VERIFICATION OF CURRENT TRANSFORMERS FOR TRANSFORMER DIFFERENTIAL PROTECTION APPLICATIONS

TRANSFORMER GENERAL DATA:
KVA: 30000 Rated Power
Z%: 10 Impedance in %
Vp (V): 34500 Primary Voltage in Volts
Vs (V): 6300 Secondary Voltage in Volts
Tap min (%): -5 Minimum Tap in %
Tap max (%): 5 Maximum Tap in %

TRANSFORMER PRIMARY SIDE:
CTp Ratio: 600 5 CT Primary Amps / CT Secondary Amps
VAprim: 50 CT Rated Power
Class: 5P20 Accuracy %, Type (P,C), Limit Factor (Maximum CT times to satisfy accuracy). Eg. 10P20
RCTp (Ω): 0.648 CT Resistance in ohms
LCTp (m): 800 Cable Length from CT to Protective relay (in meters)
Cross Section
16 Cable cross section (in mm2)
(mm2):

TRANSFORMER SECONDARY SIDE:
CTs Ratio: 3000 5 CT Primary Amps / CT Secondary Amps
VAsec: 15 CT Rated Power
Class: 5P20 Accuracy %, Type (P,C), Limit Factor (Maximum CT times to satisfy accuracy). Eg. 10P20
RCTs (Ω): 1.13 CT Resistance in ohms

LCTs (m): 20 Cable Length from CT to Protective relay (in meters)
Cross Section
6 Cable cross section (in mm2)
(mm2):

PROTECTION RELAY DATA:
RELAY: ABB REF-542 Relay model (For information only)
RELAY
0.1 Relay Burden in VA
BURDEN (VA):

MAXIMUM EXTERNAL FAULT. CURRENT THROUGH:
Current seen by:
Shortcircuit at:
HV Side LV Side
PRIMARY SIDE (A): 3000 8000
SECONDARY SIDE (A): 800 15000

1) UNIT VALUES

Ip = KVA/(√3*Vp/1000) Ip_pu = Ip/CTp
Ip = 502.04 A Ip_pu = 4.1837

Is = KVA/(√3*Vs/1000) Is_pu = Is/CTs
Is = 2749.29 A Is_pu = 4.5821

Primary Current Maximum Fault Current through
Ifp = Max [Ifault prim, Ifault sec] Ifp_pu = Ifp/CTp
Ifp = 3000 A Ifp_pu = 25.0000

Secondary Current Maximum Fault Current through
Ifs = Max [Ifault prim, Ifault sec] Ifs_pu = Ifs/CTp
Ifs = 15000 A Ifs_pu = 25.0000

2) BURDEN CALCULATIONS

RPkm
1.15 [Obtained from cooper cable data table]
(ohms/Km):
Rp_VA @ Ip_pu2 * Rp
Rp (Ω) = 2 * LCTp * RPkm/1000 Rp (Ω) = 1.84 32.206
FLC = (VA) =

RSkm
3.08 [Obtained from cooper cable data table]
(ohms/Km):
Rs_VA @ Is_pu2 * Rs
Rs (Ω) = 2 * LCTs * RSkm/1000 Rs (Ω) = 0.1232 2.587
FLC = (VA) =

Relay Resistance
Rrelay (Ω) = VArelay/(ICT_sec2) Rrelay (Ω) = 0.004
(ICT_sec2): 1A or 5 A

Total External Resistance Burden

Bprimary (Ω) = Rp + Rrelay Bprimary (Ω) = 1.844

1272 .Bsecondary (Ω) = Rs + Rrelay Bsecondary (Ω) = 0.

3) CALCULATION OF CT BURDEN AND DRIVING VOLTAGES 3a) FULL LOAD OPERATION Driving Voltage.6 0.600 Maximum CT voltage accros terminals to guarantee rated accuracy Vacr_sec (V) = Limit Factor * Zbsec * ICT_sec Vacr_sec (V) = 60.1272 OK.3 OK. 2007 REV.430 maximum through current on secondary side 3c) CT VOLTAGE AND BURDEN LIMITS Primary side Accuracy: 5 Type: P P: Protection.300 maximum through current on primary side Driving Voltage. C: Metering Limit Factor: 20 Zbprim Max (Ω) =VAprim/ICT_sec 2 Zbprim (Ω) = 2.000 Maximum CT voltage accros terminals to guarantee rated accuracy Vacr_prim (V) = Limit Factor * Zbprim * ICT_sec Vacr_prim (V) = 200.761 3b) EXTERNAL FAULT OPERATION Driving Voltage. Primary side Vsp (V) = (Bprimary + RCTp) * Ip_pu Vsp (V) = 10. Primary side Voltage accross CT terminals for Vsfp (V) = (Bprimary + RCTp) * Ifp_pu Vsfp (V) = 62.0 (error) Secondary side Accuracy: 5 Type: P P: Protection.844 OK. Secondary side secondary sides Vss (V) = (Bsecondary + RCTs) * Is_pu Vss (V) = 5. C: Metering Limit Factor: 20 Zbsec Max (Ω) = VAsec/ICT_sec 2 Zbsec (Ω) = 0. Primary Burden is lower than CT limit Vacr_prim Limit(V) Vsfp (V) 200 62. 00 . secondary Burden is lower than CT limit Vacr_sec Limit (V) Vsfp (V) 60 31.426 Voltage accross CT terminals during Full Load operation on primary and Driving Voltage.43 OK.0 (error) RESULTS: BURDEN AND VOLTAGE COMPARISON Primary side CT Limit Zb (Ω) Bprimary (Ω) 2 1. Driving voltage is lower than Vacr limit CALCULATED BY: LUIS FERNANDEZ FERNANDEZ DATE: MAR. Driving voltage is lower than Vacr limit Secondary side CT Limit Zb (Ω) Bsecondary (Ω) 0. Secondary side Voltage accross CT terminals for Vsfs (V) = (Bsecondary + RCTs) * Ifs_pu Vsfs (V) = 31. 22.

83 [Obtained from cooper cable data table] (ohms/Km): RL_VA @ IL_pu2 * RL RL (Ω) = 2 * LCTL * RLkm/1000 RL (Ω) = 1. 10P20 RCTN (Ω): 0.8 CT Resistance in ohms LCTN (m): 400 Cable Length from CT to Protective relay (in meters) Cross Section 10 Cable cross section (in mm2) (mm2): PROTECTION RELAY DATA: RELAY: ABB REF-542 Relay model (For information only) RELAY BURDEN 0.1 Relay Burden in VA (VA): MAXIMUM EXTERNAL FAULT. Eg.8 CT Resistance in ohms LCTL (m): 400 Cable Length from CT to Protective relay (in meters) Cross Section 10 Cable cross section (in mm2) (mm2): GENERATOR NEUTRAL SIDE: CTN Ratio: 2000 5 CT Primary Amps / CT Secondary Amps VANeutral: 50 CT Rated Power Class: 5P20 Accuracy %.468 BNeutral (Ω) = Rs + Rrelay BNeutral (Ω) = 1.9365 IN_pu = 3.0000 2) BURDEN CALCULATIONS Line Lead Resistance RLkm 1. Eg.8 Neutral CT Resistance RCTN (Ω) = 0. Limit Factor (Maximum CT times to satisfy accuracy). CURRENT THROUGH: External Shortcircuit (A) 8000 Maximum Generator contribution to external shortcircuits 1) UNIT VALUES Generator Full Load Current Igen = KVA/(√3*Vp/1000) IL_pu = Igen/CTL IN_pu = Igen/CTN Igen = 1574. Type (P.VERIFICATION OF CURRENT TRANSFORMERS FOR GENERATOR DIFFERENTIAL PROTECTION APPLICATION GENERATOR GENERAL DATA: KVA: 30000 Rated Power in KVA VOLTAGE (V): 11000 Rated Voltage in Volts GENERATOR LINE SIDE: CTL Ratio: 2000 5 CT Primary Amps / CT Secondary Amps VALine: 50 CT Rated Power Class: 5P20 Accuracy %.C). Limit Factor (Maximum CT times to satisfy accuracy).83 [Obtained from cooper cable data table] (ohms/Km): RN_VA @ N_pu2 * RN RN (Ω) = 2 * LCTN * RNkm/1000 RN (Ω) = 1. Shortcircuit IesL_pu = Ies/CTL IesN_pu = Ies/CTN Ies = 8000 A IesL_pu = 20.686 FLC = (VA) = Secondary Lead Resistance RNkm 1.468 . Type (P.464 22.686 FLC = (VA) = Relay Resistance Rrelay (Ω) = VArelay/(ICT_sec2) Rrelay (Ω) = 0.9365 Maximum through Fault Current for external shortcircuits Ies = Ext.C).004 (ICT_sec2): 1A or 5 A Line CT Resistance RCTL (Ω) = 0. 10P20 RCTL (Ω): 0.8 Total External Resistance Burden BLine (Ω) = RL + Rrelay BLine (Ω) = 1.59 A IL_pu = 3.464 22.0000 IesN_pu = 20.

360 maximum through current on line side Driving Voltage. Driving voltage is lower than Vacr limit Neutral side CT Limit Zb (Ω) BNeutral (Ω) 2 1.468 OK. Driving voltage is lower than Vacr limit CALCULATED BY: LUIS FERNANDEZ FERNANDEZ DATE: MAR.360 maximum through current on neutral side 3c) CT VOLTAGE AND BURDEN LIMITS Line side Accuracy: 5 Type: P P: Protection. Line Burden is lower than CT limit Vacr_Line Limit(V) VsfL (V) 200 45.468 OK. Neutral Burden is lower than CT limit Vacr_Neutral Limit (V) VsfN (V) 200 45. 22.0 (error) Neutral side Accuracy: 5 Type: P P: Protection. Primary side VsfL (V) = VsfL (V) = Voltage accross CT terminals for (BLine + RCTL) * IfL_pu 45.36 OK. Neutral side Neutral sides VsN (V) = (BNeutral + RCTN) * IN_pu VsN (V) = 8.928 3b) EXTERNAL FAULT OPERATION Driving Voltage.000 Maximum CT voltage accros terminals to guarantee rated accuracy Vacr_Neutral (V) = Limit Factor * ZbNeutral * ICT_sec Vacr_Neutral (V) = 200. 00 . C: Metering Limit Factor: 20 ZbNeutral Max (Ω) = VANeutral/ICT_sec2 ZbNeutral (Ω) = 2.0 (error) RESULTS: BURDEN AND VOLTAGE COMPARISON Line side CT Limit Zb (Ω) BLine (Ω) 2 1. Secondary side Voltage accross CT terminals for VsfN (V) = (BNeutral + RCTN) * IfN_pu VsfN (V) = 45.3) CALCULATION OF CT BURDEN AND DRIVING VOLTAGES 3a) FULL LOAD OPERATION Driving Voltage.000 Maximum CT voltage accros terminals to guarantee rated accuracy Vacr_Line (V) = Limit Factor * ZbLine * ICT_sec Vacr_Line (V) = 200.928 Voltage accross CT terminals during Full Load operation on Line and Driving Voltage. Line side VsL (V) = (BLine + RCTL) * IL_pu VsL (V) = 8. C: Metering Limit Factor: 20 ZbLine Max (Ω) = VALine/ICT_sec2 ZbLine (Ω) = 2.36 OK. 2007 REV.

703 FLA = (VA) = Secondary Lead Resistance RNkm 1.69 9. Limit Factor (Maximum CT times to satisfy accuracy).15 [Obtained from cooper cable data table] (ohms/Km): RN_VA @ N_pu2 * RN RN (Ω) = 2 * LCTN * RNkm/1000 RN (Ω) = 0. 10P20 RCTL (Ω): 0.C).694 BNeutral (Ω) = Rs + Rrelay BNeutral (Ω) = 0. Not required for calculations) FLA (A) 150 Full Load current in amperes LRA [Times FLA] 6. Type (P.3750 2) BURDEN CALCULATIONS Line Lead Resistance RLkm 1. Not required for calculations) VOLTAGE (V): 11000 Rated Voltage in Volts (Only for information.00 A IL_pu = 3.703 FLA = (VA) = Relay Resistance Rrelay (Ω) = VArelay/(ICT_sec2) Rrelay (Ω) = 0.15 [Obtained from cooper cable data table] (ohms/Km): RL_VA @ IL_pu2 * RL RL (Ω) = 2 * LCTL * RLkm/1000 RL (Ω) = 0.1 Relay Burden in VA (VA): STARTING CURRENT.3750 IesN_pu = 24.69 9. 10P20 RCTN (Ω): 0. Limit Factor (Maximum CT times to satisfy accuracy). CURRENT THROUGH: External Shortcircuit (A) 975 Maximum current through 1) UNIT VALUES Motor Full Load Current FLAL_pu = FLA/CTL FLAN_pu = FLA/CTN FLA = 150.2 Neutral CT Resistance RCTN (Ω) = 0.694 . Eg. Type (P.VERIFICATION OF CURRENT TRANSFORMERS FOR MOTOR DIFFERENTIAL PROTECTION APPLICATION MOTOR GENERAL DATA: KW: 1000 Rated Power in KW (Only for information.7500 Motor Starting current LRAL_pu = LRA/CTL LRAN_pu = LRA/CTN LRA = 975 A IesL_pu = 24.C).5 Locked Rotor curren in multiples of FLA MOTOR LINE SIDE: CTL Ratio: 200 5 CT Primary Amps / CT Secondary Amps VALine: 15 CT Rated Power Class: 5P20 Accuracy %.7500 IN_pu = 3. Eg.004 (ICT_sec2): 1A or 5 A Line CT Resistance RCTL (Ω) = 0.2 Total External Resistance Burden BLine (Ω) = RL + Rrelay BLine (Ω) = 0.2 CT Resistance in ohms LCTN (m): 300 Cable Length from CT to Protective relay (in meters) Cross Section 16 Cable cross section (in mm2) (mm2): PROTECTION RELAY DATA: RELAY: ABB REF-542 Relay model (For information only) RELAY BURDEN 0.2 CT Resistance in ohms LCTL (m): 300 Cable Length from CT to Protective relay (in meters) Cross Section 16 Cable cross section (in mm2) (mm2): MOTOR NEUTRAL SIDE: CTN Ratio: 200 5 CT Primary Amps / CT Secondary Amps VANeutral: 15 CT Rated Power Class: 5P20 Accuracy %.

694 WRONG.79125 OK. Secondary side VsfN (V) = (BNeutral + RCTN) * IfN_pu VsfN (V) = Voltage accross CT terminals during 21.791 motor starting on neutral side 3c) CT VOLTAGE AND BURDEN LIMITS Line side Accuracy: 5 Type: P P: Protection.694 WRONG.0 (error) Neutral side Accuracy: 5 Type: P P: Protection. Line side VsL (V) = (BLine + RCTL) * IL_pu VsL (V) = 3.353 3b) EXTERNAL FAULT OPERATION Driving Voltage. Primary side VsfL (V) = VsfL (V) = Voltage accross CT terminals during (BLine + RCTL) * IfL_pu 21.0 (error) RESULTS: BURDEN AND VOLTAGE COMPARISON Line side CT Limit Zb (Ω) BLine (Ω) 0.353 Voltage accross CT terminals during Full Load operation on Line and Driving Voltage. 22.3) CALCULATION OF CT BURDEN AND DRIVING VOLTAGES 3a) FULL LOAD OPERATION Driving Voltage. Neutral side Neutral sides VsN (V) = (BNeutral + RCTN) * IN_pu VsN (V) = 3. Neutral Burden is higher than CT limit Vacr_Neutral Limit (V) VsfN (V) 60 21.791 motor starting on line side Driving Voltage.6 0.6 0. 2007 . Line Burden is higher than CT limit Vacr_Line Limit(V) VsfL (V) 60 21.600 Maximum CT voltage accros terminals to guarantee rated accuracy Vacr_Neutral (V) = Limit Factor * ZbNeutral * ICT_sec Vacr_Neutral (V) = 60.79125 OK. Driving voltage is lower than Vacr limit Neutral side CT Limit Zb (Ω) BNeutral (Ω) 0. C: Metering Limit Factor: 20 ZbLine Max (Ω) = VALine/ICT_sec2 ZbLine (Ω) = 0. C: Metering Limit Factor: 20 ZbNeutral Max (Ω) = VANeutral/ICT_sec2 ZbNeutral (Ω) = 0.600 Maximum CT voltage accros terminals to guarantee rated accuracy Vacr_Line (V) = Limit Factor * ZbLine * ICT_sec Vacr_Line (V) = 60. Driving voltage is lower than Vacr limit CALCULATED BY: LUIS FERNANDEZ FERNANDEZ DATE: MAR.