mm4 per strut 3 mm per strut 3 mm per strut mm per strut B) PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED DOUBLE LACED STRUT SECTION Section moment of inertia. L1 = = = = 14.6 14.2 307. t = 620.2.5 = 0.16E+10 2.55E+06 Section elastic modulus. Esteel = 205.709 + 0.70 14.5 540. T = Section web thickness.39 Flange is Plastic.1 23.02 mm Mx3a (Normal) = 350 kNm Mx2 Mx3a (Redundancy) = 491 kNm 3.00 897.43E+05 70. hence no reduction for design strength.6.580 kN/m per lace section = 6. d Proposed sectional area. Sxx = 1. T Temperature Load.5) 3.0 mm per strut mm per strut mm4 per strut 3 mm per strut 3 mm per strut mm per strut Section moment of inertia.35E+06 mm per strut mm per strut mm per strut mm per strut Section root radius. 2=5wL4/384EI DS capacity 2X610X305X179 . Mx 3.0 = kNm 3. Proposed section actual b/T = 6. Number of struts per laced section = = = = = Steel S275 Steel S355 DESIGNED BY : CWT CHECKED BY : LKW DATE : 30-07-2012 Strut Force Direction .222 + 0 = 0.71 Compact = 35. rxx = 259.14E+08 1.78E+07 505.893 Value of epsilon. y' = 38.506 Hence.6 3.2 Temperature Load Thermal coeff. Zxx = 4. rxx = 2.10 Degrees Celsius.7 Axial Strut Force. Ms = = = = 16.1 Bending due to self-weight. Iyy Section plastic modulus.2 BENDING ABOUT MAJOR AXIS.14E+06 7. ryy = = = = 1. of strut L1 610x305x179. b/T Plastic = Compact = Semi-compact = OK! metres metres mm mm kN OK! OK! mm2 per strut kg/m per strut kN/mm2 r1 = Fc/d x t x yw = 1.53E+09 Section plastic modulus.20E-05 0. Zxx = 9. MATERIAL PROPERTIES AND SECTION CLASSIFICATION Section design strength.000 2 kN/m kN/m metres Degrees per compound lace section Local Interactive Relationship 0. 1 = 62. Pv.0 179. Ag = 45600 mm2 per lace section Section moment of inertia.3 Bending due to eccentricity waler to strut connection. Sxx = 5. ryy = = = = 1. Lyy Distance between laced section Lacing Pitch.59E+02 mm per lace section Proposed sectional area. Fc (Redundancy) = 7919. Zyy Section radius of gyration.000 r2 = Fc/Ag x yw = 0. Fc (Normal) = 5642. LOADING INFORMATIONS AND CALCULATIONS 3.787 + 0.5 = kN/m 81.11E+07 mm3 per lace section Section elastic modulus.1 A) PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED SINGLE STRUT SECTION Section moment of inertia.4 per Degree Celsius Degree Celsius kN kN/m kNm 3.2.87E+06 mm3 per lace section Section radius of gyration.0 N/mm2 (Clause 3.71 Semi-compact = 49.800 10.94E+06 Section radius of gyration.235 + 0 = 0. : DIAGONAL STRUT CAPACITY Soil Load Direction Assumptions made : 1) The benevolent effects of splay (knee strut) is not taken into account. = [ 275/py ] Elastic modulus of Steel.70 1000 2340 Proposed Strut Stiffness.4 Bending due to deflection induced by selfweight (P-delta effect)+ imposed load.588 Web subject to Axial Compression and Bending (Generally) Plastic = 35.MERDEKA STATION DESIGN SECTION : STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF TWIN LACED STRUT OF STEEL S355 (Grade 50B) SECTION REF. y = 345. M x3 The minimum strut eccentricity. Section is classified as Class 3 Proposed section actual d/t = Section web reduced strength. Ixx = 1.38 mm Strut deflection.26E+07 1.1. of expansion.0 22800. Zyy Section radius of gyration. a) Allow for eccentricity of axial load due to connection is taken to be approximately 10% of overall dimension of strut in the vertical plane.2 Bending due to imposed load.s = 6.6 96.0 SUMMARY OF DESIGN Interactive Relationship : 1140 1600 3.10 = 50 kN in any direction. B = Section flange thickness.06E+09 mm4 per lace section Section plastic modulus. => The temperature difference is assumed as per DC/16/12 Section 16. EA = 9. 345. 2) Recommended as per CIRIA Special Publication 95 and CIRIA C517.1 AXIAL LOAD 3.500 45. Syy Section elastic modulus. M x2 Imposed load onto section. Ixx = 3. D = Proposed section width. PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED STRUT SECTION Proposed section depth. Mx1 Self weight of proposed strut Mx1 = = 3.21 8. Iyy Section plastic modulus. c) Thermal load due to the temperature effects is considered in the design of proposed temporary strutting system.928 13. => The accidental loading is assumed as per DC/16/12 Section 16.0 Outstand element of compression flange. w 1.

3. Facc.1 Load factors (ULS) Load Combs (ULS) LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Excavation Temperature 1.05 0.2 Factored Loadings (ULS) Load Combs (ULS) LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Excavation Temperature 7900 1077 5925 942 5925 942 8316 942 Mx1 135 102 102 102 Mx2 130 41 41 41 Mx3 490 367 367 516 Mx4 0 0 0 0 Mx5 0 193 0 0 My1 0 0 193 0 Single: Axial Mx My 4488 3434 3434 4629 377 351 255 329 0 0 96 0 OK! OK! OK! OK! 0. where For Class 4 Slender cross section.206 0.500 15. Pcx (Single) = = = = = = = = 56.y The limiting slenderness. LT Section Euler strength.2.031 0.047 1451 932 325.8 kN kNm = = 2< L/1000. pE The value of strength Compressive strength.05 Mx5 0. M x6 Accidental load in minor directions. pE = 942 N/mm 2 The value of strength = 724.3 SUMMARY OF FORCES Compound: LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Axial Mx My 8977 6867 6867 9258 755 702 510 658 0 0 193 0 5.00 1.792 LC1 governs! 4.950 0.05 1.3.00 183.000 0.05 1.4 c) Design Strut Slenderness.5 Bending due to accidental load.900 OK! DS capacity 2X610X305X179 .eff / Sx N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 kNm The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pc + mxMx / Mcx + myMy / PyZy < 1.7) The equivalent slenderness. Mcx Section moment capacity.05 Mx2 1.Mb = = = = = = = = = = = = = w) 0.3 BENDING ABOUT MINOR AXIS.50 0. pcy = 277.2 250.6. Pcx (Laced) Compression resistance.782 II) THE OVERALL BUCKLING CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.40 1.787 0.6.00 0. xx The Robertson constant. If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4.8 N/mm2 Compression resistance. pE The value of strength LT Section bending strength.3 3210 0.1 A) SECTION COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4.4.886 1. 1.3.20 1.05 1.1 Bending due to accidental load.00 For Class 3 Semi-compact cross section.500 The Robertson constant. LT.8 (g) Laced Strut Requirement The strut slenderness.6.05 Mx1 1. = 0.05 1. yy = 46. c = 33.997 LC1 : Normal Working Conditions = 0.05 1. LACED STRUT SECTION CAPACITY CHECK Compression resistance.1 The Interaction expression : Fc/Pc + Mx / Mcx + My / Mcy < 1. LO The section Perry factor.40 1. mLT The moment coefficient. = Curve (c) The limiting slenderness. Section Euler strength.588 Mx/Mcx 0.10 *(max( yy.63 7.5 Based on BS5950-1:2000.05 1.437 LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) = 0. Pcy (Laced) = 12667 kN Compression resistance.28 0. my = = = 1. u The value of slenderness.3 558.50 0. w = Zx.222 0.05 0.000 0.889 26.000 w w = Zx/Sx = Zx/Sx The moment coefficient. Section 4.Allowable deflection based on L/1000 Mx4 (Normal) 3.4) The strut slenderness.35 30. mx The moment coefficient.228 628.00 1.y Mx6 = = 15 0 mm kNm = = 50.7. LO The Robertson constant.792 0.8 kN kNm 50.3.618 0. M x5 Accidental load in major directions. x Section buckling parameter.643 0.00 0. No need to consider P-delta effect Mx4 (Redundancy) = 0 kNm 4 SUMMARY OF LOADING INFORMATIONS 4.60 0.3.00 183. Mcy = = = LACED 15732 3404 6138 SINGLE 7866 1703 6138 kN kNm kNm I) LOCAL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.000 kN kNm kNm 0.40 1.211 0.75 5. pb Buckling resistance moment.05 1.00 4.3.32 0. yy = 29. pcx Compression resistance.2 11411 5705 B) SECTION BENDING STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4.x Mx5 3.10 CHECK: c <50 33. LT = u ( The value of parameter w Section torsional index.00 0. Pc Section moment capacity.05 Mx4 1.0 Fc/Pc LC1 : Normal Working Conditions = 0.171 2 Section Euler strength.34 5.000 0.05 1.571 LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) = 0.05 1.4.7.05 1.3.40 1.32 The section Perry factor.965 37. M y 3.8.Equation (1) Fc/Pc mxMx/PyZx myMy/PyZy For Major axis In-plane Buckling = 0. w = 1. LO = 15.00 My1 0.150 0.1 N/mm Compressive strength. Facc.193 My/Mcy 0.8. The limiting slenderness.3.11 Lacing slenderness.763 0. /x Section slenderness factor.50 Mx3 1.437 LC3 : 1-strut Failure = 0. Pcy (Single) = 6334 kN Curve (c) 2 N/mm 2 N/mm N/mm2 kN kN where For Class 1 Plastic or Class 2 Compact cross sections. LT Section Perry coefficient.0 -------------------. Equivalent slenderness. where If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4.05 1.

235 0.997 LC1 governs! III) THE LATERAL TORSIONAL BUCKLING CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.944 = 0.0 -------------------.798 0.184 0.3.3.219 0.000 LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) = 0.729 = 0.000 0.542 0.709 0.602 0.000 OK! OK! OK! OK! 0.995 OK! OK! OK! 0.602 0.000 DS capacity 2X610X305X179 .205 0.542 0.028 LC3 : 1-strut Failure 0.747 0.761 LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) 0.000 0.1 The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pcy + mLTMx / Mb + myMy / PyZy < 1.811 0.159 0.LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : 1-strut Failure 0.003 0.196 0.731 0.Equation (2) Fc/Pcy mLTMx/Mb myMy/PyZy For Lateral-Torsional Buckling = LC1 : Normal Working Conditions 0.8.936 = 0.142 0.944 LC1 governs! = = = 0.

1 AXIAL LOAD 3.15E+09 Section plastic modulus.84E+08 1. => The accidental loading is assumed as per DC/16/12 Section 16.70 1000 2340 Proposed Strut Stiffness.1 Bending due to self-weight. 2) Recommended as per CIRIA Special Publication 95 and CIRIA C517.5) 3.s = 7. 2=5wL4/384EI DS capacity 2X610X324X241 .10 = 50 kN in any direction.500 45.3 Bending due to eccentricity waler to strut connection. : DIAGONAL STRUT CAPACITY Soil Load Direction Assumptions made : 1) The benevolent effects of splay (knee strut) is not taken into account. Lyy Distance between laced section Lacing Pitch. y' = 30.39 mm Strut deflection. Ls The incidence angle of strut. Ixx = 2.70 14.39 Flange is Plastic.822 kN/m per lace section = 5. rxx = 264.1kg/m Proposed effective length. T Temperature Load.73E+06 1.40 mm4 per strut 3 mm per strut 3 mm per strut mm per strut B) PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED DOUBLE LACED STRUT SECTION Section moment of inertia.0 17. Ixx = 4.9 A) PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED SINGLE STRUT SECTION Section moment of inertia. LOADING INFORMATIONS AND CALCULATIONS 3.800 10.928 13. Sxx = 7. Proposed section actual b/T = 5.204 + 0 = 0.AECOM SINGAPORE PTE LTD DESIGN OF SINGLE AND COMPOUND STRUTS WITH ROLLED STEEL SECTION IN ACCORDANCE TO BS5950 : PART 1 : 2000 Version 6.999 0.1.2. Lxx Proposed effective length. Pv.26E+07 mm per strut mm per strut mm per strut mm per strut Section root radius. r Depth between the fillets.2 Temperature Load Thermal coeff. b/T Plastic = Compact = Semi-compact = OK! metres metres mm mm kN OK! OK! mm2 per strut kg/m per strut kN/mm2 r1 = Fc/d x t x yw = 1. Section is classified as Class 1 &2 Proposed section actual d/t = Section web reduced strength.10 Degrees Celsius. the proposed section is Non-slender.795 + 0.20E-05 0. ryy = = = = 1.0 329.3 per Degree Celsius Degree Celsius kN kN/m kNm 3. EA = 1. = [ 275/py ] Elastic modulus of Steel. M x4 Self weight + imposed load onto section. Fc (Redundancy) = 10889.774 Overall Interactive Relationship 0. Esteel = 205. Zxx = 6. B = Section flange thickness.195 + 0 = 0. Ms = = = = 12.4 3.00 1212. Mx 3. ryy = = = = 1. Degree of restraint against wall Variation in strut temperature.59 Web is Plastic. y = 345.0 SUMMARY OF DESIGN Interactive Relationship : 1580 2200 3.0 N/mm2 (Clause 3.2 kN kN 3.37E+07 506.584 + 0. T = Section web thickness. b) Accidental loading is considered in the design of proposed temporary strutting system.1 31.0 241. FT = = = = 1.0 updated on 24-05-2011 TITLE OF PROJECT : KLANG VALLEY MRT PROJECT (SBK LINE) .000 r2 = Fc/Ag x yw = 0. rxx = 2.0 Outstand element of compression flange. 1 = 63. of expansion. M x2 Imposed load onto section. M x3 The minimum strut eccentricity. c) Thermal load due to the temperature effects is considered in the design of proposed temporary strutting system.8 130.1 mm per strut mm per strut mm4 per strut 3 mm per strut 3 mm per strut mm per strut Section moment of inertia.4 Bending due to deflection induced by selfweight (P-delta effect)+ imposed load. Number of struts per laced section = = = = = Steel S275 Steel S355 DESIGNED BY : CWT CHECKED BY : LKW DATE : 30-07-2012 Strut Force Direction .895 1. Iyy Section plastic modulus. hence no reduction for design strength. PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED STRUT SECTION Proposed section depth. L1 = = = = 14.58E+10 3. Syy Section elastic modulus.2.10 = +/. Iyy Section plastic modulus. Fc (Normal) = 7820. t = 635. Ag = 61600 mm2 per lace section Section moment of inertia. MATERIAL PROPERTIES AND SECTION CLASSIFICATION Section design strength.5 = kN/m 81.598 Web subject to Axial Compression and Bending (Generally) Plastic = 35. Ag Proposed section mass.78E+06 Section radius of gyration. of strut L1 610x324x241. Sxx = 1.7 547.36E+07 mm3 per lace section Section radius of gyration.0 = kNm 3.2.2 Bending due to imposed load.1 Excavation Load Axial Strut Force.308 Hence.1. d Proposed sectional area.31E+09 mm4 per lace section Section plastic modulus.0 mm4 per lace section 3 mm per lace section 3 mm per lace section mm per lace section 2.6.0 N/mm2 0. w 1. Mx1 Self weight of proposed strut Mx1 = = 4. a) Allow for eccentricity of axial load due to connection is taken to be approximately 10% of overall dimension of strut in the vertical plane. Zyy Section radius of gyration.000 2 kN/m kN/m metres Degrees per compound lace section Local Interactive Relationship 0.19 + 0 = 0. Proposed laced strut section = SUMMARY OF DESIGN INFORMATION Design (SLS) load (Normal) Design (SLS) load (Redundancy) Proposed strutting interval.64E+02 mm per lace section Proposed sectional area.893 Value of epsilon.2 BENDING ABOUT MAJOR AXIS.7 + 0.6 30800. Syy Section elastic modulus. Zyy Section radius of gyration.71 Semi-compact = 48. D = Proposed section width. incidence angle Lacing Pitch.MERDEKA STATION DESIGN SECTION : STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF TWIN LACED STRUT OF STEEL S355 (Grade 50B) SECTION REF.53E+07 mm3 per lace section Section elastic modulus.6 Axial Strut Force.5 = 0.79 8. Zxx = 1.2.71 Compact = 35. 345.50 mm Mx3a (Normal) = 497 kNm Mx2 Mx3a (Redundancy) = 691 kNm 3.035 8.07E+07 2.12E+06 77. => The temperature difference is assumed as per DC/16/12 Section 16.67E+06 Section elastic modulus.

4.615 0.Equation (1) Fc/Pc mxMx/PyZx myMy/PyZy For Major axis In-plane Buckling = 0.00 0.950 0.446 LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) = 0.0 -------------------.00 4. where If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4.23 *(max( yy.63 7.8.204 0.00 183.7.1 Load factors (ULS) Load Combs (ULS) LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Excavation Temperature 1.00 For Class 3 Semi-compact cross section. Mcx Section moment capacity.20 1.05 1. Pcx (Laced) Compression resistance.149 2 Section Euler strength. u The value of slenderness.5 Bending due to accidental load.3 SUMMARY OF FORCES Compound: LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Axial Mx My 12404 9485 9485 12707 1007 892 699 903 0 0 193 0 5. c = 30.6.024 0. pcx Compression resistance.1 N/mm Compressive strength. If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4.7) The equivalent slenderness. pE The value of strength LT Section bending strength.066 0.05 1.05 Mx1 1.05 1. Pcy (Laced) = 17720 kN Compression resistance.40 1. LO The section Perry factor.3.888 2.500 15.33 5.3.05 0.8 kN kNm 50.4 c) Design Strut Slenderness. /x Section slenderness factor.05 Lacing slenderness. Pcx (Single) = = = = = = = = 55.50 Mx3 1. LT Section Euler strength.774 LC1 governs! 4. No need to consider P-delta effect Mx4 (Redundancy) = 0 kNm 4 SUMMARY OF LOADING INFORMATIONS 4.221 654.4) The strut slenderness.05 0. yy = 42.05 1. LT.05 1. yy = 29. Pcy (Single) = 8860 kN Curve (c) 2 N/mm 2 N/mm N/mm2 kN kN where For Class 1 Plastic or Class 2 Compact cross sections.50 0.1 The Interaction expression : Fc/Pc + Mx / Mcx + My / Mcy < 1. = Curve (c) The limiting slenderness. mLT The moment coefficient.Allowable deflection based on L/1000 Mx4 (Normal) 3. M x5 Accidental load in major directions.3 BENDING ABOUT MINOR AXIS.60 0.y The limiting slenderness.8.05 Mx4 1. M y 3.40 1.40 1. mx The moment coefficient.2.x Mx5 3.3.000 kN kNm kNm 0.000 0.900 OK! DS capacity 2X610X324X241 .eff / Sx N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 kNm The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pc + mxMx / Mcx + myMy / PyZy < 1.7 N/mm2 Compression resistance.999 LC1 : Normal Working Conditions = 0. w = 1.795 0.05 1.8 (g) Laced Strut Requirement The strut slenderness.3.3.00 1. = 0. xx The Robertson constant.0 Fc/Pc LC1 : Normal Working Conditions = 0.171 My/Mcy 0. w = Zx.05 1.500 The Robertson constant. pE The value of strength Compressive strength.769 II) THE OVERALL BUCKLING CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4. Mcy = = = LACED 21252 5292 8186 SINGLE 10626 2646 8186 kN kNm kNm I) LOCAL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4. Facc.00 183.4 15611 7806 B) SECTION BENDING STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4.021 1784 1083 336.132 0. 1.190 0. x Section buckling parameter.05 Mx2 1.168 0.50 0.59 5.05 Mx5 0.446 LC3 : 1-strut Failure = 0.953 33.2 5157 0.1 Bending due to accidental load.7.23 CHECK: c <50 30.3.4 253.00 0.05 1.48 0. Section 4. LT Section Perry coefficient.68 30.3. pE = 1129 N/mm 2 The value of strength = 821.8 572. The limiting slenderness. LT = u ( The value of parameter w Section torsional index.598 Mx/Mcx 0.1 A) SECTION COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4.2 Factored Loadings (ULS) Load Combs (ULS) LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Excavation Temperature 10949 1455 8212 1273 8212 1273 11434 1273 Mx1 182 137 137 137 Mx2 130 41 41 41 Mx3 695 521 521 726 Mx4 0 0 0 0 Mx5 0 193 0 0 My1 0 0 193 0 Single: Axial Mx My 6202 4742 4742 6353 504 446 349 452 0 0 96 0 OK! OK! OK! OK! 0.05 1.00 My1 0.32 0.6. where For Class 4 Slender cross section. LO = 15.8 kN kNm = = 2< L/1000.000 0. pb Buckling resistance moment. M x6 Accidental load in minor directions.40 1.3.00 0.4. LACED STRUT SECTION CAPACITY CHECK Compression resistance.y Mx6 = = 15 0 mm kNm = = 50. Section Euler strength.00 1. my = = = 1.05 1.000 w w = Zx/Sx = Zx/Sx The moment coefficient.885 20. LO The Robertson constant. pcy = 287.584 LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) = 0. Facc.6.32 The section Perry factor.602 0.774 0.5 Based on BS5950-1:2000. Equivalent slenderness.000 0. Pc Section moment capacity.05 1.Mb = = = = = = = = = = = = = w) 0.

175 0.000 DS capacity 2X610X324X241 .8.183 0.LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : 1-strut Failure 0.3.135 0.195 0.1 The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pcy + mLTMx / Mb + myMy / PyZy < 1.997 OK! OK! OK! 0.173 0.608 0.000 OK! OK! OK! OK! 0.535 0.751 0.708 LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) 0.000 0.717 0.999 LC1 governs! III) THE LATERAL TORSIONAL BUCKLING CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.181 0.3.Equation (2) Fc/Pcy mLTMx/Mb myMy/PyZy For Lateral-Torsional Buckling = LC1 : Normal Working Conditions 0.021 LC3 : 1-strut Failure 0.535 0.895 LC1 governs! = = = 0.895 = 0.142 0.608 0.789 0.000 0.814 0.892 = 0.0 -------------------.700 0.000 LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) = 0.002 0.692 = 0.

32E+07 3.906 Value of epsilon.93E+07 mm3 per lace section Section radius of gyration.189 + 0 = 0.17 8. Mx 3. B = Section flange thickness. ryy = = = = 2. c) Thermal load due to the temperature effects is considered in the design of proposed temporary strutting system. y = 335.23E+10 4. Proposed laced strut section = SUMMARY OF DESIGN INFORMATION Design (SLS) load (Normal) Design (SLS) load (Redundancy) Proposed strutting interval. = [ 275/py ] Elastic modulus of Steel.s = 9. Ag Proposed section mass. Zyy Section radius of gyration. Fc (Normal) = 10889. rxx = 2.2 Bending due to imposed load. Ls The incidence angle of strut.2. Fc (Redundancy) = 15096.0 333. Lxx Proposed effective length.5 540.2 Temperature Load Thermal coeff. hence no reduction for design strength.2 kN kN 3. b) Accidental loading is considered in the design of proposed temporary strutting system. Sxx = 2.781 Overall Interactive Relationship 0.0 341.10 = +/.2 BENDING ABOUT MAJOR AXIS.14 Web is Plastic. Esteel = 205. Iyy Section plastic modulus. D = Proposed section width. Ixx = 3.19E+09 Section plastic modulus.2. 2=5wL4/384EI DS capacity 2X610X324X341 .060 13.2.24 Semi-compact = 49.1 Excavation Load Axial Strut Force. 1 = 66. incidence angle Lacing Pitch.1.10 mm Mx3a (Normal) = 720 kNm Mx2 Mx3a (Redundancy) = 998 kNm 3.0 mm per strut mm per strut mm4 per strut 3 mm per strut 3 mm per strut mm per strut Section moment of inertia.800 10.820 kN/m per lace section = 4. the proposed section is Non-slender.705 + 0.154 9.6. 2) Recommended as per CIRIA Special Publication 95 and CIRIA C517. Syy Section elastic modulus. L1 = = = = 14.71E+02 mm per lace section Proposed sectional area.22E+07 mm3 per lace section Section elastic modulus. y' = 22. Iyy Section plastic modulus.59 Flange is Plastic.8 184.793 + 0.10 = 50 kN in any direction.2 mm4 per lace section 3 mm per lace section 3 mm per lace section mm per lace section 2.38E+09 mm4 per lace section Section plastic modulus. : DIAGONAL STRUT CAPACITY Soil Load Direction Assumptions made : 1) The benevolent effects of splay (knee strut) is not taken into account.0 SUMMARY OF DESIGN Interactive Relationship : 2200 3050 3.00 mm4 per strut 3 mm per strut 3 mm per strut mm per strut B) PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED DOUBLE LACED STRUT SECTION Section moment of inertia. rxx = 271.188 + 0 = 0.0kg/m Proposed effective length.4 Bending due to deflection induced by selfweight (P-delta effect)+ imposed load.63E+06 79.2 per Degree Celsius Degree Celsius kN kN/m kNm 3.70 14.1 Bending due to self-weight.34E+07 506. T Temperature Load.0 N/mm2 0.500 45.5) 3. Proposed section actual b/T = 3.4 A) PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED SINGLE STRUT SECTION Section moment of inertia.MERDEKA STATION DESIGN SECTION : STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF TWIN LACED STRUT OF STEEL S355 (Grade 50B) SECTION REF.52E+06 1. Ixx = 6.0 43. r Depth between the fillets.9 24. M x3 The minimum strut eccentricity.205 + 0 = 0. Ms = = = = 16. w 1. t = 661.78E+07 mm per strut mm per strut mm per strut mm per strut Section root radius. LOADING INFORMATIONS AND CALCULATIONS 3.1 AXIAL LOAD 3. FT = = = = 1.0 Outstand element of compression flange. Pv. b/T Plastic = Compact = Semi-compact = OK! metres metres mm mm kN OK! OK! mm2 per strut kg/m per strut kN/mm2 r1 = Fc/d x t x yw = 1. Mx1 Self weight of proposed strut Mx1 = = 6. Degree of restraint against wall Variation in strut temperature. T = Section web thickness.71E+08 2. Zxx = 9.2.5 = 0.0 N/mm2 (Clause 3.000 r2 = Fc/Ag x yw = 0. M x2 Imposed load onto section.00 1712.5 = kN/m 81.0 = kNm 3. PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED STRUT SECTION Proposed section depth. of expansion.594 + 0.793 Hence.2 43500.1.AECOM SINGAPORE PTE LTD DESIGN OF SINGLE AND COMPOUND STRUTS WITH ROLLED STEEL SECTION IN ACCORDANCE TO BS5950 : PART 1 : 2000 Version 6. EA = 1.70 1000 2340 Proposed Strut Stiffness.7 3. MATERIAL PROPERTIES AND SECTION CLASSIFICATION Section design strength.894 1. of strut L1 610x324x341.57 mm Strut deflection.0 updated on 24-05-2011 TITLE OF PROJECT : KLANG VALLEY MRT PROJECT (SBK LINE) . Ag = 87000 mm2 per lace section Section moment of inertia. Zxx = 1. Sxx = 1. => The temperature difference is assumed as per DC/16/12 Section 16. Zyy Section radius of gyration. Syy Section elastic modulus.3 Bending due to eccentricity waler to strut connection. Number of struts per laced section = = = = = Steel S275 Steel S355 DESIGNED BY : CWT CHECKED BY : LKW DATE : 30-07-2012 Strut Force Direction .10 Degrees Celsius.4 Axial Strut Force. d Proposed sectional area.606 Web subject to Axial Compression and Bending (Generally) Plastic = 36. => The accidental loading is assumed as per DC/16/12 Section 16. M x4 Self weight + imposed load onto section.65E+06 Section radius of gyration. ryy = = = = 2.11E+07 Section elastic modulus. Lyy Distance between laced section Lacing Pitch. a) Allow for eccentricity of axial load due to connection is taken to be approximately 10% of overall dimension of strut in the vertical plane. 335.24 Compact = 36.000 2 kN/m kN/m metres Degrees per compound lace section Local Interactive Relationship 0. Section is classified as Class 1 &2 Proposed section actual d/t = Section web reduced strength.998 0.20E-05 0.

143 2 Section Euler strength.40 1.890 2. LACED STRUT SECTION CAPACITY CHECK Compression resistance. M x6 Accidental load in minor directions.000 w w = Zx/Sx = Zx/Sx The moment coefficient.017 0. = Curve (c) The limiting slenderness.205 0.06 0. pcy = 282.6.3. c = 29.1 A) SECTION COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4. /x Section slenderness factor. Pcx (Single) = = = = = = = = 54.40 1. pcx Compression resistance.188 0. pE The value of strength LT Section bending strength. LO The Robertson constant. Equivalent slenderness. LT.6 584.500 15.0 Fc/Pc LC1 : Normal Working Conditions = 0.05 0.05 0. yy = 41. pE The value of strength Compressive strength.x Mx5 3. The limiting slenderness.7 N/mm Compressive strength.4.05 1.4) The strut slenderness. xx The Robertson constant.7. M x5 Accidental load in major directions.998 LC1 : Normal Working Conditions = 0. LT = u ( The value of parameter w Section torsional index.8 21820 10910 B) SECTION BENDING STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4.500 The Robertson constant.62 CHECK: c <50 29.00 For Class 3 Semi-compact cross section.05 1.005 2004 1174 333.05 Mx1 1.05 1.781 0. No need to consider P-delta effect Mx4 (Redundancy) = 0 kNm 4 SUMMARY OF LOADING INFORMATIONS 4.923 31. x Section buckling parameter.950 0.000 0.05 1.05 Mx4 1.4 c) Design Strut Slenderness. Section Euler strength.7) The equivalent slenderness.8. my = = = 1.454 LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) = 0. w = Zx.8 (g) Laced Strut Requirement The strut slenderness.05 1.613 0.40 1.5 Based on BS5950-1:2000. w = 1.454 LC3 : 1-strut Failure = 0.eff / Sx N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 kNm The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pc + mxMx / Mcx + myMy / PyZy < 1. If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4. where For Class 4 Slender cross section.05 1.2 Factored Loadings (ULS) Load Combs (ULS) LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Excavation Temperature 15245 2055 11434 1798 11434 1798 15852 1798 Mx1 258 193 193 193 Mx2 130 41 41 41 Mx3 1008 756 756 1048 Mx4 0 0 0 0 Mx5 0 193 0 0 My1 0 0 193 0 Single: Axial Mx My 8650 6616 6616 8825 698 591 495 641 0 0 96 0 OK! OK! OK! OK! 0.173 My/Mcy 0.3 BENDING ABOUT MINOR AXIS.900 OK! DS capacity 2X610X324X341 .00 183. LT Section Euler strength.00 1.754 0.0 250.000 0.20 1.1 N/mm2 Compression resistance. LT Section Perry coefficient.y Mx6 = = 15 0 mm kNm = = 50.3 SUMMARY OF FORCES Compound: LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Axial Mx My 17300 13232 13232 17649 1395 1183 990 1282 0 0 193 0 5. 1.4.870 15. where If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4.77 31. LO The section Perry factor. Mcx Section moment capacity.40 1. Pcy (Single) = 12271 kN Curve (c) 2 N/mm 2 N/mm N/mm2 kN kN where For Class 1 Plastic or Class 2 Compact cross sections.7.05 1. pb Buckling resistance moment.1 Load factors (ULS) Load Combs (ULS) LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Excavation Temperature 1.000 0.5 Bending due to accidental load.00 183.0 -------------------.3.606 Mx/Mcx 0.05 Mx2 1.3.Equation (1) Fc/Pc mxMx/PyZx myMy/PyZy For Major axis In-plane Buckling = 0. Facc.50 Mx3 1. M y 3. Section 4. pE = 1177 N/mm 2 The value of strength = 839. Facc.6.05 1.y The limiting slenderness.133 0. u The value of slenderness.8 kN kNm = = 2< L/1000. Pcx (Laced) Compression resistance.3.3. yy = 29.00 0.50 0.1 The Interaction expression : Fc/Pc + Mx / Mcx + My / Mcy < 1.213 686.00 0.09 7. LO = 15.1 Bending due to accidental load.Mb = = = = = = = = = = = = = w) 0. mLT The moment coefficient. Mcy = = = LACED 29145 7430 11204 SINGLE 14573 3715 11204 kN kNm kNm I) LOCAL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.00 My1 0.05 1.781 LC1 governs! 4.28 5.3.604 0.05 1.54 The section Perry factor.04 Lacing slenderness.2.00 0. = 0.Allowable deflection based on L/1000 Mx4 (Normal) 3.6.1 7388 0.000 kN kNm kNm 0.05 1.594 LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) = 0.54 0.50 0.778 II) THE OVERALL BUCKLING CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.793 0.8.62 *(max( yy. mx The moment coefficient.05 Mx5 0.159 0.00 4. Pcy (Laced) = 24542 kN Compression resistance.3. Pc Section moment capacity.60 0.00 1.3.47 5.8 kN kNm 50.

539 0.145 0.753 0.189 0.998 LC1 governs! III) THE LATERAL TORSIONAL BUCKLING CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.000 0.Equation (2) Fc/Pcy mLTMx/Mb myMy/PyZy For Lateral-Torsional Buckling = LC1 : Normal Working Conditions 0.1 The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pcy + mLTMx / Mb + myMy / PyZy < 1.LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : 1-strut Failure 0.606 0.8.3.000 DS capacity 2X610X324X341 .689 = 0.894 LC1 governs! = = = 0.188 0.705 0.997 OK! OK! OK! 0.0 -------------------.893 = 0.606 0.894 = 0.539 0.000 LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) = 0.719 0.000 0.3.174 0.000 OK! OK! OK! OK! 0.160 0.015 LC3 : 1-strut Failure 0.780 0.134 0.809 0.173 0.002 0.699 LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) 0.

: DIAGONAL STRUT CAPACITY Soil Load Direction Assumptions made : 1) The benevolent effects of splay (knee strut) is not taken into account.060 13. incidence angle Lacing Pitch.10 = +/.719 + 0.0 N/mm2 0.03E+06 80. FT = = = = 1.183 Hence. ryy = = = = 3. T Temperature Load.2. Pv. 2) Recommended as per CIRIA Special Publication 95 and CIRIA C517.36E+07 mm3 per lace section Section radius of gyration.10 = 50 kN in any direction.3 Bending due to eccentricity waler to strut connection. Degree of restraint against wall Variation in strut temperature.609 Web subject to Axial Compression and Bending (Generally) Plastic = 36.01E+09 mm4 per lace section Section plastic modulus.999 0.17E+07 mm per strut mm per strut mm per strut mm per strut Section root radius. Sxx = 1.16E+06 2.2.18E+07 Section radius of gyration. M x3 The minimum strut eccentricity. Zyy Section radius of gyration.800 10. y' = 18.2 Temperature Load Thermal coeff. a) Allow for eccentricity of axial load due to connection is taken to be approximately 10% of overall dimension of strut in the vertical plane. M x4 Self weight + imposed load onto section.0 Outstand element of compression flange. T = Section web thickness.01E+09 Section plastic modulus.40 mm4 per strut 3 mm per strut 3 mm per strut mm per strut B) PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED DOUBLE LACED STRUT SECTION Section moment of inertia.174 + 0 = 0.154 9.2 kN kN 3.5 A) PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED SINGLE STRUT SECTION Section moment of inertia.0 53.18 mm Strut deflection.6. Ag Proposed section mass.0 415.0 updated on 24-05-2011 TITLE OF PROJECT : KLANG VALLEY MRT PROJECT (SBK LINE) .24 Compact = 36.3 224.06E+07 506. y = 335.000 2 kN/m kN/m metres Degrees per compound lace section Local Interactive Relationship 0.186 + 0 = 0. D = Proposed section width.10 Degrees Celsius.8 53000. 2=5wL4/384EI DS capacity 2X610X324X415 . ryy = = = = 2. hence no reduction for design strength. L1 = = = = 14.784 Overall Interactive Relationship 0.24 Semi-compact = 49.906 Value of epsilon. rxx = 275.70 14.72E+10 5. rxx = 2.1.2.1 3. => The accidental loading is assumed as per DC/16/12 Section 16.43E+08 3. Zyy Section radius of gyration. Section is classified as Class 1 &2 Proposed section actual d/t = Section web reduced strength. MATERIAL PROPERTIES AND SECTION CLASSIFICATION Section design strength. Fc (Redundancy) = 18512. B = Section flange thickness. Ls The incidence angle of strut. Mx1 Self weight of proposed strut Mx1 = = 8. Lyy Distance between laced section Lacing Pitch. Syy Section elastic modulus. r Depth between the fillets.1 Excavation Load Axial Strut Force.AECOM SINGAPORE PTE LTD DESIGN OF SINGLE AND COMPOUND STRUTS WITH ROLLED STEEL SECTION IN ACCORDANCE TO BS5950 : PART 1 : 2000 Version 6. b/T Plastic = Compact = Semi-compact = OK! metres metres mm mm kN OK! OK! mm2 per strut kg/m per strut kN/mm2 r1 = Fc/d x t x yw = 1.0 mm per strut mm per strut mm4 per strut 3 mm per strut 3 mm per strut mm per strut Section moment of inertia. = [ 275/py ] Elastic modulus of Steel.74E+07 mm3 per lace section Section elastic modulus. b) Accidental loading is considered in the design of proposed temporary strutting system.4 mm4 per lace section 3 mm per lace section 3 mm per lace section mm per lace section 2.s = 11.2. Ag = 106000 mm2 per lace section Section moment of inertia. Lxx Proposed effective length. Zxx = 2.0 N/mm2 (Clause 3. 1 = 67. Zxx = 1.30 Web is Plastic.192 + 0 = 0.5) 3. 335.90 mm Mx3a (Normal) = 907 kNm Mx2 Mx3a (Redundancy) = 1257 kNm 3.37E+07 Section elastic modulus. the proposed section is Non-slender.4 Bending due to deflection induced by selfweight (P-delta effect)+ imposed load.02 8.1. Proposed section actual b/T = 3.5 539. Sxx = 2. Syy Section elastic modulus.0 SUMMARY OF DESIGN Interactive Relationship : 2700 3740 3.300 kN/m per lace section = 4.28E+07 4.2 BENDING ABOUT MAJOR AXIS. Ixx = 8. Fc (Normal) = 13364. PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED STRUT SECTION Proposed section depth. Ms = = = = 16. EA = 2. => The temperature difference is assumed as per DC/16/12 Section 16.70 1000 2340 Proposed Strut Stiffness. Esteel = 205.20E-05 0. M x2 Imposed load onto section. Ixx = 4.1 Bending due to self-weight.000 r2 = Fc/Ag x yw = 0.1 AXIAL LOAD 3.0 338.893 1.1 29. LOADING INFORMATIONS AND CALCULATIONS 3.500 45.5 = kN/m 81. Mx 3. of expansion. Number of struts per laced section = = = = = Steel S275 Steel S355 DESIGNED BY : CWT CHECKED BY : LKW DATE : 30-07-2012 Strut Force Direction .2 Bending due to imposed load.597 + 0.807 + 0. Iyy Section plastic modulus.MERDEKA STATION DESIGN SECTION : STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF TWIN LACED STRUT OF STEEL S355 (Grade 50B) SECTION REF.1 per Degree Celsius Degree Celsius kN kN/m kNm 3.00 2086. t = 679. of strut L1 610x324x415.0 = kNm 3.5 = 0.0kg/m Proposed effective length. w 1. c) Thermal load due to the temperature effects is considered in the design of proposed temporary strutting system. Proposed laced strut section = SUMMARY OF DESIGN INFORMATION Design (SLS) load (Normal) Design (SLS) load (Redundancy) Proposed strutting interval.59 Flange is Plastic. Iyy Section plastic modulus.75E+02 mm per lace section Proposed sectional area. d Proposed sectional area.3 Axial Strut Force.

Pcy (Laced) = 30076 kN Compression resistance.y Mx6 = = 15 0 mm kNm = = 50. Pcy (Single) = 15038 kN Curve (c) 2 N/mm 2 N/mm N/mm2 kN kN where For Class 1 Plastic or Class 2 Compact cross sections.05 Mx2 1.eff / Sx N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 kNm The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pc + mxMx / Mcx + myMy / PyZy < 1. LO The Robertson constant.05 1. pcx Compression resistance.00 0.7.014 0.03 Lacing slenderness.00 1.860 12. LO The section Perry factor.3. LT Section Euler strength.10 CHECK: c <50 29.4.4) The strut slenderness.8 kN kNm = = 2< L/1000.05 1.x Mx5 3.1 Load factors (ULS) Load Combs (ULS) LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Excavation Temperature 1.186 0.0 9192 0. yy = 29.457 LC3 : 1-strut Failure = 0. Equivalent slenderness.05 0.10 *(max( yy. Facc.48 5.3 BENDING ABOUT MINOR AXIS.0 Fc/Pc LC1 : Normal Working Conditions = 0. w = 1. Pc Section moment capacity.3.3. Section Euler strength. my = = = 1.791 0.000 0.00 4.54 0.8 kN kNm 50. LACED STRUT SECTION CAPACITY CHECK Compression resistance.4 c) Design Strut Slenderness. Pcx (Single) = = = = = = = = 53. pE The value of strength LT Section bending strength. x Section buckling parameter.209 707.40 1. LO = 15.60 0.05 1.05 1.05 Mx5 0. where If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4.y The limiting slenderness.000 w w = Zx/Sx = Zx/Sx The moment coefficient. pE = 1219 N/mm 2 The value of strength = 861.00 183.1 The Interaction expression : Fc/Pc + Mx / Mcx + My / Mcy < 1.000 2202 1269 335.612 0.2 Factored Loadings (ULS) Load Combs (ULS) LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Excavation Temperature 18710 2503 14033 2190 14033 2190 19438 2190 Mx1 314 235 235 235 Mx2 130 41 41 41 Mx3 1270 953 953 1320 Mx4 0 0 0 0 Mx5 0 193 0 0 My1 0 0 193 0 4.00 0. Mcy = = = LACED 35510 9192 13613 SINGLE 17755 4596 13613 kN kNm kNm I) LOCAL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.05 1.7) The equivalent slenderness.155 0.5 595. pE The value of strength Compressive strength.00 My1 0. u The value of slenderness. w = Zx.79 0.784 LC1 governs! 5. = 0.206 0. LT.889 3.134 0.40 1.00 1. M x5 Accidental load in major directions. M y 3.8.05 1.950 0.457 LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) = 0.174 My/Mcy 0. Section 4.900 OK! DS capacity 2X610X324X415 . M x6 Accidental load in minor directions.05 Mx1 1. mx The moment coefficient.3.605 0.00 For Class 3 Semi-compact cross section. pb Buckling resistance moment.9 26807 13403 B) SECTION BENDING STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4.40 1. LT Section Perry coefficient.6.5 Based on BS5950-1:2000.50 0.75 5.05 1.1 Bending due to accidental load.31 31. 1.3 N/mm Compressive strength.4.000 0.00 0.Equation (1) Fc/Pc mxMx/PyZx myMy/PyZy For Major axis In-plane Buckling = 0.6.3 SUMMARY OF FORCES Compound: LC1 : Normal Working Conditions LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction) LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure) Axial Mx My 21213 16223 16223 21628 1714 1422 1229 1596 0 0 193 0 Single: Axial Mx My 10607 8111 8111 10814 857 711 614 798 0 0 96 0 OK! OK! OK! OK! 0.784 0.05 Mx4 1.54 The section Perry factor. /x Section slenderness factor. xx The Robertson constant.902 30.50 Mx3 1.2.597 LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction) = 0.500 The Robertson constant.20 1.05 1.7.05 1. where For Class 4 Slender cross section.00 183.5 Bending due to accidental load.3. yy = 40. Mcx Section moment capacity. = Curve (c) The limiting slenderness.783 II) THE OVERALL BUCKLING CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.3.05 1. The limiting slenderness. Facc.1 252.500 15.000 kN kNm kNm 0.139 2 Section Euler strength. If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4. pcy = 283. No need to consider P-delta effect Mx4 (Redundancy) = 0 kNm 4 SUMMARY OF LOADING INFORMATIONS 4.1 A) SECTION COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4. Pcx (Laced) Compression resistance.Allowable deflection based on L/1000 Mx4 (Normal) 3. LT = u ( The value of parameter w Section torsional index.7 N/mm2 Compression resistance.997 LC1 : Normal Working Conditions = 0.609 Mx/Mcx 0.186 0.05 0.3. c = 29.8.8 (g) Laced Strut Requirement The strut slenderness. mLT The moment coefficient.6.3.40 1.05 1.09 7.50 0.000 0.Mb = = = = = = = = = = = = = w) 0.0 -------------------.

LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction)
LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction)
LC3 : 1-strut Failure

0.776
0.754
0.999

OK!
OK!
OK!

0.999
LC4 governs!

III) THE LATERAL TORSIONAL BUCKLING CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.8.3.3.1
The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pcy + mLTMx / Mb + myMy / PyZy < 1.0 -------------------- Equation (2)
Fc/Pcy
mLTMx/Mb myMy/PyZy
For Lateral-Torsional Buckling
=
LC1 : Normal Working Conditions
0.892
=
0.705
0.186
0.000
LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction)
=
0.539
0.155
0.000
0.694
LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction)
0.686
=
0.539
0.134
0.013
LC3 : 1-strut Failure
0.893
=
0.719
0.174
0.000

OK!
OK!
OK!
OK!

0.893
LC4 governs!

=
=
=

0.605
0.605
0.807

0.171
0.148
0.192

0.000
0.001
0.000

DS capacity 2X610X324X415

AECOM SINGAPORE PTE LTD
DESIGN OF SINGLE AND COMPOUND STRUTS WITH ROLLED STEEL SECTION IN ACCORDANCE TO BS5950 : PART 1 : 2000

Version 6.0 updated on 24-05-2011

TITLE OF PROJECT : KLANG VALLEY MRT PROJECT (SBK LINE) - MERDEKA STATION
DESIGN SECTION : STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF TWIN LACED STRUT OF STEEL S355 (Grade 50B)
SECTION REF. : DIAGONAL STRUT CAPACITY

Soil Load
Direction

Assumptions made :
1) The benevolent effects of splay (knee strut) is not taken into account.
2) Recommended as per CIRIA Special Publication 95 and CIRIA C517,
a) Allow for eccentricity of axial load due to connection is taken to be approximately
10% of overall dimension of strut in the vertical plane.
b) Accidental loading is considered in the design of proposed temporary strutting system.
=> The accidental loading is assumed as per DC/16/12 Section 16.10 = 50 kN in any direction.
c) Thermal load due to the temperature effects is considered in the design of proposed temporary strutting system.
=> The temperature difference is assumed as per DC/16/12 Section 16.10 = +/- 10 Degrees Celsius.
Proposed laced strut section

=

SUMMARY OF DESIGN INFORMATION
Design (SLS) load (Normal)
Design (SLS) load (Redundancy)
Proposed strutting interval, Ls
The incidence angle of strut,
Number of struts per laced section

=
=
=
=
=

Steel S275
Steel S355

DESIGNED BY : CWT
CHECKED BY : LKW
DATE : 30-07-2012

Strut Force
Direction

, incidence angle
Lacing Pitch,
of strut
L1

610x324x415.0kg/m

Proposed effective length, Lxx
Proposed effective length, Lyy
Distance between laced section
Lacing Pitch, L1

=
=
=
=

14.70
14.70
1000
2340

Proposed Strut Stiffness, EA

=

3.26E+07

mm per strut
mm per strut
mm per strut
mm per strut

Section root radius, r
Depth between the fillets, d
Proposed sectional area, Ag
Proposed section mass, Ms

=
=
=
=

16.5
539.8
53000.0
415.0

mm per strut
mm per strut

mm4 per strut
3
mm per strut
3
mm per strut
mm per strut

Section moment of inertia, Iyy
Section plastic modulus, Syy
Section elastic modulus, Zyy
Section radius of gyration, ryy

=
=
=
=

3.43E+08
3.16E+06
2.03E+06
80.40

mm4 per strut
3
mm per strut
3
mm per strut
mm per strut

B) PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED TRIPLE LACED STRUT SECTION
Section moment of inertia, Ixx
=
1.20E+10 mm4 per lace section
Section plastic modulus, Sxx
=
4.12E+07 mm3 per lace section
Section elastic modulus, Zxx
=
3.54E+07 mm3 per lace section
Section radius of gyration, rxx
=
2.75E+02 mm per lace section
Proposed sectional area, Ag
=
159000
mm2 per lace section

Section moment of inertia, Iyy
Section plastic modulus, Syy
Section elastic modulus, Zyy
Section radius of gyration, ryy

=
=
=
=

1.07E+11
1.09E+08
9.16E+07
820.5

mm4 per lace section
3
mm per lace section
3
mm per lace section
mm per lace section

2. MATERIAL PROPERTIES AND SECTION CLASSIFICATION
Section design strength, y
=
335.0
N/mm2
0.5
=
0.906
Value of epsilon, = [ 275/py ]

Elastic modulus of Steel, Esteel

=

205.0

SUMMARY OF DESIGN
Interactive Relationship :

4060
5610
3.500
45.000
3

kN/m
kN/m
metres
Degrees
per compound lace section

Local Interactive Relationship
0.599 + 0.187 + 0 = 0.785
Overall Interactive Relationship
0.793 + 0.206 + 0 = 0.999
0.707 + 0.187 + 0 = 0.894

1. PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED STRUT SECTION
Proposed section depth, D
=
Proposed section width, B
=
Section flange thickness, T
=
Section web thickness, t
=

679.0
338.0
53.1
29.5

A) PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED SINGLE STRUT SECTION
Section moment of inertia, Ixx
=
4.01E+09
Section plastic modulus, Sxx
=
1.37E+07
Section elastic modulus, Zxx
=
1.18E+07
Section radius of gyration, rxx
=
275.0

Outstand element of compression flange, b/T
Plastic =
Compact =
Semi-compact =

OK!

metres
metres
mm
mm

kN

OK!
OK!

mm2 per strut
kg/m per strut

kN/mm2

r1 = Fc/d x t x yw
=
1.000
r2 = Fc/Ag x yw
=
0.914
Web subject to Axial Compression and Bending (Generally)
Plastic =
36.24
Compact =
36.24
Semi-compact =
38.46

8.154
9.060
13.59

Flange is Plastic.
Proposed section actual b/T =
3.183
Hence, the proposed section is Non-slender, hence no reduction for design strength.
Section is classified as Class 1 &2

Proposed section actual d/t =
Section web reduced strength,

y' =

18.30

Web is Plastic.

335.0

N/mm2

(Clause 3.6.5)

3. LOADING INFORMATIONS AND CALCULATIONS
3.1 AXIAL LOAD
3.1.1 Excavation Load
Axial Strut Force, Fc (Normal)
=
20096.0
Axial Strut Force, Fc (Redundancy)
=
27768.1

3.2 BENDING ABOUT MAJOR AXIS, Mx
3.2.1 Bending due to self-weight, Mx1
Self weight of proposed strut

Mx1

=
=

12.5
336.3

kN
kN

3.1.2 Temperature Load
Thermal coeff. of expansion,
Degree of restraint against wall
Variation in strut temperature, T
Temperature Load, FT

=
=
=
=

1.20E-05
0.800
10.00
3129.1

per Degree Celsius
Degree Celsius
kN

kN/m
kNm

3.2.2 Bending due to imposed load, M x2
Imposed load onto section, w

1.5
=
kN/m
121.6
=
kNm
3.2.3 Bending due to eccentricity waler to strut connection, M x3
The minimum strut eccentricity, 1
=
67.90
mm
Mx3a (Normal)
=
1365
kNm

Mx2

Mx3a (Redundancy)

=

1885

kNm

3.2.4 Bending due to deflection induced by selfweight (P-delta effect)+ imposed load, M x4
Self weight + imposed load onto section, Pv,s
=
16.950
kN/m per lace section
=
4.18
mm
Strut deflection, 2=5wL4/384EI
DS capacity 3X610X324X415

Allowable deflection based on L/1000

Mx4 (Normal)
3.2.5 Bending due to accidental load, M x5
Accidental load in major directions, Facc,x

Mx5
3.3 BENDING ABOUT MINOR AXIS, M y
3.3.1 Bending due to accidental load, M x6
Accidental load in minor directions, Facc,y

Mx6

=
=

15
0

mm
kNm

=
=

50.00
183.8

kN
kNm

50.00
183.8

kN
kNm

=
=

2< L/1000, No need to consider P-delta effect

Mx4 (Redundancy)

=

0 kNm

4 SUMMARY OF LOADING INFORMATIONS
4.1 Load factors (ULS)
Load Combs (ULS)
LC1 : Normal Working Conditions
LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction)
LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction)
LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure)

Excavation Temperature
1.40
1.20
1.05
1.05
1.05
1.05
1.05
1.05

Mx1
1.40
1.05
1.05
1.05

Mx2
1.60
0.50
0.50
0.50

Mx3
1.40
1.05
1.05
1.05

Mx4
1.40
1.05
1.05
1.05

Mx5
0.00
1.05
0.00
0.00

My1
0.00
0.00
1.05
0.00

4.2 Factored Loadings (ULS)
Load Combs (ULS)
LC1 : Normal Working Conditions
LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction)
LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction)
LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure)

Excavation Temperature
28134
3755
21101
3286
21101
3286
29156
3286

Mx1
471
353
353
353

Mx2
194
61
61
61

Mx3
1910
1433
1433
1980

Mx4
0
0
0
0

Mx5
0
193
0
0

My1
0
0
193
0

4.3 SUMMARY OF FORCES
Compound:
LC1 : Normal Working Conditions
LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction)
LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction)
LC3 : Redundancy (1-strut Failure)

Axial

Mx

My

31889
24386
24386
32442

2576
2040
1847
2394

0
0
193
0

Single:

Axial

Mx

My

10630
8129
8129
10814

859
680
616
798

0
0
64
0

OK!
OK!
OK!
OK!

0.785
LC1 governs!

5. LACED STRUT SECTION CAPACITY CHECK
Compression resistance, Pc
Section moment capacity, Mcx
Section moment capacity, Mcy

=
=
=

LACED
53265
13789
30671

SINGLE
17755
4596
30671

kN
kNm
kNm

I) LOCAL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.8.3.3.1
The Interaction expression : Fc/Pc + Mx / Mcx + My / Mcy < 1.0
Fc/Pc
LC1 : Normal Working Conditions
=
0.599
LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction)
=
0.458
LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction)
=
0.458
LC3 : 1-strut Failure
=
0.609

Mx/Mcx
0.187
0.148
0.134
0.174

My/Mcy
0.000
0.000
0.006
0.000

kN
kNm
kNm

0.785
0.606
0.598
0.783

II) THE OVERALL BUCKLING CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.8.3.3.1
A) SECTION COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4.7.4)

The strut slenderness, xx
The Robertson constant,
The limiting slenderness, LO
The section Perry factor,
Section Euler strength, pE
The value of strength
Compressive strength, pcx
Compression resistance, Pcx (Laced)
Compression resistance, Pcx (Single)

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

53.48
5.500
15.54
0.209
707.5
595.1
252.9
40210
13403

B) SECTION BENDING STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4.3.6.7)
The equivalent slenderness, LT
= u
(

The value of parameter w
Section torsional index, x
Section buckling parameter, u
The value of slenderness, /x
Section slenderness factor,
Equivalent slenderness, LT,y
The limiting slenderness, LO
The Robertson constant, LT
Section Perry coefficient, LT
Section Euler strength, pE
The value of strength LT
Section bending strength, pb
Buckling resistance moment,Mb

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

w)

0.5

0.860
12.79
0.889
3.186
0.902
30.31
31.09
7.00
0.000
2202
1269
335.0
13789

Based on BS5950-1:2000, Section 4.7.8 (g) Laced Strut Requirement
The strut slenderness, yy
=
17.92
Lacing slenderness, c
=
29.10
CHECK: c <50
29.10
*(max( yy, 1.4 c)
Design Strut Slenderness, yy
=
40.75
5.500
The Robertson constant,
=
Curve (c)
The limiting slenderness, LO
=
15.54
The section Perry factor,
=
0.139
2
Section Euler strength, pE
=
1219
N/mm
2
The value of strength
=
861.3
N/mm
Compressive strength, pcy
=
283.7
N/mm2
Compression resistance, Pcy (Laced)
=
45114
kN
Compression resistance, Pcy (Single)
=
15038
kN

Curve (c)

2

N/mm
2
N/mm
N/mm2
kN
kN

where
For Class 1 Plastic or Class 2 Compact cross sections, w = 1.00
For Class 3 Semi-compact cross section, If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4.3.6.4, where
If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4.3.6.4, where
For Class 4 Slender cross section, w = Zx,eff / Sx

N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
kNm

The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pc + mxMx / Mcx + myMy / PyZy < 1.0 -------------------- Equation (1)
Fc/Pc
mxMx/PyZx myMy/PyZy
For Major axis In-plane Buckling
=
0.999
LC1 : Normal Working Conditions
=
0.793
0.206
0.000

w
w

= Zx/Sx
= Zx/Sx

The moment coefficient, mLT
The moment coefficient, mx
The moment coefficient, my

=
=
=

1.000
0.950
0.900

OK!
DS capacity 3X610X324X415

LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction)
LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction)
LC3 : 1-strut Failure

0.770
0.755
0.999

OK!
OK!
OK!

0.999
LC1 governs!

III) THE LATERAL TORSIONAL BUCKLING CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.8.3.3.1
The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pcy + mLTMx / Mb + myMy / PyZy < 1.0 -------------------- Equation (2)
Fc/Pcy
mLTMx/Mb myMy/PyZy
For Lateral-Torsional Buckling
=
LC1 : Normal Working Conditions
0.894
=
0.707
0.187
0.000
LC2a: Accidental Load (x-direction)
=
0.541
0.148
0.000
0.688
LC2b: Accidental Load (y-direction)
0.680
=
0.541
0.134
0.006
LC3 : 1-strut Failure
0.893
=
0.719
0.174
0.000

OK!
OK!
OK!
OK!

0.894
LC1 governs!

=
=
=

0.606
0.606
0.807

0.163
0.148
0.192

0.000
0.001
0.000

DS capacity 3X610X324X415

Typical Strutting Calculation Waler .

Waler Capacity Table Straight Waler Proposed Waler Sizes No.8 172. Waler Normal.5 2.0 Nominal Size 406 400 610 610 610 X X X X X 260 400 305 324 324 Lxx (m) Lyy (m) 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 2 No. 1 2 3 4 5 Section No W18 W18 W18 W18 W18 Proposed Waler Arrangement X X X X X Weight (kg/m) 148.1 341.0 241.5 2. Waler Normal.0 X X X X X X Weight (kg/m) 148.8 172. Redundancy.99 capacity 2.0 241.5 2.0 179. Forces shown are at 0.0 179. Redundancy. Forces are in increment of 10s 260 400 305 324 324 324 Lxx (m) Lyy (m) 2. (kN/m) (kN/m) 1670 1250 1490 1110 1820 2430 2440 3250 3360 4490 4180 5570 .5 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 No.0 415.5 2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Section No W18 W18 W18 W18 W18 W18 Proposed Waler Arrangement Nominal Size 406 400 610 610 610 610 X X X X X X 1.5 2. (kN/m) (kN/m) 2160 1620 1860 1390 2300 3070 3050 4070 4210 5610 Diagonal Waler Proposed Waler Sizes No.1 341.

Typical Strutting Calculation Waler (Straight Strut) .

8. Pc = 6526 kN Section moment capacity. Hence. SECTION CLASSIFICATION 2 mm kg/m kN/mm2 = 0.8 mm Section flange thickness.8 . F = 1247.998 Interactive Relationship : = = = = 6.2 Compression resistance. Fc kN = 1329. Ixx Section plastic modulus. D = 431. Mcy = 242. Pu = = = 1620.75E+07 8.3 kNm.174 r2 = Fc/Ag x yw Web subject to compression throughout.20 360. for plastic or compact sections as per Clause 4.6 18917 148.4 kN (Sufficient shear connectors needed to be provided) Axial force onto waling beam.MERDEKA STATION (DD STAGE) DESIGN SECTION : STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF 406x260x148.98E+05 5.0 kNm Shear due to the waling load. Fc/Pc + Mx / Mcx + My / Mcy < 1.041 = 0. the proposed section is Non-slender. : Waler Capacity (With axial force from splay) DESIGNED BY : CWT CHECKED BY : LKW DATE : 30-07-12 Assumptions made : 2 1) The waling should be continuous over two or more supports and shall be designed for a maximum bending moment of wL /8. hence no reduction for design strength. = Double Walers The load factor (Base case). My = 567.69 Compact = 61. Zyy Section radius of gyration. Ag The proposed section mass.85E+06 180.20 Web is Plastic.39 Proposed section actual b/T = 5.00 mm Section web thickness. Zxx Section radius of gyration.0 mm Proposed section width. P = 2268 kN 5. (Clause 3.348 0. T = 25. b/T Plastic = 8. d/t Plastic = 54.000 metres metres metres Proposed effective length. B = 264. ryy = = = = 7.15E+08 3. The load factor (Exception).0 Fc / P c + Mx / Mcx + = = 0.3) Proposed waler shear area.23E+06 2.609 = 0.306 r1 = Fc/d x t x yw = 0. t = 14.00 kNm 2 High shear load.0 kN/m kN/m = = = 2. r The depth between the fillets. = [ 275/py ] Outstand element of compression flange.5 and 4.6 Moment capacity Mc = ySv = kNm.3 2. The effective length factor.6) = 930. for slender section Moment capacity Mc = yrZ 6) LOCAL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.041 OK! OK! Waler 2x406x260x148.000 3.609 + 0.000 Proposed section root radius.3 kNm Section moment capacity. MATERIAL PROPERTIES Section design strength. for semi-compact section Moment capacity. Av = 6422 mm2 Available shear capacity. MOMENT AND SHEAR CAPACITY CHECK (A) SHEAR CAPACITY CHECK (AS PER CLAUSE 4.99 mm4 mm3 mm3 mm N/mm2 Elastic modulus of Steel.0 = 406x260x148.893 Value of epsilon.0 yy OK! 1. Mc = yZ = kNm. Lxx Proposed effective length. y = 345.0 2160. Iyy Section plastic modulus.035 Compact = 8. Mcx = 930.6.2.2.85E+05 63. Sxx Section elastic modulus. LOADING ONTO THE WALING BEAMS BENDING MOMENT AND SHEAR FORCE DUE TO WALING LOAD Moment due to waling load. Lyy Tributary width from splay load Steel S275 Steel S355 Number of waling beam. Waling beam deflection.92E+05 mm3 = y' = 345.8kg/m of STEEL S355 (Grade 50B) SECTION REF.400 1. Esteel = 205.348 + 0.8kg/m SUMMARY OF INPUTS Design (SLS) load (Basic) Design (SLS) load (Exception) Ultimate design waling load. Ms = = = = 10.0 (A) updated on 31-12-2006 TITLE OF PROJECT : KL METRO SBK LINE .8 mm mm mm4 mm3 mm3 mm Section moment of inertia. Syy Section elastic modulus. 4.20 Semi-compact = 79. Proposed section actual d/t 24. MEMBER PROPERTIES (SINGLE WALING SECTION) Proposed section depth. = = 1.0 1134.5) Section web reduced strength. N Proposed waler section Local Interactive relationship 0.90 mm Section moment of inertia. d The proposed sectional area.000 1.000 2.2. = = 1.2 kNm The Interaction expression : 7) DEFLECTION CHECK Allowable beam deflection.2.998 = = 10.2. Plastic modulus of shear area = 6.874 mm mm My / Mcy 0.00 1.769 Modulus reduction factor.30 Flange is Plastic. Mx Moment due to waling load.MAUNSELL CONSULTANTS (SINGAPORE) PTE LTD DESIGN OF WALERS WITH ROLLED STEEL SECTION IN ACCORDANCE TO BS5950 : PART 1 : 1990/2000 Version 3.5 0.93 Semi-compact = 13.050 The effective length factor.5 = 0. rxx xx 3.0 N/mm = 10. a reduction in proposed section moment capacity ! (B) MOMENT CHECK (AS PER CLAUSE 4.3. where w is the waling load per unit length and L is the horizontal waler spacing.5 and 4.3 = 0. 2) The notional moment in y-y axis is taken to be =10 kN/m.

5 = 0.000 metres metres metres Proposed effective length. 4. T = 21.20E+05 mm3 = y' = 345. Av = 5200 mm2 Available shear capacity. Esteel = 205. Hence.00 314.050 The effective length factor. a reduction in proposed section moment capacity ! (B) MOMENT CHECK (AS PER CLAUSE 4. SECTION CLASSIFICATION 2 mm kg/m kN/mm2 = 0.0 N/mm = 10.4 = 0.0kg/m of STEEL S355 (Grade 50B) SECTION REF.74 Semi-compact = 84.0 yy OK! 1.0kg/m SUMMARY OF INPUTS Design (SLS) load (Basic) Design (SLS) load (Exception) Ultimate design waling load.6.00 mm Section web thickness. Sxx Section elastic modulus.2.15 Web is Plastic.2.264 0.MERDEKA STATION (DD STAGE) DESIGN SECTION : STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF 400x400x172.20 mm4 mm3 mm3 mm N/mm2 Elastic modulus of Steel.8 0.893 Value of epsilon.MAUNSELL CONSULTANTS (SINGAPORE) PTE LTD DESIGN OF WALERS WITH ROLLED STEEL SECTION IN ACCORDANCE TO BS5950 : PART 1 : 1990/2000 Version 3.12E+06 102. MEMBER PROPERTIES (SINGLE WALING SECTION) Proposed section depth. d/t Plastic = 53.000 3.2 kN (Sufficient shear connectors needed to be provided) Axial force onto waling beam. D = 400. Zxx Section radius of gyration.035 Compact = 8.484 + 0. The load factor (Exception). t = 13. Zyy Section radius of gyration. Fc/Pc + Mx / Mcx + My / Mcy < 1.022 OK! OK! Waler 2x400x400x172 . = = 1. the proposed section is Non-slender.3. for plastic or compact sections as per Clause 4.8 kNm The Interaction expression : 7) DEFLECTION CHECK Allowable beam deflection. Mcx = 1008.54E+08 3.8. LOADING ONTO THE WALING BEAMS BENDING MOMENT AND SHEAR FORCE DUE TO WALING LOAD Moment due to waling load. F = 1074. MATERIAL PROPERTIES Section design strength.0 (A) updated on 31-12-2006 TITLE OF PROJECT : KL METRO SBK LINE .2.0 Fc / P c + Mx / Mcx + = = 0.000 1. Lyy Tributary width from splay load Steel S275 Steel S355 Number of waling beam. r The depth between the fillets. for slender section Moment capacity Mc = yrZ 6) LOCAL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.0 976.00 kNm 2 High shear load.6 Moment capacity Mc = ySv = 1008.39 Proposed section actual b/T = 9.0 mm Proposed section width.518 mm mm My / Mcy 0. where w is the waling load per unit length and L is the horizontal waler spacing. B = 400. 2) The notional moment in y-y axis is taken to be =10 kN/m. = [ 275/py ] Outstand element of compression flange.3) Proposed waler shear area. hence no reduction for design strength.264 + 0.9 kNm Section moment capacity. Pc = 7402 kN Section moment capacity.93 Semi-compact = 13. rxx xx 3.400 1.9 kNm.484 = 0.2. Waling beam deflection.5 and 4.0 mm Section flange thickness. Plastic modulus of shear area = 5. Ixx Section plastic modulus. Ag The proposed section mass.0 1860.00 mm Section moment of inertia.000 Proposed section root radius. Mc = yZ = kNm. Proposed section actual d/t 24.992 Modulus reduction factor.769 Interactive Relationship : = = = = 6. N Proposed waler section (Governing load) Local Interactive relationship 0.5 and 4.0 21454 172.24E+08 1. Iyy Section plastic modulus.00 1.3 kNm Shear due to the waling load. Mcy = 463. Lxx Proposed effective length. Fc kN = 1076.2 Compression resistance.2.132 r2 = Fc/Ag x yw Web subject to compression throughout.52 Flange is Semi-compact.27E+06 174. = Double Walers The load factor (Base case).0 = 400x400x172.022 = 0.0 mm mm mm4 mm3 mm3 mm Section moment of inertia.60E+06 3.769 = = 10. The effective length factor.5 kN/m kN/m = = = 2. d The proposed sectional area. Pu = = = 1390.5 2. : Waler Capacity (With axial force from splay) DESIGNED BY : CWT CHECKED BY : LKW DATE : 30-07-12 Assumptions made : 2 1) The waling should be continuous over two or more supports and shall be designed for a maximum bending moment of wL /8. y = 345.000 2.04 Compact = 58. = = 1. ryy = = = = 2.6) = kNm. for semi-compact section Moment capacity. MOMENT AND SHEAR CAPACITY CHECK (A) SHEAR CAPACITY CHECK (AS PER CLAUSE 4.70E+06 1. Mx Moment due to waling load. b/T Plastic = 8. P = 1953 kN 5.347 r1 = Fc/d x t x yw = 0.5) Section web reduced strength. (Clause 3. Syy Section elastic modulus. My = 488. Ms = = = = 22.

Fc kN = 1810.39 Proposed section actual b/T = 6.36E+06 mm3 = y' = 345.5 = 0.2. a reduction in proposed section moment capacity ! (B) MOMENT CHECK (AS PER CLAUSE 4.0 3070. Pu = = = 2300. Iyy Section plastic modulus.2.6 Moment capacity Mc = ySv = kNm. B = 307. Ixx Section plastic modulus.10 mm Section moment of inertia.5 kNm The Interaction expression : 7) DEFLECTION CHECK Allowable beam deflection.0kg/m SUMMARY OF INPUTS Design (SLS) load (Basic) Design (SLS) load (Exception) Ultimate design waling load. P = 3224 kN 5. SECTION CLASSIFICATION 2 mm kg/m kN/mm2 = 0. d/t Plastic = 54.50 540.552 + 0.6. rxx xx 3.000 2. T = 23.0 (A) updated on 31-12-2006 TITLE OF PROJECT : KL METRO SBK LINE . b/T Plastic = 8.51 Flange is Plastic.0 22574 179.084 mm mm My / Mcy 0.000 3.14E+08 1. Lxx Proposed effective length.3.8 0.000 Proposed section root radius.2 mm Proposed section width.00 1.6) = 1461.2 = 0.400 1. Ms = = = = 16. Ag The proposed section mass.30 Web is Plastic.MERDEKA STATION (DD STAGE) DESIGN SECTION : STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF 610x305x179. Mc = yZ = kNm.033 OK! OK! Waler 2x610x305x179 . (Clause 3. Pc = 7788 kN Section moment capacity.998 Interactive Relationship : = = = = 1.14 Semi-compact = 75.2.00 kNm 2 High shear load.0 kNm Section moment capacity.48E+06 4. Hence. Plastic modulus of shear area = 1. MOMENT AND SHEAR CAPACITY CHECK (A) SHEAR CAPACITY CHECK (AS PER CLAUSE 4.43E+05 71. ryy = = = = 1.414 + 0.5 and 4. where w is the waling load per unit length and L is the horizontal waler spacing.307 r1 = Fc/d x t x yw = 0. 4. Waling beam deflection.0kg/m of STEEL S355 (Grade 50B) SECTION REF.0 1611. Proposed section actual d/t 38.414 0.919 Modulus reduction factor. hence no reduction for design strength. N Proposed waler section (Governing load) Local Interactive relationship 0. = = 1.2 Compression resistance.51E+09 5.5 and 4.9 kNm Shear due to the waling load. Mx Moment due to waling load.8.5) Section web reduced strength. Av = 8745 mm2 Available shear capacity.000 metres metres metres Proposed effective length.0 Fc / P c + Mx / Mcx + = = 0.87E+06 258. y = 345. = [ 275/py ] Outstand element of compression flange.8 2. The effective length factor.9 kN (Sufficient shear connectors needed to be provided) Axial force onto waling beam.2.2.0 N/mm = 10. for plastic or compact sections as per Clause 4.08 mm4 mm3 mm3 mm N/mm2 Elastic modulus of Steel. Esteel = 205. Zxx Section radius of gyration. Mcy = 307. The load factor (Exception).0 = 610x305x179. Zyy Section radius of gyration. r The depth between the fillets.033 = 0.60 mm Section web thickness.8 kN/m kN/m = = = 2. Fc/Pc + Mx / Mcx + My / Mcy < 1.93 Semi-compact = 13. Mcx = 1461.0 yy OK! 1. MEMBER PROPERTIES (SINGLE WALING SECTION) Proposed section depth. F = 1772.000 1. for semi-compact section Moment capacity. LOADING ONTO THE WALING BEAMS BENDING MOMENT AND SHEAR FORCE DUE TO WALING LOAD Moment due to waling load.0 kNm.MAUNSELL CONSULTANTS (SINGAPORE) PTE LTD DESIGN OF WALERS WITH ROLLED STEEL SECTION IN ACCORDANCE TO BS5950 : PART 1 : 1990/2000 Version 3. t = 14. : Waler Capacity (With axial force from splay) DESIGNED BY : CWT CHECKED BY : LKW DATE : 30-07-12 Assumptions made : 2 1) The waling should be continuous over two or more supports and shall be designed for a maximum bending moment of wL /8. 2) The notional moment in y-y axis is taken to be =10 kN/m.1 mm Section flange thickness. Syy Section elastic modulus.66 Compact = 61. My = 805.3) Proposed waler shear area.050 The effective length factor.552 = 0.0 mm mm mm4 mm3 mm3 mm Section moment of inertia.14E+06 7. = Double Walers The load factor (Base case).207 r2 = Fc/Ag x yw Web subject to compression throughout.893 Value of epsilon. Lyy Tributary width from splay load Steel S275 Steel S355 Number of waling beam. Sxx Section elastic modulus. for slender section Moment capacity Mc = yrZ 6) LOCAL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4. d The proposed sectional area.035 Compact = 8. = = 1. the proposed section is Non-slender.998 = = 10. MATERIAL PROPERTIES Section design strength. D = 620.

5) Section web reduced strength.531 = 0.28 Compact = 60. Mx Moment due to waling load.6.90 mm Section moment of inertia.00 1.9 = 0.2.5 and 4. MATERIAL PROPERTIES Section design strength. B = 329. 4.0 yy OK! 1.0 2136.0 (A) updated on 31-12-2006 TITLE OF PROJECT : KL METRO SBK LINE . Plastic modulus of shear area = 1. SECTION CLASSIFICATION 2 mm kg/m kN/mm2 = 0.0 N/mm = 10.MERDEKA STATION (DD STAGE) DESIGN SECTION : STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF 610x324x241.72E+06 1.202 r2 = Fc/Ag x yw Web subject to compression throughout. a reduction in proposed section moment capacity ! (B) MOMENT CHECK (AS PER CLAUSE 4.1 . Ms = = = = 12. Mcx = 2012.31 Flange is Plastic. for plastic or compact sections as per Clause 4. LOADING ONTO THE WALING BEAMS BENDING MOMENT AND SHEAR FORCE DUE TO WALING LOAD Moment due to waling load. Zyy Section radius of gyration.316 r1 = Fc/d x t x yw = 0.0 4070.1kg/m SUMMARY OF INPUTS Design (SLS) load (Basic) Design (SLS) load (Exception) Ultimate design waling load. The load factor (Exception).5 = 0.956 Interactive Relationship : = = = = 2. Pu = = = 3050. Syy Section elastic modulus.9 kNm. rxx xx 3.2.2 Compression resistance. where w is the waling load per unit length and L is the horizontal waler spacing.0 kNm The Interaction expression : 7) DEFLECTION CHECK Allowable beam deflection. Ixx Section plastic modulus. Waling beam deflection.4 kNm Shear due to the waling load.000 2. Zxx Section radius of gyration.00 kNm 2 High shear load. N Proposed waler section (Governing load) Local Interactive relationship 0. MEMBER PROPERTIES (SINGLE WALING SECTION) Proposed section depth.956 = = 10.013 mm mm My / Mcy 0. hence no reduction for design strength.70 547. r The depth between the fillets. for slender section Moment capacity Mc = yrZ 6) LOCAL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4. 2) The notional moment in y-y axis is taken to be =10 kN/m. Lyy Tributary width from splay load Steel S275 Steel S355 Number of waling beam.2.3 0. D = 635. y = 345.404 + 0. : Waler Capacity (With axial force from splay) DESIGNED BY : CWT CHECKED BY : LKW DATE : 30-07-12 Assumptions made : 2 1) The waling should be continuous over two or more supports and shall be designed for a maximum bending moment of wL /8.000 1. MOMENT AND SHEAR CAPACITY CHECK (A) SHEAR CAPACITY CHECK (AS PER CLAUSE 4.4 2. Hence. Mcy = 464.MAUNSELL CONSULTANTS (SINGAPORE) PTE LTD DESIGN OF WALERS WITH ROLLED STEEL SECTION IN ACCORDANCE TO BS5950 : PART 1 : 1990/2000 Version 3. d/t Plastic = 54. b/T Plastic = 8. Proposed section actual d/t 30. Fc/Pc + Mx / Mcx + My / Mcy < 1. = [ 275/py ] Outstand element of compression flange. Pc = 10578 kN Section moment capacity. Lxx Proposed effective length. Sxx Section elastic modulus.14E+09 7.2. Mc = yZ = kNm.6) = 2012. for semi-compact section Moment capacity.75E+06 264.000 3.000 metres metres metres Proposed effective length.000 Proposed section root radius.404 0.4 kN (Sufficient shear connectors needed to be provided) Axial force onto waling beam. F = 2350.050 The effective length factor. ryy = = = = 1.12E+06 77.8 kN/m kN/m = = = 2.996 Modulus reduction factor.80E+06 mm3 = y' = 345.893 Value of epsilon.035 Compact = 8.57 Semi-compact = 76.6 Moment capacity Mc = ySv = kNm.1 mm mm mm4 mm3 mm3 mm Section moment of inertia.5 and 4.531 + 0.00 mm Section web thickness. Fc kN = 2352. My = 1068.8.3) Proposed waler shear area. = = 1.39 Proposed section actual b/T = 5.84E+08 1.2.6 30661 241.9 kNm Section moment capacity. Ag The proposed section mass. the proposed section is Non-slender. t = 17.56 mm4 mm3 mm3 mm N/mm2 Elastic modulus of Steel.3.1 mm Section flange thickness. Av = 11367 mm2 Available shear capacity. Iyy Section plastic modulus.400 1.022 = 0. T = 31. (Clause 3. = = 1.1kg/m of STEEL S355 (Grade 50B) SECTION REF. d The proposed sectional area.0 = 610x324x241.0 Fc / P c + Mx / Mcx + = = 0.93 Semi-compact = 13.022 OK! OK! Waler 2x610x324x241. The effective length factor. P = 4274 kN 5.0 mm Proposed section width.63E+06 6. Esteel = 205.59 Web is Plastic. = Double Walers The load factor (Base case).

Zxx Section radius of gyration.944 mm mm My / Mcy 0.79 Flange is Plastic. Fc/Pc + Mx / Mcx + My / Mcy < 1.0 Fc / P c + Mx / Mcx + = = 0. d/t Plastic = 54.2. Lxx Proposed effective length.38 Semi-compact = 77.948 Interactive Relationship : = = = = 3.00 kNm 2 High shear load. LOADING ONTO THE WALING BEAMS BENDING MOMENT AND SHEAR FORCE DUE TO WALING LOAD Moment due to waling load. N Proposed waler section (Governing load) Local Interactive relationship 0.71E+08 2.000 3.2.2. B = 333. Mc = yZ = kNm.90 mm Section web thickness.0 (A) updated on 31-12-2006 TITLE OF PROJECT : KL METRO SBK LINE . y = 335.10E+07 9. P = 5894 kN 5. Ixx Section plastic modulus.8 kNm. (Clause 3. Lyy Tributary width from splay load Steel S275 Steel S355 Number of waling beam. = = 1.14 Web is Plastic. Syy Section elastic modulus. F = 3241.8 = 1. r The depth between the fillets.0 mm mm mm4 mm3 mm3 mm Section moment of inertia.154 Compact = 9.40 mm Section moment of inertia.6) = 2800.7 kN (Sufficient shear connectors needed to be provided) Axial force onto waling beam.204 r2 = Fc/Ag x yw Web subject to compression throughout.59E+06 270. The effective length factor. 4. Zyy Section radius of gyration.5 = 0. Hence.50 540.63E+06 79.5 and 4.2 43223 341.5 kNm Shear due to the waling load. Mx Moment due to waling load.17E+09 1.0 yy OK! 1.0kg/m of STEEL S355 (Grade 50B) SECTION REF.407 + 0.0 5610. Proposed section actual d/t 22.59 Proposed section actual b/T = 3.0 = 610x324x341.5) Section web reduced strength.526 = 0. Sxx Section elastic modulus.000 Modulus reduction factor.050 The effective length factor.MERDEKA STATION (DD STAGE) DESIGN SECTION : STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF 610x324x341. MOMENT AND SHEAR CAPACITY CHECK (A) SHEAR CAPACITY CHECK (AS PER CLAUSE 4.000 1.015 = 0. Ms = = = = 16. My = 1473. Iyy Section plastic modulus.0 2947. T = 43.948 = = 10. rxx xx 3.52E+06 1.000 2.0 kN/m kN/m = = = 2.8 kNm Section moment capacity. d The proposed sectional area. t = 24. MATERIAL PROPERTIES Section design strength. hence no reduction for design strength.3) Proposed waler shear area. Fc kN = 3241. Ag The proposed section mass.8.9 2. Plastic modulus of shear area = 2. Pc = 14480 kN Section moment capacity.0 N/mm = 10.06 Semi-compact = 13. D = 661. The load factor (Exception).5 and 4.3. where w is the waling load per unit length and L is the horizontal waler spacing.MAUNSELL CONSULTANTS (SINGAPORE) PTE LTD DESIGN OF WALERS WITH ROLLED STEEL SECTION IN ACCORDANCE TO BS5950 : PART 1 : 1990/2000 Version 3. 2) The notional moment in y-y axis is taken to be =10 kN/m.000 Proposed section root radius.334 r1 = Fc/d x t x yw = 0. Pu = = = 4210. for plastic or compact sections as per Clause 4. SECTION CLASSIFICATION 2 mm kg/m kN/mm2 = 0.0kg/m SUMMARY OF INPUTS Design (SLS) load (Basic) Design (SLS) load (Exception) Ultimate design waling load.6 Moment capacity Mc = ySv = kNm. MEMBER PROPERTIES (SINGLE WALING SECTION) Proposed section depth.0 kNm The Interaction expression : 7) DEFLECTION CHECK Allowable beam deflection.00 0.2 Compression resistance. : Waler Capacity (With axial force from splay) DESIGNED BY : CWT CHECKED BY : LKW DATE : 30-07-12 Assumptions made : 2 1) The waling should be continuous over two or more supports and shall be designed for a maximum bending moment of wL /8.000 metres metres metres Proposed effective length.6. ryy = = = = 2.16 mm4 mm3 mm3 mm N/mm2 Elastic modulus of Steel. Esteel = 205.015 OK! OK! Waler 2x610x324x341 .0 mm Section flange thickness.67E+06 mm3 = y' = 335.3 0. for slender section Moment capacity Mc = yrZ 6) LOCAL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.906 Value of epsilon. for semi-compact section Moment capacity. Mcx = 2800.35 Compact = 60.407 0. b/T Plastic = 8.2.400 1. a reduction in proposed section moment capacity ! (B) MOMENT CHECK (AS PER CLAUSE 4. Waling beam deflection.0 mm Proposed section width.2.526 + 0. = = 1. Av = 16128 mm2 Available shear capacity. = [ 275/py ] Outstand element of compression flange. the proposed section is Non-slender. Mcy = 654. = Double Walers The load factor (Base case).

Typical Strutting Calculation Waler (Diagonal Strut) .

000 1. Av = 6422 mm2 Available shear capacity.23E+06 2. Waling beam deflection.000 Proposed section root radius. d/t Plastic = 57. Mx Moment due to waling load.85E+05 63.75E+07 8.2.5 = 0. for plastic or compact sections as per Clause 4. the proposed section is Non-slender.76 Compact = 65.2 Compression resistance. where w is the waling load per unit length and L is the horizontal waler spacing. The effective length factor. Esteel = 205. P = 1534 kN 5.2.050 The effective length factor. Fc kN = 1329. Lxx Proposed effective length.8kg/m of STEEL S355 (Grade 50B) SECTION REF.134 r2 = Fc/Ag x yw Web subject to compression throughout.041 = 0. LOADING ONTO THE WALING BEAMS BENDING MOMENT AND SHEAR FORCE DUE TO WALING LOAD Moment due to waling load. 2) The notional moment in y-y axis is taken to be =10 kN/m. Zyy Section radius of gyration.236 r1 = Fc/d x t x yw = 0.5 and 4.3 2.662 Modulus reduction factor. for semi-compact section Moment capacity. Ms = = = = 10. Ag The proposed section mass.0 Fc / P c + Mx / Mcx + = = 0. = [ 275/py ] Outstand element of compression flange.6 Moment capacity Mc = ySv = kNm. Plastic modulus of shear area = 6.20 360.2.39 Proposed section actual b/T = 5.0 (A) updated on 31-12-2006 TITLE OF PROJECT : KL METRO SBK LINE . D = 431.8 kN/m kN/m = = = 2.717 + 0.MERDEKA STATION (DD STAGE) DESIGN SECTION : STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF 406x260x148.0 yy OK! 1. F = 1205.MAUNSELL CONSULTANTS (SINGAPORE) PTE LTD DESIGN OF WALERS WITH ROLLED STEEL SECTION IN ACCORDANCE TO BS5950 : PART 1 : 1990/2000 Version 3.000 1.20 Web is Plastic.8 .98E+05 5. b/T Plastic = 8. for slender section Moment capacity Mc = yrZ 6) LOCAL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4. B = 264. My = 685. MEMBER PROPERTIES (SINGLE WALING SECTION) Proposed section depth. The load factor (Exception).400 1.0 N/mm = 10.92E+05 mm3 = y' = 345.50 3. Hence. Zxx Section radius of gyration. ryy = = = = 7. Iyy Section plastic modulus. MATERIAL PROPERTIES Section design strength.893 Value of epsilon.750 metres metres metres Proposed effective length.2. Syy Section elastic modulus.6) = 955.00 mm Section web thickness. (Clause 3. = = 1.8.0 1670. Mcx = 955. T = 25.993 Interactive Relationship : = = = = 6.8 mm mm mm4 mm3 mm3 mm Section moment of inertia. Sxx Section elastic modulus.7 kNm Section moment capacity.2.6. Mcy = 242. hence no reduction for design strength.15E+08 3.4 0.3) Proposed waler shear area.235 0. Proposed section actual d/t 24.00 kNm 2 High shear load.7 kNm.30 Flange is Plastic.8 mm Section flange thickness.99 mm4 mm3 mm3 mm N/mm2 Elastic modulus of Steel. MOMENT AND SHEAR CAPACITY CHECK (A) SHEAR CAPACITY CHECK (AS PER CLAUSE 4. y = 345.93 Semi-compact = 13.035 Compact = 8. 4.3.85E+06 180.993 = = 12. = = 1. Fc/Pc + Mx / Mcx + My / Mcy < 1.2 kNm The Interaction expression : 7) DEFLECTION CHECK Allowable beam deflection.5 kN (Sufficient shear connectors needed to be provided) Axial force onto waling beam.90 Semi-compact = 84.8kg/m SUMMARY OF INPUTS Design (SLS) load (Basic) Design (SLS) load (Exception) Ultimate design waling load. Pu = = = 1250. Lyy Maximum diagonal spacing Steel S275 Steel S355 Number of waling beam.0 = 406x260x148.0 876.0 mm Proposed section width.5) Section web reduced strength. Ixx Section plastic modulus. = Double Walers The load factor (Base case).0 kNm Shear due to the waling load. rxx xx 3.3 = 0. t = 14.235 + 0.717 = 0.041 OK! OK! DWaler 2x406x260x148. a reduction in proposed section moment capacity ! (B) MOMENT CHECK (AS PER CLAUSE 4.5 and 4. d The proposed sectional area. : DIAGONAL WALER CAPACITY (With axial force from splay) DESIGNED BY : CWT CHECKED BY : LKW DATE : 30-07-12 Assumptions made : 2 1) The waling should be continuous over two or more supports and shall be designed for a maximum bending moment of wL /8. Mc = yZ = kNm. Pc = 6526 kN Section moment capacity.537 mm mm My / Mcy 0. r The depth between the fillets.90 mm Section moment of inertia. SECTION CLASSIFICATION 2 mm kg/m kN/mm2 = 0.6 18917 148. N Proposed waler section (Governing load) Local Interactive relationship 0.500 3.

2. for slender section Moment capacity Mc = yrZ 6) LOCAL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.0 N/mm = 10. D = 400.0kg/m SUMMARY OF INPUTS Design (SLS) load (Basic) Design (SLS) load (Exception) Ultimate design waling load.MAUNSELL CONSULTANTS (SINGAPORE) PTE LTD DESIGN OF WALERS WITH ROLLED STEEL SECTION IN ACCORDANCE TO BS5950 : PART 1 : 1990/2000 Version 3.813 Interactive Relationship : = = = = 6.8 kNm The Interaction expression : 7) DEFLECTION CHECK Allowable beam deflection.000 1.2. Mcy = 463.2 kNm. F = 1075.24E+08 1.6 kN (Sufficient shear connectors needed to be provided) Axial force onto waling beam.0 (A) updated on 31-12-2006 TITLE OF PROJECT : KL METRO SBK LINE .0 mm Section flange thickness.0 = 400x400x172.5 and 4.5 and 4.3) Proposed waler shear area. Proposed section actual d/t 24.606 + 0. SECTION CLASSIFICATION 2 mm kg/m kN/mm2 = 0.93 Semi-compact = 13.5) Section web reduced strength.6 Moment capacity Mc = ySv = 1008.2.70E+06 1. = = 1. MATERIAL PROPERTIES Section design strength.4 0. MEMBER PROPERTIES (SINGLE WALING SECTION) Proposed section depth.52 Flange is Semi-compact. T = 21. Mx Moment due to waling load. Ag The proposed section mass.000 Proposed section root radius. Ms = = = = 22. for semi-compact section Moment capacity.6. Syy Section elastic modulus. rxx xx 3.185 + 0.0 782. for plastic or compact sections as per Clause 4.12E+06 102.400 1. = Double Walers The load factor (Base case). B = 400.0 21454 172. Zxx Section radius of gyration.50 2.0 mm Proposed section width. 2) The notional moment in y-y axis is taken to be =10 kN/m.20 mm4 mm3 mm3 mm N/mm2 Elastic modulus of Steel.27E+06 174.997 Modulus reduction factor.0 1490. r The depth between the fillets. a reduction in proposed section moment capacity ! (B) MOMENT CHECK (AS PER CLAUSE 4. The load factor (Exception). 4. = [ 275/py ] Outstand element of compression flange.54E+08 3. Pu = = = 1110. t = 13. Sxx Section elastic modulus.500 3. Esteel = 205. Lxx Proposed effective length. Fc kN = 1076.893 Value of epsilon.02 Semi-compact = 88. ryy = = = = 2. MOMENT AND SHEAR CAPACITY CHECK (A) SHEAR CAPACITY CHECK (AS PER CLAUSE 4.185 0.00 314. y = 345. Mcx = 1008.8.000 1.2. LOADING ONTO THE WALING BEAMS BENDING MOMENT AND SHEAR FORCE DUE TO WALING LOAD Moment due to waling load.0 yy OK! 1.39 Proposed section actual b/T = 9. N Proposed waler section (Governing load) Local Interactive relationship 0.2 kNm Section moment capacity.278 r1 = Fc/d x t x yw = 0. b/T Plastic = 8.5 = 0. d/t Plastic = 55.3 kN/m kN/m = = = 2.606 = 0. Plastic modulus of shear area = 5. Hence. d The proposed sectional area.3.00 kNm 2 High shear load. Ixx Section plastic modulus. (Clause 3. Mc = yZ = kNm. The effective length factor.6) = kNm.969 mm mm My / Mcy 0. Lyy Maximum diagonal spacing Steel S275 Steel S355 Number of waling beam. : DIAGONAL WALER CAPACITY (With axial force from splay) DESIGNED BY : CWT CHECKED BY : LKW DATE : 30-07-12 Assumptions made : 2 1) The waling should be continuous over two or more supports and shall be designed for a maximum bending moment of wL /8.050 The effective length factor. where w is the waling load per unit length and L is the horizontal waler spacing.20E+05 mm3 = y' = 345.035 Compact = 8. Waling beam deflection.0 Fc / P c + Mx / Mcx + = = 0.00 mm Section web thickness.MERDEKA STATION (DD STAGE) DESIGN SECTION : STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF 400x400x172. Iyy Section plastic modulus.5 2.750 metres metres metres Proposed effective length. the proposed section is Non-slender. = = 1.90 Compact = 63.2 Compression resistance.00 mm Section moment of inertia.2.022 OK! OK! DWaler 2x400x400x172 . My = 611.106 r2 = Fc/Ag x yw Web subject to compression throughout.4 = 0.0kg/m of STEEL S355 (Grade 50B) SECTION REF.813 = = 12. Pc = 7402 kN Section moment capacity. hence no reduction for design strength.15 Web is Plastic. Zyy Section radius of gyration.0 mm mm mm4 mm3 mm3 mm Section moment of inertia.1 kNm Shear due to the waling load.022 = 0. Fc/Pc + Mx / Mcx + My / Mcy < 1. P = 1369 kN 5. Av = 5200 mm2 Available shear capacity.60E+06 3.

30 Web is Plastic. Mcx = 1479. b/T Plastic = 8.164 r2 = Fc/Ag x yw Web subject to compression throughout.5 kNm The Interaction expression : 7) DEFLECTION CHECK Allowable beam deflection.3.10 mm Section moment of inertia. Mcy = 307.0 N/mm = 10.0 2430. a reduction in proposed section moment capacity ! (B) MOMENT CHECK (AS PER CLAUSE 4. 4.2. d The proposed sectional area. Hence. Av = 8745 mm2 Available shear capacity. = [ 275/py ] Outstand element of compression flange.000 Proposed section root radius.7 kNm Shear due to the waling load. The load factor (Exception). Waling beam deflection.4 kNm.287 + 0. F = 1754.0kg/m SUMMARY OF INPUTS Design (SLS) load (Basic) Design (SLS) load (Exception) Ultimate design waling load.1 mm Section flange thickness. My = 996.51E+09 5. MOMENT AND SHEAR CAPACITY CHECK (A) SHEAR CAPACITY CHECK (AS PER CLAUSE 4.0 yy OK! 1.8 kN/m kN/m = = = 2.7 0.43E+05 71.6 Moment capacity Mc = ySv = kNm.48E+06 4.MAUNSELL CONSULTANTS (SINGAPORE) PTE LTD DESIGN OF WALERS WITH ROLLED STEEL SECTION IN ACCORDANCE TO BS5950 : PART 1 : 1990/2000 Version 3.035 Compact = 8. : DIAGONAL WALER CAPACITY (With axial force from splay) DESIGNED BY : CWT CHECKED BY : LKW DATE : 30-07-12 Assumptions made : 2 1) The waling should be continuous over two or more supports and shall be designed for a maximum bending moment of wL /8.2 = 0. Proposed section actual d/t 38. Esteel = 205.2 Compression resistance.8.51 Flange is Plastic.750 metres metres metres Proposed effective length. 2) The notional moment in y-y axis is taken to be =10 kN/m.893 Value of epsilon. t = 14.93 Semi-compact = 13.880 Modulus reduction factor.08 mm4 mm3 mm3 mm N/mm2 Elastic modulus of Steel. B = 307.000 1. Pu = = = 1820. r The depth between the fillets. y = 345.033 = 0. d/t Plastic = 57.5 and 4. Zxx Section radius of gyration. Sxx Section elastic modulus.2.243 r1 = Fc/d x t x yw = 0.36E+06 mm3 = y' = 345. Mx Moment due to waling load.5 and 4. = = 1.993 Interactive Relationship : = = = = 1.0 1275.5 = 0.50 2. MEMBER PROPERTIES (SINGLE WALING SECTION) Proposed section depth. Ixx Section plastic modulus.2 kN (Sufficient shear connectors needed to be provided) Axial force onto waling beam. Lxx Proposed effective length. P = 2233 kN 5. Ms = = = = 16. Plastic modulus of shear area = 1.993 = = 12. T = 23.0kg/m of STEEL S355 (Grade 50B) SECTION REF.14E+06 7. Ag The proposed section mass.60 mm Section web thickness.0 22574 179.0 = 610x305x179. Fc/Pc + Mx / Mcx + My / Mcy < 1.50 540.3) Proposed waler shear area.14E+08 1. Iyy Section plastic modulus.8 2.674 + 0. Zyy Section radius of gyration. Pc = 7788 kN Section moment capacity. for semi-compact section Moment capacity.MERDEKA STATION (DD STAGE) DESIGN SECTION : STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF 610x305x179.00 kNm 2 High shear load. ryy = = = = 1.0 mm mm mm4 mm3 mm3 mm Section moment of inertia. Lyy Maximum diagonal spacing Steel S275 Steel S355 Number of waling beam. for plastic or compact sections as per Clause 4.2. = = 1. (Clause 3.500 3.4 kNm Section moment capacity. Mc = yZ = kNm. LOADING ONTO THE WALING BEAMS BENDING MOMENT AND SHEAR FORCE DUE TO WALING LOAD Moment due to waling load. N Proposed waler section (Governing load) Local Interactive relationship 0.87E+06 258. MATERIAL PROPERTIES Section design strength. = Double Walers The load factor (Base case).39 Proposed section actual b/T = 6.2.6) = 1479.033 OK! OK! DWaler 2x610x305x179 . Fc kN = 1810. Syy Section elastic modulus.050 The effective length factor. where w is the waling load per unit length and L is the horizontal waler spacing. rxx xx 3.287 0. for slender section Moment capacity Mc = yrZ 6) LOCAL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4. SECTION CLASSIFICATION 2 mm kg/m kN/mm2 = 0. The effective length factor.0 Fc / P c + Mx / Mcx + = = 0.5) Section web reduced strength.2 mm Proposed section width.0 (A) updated on 31-12-2006 TITLE OF PROJECT : KL METRO SBK LINE .6.674 = 0.2.000 1. D = 620.094 mm mm My / Mcy 0.47 Compact = 65. hence no reduction for design strength. the proposed section is Non-slender.400 1.44 Semi-compact = 80.

The load factor (Exception).MAUNSELL CONSULTANTS (SINGAPORE) PTE LTD DESIGN OF WALERS WITH ROLLED STEEL SECTION IN ACCORDANCE TO BS5950 : PART 1 : 1990/2000 Version 3.893 Value of epsilon.59 Web is Plastic.662 + 0.93 Semi-compact = 13.00 kNm 2 High shear load.12E+06 77. Lxx Proposed effective length. y = 345.977 mm mm My / Mcy 0.2.750 metres metres metres Proposed effective length.2 Compression resistance.5 and 4.5) Section web reduced strength. Lyy Maximum diagonal spacing Steel S275 Steel S355 Number of waling beam.75E+06 264. Pc = 10578 kN Section moment capacity. for slender section Moment capacity Mc = yrZ 6) LOCAL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4. Zxx Section radius of gyration.2. Fc/Pc + Mx / Mcx + My / Mcy < 1.2. Waling beam deflection. a reduction in proposed section moment capacity ! (B) MOMENT CHECK (AS PER CLAUSE 4.39 Proposed section actual b/T = 5. Proposed section actual d/t 30.63E+06 6.14E+09 7. = Double Walers The load factor (Base case). MATERIAL PROPERTIES Section design strength. ryy = = = = 1.4 2.0 (A) updated on 31-12-2006 TITLE OF PROJECT : KL METRO SBK LINE .MERDEKA STATION (DD STAGE) DESIGN SECTION : STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF 610x324x241. = [ 275/py ] Outstand element of compression flange. t = 17. Plastic modulus of shear area = 1.0 kN/m kN/m = = = 2. T = 31. r The depth between the fillets. rxx xx 3. Sxx Section elastic modulus.6.56 mm4 mm3 mm3 mm N/mm2 Elastic modulus of Steel.0 kNm The Interaction expression : 7) DEFLECTION CHECK Allowable beam deflection.75 Semi-compact = 81. F = 2348.84E+08 1. LOADING ONTO THE WALING BEAMS BENDING MOMENT AND SHEAR FORCE DUE TO WALING LOAD Moment due to waling load.161 r2 = Fc/Ag x yw Web subject to compression throughout.0 3250.1 . = = 1.000 1.9 kNm. Zyy Section radius of gyration.993 Modulus reduction factor. for plastic or compact sections as per Clause 4.31 Flange is Plastic.1kg/m SUMMARY OF INPUTS Design (SLS) load (Basic) Design (SLS) load (Exception) Ultimate design waling load. the proposed section is Non-slender.02 Compact = 64.0 yy OK! 1. where w is the waling load per unit length and L is the horizontal waler spacing.035 Compact = 8.5 and 4.022 = 0.3.6 30661 241. = = 1. : DIAGONAL WALER CAPACITY (With axial force from splay) DESIGNED BY : CWT CHECKED BY : LKW DATE : 30-07-12 Assumptions made : 2 1) The waling should be continuous over two or more supports and shall be designed for a maximum bending moment of wL /8. 2) The notional moment in y-y axis is taken to be =10 kN/m. Syy Section elastic modulus. SECTION CLASSIFICATION 2 mm kg/m kN/mm2 = 0. d/t Plastic = 57.400 1.662 = 0.1 mm Section flange thickness. Ag The proposed section mass.3) Proposed waler shear area.80E+06 mm3 = y' = 345. Mx Moment due to waling load.6 Moment capacity Mc = ySv = kNm. Ms = = = = 12.966 = = 12. The effective length factor.000 1. MEMBER PROPERTIES (SINGLE WALING SECTION) Proposed section depth.0 1708.283 + 0. P = 2989 kN 5. Mcx = 2014.966 Interactive Relationship : = = = = 2.50 1.500 3. (Clause 3.90 mm Section moment of inertia.0 = 610x324x241. MOMENT AND SHEAR CAPACITY CHECK (A) SHEAR CAPACITY CHECK (AS PER CLAUSE 4.1kg/m of STEEL S355 (Grade 50B) SECTION REF. b/T Plastic = 8. Ixx Section plastic modulus. Iyy Section plastic modulus.253 r1 = Fc/d x t x yw = 0.9 kNm Section moment capacity.9 = 0. Esteel = 205. D = 635.5 = 0. Mc = yZ = kNm. Fc kN = 2352. hence no reduction for design strength.8.000 Proposed section root radius. Mcy = 464. Hence.2. d The proposed sectional area.2. for semi-compact section Moment capacity. B = 329.00 mm Section web thickness.050 The effective length factor.1 mm mm mm4 mm3 mm3 mm Section moment of inertia.0 N/mm = 10. Av = 11367 mm2 Available shear capacity.6) = 2014.5 kN (Sufficient shear connectors needed to be provided) Axial force onto waling beam.0 mm Proposed section width.022 OK! OK! DWaler 2x610x324x241. N Proposed waler section (Governing load) Local Interactive relationship 0.0 0. 4.283 0.72E+06 1.0 Fc / P c + Mx / Mcx + = = 0.4 kNm Shear due to the waling load.70 547. Pu = = = 2440. My = 1334.

y = 335.50 1.16 mm4 mm3 mm3 mm N/mm2 Elastic modulus of Steel.59E+06 270.0 Fc / P c + Mx / Mcx + = = 0.14 Web is Plastic.79 Flange is Plastic. Hence. N Proposed waler section (Governing load) Local Interactive relationship 0. = Double Walers The load factor (Base case). Iyy Section plastic modulus. Pu = = = 3360.844 mm mm My / Mcy 0.MAUNSELL CONSULTANTS (SINGAPORE) PTE LTD DESIGN OF WALERS WITH ROLLED STEEL SECTION IN ACCORDANCE TO BS5950 : PART 1 : 1990/2000 Version 3.2 43223 341. D = 661. F = 3241. Lxx Proposed effective length. Fc kN = 3241.0 2357. = [ 275/py ] Outstand element of compression flange.6 Moment capacity Mc = ySv = kNm. B = 333. Pc = 14480 kN Section moment capacity. 4. Proposed section actual d/t 22.0 mm Proposed section width.3 kNm Section moment capacity.958 Interactive Relationship : = = = = 3. for semi-compact section Moment capacity.2 kN (Sufficient shear connectors needed to be provided) Axial force onto waling beam.285 0. for plastic or compact sections as per Clause 4.0 N/mm = 10. Mcy = 654. P = 4125 kN 5.70 Semi-compact = 82. Mcx = 2801.3) Proposed waler shear area. : DIAGONAL WALER CAPACITY (With axial force from splay) DESIGNED BY : CWT CHECKED BY : LKW DATE : 30-07-12 Assumptions made : 2 1) The waling should be continuous over two or more supports and shall be designed for a maximum bending moment of wL /8.400 1. (Clause 3.40 mm Section moment of inertia. d/t Plastic = 57.0 yy OK! 1. Esteel = 205.5 = 0. LOADING ONTO THE WALING BEAMS BENDING MOMENT AND SHEAR FORCE DUE TO WALING LOAD Moment due to waling load. The load factor (Exception).000 Proposed section root radius.906 Value of epsilon.0 kNm The Interaction expression : 7) DEFLECTION CHECK Allowable beam deflection. Fc/Pc + Mx / Mcx + My / Mcy < 1. Zyy Section radius of gyration. a reduction in proposed section moment capacity ! (B) MOMENT CHECK (AS PER CLAUSE 4.2. 2) The notional moment in y-y axis is taken to be =10 kN/m.154 Compact = 9. Sxx Section elastic modulus.000 1. Lyy Maximum diagonal spacing Steel S275 Steel S355 Number of waling beam.2.163 r2 = Fc/Ag x yw Web subject to compression throughout.6. rxx xx 3. = = 1.2.00 kNm 2 High shear load. the proposed section is Non-slender. Av = 16128 mm2 Available shear capacity.999 Modulus reduction factor.0kg/m of STEEL S355 (Grade 50B) SECTION REF.5) Section web reduced strength. MATERIAL PROPERTIES Section design strength.67E+06 mm3 = y' = 335.500 3.0kg/m SUMMARY OF INPUTS Design (SLS) load (Basic) Design (SLS) load (Exception) Ultimate design waling load. Ixx Section plastic modulus.9 2.21 Compact = 64.657 = 0.5 and 4.3 kN/m kN/m = = = 2.06 Semi-compact = 13.0 0.17E+09 1. where w is the waling load per unit length and L is the horizontal waler spacing. MEMBER PROPERTIES (SINGLE WALING SECTION) Proposed section depth. Zxx Section radius of gyration. Waling beam deflection. = = 1. d The proposed sectional area.000 1.267 r1 = Fc/d x t x yw = 0.3.90 mm Section web thickness.750 metres metres metres Proposed effective length. hence no reduction for design strength. t = 24. for slender section Moment capacity Mc = yrZ 6) LOCAL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.2.0 = 610x324x341.2. Ag The proposed section mass.0 4490. Syy Section elastic modulus.0 mm Section flange thickness. My = 1841.657 + 0.958 = = 12. Mc = yZ = kNm.59 Proposed section actual b/T = 3.MERDEKA STATION (DD STAGE) DESIGN SECTION : STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF 610x324x341. MOMENT AND SHEAR CAPACITY CHECK (A) SHEAR CAPACITY CHECK (AS PER CLAUSE 4.2 Compression resistance. Ms = = = = 16. Mx Moment due to waling load. r The depth between the fillets.015 OK! OK! DWaler 2x610x324x341 . The effective length factor.6) = 2801.3 kNm.050 The effective length factor.0 (A) updated on 31-12-2006 TITLE OF PROJECT : KL METRO SBK LINE .6 kNm Shear due to the waling load. Plastic modulus of shear area = 2. T = 43.50 540.5 and 4.8 = 0.285 + 0.10E+07 9.52E+06 1.0 mm mm mm4 mm3 mm3 mm Section moment of inertia.71E+08 2. ryy = = = = 2.015 = 0.63E+06 79. SECTION CLASSIFICATION 2 mm kg/m kN/mm2 = 0.8. b/T Plastic = 8.

0 2926.6) = 3438. P = 5121 kN 5.10 mm Section web thickness.0 N/mm = 10. Mcx = 3438.MAUNSELL CONSULTANTS (SINGAPORE) PTE LTD DESIGN OF WALERS WITH ROLLED STEEL SECTION IN ACCORDANCE TO BS5950 : PART 1 : 1990/2000 Version 3.050 The effective length factor.500 3.8 kNm The Interaction expression : 7) DEFLECTION CHECK Allowable beam deflection.000 1.06 Semi-compact = 13.967 = = 12. d/t Plastic = 56.2. Syy Section elastic modulus. Zxx Section radius of gyration.821 mm mm My / Mcy 0.50 539.012 OK! OK! DWaler 2x610x324x415 .8 2. Fc/Pc + Mx / Mcx + My / Mcy < 1.967 Interactive Relationship : = = = = 3. 2) The notional moment in y-y axis is taken to be =10 kN/m.18 Flange is Plastic. = Double Walers The load factor (Base case). Ms = = = = 16. Iyy Section plastic modulus. Ixx Section plastic modulus.000 Proposed section root radius. Av = 20031 mm2 Available shear capacity.03E+06 80.99E+09 1. N Proposed waler section (Governing load) Local Interactive relationship 0.MERDEKA STATION (DD STAGE) DESIGN SECTION : STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF 610x324x415. y = 335. 4. where w is the waling load per unit length and L is the horizontal waler spacing. = = 1. (Clause 3.30 Web is Plastic.5 and 4. Hence. t = 29.3) Proposed waler shear area.0 yy OK! 1.0 mm Proposed section width. SECTION CLASSIFICATION 2 mm kg/m kN/mm2 = 0.665 = 0.17E+07 274. Proposed section actual d/t 18.8 52793 415. Pu = = = 4180.50 mm Section moment of inertia. : DIAGONAL WALER CAPACITY (With axial force from splay) DESIGNED BY : CWT CHECKED BY : LKW DATE : 30-07-12 Assumptions made : 2 1) The waling should be continuous over two or more supports and shall be designed for a maximum bending moment of wL /8. Pc = 17686 kN Section moment capacity.997 Modulus reduction factor.0 (A) updated on 31-12-2006 TITLE OF PROJECT : KL METRO SBK LINE . ryy = = = = 3. B = 338.20 Semi-compact = 81. T = 53. Waling beam deflection.274 r1 = Fc/d x t x yw = 0.2.0 kNm.7 0. The effective length factor.3.0 kNm Section moment capacity. d The proposed sectional area.2 Compression resistance.0 Fc / P c + Mx / Mcx + = = 0.165 r2 = Fc/Ag x yw Web subject to compression throughout.60 mm4 mm3 mm3 mm N/mm2 Elastic modulus of Steel.40E+06 mm3 = y' = 335. MATERIAL PROPERTIES Section design strength.0 = 610x324x415. Zyy Section radius of gyration. a reduction in proposed section moment capacity ! (B) MOMENT CHECK (AS PER CLAUSE 4.9 kNm Shear due to the waling load.000 1.5 = 0. Mcy = 815.154 Compact = 9.88 Compact = 64.2. r The depth between the fillets.1 = 0. LOADING ONTO THE WALING BEAMS BENDING MOMENT AND SHEAR FORCE DUE TO WALING LOAD Moment due to waling load. Plastic modulus of shear area = 3.0 mm Section flange thickness. Esteel = 205. b/T Plastic = 8. the proposed section is Non-slender.16E+06 2. rxx xx 3.2.0kg/m of STEEL S355 (Grade 50B) SECTION REF. My = 2285. hence no reduction for design strength.5 and 4. Lxx Proposed effective length.400 1.3 kN (Sufficient shear connectors needed to be provided) Axial force onto waling beam. for plastic or compact sections as per Clause 4. F = 4023.012 = 0.906 Value of epsilon.0 mm mm mm4 mm3 mm3 mm Section moment of inertia. Mx Moment due to waling load. Lyy Maximum diagonal spacing Steel S275 Steel S355 Number of waling beam.6 Moment capacity Mc = ySv = kNm.59 Proposed section actual b/T = 3.0 5570.290 0.43E+08 3.29 + 0. for slender section Moment capacity Mc = yrZ 6) LOCAL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.50 1. Ag The proposed section mass. Sxx Section elastic modulus. MEMBER PROPERTIES (SINGLE WALING SECTION) Proposed section depth.5) Section web reduced strength.665 + 0.37E+07 1. MOMENT AND SHEAR CAPACITY CHECK (A) SHEAR CAPACITY CHECK (AS PER CLAUSE 4.6.0 kN/m kN/m = = = 2.750 metres metres metres Proposed effective length.0kg/m SUMMARY OF INPUTS Design (SLS) load (Basic) Design (SLS) load (Exception) Ultimate design waling load. = [ 275/py ] Outstand element of compression flange.8. = = 1. Fc kN = 4026. D = 679. The load factor (Exception).2. for semi-compact section Moment capacity.00 kNm 2 High shear load. Mc = yZ = kNm.

Typical Strutting Calculation Splay .

(kN/m) Redundancy. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Section No W18 W18 W18 W18 W18 W18 Nominal Size 406 400 610 610 610 610 X X X X X X Notes: 1.0 241.0 415.) 2.0 341.83 6 45 2.99 capacity 2.Splay Capacity Table Proposed Splay Sizes No.83 2.83 2.83 6 45 2.83 6 45 2. Forces shown are at 0. (kN/m) 250 380 520 750 940 1000 360 510 700 1000 1240 1360 .8 172.83 2.83 2.83 2.83 6 45 2.83 6 45 2.83 2.83 6 45 Normal.0 455.0 Proposed Splay arrangement Lxx Lyy Spacing Angle (m) (m) (m) (deg. Forces are in increment of 10s 260 400 324 324 324 324 X X X X X X Weight (kg/m) 148.

5 = Proposed effective length. MATERIAL PROPERTIES AND SECTION CLASSIFICATION Section design strength.90 mm per strut Section root radius. y = 345.000 r1 = Fc/d x t x yw r2 = Fc/Ag x yw = 0.00 kN Moment from accidental load.00 mm per strut Section web thickness. Pv.u = 2. = [ 275/py ] 0.035 Compact = 8.6.0 6.15E+08 7. Zxx Section plastic modulus.8 kg/m per strut 2.626 + 0.05xTL per Degree Celsius Degree Celsius Thermal L.85E+06 8.8 mm per strut Section flange thickness.05xEL+ 1.4xSL LC2 : 1.3 63. ryy = = = = = = = = 6.77E+05 5.166 + 0.6 A) BENDING MOMENT DUE TO SELF-WEIGHT AND ECCENTRICITY Imposed load onto section = 0.23E+06 2.20E-05 0.s = 1.71 Semi-compact = 52.2xTL LC3 : 1.14 kNm Splay 406x260x148.10 mm = 43. t = 14.886 kNm Moment from accident load. Syy Section elastic modulus. b/T Plastic = 8.71 Compact = 35. Iyy Section plastic modulus.6 mm per strut Proposed sectional area.996 OK! OK! 1. Ms = 148.00 Section moment of inertia. Esteel = 205.60 kNm Moment due to the strut wt.188 + 0.830 45. M2 = 2. B = 264. = = = 1.0 N/mm2 0.75E+07 3.000 167. : SPLAY CAPACITY REVISION : - Proposed knee strut section = 406x260x148. d = 360. r = 10.99 Elastic modulus of Steel.My = 37.050 1. Ls = = = Interactive Relationship : 250. d/t Plastic = 35.AECOM PTE LTD DESIGN OF KNEE STRUTS WITH ROLLED STEEL SECTION IN ACCORDANCE TO BS5950 : PART 1 : 2000 Version 3.514 Web subject to compression throughout. Mx = M1+ M2 + M3 = 184.186 + 0.988 kN/m per section Ultimate load onto section. Lyy The incidence angle of strut.400 1.5 146. M3 = 37.087 kN/m per section 0.93 Semi-compact = 13. T = 25.85E+05 180. rxx Section radius of gyration. Hence.20 Web is Plastic.514 + 0. LOADING INFORMATION Thermal coeff. M1 = 144. the proposed section is Non-slender.0 mm per strut Proposed section width.11 mm Total eccentricity. Degree of restraint against wall Variation in strut temperature.0 360. ecc.30 Flange is Plastic. PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED KNEE STRUT SECTION Proposed section depth.184 = 0. of expansion.893 Value of epsilon. y' = 24.20 mm per strut Depth between the fillets. Sxx Section elastic modulus.200 = = = Strut Load (kN) 2970 2546 3207 Load Combinations (3 Load Cases) LC1 : 1. Pult = 3354 kN B) BENDING MOMENT DUE TO ACCIDENTAL LOAD Assumed accidental load. 345.2xSL + 1. Zyy Section radius of gyration.500 kN/m Service load onto section. Ixx Section moment of inertia. Pv.39 Proposed section actual b/T = 5.6 kNm Total ultimate (ULS) load.T = 1+ 2 Moment due to eccentricity.0 N/mm2 (Clause 3.MERDEKA STATION DESIGN SECTION : STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF 250x250x66. Lxx Proposed effective length.83 Outstand element of compression flange.184 = 0. T = = = 1.0 (A) updated on 31-12-2006 TITLE OF PROJECT : KLANG VALLEY MRT PROJECT (SBK LINE) . The load factor (temp).8kg/m SUMMARY OF INPUTS Design axial (SLS) load (Basic) Design (SLS) load (Exception) Tributary spacing of strut.0 metres metres Degrees mm4 per strut mm4 per strut 3 mm per strut mm3 per strut mm3 per strut mm3 per strut mm mm kN/mm2 = 1.998 0.14 kNm Total moment.184 = 0. The load factor (Exception). D = 431.8 .000 kN/m kN/m metres DESIGNED BY : CWT CHECKED BY : LKW DATE : 30-07-12 Steel S275 Steel S355 (Governing load) Local Interactive Relationship 0.00 The load factor (Basic).013 mm Strut deflection. (kN) 0.626 + 0. hence no reduction for design strength. Ag = 18917 mm2 per strut Proposed section mass.300 10.864 OK! Overall Interactive Relationship 0. Pa = 50. Proposed section actual d/t = Section web reduced strength.5) 3. 2 = 43. 1 = 5wL4/384EI = The minimum strut eccentricity.5kg/m of STEEL S355 (Grade 50B) SECTION REF.830 2. = = = 2.

864 My / Mcy 0.2 N/mm2 Compression resistance. w = 1.1 I) SECTION COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4.32 1035 0.626 0. where For Class 4 Slender cross section.0 N/mm2 kNm The moment coefficient. pcy Compression resistance. The value of strength Compressive strength.70 Curve (c) = 5.500 15. u Section slenderness factor. If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4.000 1.996 OK! Splay 406x260x148. pb Buckling resistance moment.8. my = = = = = = = = w w 44. LO Section Euler strength.3.166 = 0.Mb = = = = = 1.6.188 0. w = Zx. The limiting slenderness.184 OK! B) OVERALL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.500 The Robertson constant.32 The limiting slenderness.184 = 0.Equation (2) Fc / Pcy + mLTMx / Mb + myMy / PyZy For Lateral-Torsional Buckling = = 0.7. mx The moment coefficient.7) The equivalent slenderness. 2 = 4287 The value of strength N/mm Compressive strength.0 -------------------. DESIGN OF KNEE STRUT / SPLAY AND ITS CONNECTION A) LOCAL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.159 772 283.2 995.eff / Sx The value of parameter w Section buckling parameter.1 Compression resistance.931 308. where If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4.3.4. LT = u ( w) 0.8 .8.00 For Class 3 Semi-compact cross section.186 0.Equation (1) F c / Pc + mxMx / PyZx + myMy / PyZy For Major axis In-plane Buckling = = 0. Section bending strength.000 0.0 Fc / Pc + Mx / Mcx + = = 0.000 1.3. Mcx = 1113.998 OK! The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pcy + mLTMx / Mb + myMy / PyZy < 1. Pcx = 6512 kN The strut slenderness.4) The strut slenderness.3.000 The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pc + mxMx / Mcx + myMy / PyZy < 1.8 kNm Section moment capacity.626 0.0 -------------------.6.4.5 where For Class 1 Plastic or Class 2 Compact cross sections.0 5354 Curve (c) N/mm2 2 N/mm N/mm2 kN = Zx/Sx = Zx/Sx = = = 1.6. xx = 15.002 The section Perry factor. LO Section Euler strength.9 kNm The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pc + Mx / Mcx + My / Mcy < 1.514 0.3. Pc = 6526 kN Section moment capacity. pE The section Perry factor.4. mLT The moment coefficient.3.22 5. pcx = 344. yy The Robertson constant. pE = 8213 N/mm2 = 0. = 15.3.887 0. Pcy II) SECTION BENDING STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4.184 = 0. Mcy = 201.

220 kN/m per section Ultimate load onto section.0 mm per strut Proposed section width.8 kNm Total ultimate (ULS) load.0 510. y' = 24.68E+06 1.05xEL+ 1.52 Flange is Semi-compact.2xTL LC3 : 1. Zyy Section radius of gyration.0 (A) updated on 31-12-2006 TITLE OF PROJECT : KLANG VALLEY MRT PROJECT (SBK LINE) .15 Web is Plastic. Proposed section actual d/t = Section web reduced strength.05xTL per Degree Celsius Degree Celsius Thermal L.AECOM PTE LTD DESIGN OF KNEE STRUTS WITH ROLLED STEEL SECTION IN ACCORDANCE TO BS5950 : PART 1 : 2000 Version 3.00 The load factor (Basic).500 kN/m Service load onto section.00 Section moment of inertia.s = 2. Pv.000 190. b/T Plastic = 8. Ms = 172.686 + 0. 345.2xSL + 1.0 6.050 1. Ixx Section moment of inertia.MERDEKA STATION DESIGN SECTION : STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF 250x250x66.096 = 0.0 mm per strut Section flange thickness.27E+06 1. M2 = 3.985 0.000 kN/m kN/m metres DESIGNED BY : CWT CHECKED BY : LKW DATE : 30-07-12 Steel S275 Steel S355 (Governing load) Local Interactive Relationship 0.39 Proposed section actual b/T = 9.20 Elastic modulus of Steel.096 = 0. ecc.5kg/m of STEEL S355 (Grade 50B) SECTION REF. MATERIAL PROPERTIES AND SECTION CLASSIFICATION Section design strength.096 = 0.400 1.830 2. Hence.0 166.203 + 0.5) 3. (kN) 0. The load factor (temp). hence no reduction for design strength.5 = Proposed effective length. the proposed section is Non-slender. Lyy The incidence angle of strut.00 mm = 40. Degree of restraint against wall Variation in strut temperature.01 mm Total eccentricity.6.5 102.54E+08 2. Syy Section elastic modulus. : SPLAY CAPACITY REVISION : - Proposed knee strut section = 400x400x172.000 r1 = Fc/d x t x yw r2 = Fc/Ag x yw = 0. = = = 1.0 kg/m per strut 2. Pa = 50.636 + 0. d = 314. D = 400.300 10.893 Value of epsilon.985 OK! OK! 1.331 kN/m per section 0. Iyy Section plastic modulus. rxx Section radius of gyration.12E+06 174.14 Outstand element of compression flange.686 + 0.203 + 0.u = 2.00 mm per strut Depth between the fillets.0 N/mm2 0.00 mm per strut Section web thickness. 1 = 5wL4/384EI = The minimum strut eccentricity.00 mm per strut Section root radius. Lxx Proposed effective length.4xSL LC2 : 1. T = = = 1.93 Semi-compact = 13.2 A) BENDING MOMENT DUE TO SELF-WEIGHT AND ECCENTRICITY Imposed load onto section = 0.0kg/m SUMMARY OF INPUTS Design axial (SLS) load (Basic) Design (SLS) load (Exception) Tributary spacing of strut. Pv.830 45. Sxx Section elastic modulus.24E+08 3. = [ 275/py ] 0. B = 400. Pult = 4710 kN B) BENDING MOMENT DUE TO ACCIDENTAL LOAD Assumed accidental load.200 = = = Strut Load (kN) 4514 3869 4544 Load Combinations (3 Load Cases) LC1 : 1.0 N/mm2 (Clause 3.60E+06 3. ryy = = = = = = = = 6.035 Compact = 8.71 Compact = 35.20E-05 0.212 kNm Moment from accident load.203 + 0. 2 = 40. r = 22.47 kNm Moment due to the strut wt.0 metres metres Degrees mm4 per strut mm4 per strut 3 mm per strut mm3 per strut mm3 per strut mm3 per strut mm mm kN/mm2 = 1.935 OK! Overall Interactive Relationship 0. M1 = 188. The load factor (Exception). Ls = = = Interactive Relationship : 380. LOADING INFORMATION Thermal coeff.014 mm Strut deflection.636 Web subject to compression throughout. T = 21. of expansion.T = 1+ 2 Moment due to eccentricity.71 Semi-compact = 47.0 mm per strut Proposed sectional area. Mx = M1+ M2 + M3 = 228. Esteel = 205. y = 345. Zxx Section plastic modulus.14 kNm Total moment.00 kN Moment from accidental load. d/t Plastic = 35. t = 13. M3 = 37.14 kNm Splay 400x400x172 . Ag = 21454 mm2 per strut Proposed section mass. = = = 2. PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED KNEE STRUT SECTION Proposed section depth.My = 37.

Equation (1) F c / Pc + mxMx / PyZx + myMy / PyZy For Major axis In-plane Buckling = = 0. pcx = 343.Mb = = = = = 1.6.0 1127.4. LT = u ( w) 0. Mcy = 386.005 The section Perry factor.000 1.0 -------------------.6.3. pE The section Perry factor.096 OK! B) OVERALL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4. LO Section Euler strength. pb Buckling resistance moment.4.000 The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pc + mxMx / Mcx + myMy / PyZy < 1. Section bending strength.203 = 0.5 where For Class 1 Plastic or Class 2 Compact cross sections.21 Curve (c) = 5.686 0.4) The strut slenderness.eff / Sx The value of parameter w Section buckling parameter.203 0.3.7. 2 = 4040 The value of strength N/mm Compressive strength.8. my = = = = = = = = w w 27.3.5 kNm The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pc + Mx / Mcx + My / Mcy < 1. If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4. xx = 16. Pcy II) SECTION BENDING STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4. u Section slenderness factor.6.686 0.4.000 1.7) The equivalent slenderness.203 0.636 0.00 For Class 3 Semi-compact cross section.096 = 0.8. The limiting slenderness.5 kNm Section moment capacity.0 Fc / Pc + Mx / Mcx + = = 0. = 15.500 15. pcy Compression resistance.1 I) SECTION COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4.2 N/mm2 Compression resistance.32 The limiting slenderness.000 0.0 -------------------. w = 1.068 1582 320. where If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4. pE = 7697 N/mm2 = 0.Equation (2) Fc / Pcy + mLTMx / Mb + myMy / PyZy For Lateral-Torsional Buckling = = 0.32 2638 0. The value of strength Compressive strength.3. Mcx = 1127. w = Zx.500 The Robertson constant.2 6869 Curve (c) N/mm2 2 N/mm N/mm2 kN = Zx/Sx = Zx/Sx = = = 1. Pc = 7402 kN Section moment capacity. mx The moment coefficient. yy The Robertson constant.3. mLT The moment coefficient.69 5.985 OK! Splay 400x400x172 .5 N/mm2 kNm The moment coefficient.985 OK! The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pcy + mLTMx / Mb + myMy / PyZy < 1. LO Section Euler strength.935 My / Mcy 0.3.975 345.850 0. where For Class 4 Slender cross section.1 Compression resistance.3. Pcx = 7364 kN The strut slenderness.096 = 0. DESIGN OF KNEE STRUT / SPLAY AND ITS CONNECTION A) LOCAL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.

90 mm per strut Section root radius.000 271. Ls = = = Interactive Relationship : 520.00 The load factor (Basic).991 0.180 kNm Moment from accident load.0 mm per strut Proposed section width.050 1.68E+06 1.5) 3. y' = 30.93 Semi-compact = 13. M1 = 411. Proposed section actual d/t = Section web reduced strength. The load factor (temp). Lxx Proposed effective length.MERDEKA STATION DESIGN SECTION : STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF 250x250x66. LOADING INFORMATION Thermal coeff.1 mm per strut Section flange thickness. = = = 1. Pv.612 Web subject to compression throughout.000 r1 = Fc/d x t x yw r2 = Fc/Ag x yw = 0.977 OK! OK! 1. Pult = 6474 kN B) BENDING MOMENT DUE TO ACCIDENTAL LOAD Assumed accidental load. rxx Section radius of gyration. ecc. MATERIAL PROPERTIES AND SECTION CLASSIFICATION Section design strength.15 kNm Moment due to the strut wt.200 = = = Strut Load (kN) 6177 5295 6237 Load Combinations (3 Load Cases) LC1 : 1.0 N/mm2 (Clause 3.12E+06 264. Syy Section elastic modulus.T = 1+ 2 Moment due to eccentricity.5 237.5 = Proposed effective length.63E+06 6.05xTL per Degree Celsius Degree Celsius Thermal L.84E+08 7.50 mm = 63. of expansion.0 (A) updated on 31-12-2006 TITLE OF PROJECT : KLANG VALLEY MRT PROJECT (SBK LINE) . b/T Plastic = 8.6 mm per strut Proposed sectional area. the proposed section is Non-slender.56 Elastic modulus of Steel. Ixx Section moment of inertia.14E+09 1. t = 17.39 Proposed section actual b/T = 5. Zxx Section plastic modulus. Lyy The incidence angle of strut. Zyy Section radius of gyration.18 + 0.88 OK! Overall Interactive Relationship 0.057 kN/m per section 0. M3 = 37.31 Flange is Plastic. Esteel = 205.172 + 0.14 kNm Total moment.51 mm Total eccentricity.4xSL LC2 : 1. y = 345.14 kNm Splay 610x324x241 .5 kNm Total ultimate (ULS) load.59 Web is Plastic.701 + 0.0 metres metres Degrees mm4 per strut mm4 per strut 3 mm per strut mm3 per strut mm3 per strut mm3 per strut mm mm kN/mm2 = 1. ryy = = = = = = = = 2. 1 = 5wL4/384EI = The minimum strut eccentricity. = [ 275/py ] 0.17 Outstand element of compression flange.00 kN Moment from accidental load.70 mm per strut Depth between the fillets.6. d = 547.AECOM PTE LTD DESIGN OF KNEE STRUTS WITH ROLLED STEEL SECTION IN ACCORDANCE TO BS5950 : PART 1 : 2000 Version 3. 345.My = 37.830 45.1 kg/m per strut 2.5kg/m of STEEL S355 (Grade 50B) SECTION REF.096 = 0.u = 3. Iyy Section plastic modulus.00 mm per strut Section web thickness.000 kN/m kN/m metres DESIGNED BY : CWT CHECKED BY : LKW DATE : 30-07-12 Steel S275 Steel S355 (Governing load) Local Interactive Relationship 0. PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED KNEE STRUT SECTION Proposed section depth. Ag = 30661 mm2 per strut Proposed section mass. hence no reduction for design strength.006 mm Strut deflection. Mx = M1+ M2 + M3 = 452.500 kN/m Service load onto section.0 6. M2 = 4.701 + 0. T = 31.2xTL LC3 : 1.035 Compact = 8.s = 2. The load factor (Exception). Sxx Section elastic modulus.830 2. Hence. Pa = 50.300 10.05xEL+ 1. r = 12.096 = 0. D = 635.0 N/mm2 0.194 + 0. T = = = 1. Ms = 241.911 kN/m per section Ultimate load onto section.20E-05 0.71 Compact = 35.1kg/m SUMMARY OF INPUTS Design axial (SLS) load (Basic) Design (SLS) load (Exception) Tributary spacing of strut.893 Value of epsilon.612 + 0.71 Semi-compact = 48. Pv. = = = 2. 2 = 63. (kN) 0. : SPLAY CAPACITY REVISION : - Proposed knee strut section = 610x324x241. d/t Plastic = 35. Degree of restraint against wall Variation in strut temperature.00 Section moment of inertia.75E+06 1. B = 329.4 77.2xSL + 1.400 1.096 = 0.0 700.6 A) BENDING MOMENT DUE TO SELF-WEIGHT AND ECCENTRICITY Imposed load onto section = 0.

mx The moment coefficient.3. Section bending strength. Pcy II) SECTION BENDING STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4.3.3.096 = 0. The limiting slenderness.991 OK! The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pcy + mLTMx / Mb + myMy / PyZy < 1. pcx = 345. Mcx = 2632. pcy Compression resistance. If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4.7. yy The Robertson constant. Mcy = 386.0 -------------------.8 kNm Section moment capacity.612 0.00 For Class 3 Semi-compact cross section. The value of strength Compressive strength.3.180 0.6.000 1. LO Section Euler strength.2 9236 Curve (c) N/mm2 2 N/mm N/mm2 kN = Zx/Sx = Zx/Sx = = = 1. = 15. LO Section Euler strength.096 = 0.1 Compression resistance.1 I) SECTION COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4.4.000 1.0 -------------------.4) The strut slenderness.32 The limiting slenderness.7 kNm The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pc + Mx / Mcx + My / Mcy < 1.500 15. w = 1.Equation (1) F c / Pc + mxMx / PyZx + myMy / PyZy For Major axis In-plane Buckling = = 0.701 0. where If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4.6.172 = 0. LT = u ( w) 0.eff / Sx The value of parameter w Section buckling parameter. where For Class 4 Slender cross section. DESIGN OF KNEE STRUT / SPLAY AND ITS CONNECTION A) LOCAL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.4. pE = 17659 N/mm2 = 0.096 OK! B) OVERALL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4. Pcx = 10578 kN The strut slenderness.116 1021 301.500 The Robertson constant. my = = = = = = = = w w 36. xx = 10.000 The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pc + mxMx / Mcx + myMy / PyZy < 1.0 2510. pb Buckling resistance moment. pE The section Perry factor.194 0. mLT The moment coefficient. 2 = 9002 The value of strength N/mm Compressive strength.8.000 0.32 1520 0.49 5.6.888 0.8.964 329. w = Zx.000 The section Perry factor. Pc = 10578 kN Section moment capacity.0 N/mm2 Compression resistance.7) The equivalent slenderness.70 Curve (c) = 5.880 My / Mcy 0.3.Mb = = = = = 1.5 N/mm2 kNm The moment coefficient.977 OK! Splay 610x324x241 .4.5 where For Class 1 Plastic or Class 2 Compact cross sections.0 Fc / Pc + Mx / Mcx + = = 0.3. u Section slenderness factor.Equation (2) Fc / Pcy + mLTMx / Mb + myMy / PyZy For Lateral-Torsional Buckling = = 0.701 0.3.

9 A) BENDING MOMENT DUE TO SELF-WEIGHT AND ECCENTRICITY Imposed load onto section = 0. LOADING INFORMATION Thermal coeff. t = 24. Ag = 43223 mm2 per strut Proposed section mass.24 Compact = 36.884 OK! Overall Interactive Relationship 0.726 + 0.8 334. PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED KNEE STRUT SECTION Proposed section depth.154 Compact = 9. r = 16.17E+09 2.203 + 0. = = = 1.79 Flange is Plastic. M2 = 5. y' = 22.0kg/m SUMMARY OF INPUTS Design axial (SLS) load (Basic) Design (SLS) load (Exception) Tributary spacing of strut.AECOM PTE LTD DESIGN OF KNEE STRUTS WITH ROLLED STEEL SECTION IN ACCORDANCE TO BS5950 : PART 1 : 2000 Version 3.0 mm per strut Section flange thickness. the proposed section is Non-slender.177 + 0.40 mm per strut Section root radius.14 kNm Total moment. ecc. M1 = 611.5) 3. Iyy Section plastic modulus. (kN) 0.4xSL LC2 : 1. = = = 2. Hence.71E+08 1.726 + 0.106 kN/m per section 0. Pa = 50. Degree of restraint against wall Variation in strut temperature. hence no reduction for design strength.9 79.11 kNm Moment due to the strut wt.14 kNm Splay 610x324x341 .184 + 0.0 metres metres Degrees mm4 per strut mm4 per strut 3 mm per strut mm3 per strut mm3 per strut mm3 per strut mm mm kN/mm2 = 1.2xTL LC3 : 1. The load factor (temp). = [ 275/py ] 0.75 Outstand element of compression flange.10 mm = 66. Ms = 341.My = 37. M3 = 37.00 kN Moment from accidental load. T = 43. T = = = 1.05xEL+ 1.5 = Proposed effective length. 1 = 5wL4/384EI = The minimum strut eccentricity. Ls = = = Interactive Relationship : 750.0 6.0 N/mm2 0.43E+06 1.068 = 0.11 mm Total eccentricity.6.63E+06 270. Zyy Section radius of gyration.068 = 0.000 kN/m kN/m metres DESIGNED BY : CWT CHECKED BY : LKW DATE : 30-07-12 Steel S275 Steel S355 (Governing load) Local Interactive Relationship 0. D = 661.59 Proposed section actual b/T = 3.10E+07 9.638 + 0.0 N/mm2 (Clause 3.910 kN/m per section Ultimate load onto section. Mx = M1+ M2 + M3 = 653.MERDEKA STATION DESIGN SECTION : STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF 250x250x66. Pv.997 0. d/t Plastic = 36.u = 4.s = 3. 335.0 1000.000 r1 = Fc/d x t x yw r2 = Fc/Ag x yw = 0. MATERIAL PROPERTIES AND SECTION CLASSIFICATION Section design strength. Sxx Section elastic modulus.0 (A) updated on 31-12-2006 TITLE OF PROJECT : KLANG VALLEY MRT PROJECT (SBK LINE) .5kg/m of STEEL S355 (Grade 50B) SECTION REF. 2 = 66. d = 540.300 10.638 Web subject to compression throughout.830 45.06 Semi-compact = 13. The load factor (Exception).2xSL + 1. ryy = = = = = = = = 3.0 mm per strut Proposed section width. Lxx Proposed effective length. of expansion.500 kN/m Service load onto section.068 = 0.978 OK! OK! 1. Proposed section actual d/t = Section web reduced strength. Zxx Section plastic modulus. Pv. b/T Plastic = 8.0 kg/m per strut 2.00 The load factor (Basic).50 mm per strut Depth between the fillets. Lyy The incidence angle of strut.14 Web is Plastic.59E+06 2.16 Elastic modulus of Steel. Pult = 9244 kN B) BENDING MOMENT DUE TO ACCIDENTAL LOAD Assumed accidental load.90 mm per strut Section web thickness. Syy Section elastic modulus.400 1.000 382.200 = = = Strut Load (kN) 8910 7637 8910 Load Combinations (3 Load Cases) LC1 : 1.906 Value of epsilon. Ixx Section moment of inertia.T = 1+ 2 Moment due to eccentricity.20E-05 0.830 2.050 1. y = 335.005 mm Strut deflection.580 kNm Moment from accident load.00 Section moment of inertia. Esteel = 205.2 mm per strut Proposed sectional area.24 Semi-compact = 47.05xTL per Degree Celsius Degree Celsius Thermal L. rxx Section radius of gyration. B = 333.8 kNm Total ultimate (ULS) load. : SPLAY CAPACITY REVISION : - Proposed knee strut section = 610x324x341.

75 5. LO Section Euler strength.7. u Section slenderness factor.500 15. Pcy II) SECTION BENDING STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4. my = = = = = = = = w w 35.5 kNm Section moment capacity.177 = 0. w = Zx.000 0.4.0 N/mm2 Compression resistance.068 = 0. mLT The moment coefficient. Mcx = 3693.00 For Class 3 Semi-compact cross section.000 The section Perry factor. 2 = 9435 The value of strength N/mm Compressive strength. where If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4.000 The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pc + mxMx / Mcx + myMy / PyZy < 1.0 kNm The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pc + Mx / Mcx + My / Mcy < 1.6. xx = 10.500 The Robertson constant.3.203 0.3.0 -------------------.0 Fc / Pc + Mx / Mcx + = = 0.726 0. If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4.6.068 OK! B) OVERALL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.3. Pcx = 14480 kN The strut slenderness.0 -------------------.Equation (1) F c / Pc + mxMx / PyZx + myMy / PyZy For Major axis In-plane Buckling = = 0.54 The limiting slenderness.4) The strut slenderness. where For Class 4 Slender cross section.184 0. w = 1.978 OK! Splay 610x324x341 .3. pb Buckling resistance moment.726 0.eff / Sx The value of parameter w Section buckling parameter.8.5 where For Class 1 Plastic or Class 2 Compact cross sections.000 1. Mcy = 545. LT = u ( w) 0. DESIGN OF KNEE STRUT / SPLAY AND ITS CONNECTION A) LOCAL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.45 Curve (c) = 5.3.890 0.1 Compression resistance.1 I) SECTION COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4.Equation (2) Fc / Pcy + mLTMx / Mb + myMy / PyZy For Lateral-Torsional Buckling = = 0. Pc = 14480 kN Section moment capacity.0 N/mm2 kNm The moment coefficient. The value of strength Compressive strength.4. LO Section Euler strength.068 = 0.940 322.4.7 12740 Curve (c) N/mm2 2 N/mm N/mm2 kN = Zx/Sx = Zx/Sx = = = 1.111 1047 294.54 1583 0. The limiting slenderness. = 15. yy The Robertson constant.884 My / Mcy 0.997 OK! The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pcy + mLTMx / Mb + myMy / PyZy < 1.638 0.3. pcy Compression resistance.8.7) The equivalent slenderness. Section bending strength.Mb = = = = = 1. pE = 18534 N/mm2 = 0.000 1. pE The section Perry factor. pcx = 335.6.3. mx The moment coefficient.7 3558.

300 10. ryy = = = = = = = = 3.8 80. PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED KNEE STRUT SECTION Proposed section depth.03E+06 274.20E-05 0.186 + 0.050 1.05xEL+ 1.0 mm per strut Proposed section width.906 Value of epsilon.60 Elastic modulus of Steel.830 45.830 2.617 kNm Moment from accident load.5 = Proposed effective length.883 kN/m per section 0.14 kNm Total moment.0 mm per strut Section flange thickness. The load factor (Exception).50 mm per strut Depth between the fillets.648 Web subject to compression throughout. y' = 18.000 r1 = Fc/d x t x yw r2 = Fc/Ag x yw = 0.8 mm per strut Proposed sectional area. : SPLAY CAPACITY REVISION : - Proposed knee strut section = 610x324x415.u = 4. r = 16. Mx = M1+ M2 + M3 = 821.90 mm = 67. Pv.06 Semi-compact = 13.400 1.18 Flange is Plastic.00 Section moment of inertia.99E+09 3.650 kN/m per section Ultimate load onto section.6.14 kNm Splay 610x324x415 . hence no reduction for design strength.005 mm Strut deflection. the proposed section is Non-slender. b/T Plastic = 8. T = 53.055 = 0. D = 679. Lyy The incidence angle of strut.4xSL LC2 : 1.055 = 0.90 mm Total eccentricity. LOADING INFORMATION Thermal coeff. = = = 2. rxx Section radius of gyration.03E+06 2. d = 539.000 467.0kg/m SUMMARY OF INPUTS Design axial (SLS) load (Basic) Design (SLS) load (Exception) Tributary spacing of strut.MERDEKA STATION DESIGN SECTION : STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF 250x250x66. 2 = 67.0 6.0 (A) updated on 31-12-2006 TITLE OF PROJECT : KLANG VALLEY MRT PROJECT (SBK LINE) .1 A) BENDING MOMENT DUE TO SELF-WEIGHT AND ECCENTRICITY Imposed load onto section = 0.My = 37.50 mm per strut Section root radius. Sxx Section elastic modulus.s = 4.30 Web is Plastic. Ixx Section moment of inertia. T = = = 1. Pult = 11457 kN B) BENDING MOMENT DUE TO ACCIDENTAL LOAD Assumed accidental load. t = 29. Esteel = 205. Ls = = = Interactive Relationship : 940.7 kNm Total ultimate (ULS) load. d/t Plastic = 36.24 Semi-compact = 47. Ms = 415.05xTL per Degree Celsius Degree Celsius Thermal L. MATERIAL PROPERTIES AND SECTION CLASSIFICATION Section design strength.18 + 0. Lxx Proposed effective length.2xTL LC3 : 1.98 kNm Moment due to the strut wt. Pa = 50. = = = 1.648 + 0.0 kg/m per strut 2.5 409.43E+08 1.200 = = = Strut Load (kN) 11167 9571 11048 Load Combinations (3 Load Cases) LC1 : 1.0 N/mm2 (Clause 3.AECOM PTE LTD DESIGN OF KNEE STRUTS WITH ROLLED STEEL SECTION IN ACCORDANCE TO BS5950 : PART 1 : 2000 Version 3. Ag = 52793 mm2 per strut Proposed section mass.209 + 0.5) 3.00 The load factor (Basic). Degree of restraint against wall Variation in strut temperature. M2 = 6. Pv.24 Compact = 36. Syy Section elastic modulus. The load factor (temp). 335.T = 1+ 2 Moment due to eccentricity. M3 = 37.882 OK! Overall Interactive Relationship 0.0 metres metres Degrees mm4 per strut mm4 per strut 3 mm per strut mm3 per strut mm3 per strut mm3 per strut mm mm kN/mm2 = 1.0 1240.154 Compact = 9.733 + 0. 1 = 5wL4/384EI = The minimum strut eccentricity.996 0.59 Proposed section actual b/T = 3. of expansion.37E+07 1. Zxx Section plastic modulus.10 mm per strut Section web thickness.973 OK! OK! 1.2xSL + 1.00 kN Moment from accidental load.733 + 0. Proposed section actual d/t = Section web reduced strength.000 kN/m kN/m metres DESIGNED BY : CWT CHECKED BY : LKW DATE : 30-07-12 Steel S275 Steel S355 (Governing load) Local Interactive Relationship 0. (kN) 0. B = 338. Iyy Section plastic modulus. y = 335.055 = 0. Hence.5kg/m of STEEL S355 (Grade 50B) SECTION REF. M1 = 777. = [ 275/py ] 0.0 N/mm2 0. ecc.500 kN/m Service load onto section.17E+07 3.36 Outstand element of compression flange. Zyy Section radius of gyration.

pE The section Perry factor.4.7.108 1076 296.7) The equivalent slenderness. The value of strength Compressive strength. 2 = 9704 The value of strength N/mm Compressive strength. u Section slenderness factor.1 15633 Curve (c) N/mm2 2 N/mm N/mm2 kN = Zx/Sx = Zx/Sx = = = 1.648 0.4) The strut slenderness.4.8.973 OK! Splay 610x324x415 .500 The Robertson constant. DESIGN OF KNEE STRUT / SPLAY AND ITS CONNECTION A) LOCAL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.5 where For Class 1 Plastic or Class 2 Compact cross sections. yy The Robertson constant.209 0.0 Fc / Pc + Mx / Mcx + = = 0.0 -------------------. Pcy II) SECTION BENDING STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4.3. xx = 10.1 Compression resistance.3.000 The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pc + mxMx / Mcx + myMy / PyZy < 1. LT = u ( w) 0.8 kNm Section moment capacity.30 Curve (c) = 5.54 The limiting slenderness.Equation (1) F c / Pc + mxMx / PyZx + myMy / PyZy For Major axis In-plane Buckling = = 0.8 N/mm2 kNm The moment coefficient.3.733 0.000 0.882 My / Mcy 0. = 15.055 = 0.6. where For Class 4 Slender cross section.11 5.733 0.996 OK! The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pcy + mLTMx / Mb + myMy / PyZy < 1.00 For Class 3 Semi-compact cross section.eff / Sx The value of parameter w Section buckling parameter.0 -------------------.889 0.055 OK! B) OVERALL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.8 kNm The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pc + Mx / Mcx + My / Mcy < 1. If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4.5 4429. w = Zx.8.055 = 0. The limiting slenderness.Equation (2) Fc / Pcy + mLTMx / Mb + myMy / PyZy For Lateral-Torsional Buckling = = 0. Mcy = 679. Mcx = 4573. pb Buckling resistance moment. Pc = 17686 kN Section moment capacity.3.186 0. pcy Compression resistance.54 1641 0. Pcx = 17686 kN The strut slenderness.Mb = = = = = 1. Section bending strength. mLT The moment coefficient.000 1. w = 1.0 N/mm2 Compression resistance.3.500 15.180 = 0.923 324. pcx = 335.4. LO Section Euler strength.000 1. pE = 19074 N/mm2 = 0.6.000 The section Perry factor. mx The moment coefficient.1 I) SECTION COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4. where If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4. my = = = = = = = = w w 35. LO Section Euler strength.3.3.6.

200 = = = Strut Load (kN) 11879 10182 12117 Load Combinations (3 Load Cases) LC1 : 1.24 Compact = 36.90 mm per strut Section web thickness.0 (A) updated on 31-12-2006 TITLE OF PROJECT : KLANG VALLEY MRT PROJECT (SBK LINE) . = = = 2. 335.05xTL per Degree Celsius Degree Celsius Thermal L.My = 37. of expansion.T = 1+ 2 Moment due to eccentricity.2 81.300 10. M3 = 37.81E+08 1. MATERIAL PROPERTIES AND SECTION CLASSIFICATION Section design strength. (kN) 0. Syy Section elastic modulus. The load factor (Exception).24 Semi-compact = 47.06 Semi-compact = 13.211 + 0.0 metres metres Degrees mm4 per strut mm4 per strut 3 mm per strut mm3 per strut mm3 per strut mm3 per strut mm mm kN/mm2 = 1.94 Flange is Plastic. Esteel = 205.5kg/m of STEEL S355 (Grade 50B) SECTION REF.0 mm per strut Section flange thickness.88 OK! Overall Interactive Relationship 0.005 mm Strut deflection. Pa = 50. ryy = = = = = = = = 4.969 OK! OK! 1.050 kN/m per section Ultimate load onto section.00 kN Moment from accidental load.00 Section moment of inertia.734 + 0.500 kN/m Service load onto section. Degree of restraint against wall Variation in strut temperature.5 = Proposed effective length. = [ 275/py ] 0. Lyy The incidence angle of strut. t = 32.000 kN/m kN/m metres DESIGNED BY : CWT CHECKED BY : LKW DATE : 30-07-12 Steel S275 Steel S355 (Governing load) Local Interactive Relationship 0. Ixx Section moment of inertia. M2 = 7.000 511. 2 = 68.049 = 0.2xTL LC3 : 1. r = 16.650 Web subject to compression throughout.303 kN/m per section 0.59 Proposed section actual b/T = 2.2 mm per strut Proposed sectional area.2 A) BENDING MOMENT DUE TO SELF-WEIGHT AND ECCENTRICITY Imposed load onto section = 0.400 1. T = 57.00 The load factor (Basic).90 mm Total eccentricity.1 kNm Total ultimate (ULS) load.14 kNm Total moment.50 mm per strut Depth between the fillets.AECOM PTE LTD DESIGN OF KNEE STRUTS WITH ROLLED STEEL SECTION IN ACCORDANCE TO BS5950 : PART 1 : 2000 Version 3.90 mm = 68.35E+06 2.14 kNm Splay 610x324x455 .24E+06 277.MERDEKA STATION DESIGN SECTION : STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF 250x250x66.51E+07 1.5) 3.29E+07 3.1 447. d/t Plastic = 36. T = = = 1. ecc.05xEL+ 1. Ms = 455. D = 689.4xSL LC2 : 1.154 Compact = 9.73 kNm Moment due to the strut wt. Pult = 12564 kN B) BENDING MOMENT DUE TO ACCIDENTAL LOAD Assumed accidental load.65 + 0.049 = 0. B = 340. : SPLAY CAPACITY REVISION : - Proposed knee strut section = 610x324x455. M1 = 865. Mx = M1+ M2 + M3 = 910.s = 5.0 kg/m per strut 2.18 + 0.0 mm per strut Proposed section width. Pv. y' = 16.906 Value of epsilon. = = = 1. Pv.00 mm per strut Section root radius. PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED KNEE STRUT SECTION Proposed section depth. The load factor (temp).050 1. LOADING INFORMATION Thermal coeff. the proposed section is Non-slender.994 0.0 N/mm2 (Clause 3. Ls = = = Interactive Relationship : 1000.049 = 0.0kg/m SUMMARY OF INPUTS Design axial (SLS) load (Basic) Design (SLS) load (Exception) Tributary spacing of strut.0 6.186 + 0. 1 = 5wL4/384EI = The minimum strut eccentricity.000 r1 = Fc/d x t x yw r2 = Fc/Ag x yw = 0.88 Web is Plastic. Lxx Proposed effective length.830 45.43E+09 3. Hence.23 Elastic modulus of Steel. b/T Plastic = 8.0 N/mm2 0. y = 335. rxx Section radius of gyration.u = 5. Sxx Section elastic modulus. Zyy Section radius of gyration.6. Ag = 57714 mm2 per strut Proposed section mass. Proposed section actual d/t = Section web reduced strength. Iyy Section plastic modulus.28 Outstand element of compression flange. Zxx Section plastic modulus.830 2.20E-05 0.0 1360.2xSL + 1. d = 540.734 + 0.178 kNm Moment from accident load. hence no reduction for design strength.

8.9 N/mm2 kNm The moment coefficient.4.500 15.969 OK! Splay 610x324x455 .049 = 0.880 My / Mcy 0.889 0.0 -------------------.3. pb Buckling resistance moment. w = Zx.0 N/mm2 Compression resistance.3.000 The section Perry factor.7. 2 = 9871 The value of strength N/mm Compressive strength. Pc = 19334 kN Section moment capacity.000 The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pc + mxMx / Mcx + myMy / PyZy < 1.54 1667 0.734 0.6.2 4894.734 0.7 17124 Curve (c) N/mm2 2 N/mm N/mm2 kN = Zx/Sx = Zx/Sx = = = 1. Mcy = 750.994 OK! The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pcy + mLTMx / Mb + myMy / PyZy < 1.3.000 1.5 kNm The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pc + Mx / Mcx + My / Mcy < 1. The value of strength Compressive strength.000 0.5 kNm Section moment capacity.00 For Class 3 Semi-compact cross section. LO Section Euler strength.915 325.0 Fc / Pc + Mx / Mcx + = = 0.500 The Robertson constant.21 Curve (c) = 5. Pcx = 19334 kN The strut slenderness.Mb = = = = = 1.1 Compression resistance. mLT The moment coefficient.000 1.186 0. w = 1. The limiting slenderness.eff / Sx The value of parameter w Section buckling parameter.1 I) SECTION COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4.54 The limiting slenderness. my = = = = = = = = w w 34.180 = 0. u Section slenderness factor.211 0.8. Pcy II) SECTION BENDING STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4. If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4.3. where For Class 4 Slender cross section.049 OK! B) OVERALL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.6.5 where For Class 1 Plastic or Class 2 Compact cross sections. Section bending strength. pE = 19407 N/mm2 = 0. pcy Compression resistance. yy The Robertson constant.106 1089 296. pE The section Perry factor. LT = u ( w) 0. Mcx = 5042. where If Mb = pbZx in Clause 4. LO Section Euler strength.3.6.650 0.Equation (2) Fc / Pcy + mLTMx / Mb + myMy / PyZy For Lateral-Torsional Buckling = = 0.049 = 0. DESIGN OF KNEE STRUT / SPLAY AND ITS CONNECTION A) LOCAL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4. = 15.0 -------------------.3.4. pcx = 335. mx The moment coefficient.Equation (1) F c / Pc + mxMx / PyZx + myMy / PyZy For Major axis In-plane Buckling = = 0.4) The strut slenderness.84 5.7) The equivalent slenderness. xx = 10.4.3.

Typical Strutting Calculation Runner Beam .

5 22.5 kN/m*Lx Load on runner.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3340 8325 15435 17230 12805 8425 12 12 12 12 12 12 84 208 386 431 320 211 Total Strut weight Total Vertical + 1. (deg) Strut Force (kN) Length of strut considered for load on runner (m) 2.0 1387. strut (kN) kN 79 136 203 218 203 136 162 344 589 649 524 346 .3 33. of Strut Single Strut Weight (kg/m) Spacing (m) Plaxis Strut Force (kN/m) Angle of strut inclination.0 1404.3 27.0kg/m 2X610X324X415kg/m No.0 2572.0 2134.5 19 Strut Size 2X610X305x179kg/m 2X610X324X415kg/m 3X610X324X415kg/m 3X610X324X455kg/m 3X610X324X415.5% Vertical Restraint (kN) 2 2 3 3 3 2 178 415 415 455 415 415 6 6 6 6 6 6 556.2 39.0 2871.Summary On Runner Force for Merdeka Station Strut Layer Strut Level (mRL) S1 S2 S3 S4 S5 S6 45.

of struts to Strong Bay Intermediate lateral restraint reduction factor Axial Load to Single Runner Beam (kN) 84 208 386 431 320 211 3 3 3 3 3 3 0.75 2.73 91 228 423 472 351 231 Max (SLS) Max (ULS) Max.44 6.04 472 337 661 472 input into RB spreadsheet 350 490 . of Runner Beam Single Runner Weight (kg/m) 2 2 2 2 2 2 172 172 172 172 172 172 Total Runner Weight + 1.5% Lateral Restraint (kN) No.73 0.44 6.05 397.25 640. BM to Single Runner (kNm) 337.74 395.44 6.73 0.80 700.07 575.73 0.73 0. SF to Single Runner (kN) Max.44 6.5 Total Load to kN/m King Post (kN) construction load (kN/m) 6.44 6.Lx of Ly of Proposed Runner Size Runner (m) Runner (m) 2xUC400x400x172 2xUC400x400x172 2xUC400x400x172 2xUC400x400x172 2xUC400x400x172 2xUC400x400x172 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 No.16 350.73 0.44 213.

3 1 8 3.155 kN 337.22 kN Kn m Max.545 350.155 kN 350.035 kNm kN/m 337.5kN/m of single runner Reaction R1 Reaction R2 4 2 324.7 -9. P2 Nearest distance to KP. X Length of Runner Beam.545 335. P1 Strut Load on single runner. Design SF Max.035 Calculation for Max.7 4m -333.9 -337.155 BM Profile 335.155 kN 350.935 337.155 kN SF Profile 333. Design BM 337.Assumed runner beam is simply supported at both ends at king post (safe assumption) P2 P1 X Strut layer considered Number of runner Strut Load on single runner. L S/W + 1.3 324. BM if the above SF & BM profiles are not true Max. BM 337.155 9.035 kNm . SF Max.

000 = 0.452 = 0.5 102. Syy Section elastic modulus. Pcy = = = = 78.7.758 OK! OK! 1.MERDEKA STATION DESIGN SECTION : STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF 400x400x172.0 -------------------.1 I) SECTION COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4. pcy Compression resistance.162 + 0.3. for plastic or compact sections as per Clause 4.000 = 0.28 5.Mb = 854.54E+08 2.26 kNm Bending moment in x-x axis. T = 21. y' = 4 mm per strut mm4 per strut mm3 per strut 3 mm per strut mm3 per strut mm3 per strut mm mm kN/mm2 24. Pa = 0.524 Flange is Semi-compact.2.162 + 0. : SECTION T3-T3 SS3 RUNNER BEAM Proposed runner beam section = 400x400x172.8. MOMENT AND SHEAR CAPACITY CHECK (A) SHEAR CAPACITY CHECK (AS PER CLAUSE 4.93 Semi-compact = 13.469 0. xx Curve (c) = 5.MAUNSELL CONSULTANTS (SINGAPORE) PTE LTD DESIGN OF STEEL MEMBER WITH ROLLED STEEL SECTION IN ACCORDANCE TO BS5950 : PART 1 : 2000 Version 3.Equation (2) Fc / Pcy + mLTMx / Mb + myMy / PyZy For Lateral-Torsional Buckling = = 0.3) Proposed beam shear area.500 The Robertson constant.0 -------------------.6 Moment capacity.0 mm per strut Proposed section depth.00 mm per strut Depth between the fillets. u = 0. hence no reduction for design strength. Sxx Section elastic modulus.500 190.4 N/mm Buckling resistance moment.8.858 Section slenderness factor. Plastic modulus of shear area = mm3 B) BENDING MOMENT DUE TO ACCIDENTAL LOAD Assumed accidental load. d = 314.5) 3. r = 22.61 Compact = 52. MATERIAL PROPERTIES AND SECTION CLASSIFICATION = Section design strength. my = = = 1. 2 Section bending strength. pb = 261. y 345. Compressive strength. Av = 5200 mm2 Available shear capacity. no reduction in moment capacity. b/T 8.2.0 N/mm2 (Clause 3.5 and 4. for semi-compact section = kNm.162 0.850 = 0.000 kN Moment from accidental load.089 0.9 Proposed section actual b/T = 9.000 OK! 6) OVERALL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.0 8. mx The moment coefficient. Zxx Section plastic modulus. Mc = yZ = 1127.000 1. ryy = = = = = = = = 6. Lyy r1 = Fc/d x t x yw r2 = Fc/Ag x yw = = = = = = = 661.7) The value of parameter w = 1. yy The Robertson constant.5 kNm The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pc + Mx / Mcx + My / Mcy < 1. Fc kN = 1076.0 Outstand element of compression flange.000 Section buckling parameter.00 mm per strut Section web thickness. Hence.2.000 8.68E+06 1. Lxx Proposed effective length. Iyy Section plastic modulus. t = 13.596 0. Fs Induced beam moment (ULS) Proposed effective length.2.0 472.614 0.0 kg/m per strut Section moment of inertia.000 1.27E+06 1.60E+06 3. the proposed section is Non-slender. Ms = 172.1 N/mm2 Compression resistance. Ag = 21454 mm per strut Proposed section mass.2. Esteel = 205.12E+06 174.000 Curve (c) N/mm2 kN The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pc + mxMx / Mcx + myMy / PyZy < 1.15 Web is Plastic.6) Moment capacity Mc = ySv = kNm.541 OK! Overall Interactive Relationship 0. Compressive strength.5 kNm. LOADING INFORMATION A) BENDING MOMENT DUE TO SELF-WEIGHT AND ECCENTRICITY Moment due to self-weight. Pult Ultimate (ULS) shear load.6.0kg/m DESIGNED BY : ASMS CHECKED BY : LKW DATE : 18/07/2012 Steel S275 Steel S355 SUMMARY OF INPUTS Ultimate (ULS) design load. Proposed section actual d/t = Section web reduced strength.00 mm per strut Section root radius.5 kNm Section moment capacity.0 updated on 31-12-2006 TITLE OF PROJECT : KLANG VALLEY MRT PROJECT (BLUE LINE) . M1 = 19. Pcx = 5987 kN II) SECTION BENDING STRENGTH (CLAUSE 4.My = 0.4) = 45.2 kNm The beam slenderness. 345.541 My / Mcy 0.24E+08 3.0 mm per strut Section flange thickness.3.3 kNm 4.6.758 OK! RB Design T3-T3 . Pc = 7402 kN Section moment capacity.39 Web subject to compression throughout. mLT The moment coefficient.2 Compression resistance.5 and 4.893 Value of epsilon. D = Proposed section width. pcx = 279. PROPERTIES OF PROPOSED RUNNER BEAM SECTION 400. Zyy Section radius of gyration.5 Elastic modulus of Steel.596 + 0 = 0.39 Semi-compact = 90.614 OK! The Interaction Expression : Fc/Pcy + mLTMx / Mb + myMy / PyZy < 1.452 + 0 = 0. = [ 275/py ] 0.452 0.3.0 mm per strut 2 Proposed sectional area. for slender section Moment capacity Mc = yrZ 5) LOCAL CAPACITY CHECK AS PER CLAUSE 4.162 0.0 490.452 + 0 = 0.0kg/m of Steel S355 (Grade 50B) SECTION REF.3. Mcx = 1127. d/t Plastic = 48.0 N/mm2 = 0.089 kN kN kNm metres metres Interactive Relationship : Local Interactive Relationship 0. Ixx Section moment of inertia.035 Plastic = Compact = 8. rxx Section radius of gyration. (B) MOMENT CHECK (AS PER CLAUSE 4.Equation (1) Fc / Pc + mxMx / PyZx + myMy / PyZy For Major axis In-plane Buckling = = 0.000 0. Mcy = 386.83 The beam slenderness.000 kNm Low shear load.0 Mx / Mcx + Fc / Pc + = = 0. Mx = 509.4 = Modulus reduction factor.089 + 0. B = 400.0 4076 The moment coefficient.20 2.