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(GLOSSARY OF TERMS

IN NAVAL ARCHITECTURE
AND MARINE ENGINEERING)

( )

... .
22 2546

Contents
Page
A (ABAFT AUXILIARY MACHINERY AUXILIARIES) 4-5
B (BALE CUBIC BUTTOCK)

6-9

C (CAMBER COLLISION BULKHEAD)

10

D (DEADRISE DUNNAGE)

11-13

E (ENDS EVEN KEEL)

14

F (FATHOM FUNNEL, SMOKESTACK)

15-17

G (GANGWAY GROSS TONNAGE (GT))

18-19

H (HATCH (HATCHWAY) HULL)

20

I (INTERCOSTAL)

21

J()
K (KEEL KNUCKLE LINE)

22

L (LENGTH, OVERALL LONGITUDINALS)

23

M (MANHOLE MOLDED LINES)

24-25

N (NAVAL POWER NET TONNAGE (NT))

26

O (OFFSETS)

27

P (PARARELL MIDDLE BODY PORT SIDE)

28

Q (QUARTERS)

29

R (RAKE RUN)

30-31

S (SAGGING SWASH BULKHEAD)

32-36

T (TAILSHAFT TWIST LOCK)

37-39

U (UPTAKE)

40

V (VANG VLCC TANKER)

41

W (WATER BALLAST WINDLASS)

42

3
Page
X()
Y()
Z()
REFERENCES

44

A
ABAFT

AFT

,
AFTERBODY

( F0REBODY)
AFTER PEAK

AFTER PERPENDICULAR (AP)

(LOAD LINE)
RUDDER POST RUDDER STOCK RUDDER
POST

AFT SHEER (SA)


AIR PIPE

..
AIR LOCKS
.. (F.O DAY TANK)
(GOOSENECK)
AIR PORT

DECKHOUSE
AMIDSHIPS


APPENDAGES

, ,

ATHWARTSHIP

-
AUXILIARY MACHINERY AUXILIARIES

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

B
BALE CUBIC

CARGO BATTENS
BALLAST

-
BASE LINE

- - CENTERLINE
(C.L) MBL (MOULDED BASELINE)
BEAM

1. (BREADTH)
2. (DECK BEAM),
BEAM KNEE

BRACKET DECK BEAM (FRAME)


BERTH

,
BETWEEN DECKS (TWEEN DECKS)

(SPACE)
BILGE

()
BILGE WATER

BILGE KEEL

BITT

-
BOLLARD (SINGLE & DOUBLE
BOLLARD)

BLOCK COEFFICIENT

(RECTANGULAR BLOCK)

BODY PLAN

()
BODY
PLAN LINES DRAWING
BOLLARD

-
BITT
BOLLARD PULL

()
TOWING HOOK
BONJEAN CURVES

(AREARS OF TRANSVERSE SECTION),


,
MBL,
(- )
BOOM

()
CARGO
BOOM

BOW ()

-
1. STRAIGHT
VERTICAL BOW
2. 70 RAKED
BOW

3. MAIERFORM RAKED
MAIERFORM
4. CLIPPER RAKED

5.

PASSENGER LINER
CUTTER CLIPPER


RAM
BULBOUS BOW

BRACKET

2
DECK BEAM FRAME, BULKHEAD STIFFENER TANK TOP
DECK BRIDGE HOUSE
UPPER DECK SUPERSTRUCTURE DECK


BULK CARGO

, ,
BULKHEAD (BHD)


FORE-PEAK BHD OR COLLISION BHD, AFT PEAK BHD, HOLD BHD,
TWEEN DECK BHD, ENGINE ROOM BHD, SUPERSTRUCTURE END BHD,
LONGITUDINAL BHD, TRANSVERSE BHD, OILTIGHT BHD, WATERTIGHT
BHD GASTIGHT BHD

BULKHEAD DECK

(TRANSVERSE WATERTIGHT BHD)

BULKHEAD RECESS

BULWARK

SHEER STRAKE
BUOY ()


BUOYANCY

,
BUTTOCK

VERTICAL LONGITUDINAL PLANE


( CENTERLINE)

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10

C
CAMBER

()
ROUND OF BEAM 1/50
CB (B)

CENTER OF BUOYANCY
CG (G)

CENTER OF GRAVITY
CB
COFFERDAM (C/D)

FLOORS

COLLISION BULKHEAD

FREEBOARD DECK

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11

D
DEADRISE

BODY PLAN DEADRISE


HORIZONTAL PLANE (RISE) BASE LINE HALF-BREADTH
DEADRISE RISE OF FLOOR RISE OF BOTTOM
DEADWEIGHT


CARGO, F.O, L.O, F.W, STORE, CREW PASSENGERS, BAGGAGE
PROVISION

DECK

BOAT DECK, BRIDGE


DECK, UPPER DECK MAIN DECK,
A DECK, B DECK
CLASSIFICATION
1.) (LONGITUDINAL STRENGTH)


SUPERSTRUCTURE DECK 0.15L
STRENGTH DECK
1b.) EFFECTIVE DECK STRENGTH DECK

1c.) PLATFORM DECK


1a.) STRENGTH DECK

EFFECTIVE DECK
2.)
2a.) UPPER DECK

2b.) LOWER DECK UPPER DECK


ORLOP DECK
2c.) UPPER DECK FORECASTLE DECK,
SHELTER DECKER

12
BRIDGE DECK POOP DECK, DECKHOUSE

UPPER BRIDGE DECK, PROMENADE DECK, NAVIGATION


DECK, FLYING BRIDGE DECK COMPASS DECK.
3.)
3a.) EXPOSED DECK WEATHER DECK
3b.) SHELTER DECK
3c.) FREEBOARD DECK
3d.) TONNAGE DECK

DECKHOUSE


SUPER-STRUCTURE
DEEP TANKS

TANK TOP
(HATCH) ..,

DERRICK (-)

CRANE - BOOM
-
(GUY ) BOOM
DISPLACEMENT, LIGHT


LIGHT WEIGHT LIGHT SHIP
DISPLACEMENT, LOADED

-
LIGHT SHIP DEADWEIGHT DOUBLE BOTTOM
INNER BOTTOM SHELL PLATING
,

13

DRAUGHT, DRAFT

3
1. EXTREME DRAFT
2. FORWARD DRAFT
3. (STERN) AFTER
DRAFT AFT DRAFT

- MEAN DRAFT
LOAD DRAFT
DRAFT MARKS


10 .
DUNNAGE

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14

E
ENDS

0.1L
ENTRANCE

PARALLEL MIDDLE BODY SLOPE


SECTIONAL AREA CURVE ( RUN) SECTIONAL
AREA CURVE
EVEN KEEL

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15

F
FATHOM

- 6 (1.8288 )

FENDER



-
FOREBODY


FLARE ()



FLOODABLE LENGTH (FL)


SAFETY OR MARGIN LINE

FL
1/4
FLOOR

- BILGE

1. WATERTIGHT FLOOR
TANK TOP
2. SOLID FLOOR
3.
4.



OPEN FLOOR TANK TOP
BRACKET FLOOR BRACKET VERTICAL KEEL
BILGE

16

FORE

,
FORE SHEER (SF)


FORECASTLE (FOCSLE)

UPPER DECK
FOREPEAK

COLLISION BHD

FORWARD PERPENDICULAR (FP)

(LOAD LINE)

FRAME



FRAME SPACE

CLASS
FREEBOARD

FREEBOARD DECK
FREEING PORT

BULWARK
230 .

17

FROUDE NUMBER (Fn)


WILLIAM FROUDE
FROUDE NUMBER

(Fn)

Fn = v/SQRT(gL)
Fn : FROUDE NUMBER
v : , m/s
g : ACCELERATION DUE TO GRAVITY, m/s2
L : , m

FUNNEL, SMOKESTACK

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18

G
GANGWAY

-
GARBOARD STRAKE

GIRDER

-
GIRDER, DECK

DECK GIRDER
(DECK BEAM) (PILLAR) GIRDER
DECK GIRDER HATCH END

GIRTH

GIRTH LENGTH

(TRANSVERSE SECTION)
(GUNNEL = GUNWALE)

GRAIN CUBIC


GRAVING DOCK

-
DRYDOCK
--

(KEEL BLOCKS)
(SIDE
SHORES)

19

GROSS TONNAGE (GT)

- (OFFICIAL)

100 .. (2.83 ..) 1

.. 1969
INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION ON TONNAGE MEASUREMENT OF
SHIPS, 1969 GT
(ENCLOSED SPACES) GT

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20

H
HATCH (HATCHWAY)

-
HEEL

(INCLINATION, LIST)

HOLDS

,
HULL

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21

I
INTERCOSTAL

INTERCOSTAL FLOOR FLOOR


SIDE GIRDER SIDE GIRDER
FLOOR

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22

J
K
KEEL

-
(FLOORS OR BOTTOM TRANSVERSES)

KNOT

, (1 = 1,852 )
KNUCKLE LINE

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23

L
LENGTH, OVERALL


LENGTH BETWEEN PERPENDICULARS

,
(SUMMER LOAD WATERLINE)
(RUDDER POST OR STERNPOST)
(CENTERLINE OF THE RUDDER STOCK)
LIST

, CENTERLINE PLANE
(HEEL)
LOAD WATERLINE

LONGITUDINALS

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24

M
MANHOLE


MARITIME INDUSTRY

()

-
-
-
METACENTER (M)

CENTER OF BUOYANCY CENTERLINE PLANE


7 M
CENTERLINE PLANE
M (LONGITUDINAL) (TRANSVERSE)
METACENTRIC HEIGHT

METACENTER (M) CG ( G) GM
G M (STABLE)

G M (UNSTABLE)

METACENTRIC RADIUS (BM)

CENTER OF BUOYANCY (B) M


MIDSHIP

, AMIDSHIPS

25

MIDSHIP SECTION


(SCANTLINGS)
MILE, NAUTICAL

NAUTICAL MILE - INTERNATIONAL


NAUTICAL MILE
1 INTERNATIONAL NAUTICAL MILE = 1,852 m (6,076.1 )

,
1 6080
1 (Minute)

= 40,029/ /2

= 6080 x 60 x 360 / 3.28084 / 1000 = 40,029

= 6,371

MOLDED LINES

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26

N
NAVAL POWER


NET TONNAGE (NT)

- INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION ON
TONNAGE MEASUREMENT OF SHIPS, 1969. NET
TONNAGE ,
, GT

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

27

O
OFFSETS

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28

P
PARARELL MIDDLE BODY

(AMIDSHIPS) SECTIONAL AREA


PILLAR

DECK GIRDER DECK BEAM


STANCHION
PLATFORM

LOWER DECK

POOP

(UPPER DECK) SUPPERSTRUCTURE

PORT SIDE

STARBOARD SIDE

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

29

Q
QUARTERS

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

30

R
RAKE

- ,

REEFER

REFRIGERATOR

REFRIGERATED

RIDER PLATE

GIRDER
RISE OF FLOOR

DEADRISE
ROUND OF BEAM

CAMBER
RUDDER

-
RUDDER POST, STERNPOST

STERN FRAME
RUDDER STOCK


STEERING ENGINE

31

RUDDER STOP

() -
35
RUDDER STOP 37
RUN

PARALLEL MIDDLE BODY SLOPE


SECTIONAL AREA CURVE ( ENTRANCE)

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

32

S
SAGGING

(),

SCANTLINGS

FRAMES, GIRDERS, PLATING

SCANTLINGS DRAFT


SCUPPERS

SCUTTLE

SEA CHEST


STRAINER PLATE
(COOLING),

SEA POWER

-

(MARITIME INDUSTRY + NAVAL POWER)
SHAFT TUNNEL, SHAFT ALLEY

33

SHEER

VERTICAL PLANE

SHEER
SHEER STRAKE

MAIN STRENGTH DECK


SHEER
STRINGER PLATE ( DECK STRINGER)
SHIP GIRDER SHEER STRAKE

SHELL EXPANSION

(SEAMS AND BUTTS)



SHELL PLATING


SHELTER DECK

- GROSS
TONNAGE (GT)
GT
GT
SHELTER DECK GT
SHELTER DECK FREEBOARD DECK
SHELTER DECK WEATHERTIGHT
SHELTER DECK
TONNAGE OPENING

34

SKEG

SKYLIGHT

SLAMMING

SOUNDING TUBE


,
STABILITY

-


STACK

- (UPTAKE)


(AIR SPACE) RADIATION

(DRAFT)
(ELLIPSE)
FUNNEL, SMOKE PIPE
SMOKESTACK

35

STANCHION

- ,
PILLAR
STANCHION, RAIL
RAIL STANCHION -

STARBOARD SIDE

, PORT SIDE
STEERING GEAR

- , ,

STEM

STERN

STERN FRAME

STERN TUBE

(TAILSHAFT)
STIFFENER

T

STOWAGE FACTOR

36

STRAKE

,
STRENGTH DECK

-
(LONGITUDINAL
BENDING)
STRINGER

GIRDER (FORE-AND-AFT)

STRINGER PLATE

- DECK
STRINGER

STRUT

(V)
SUPPERSTRUCTURES

FREEBOARD DECK

(SIDE WALL) 0.04B
SUPPERSTRUCTURE

SWASH BULKHEAD

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

37

T
TAILSHAFT


TANK, SETTING

.. -

TANK, TRIMMING


TANK TOP

- (DOUBLE BOTTOM)
INNER BOTTOM

TEMPLATE

()

TENDER

1) , METACENTRIC HIGH (GM)


STIFF
2)
THRUST RECESS

(SHAFT
TUNNEL) THRUST SHAFT THRUST BEARING
TONNAGE MARK

-

380 . 25 . 300 .

38

TOPSIDE TANK

- WEATHER DECK
BULK CARRIER GM
GM
(PROPPELLER RACING)
TRAMP SHIP

TRANSOM

TRANSOM BEAM

CANT BEAM
TRANSOM FRAME

CANT BEAM
TRANSVERSE

(DEEP) ,
-
TRIM

(TRIM
BY THE HEAD)
(TRIM BY THE STERN)
, ,
-
TRIPPING BRACKET

DECK GIRDERS, STIFFENNERS


BEAMS (FLANGES)

39

TRUNK

TUMBLE HOME



TWEEN DECK

- BETWEEN DECK

TWIST LOCK

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40

U
UPTAKE

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

41

V
VANG


GUY ()
VENTILATOR, COWL


VLCC TANKER

150,000 DWT VERY LARGE


CRUDE OIL CARRIER TANKER.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

42

W
WATER BALLAST

,
DEEP TANK
,
WATERLINE

, HORIZONTAL PLANE
WATERWAY

-
WEATHER DECK

-
WEB FRAME


WEB PLATE RIDER PLATE 4, 5 6

WELL


BILGE WELL, DRAINAGE WELL POCKET WELL
WINCH


WINDLASS

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43

X
Y
Z
-

The End
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44

REFERENCES
1) Robert Taggart, Ship Design and Construction, 1980, The Society of Naval
Architects and Marine Engineers.
2) RENE de KERCHOVE, International Maritime Dictionary, Second Edition,
1961, D. Van Nostrand Company, Inc. New York.
3) Nippon Kaiji Kyokai, Outline of Ships Hull Part, May 2001.