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Statement:

Everyone should study logic.


Argument for the statement:
Logic is used in engineering, law,
philosophy, computer science,
mathematics, and many other discipline.
Logic makes our electronic gadgets, such
as cell phones, work. Logic is fun and
interesting. If logic is useful, fun and
interesting, then everyone should study it.
Therefore, everyone should study logic.
Fill in the blank.

1. A ______ is a declarative
sentences that is either true
or false, but not both.
Answer.
1. A proposition is a declarative
sentences that is either true or false,
but not both.
If a proposition is true, then its truth
value is true which is denoted by T,
otherwise is truth value is false and is
denoted by F.
Note: Proposition is usually denoted by small
letter like p.
Determine whether the given
statement is a proposition or
not, give its truth value.
(Take note that for statement to be a
proposition it has to be a declarative
sentence.)

2. p: Mindanao is an Island in
the Philippines.
2. Proposition/True value
Determine whether the given
statement is a proposition or
not, give its truth value.
(Take note that for statement to be a
proposition it has to be a declarative
sentence.)

3. q: Find a number which


divides your age.
3. Not a Proposition
Determine whether the given
statement is a proposition or
not, give its truth value.
(Take note that for statement to be a
proposition it has to be a declarative
sentence.)

4. r:My seatmate will get a perfect


score in the logic exam.
4. Proposition
Determine whether the given
statement is a proposition or
not, give its truth value.
(Take note that for statement to be a
proposition it has to be a declarative
sentence.)

5. s:Welcome to the Philippines!


5. Not a Proposition
Determine whether the given
statement is a proposition or
not, give its truth value.
(Take note that for statement to be a
proposition it has to be a declarative
sentence.)

6. t:3 + 2 = 5
6. Proposition/True
Fill in the blank.

7. A ______ is a proposition
formed from simpler
proposition using logical
connectors or some
combination of logical
connectors.
7. A compound proposition is a
proposition formed from simpler
proposition using logical connectors
or some combination of logical
connectors. Some logical connectors
involving proposition p and / or q
maybe express as follows:
not p
p and q
p or q
if p then q
Fill in the blank.

8. A ______ is a proposition that


cannot be broken down any
further into other component
proposition.
Fill in the blank.

8. A simple proposition is a
proposition that cannot be
broken down any further into
other component
proposition.
Determine whether it is a simple
or compound proposition. If it is
compound proposition, identify
the simple components.

9. p: Mindanao is an Island in
the Philippines.
9. Simple proposition
Determine whether it is a simple
or compound proposition. If it is
compound proposition, identify
the simple components.

10. u: Either logic is fun and


interesting or it is boring.
10. Compound proposition
Simple component:
f:Logic is fun.
i:Logic is interesting.
j:Logic is boring.
Determine whether the following
statement are proposition. If the proposition
is compound proposition, identify the simple
component and the logical connectors used.

1. a: Define a polynomial function.


2. b: Justin Bieber has over 1 million
followers on Twitter and Instagram.
3. c: If Ted’s score is less than 50, then
Ted will fail the course.
4. d: What time is it?
5. e: Either it is sunny in Metro Manila or
its street are flooded.
Determine whether the following statement
are proposition. If the proposition is compound
proposition, identify the simple component and
the logical connectors used.
6. f: Dinner is served with coffee or tea.
7. g: If a, b, and c denote the lengths the legs
and the hypothenuse of a right triangle,
then a² + b² = c².
8. h: Timothy’s average is at least 92 and he is
getting an A for the course.
9. i: -5 is not a negative number.
10. j: A password must be at least 6
characters long or it must be at least 8
characters long.