# CHAPTER 8 BASICEASUREMENTS 8.

4 THE 12-HOUR AND 12THE 24-HOUR SYSTEM 24-

LEARNING OUTCOMES
I.

II.

III.

IV.

READ AND WRITE TIMES IN TWELVETWELVE-HOUR SYSTEM. READ AND WRITE TIMES IN TWENTY-FOURTWENTY-FOUR-HOUR SYSTEM. CONVERT TIME IN TWELVETWELVEHOUR SYSTEM TO TWENTYTWENTYFOUR HOUR SYSTEM AND VICEVICE-VERSA. SOLVE PROBLEMS INVOLVING TIME.

12 HOUR SYSTEMS

a.m.= ante meridiem

p.m. = post meridiem

BEFORE MIDDAY

AFTER MIDDAY

What is the time shown on the clock above? It is eleven o¶ clock.

THE 12-HOUR SYSTEM 12Midnight Morning Noon Afternoon Midnight

12.00

6.00 a.m.

12.00

6.00 p.m.

12.00

12 hours

12 hours

 In the 12-hour system, time is written
using 3 or 4 digits with a dot place between the digits to separate the hours from the minutes.

The time starts from 12 midnight is expressed as a.m. and the time starts from 12 noon is expressed as p.m.

EXAMPLE 7. 2 5 a.m.
Hour Dot Minute Day time

IT CAN BE READ AS: 
Seven

twenty five a.m. five minutes past seven a.m. 

Twenty 

Thirty

five minutes to eight a.m. twenty five in the morning 

Seven

Exercise
1.

Use a.m. or p.m. to denote the time. a) 4.35 in the morning b) 8.20 at night c) 12 midday Write the times in words. a) 2.55 a.m. b) 1.20 p.m. C) 7.32 p.m. Write the time in numerals a) Nine thirty-six in the morning thirtyb) Four fifty-one in the afternoon fiftyc) Twelve midnight

2.

3.

HOUR SYSTEM
FRIDAY 15 AUGUST 2008 JOHOR BAHRU (JHB) TO KUCHING (KCH)
FLIGHT AK 5702 AK 5706 AK 5708 DEPARTS 0655 (JHB) 2015 (JHB) 2035 (JHB) ARRIVES 0820 (KCH) 2140 (KCH) 2155 (KCH)

24-HOUR SYSTEM

Midnight 0000 12.00am

Morning 0600 6.00am

Noon 1200 12.00pm

Afternoon 1800 6.00pm

Midnight 2400 12.00am

12 midnight

12 noon

12 midnight

24 HOUR CLOCK

24-HOUR SYSTEM
The 24-hour system uses 4-digit number to express time

08 15

Hour

Minute

CONVERTING TIME FROM THE 12-HOUR SYSTEM 12INTO THE 24-HOUR SYSTEM 24-

Time before 12 p.m. (noon)
Time In 12 hour System Ignore the dot in the 12-hour system Add 0 in front To change to time in 24-hour system

9.00a.m.

9 . 00

09 00

CONVERTING TIME FROM THE 12-HOUR SYSTEM 12INTO THE 24-HOUR SYSTEM 24-

Given time is before 12 p.m. (noon)
EXERCISE
Time In 12 hour System Ignore the dot in the 12-hour system Add 0 in front to change to time in 24-hour system

5.30a.m. 5 30

05 30

Time before 12 p.m. (noon)
EXERCISE
2.34 a.m.

0234 1105
. 0845

11.05 a.m.

8.45 a.m

Time after 12.00 p.m. (until midnight)
Time In 12 hour System Ignore the dot in the 12-hour system Add 0 in front To change to 4-digit number Add 1200 Time In 24 hour System

6.20p.m. 6 . 20 06 20 0600
+

1200

1800

Time after 12.00 p.m. (until midnight)
Time In 12 hour System Ignore the dot in the 12-hour system Add 0 in front To change to 4-digit number Add 1200 Time In 24 hour System

9.35p.m. 9 . 35 09 35 0935
+

1200

2135

Time After 12 p.m. (until midnight)
EXERCISE
7.24 p.m.

1924 1707
. 2338

5.07 p.m.

11.38 a.m

Time After 12 a.m. (until midday)
EXERCISE
2.34 a.m.

0234 1105
. 0845

11.05 a.m.

8.45 a.m

CONVERTING TIME FROM THE 24-HOUR 24SYSTEM INTO THE 12-HOUR SYSTEM 12Time before 12 p.m. (noon)
Time In 24 hour System

0830

Place a dot between hours digits and minutes digits . Remove digit 0 in front of the time in 24-hour system

0 8 . 30

Add a.m. behind to change to time in 12-hour system

8 . 30 a.m.

CONVERTING TIME FROM THE 24-HOUR SYSTEM 24INTO THE 12-HOUR SYSTEM 12-

Time after 12 p.m. (until midnight)
Time In 24 hour System

2145 2145 ± 1200 = 0945

Minus 1200

Place a dot between the hours digits and the minutes digits. Remove digit 0 in front and place the p.m. behind to change to time in 12-hour system.

0 9

.

45 p.m.

EXERCISE
1.

Change each of the following to the 1212-hour system.
1.

0640 = 1530 = 2035 =

2.

0930 = 1950 = 2345 =

3.

4.

5.

6.

The conversion of time
1212-Hour system 12.00 a.m. (Midnight) 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00 a.m. a.m. a.m. a.m. a.m. a.m. a.m. a.m. 24-Hour system 240000 or 2400 0100 0200 0300 0400 0500 0600 0700 0800

The Conversion of Time
1212-Hour system 9.00 a.m. 10.00 a.m. 11.00 a.m. 12.00 p.m. 1.00 p.m. 2.00 p.m. 3.00 p.m. 4.00 p.m. 5.00 p.m. 24-Hour system 240900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700

The conversion of time
1212-Hour system 6.00 p.m. 7.00 p.m. 8.00 p.m. 9.00 p.m. 10.00 p.m. 11.00 p.m. 12.00 p.m. 24-Hour system 241800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400

ACTIVITY 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/skillswise/num

bers/measuring/time/timesanddates/ game.shtml

INTERVAL BETWEEN TWO TIMES
SAME

8.15 a.m. to 4.35 p.m.
3 hour 45 min 4 hour 25 min

DAY !

8.15 a.m.

12.00 p.m.
Hour

4.35 p.m.
Min
+

8

20

INTERVAL BETWEEN TWO TIMES
SAME

8.15 a.m. to 4.35 p.m.
12 hour system 4.35 p.m. 8.15 a.m.

DAY !

24 hour system 1635 0815 0820

-

INTERVAL BETWEEN TWO TIMES
SAME

10.25 a.m. to 2.40 p.m.
12 hour system 2.40 p.m. 10.25 a.m.

DAY !

24 hour system 1440 1025 0425

-

The interval time is 4 hours 25 minutes

INTERVAL BETWEEN TWO TIMES
11.10 a.m. to 8.05 a.m.
12 hour system 11.10 8.05 NEXT DAY !

24 hour system 2400 1110 1250 0805 +

-

2055

INTERVAL BETWEEN TWO TIMES
6.45 a.m. to 9.20 a.m.
12 hour system 6.25 9.20 NEXT DAY !

24 hour system 2400 0625 1735 0920 +

-

2655

EXAMPLES
The flight from Kuala Lumpur to Kota Bharu usually takes 50 minutes. minutes. If a flight is scheduled to depart at 0745 is delayed by 35 minutes, at what time will the plane arrive at Kota Bharu?

0745 + 0050 = 0835
07 45 + 00 50 08 35

The plane will arrive at 08 35.

A movie was started at 2015. It lasted for 2015. 2 hours and 15 minutes. At what time did minutes. it end?

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