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Experiment 2

# Experiment 2

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07/23/2013

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Experiment 2Topic : Volumetric analysis RedoxPurpose : To determine the ratio of the number of moles of hydroxyammoniumions to the number of moles of iron (III) ions participating in thereaction.Materials : KA 1 is a solution containing 1.58 g of potassium manganate (VIII)per 500 cm
3
KA 2 is a solution prepared by boiling 4.00 g of hydroxyammoniumsulphate, (NH
3
OH)
2
SO
4
per dm
3
with excess iron (III) ammoniumsulphate and dilute sulphuric acidKA 3 is 1.0 mol dm
-3
sulphuric acidApparatus :

One 25 cm
3
pipette and pipette fillerThree titration flasksOne 50 cm
3
buretteOne retort stand and clampOne 50 cm
3
measuring cylinderOne white tileOne wash bottle filled with distilled waterIntroduction : In the presence of hydrogen ions, the hydroxyammonium ion,NH
3
OH
+
will reduce iron (III) ion to iron (II) ion while theNH
3
OH
+
itself will be oxidised to dinitrogen oxide.Procedure : (a) 25.0 cm
3
of KA 2 solution is pipetted into a titration flask.(b) Approximately 25 cm
3
of KA 3 is added into KA 2 and this mixtureis titrated with solution KA 1.(c) The titration is repeated as many times to achieve accurate results.(d) The titration readings are recorded in the table below.
Samle reor

Results :(i) 25.0 cm
3
of KA 2 required 25.05 cm
3
of KA 1 for a complete reaction.(ii) Calculate your average titre value showing the suitable titre values thatyou use.Average titre value =25.0025.102
+
= 25.50 cm
3
Questions : (a) Calculate the concentration, in mol dm
-3
, of manganate (VII) ions insolution KA 1.The concentration of potassium manganate (VII) in mol dm
-3
=
nv
=
3
1.58mol1580.5dm
= 0.02 mol dm
-3
3
3
0.00 0.00 0.00Volume of KA 1/cm
3
25.00 25.00 25.10
n
= The number of moles of KMnO
4

v
= The volume of KMnO
4

(b) Calculate the concentration, in mol dm
-3
, of iron (II) ions in solutionKA 2.The redox equation of the reaction between iron (II) ions and themanganate (VII) ions are as follow.5Fe
2+
+ MnO
4-
+ 8H
+

5Fe
3+
+ Mn
2+
+ 4H
2
OUsing the formula
aabb
mvamvb
=
Where
m
1
= concentration of KMnO
4
in mol dm
-3

m
2
= concentration of iron(II) ions in mol dm
-3

v
1

= The volume of KA 1 in cm
3

v
2

= The volume of KA 2 in cm
3
m
a
= 0.020 mol dm
-3

m
b
= ?
v
1

= 25.05
v
2

= 25.0
a
= 1
b
= 5Hence,
2
0.02025.05125.05
m
×=×

m
2
= 0.100 mol dm
-3
(c) Calculate the mass of iron(II) ions in 1 dm
3
of KA 2.The mass of iron(II) ions in 1 dm
3
of KA 2= the number of moles of iron(II) ions x relative atomic mass= 0.100 mol x 55.8= 5.58g