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Chapter 1 Introduction to Physics (Teacher' Guide)

# Chapter 1 Introduction to Physics (Teacher' Guide)

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08/21/2013

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Physics Module Form 4
Teacher’s Guide
Chapter 1 : Introduction To Physics_________________________________________________________________________________________
1
CHAPTER 1 :

INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICS1.1 Understanding PhysicsPHYSICS
Study of the natural phenomena and theproperties of matter.SolidLiquidGas
Mechanical EnergyHeat EnergyLight EnergyWave Energy
Electrical Energy
Nuclear EnergyChemical Energy
RelationshipwithmatterProperties of EnergyRelationshipwithenergyProperties of MatterformsstatesMatter EnergyMechanics
Propertiesof matter
HeatLightWavein the fieldsElectricity &ElectromagnetismAtomic Physics& NuclearElectronics

Physics Module Form 4
Teacher’s Guide
Chapter 1 : Introduction To Physics_________________________________________________________________________________________
2
1.2 PHYSICAL QUANTITIESBase quantity
1 A physical quantity is
……………………………………………………………………..
2
Examples of scientific
instrume
nts :………………………………………………………
3 A
base quantity
is a physical quantity which cannot be defined in terms of other physicalquantities.4 Study the following picture and list the physical quantities that can be measured.5 List of 5 basic physical quantities and their units.Base quantity Symbol S.I. Unit Symbol for S.I. UnitLengthMassTimeCurrentTemperature6 Two quantities that have also identified as basic quantity. There are :
i) …………………………..unit …………..ii) ………………………. unit ……………..

The list of physical quantities :
1. ……………………………………….

2. ……………………………………….

3. ……………………………………….

4. ……………………………………….

5. ……………………………………….

6. ……………………………………….

7. ………………………………………
.
8. ……………………………………….

any quantity that can be measured by a scientific instrument.stopwatch, metre rule balance,thermometer,ammeter etc. Height,mass,size,age,temperature,current Power,Thermal energyl meter mm kilogram kgt second s I Ampere AT Kelvin K  Light intensity candela Amount of substance mol

Physics Module Form 4
Teacher’s Guide
Chapter 1 : Introduction To Physics_________________________________________________________________________________________
3
Standard Form
1 Standard form = A x 10
n
, 1
A < 10 and n = integer no.2 Standard form is used
to …………………………………………………………………...
3 Some physical quantities have extremely small magnitudes. Write the followingquantities in standard form :a.

= 6 370 000 m =………………………………………………….
b.

Mass of an electron = 0.000000000000000000000000000000 911 kg
=………...
c. Size of a particle = 0.000 03 m
= ………………………………………………………
b. Diameter of an atom = 0.000 000 072
m = …………………………………………...
c. Wavelength of light = 0.000 000 55 m
= ……………………………………………..

Prefixes
1. Prefixes are usually used to
………………………………………………………………...
2.
It will be written ……………………………………………………………………………
3. The list of prefixes :
Tera (T)Giga (G)Mega (M)kilo (k)mili (m)micro (

)nano (n)pico (p)10
12
10
9
10
6
10
3
10
0
10
-3
10
-6
10
-9
10
-12
Hekto (ha)Deka (da)desi (d)centi (s)
10
2
10
1
10
-1
10
-2
Eg :1 Tm
= …………………………………….

3.6 mA = …………………………………….
How to change the unit ;Eg :1. Mega to nano2. Tera to micro3. piko to Mega
simplify the expression of very large and small numbers6.37 x 10
m1.673 x 10
-27
kg3.0 x 10
-4
m7.2 x 10
-8
m5.5 x 10
-7
represent a large physical quantity or extremely small quantity in S.I units.before the unit as a multiplying factor.1 x 10
12
m3.6 x 10
-3
A1.33 MA = 1.33 x 10
A= 1.33 x 10
6-(-9)
nA= 1.33 x 10
15
nA1.23 Tm to unit

m unit 1.23 Tm = 1.23 x 10
12
m= 1.23 x 10
12
–
(-6)
m= 1.23 x 10
18
m5456 pA to MA unit 5456 pA = 5.456 x 10
3 + (-12)
pA= 5.456 x 10
-9
pA= 5.456 x 10
-9
–
(6)
MA= 5.456 x 10
-15
MA