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Pushover Analysis

Section 1 Create a pushover analysis directory and a collapse input file


Step 1 Create the directory for pushover analysis
Under Training Project, create Pushover subdirectory; copy the model file sacinp.dat,
seastate input file seainp.dat, and psi input file psiinp.dat to the directory, and make this directory
current.
Step 2 Modify the model input file and seastate input file for collapse analysis
Modify the model file: the only modification for the model file is to delete HYDRO and
HYDRO2
lines.
Modify the seastate input file:
Modify
Input
CMB
LCSEL
intolines;
line
column
to
65-67 in
load
LDOPT
conditions
line. GRAV,
S000,
and storm
S090; load case
byDelete
AMOD
include
Modify
operating
storm
load cases
andS045,
extreme
P000~P090 and S000~S090 by deleting DEAD lines and INCWGT line; Add DEAD load
condition with selected weight groups for ANOD and WKWY; Delete all existing combined
load conditions; Add a new combined load condition GRAV to include structural dead load and
applied equipment loads, miscellaneous loads and live loads; Modify LCSEL line to include
load conditions GRAV, S000, S045, and S090; Input CMB into column 65-67 in LDOPT line.

Seastate input file defined shall look like the following:


------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------LDOPT
NF+Z1.0280007.849000 -79.50 79.50GLOBMN
CMB
*
LCSEL ST
GRAV S000 S045 S090
FILE B
CENTER CEN1
CDM
CDM 2.50 0.600
1.200
0.600
1.200
CDM 250.00 0.600
1.200
0.600
1.200
MGROV
MGROV 0.000 60.000 2.500
2.5410-4 1.400
MGROV 60.000 79.200 5.000
2.5410-4 1.400
GRPOV
GRPOVAL
LG1
1.501.501.501.50
F
GRPOVAL
LG2
1.501.501.501.50
F
GRPOVAL
LG3
1.501.501.501.50
F
GRPOVAL
PL1NN
0.001 0.001 0.001
GRPOVAL
PL2NN
0.001 0.001 0.001
GRPOVAL
PL3NN
0.001 0.001 0.001
GRPOVAL
PL4NN
0.001 0.001 0.001

GRPOV
W.BNF 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001
LOAD
LOADCNDEAD
DEAD
DEAD
-Z
81.000
M BML
INCWGT ANODWKWY
LOADCNAREA
INCWGT AREA
ACCEL
1.00000
N CEN1
LOADCNEQPT
INCWGT EQPT
ACCEL
1.00000
N CEN1
LOADCNLIVE
INCWGT LIVE
ACCEL
1.00000
N CEN1
LOADCNMISC
INCWGT MISC
ACCEL
1.00000
N CEN1
LOADCNS000
WAVE
WAVE1.00STRE 12.19 81.00 15.00
0.00
D
20.00 18MS10 1
WIND
WIND D 45.170
0.00
AP08
CURR
CURR
0.000 0.514 0.000
-5.000BC LN
CURR
81.000 1.801
LOADCNS045
WAVE
WAVE1.00STRE 12.19 81.00 15.00
45.00
D
20.00 18MS10 1
WIND
WIND D 45.170
45.00
AP08
CURR
CURR
0.000 0.514 45.000
-5.000BC LN
CURR
81.000 1.801 45.000
LOADCNS090
WAVE
WAVE1.00STRE 12.19 81.00 15.00
90.00
D
20.00 18MS10 1
WIND
WIND D 45.170
90.00
AP08
CURR
CURR
0.000 0.514 90.000
-5.000BC LN
CURR
81.000 1.801 90.000
LCOMB
LCOMB GRAV DEAD1.0000AREA1.0000EQPT1.0000LIVE0.7500MISC1.0000
END

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Step 3 Create the collapse input file CLPINP.000


Pushover analysis should be performed for each wave direction since the structural behaviors
could be different when environmental loads are applied on the structure from different
directions.
In one collapse pushover analysis clients can define more than one load sequence in one collapse
analysis input file to include environmental loads from different directions. However only the
results from the last load sequence defined in the input file is saved in clprst file for collapse
view program. In this demo pushover analysis it only includes extreme storm loads from one
direction, 0 degree.
The unit of the collapse input file:
There is no place to define the unit for the collapse input file. The program will use the same unit
as whatever defined in the structural model file.
Collapse options:
Member segments
local buckling
8 is chosen
check with
alongAPI
with
Bulletin
80 iterations
LRFDallowed
method for
is included;
both load increment and
member iterations; Member local buckling check with API Bulletin LRFD method is included;
Joint flexibility with JF option and joint strength check with API LRFD option is included;
Pile plasticity is selected in the analysis; The maximum deflection = 500 cm is used as the
collapse criterion. Strain hardening ratio of .005 is selected. Collapse analysis report
selections: Joint deflections will be printed out in the listing file for each load increment by
selecting P1 Joint strengths will be printed out for each load increment by selecting J1;
Member stresses will be printed out for each load increment by selecting M1; Collapse and
member summary report will be included in the output listing file by selecting SM and MS.
Define load sequence: One Load sequence AAAA is defined to apply vertical loads first, and
then apply ship impact loads by increments; Combined load case GRAV will be applied on the
structure in 1 load increment; Load case S000 will be applied on the structure 1) in 2 load steps
from load factors of 0 to 1.00; 2) in 50 steps for load factors from 1.02 to 2.02.
In this demo pushover analysis the jacket structure and piles behaviors are to be investigated for
environmental loads exceed the design extreme storm loads, deck members are to be defined as
Elastic members during the analysis. Elastic member groups can be defined using GRPELA line
for member groups W01, W02, DL6, DL7, DUM, and W.B.
Collapse input files defined shall look like following:
Clpinp.000
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------CLPOPT 80 8 80
LBJFPPJS
LR 0.100.001 0.01 500. .005
CLPRPT P1 M1 J1SMMS
LDSEQ AAAA
GRAV 1
1.00S000 2
1.0S000 50 1.02 2.02
GRPELA
W01 W02 DL6 DL7 DUM W.B
END

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Section 2 Create the collapse analysis run file


Step 1 Select analysis type and sub-type
Click Analysis Generator from Executive window and select Statics for Type and Full
Plastic
Collapse/Pushove for Subtype. The file Id of 000 is chosen in the first analysis.
Step 2 Select Analysis Options
Check options for Environmental Loading, Solve, Foundation, and Non-Linear / Plastic.
Step 3 Select input files
SACS model input file is SACINP.DAT;
SeaState input file is SEAINP.DAT;
Foundation input file is PSIINP.DAT;
Collapse input file is CLPINP.000
See below picture for the selected options:

Section 3 Run the analysis and review the results


Check the results from collapse view:
After a collapse analysis is finished, a collapse view file clprst.000 will be created. Double click
the file name, collapse view program will open the file and many results can be checked on the
screen. Several reports, such as analysis history report, joint report, member report, and pile
capacity report can be generated.
The part of pile capacity report generated from collapse view is shown below.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Pile Capacity Used Report (KN )
Load Load Load Pilehead Axial Total Capacity
Step Cond Factor Joint
Load Capacity Used (%)

1 GRAV 1.00 101P


1 GRAV 1.00 102P
1 GRAV 1.00 103P
1 GRAV 1.00 104P
1 GRAV 1.00 105C
1 GRAV 1.00 106C
1 GRAV 1.00 107C
1 GRAV 1.00 108C
2 S000 0.50 101P
2 S000 0.50 102P
2 S000 0.50 103P
2 S000 0.50 104P

13 S000 1.20 103P


13 S000 1.20 104P
13 S000 1.20 105C
13 S000 1.20 106C
13 S000 1.20 107C
13 S000 1.20 108C
14 S000 1.22 101P
14 S000 1.22 102P
14 S000 1.22 103P
14 S000 1.22 104P
14 S000 1.22 105C
14 S000 1.22 106C
14 S000 1.22 107C
14 S000 1.22 108C

44 S000 1.82 101P


44 S000 1.82 102P
44 S000 1.82 103P
44 S000 1.82 104P
44 S000 1.82 105C
44 S000 1.82 106C
44 S000 1.82 107C
44 S000 1.82 108C
45 S000 1.84 101P
45 S000 1.84 102P
45 S000 1.84 103P
47
47
47
47
47
47
47

S000
S000
S000
S000
S000
S000
S000

1.88
1.88
1.88
1.88
1.88
1.88
1.88

101P
102P
103P
104P
105C
106C
107C

-3774.2 -57792.1
-2322.5 -57772.9
-3624.1 -57792.1
-2467.7 -57772.9
-403.3 -21849.2
-403.3 -21849.2
-403.3 -21849.2
-403.3 -21849.2
-1353.8 -57792.1
-4740.8 -57772.9
-1204.2 -57792.1
-4885.2 -57772.9

6.5 Compression
4.0 Compression
6.3 Compression
4.3 Compression
1.8 Compression
1.8 Compression
1.8 Compression
1.8 Compression
2.3 Compression
8.2 Compression
2.1 Compression
8.5 Compression

2272.2
-8379.5
-403.3
-403.3
-403.3
-403.3
2234.1
-8347.2
2373.9
-8483.9
-403.3
-403.3
-403.3
-403.3

58144.3
-57772.9
-21849.2
-21849.2
-21849.2
-21849.2
58144.3
-57772.9
58144.3
-57772.9
-21849.2
-21849.2
-21849.2
-21849.2

3.9 Tension
14.5 Compression
1.8 Compression
1.8 Compression
1.8 Compression
1.8 Compression
3.8 Tension
14.4 Compression
4.1 Tension
14.7 Compression
1.8 Compression
1.8 Compression
1.8 Compression
1.8 Compression

5296.4
-11419.9
5418.5
-11539.5
-403.5
-403.5
-403.5
-403.5
5409.1
-11520.7
5522.3

58144.3
-57772.9
58144.3
-57772.9
-21849.2
-21849.2
-21849.2
-21849.2
58144.3
-57772.9
58144.3

9.1 Tension
19.8 Compression
9.3 Tension
20.0 Compression
1.8 Compression
1.8 Compression
1.8 Compression
1.8 Compression
9.3 Tension
19.9 Compression
9.5 Tension

5651.7
-11722.8
5740.8
-11809.2
-402.0
-402.0
-402.0

58144.3
-57772.9
58144.3
-57772.9
-21849.2
-21849.2
-21849.2

9.7 Tension
20.3 Compression
9.9 Tension
20.4 Compression
1.8 Compression
1.8 Compression
1.8 Compression

47
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

S000
S000
S000
S000
S000
S000
S000
S000
S000

1.88
1.90
1.90
1.90
1.90
1.90
1.90
1.90
1.90

108C
101P
102P
103P
104P
105C
106C
107C
108C

-402.0
5769.9
-11851.0
5844.4
-11924.4
-402.5
-402.5
-402.5
-402.5

-21849.2
1.8 Compression
58144.3
9.9 Tension
-57772.9 20.5 Compression
58144.3 10.1 Tension
-57772.9 20.6 Compression
-21849.2
1.8 Compression
-21849.2
1.8 Compression
-21849.2
1.8 Compression
-21849.2
1.8 Compression

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Collapse view also can show the structural damage graphically, see the following pictures.

The parts of results also can be viewed by graphic curves.

Select the Total Joint Displacement as the output parameter for X axis and 100 cm as the
maximum value, the Load Factor as the output parameter for Y axis, and omit the final load
increment from the graph, see the followings

The curve is shown as below.

Check collapse output listing file:


The listing file reports the selected outputs, such as joint deflections and member stresses. It also
includes the total ship impact energy, and the energy absorbed by structure at each load
increment. Listing file also indicates the structure damages.
The following are parts of the listing file.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------**** INCREMENT NO. 48 DEFLECTIONS AND ROTATIONS FOR LOAD CASE
S000 ****

LOAD FACTOR

1.900

****** DEFLECTIONS ****** ******* ROTATIONS *******


JOINT
X
Y
Z
X
Y
Z
CM
CM
CM
RAD
RAD
RAD
101L
101P
101X
102L
102P
102X
103L
103P
103X
104L
104P

58.166
58.153
63.360
58.117
57.472
63.696
58.548
58.535
66.304
58.500
57.855

0.227
-0.143
-0.026
-0.066
0.574
0.206
0.269
0.632
0.260
-0.139
-0.779

3.391
-0.304
0.541
-2.822
3.573
0.530
3.381
-0.256
3.261
-2.837
3.555

0.00004 0.00366 -0.00115


-0.00006 0.02031 -0.00361
0.00000 0.00260 -0.00001
0.00021 0.00387 -0.00101
-0.00022 0.03041 -0.00335
-0.00001 0.00261 -0.00030
-0.00005 0.00366 0.00084
-0.00011 0.02036 0.00347
-0.00001 0.00267 -0.00013
-0.00022 0.00386 0.00071
0.00031 0.03099 0.00330

** SACS COLLAPSE MEMBER FORCES AND MOMENTS **


INCREMENT 48

LOAD FACTOR

1.900

****** INTERNAL FORCES ****** ***** INTERNAL MOMENTS *****


************** STRESSES **************
MEMBER GRUP LOC.
X
Y
Z
X
Y
Z AXIAL BEND-Y
BEND-Z SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z PLAST.
M
KN
KN
KN
KN-M
KN-M
KN-M N/MM2 N/MM2
N/MM2 N/MM2 N/MM2 RATIO
101L-101X BR1 0.00 2520.658
-6.1 0.2 -0.1 0.00
2.14 2520.658 3.538
-0.1 0.00
4.28 2519.592 3.291
-0.1 0.00
6.42 2518.750 3.080
0.0 0.00
8.56 2518.725 2.836
0.1 0.00
10.70 2517.659 2.785
0.1 0.00
12.84 2517.042 2.747
0.2 0.00
14.98 2516.793 2.734
0.3 0.00
17.12 2515.727 2.891
0.3 0.00

3.538

-2.387

17.4

-34.2

-42.3

60.9

-4.9

-2.387

17.4

-39.3

-34.7

60.9

-5.6

-5.0

0.2

-1.477

17.4

-42.5

-27.7

60.8

-6.1

-4.0

0.2

-0.413

17.4

-43.3

-21.1

60.8

-6.2

-3.0

0.1

1.252

17.4

-40.7

-15.0

60.8

-5.8

-2.2

0.1

2.276

17.4

-35.8

-9.1

60.8

-5.1

-1.3

0.1

3.726

17.4

-27.8

-3.2

60.8

-4.0

-0.5

0.1

5.585

17.4

-15.9

2.7

60.8

-2.3

0.4

0.1

7.080

17.4

-0.7

8.9

60.7

-0.1

1.3

0.1

101L-101X BR1 17.12 2514.945 3.050 8.320


17.4
-0.7
8.9 60.7 -0.1 1.3
0.1 0.4 0.00
18.12 2514.945 3.050 8.320
17.4
7.6
11.9 60.7 1.1 1.7 0.1
0.4 0.00

********************* JOINT STRENGTH REPORT


*********************
INCREMENT 48
LOAD FACTOR 1.900
JOINT CHORD BRACE PERCENT PERCENT PERCENT *** APPLIED STRESSES ***
** ALLOWABLE STRESSES ** UNITY
JNT JNT T&Y X
K AXIAL OUT-PLN INPLANE AXIAL OUT-PLN
INPLANE CHECK
N/MM2 N/MM2 N/MM2 N/MM2 N/MM2 N/MM2
7119 706F 708F 100.00 0.00 0.00 -0.15 3.93 -1.30 137.76 396.04 511.16
0.010
7116 705F 706F 100.00 0.00 0.00 -0.23 -1.90 -4.43 137.77 396.06 511.20
0.010
7120 705F 706F 11.27 88.73 0.00 -2.38 -0.17 -1.03 176.32 396.08 511.26
0.002
705F 707F 0.00 100.00 0.00 -2.11 -0.54 1.06 181.21 396.08 511.26 0.003
7117 707F 708F 100.00 0.00 0.00 -0.17 2.12 -4.61 137.77 396.06 511.20
0.010
7118 705F 707F 100.00 0.00 0.00 -0.27 -3.63 -1.20 137.77 396.06 511.21
0.009

** SACS COLLAPSE PILE DETAIL REPORT **


INCREMENT 48

LOAD FACTOR

1.900

PILEHEAD JOINT 101P


**** DEFLECTIONS **** ***** ROTATIONS ***** **************
ELASTIC INTERNAL LOADS *************** PLASTIC
INCR DISTANCE X
Y
Z
X
Y
Z
FX
FY
FZ
MX
MY
MZ
RATIO
M
CM
CM
CM
RAD RAD RAD
KN
KN
KN
KN-M
KN-M KN-M
1
-20.1
2
-19.3
3
-18.6

0.00 0.317 58.153 0.000 0.0016 -0.0001 -0.0206 5769.91 1197.68


7039.3 0.250
0.40 0.317 57.290 0.003 0.0016 -0.0001 -0.0219 5843.86 1062.08
6625.2 0.250
0.80 0.312 56.374 0.005 0.0016 -0.0001 -0.0232 5906.75 1064.08
6200.3 0.083

1.31

7.0

1.62

7.9

1.53

7.7

4
-18.0
5
-17.4
6
-16.8
7
-16.2
8
-15.6
9
-15.1
10
-14.5
11
-14.0

1.20 0.303 55.413


5774.7 0.000
1.60 0.293 54.410
5354.3 0.000
2.00 0.281 53.368
4942.9 0.000
2.40 0.267 52.291
4540.9 0.000
2.80 0.251 51.182
4149.0 0.000
3.20 0.234 50.043
3767.8 0.000
3.60 0.216 48.878
3397.6 0.000
4.00 0.197 47.688
3039.0 0.000

0.007 0.0016 -0.0001 -0.0243 5981.88 1050.95

1.49

7.6

0.009 0.0016 -0.0001 -0.0253 6067.73 1028.61

1.46

7.5

0.011 0.0016 -0.0001 -0.0262 6162.92 1004.85

1.44

7.4

0.012 0.0016 -0.0001 -0.0270 6265.64 979.70

1.41

7.3

0.014 0.0016 -0.0001 -0.0278 6373.92 953.22

1.38

7.2

0.015 0.0016 -0.0001 -0.0285 6485.63 925.47

1.36

7.2

0.016 0.0016 -0.0001 -0.0292 6598.53 896.51

1.33

7.1

0.017 0.0016 -0.0001 -0.0298 6710.24 866.43

1.30

7.0

-----------------------------------------------------