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RELATIONS

( x2 − x1 ) + ( y2 − y1 )

2 2

Distance =

x +x y + y2

Midpoint, ( x, y ) = 1 2 , 1

2 2

Phythagoras Theorem = c 2 = a 2 + b2

1

2. Area of triangle = × base × height

2

3. Area of parallelogram = base × height

1

4. Area of trapezium = × (sum of parallel sides) × height

2

5. Circumference of circle = π d = 2 π r

6. Area of circle = π r 2

1 2

12. Volume of cone = π r h

3

4 3

13. Volume of sphere = π r

3

1

14. Volume of right pyramid = × base area × height

3

15. Sum of interior angles of a polygon = ( n − 2 ) × 180

ο

16. =

circumference of circle 360ο

17. =

area of circle 360ο

CIRCLES

Identifying a circle

- we have learnt a point that moves at a constant distant from a fixed point is a

circle

- a circle is a set of point that is equidistant from the fixed point

Circumference of a circle

- the ratio of the circumference to diameter is a constant

- this constant is known as ‘ pi ’ and is represented by the symbol π

22

- π= OR π = 3.142

7

Circumference = π d OR

π

Circumference = 2 r , r = radius

- Examples:

22

1) Calculate the circumference of a circle with a diameter of 7 cm ( use π = )

7

22

3) Find the diameter of a circle which has a circumference of 44 cm. ( use π = )

7

22

4) If a circle has a circumference of 66 cm, find its radius. ( use π = )

7

5. The tyre of a bicycle rotates 50 times per minutes. Given the diameter of the tyre is 42 cm, find the

distance traveled by the bicycle in 5 minutes. Give your answer in meters.

6. A piece of wire in the shape of a rectangle 24 cm long and 20 cm wide is reshaped into a circle. Find the

22

radius of the circle. ( use π = )

7

Arc of a circle

=

circumference 360ο

Examples :

1) Calculate the length of an arc that subtends an angle of 72ο at the centre of a circle with a radius

of 21 cm

2) O

A x

B

Find the value of x given that the circle with centre O has a radius of 14 m and the minor arc AB is

44 m long.

1

3) The length of an arc of a circle of radius 10 cm is 22cm. Find the angle at the centre of the sector

2

1

4) In the figure, the length of the minor arc PQ is 13 cm and angle POQ is 84ο . Calculate the

5

a) radius of the circle

b) length of the major arc

5) The figure shows a right-angled triangle joined to a semicircle. find the perimeter of the figure.

6cm

8cm

6) The figure given shows a rectangle PQRS overlapped by two quadrants PAD and RCB of radius

7cm. If PS = 10cm and PQ = 14cm, calculate the perimeter of the shaded area.

P A S

D B

Q R

C

Area of a circle

Area of circle = π r2 where r is the radius

- Examples:

22

1) Calculate the area of a circle with a radius = 1.4 cm. ( Take π = )

7

22

3) The area of a circle is 154cm 2 . Find its radius and diameter ( Use π = )

7

22

4) Find the area of the circle with the circumference of 88cm. ( Use π = )

7

3 cm

4 cmcentre O. Find the area of the annulus.

5) The figure shows two concentric circles with

O

Important!

Concentric Circles

= circles having the same centre

Annulus

= area between two concentric

circles

= area of big circle – area of small

22

6) Take π = , find the area of the shaded regions

7

42cm

O P

=

Area of Circle 360 °

OR

θ

Area of sector = ×π r2

360°

Examples:

22

1) Find the area of the shaded region. ( Take π = )

7

O 7cm

72o

2) Given that the area of the shaded sector of circle with radius of 6.3 cm is 27.72 cm 2 , calculate the angle

22

substended at centre of the circle. ( Use π = )

7

3) The area of the shaded region in the circle with centre O is 48 cm 2 . Given that the angle substended at

22

the centre is 144ο , calculate the radius of the circle. ( Use π = )

7

4) The diagram below shows a circle with centre O and a radius of 14mm. OAB is a right-angled triangle.

Find the area of the shaded part.

O

B

5) In the diagram as shown, PS and QR are the arcs of two circles with centre O. Find the area of the

shaded region. Give your answer in π

2004 Paper 1 Question 19

Diagram 12 shows a circle with centre O.

1 22

The radius of the circle is 10 cm. Calculate the length, in cm, of the minor arc MN. (Use π = )

2 7

55 77 1155 1617

A B C D

2 2 8 8

In Diagram 13, POR is the diameter of circle PQR.

22

Given that PQ = QR and PR = 14cm, calculate the area, in cm2, of the shaded region. (Use π = )

7

A 56 B 93 C 105 D 142

Diagram 25 shows a circle with centre O. The length of the minor arc PQ is 3.3 cm.

22

Calculate the radius, in cm, of the circle. (Use π = )

7

A 2.42 B 4.50 C 14.85 D 29.70

Diagram 15 shows a circle with centre O.

22

Calculate the length, in cm, of the minor arc PQ. (Use π = )

7

A 22 B 44 C 88 D 176

Diagram 17 shows two sectors, QSR and UST, with the common centre S. RSU and QST are straight lines.

22

It is given that ST = 2QS. Calculate the area, in cm2, of the sector UST. (Use π = )

7

A 11 B 19.25 C 38.50 D 77

Diagram 16 shows a circle with centre O. PT, QU, RV and SW are diameters of the circle.

A TU B UV C WP D RS

Diagram 17 shows a circle with centre O and radius 6 cm.

Calculate the area, in cm2, of the shaded region.

A 18 π B 5.4 π C 10.2 π D 30.6 π

Diagram 22 shows a square OPQR and an arc RSP with centre O.

A 61 B 58 C 47 D 33

Diagram 12 shows a circle with centre O.

22

Calculate the area, in cm2, of the coloured region. (Use π = )

7

A 105 B 116 C 539 D 616

Diagram 13, O is the centre of the circle and POR is a diameter of the circle. PQRS is a rectangle.

It is given that PR = 10 cm and PQ = 6 cm. Find the area, in cm2, of the coloured region.

A 25 π – 48 B 25 π – 96 C 100 π – 48 D 100 π – 96

In Diagram 19, PQRS is a square and STU is an arc of a circle with centre P.

The area of PQRS is 576 cm2. Calculate the length, in cm, of the arc STU.

A 16 π B 28 π C 32 π D 48 π

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