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17 Steering Gear

Which one these three rudders gives the best maneuverability, given they have the same size?
flap rudder


The water flow creates?

both vertical and side forces


What are the parameters most essential for the rudder torque?
rudder arrangement, size of the rudder and the vessels speed


What is the purpose of the safety valve?

to protect the actuator against too high oil pressure


How is the movement of the actuator created?

start at least one power unit and actuate the direction valve


What is the limit in size for tankers to use only one standard steering gear?
100 000 dwt


When shall both power units be in use?

when navigation demand special caution


One of the statements below is not correct, which one?

The ram type steering gears generally work with a lower oil pressure than a rotary vane


What is the main purpose of the housing, stoppers and cover?

making boundaries for the pressure chambers

10. What are the bearings made of?

11. What are the bearings lubricated with?
the system oil
12. How is the rotor fixed to the rudderstock?
by friction only
13. In case of any steering gear alarm occurs this can only be acknowledged from..?
the wheel house
14. Where is the remote rudder angle indicators most often located?
at the bridge
15. The steering mode, in which the rudder angle is pre-set manually and kept in position
automatically, is called?
follow up
16. According to the SOLAS rules the maximum rudder angle to Port and Starboard should be at

35 deg

17. According to the SOLAS rules the rudder angle velocity should be at least 35-0-30 degrees in
maximum 28 seconds for:
Regular ships, other requirements for special ships.
18. The steering gears maximum working torque is:
at least the torque necessary to turn the rudder to the maximum required angle at he vessels full
speed, according to the class rules
19. When is the steering gear ready for turning the rudder controlled from the wheel house?
steering controlled ready WH and run on at least one of the power units
20. What is the purpose of the acknowledge function:
tell the system that the alarm is registered
21. Case: one power unit is running and the other in stand by. Overload alarm occurs on the running
power unit. What will happen?
the stand by power unit will start automatically, and the one with the alarm stops
22. The vessel is offshore on steady course and an order to switch over to local steering is given. What
knowledge will you need in particular?
What you have learnt from the operating instructions and drilling the emergency procedures.
23. Which types of valves are actuated in case of local steering?
direction valves
24. Which one of the situations described below may cause the need for local steering?
bridge out of function
25. Heavy jobs on the steering gear should be done by:
a service engineer from the steering gear manufacturer
26. The actuator bearing should be checked
every 5 years, or after grounding
27. Which of the parts mentioned below are normally not exposed to wear or ageing?
cast iron sealing bars
28. Which of the factors do you believe will not affect the lifetime of brass bearings in the actuator?
safety valve pressure
29. Which of the statements below belongs to Porgrunns spare parts policy?
essential spare parts are to be kept on stock