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**GRADES 9 Teacher Learning Area MATH
**

DAILY LESSON LOG Teaching Dates and

Quarter SECOND

Time

Teaching Day and Time

Grade Level Section

**Session 1 Session 2 Session 3 Session 4
**

I. OBJECTIVES

1. Content Standards The learner demonstrates understanding of key concepts of exponents and radicals.

2. Performance

Standards The learner is able to formulate and solve accurately problems involving exponents and radicals.

**3. Learning Solves problems involving Solves problems involving Solves problems involving Solves problems involving
**

Competencies/ radicals. (M9AL-IIj-1) radicals. (M9AL-IIj-1) radicals. (M9AL-IIj-1) radicals. (M9AL-IIj-1)

Objectives

a. Follow a step by step a. Follow a step by step a. Follow a step by step a. Follow a step by step

procedure in solving word procedure in solving word procedure in solving word procedure in solving word

problems involving problems involving problems involving problems involving

radicals radicals radicals radicals

b. Recognize formula b. Recognize formula b. Recognize formula b. Recognize formula

necessary to solve a given necessary to solve a given necessary to solve a necessary to solve a given

problem problem given problem problem

c. Appreciate the use of c. Appreciate the use of c. Appreciate the use of c. Appreciate the use of

radicals in real-life radicals in real-life radicals in real-life radicals in real-life

situation situation situation situation

II. CONTENT Solving Radical Equations Solving Radical Equations Solving Radical Equations Solving Radical Equations

III. LEARNING

RESOURCES

A. References

1. Teacher’s

Guide pp. 185-188 pp. 185-188 pp. 185-188 pp. 185-188

2. Learner’s

Materials pp. 289-292 pp. 289-292 pp. 289-292 pp. 289-292

3. Textbook

4. Additional

Materials from

Learning

Resource (LR)

portal

B. Other Learning Grade 9 LCTG by DepEd Grade 9 LCTG by DepEd Grade 9 LCTG by DepEd Grade 9 LCTG by DepEd

Resources Cavite Mathematics 2016, Cavite Mathematics 2016, Cavite Mathematics 2016, Cavite Mathematics 2016,

activity sheets, laptop and activity sheets, laptop and activity sheets, laptop and activity sheets, laptop and

monitor monitor monitor monitor

IV. PROCEDURES

A. Reviewing previous Taas Kamay! Pre-Assessment: Using the Pythagorean

lesson or presenting If the value of the variable at 1. What is the perimeter of relation, a2 + b2 = c2 , look for

the new lesson the right will make the an equilateral triangle the missing numbers in the

if the side is cm? following.

equation correct, draw 2. What is the perimeter of a 1. c2 = 32 + 42

on the space provided before square whose side

2. 252 = a2 + 242

each number. If the value is

is cm ? 3. 102 = 62 + b2

incorrect, just leave it blank.

____ 1. 2 = s=4

____ 2. 10 = e = 100

____ 3.

____ 4. =3 V = 27

_____5. 2(8) = b2 b=4

B. Establishing a Tell whether or not the given

purpose for the lengths determine a right

lesson triangle.

1. 3 cm , 5 cm , 8 cm

2. 7 m, 9 m , 11 m

3. 10 mm , 12 mm , 15 mm

**C. Presenting Illustrative Example 1 Illustrative Example: Solutions of problems may Many problems involving
**

examples/ A sphere has a volume of The square root of 1 more involve work with radicals. right triangles are solved by

instances of the 456 cm 3. If the radius of the than twice a certain number Consider this problem. means of the Pythagorean

lesson sphere is increased by 2 cm, is 5. Find the number. The length of one side of theorem. Most often these

what is the new volume of Representation: Let x be square A is m, one problems involve working

the sphere? the number with radicals. The theorem

Solution: Equation: =5 side of square B is illustrates the relationships

Make a sketch: existing among the sides of a

2 m and one side of square C

Solution: =5 right triangle.

is m. The distance Illustrative Example:

2x + 1 = 25

Define variables: Let R be 2x = 24 therefore, from the first lamp The length of the legs of a

the radius of the sphere. x = 12 post located to the left side right triangle are 5cm and 12

of square A to the second cm. Find the length of the

Find an equation: The Checking: = 5 lamp post located at the hypotenuse.

volume of a sphere is given Let x be the hypotenuse

= 5 right side of square C is the

sum of the lengths of the x2 = 52 + 122

by the formula V= 5 =5

sides of the three x2 = 25 + 144

πR3 consecutive squares. That =

Solve the equation: is, + + x = ±13

Substitute value of the So, x = 13 , since length or

= 10 + 11.2 + 26.5

distance is always positive.

volume: 456 =

Multiply by 3: = 47.7 m

1368 =

Divide by 4π

108.92 = R3

Take the cube root of each

side R=

R = 4.776 cm

The new radius is 2 cm

more: R = 6.776 cm

The new volume is:

V= (6.776)3

V = 1 302.5 cm3

**Check: Let’s plug in the
**

values of the radius into the

volume formula:

V= =

.

The solution checks out.

Illustrative Example 2

Anita’s square vegetable

garden is 21 square feet

larger than Fred’s square

vegetable garden. Anita and

Fred decide to pool their

money together and buy the

same kind of fencing for their

gardens. If they need 84 feet

of fencing, what is the size of

each garden?

Solution:

Make a sketch:

Anita’s Fred’s

Garden Garden

Define Variables: Let Fred’s

area be x;

then Anita’s area is x + 21.

Find an equation:

Side length of Fred’s

garden is .

Side length of Anita’s

garden is .

The amount of fencing is

equal to the combined

perimeters of the two

squares:

4 + = 84

Solve the equation:

Divide all terms by 4: +

= 21

Isolate one of the radical

expression: = 21-

Square both sides (

)2 = (21 - )2

Eliminate parentheses:

x+21 = 441 - 42 +x

Isolate the radical expression

42 = 420

Divide both sides by 42:

= 10

Square both sides:

x = 100 ft2

Check: 4 =4 =

40 + 44 =84. The solution

checks out.

Fred’s garden is 10 ft x 10 ft

= 100 ft2 and Anita’s garden

is 11 t x 11 ft = 121 ft2.

**D. Discussing new Answer the following. Solve this problem. Is a triangle with sides of
**

concepts and 1. What is the perimeter of a A rectangular piece of land lengths 6 cm, 8 cm and 10

practicing new skills rectangle whose width is is 75 meters long and 50 cm a right triangle? Explain

#1 meters wide. What is the why.

and whose length is ? length of the diagonal of this

2. What is the area of a circle rectangular land?

whose radius is

cm ?

3. What is the area of a

square whose side is

cm?

E. Discussing new 1. What are the steps in Find the following: Solve this problem. What kind of triangle is it,

concepts and solving problems 1. What must you multiply to A number is increased by 7. if the sum of the squares of

practicing new skills involving radicals? The positive square root of the lengths of two sides is

#2 2. What are some of the to get ? the increased number is 7.

equal to the square of the

formulas that may be 2. What must you add to 2 + What is the original

used in solving word 3 to get 1- number? length of the third side?

?

problems?

3. What must you divide to The length of the hypotenuse

Solve.

1. The time T (in seconds) + to get 7 ? of a right triangle shown in

taken for a pendulum of 4. What must you multiply to the figure is 25 cm and one

length L (in feet) to make one the denominator of of its legs is 15 cm. Find the

full swing, back and forth, is

length of the other leg.

given by the formula the radical to

rationalize its

denominator? 25 cm

5. What must you subtract to

To the nearest hundredth, 15 cm

- to get –

how long is a pendulum x

which takes 2 seconds to ?

complete one full swing? 6. What must you multiply to

Sketch:

Define variable: - to make it

Find an equation: rational ?

Solve the equation:

Check:

2. Find the length of the side

of a square sign whose area

is 50 square feet.

Sketch:

Define variable:

Find an equation:

Solve the equation:

Check:

F. Developing mastery Solve each problem by Answe Solve: Solve the following Solve this problem step by

(Leads to Formative writing an equation and 1. What is the area of a problems step. Find the length of the

Assessment 3) solving it. Find the exact rectangle whose length is 1. Guy wires 13 meters long diagonal of a square whose

answer and simplify it. are installed from the top of sides measure 1 dm.

1. The length of a rectangle and whose width is ? an electric post to a point 5

is 7 meters less than twice its 2. . What is the side of a square meters from the base of the

width, and its area is 660 m2. that has an area of 64 post. How high is the post?

What are the length and sq. cm ? 2. Find the area of a

width of the rectangle? rectangle with a length of

2. Idris and Sebastian are meters and with a width

sailing in a friend’s sailboat.

They measure the hull speed of 2 meters.

at 9 nautical miles per hour.

Find the length of the 3. A number is decreased by

sailboat’s waterline. Round to 5. The square root of this

the nearest foot. (The difference is equal to 11.

formula for hull speed is What is the original

number?

h=1.34 ).

G. Finding practical Solve the ff. problems. Solve the following problems. Solve the following Solve this problem step by

applications of 1. The area of a triangle is 24 1. If 4 is subtracted from a problems. step.

concepts and skills in2 and the height of the number, the result is equal to 1. A rectangular piece of 1. Find the length of the

triangle is twice as long as the square root of 2 more land is 75 meters long and diagonal of a square whose

in daily living the base. What are the base than the number. Find the 50 meters wide. What is the sides are 8 cm.

and the height of the number. length of this rectangular 2. The diagonal of a certain

triangle? 2. If the square of 2 less than land? square measures m.

2. The amount of time t, in 6 times a number is divided 2. The square of 1 more

seconds, that it takes a by 2 less than the number, than twice a certain number Find the measure of the

pendulum to complete a full the quotient is 2. Find the is 5. Find the number. side of the square.

swing is called the period of number. 3. The square of 5 more

the pendulum, It is given by than twice a certain number

is 7. Find the number.

where is the

**length of the pendulum, in
**

feet. If the Giant Swing

completes a period in about

8 second, about how long is

the pendulum’s arm? Round

to the nearest foot.

**H. Making The principles governing The principles governing In any right triangle, the sum
**

generalizations and radicals and its operations radicals and its operations of the squares of the lengths

abstractions about will be helpful and useful in will be helpful and useful in of the two legs is equal to the

the lesson the solution of word the solution of word square of the length of the

problems. problems. hypotenuse

To solve problems involving To solve problems involving

radicals, follow these steps: radicals, follow these steps:

Sketch Sketch

Define variable Define variable

Find an equation Find an equation

Solve the equation Solve the equation

Check Check

I. Evaluating learning Solve the following problems.Solve the following problems Solve the following Solve the following problems

1. One form of Coulomb’s step by step. problems. step by step.

law in electricity states that 1. The square root of 5 more 1. A motorboat travels east 1. The length of the

. In the formula, d than twice a number is 7. on a lake for 4 km and hypotenuse of a right triangle

is the distance between two Find the number. then travels north for 9 km. is 25 cm and one leg is 15

charged bodies, and q1 and 2. The square root of twice a How far is the motorboat cm. Find the length of the

q2 are the charges carried bycertain number is subtracted from its starting point? other leg.

the bodies. When q1 = 1 , from the number and the 2. A number is increased 2. The diagonal of a

d = 5 cm, and k = 4, find q2. result is 4. Find the number. by 7. The positive square rectangular table of the

2. The approximate radius of 3. The square root of 5 less root of the increased school principal is 26 cm.

a right circular cylinder is than 6 times a certain number is 7. What is the The longer side is 24 cm.

given by the formula number is divided by a original number?. Find the shorter side.

number and the quotient is

Find the number.

, when V is the 4. If 4 is subtracted from a

number, the result is equal

volume and h is the height. to the square root of 2 more

Find the radius to the than the number. Find the

nearest centimeter of a right number.

cylinder with a volume 150 5. If the square root of 2 less

cubic centimetres and the than 6 times a number is

height of 12 centimeters. divided by 2 less than the

number, the quotient is 2.

Find the number.

6. Find a number such that

the square root of 1 less

than the number is equal to

the square root of 3 less than

the number squared.

**J. Additional activities 1. Follow-up Follow-up: Solve the following The hypotenuse of a right
**

for application or The motion of a pendulum 1. What is the hypotenuse of problems. triangle is 20 cm and one leg

remediation can be found using the a right triangle if the two 1. The square root of twice a is 16 cm. Find the length of

legs are and 2 ? certain number is

the other leg.

formula where l is 2. Find x in the radical subtracted from the

number and the result is 4.

the length in centimeters, equation 2x-5 =0 ? Find the number.

and g is the acceleration due 2.The square root of 5 less

to gravity(980cm/sec2). Solve the following problems. than 6 times a certain

a. Find the time in seconds 1.Two is the quotient of the number is divided by the

that it takes a 50-cm number and the

square root of 1 more than

pendulum to make one quotient is 1. Find the

a number divided by 1

complete swing. greater than the number. number

b. Find the length in What is the number?

centimeters of a pendulum 2. Find a number such that

that takes 5 seconds to the square root of 1 less

make one complete than the number is equal

swing. to the square root of 3 less

2. Study quadrilaterals. than the number squared.

a. Define Quadrilaterals.

b. Identify the different kinds

of Quadrilaterals.

Reference: Grade 9

Learner’s Material pp. 306-

308.

V. REMARKS

VI. REFLECTION

a. No. of learners who

earned 80% on the

formative assessment

b. No. of learners who

require additional

activities for

remediation.

c. Did the remedial

lessons work? No. of

learners who have

caught up with the

lesson.

d. No. of learners who

continue to require

remediation

e. Which of my teaching

strategies worked

well? Why did these

work?

f. What difficulties did I

encounter which my

principal or supervisor

can help me solve?

g. What innovation or

localized materials did

I use/discover which I

wish to share with

other teachers?

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