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Lesson Plan in Biology I. Objective At the end of the 45 minute period, each student: a.

Determine the different components of blood. b. Locate the different compositions of blood. c. Tell the importance of blood in the body. Subject Matter Topic: The Human Blood Reference: Principles of Anatomy and Physiology 11 th Edition; Copyright 2007; Derrickson and Tortora. Pages: 666-690. Materials: Projector, whiteboard, white board eraser, keynote presentation, Pentel pen, laptop, video clips, audio clips and printed puzzled pictures, books, speakers, pen and paper, and calculator. Values: Cooperation and Self-discipline. Procedure Teachers Activity 1. Greetings Good morning Class How are you today? Very good! 2. Prayer One student will lead the class. 3. Review Last meeting, we have learned Yes Sir! all about the heart and its structures, right? Now, let me see how far have you learned from our lesson. I will be showing you a whole picture of a heart and each of you will stand and point out the Let us pray, in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit. Good morning Sir Remegel! We are fine. Thank you Sir! Students Activity

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part that Im going to mention. Are you now ready class? Who will do the first one? We are ready sir! Me Sir!

Ok Miss/ Mr., where is superior The superior vena cava is located here vena cava is located? Sir. Very good! Who will volunteer for the next Me Sir! one? Ok Miss/Mr., where is inferior The inferior vena cava is located here vena cava is located? Sir. Very good. Let me call Ms./Mr. Kindly vein. locate the Yes Sir! pulmonary The pulmonary vein is located on this part.

Very good, Class you have got all the answers right. 4. Motivation

Class I have here a picture and I Yes Sir! want you to say something about it. Ok class, what can you say about the picture? Very good. What can say more about the The planet earth consists of water and planet Earth? land. Very good. \ The picture is our planet earth.

Ok class, I have here a second Me Sir! picture of the earth. What can you say about it? Ok Ms./Mr. Very good. What can you say more class? Very good. So class what can you say Me Sir! about those two pictures I have just given you or were being The land is so barren and dry. The earth has no water Sir.

flashed while aback? Let us see again (Two pictures will be projected).

Yes Ms./Mr. Ok Ms./Ms., excellent! Class, so we can conclude that water is so important. If there is no water here on earth, it will become somewhat dry, boring or infertile and eventually will die like what Ms./Mr. has said. 5. Lesson Proper Just like the earth, the earth can be compared into a human body and the blood can be compared to earths water. Like the earth that needs water, the human also needs blood to survive. Our topic for today is all about Blood. Is there anyone here who can define to me what is blood? Ok. Ms./Mr., can you define to me what is blood? Very good!

Blood is defined as a vital mixture of cells and liquid pumped by the heart through the arteries and veins. It reaches all of the cells in the body, bringing them oxygen and nutrients and taking away carbon dioxide (CO2) and other waste products.

Class we will be having a group activity, I would like you to count from 1 to 2. Please start from you Ms./Mr. The group 1 will stay here and the group 2 will stay there. Ok class, here is the instruction: Ill be showing you a picture of a human body that has parts where supposedly blood flows. You are going to name those parts where blood is passing through.

Here are the pictures:

Vein Artery

Red Blood Cells

Oxygen

Very good class, you have got the correct answers.

Kindly go back to your Yes Sir! respective areas and arrange your chairs silently. In addition, blood is a body tissue that is part liquid and part cells. Blood is highly specialized tissue composed of more than 4,000 different kinds of components. Class, how much do you think is Me Sir! the weighing percentage of blood in our whole body system? Yes Ms./Mr. Excellent Mr./Ms.! Normally, 7-8% of human body weight is from blood. In adults, this amounts to 4.5-6 quarts of blood. For you to better understand Yes Sir! and appreciate the volume of blood in your body I would like you to bring out a calculator or you may use your phone instead, and a piece of paper. Now, I would like you to write Yes Sir! down your current weight into the paper. Once written, multiply by 0.08 then get the result. The result reflects the volume of blood in your body. Got it Class? Excellent! The blood is not just a blood. It has a lot of components, different types of components in Yes Sir! Estimated 8% Sir.

particular. But just the main components will be mentioned. Components of Blood

1. Plasma

is a pale yellowish liquid that is about 92 percent water. The remaining eight percent is made up of a dissolved complex mixture of various substances. These substances are: Soluble or plasma proteins, such as serum albumin, serum globulin, fibrinogen, and prothrombin. Fibrinogen and prothrombin play an important

part in the clotting of blood. Also present are antibodies, which are involved in fighting diseases. Dissolved mineral salts, such as chlorides, bicarbonates, and sulfates and phosphates of sodium and potassium. All these occur as ions in the plasma. Food substances, such as glucose, amino acids, fats, and vitamins. For you to better understand how plasma is divided, I have here a glass tube filled with fluid illustrating plasma and its distribution. 2. Red Blood Cells/ RBC

What do you think is the function The red blood cell delivers oxygen from of red blood cells based on this the lungs and delivers it into the whole video? body.

Very good class. Red blood cells are called erythrocytes (erythro means red ; cytes means cells ). It is a circular, flattened, biconcave disc with the center of the cell thinner that its edge. It is elastic such that it can squeeze itself through capillaries smaller that itself in diameter. It picks up oxygen in the lungs and transports it throughout the body and gathers carbon dioxide back to the lungs where it is removed from the body.

3. White Blood Cells

Or called leukocytes (leuko means white) are colorless and do not contain hemoglobin. They are larger than RBC and fewer in number. It helps the body fight off germs and foreign bodies that enters the cells. They attack and destroy germs and foreign bodies when they enter the

body. 4. Platelets

Or called thrombocytes are not true cells but fragments of cytoplasm from certain bone marrow cells. These are fragments of red blood cells that play a part in the clotting of blood. It forms blood clot whenever a blood vessel is broken. Class, Ill be showing a series of pictures and tell me what kind of components of blood it is. Kindly raise your hand and Ill call your name. Class answers: Platelet

Class answers: White blood cell

Class answers: Red blood cell

Very good class. Do you have any questions regarding the components of blood? Ok, very good class. 5. Generalization Now that you have understood Me Sir! is anyone here who can state and define Blood? Yes Ms./Mr. Blood is part of the body. It is a liquid in form. It has red and white blood cells, and plasma as its components.

Very good. What do you call the fragments These are platelets Sir. of red blood cells that play a part in the clotting of blood? Thank you. You are correct! 6. Application Complete the puzzle. I will giving Yes Sir. the Blood puzzle and try to complete it in 1-minute time.

7. Assessment Now, class please get a sheet of paper and answer the following questions flashed on the screen. 1. What do you call a component of blood with a characteristics of circular, flattened, biconcave disc with the center of the cell thinner that its edge? a. Platelet b. Red blood cell c. White blood cell d. Heart 2. It is defined as a vital mixture of cells and liquid pumped by the heart through the arteries and veins? a. Blood b. Heart c. Plasma d. Earth 3. How much is the weighing percentage of blood in our whole body system? a. 10% b. 8-9 quartz c. 8-9 % d. 7-8 quartz 4. These are colorless & dont contain hemoglobin. a. White blood cells b. Red blood cells c. Hemoglobin d. Heart

5. It forms blood clot whenever a blood vessel is broken. a. Platelets b. White blood cells c. Red blood cells d. Plasma 6. Essay Is blood important in the body? Why or why not?

8. Assignment Read pages 698-702 of Principles of Anatomy and Physiology 11th Edition and prepare for a short quiz tomorrow.

Prepared by: Remegel R. Bristol