PLUMBING SYSTEM

I. ESSENTIAL PARTS OF PLUBMING SYSTEM (SANITARY DRAINAGE) 1. HOUSE SEWER OR BUILDING SEWER - That horizontal run of pipe, starting from 5’ outside the building which receives the sewage from the house drain or building and conveys the same to the sewer main or approved point of disposal.. 2. HOUSE DRAIN OR BUILDING DRAIN -The lowest horizontal run of pipe inside the building which receives the discharge from fixtures and other branches and conveys the same to the house or building sewer. 3. PRIMARY BRANCH -The Primary Brach of a building drain is the single sloping drain from the base of a stack up to its junction with the main building drain or with other branches. The primary branch is also called a Lateral. 4. SECONDARY BRANCH -That horizontal run of pipe emanating from a fixture or group of fixtures up to its junction with the primary branch. 5.HORIZONTAL BRANCH -That t horizontal run of pipe, which receives the distance from fixture and convey the same to the stack. 6. BRANCH INTERVAL -That length of pipe of a stack no less than eight feet which receives the discharge from the horizontal branch. 7. SOILSTACK -The vertical run of pipe, which receives discharge from fixture without fecal matter.

LATERAL . which receives discharge from fixtures without fecal matter. 9. DEFINITION OF PLUMBING TERMS ALLEY . public park moroughiare less than three (3) meters but not less than two (2) meters in width which has been dedicated or deeded . In sewerage – a common sewer to which no other common sewer is tributary. WASTE STACK -That vertical matter run of pipe.8. It receives sewage only from building sewer. ( See definition of terms).a secondary pipe line.In lateral plumbing . 10. 11. FIXTURE DRAIN -The drain from the trap of the fixture to the junction of the fixture to the drain of the pipe.Waste water pipe from fixtures or appliances which is allowed to discharge into a properly vented fixture and with no direct connection with the drainage system. SPECIAL WASTE OR INDIRECTT WASTE PIPE .Alley is any public space.

ALTER OR ALTERATION .A. .to the public for public use. BATTERY OF . AUTHORITY . Sanitary Engineering) – Plans and specs.A faucet opened or closed by the fall or rise of a ball floating on the surface of water. board. or accepted as suitable for the proposed use under procedures and powers at the authority.Authority in this Code is mean to be the individual official. This is sometimes called an individual vent. BALL JOINT .A float valve with a spherical float.the part of a vent line which connects directly with an individual trap underneath or behind the fixture and extends to the branch or main. soil.A connection in which a ball is held in a cuplike shell that allows movement in every direction.Approved means accepted or acceptable under an applicable specification stated or cited in this Code. or waste pipe at any point higher than the fixture or fixture trap it serves. . Back siphonage is one type of backflow. department or agency established an authorized by the office of the President (R. APPROVED . 1378) to administer and enforce the provisions of this National Plumbing Code as adapted or amended. BALL COCK . (Prof. (Master Plumber) . addition or modification in construction or occupancy. BAK PRESSURE BACK VENT PIPE .Alter or alteration is any change. (Change or repair).Install BACKFLOW .Air pressure in drainage pipes greater than atmospheric pressure. No.The flow of water into a water supply system from source other than its regular source.

FIXTURES .Building is any structure built.Synonymous with faucet is preferred. riser or stack.A branch is any part of a piping system other than the main. There is no opening for the passage of water. shelter. BRANCH VENT stack. Faucet or Spigot.Battery of fixtures is any of two or more similar adjacent fixtures which discharge into a common horizontal soil branch.A flange that is not drilled. (Used for black iron pipes). BELL OR HUB . . specially the genitals.A plumbing fixture used for washing the middle part of the body. enclosure or support of persons. within which the horizontal branches from one floor or story of a building are connected to the stack. .A flange that closes the end of a pipe.A length of soil or waste stack corresponding in general to a story height. . but . Also a sitz bath (Used to wash posterior parts of the body).A tool used for straightening or expanding lead pipe.For installation & excavation respectively. BRANCH MWSS / OPWH . BRANCH INTERVAL . BLOW OFF . animals. BENDING PIN (OR IRON) BIBB BIDET . is sufficiently enlarged to Received the end of another pipe of the same diameter for the purpose of making a joint.A vent pipe connecting from a branch of the drainage system to a vent . BUILDING . .A controlled outlet on a pipe line used too discharge water or detritus.Installation of national local water works. erected and framed of component structural parts designed for the housing. . or property of any kind. (In Sanitary house trap). .in no case less than eight (8) feet.That portion of a pipe which for a short distance. BLANK FLANGE BLIND FLANGE .

-That portion of a drainage system which cannot drain by gravity into the building sewer.L. ( Any piping system which needed to be elevated from basement to the N.A group vent extending from in front of the last fixture connection on a horizontal branch to the vent stack. CATCH BASIN .(Prevents reverse flow) CIRCUIT VENT . Branch vent) .See House Sewer.Plugging an opening with oakum. the material that is pounded into the opening.A pit for the reception or detention of sewage. Also.G. . See also loop vent.) CALKING .A receptacle in which liquids are retained for a sufficient period to deposit settle able material CESSPOOL .A fitting into which the end of a pipe is screwed for the purpose of closing the end of the pipe. lead or other materials that are pounded into place.BUILDING DRAIN BUILDING SEWER BUILDING SUBDRAIN . CHECK VALVE .See house Drain. (Loop vent. CAP .A valve that automatically closes to prevent the flow of water in reverse direction.

DEVELOPMENT LENGTH -The length along the center line of the pipe and the fittings. thus permitting the stagnation of water or air therein. All other courts are outer courts. CROSS CONNECTION . OR DOWNSPOUT .See unit vent and dual vent CONDUCTOR. An inner court is a court entirely within the exterior walls of a building. to which the vent connects..A court is an open .COMMON VENT .A stop valve placed in a service pipe close to its connection with a water main.A continuous vent is a vertical vent that is a continuation of the drain. CONTINUOUS VENT .Any physical connection or arrangement of pipes between two otherwise separate building water-supply pipes or a system through which or by means of which water supply may flow from one system to the other. the direction of flow depending on the pressure differential between the two systems. COURT .A vertical pipe to convey rain water. (Water hammer arrester or air gap or air chamber). . DEAD END -The extended portion of a pipe that is closed at one end to which no connections are made on the extended portion. LEADER. (or VSTR) CORPORATION COCK . unoccupied space bounded on two (2) or more sides by the walls of the buildings.

The drainage pipes must be gas-light. . . surface water.See sanitary sewage.The term “existing work” shall apply to those portions of plumbing system Which have been installed and approved prior to the contemplated additions.D. FERRULE . joined to an opening in a pipe.A metallic sleeve. whether related to each other by birth or not. called or otherwise.A vent that does not carry water or water.borne wastes. into which a plug is screwed that can be removed for the purpose of cleaning or . .A valve on a water pipe by means of which water can be drawn from or held within the pipe.A pipe fitting shaped like the letter “S”.A sewer or other pipe or conduit used for conveying ground water. DRY VENT DUAL VENT EXISTING WORK .DIAMETER . The passage of air. and water-light. storm water.D. . collections. The valve is placed on the end of the pipe. odors or vitamin from the sewer into the building must be prevented.Two offsets in succession or in series in the same line. FAUCET .Family is one person living alone or a group of two (2) or more persons living together. FAMILY . DRAINAGE SYSTEM -The drainage pipes of a plumbing system take the water from the plumbing fixtures and deliver it to the sewer or some other outlet. or sewage. .) of tubing. except brass and copper tubing wherein the term shall mean the outside diameter (O. or corrections.“Diameter” of a pipe or tube shall mean the nominal internal diameter (I.) of such pipe.The vertical portion of a rainwater conductor.See unit vent. DOMESTIC SEWAGE DOUBLE-BEND FITTING DOUBLE OFFSET DOWNSPOUT DRAIN . .

The opening in the valve is usually as large as the full bore of the pipe. FLOOD LEVEL .A valve used for flushing a fixture by using water directly from the water supply pipes or in connection with a special flush tank. exclusive of vent shafts and courts. FLOOR AREA . FIXTURE . GATE VALVE . FLASHING .The drain from the trap of a fixture to the junction of the drain with any other drain pipe.One fixture unit is equivalent to a flow rate of one (1) cubic foot of water per minute or seven and a half (71/2) gallons of water per minute. at right angles to the direction of flow.The supply pipe between the fixture and the water distributing pipe. FIXTURE UNIT .The area included within surrounding walls of a building (or portion thereof). .A valve in which the flow of water is cut off by means of a circular disk that fits against the valve seat. GLOBE VALVE . fitting against machine-smoothed faces. FLUSH VALVE . The plane of movement of the disk is parallel to the normal direction of flow of water.A receptacle attached to a plumbing system other than a trap in which water or wastes may be collected or retained for ultimate discharge into the plumbing system.examining the interior of the pipe. The disk is raised or lowered by means of a threaded stem connected to the handle of the valve.A valve in which the flow of water is cut off by means of a circular disk. FIXTURE BRANCH FIXTURE DRAIN .The level in a fixture at which water begins to overflow the top or rim of the fixture. which is turned through a tortuous passage .A piece of sheet metal fitted under another piece of flat metal or wood over which water is expected to run.

A house storm sewer is the pipeline from the building to the public storm sewer system. It is commonly used as a faucet for a pantry sink. GROUND WATER GROUP VENT . and other drainage pipes inside of a buildings conveys it to the house sewer. Also.A branch vent that performs its function for two (2) or more traps.The vertical distance from the “Grade Line” to the highest point of the coping of a flat roof or to the deck line of a mansard roof or to the average height of the highest gab le of a pitch or hip-roof. waste.The slope or fall of a line of pipe in reference to a horizontal plane usually expressed in percent. that receives the discharge from one or more fixture drains and conducts it to the soil or waste stack or to the building drain. INDIRECT WASTE PIPE .The water that is standing in or passing through the ground. HEIGHT OF BUILDING .to direct the flow normal to the face of the disk. GRADE . HOUSE DRAIN .A return bend of small-sized pipe one end of which is about one (1) foot long And the other end is about three (3) inches long. .The house drain is that part of the lowest horizontal piping of a plumbing system which receives the discharge from soil. HOUSE STORM SEWER .A waste pipe that does not connect directly with the building drainage system but discharges into is through a properly trapped fixture or receptacle. the lead connection between a service pipe and a water main. with or without vertical sections or branches.A branch drain extending laterally from soil or waste stack. . GOOSE NECK . HORIZONTAL BRANCH .

In average. or other materials into the drainage system to which it is directly or indirectly connected. . The base of the vertical portion of the vent may be connected to the . grease. Sometimes called a wash basin.See conductor. LAVATORY . a common sewer to which no other common sewer is tributary. a secondary pipe line.A continuation of a horizontal soil or waste pipe beyond the connection at which liquid wastes from a fixture or fixtures enter the waste or soil pipe. . . INSANITARY INTERCEPTOR . The trough extends under two (2) or more adjacent seats.Contrary to sanitary principles or injurious to health.See back vent. The extension is usually vertical immediately beyond its connection to the soil or waste pipe. LEACHING CESSPOOL – A cesspool that is not watertight. LOOP OR CIRCUIT VENT .The lowest portion of the inside of any pipe conduit that is not vertical. LEADER LENGTH OF PIPE LOCAL VENT .INDIVIDUAL VENT . .A pipe or shaft serving to convey foul air from a plumbing fixture or a room to the outer air.A water closet consisting of a continuous though containing water. INDUSTRIAL WASTES . receives sewage only from building sewers.A fixture designed for the washing of the hands or face.Industrial waste are liquid waste resulting from the processes employed in industrial establishments and are free from fecal matter.A receptacle designed and constructed to intercept or separate. and prevent the passage of oil.In plumbing. sand. LATRINE . INVERT LATERAL .The length as measured along. Prohibited by most authorities for permanent installations.

administrators. the plumbing system. OAKUM OCCUPANCY . MASTERPLUMBER . MAIN . liquids. its or their successor or assigns. his heirs. liquid. PLUMBING .e. to which branches may be connected.horizontal portion of the soil or waste stack between fixtures connected thereto. PLUMBING FIXTURE .See vent stack. executors.A receptacle attached to a plumbing system other than a trap in which water or wastes may be collected or retained for ultimate discharge into the plumbing .The main of any system of continuous piping is the principal artery of the system. and other carried-wastes affecting health and sanitation and hazardous to life and property. PITCH .The art and technique of installing in buildings the pipes.See grade. or the agent of any of the aforesaid.A natural person.An opening constructed in a sewer or any part of a plumbing system of sufficient size for a . PERSON .A person with knowledge of and experience in plumbing who employs journeymen plumbers or who conducts a plumbing business. also the pipes and fixtures after they have been installed. . . fixtures. The term shall also include the building or room housing such use. i. Change of Occupancy is not intended to include change of tenants or proprietors.an to gain access thereto.Occupancy is the purpose for which a building is used or intended to be used. substances or ingredients and removing them and such water. and other apparatuses for bringing in the water supply.Hemp or old hemp rope soaked in oil to make it waterproof. MAIN VENT MANHOLE .

The authority or the officer charged with the administration and enforcement of the National Plumbing Code. and vent pipes.The plumbing system of a building. substances and or ingredients distributing pipes.system. the fixtures and fixture traps. the house drain. the stormwater drainage. PLUMBING OFFICIAL . . a factory.Potable water is water which is satisfactory for drinking. PLUMBING SYSTEM . and those pipes removing them and such water.A primary branch of the building drain is the single sloping drain from the base of a stack to its junction with the main building drain or with another branch thereof. PRIVY PRIVY VAULT PUBLIC OR PUBLIC USE . waste. or an industry. PRIVATE OR PRIVATE USE . culinary.A private sewer is a sewer privately owned and not directly controlled by public authority.In the classification of plumbing fixtures.An outhouse or structure used for the deposition of excrement. the foundation drain. the soil. and connections within or on a building.Private applies to fixtures in a residence where the fixtures are intended for the use of a family or an individual. liquids.A pit beneath a privy in which excrement collects. drainage ejectors. all with their devices. domestic purposes and meets the requirements of the health authority having jurisdiction. factory or industrial establishment. PRIMARY BRANCH . and other carried-wastes. . liquid. and the house sewer.. includes the water-supply. institution. or his regularly authorized deputy. public applies to fixtures in general . PRIVATE SEWER . appurtenances. POTABLE WATER .

A relief vent is a vent the primary function of which is to provide circulation of air between drainage and vent system. railroad stations..An open return bend. public buildings.The installation of all pipes in the plumbing system that are in partitions and under floors. and other installations (whether pay or free) where a number of fixtures are installed so that their use is similarly unrestricted.See back vent pipe. RELIEF VENT . or finishing.A water supply pipe that extends vertically one full story or more too convey water to branches or fixtures.A sewer intended to receive sanitary sewage with or without industrial wastes . It includes the plumbing work done before the setting of the fixtures.The reconstruction or renewal of any part of an existing building for the purpose of its maintenance. SANITARY SEWER . RETURN BEND . ROUGHING-IN . but applied also to a one hundred eighty (180 degree) bend in a pipe. SANITARY SEWAGE . hotels. PUBLIC SEWER authority to . usually with inside threads.The sewage containing human excrement and liquid household waste. . REPAIR . also called domestic sewage. bars. The word “repair” or “repairs” shall not apply to any change of construction.toilet rooms of schools. or places to which the public is invited or which are frequented by the public without special permission or special invitation. gymnasiums. public comforts stations. REVENT PIPE RISER .A public sewer is a common sewer directly controlled by public which all abutters have equal rights of connections.

surface.and without the admixture of surface water. . . treatment and final disposition of sewage.A vertical opening through a building for elevators.A comprehensive term. and with such ground. the water in the trap between the dip and the crown weir. or drainage.As used in this Code. . and storm water as may be present. and allow the effluent to discharge into a storm drain. dumb-waiter.A septic tank is a watertight receptacle.The pipe from the water main or source of water supply to the building served. Also. or directly to the ground outside the tank through a system of open joint or perforated piping. which receives the discharge of a plumbing system or part thereof. SIPHONAGE. OR SEWERAGE WORKS . . used in plumbing to convey fecal matter or liquid wastes. with bell and spigot ends.The vertical distance between the dip and the crown weir of a trap. SHAFT . SECONDARY BRANCH . ventilation or similar purpose. business buildings.A wye connection used on fire lines so that two lines of hose may be connected to hydrant or to the same nozzle. storm water. transportation. SEPTIC TANK . A pressure less than atmospheric. . SERVICE PIPE SEWAGE . SHALL SIAMESE CONNECTION . including all construction for collection. urinals. industrial establishments.The liquid wastes conducted away from residences. SEWER SEWERAGE. SOIL PIPE . Also. or fixtures having similar functions.A suction by the flow of liquids in pipes.A soil pipe is any pipe which conveys the discharge of water closets. a cast-iron pipe. and is designed and constructed so as to separate solids from the liquid digest the organic matter through a period of detention.And branch in a building drain other than the primary branch.A pipe or conduit for carrying sewage and waste liquids. SEAL . is mandatory. pumping. institutions.

frequently under pressure.SOIL STACK PIPE SPIGOT with .A pit or receptacle at a low point to which the liquid wastes are drained.The end of a pipe. or structural members. waste. Also a word used synonymously faucet. . SWIMMING POOL . . which runs off over the surface after the storm and for such a short period following a storm as the flow exceeds the normal runoff. . If the finished floor level directly above a basement or cellar is more than six (6) feet above grade such basement or cellar shall be considered a story. floors. .Supports.A vertical soil pipe conveying fecal matter and liquid waste. ceiling. cradles are devices for holding and securing pipes and fixtures to walls. which fits into a bell. except that the topmost story shall be that portion of a building of a building included between the upper surface of the topmost floor and the ceiling or roof above.A stack vent is the extension of a soil or waste stack above the highest horizontal drain connected to the stack.Storm water is that portion of the rainfall or other precipitation. STACK STACK VENT . STANDPIPE STORM WATER . hangers.A water receptacle used for swimming designed to accommodate more than one bather at time and properly connected to a disposal system.A general term used for any vertical line of soil.Surface water is that portion of a rainfall or other precipitation which runs off over the surface of the ground. SUMP SUPPORTS . STORY . SURFACE WATER .Subsoil drains are underground drain pipes that receives only sub-surface or seepage water and convey it to place of disposal. anchors. .Story is that portion of a building included between the upper surface of any floor and the upper surface of the floor next above. brackets. or vent piping.A vertical pipe usually used for the storage of water. SUBSOIL DRAIN .

Wet vent is that portion of a vent pipe through which liquid waste flow. other than a court. .A waste pipe is a pipe.An air pressure less than that atmospheric.See seal. except where specifically provide by this Code.An arrangement of venting so installed that one vent pipe will serve two (2) traps. on the lot on which a building is situated. unobstructed from the ground to the sky. TRAP SEAL UNIT VENT . . and some vermin through a pipe without materially affecting the flow of sewage or waste water through it. . VACUUM VENT .A yard is an open.TAPED TEE . gas. . TRAP . . which conveys only liquid waste.A pipe or opening used to ensuring the circulation of air in plumbing system and for reducing the pressure exerted on trap seals. free of fecal matter.A cast-iron bell-end tee with the branch tapped to receive a threaded pipe of fitting . WET VENT WASTE PIPE YARD . unoccupied space. siphonage.A fitting or device so constructed as to prevent the passage of air. Also.