Congested streets an roadways result when too many people want to drive same routs at the same time, particularly during peak commute hours or special events.TDM programs focus on changing or reducing travel demand, particularly at peak commute hours, instead of increasing roadway supply.


The primary purpose of TDM is to reduce the number of vehicles using the road system while providing a wide variety of mobility options to those who wish to travel.


TDM involves a multitude of agencies within and outside the transport sector. It consist of many measures covering 

Hardware- physical investments Software - policies and pricing

TDM typically consists of low-cost improvement measures which, when combined, can have far-reaching effects. Therefore, TDM investments potentially make good use of limited financial resources. In practice, experience indicates that the implementation of effective TDM is problematic and may have adverse results. The challenge is to find acceptable and appropriate TDM measures for the circumstances.

TDM makes more efficient use of the current roadway system ƒ According to the researches TDM programs can reduce vehicle trips ƒ Some of the most promising TDM programs emphasize coordination with local employers on measures such as
     Car or van pooling programs Bus pass subsidies Alternative work shedules Telecommuting options Parking management 

Parking facilities are a major cost to society, and parking conflicts are among the most common problems facing designers, operators, planners and other officials. 

Such problems can be often defined either in terms of supply or in terms of management. Management solutions tend to be better than expanding supply because they support more strategic planning objectives:

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Reduced development costs and increased affordability. More compact, multi-modal community planning (smart growth). Encourage use of alternative modes and reduce motor vehicle use (thereby reducing traffic congestion, accidents and pollution).

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Improved user options and quality of service, particularly for non-drivers. Improved design flexibility, creating more functional and attractive communities. Ability to accommodate new uses and respond to new demands. Reduced impervious surface and related environmental and aesthetic benefits.

These ten general principles can help guide planning decision to support parking management. 1. Consumer choice. People should have viable parking and travel options. 2. User information. Motorists should have information on their parking and travel options. 3. Sharing. Parking facilities should serve multiple users and destinations. 4. Efficient utilization. Parking facilities should be sized and managed so spaces are frequently occupied. 5. Flexibility. Parking plans should accommodate uncertainty and change. 6. Prioritization. The most desirable spaces should be managed to favor higher-priority uses. 7. Pricing. As much as possible, users should pay directly for the parking facilities they use. 8. Peak management. Special efforts should be made to deal with peak-demand. 9. Quality vs. quantity. Parking facility quality should be considered as important as quantity, including aesthetics, security, accessibility and user information. 10. Comprehensive analysis. All significant costs and benefits should be considered in parking planning.

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Financial/time incentives Parking Management programs Priority treatment for rideshares Information and marketing Application of site or area-wide cost surcharges or subsidy measures designed to make the relative cost of single occupant vehicle use higher than that for high occupancy vehicles.

Transportation System Management(TSM) programs constitute a separate but closely related set of strategies ƒ Rather than address demand, TSM programs focus on making our transportation systems efficient.

TSM emphasize Getting the most capacity out of roads Other transportation improvements
For instance , ‡improved traffic signalization can effectively increase the capacity of streets. ‡Bus turnout lanes or faster response to breakdowns cleanings of accidents can significantly reduce delays.

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