INSTITUCIÓN EDUCATIVA FULGENCIO LEQUERICA VELEZ

GUIA DE TRABAJO

AREA: INGLES GRADO: 10 PERIODO: 2 HORAS: 26 horas

PROPÓSITO DEL AREA: Formar estudiantes fulgencistas competentes en las cuatro habilidades básicas del idioma
Inglés (listening, speaking, writing & reading), para que interactúen en actos comunicativos de su entorno turístico.
AMBITO O PENSAMIENTO: Listening, writing, speaking, Reading.
Expresar de forma oral y escrita planes futuros y acciones del pasado en inglés.

ENSEÑANZA:

 Modal verbs. Present and past perfect.

Objetivos específicos (Indicadores de logros). Writing, Reading, writing and listening skill.

 Expresar habilidades, posibilidades, sugerencias entre otras en inglés.
 Expresar acciones en tiempo pasado.
INITIAL ACTIVITY

Watch the video and the site.

http://www.espressoenglish.net/difference-between-present-perfect-and-past-perfect-in-english/


DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITY
resent perfect
 An action that started in the past and continues to the present.
I have lived in this city for six months.
 An action that happened before now (unspecified time)
I have been to Japan twice.
How to form the present perfect:
HAVE / HAS + past participle
Examples of the present perfect:
 My mother has just gone to the store.
 Janet has lived abroad for five years.
 I haven’t seen the new movie yet.
 Have you finished your homework?
It’s very common to use the contractions ‘ve and ‘s in the present perfect:
 I’ve been to Japan three times.
 My mother’s just gone to the store.
 Janet’s lived abroad for five years.
Past perfect
 An action that happened before a time in the past
When I arrived at the office this morning, I discovered that I had left my computer on the night before.
How to form the past perfect:
HAD + past participle
Examples of the past perfect:
1. I went to Japan in 1988 and 1991.
2. I turned 10 years old in 1994.
I had been to Japan twice by the time I was 10 years old.
1. My husband ate breakfast at 6:00 AM
2. I woke up at 7:00 AM
When I woke up this morning
, my husband had already eaten breakfast.
It’s common to use the contraction ‘d in the past perfect:
 I’d traveled to five different countries by the time I was 20 years old.
- See more at: http://www.espressoenglish.net/difference-between-present-perfect-and-past-perfect-in-
english/#sthash.oM1h9cXW.dpuf

Modal Verbs
Here's a list of the modal verbs in English:
can could may might will
would must shall should ought to
Modals are different from normal verbs:

1: They don't use an 's' for the third person singular.
2: They make questions by inversion ('she can go' becomes 'can she go?').
3: They are followed directly by the infinitive of another verb (without 'to').
Probability:
First, they can be used when we want to say how sure we are that something happened / is happening / will happen. We
often call these 'modals of deduction' or 'speculation' or 'certainty' or 'probability'.

For example:
 It's snowing, so it must be very cold outside.
 I don't know where John is. He could have missed the train.
 This bill can't be right. £200 for two cups of coffee!
Ability
We use 'can' and 'could' to talk about a skill or ability.

For example:
 She can speak six languages.
 My grandfather could play golf very well.
 I can't drive.
Obligation and Advice
We can use verbs such as 'must' or 'should' to say when something is necessary or unnecessary, or to give advice.

For example:
 Children must do their homework.
 We have to wear a uniform at work.
 You should stop smoking.
Permission
We can use verbs such as 'can', 'could' and 'may' to ask for and give permission. We also use modal verbs to say
something is not allowed.

For example:
 Could I leave early today, please?
 You may not use the car tonight.
 Can we swim in the lake?
Habits
We can use 'will' and 'would' to talk about habits or things we usually do, or did in the past.

For example:
 When I lived in Italy, we would often eat in the restaurant next to my flat.
 John will always be late!


































ASSESSMENT ACTIVITY

EXERCISE 1
Present Perfect vs. Past Perfect Quiz
Question 1
When I opened the refrigerator, I discovered that someone ____________ the last piece of cake.

A . has eaten

B.had eaten
Question 2
She failed the test because she _____________.

A. hasn't studied

B.hadn't studied
Question 3
By the end of the night, John ___________ with everyone at the party.

A.has talked

B.had talked
Question 4
____________ Brazilian food until my trip to Rio last month.

A.I've never had

B.I'd never had
Question 5
They couldn't drive home because _____________ their keys in the car.

A.they've locked

B.they'd locked
Question 6
We ____________ the new English teacher yet.

A.haven't met

B.hadn't met
Question 7
Don't get the floor dirty - my mother _____________ the house.

A.has just cleaned

B.had just cleaned
Question 8
You're working late again?! ___________ overtime every day this week!

A.You've worked

B.You'd worked
Question 9
_____________ Brazilian food.

A.I've never had

B.I'd never had
Question 10
I had a great time on my date with Henry last week, but he ____________ me since.

A.hasn't called

B.hadn't called


EXERCISE 2
Choose the correct modal or modal form to fit the sentence.
Note: In some questions more than one of the answer choices may be heard in current English. The answer shown as
correct is the one that is expected in traditional grammar.
Q1. I didn’t feel very well yesterday. I ..... eat
anything.


cannot


couldn’t


mustn’t

Q2. You ..... look at me when I am talking to you.


could


should


would



Q3. I was using my pencil a minute ago. It ..... be
here somewhere!


can


could


must


would

Q4. You really ..... be late again.


must not


don’t have to be
Q5. If you don’t start working harder, you ..... repeat the
course next year.


have to


must


will have to
Q6. His parents spoil him. He’s always ..... to do
whatever he wants.


been able


been allowed
Q7. Phone her now.She ..... home
by now.


has to be


must be


would be

Q8. You ..... forget your sun cream. It’s going to be
very hot!


don’t have to


mustn’t


needn’t

Q9. I ..... be able to help you, but I’m not sure
yet.


might


would
Q10. Entrance to the museum was free.
We ..... pay to get in.


needn’t


didn’t need to

Q11. Already as a child Mozart ..... play the piano
beautifully.


could


should


would

Q12. Which sign are you more likely to see at an
airport: Bags ..... not be left unattended.


can


must


may
Q13. I really ..... try to get fit.


may


must


would

Q14. ..... take a photograph of you?


Am I allowed to


May I

Q15. Students ..... borrow up to 6 books at any
time.


are allowed to


could

Q16. Whose is this bag? - I don’t know, but
it ..... belong to Yuta.


could


may


should


would
Q17. ..... I go to the bathroom,
please?


May


Must


Would

Q18. His excuse ..... be true, but I don’t believe.


can


may

Q19. It’s very important to ..... speak more than one
language.


can


be able to

Q20. I don’t like ..... get up early on a Sunday.


being able to


being allowed to


having to
Q21. ..... you speak French? - Only a few words,
but my Russian is pretty good.


Can


Could
Q22. ..... you help me move this table? (Both
answers are possible. Choose the more polite
request.)


Can


Could

Q23. I ..... talk already before I was two years old.


could


should


would

Q24. I ..... help you, but I don’t want to.


can


could


would

Q25. ..... you open the window, please.


Can


May


EXERCISE 3



Complete the sentences below with the simple form of past perfect.
Example: He ____________ (leave) when I arrived.
He had left when I arrived.

1.
I thought I knew her. I thought I (see) her before.
2.
He (drive) only twice in his life before the accident.
3.
Bonny no longer had her car. She (sell) it.
4.
I saw Annabel last week. She (change) a lot.
5.
Terry wasn't at home He (just go) out.
6. I tried to find Mr Jones but he wasn't around. Then I found out he
(die).
7.
He didn't need to borrow the car because he (have)
his bike repaired.
8.
Jenny (just get) home when the phone rang.
9.
The new restaurant wasn't open any longer. It (close) down.
10.
He fed the cat because no-one (feed) it for days.


EXERCISE 4







































































































































































We use the past perfect when we are already
talking about the past and we ´go back´ to say
that something had happened before.

THE FORM
had / hadn’t + the past participle
I had done it.
She hadn’t done it.
Had they done it ?


USAGE
Study the examples :
She was afraid because she had never flown before.
He loved the house. He had lived there all his life.
After we had done our HW, we went to bed.
They had left before I could say anything.
She said she hadn’t written it .
Had you checked the mail before you sent it ?

Match the sentence halves using the past simple and past perfect . Use WHEN or AFTER.
e.g. After / when they had done their HW, they could play PC games.

They ate the dinner. She finally took the red one.
She felt much better. He finished eating.
Jack decided to have a rest. They did their homework.
They went to a pub to celebrate it. I lent it to Sophie.
The bank clerk called the police. Mandy could leave the hospital.
I finished reading the magazine. He painted the hall and the kitchen.
Lisa tried on five sweaters. Mark cleared the table.
Peter asked for a cup of coffee. Rita took a hot bath.
She completely recovered. They won the match.
They could play PC games. The robbers left.

Finish the sentences using the past perfect :
1. Sue didn’t pass the exams because…
2. When we got to the party…
3. Mark was broke because…
4. By the time Lara finally got up…
5. I didn’t want to see her because….
6. When I called for the job…
7. By the time the film finished…
8. Did you go home after …?
Answer the questions using the past perfect :
1. Why was she so excited ?
2. Why did he feel tired ?
3. Why was the fridge empty ?
4. Why were you sick ?
5. Why wasn’t she at the
party ?
6. What did he learn when
he called the office ?

Rewrite the sentences using the past simple and past perfect :
1.She soon (realize) that she (spend) all her money.
2.He (be) tired because he (not eat) anything since the morning.
3.When all the guests (leave) I (start) tidying.
4.As soon as Jack (eat) his ice-cream he (go) to buy another one.
5.The police never (find out) where he (hide) the money.
6.We (not recognize) her. She (cut) her hair.
7. She (be) very upset because he (not answer) her e-mails.