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SPECIFICATION FOR FIRE ALARM SYSTEMS

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.....................................................................................................................................0 GENERAL....................................................TABLE OF CONTENTS 1................................................................................3 3.....................4 Heat Detectors........0 INSTRUCTION MANUALS.......................0 PRINCIPLES : A FIRE DETECTION AND ALARM SYSTEM SHALL............................................6 Repeater Panel (Remote Annunciators Panel).........................................................................................5 7..............................3 3..........4 4.....2 3.................................................3Response Indicator.............................................5 i ...................................................................................3 Hooters...............0 PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEM..1 Control Panel........4 6........................0 PURPOSE.........................................................................................................................2Photo-electric type Smoke Detector...................................................................2 3.0 INSTALLATION OF CABLES AND WIRING.................................................................................................................................................................................................................2 Loud Speakers........................5 Smoke Detector.....1 Conduits for Concealed Installation........................................................................1 3..........................1 3........................................................................4 5................................2 Manual Call Point................1Ionization type Smoke detector..................................................................3 3..............0 WORKMANSHIP.........................5.................................3 Cables and Accessories.............................................................................................................................2 3....................................................4 4........................5......................1 Audio Amplifier...............................4 5...5.........................................................................................4 4......1 3...................3 3............................................................................................4 4......................................................................................................................................................1 2.....................................

3. etc. in a room which is normally manned constantly but without access to the general public. battery discharge. battery charge failure.0 PURPOSE The purpose of the fire detection and alarm system is to detect any fire in any part of the premises to be protected at the earliest stage following the out break of fire and to sound audible alarm so that immediate action could be taken to save life and property. An alarm system shall be activated by automatic detection device or by manual operation of manual call points or the combination of both. if provided. 3. The room shall be equipped with public telephone with direct access to local call in order to call the fire departments in case of emergency. The equipment used shall be solid state using large scale integrated circuit (L S I).0 GENERAL The design.1 The system shall be equipped with self supervising circuits to supervise the failure and warn the operator of A. 3. b] transmit detected signals reliably to the intended control centre or subcentre. More than one type of detectors may be connected to any zone and the control panel shall be able to pin point the location of fire zone wise and warn the corresponding zones by issuing two tone audible alarms. Optical Smoke Detector.1. Thermal Detector.1. d] remain in.0 PRINCIPLES : A FIRE DETECTION AND ALARM SYSTEM SHALL a] detect any outbreak of fire quickly enough to fulfil its intended functions faithfully. silver plated plug-in printed cards to ensure reliable and stable operation. Light Emitting diodes (L E D). c] Relay the received fire signal into clear audible signal (alarm) indicating the location of the fire so that the life and property saving action could be taken immediately and fire fighting ancillary equipment could be brought to operation. The control panel shall be preferably located on ground floor. D. transmit the received signal to the alarm devices and despatch command signal to operate the automatic fire protection equipments.1 Control Panel The control panel shall be equipped with control and indicating equipments. e. C. manufacture and installation of Fire Alarm system shall conform to Indian Standards Institution Specification IS 2189 (1988). supply failure. The panel shall also be equipped with self supervision circuits. Smoke cum Thermal Detector. supply failure. The panel shall be enclosed in sheet steel cabinet of SWG 16 and shall be wall mounted or free standing type. open circuit and earth fault of detector cabling.sensitive to operation other than those intended to avoid irritating false alarm e] signal immediately and clearly any fault on the self supervised circuits which might otherwise jeopardise the correct performance of the system. Manually operated Call Box. C. Ionisation Smoke Detector.2 The control panel shall be fully compatible to receive any type of detectors i.CENTRAL FIRE ALARM SYSTEM 1. The 1 . Rate of rise of temperature Detector. receive signal from alarm sensing devices. relays and associated circuits necessary to provide power. 2. 3.

battery charger. The fire or fault lamp signal. O. A common electronic audible alarm shall give distinct tones for fire and fault conditions. The control panel shall be equipped with illuminated mimic diagram with zones and pin pointed location of fire and to have facility for public address as detailed in the bill of quantity.7 The supervision of fault and fire shall cover but not limited to the following conditions: a] Open circuit in detector wiring b] Short circuit in detector wiring c] Exciter lamp open circuit in detector for optical smoke detector d] Normal conditions e] Fire condition f] A. The scope of the system shall be to issue audio-visual fire alarm to the entire premises should the temperature and smoke density of any area exceeds the settings of the respective detector.1. contacts and 2 pairs of N.2 Manual Call Point Manual Call Box shall be fabricated out of SWG 16 sheet steel box mounted at a convenient height of 137 cm above the finished floor surface.1.control panel shall also be equipped with facility for voice communication for issuing necessary commands or instructions. fault and fire indicating lamps.1. indicating that the fire alarm has been transmitted to the control panel. 3. shall continue to glow until the fault condition has been corrected or fire extinguished.. 3.4 The test push buttons shall be provided to test the indicating lamps and electronic circuits in each zone. mains failure g] Battery low and disconnect warning 3. supervisory circuits for various faults.5 Separate lamps shall be provided for fault and fire indications and each shall be provided with two lamps connected in parallel to ensure indication against lamp failure. C. to ensure that no alarm is inadvertently switched off. C. a pair of chain and hammer for breaking the front plate glass in case of fire. C. All audible alarm either for fault or fire shall have push button cancellation system with reset feature. 3. C. alarm cancellation push button for fault and fire for each zone.6 The panel shall be equipped with AC mains power module. however. 3. 230 volt  10 % and operate on 24-35 D. i. The alarm for the fault condition shall be distinct from that of the fire alarm.e. Subsequent upon breaking of glass the depressed push button will be released thus by transmitting the fire signal to the control panel. The location of the manual call boxes shall be located at places which are easily accessible by the general public.3 The system shall be suitable for input supply of A. supply. contacts ) for damper actuation etc. The system shall be equipped with fire and fault test control for each zone and shall be equipped with separate alarm acknowledgement point in each zone.1. The control panel shall be of modular design so that additional modules could be added to extend the scope of fire alarm in view of the future extension of the premises. 3. rechargeable sealed type Nickel Cadmium Battery of appropriate capacity. 2 .1. zone test push button. The panel shall also be equipped with four pairs of contacts (2 pairs of N. near the outlet passage etc. A lamp provided in the push button shall flash. The call box shall consist of glow push button in depressed position by the front glass.

The hooter shall be wall mounting type with red painting to be operated with 24-30 volt DC supply.3 Hooters The hooters shall be electronic tone of standard make.5 24 volt DC : 45 a ( average ) : 70 ma ( max. ) : 70 m amp ( max. shall be complete with response indicator facility and shall be 2 wire system working on DC low voltage system. The technical data of the heat detectors shall be as follows: a] b] c] Voltage rating Circuit current on supervisory condition Circuit current on alarm condition d] C e] f] Ambient temperature : Response indicator : Facility for monitoring detector removal / pilferage : g] Maintenance : h] Functional test intervals 3.4 Heat Detectors The heat detectors shall work on dual principal of rate of rise and fixed temperature. The detector cover shall be easily removable and replaceable field cleaning of insect screen.3.1 Ionization type Smoke detector The detector shall detects visible and invisible combustible particles generated by fire by means of dual chamber detector with Americium 241 radioactive material. the audible range of which shall be around 30 mt with 100 db sound level with flashing LED indication. 3. ) : -20o C to 60o C Compatible Buzzer alarm Periodical field maintenance : At regular interval 3 .5. 3.) : -20o C to +60 o Compatible Buzzer sound Periodically : At regular Smoke Detector The smoke detector shall be 2 wire type operable with 24 volt DC supply provided with built in test switch. The visible LED shall blink in stand-by condition and glow continuously in alarm condition. The detector shall have the following technical properties : a] b] c] d] e] Radioactive source : Radioactive strength : Rated Voltage : Stand-by current consumption Alarm condition current consumption f] f] g] Ambient temperature Response Indicator : Detector monitoring against removal or pilferage : Maintenance : Functional test h] i] Americium 241 1 Curie 24 volt DC : 100  amp ( max. It shall be capable of being looped with smoke detector and manual call point.

4. shafts. cables and accessories as detailed in the bill of quantities. The auxiliary panel unit shall have provision of DC supply battery back-up and battery charging unit. ) : 70 m amp ( max. The amplifier shall be protected against wrong polarity battery connection. The main supply to the amplifier shall be rated at 230 volt 50 Hz AC to supply the battery charging unit. if the latter is installed in some concealed place e.1 Audio Amplifier The power output of the amplifier shall be minimum 100 watts to be operated from 24 volt DC supply.0 PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEM The public address system shall consist of one amplifier and light speakers.3 24 volt DC Infra-red LED : 100  amp ( max.3. ) : -20o C to 60o C Compatible Buzzer alarm Periodical field maintenance : At regular interval Response Indicator A response indicator shall be used in parallel with the smoke detector to indicate the fire condition in place of smoke detector.5. It shall be equipped with two audio signal inlets for connecting announcing microphone and audio signal from the music player. 4. It shall be compatible with the detectors being used and shall be equipped with two nos.5. tunnel. of LED for visual indication. The amplifier shall be provided with one additional out put socket for connecting booster amplifier. The visual warning shall be indicated by filament lamps.g. guest room in a hotel etc. 3. The auxiliary panel shall be wall mounting type with audio alarm of 95 dB minimum by 6 watt speaker. This unit shall be compatible with the main fire alarm and indicating panel.6 Repeater Panel (Remote Annunciators Panel) This is an auxiliary unit of fire alarm control and indicating panel to be located in secondary place as indicated in the drawing to help in careful fire management by surveillance at multiple points.2 Photo-electric type Smoke Detector The detector which shall operate on the principle of light scattering shall have following technical properties : a] b] c] d] Rated voltage : Light Source : Stand-by current consumption Alarm condition current consumption e] f] g] Ambient temperature Response Indicator : Detector monitoring against removal or pilferage : Maintenance : Functional test h] i] 3. The out put of the amplifier shall be provided with bass and treble tone controls in addition to the volume control. 4 . false ceiling/floor. Fire in any zone is to be indicated by respective flashing window with a common audible alarm. The amplifier shall be equipped with VU meter for monitoring output level.

5. rigid PVC conduit or semi-flexible PVC conduit. The general look of the installation shall match with decor of the building.0 INSTALLATION OF CABLES AND WIRING The cables used for fire alarm system and PA system shall be copper conductor PVC insulated and shall be protected with proper protection in the form of metallic conduit. mm cross sectional area. The layout of the conduits shall be as per the approved drawing.1988 and as per consultant's instructions.2 Loud Speakers The individual speakers shall be rated at 10 watts each. Wherever necessary chase shall be cut to sufficient depth to allow full thickness of plaster over the chased groove . The location and number of speakers to be provided shall be as detailed in the drawing and bill of quantity. 6.1 Conduits for Concealed Installation All the dimensions mentioned in the drawing are the external dimensions of the conduit of medium density.0 WORKMANSHIP All the installation workmanship shall conform to IS : 2189 .0 sq. The internal cross section of the conduit shall be such that the sum total cross sectional area of the cables shall not exceed 60 % the cross sectional area of the conduit. The special attention to be paid during erection that the other works and installation should not effect the performance of the fire alarm system. 4. All other accessories required to complete the installation of PA system shall be covered by the rate quoted for the PA system. 7. Vertical drop shall be buried in the walls and column shall be avoided as far as possible. The size of the conductor used shall not be less than 1. After the installation of the required no of conduits for accommodating cables the chased groove shall be filled with the cement plaster so as to conform with the finished surface.3 Cables and Accessories In addition to the required lengths of cables of various sizes a minimum of 5 % extra length of each size shall be provided. If armoured cables are used they shall conform to IS : 1554-1976 (Part 1) and their use shall be exclusively for the fire alarm system only. All the cables and wires shall be properly tagged for future identification. The dimension of the conduit shall be sufficient for drawing of the cables and wires effortlessly.0 INSTRUCTION MANUALS 5 . The conduits shall be laid before casting in the upper portion of the slab or otherwise as may be instructed in accordance with the approved drawings so as to conceal the entire run of conduit and ceiling boxes. 5. The installation of the speaker shall be in such a way as to be least conspicuous yet audible for large floor area evenly.4. The conduit used for the fire alarm system shall not share with the cables used for other purpose.

allied literature. and instruction manuals. etc. zones. The submitted drawing shall contain the detailed position of the various equipments including the routes. Prior to the handing-over of the completed system individual items shall be tested in the presence of the client or his representative. 6 .On completion of the installation the contractor shall submit to the client the complete set of drawings.